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Vol. XII.— No. 1. 

t of Congrus, in the t, 

' Office of the Librarian Iff Congress, Washington, 

HEAT is the 

art of penman- 

staip, and many 




ml probably no more 

it'tcil representative 

Professor Scbofield 
lias been well-known 
to the public for over 
twenty years as a 
i of the high- 
est type and is now 
only in the prime of life, his entrance upon 
the annals of time beiug the seventeenth of 
January, 1845, at Potighkecpsie, on the 
classic Hudson. 

None of the influences which accrue 
from wealth and distinction attended bis 
birth, but rather the stern realities of life 
met him almost at the outset. Bereft of a 
father's care before be learned to know 
him, he whs left to aid in the struggle of 
supporting a widowed mother and infant 
sinter, which part he did most nobly even 
at the early age of twelve. 

Meanwhile his ruling passion for " the 
line of beauty " began to show itself very 
strongly. Scraps of paper or pasteboard 
would be found traced and retraced with 
lines of rare grace and forms of artistic 
beauty, and even upon the rough board 
fence would be seen portrayed crude pic- 
tures of his handiwork. 

Another sad blow soon came to him in 
the loss of his most estimable mother. Blest 
however with sterling qualities of heart and 
head, be bravely rose above all contending 
misfortunes and at once bent all his ener- 
gies toward bettering bis condition and ac- 
quiring an education. To this end be toiled 
early and late, and proved himself to he of 
that metal which makes success inevitable. 
The following instances, still familiar to 
many, maybe cited as thoroughly charac- 
teristic of the boy, lie would rise at 2:80 
a.m . complete a newspuper route of several 
miles, take the steamer " Powell" at 6:80 
for Nowburg, sixteen miles down the river, 
Bell papers in that city, cross tin- rivei and 
return home by rail in lime for school at 
1 This round of duty or a sim- 
ilar one be repeated day after day. summer 
and winter ; and it was perseverance in just 
such strenuous labors that enabled biro to 
defrayal! needful expenses, to attend the 
public school and eventually to enter Bast- 
man College. 

Professor Scbofield began bis life-work as 
n teacher at the early age of seventeen, 

veloping si 
In method 

. uell : 

e talent of 
ive, and de- 
ce into the earnest teacher be is. 
e is original, making it a point 
the student and in training him 

Coleman's College, of Newark, N. J., also 
teaching in connection therewith private 
pupils in New York City. In 1882 we find 
him for a short time at the Youngstown 
Business College in Ohio. From thence 

careful to reserve an individuality of style. 
In discipline be holds the "law of love" to 
be more powerful than that of force. 

After teaching and acting as correspon- 
dent at the college from which he gradu- 
ated, he was elected to lake charge of the 
penmanship department of a college under 
the same management at Chicago, which 
at that time was the largest school of the 
kind iu America. Subsequently he made 
an engagement with the Bryant <fc Stratton 
Business University of that city. In 1867, 
by reason of climatic influences, be changed 
his field of labor, choosing from numerous 
offers that of Warner's Polytechnic Col- 
lege, of Providence, It. I. He remained 
there ten years, during which time he also 
taught private classes in Boston. 

In 1877 he accepted a call from Clark's 
Model Business Training School, now 

he was called to his present position as 
Principal of the Normal Penmanship De- 
partment Of the Gem City College, which 
position he has filled with honor during 
the past five years, sending forth many of 
the best young penmen this country has 
yet produced. 

Professor Scbofield is an intense and 
rapid worker. Aside from his regular and 
faithfully-perf'Toied duties as teacher, be 
has from time to lime executed a vast 
amount of the finest artistic pen work, 
samples of which have been held by some 
of the highest dignitaries of the world, in- 
cluding the Pope of Koine, Queen Victoria 
and the Emperor of Brazil. At present he 
is engaged upon the " Penman's New Para- 
dise," which is expected to be one of the 
finest works of the kind ever published. 
His power of originality iu designing is ex- 
ceptional and his ability to execute off-hand 
work simply wonderful. 

Among his 

the press than he ; but what is more telling 
than all is the fact that many of the most 
renowned penmen and able instructors have 
been his pupils. 

In person Professor Scbofield is attrac- 
tive, having n tine physique, handsome bear- 
ing, features well cut and striking, and 
countenance lighted by an inward pleasing 
grace. By nature he is retiring and unas- 
suming, liberal minded, playful in spirit, of 
strong personal magnetism, and yielding to 
uone in love for his art or for his home. 
Those who know hi in best admire him most. 

Peirced Copybooks Defended. 

Prof. Peirce is nothing if not brilliant 
He believes in ' ' letting bis light shine " and 
" hewing to the line let the chips fall where 
they may." He has probably written more 
good things and less weak things about pen- 
manship than any contributor to TriE 
Journal, and is entitled to the credit In 
his last article, "The Science of Teaching 
Penmanship," he has scored a hit, and if he 
bad said nothing other than "A book 
teacher is no teacher " he might always be 
remembered with gratitude and admiration 
for it. But his grouping of effect and 
cau^e shows him a misiaken diaguosticator. 
As well might he charge the church with 
tlie responsibility for failure to eradii a'e 
crime as to blame the copylmok for the bad 
penmanship of the community while ad- 
milting Its inherent virtues and approxi- 
mate perfection. 

Because copybooks are not able to pro- 
duce good writers of themselves it does not 
necessarily follow that they are either use- 
less or pernicious or responsible for what in 
the nature of things cannot be expected 
from them. A copv in a book is merely a 
text embodying form and principle which 
are to be interpreted and illusiraied to the 
pupil by the duly <nuililied teacher through 
precept and example until mastered. Wfiat 
to write can be put in a book. How toviriie, 
or the manner of writing, must beshown by 
the MviiiL' example or acquired by laborious 
experiment. Authors may presenile tLe 
what but teachers must describe the Sow. 
The teacher may dispense with the author, 
but the author" cannot dispense with the 
teacher and command success. 

Successful authors must be good teachers, 
but SBccessful teachers or penmen are not 
qualified then by for authorship. The rital 
issue is with the teacher. Now, there are 
teachers and teaches, and while "a hook 
teacher is no teacher," it is also true that a 
mere ink slinger is no teacher. And yet ink 
slingers form the majority of those looked 
upon as professors of penmanship ! And 
they modestly (sir) submit to the fluttering 
insinuation without protest. 

But bow mauy of them know more of 
f>xr/it/coto>/i/ than as a hard word to spell and 
write? And while < ■ th;-i:i-ni. cheek and 


oblique pen-h"ldcr. "Jo'-sy ink and horse 
sense may carry one through to a successful 
result, a dozen make themselves ridiculous 
and merit the lurking contempt of educa- 
tors, and who shun us all for our trans- 
parent shallowness, conceit and ignorance 
of ordinary scholarship which often crops 
out in the orthography of our chiro^rnpby, 
Pschycology, in my opinion, is the weak 
point of the profession, and accounts for 
the narrow vnws and prejudices so gener- 
ally entertained among teachers of penman- 
ship regarding their co-laborers, the general 
teachers and copybook fraternity, And in 
all the articles published in penman - paper*. 
it is surprising that none have recognized 
the existence of the laws of mind and its 
manifestation as the true basis of intelligent 

pared with the handful w ho pass under pro- 
fessional penmanship teachers, and the av- 
erage results compared with those of fifty 

or even twenty-five years must be 
admitted that the copybook is the saving 
clause in our system of education, and un- 
til M.nieihiug better appears it is the best 
attainable standard for the work. 

Recollections of an Expert. 

To the outside world it will be a matter of 
astonishment to know of the methods re- 
sorted to by villians to establish fictitious 
claims to property of deceased persons, and 
the frequency and persistency with which 
they :ire applied. 

During the past three years, probably not 
less than one hundred \u stances of such 
fraudulent claims have come under the ob- 
servation of the writer, the opportunity is 
presented from the fact that death silences 
I lie party, who above all others, would be able 
to denounce and defeat such chums. The 
chief difficulty in the way of such frauds is 
the establishment of some plausible consid- 
eration, which is most frequently attempted 
in the form of promisory notes as they are 
prima facie evidence of an obligation Be- 
sides, there are book accounts, forged wills, 
deeds, mortgages, claims of pretended heirs, 
etc. Many of these cases present circum- 
stances which would furnish plots for the 
most extravagant romance. To set forth a 
few instances of such claims, is the purpose 
of this article. 

The Celebrated Lewis Will Case. 

Many of our readers will remember the 
celebrated Lewis will case, which was tried 
in Ilobokerj, N. J., some years since, in 
which an old colored man, supposed by all 
who knew him to be a bachelor, died, devis- 
ing by will nearly $2,000,000 to the United 
States Government, to be applied to the re- 
duction of the National debt. Not long after 
his decease a womau appeared claiming a 
dowerin the estate as hiswidow, presenting 
an alleged marriage certificate, and vari- 
ous other evidences going to show that she 
was the lawful wife of Lewis. A most 
searching investigation and long litigation 
followed in which it was shown clearly by 
expert testimony that the alleged marriage 
certificate was a forgery. Other evidence 
was introduced to show that the claims of 
the pretended widow were an utter myth, 
and finally after a long trial the will was 
probated and the widow's claim declared 

It finally appeared that the pretended 
widow was only a tool in the hands of a 
band of experienced aud profession «) for- 
gers and criminals, who had conceived the 
plot and were the principals in maintaining 
the contest against the Government. The 
conspiracy embraced, we believe, nine per- 
sons, all of whom were finally tried and 
convicted of conspiracy and sent for long 
terms to State's prison, the pretended 
widow at the end turning State's evidence, 
aud so escaping punishment. 

Another and more recent case was that 
of Miser Russell, who was for many years 
a printer in New York, and at the time of 
bis death left about $30,01)0 deposited in 
various savings banks. He was known 
among his friends as a bachelor and he had 
Frequently said be had no relatives living, 
and as far us his friends and acquaintances 
knew this was the fact ; but immediately 
upon his death, a lawyer appeared repre- 
senting a woman residing in Michigan, who 
laid claim to Russell's estate on the ground 
of being his daughter. To sustain this 
claim she produced letters which she al- 
leged she had received from him at inter 
vals during several years and one just previ- 
ous to his death, which were addressed to 
bet i" My Dear Daughter." 

These letters were submitted to the writer 
for comparison with the genuine writing of 
Mr Russell, to usrerlain whether or not he 
had written them, They were pronounced 
and proven to be forgeries, thus disapprov- 
ing the claim, and the $30,000 went into 
the public treasury, as is the case of estates 
left by persons who are without heirs. 

Miser ralne and his Millions. 
Another case which the readers of the 
Jouiinal will remember as having been 
previously mentioned in these columns, is 
that of miser I'uiue.whodicd leavingmouey 
and property variously estimated at from 

$,-,1111.11011 in sl.nniMiiiu Hi. lif,- bad «'\hib- 
ited the worst phase of a miserly existence. 
Hescarcily allowed himself the most meagre 
necessaries for existence, poorly clad, aud 
actually begging his food in low restau- 
rants, where he scrambled for the very leav- 
ings upon the tables. So filthy was he in 
his habits as to be actually loathsome, caus- 
ing him to be frequently ejected from pub- 
lic places. Immediately after bis death a 
man came forward, first with a power of 
attorney, purporting to be signed by Paine, 
by which he was authorized to conduct all 
business relating to Paine's affairs, and also 
made claim that a will had been executed 
by Paine willing all his property to him. 

The power of attorney on being submitted 
to experts was demonstrated to be fraudu- 
lent, in that it was first given for a specific 
purpose, and afterward so changed by the 
party holding it as to be converted into a 
general and full power to transact all busi- 
ness for Paine, and all acts were to be re- 
garded as if transacted by Paine himself. 
The will which be claimed to have been exe- 
cuted, could not be found, but the pretend d 
copy of it was presented which was also 
proven to be a fraud, and the money left by 
the miser was finally divided between his 
numerous though dis'ant relatives. 

Several cases which have lately been pub- 
lished in Tite .TmiiNAi. we will refer to hut 
briefly, among them the fiimous case at 
Plymouth, N. H., where a note and check 
aggregating $7,000 were presented to the 
widow of the deceased president of the Mon- 
treal, Concord and Boston R. R, Co.. imme- 
diately after his death. The widow declined 
to pay on the ground of her unbelief that no 
such claim existed. The claimant when 
accused of forgery brought suit for libel 
against the widow, claiming damages to the 
amount of $5,000. The note and check 
were demonstrated by the writer to be 
forged, and the party presenting them was 
held under bail for criminal proseculion, 
buttled to pnrts unknown before the time 
came for his trial. 

The Newport Coiisi>lrucy 

Another instance was at Newport, Vt., 
where immediately after the decease of a 
party there was presented to the executors 
of his estate a paper purporting to be a 
written renewal by (he deceased justpriorto 
his death of outlawed mites and accounts 
to the amount of several thousand dol- 
lars, sufficient if allowed to absorb the en- 
tire estate. This paper was submitted to 

, both < 

to be 


the testator until his death, and to each of 
whom he willed $1,000, besides $500 to 
each of their several children. It would 
seem that the entire family had become sort 
of pets with the old gentleman. Time 
passed on and some two years after the de- 
cease of the testator, the husband eallrd 
upon the executors and presented a note for 
quite a sum of money, alleging as his rea- 
son for its possession, that just previous to 
the testator's death, he and his wife being 
present, the old gentleman handed him a 
Bealed envelope saying, "John, take good 
care of this and do not open it until nfter I 
am dead, when it may be of great service to 
you." He took the envelope home and 
placed it in his bureau drawer, with other 
valuable papers, where it laid until He fact 
of its possession passed out of his mind. 

A few months previous to the discovery 
of the notes he said his house had been en- 
tered and robbed by burglars, nrd that 
shortly after the robbery he found biying 
in his front room, near the window, several 
valuable papers, among which was the note 
he held, also a letter purporting to have 
been written by the burglars, which said 
"these papers are of no value to us; we 
therefore return them, as they may be of 

yq^P. g Section of f , ycUae(< _ 

t^u ^^tc; /i^a^f^f <™<^ ^De^c/j owe 


A Wall Street Instance. 

Another instance was that of a millionaire 
banker upon Wall street, who died leaving 
property to the value of several millions of 
dollars. Shortly after his death a woman 
presented a written document in the form 
of a contract and receipt for $23,000 placed 
in the hands of the deceased some years 
before his death for investment and safe 
keeping. The contract being to the effect 
that the principal and interest were guaran- 
teed with such other profits as might accrue 
from the use of the money. At the time of 
this presentation the claim with interest ag- 
gregated nearly $40,000. 

The contract which was in itself amte 
and receipt for the money, purporting to 
have been written by a lawyer, and several 
letters purporting to have been written by 
various disinterested parties furnishing 
facts and circumstances tending to establish 
the claim, together with the genuine hand- 
writing of the claimant, was placed in the 
hands of the writer for examination and 
comparison, when it was discovered that 
the writing which purported to have been 
written by five different persons was all in 
tbe disguised handwriting of the claimant, 
including the alleged contract and receipt 
for the money. These writings manifested 
a high order of manual skill, and much 
shrewdness in their various disguises. It 
was revealed by evidence taken at the trial 
that the author of this scheme had formerly 
been a professional teacher of writing, and 
lately a writer of novels and certainly taking 
the entire scheme in all of its phases it would 
furnish a plot which would out romance 

the writer, who pronounced the signature 
of the testator a forgery, and on trial so 
demonstrated tbe fact as to secure a verdict 
from the jury of forgery. At this time the 
parlies in ibis transaction Hre under indict- 
ment, two for forgery as principals and 
four for perjury as witnesses to sustain a 
conspiracy, and all have a lively chance for 
doing the State a long term of service at 
honest labor. 

A Clever 


i that 

Some three years since the write 
called to a small town in the Westerr 
af New York Stale, to examine several 
which bad been presented to 
of a large estate, under circi 
hud awakened suspicion as to their genuine- 
ness. Upon a careful examination and 
comparison of the handwriting in tbe body 
and signatures of tbe notes wiih that of the 
testator, it was very apparent that tbe notes 
in question were forgeries. The circum- 
stances attending the discovery and presen- 
tation of the notes were ineleci romantic It 
seems that tbe testator who bud been a far- 
mer and speculator left an estate valued at 
at about $200,000. The nearest of kin were 
nephews and neiees, among whom after 
leaving several legacies, tbe estate by ihe 
will was to be divided equally. 

For many years there bad been employed 
as housekeeper by tbe testator a bright 
young woman who had frequently been 
culled upon by him to do writing and not 
unfreqiientlv at hla request to sign papers 
for him, There was also a hired man upon 
the farm who finally married the young 

use to you," signed "The Burglar." Tbe 
papers had, as he supposed, been shoved 
into tbe room by raising the window from 
the outside. It then occurred to him that 
this note was a part of the contents of the 
envelope which had bceu presented to him 
by the testator, These circumstances ap- 
pearing so plausible the note was at once 
allowed and paid by the executor*. 

A few days afterward the man called 
with another note which he said his chil- 
dren bad found under the edge of tbe house 
near the window, through which the re- 
turned papers had been put. He supposed 
that this note had accidentally in the dark- 
ness dropped from the band of the burglar 10 
the ground instead of going through tbe win- 
dow as was intended, and that the wind had 
blown it under the edge of the bouse, where 
it hadilain until found. That slory also 
appearing plausible, and ibe note appi aring 
to be in the genuine unml writing of the testa- 
tor, it wasallowed by (he executors. Shortly 
after this he presented a note for a much 
larger sum, which he said the- children had 
found under the edge of the horse barn. 
This, he said, he supposed had dropped ac- 
cidentally and the wind had blown it 10 the 
place where it was found. Tbe [bird U ing 
for a larger sum caused the executors to 
hesitate aud take counsel before its pay- 
ment. It was at this time that the notes 
which had been paid, together with Ihe one 
which had been presented, were submitted 
10 the writer. The payment of the third 
note was declined aud suit was brought for 
its collection, when the demonstration of 
forgery to court and jury was so complete 
that a verdict of foirerv was almost in- 

siantly rendered, not only as to the note in 
suit, but those which had been paid. The 
parties therefore not only railed in Iheir 
claim ni""» the third note but also were 
compelled to return the money which bin! 
already been paid on the previous ones 
These notes with the interest aggregated 
about $13,000. 


But perhaps one of the most d 
spi nicies that has come under 
the observation of the \\ i iter was 

II, :il nl :i forced <b 'd lately enn- 

tested in Ulster County, this 
State, illustrations of the writiog 

of which forgery appeal in 

connection herewith The facts 
as developed in the trial of the 
suit were that upward of thirty 
yean ago, a homestead valued 
at some $16,000. was left by the 
father to his family which at the 

ii ite of this deed consisted i t 
tour maiden daughters, who b"d 
resided and continued to reside 
upon the farm until their death. 
The first sister died leaving 
her interest in the estate to the 
remaining three ; the sec >nd 
sister at her death left a will \>c- 

the alleged Justice, and that all of the hl'hji- 
tures were forgeries with the exception of 
that of the witness D.D.Bell.whowasa party 
lo the transact ion and discoverer of the deed 
It was shown by Comparing bis signature 
with those which he wrote in ISST, and that 

which he had written in 1884, at I ul the 

time the deed was produced, that the signa- 
ture upon the deed compared perfectly with 
the latter signature, but was widely different 
from that which he had wiitteu iu 18b", 

ing from ano'ber deed proven to have been 
written by the Justice in 1851 We 
also show the two alleged signatures of the 
Justice, Snyder, which appeared upon the 
deed, together with several of his genuine 

The testimony of the writer, who was 
called as an expert was that the writing 
upon the alleged deed was upon iis f:n>- 
spurious, that certain forms of the letters 
were repeated over and over with an accuracy 

Comparing the writing in a section of 
the forged deed, which we present, with 
a corresponding section of the genuine 
deed, written within a few days of ihe 
alleged date of the forged deed, it will be 
observed that certain letters are made with 
a -re:, i uniformity, as for instance the word 
"of," which appears in Hoc two twice, In 
twice, in line eight 


nd ch- 

it will 
almost an exact 
the genuine 



Gp7777Z7lP Dppc? by S77//d(?r. 

S Ctsnd/ ui 

(e "/I/Us ($(Tl>t^ 

third interest in an outlying 
piece of land, white her entire 
interest in the homestead was 
willed to her two surviving sis- 
ters, tin the death of the second 
sister, she willed hi r Ihird inter- 
est in the said outlaying piece 
of land to the nephew, and her 
undivided interest in the home- 
stead to the remaining sister. 
On the decease of the third sister, 
she also willed her interest in the outlying 
piece of land to the nephew, while the 
homestead was willed to a grand neice and 
her husband. 

Within n short time after the decease of 
the last sister, an old man living in the 
neighborhood called upon the widow and 
children of the nephew, who was Ihe nearest 
of kin to the sisters, and informed them 
ihat he had found among his old papers a 
deed, intrusted to him years ago, in 1657, 
ror safe keeping, by which two ihirds of 
Hie interest in the homestead had been 
conveyed to their husband and father, 
Ilic said nephew, and thai Ihe deed 
would be surrendered to them if they 
would deed to him a half interest in the 
property conveyed, otherwise he would 
destroy the deed or turn it over to the hus- 
band of the grand niece, to whom the home- 
stead had been willed. According to his 
demand the widow and children executed a 
deed conveying a half inlerest in the 
property lo him. 

When it was sought to place this deed on 
record at the Register's (mice, also the new 
■ me, transferring the half interest, it became 
knnwu to the parties to whom the property 
had been willed, and they at once look meas- 
ares to prevent the recording of the deeds 
"ii the ground that the o!d deed was a 
forgery, This was done by securing an in- 
junction from the court forbidding their 
record, and at the same time suit was 
brought to nulify the old deed as an alleged 
U the trial the most slrenuoua 
efforts were made to prove Ihe genuineness 
ol thedeed. It was alleged that Ihe body 
of the deed had been written by a man who 
in 1851 was.Iusticeof the Peace, and that as 
such he attested lo its genuineuess, and Hie 
'■ ed was also witnessed by the old man who 

pretended to have discovered it. and who 
upon Ihe witness-stand swore that he was 
presenland saw ihedeed written, and signed 
tl as a witness at thetlme ii purported lo bear 

date There was also what purported to lie 

ihe signature of one of the maiden sisters, 
while the other was signed by a , as 

was alleged in the deed on the ac ml ol 

""ing at the time a disabled hand. 

Many witnesses were put upon the stand 
who had been familiar with the handwriting 
of ihe alleged Justice of the Peace who tea 
11 "'" Ihe body of the deed was in his 
■oudwritlng and the signatures genuine 
I l>on the olber hand it was soughuo deui- 
tsrperl testimony that the body 

"f 11, a n,:ii - - ., . . J 

n the handwriting of 

ty-C^xT'A^tf ,-UM> 


a c */C&&t^< 

"I the will i 


Forypc? Sijf's, 

at the time of the alleged making nf Ihe 
deed, showing that while his signature upon 
the alleged deed was genuine, it was written 
thirty years after the deed purported by its 

dale to have been executed. 

As to the genuineness of the writing in 
the body of the instrument we leave our 
readers to judge for themselves. We have 
reproduced a section of the writing in the 
body of the deed, also a section of the writ- 

which indicated great care and thought iu 
their execution quite otherwise than would 
have been the case if written thoughtlessly 
and naturally according to habit; thai the 
writing was very still and formal, and at 
the besl would lie but a lifeless corpse ns 

com] d with tin genuine writing of the 

Justice While, from comparison, it became 

still more apparent that the deed was a 
forged simulation of the bis writing. 

that the corresponding 
word which appears in Hoe two twice, in 
Hue five once, in line six three times, in line 
eight once, in lines nine and eleven once, 
varies considerably in its manner of con- 
struction. Furthermore it will he observed 
that the peculiar form of the "of" as it 
appears in the forgery, namely that of the 
finishing stroke of the f striking up over 
the o, ending with a sweep to its left, is a 
very poor imitation of that form as it ap- 
pears in the genuine deed in lines nine and 
eleven, where the turn is below the o, and 
is a short formal turn to the left of the staff 
of the f. It would seem that the forger, 
having observed this as a frequent form in 
the genuine writing, had made the mistake 
of using it invariably in the forged simula- 

The word "of" appears in the entire 
forged deed 126 times, every one being 
made in the same manner, so that while it 
is a poor simulation of the genuine, it fails 
to present the variations as they appear in 
the habitual and natural writing of Mr. 

Take the small p in the forged writing. 
[t invariably begins with a right curve, and 
is finished with an " s "like form at the 
center. This form is repeated over and 
over with a high degree of exactness 
throughout the forged deed, so that there is 
really but one form of the small p iu the 
entire instrument, yet in the genuine writ- 
ing it w ill be observed that there is one kind 
of a p in line three, another quite different 
in Hue seven, another still different in line 
light, two differing from these others and 
from each other in line nine, and so in line 
eleven. This letter also fails in the forged 
deed to present the variations which appear 
in the genuine writing. 

Take the small f at the beginning of a 
word, a good example of which appears in 
the forged Instrument, as the first letter in 
woid " tifty," liue three, also in the word 
"first," line seven, and the same word, line 
eleven, it will be seen that each of these 
begin with a right curve, while observing 
corresponding letter in word "fifty, "•Hue 
three, of the genuine writing, also in Hue 
seven, iu the word "fir-t," it will be seen 
that the f begius with an initial stroke 
having n left curve instead of the right. It 
would seem that the forger, observing that 
the f began with a curve, unwittingly 
curved his the wrong way. Take the capi- 
tal T, that appears in the first word of liue 
and ten of the forged in- 

,-iIl be seen that it 
a capital Y.the top of the Aral pari i- nearly 

horizontal " itli I In -ecou I :il tin- top. while 

i*u the genuine is a " T," beginning lint- out- ; 
■ also in line five and in line eight, il will be 

9c. ii Mure I h:ii Hit- initial:* are quite different 
in form, tin.- first pari rises high above the 
Becond so that ii lucks the horizonital rela- 
tion as in the forged instrument. Take the 

letter ■' I " at i he hc^innini; of a word ay i! 

appears three times in line one, and Hnefivi 
and elsewhere In the forged instrument, il 

will be seen l )m( Ihe initial stroke i- in\ an 
ably a righl curve, while in the 

Btrumenf it is very frequently omitted, and 
when present is a left curve, as an ex. 

ample of which see lines live and six. The 

capital Ii will be observed in line four of 

the forged instrument and the capital li, also 
the It, each having Hie same aud a very 
peculiar iuitial stroke, all just alike, this 
uniformity is carried throughout the entire 
instrument, every capital B, H aud H be- 
ginning in the same way, but observing the 
corresponding letters in the genuine writing 
it will be seen that they are widely different 
and variable in this respect. 

The small m's ami n's perhaps present 
the most marked contradictions in their real 
characteristics as between the two writings. 
Il will be observed that in lb c forged instru- 
ment connecting lines trace back only 
slightly, forming a sharp and open angle at 
the top and bottom, while in the genuine il 
will be observed that the up lines trace back 
almost to the top of the down stroke and 
have round turns at the top, making the 
letters of an entirely different character. 
Perhaps one of the worst »ive-a-ways in the 
forged instrument is the YV in the word wit- 
ness in line ten ; it is a modern Spenceriau 
letter, one which was uol in use iu the year 
1857, It is probable thai the forger of ihe 
deed was a young wiiter, and that he had 
before him as a copy a printed deed, only a 
small portion being in v. riling, in which that 
word was printed, and not having the" regu- 
lar form of Synder's W before him he un- 
wittingly made Ufa own, which the reader 
will see is widely different from any that 
arc in the genuine instrument. 

This comparison we might extend to great 
length, but time and space both forbid. We 
now invite attention to the signatures. One 
of the first two signatures of Synder appear, 
one to the forged deed, the other to the ac- 
knowledgement ; below these are given four 
genuine signatures of Synder. It will be ob- 
served thai the first fatal error of the forger 
was in the second J. where Ihe connecting 
stroke from the preceding letter passes over 
the staff so as to form a horizontaland ovalcd 
loop around it, while iu the genuine signa- 
tures the loop of the J is to the left of the 
staff, and forms a nearly perpendicular oval. 



I thee 

of the '■ er." which in the genuine signature 
ui Sj inlet is bo constructed as to look asifit 
was :in " or," while the forged is very dis- 
tinctly er. The chief failure. howCVl r. is, 
iu the ilourisb which sweeps around the 
signature i in the forgery, ils width is more 
tbau two thirds its length, while the lines 
are of a character that indicates that they 
were slowly drawn, wbilein the genuine the 
sweep is such as io form an oval more than 
twice is long as it is wide, while the sweep 
is free, the lines smooth aud the shade is low 
down toward the bottom, while in the other 
it is high up above the turn of the oval. 
Ai o the final dash or sweep of the flourish 
under the signature is entirely different in 
the method of its construction in the for- 
gerj than it is in the genuine. 

Man} more in stances mi-ht lie mentioned, 
but we leave them for our readers to dis- 
cover. We next consider the signature of 
I). I>. Bell, who was one of the witnesses to 
the Forged instrument, also the party who 
proft i 'i to inn e discovt red it, and who 

was evidently the chief instigator iu Ihe 
forgery. The first is that to the deed which 
as hQ alleges he wrote in is:,7. when the 
deed-purports to have been executed, direct- 
ly under which arc two others proven to 
have been written in 1884, while the fourth 
is hi- genuine signature written by him in 
l^oT. The point to he determined was, 
\\ liriln i hi- signature upon the deed is more 
selj related to those written iu 
1884, or thai written in 1857. 

We also give the genuine signature of 

Helena DePuy, and ber forged 
the deed, which will be seen to I 
Utile relation bip between the letters or 
n i tie the i> and u 

i lareib 

a- in the '" <• ' 

that they wen- u i it ten by the saim pei ■ m 
auo Fi ■ >i the bi Ij ul the deed, The 

. be no comparison, 
excepl tii .i i is c\ Idem thai the pai 1 1 n uo 

u n ic i lie bod] ■■' ' ii- in In in. -ui wrote her 
onme. ii bos doI bet d oui pui post to give 

anything like Ihe full detail of facts sit 
forth iu our testimony at the trial in demon- 
stration of the forgery, we leave those for 
the readers of The Journal to discover. 

An Imperial Author 

History of ! 

A unique manuseripl has bceu sold at the 
Rue Drouot, in Paris, for 5,500 francs. It 
is nn autograph by the First Napoleon of a 
history of Corsica, which he wrote at Ajuc- 
cia iu 1700. This MS. is iu eight closely- 
writlen pages, and there is much iu it which 
shows that the future emperor was then a 
disciple of Robespierre. He speaks with the 
fervor of an enthusiast of the social cout ract 
in referring to the action of the Jacobins iu 

He writes in an involved style and in the 
orthography of an uneducated person: 

" The Jacobins saw that the broken frag- 
ment of a feudal system combined with 
laws instituted by prejudices without unity 
would not make a compact whole, but found 
only, ou the contrary, an ill-combined patch 
work, just good to perpetuate anarchy. 
They understood that palliatives were out of 
date, and that it was necessary to play dou- 
ble or quits to run all risks and to employ the 
strongest means: They began by preaching 
the grand principle of the community of 
goods of equality, the sovereignty of Ihe peo- 
ple and of the illegality of every authority 
that does emanate from a popular vote. 
Well, in a few days they changed the whole 
face of things in the island. 

" If they had had time to strengthen their 
work in spite of the priests what a spec- 
tacle they would have offered to Europe in 
a government founded ou reason at the 
gales of Rome ! A government of men of 
the Itue de Provence, a free government 
amid aristocracy, feudality and tyranny? 
How in the world would corrupt nations, 
stultified and brutalized under the sceptres 
of kings and bishops, have been able to 
resist collision with healthy, robust, free 
men ? How could it have resisted when 
Athens alone resisted and knocked over the 
combination of all Asia ? " 

There are in the expressions elsewhere 
many allusions which, if the}' render the 
text ungrammatical and often obscure, show 
a brain which thought loo rapidly for the 
hand to set down the ideas that crowded to 
the tip of the pen. The young historian iu 
many cases made bis meaning more appa- 
rent by Interlineation, His obscurity and 
awkwardness are not caused by a want, but 
a congestion of ideas. 

He often erases, ofteu changes, often cor- 
rects, but his manuscript is the sincere rc- 
tle\ of his mind :u 1?00. He dwells ou the 
degradation of the governed classes all over 
Europe, aud insists on French armies, pos- 
sessed with Hie genius of liberty and re- 
joicing at their new-born freedom, being 
bound to beat them and overthrow the 

How Bad the Bad Writing Is. 

A greal deal of our bad writing is so bad 
that nothing can be done with it but let it 
alone. It docs not rise to the height of 
being false or Inartistic; H is a mere mush 
of words. No criticism of il is possible. It 
is only drenched off the page and the page 
dried in the suu. The author cannot be 
healed or helped. The Iroubleis organic. 
One might indeed say to him : " Go back ; 
go to school ; learn the alphabet ; be born 
again ; die and become a different person. 
Perhaps the next time your miud will be 
less tlaeial ." liut it does no good. He 
likes to live as well as the rest. He likes 
the -li It does not seem to him mush. 

%)>'< of ^fiOMOajapfuj, 

The Study of Phonography. 

166. Of and have are added by the f b 

to both straight aud curved stems, though 
it is used on curved stems in only a few 

.r« of 'Y 

167. An, anil, own, bet n and than&TQ ad- 
ded by the n hook to straight aud curved 

168. There, their, they an and other an 
added to straight stems by the tr book. 

169. Of the and have the are added to 
straight stems by the v hook and halving. 

170. Of their, have their and after are 
added to straight stems by the/ hook aud 
length* ning 


171. Not is added by the n hook aud 


172. Another is added by the n hook and 

B y a„ ull ,,\ 


73. In before wmt is represented by the 

her .„an^ than \ 

May have beenr 

'L L. 


4— « 



If w 

Been J J . Than ^ ^ - _J 

:.-^...,Th„ rJ _.^? 

>!..They are *•<?..(/. \. . Other J.. 
..S..S>..y...^L 1 .« Of the-it I { I 

■ V c ■- ) r -i 

ftfr the sake of i. 

l.'ii-vr lli.iu 

lia.l ur !>..'. u i 

a tli..- butt 'if (heir 

j have anything B 

othor aide ol iiiec 

. about Hi* 

v.irrls nut i 

. *Al ■ , 

[Cniilntctltms, brief si 

position, excepl nncf, an 

seated by up-strnkes are ll;ilici«td ; w.imIs to t 
Joined in phrases aw enclosed In puruntbesc 
Only Buoh phrases are Indicated as have already 
been explained.] 

(Every man) (ought to) (cross the) ocean 
(at least) once (for the sake of) finding (how 
many) lies (have been) told about it. Men 
(may have been) (in the habit) of telling the 

truth (on Ihe) land, (but an) ocean breeze 
(makes the mi -. thi I iggest stories. 

i i,. . ii , in lows (as high u tee) Alps, and 
wbate^fas&nff ft'iat-hurrii (We have been) 
(able to) find some thtngt (that hove lieen) 
reportod fbul not) afl (We bare) beard 
thai seasickness makes one desire t" jump 
♦overboard. (One day) (on <-nr i ship among 
a hundred seasick passengers we saw (not 
one) booking (a I the) sea (as though he) 

(variety of) mission. Since getting {on 

l I some of them have lost (ail their) 

money. (Two or three) have won every 
thing and (the others) have lost. The satfors 
(have been) a constant [entertainment. (They 
are) always interesting, (Each of them) has a 
history. Sometimes his Hfe (has been) a 
tniiM'dv. Miiiu-timesa comedy. (In his) laugh 
(is the) freedom of the sea and the wildness 
of I he wind. We run hard/y keep from /aying 

years, and still no indication of a new edi- 
tion By way of consolation to those who 
want it and cannot vet it one of the authors 
writes: "The truth is that the employ- 
ment of it increases the time necessary to 
take a full course, but it is au undoubted 
benefit to pupils whoare struggling to learn 
without a teacher. Many of the most rapid 
Munson phimugrapbers were qualified be- 
fore the ' Phrase Book ' was projected." 

(would /ike) to get (into it.) i\Ve have 
b«ea) told (that the) sai/s of ships whiten 
" ur - v st '»; (but wo have) found (that the) 

Jhip hoi" (is so) rare (thai it) 

"nngs (a« the) {passengers (to their) feet, 
we have been) told of the sense oi desoZa 
tion when (out of) (sight of) fend, (but we 
■'""*' tn-a'jwpufar steamer such a feelin^is 
Wejteave) a world behind; (but 
we) take a world (with us.i Our desire to 
fcnowhow far (we are) (from the) shore is 
(no greater than) to know how far the shore 
"(from us) Men (by the) third day on 
"bipboard turn inside out. I rrfer (to their) 
characters not (to their) stomachs. Their 
generosity (or their) selfishness theii cour- 
age (or their) cowardice are patent. What 

hold with suitor buys (us they) bend (to 
their) work (singing their) strange song of 
(which we) catch (hire and there) a stanza. 
1 hem) a steady foot while run- 
ning (up the) stippery ratlines to reef the 
topsail ! 

Phonographic Notes. 

We receive a great many letters asking 
where the " Munson Phrase Book" can be 
procured. It has been put of print fully two 

This is true. It is also true that with the 
exception of about one hundred phrases 
which should be culled phrase contractions, 
the book contains only such phrases us are 
formed according to the inks of phrasing 
given in the text book. A list of these is 
ratbei a hindrance than an aid, as the learner 
is apt to fancy that they are to be memor- 
ized, when, if he understands the principles 
of phrasing be knows already how to 
form, with u few exceptions, all the phrases 
on the list. 

A stenographer once said to Senator 
Evarls, "Mr. Kvarls, your long sentences 
trouble me." His quick retort was, " Only 
criminals are afraid of long 

writes Bhorthand 

Elizabeth Stuart Phelps i- suffering from 
:in affection oi the i yes, which compels hi r 
to have all her correspondence and literary 
work conducted by an 

A Word on Handwriting. 
■ Writes badlj . does he ! Ob. that 
doesn't matter; I've generally found that 
boys h bo could write well were little good 
8,1 :nn iiiin'j else " 

Sospoke the headmaster of a large public 
school when discussing the penmanship of 
;i favorite pupil, who was a prodigy in the 
matter of Latin verses and Greek roots, but 
whose writing would have been unworthy 
Of a small boy in a preparatory school. 
What with lettersof all shapes and sizes, 
some sloping to the right, some tumbling 
over one another to the left — his exercises 
looked very much us though u spider had 
contrived to fall into the ink pot and then 
crawled over a sheet of paper until he bad 
got rid of the ink that covered his body and 
legs. And with the head muster's dictum 
to encourage him in his carelessness, it is no 
wonder that matters did not Improve as the 
boy passed from school to college, from col- 
lege to professionalism. He had been taught 
to consider bud w riling a sign of genius, and 
the result was, he wrote plenty of clever let- 
ters and essays which no one but himself 
could decipher. 

And is not this typical of hundreds and 
thousands of cases at the present day? 
Partly because handriting is not taught so 
carefully and industriously as in by-gone 
times, partly because o! the headlong speed 
which characterizes most of our daily trans. 
actions, whether in private or public life, 
there seems to be some fear lest penmanship 
may become almost as much a lost art as 
letter writing. — V-imU't Magazine. 

Type Manufacturers. 

Gutenberg, Koster(if be ever lived), and 
most of the early printers, made their uwu 
type, and this, indeed, is the germ and key 
of the whole industry, The making of the 
type is now a calling by itself— the trade of 
type-founder— but it is most curious that 
up to the invention of the typecasting 
machine iu 183S, by an Amerxan, David 
Bruce, Jr., of New York, there had been 
scarcely any improvements iu the process 
since the early days Then, us now, in all 
probability, the [ype-founder cut first his 
"counter-punch" of hard steel, which 
stamps into the end of a tiny bit of soft 
steel the interior part o'f the letter to be 
made. It is a patient man who must do 
this work, which is completed by cutting 

away ull Ibe superfluous nielul outside the 
letter, leaving iu relief the letter A, of Ihe 
desir d new pattern or new size. When a 
smoke proof of his die shows the punch- 
cutler that his A is perfect, be hardens the 

bit of steel, and with successive blows of 
tins die upon a bit of copper makes the 
matrix for any uumher of type. If it is a 
very large letter, the met;,! is poured into a 
mold, with thc-e matrices at ihe bottom, 
by baud, in the old fashioned way. and ihe 
letters sawn ap. ii i . bul most types are now 
cast iu the little casting machines, which will 
turnout 100 or more i ype a minute. The 
type metal bus been lus, d in -real -ineltiiig- 


must be " hard, yet not brittle, ductile, yet 
lintL'b , ti'm t'u-ei\. > .1 hardening quickly." 
It is kept tluid iu a little furnace under ihe 

casting machine, u bence, as the i osti r turns 
a crank, it is spurted by a pump in just the 
righl quantity to till a mold which presents 

itself at the spout at just the right moment 
to receive it. The copper matrix forms the 
end of the mold, and as the latter jumps 
buck wiih its quii-klv eoohug cbarire of 
metal, the matrix I'n-.-h.v. II hum IlieinuU. 
the upper half of Ibe mold pops off, and the 
Conned type is tossed mil iuslunler Tin lice 

the tiny bit goes to the breakers, boys who 
break off the waste "jet" of metal; rub- 
bers, with leuthcr-pioiceted linger, silling 
at a large circular atone, iub down the 
rough edges ; girls set up the types in long 
row -; into a ■■ ,in --in- Mud,," jn which 

The Editor's Leisure Hour. 

ERY rarely baa a writ- 
ing untensil been put 
ujmu the market wbicli 
has come so quickly mid 
securely into popular 
favor as Arnes'BcstPiu. 
Even when we consider 
what a superior article 
this pen is, the Dumber 
of tbe commendations 
received, and particu- 
larly tbe character of tbe coinmendors. it is 
a matter of wonder. 

Ames" Best Pen bus come to stay. Id our 
long line of experiments before thissucccss- 

tbe makers was to maka a good pen — the best 
p, n thai can bt made, Tbe price was a mat- 
ter of secondary impor lance, because we 
knew that tbe purchasing public could tell 
a good thing wbeu tbey saw it. 
Peerless: Luxurious— Ames' Best Pen. 

A Time-Piece the Size <>r u. Pea. 

There is a watch in a Swiss museum only 
three-sixteenths of au inch in diameter, in- 
serted in the top of a pencil-case. Its little 
dial not only indicates hours, minutes and 
seconds but also days of the month. It is 
a relic of the time when watches were in- 
serted in snuff-boxes, shirt-studs and finger- 
rings. Some were fantastic — oval, octan- 
gular, cruciform, or in the shape of pearls, 

It has been found by experiment that a 
snail weighing ' 4 ' ounce can draw up per- 
pendicularly a weight of 2'_, ounces. An 
experiment was made with a larger snail. 
weighing '. ounce, and so placed as to draw 
tbe load in a horizontal position. Reels of 
cotton to the number of twelve were fastened 
to it, with a pair of scissors, a screw driver, 
a key, and a knife, weighing altogether 
seventeen ounces, or fifty times tbe weight 
of tbe snail. Tbe same snail when placed 
on the ceiling was able to travel with a 
weight of four ounces suspended from its 

Honk-Milking In Ye Olden Time. 

Whenever a royal book-lover, in tbe day 
of manuscript books, gave an order to have 
such or such a classic copied by the most 
skilled book-maker in tbe kingdom and 
ornamented by tbe most eminent miniature 
painters of the day, it was customary to 
make these miniatures faithful portraits of 
the court beauties and favorites, tbe queen 
naturally at tbe head. This lent an addi- 
tional charm to tbe book iu the owner's 
eyes, who could, as he turned over the 
pages, gaze upon fond familiar faces painted 
with exquisite art and framed in burnished 

An essential element of interior decora- 
tion is appropriateness, which imparts its 
charm both to classic details and fanciful 
creations. The renaissance style has given 
great encouragement to elegant and luxu- 
rious interior decoration. Charming picto- 
rial designs arc now brought out iu friezes, 
especially in paper macbe and lincrustawul- 
tou, tbe surfaces showing metallic hues or 
other colors. The pattern is often simply 
self-colored, thus leaving the effect to light 
and shade. Continuous designs of stems, 
flowers or fruits, or successive pictorial pan- 
els, each with its distinct tableau, are thus 
presented to enliven the subject. 

Dr. Wallace, tbe eminent English evolu- 
tionist, states that, in the distribution of 
color among birds and insects, those most 
liable to be attacked are less showy and at- 
tractive. Among birds, when tbe coloring 
of tbe male and female differs, that of Ibe 
latter is always dull, she being more likely 
to be attacked when on the nest or caring 
for her young But when ibe nests are in 
retired spots, or iu hollow trees, tbe plumage 
of both ia equally bright. Brilliantly col- 
ored insects are rarely tit for food, and edible 
species will actually imitate tbe inedible, for 
tbe reason tbat birds refuse to touch insects 
closely resembling those tbey have found 

Evolution : Tbey are great travelers, 
and always go in a trot. Their quadrupe- 
dal locomotors are in some way connected 
with an internal grunting arrangement. 
This capability for locomotion, and their 
innate sinfulness, scientifically explain their 
existence in West Virginia and their an- 
ceatry. There is no authority for even sup- 
posing that all the swine historically de- 
scribed as going down into the sea or lake 
with devils in them were drowned. The 
Sinaitic, Vatican and Alexaudrian MSS. 
say "choked"; so I stake my scientific 
reputntiou upon tbe assertion tbat the 
Razor-back Hogs of West Virginia are de- 
scended from the survivors of ihose owned 
by the A. 0. 1 pork-raisers, for the reason 
that tbey have more devil in them than can 
possibly be compressed into modern pork, 
have cloven feet, a long tail, and never 
miss an opportunity to upset a bucket, eat 
a week's washing, or squeal when tbe baby 
is asleep. — Tobe Hodge, in th 
Magazine for December. 

starting point by several of tbe spectators 
was, for the four miles and return, nearly 
nineteen miuutes, not very fast for ostriches, 
so tbey said, but too rapid for English hun- 
ters, Itnow.— Nbtet of an African Traveler. 

Murderous Mllliu.-ij. 

A lady told me the other day a painful 

little incident relating to wearing birds on 
your bonnets and hats. I will try to give 
her own words. She said 

"One day our pastor said (during ser- 
vice) thai when he was In Florence a lady 
came to bim and said : ' Do come with me 
and hear those birds sing, oh ! such mourn- 
ful notes ! ' There was a room full of birds 
in very small cages, and these birds were 
all blind; tbey had their eyes put out. Iu 
the night the owners take them outside the 
city and hang the cages iu trees The trees 
are then all smeared with tar. These birds 
keep up their pitiful singing, and other 
birds are attracted to the cages and are 
stuck on tbe tar, and then they are caught 
and their eyes put out. And these birds 


Ostrich Racing In South Africa. 

We were treated to an exhibition which 
was a novelty worth traveling miles to see 
—an ostrich race. Two little carts, the 
frames of which were made of bamboo and 
the wheels similar to those of a velocipede, 
weighing, all the gear included, lliiily- 
seven pounds, were brought forth and four 
very large ostriches trained to the business 
and harnessed abreast were attached t'> 
each one. Tbe race-course was aflat piece 
of country about four miles and a quarter 
in length; the distance to be traveled was 
four miles straight away and return. Two 
of the smallest specimens of African human- 
ity ever seen, less than four feet in height 
and weighing about seventy-two pounds 
apiece, Bosjesmen, pure and simple, wire 
selected as charioteers, and all was ready. 
I had beeu provided with a magnificent 
sixteen bands high English hunter, having 
a record placing him among the \ n\ l.< -i 
saddle horses of Cape Town, and was quar- 
ter way toward tbe turn of tbe curse, 
pushing my fresh steed to do his best, when 
tbe feathered bipeds started, and before 1 
reached the turn the oslrich chariots bad 
passed me, going and returning like a Hash 
of lightning, I did see them, and yet so 
quickly did they vanish into distance thai 
a pen picture, valuable for its accuracy, 
canuot be given. Tbe time taken at the 

are killed and sent to America for ladies to 
wear on their bonnets. 

"And I looked around tbe congregation 
to see what ladies had birds on their bon- 
nets, and I was glad there was none on 
mine, and I don't think I cau ever wear a 
bird jigiiin." — Wide Awake. 

Ancient Cities. 
Nineveh was 1.5 miles long, 8 wide, and 
40 miles round, with a wall 100 feel high, 
and thick enough for three chariots abreast. 
Babylon was 50 miles within the walls, 
which were 87 feet thick, and 350 high, 
with 100 brazen gates. The Temple of 
Diana, at Epbesus, was 420 feet to the sup- 
port of the roof. It was 100 years in build- 
ing. The largest of the pyramids is 4(11 
feet high, and 653 on the sides; its base 
cover* 11 acres. The stones are about 30 
feet iu length, and the layers are 380. It 
employed 38,0000 men in building. The 
labyrinth, iu Egypt, contains ^00 chambers 
and 250 halls. Thebes in Egypt, presents 
ruins 27 miles round. Athens was 35 miles 
round, and contained 250,000 citizens and 
400.000 slaves. The Temple of Delphos was 
so rich in donations tbat it was plundered of 
$500,000, and Nero carri. d away from it 
200 statues. The walls of Rome were 13 
miles round. 

We generally think of minerals as dead 
lumps of inactive matter. But they may be 
said to be alive, creatures of vital pulsations, 
and separated into individuals as distinct t 
the pines iu a forest or the tigers in a jungle 
The disposition of crystals arc as diverse a 
those of animals. They throb with unsee; 
currents of energy. Tbey grow in size a 
long as they have opportunity. They ca 
be killed, too, though not as easily as an oa' 
or a dog. A strong electric shock diseharged 
through a crystal will decompose it, very 
rapidly if it is of soft structure, causing the 
particles to gradually disintegrate i 
reverse order from its growth, until the 
poor thing lies a dead shapeless ruin. 

It is true the crystal's life is uulike that 
of higher creatures But the dillVren 
tween vegetable and animal life is uogreater 
than that between mineral and vegetable 
life. LinnR'us, tbe great Swedish naturalist, 
defined the three kingdoms by sayiuc: 
" Stonrs grow ; plants grow and feel ; 
mals grow and feel and move." — B. D. 
Walker, in CfirMmaa Wide A>ra/.r. 

It is a curious fact tbat there is hardly t 
reigning monarch in Europe whose family 
is of the same nationality ns the people gov- 
erned. The house of Austria is really the 
house of Lorraine, and even in their origin 
the Habsburgs were Swiss. And if the Em- 
peror Francis Joseph be not, strictly speak- 
ing, an Austrian. still less is bea Hungari 
although he is king of Hungary. The king 
of the Belgians is a Saxe-Coburg; tbe king 
of Denmark a Holsteiner ; the infant mon- 
arch of Spain is a Bourbon ; tbe king of 
Italy a Savooard ; tbe king of Roumaniaand 
Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria are both for- 
eigners ; the founder of the Bemadotte dy- 
nasty of Sweden was born at Paris less than 
a century and a quarter ago ; the Czar is a 
Holstein Gotlorp, and the king of the Hel 
lenes is likewise a Holsteiner. Even in Ibe 
British royal family there is very little Eng 
lish blood left. Tbe Hohenzollerus were 
orignally Suabians. and therefore paitly 
Bavarian and partly Swiss, Neither was 
tbe historic house of Orange, in which pa- 
triotism has nearly always beeu the first in- 
stinct, Dutch to begin with. 

The following figures may he made a 
source of considerable amusement and won- 
der, in this manner : Have the person whose 
age is to be found state in what columns the 
figures representing his age appear. 

Thefiguresat the top of the columns thus 
indicated added together will represent the 
number of years the person is old. 












35 ' 














































Cocoa «iul Choi 

The 1 

or rurao tree is an evergreen, 
said to resemble a young cherry tree. The 
fiowcrs grow in clusters, tbe pods are not 
unlike cucumbers in form, and of a yellow- 
ish-red color; they contain from twenty to 
thirty nuts about tbe size of almonds, < 
tainiug each two lobes of a brownish hue. 
After the seeds are freed from tbe pod, tbey 
are dried, and then are either simply 
bruised, or are crushed between rollers. 
Chocolate is also produced from tbe cacao 
tree. The seeds are gently roasted, shelled, 
and reduced to a paste, when various spices 
are added. It is put into moulds, and im- 
proves by keeping. 

Cuvier, one of the greatest naturalists 
thai ever lived, first had his interest in 
natural history roused by the action of two 
swallows. These little birds had built a 
nest just outside of bis window. One day 
a strange bird took possession of the nest. 
The swallow and his mate chattered to- 
gether for some time and then flew away. 
Presently they reappeared with a long train 
of ■wallows, each bearing some mud in its 
claws. They flew close to the nest, and as 
they passed the strange bird, threw the mud 
they carried directly into his face, thus kill- 
ing and burying the Intruder in the place of 
his crime— the nest he had stolen. From 
this time Cuvier devoted himself to the 
study of the habits of birds, insects, quadru- 
peds and other auimals. 

German papers call to mind that Kai-er 
Wilhclm in bis ninety years lias survived 
no fewer than seventy-two reigning sover- 
eigns who were his contemporaries, viz. : 
Fifty-two Kings or Queens, eight Emper- 
ors, six Sultans, and six Popes. Of these 
three were Kings of Prussia, Frederick 
William II., Frederick William III , Fred- 
erick William IV.; two were Kings of 
Hanover, two Kiugs of Wurlemberg, two 
Kings of Bavaria, three Kings of Saxony, 
one King of Westphalia (Jerome Bona- 
parte), one King of Greece, one King of 
the Belgians, three Kings of Holland, three 
Kings of England, three Kings of France, 
rive Kings of Sweden, four Kings of Hen- 
mark, three (or four) Sovereigns of Portu- 
gal, five Sovereigns of Spain, five Kiugs of 
Sardinia, six Kings of Naples, two Emper- 
ors of Austria (one of whom was the last 
of the former line of German Emperors), 
two Emperors of France, four Czars of 
Russia. He has also survived twenty-one 
Presidents of the United Slates. 

Th© ; 


The earliest reference to shaving is found 
in Genesis xii., 14, where we read that 
Joseph, on being summoned before the 
King, shaved himself. There are several 
directions as to shaving in Leviticus, and 
the practice is alluded to in many other 
parts of Scripture. Egypt is the only coun- 
try mentioned in the Bible where shaving 
was practiced. In all other countries such 
an act would have been ignominious. 
Herodotus mentions that the Egyptians al- 
lowed their beards to grow when in mourn- 
ing. So particular were they as to shaving 
at other times that to have neglected it 
was a subject of reproach and ridicule, and 
whenever they intended to convey the idea 
of a man of low condition and slovenly 
habits the artists represented him with a 
beard. Unlike the Romans of a later age, 
the Egyptians did not confine the privilege 
of shaving to free citizens, but obliged 
their slaves to shave both beard and head. 
The priests also shaved the head. Shaving 
Ibe head became customary among the 
Romans about 300 B. C. According to 
Pliny, Scipio Africanuswas the first Roman 
who shaved daily. In France the custom 
of shaving arose when Louis XIII. came 
to the throne young and beardless. The 
Anglo Saxons wore their beards until, at 
the conquest, they were compelled to follow 
the example of the Normans who shaved. 
From the time of Edward III. to Charles I. 
beaids were universally worn. In Charles 
II. 's reign the mustache and whiskers only 
were worn, and soon after this the practice 
of shaving became general throughout 
Europe. The revival of the custom of 
wearing the beard dales from the time of 
the Crimea, 1854^55. 

The Firat English Country Newspaper. 

In 1695 appeared the flret country news- 
paper as the Lincoln, fturtantf and Stamford 
Mercury. The prospectus of one of these 
eartj country papers, the Salisbury Post- 
man, "or pacquet of intelligence from 
Prance, Spain, Portugal," etc , Sept. 27, 
1710, ran thus: "This paper containaan ab- 
stract of the most material occurrences of 
the whole week, foreign and domestic, and 
will be continued every po^, provided a 
sufficient number will subscribe for its en- 
couragement. If 200 subscribe it shall be 
delivered to any public or private house in 

town every Monday. Thursday or Saturday 
morning by eight o'clock in winter and by 
six in summer for IWd. each. Besides the 
news, we perform all other matters belong- 
ing to our art and mystery, whether in 
Latin, Greek, Hebrew, algebra, mathe- 
matics, etc." By 1783 the number of pro 
vincial papers had increased to fifty. A 
vivid description of the stale of the roads in 

il, i- 

ulry : 

the following extract from 
the "Collections for Husbandry and Trade," 
March 10. 1003 : " The ronds are filled with 
snow, ffi are forced to ride with the pacquet 
over hedges and ditches. This day seven- 
night my boy with the pacquet and two gen- 
tlemen were seven hours riding from Dun- 
stable to Hockley, but three miles, barely 
escaping with their lives, being often in 
holes and forced to be drawn out with ropes. 
A man and woman were found dead within 
a mile hence, and six horses lie dead on the 
road between Hockley and Brickhill.smotn- 

and thus making a sudden break without 
any gradation of color between it and I he 
ceiling, excepting, of course, in cases where 
the ceiling is very low : then the treatment 
must be made without either wainscoting or 
frieze. When a plain color is desired as a 
background for pictures, the very cheapest 
and commonest paper often makes the most 
artistic and serviceable finish ; the yellow- 
gray, gray-brown and yellow-brown com- 
mon wrapping paper— ihc coarser the better 
—makes a wry effective and cheap covering 
for a wall. This paper can be bought by the 

I>r»innge of the Human System. 
It is estimated that there are about twen- 
ty eight miles of drainage— enough in length 
for the sewerage of a large town — in the 
system of sweat-tubes iu the skin of an adult. 
Obstructing the outlets of this system clogs 
the whole and sends the drainage back into 
the heart of the city— a speedily fatal effect. 
The average amount of perspiration given 


01 the Tor^mrtxj 

*** ^preamble zxnbi reea- 

xd&xtti ue mjirneaeb, 

sxgtteb tra tlje j^erretarn ol 

•li&uari, uxitt tvzmsmi\icb tc 

\jt Untttlg af iBr: rJrmrtger. 


Choosing Wt»ll-Fi»per. 
In choosing wall-pnper, great care should 
be exercised, as the color and general ap- 
pearance of most of the patterns change very 
greatly under gas or lamplight. It is, there- 
fore, desirable to select three or four pat- 
terns, put them up upon the walls of the room 
and examine their general effects carefully 
by day and night before making a final 
choice, for not only do some patterns and 
colors materially alter by artificial light, but 
some, especially green and blue, absorb an 
immense amount of light, and are therefore 
not fitted for any rooms which are to be 
economically lighted. In papering the walls 
of a dining-room there arc, of course, very 
many ways of treatment, and among the 
numerous good examples of paper-hanging 
now made there should be no difficulty iu 
selecting some really good patterns, artistic 
iu design and coloring. As before stated, a 
dado or wainscot forms a desirable basis for 
dining room, a wide frieze a proper finish 
to the wall, instead of carrying up the gen- 
eral tone of color of the wall to the ceiling 
or cornice; this suggests itself as infinitely 
more artistic than carrying up the same 
color or decoration to the top of the room, 

off by a person in health is about two pounds, 
or two pints, daily— a quantity almost equal 
to that disposed of by the kidneys. It con- 
tains, in common with the other excretions, 
substances which, if retained, arc harmful 
in the extreme. Also, the matter deposited 
in the clothing iu the course of a week, and 
in warm weather especially, beginning 
speedily to decompose, is enough to sug- 
gest the eminent propriety of frequent 
changes, and washings and airings often. 
Sick lungs, liver or kidneys call upon the 
skin to do their work for them. The skiu 
must, therefore, be kept in good condition 
to do the work of three organs as well as its 
own, and. beiog so ready, may saw a threat- 
ened life. The skin may be trained to adapt 
itself to sudden and frequent changes. It 
has the same capacity for adapting itself to 
circumstances that the eye has. It will 
shrink and give off little heat through its 
blood vessels and its sweat glands when ex- 
posed to cold, and will present a large ra- 
diatfngsuxfaceand much moisture when ex- 
posed to heat. A judicious training will en- 
able the skin to adapt itself to sudden 
changes with safety.— Lecture by Dr. Shel- 

From human history we know that for 
several thousand years the sun has been 
giving heat and light to the earth as nt 
present; possibly with some considerable 
fluctuations, and possibly with some not 
very small progressive variation. The re- 
cords of agriculture, and the natural his- 
tory of plants and animals within the time 
of human history, abound with evidence 
that there has been no exceedingly great 
change in the intensity of the sun's beat 
and light within the last three thousand 
years : but for all that there may have been 
variations of quite as much as five or ten 
per cent., as we may judge from consider- 
ing that the intensity of the solar radiation 
to the earth is six and a half per cent, 
greater in January than in July ; and 
neither at the equu'or nor in the northern 
or southern hemispheres has this difference 
beeu discovered by experience or general 
observation of any kind. But as for the 
mere age of the sun, irrespective of the 
question of uniformity, we have proof of 
something vastly more than three thousand 
years in geological history, with its irre- 
fragable evidence of continuity of life on 
the earth in time past for tens of thousands, 
aud probably for millions of years. 

Here, then, we have a splendid subject for 
contemplation and research in natural phil- 
osophy, or physics, the science of dead mat- 
ter. The sun, a mere piece of matter of the 
moderate dimensions which we know it to 
have, bouuded all round by cold ether, has 
been doing work at the rate of four bund ml 
and seventy-six thousand million, million, 
million horse-power, for three thousand years 
and at possibly more, and certainly not much 
less, than that for a few million years. How 
is this to be explained? Natural philoso- 
phy can not evade the question, and no phy- 
sicist who is not engaged in trying to an- 
swer it can have any other justification than 
that his whole working time is occupied 
with work on some other subject or subjects 
uf bis province by which he has more hope 
of being able to advance science.— From 
" The Sun's Seat," by Sir William Thomson, 
in Popular Science Monthly. 

One of the most interesting features of 
modern progress is the influence on modes 
of warfare exercised by scientific discov- 
eries. The bicycle has been utilized in Ger- 
many for mounting troops, and now we hear 
of an electric sword, It will be seen at once 
that the latter is an essentially shocking 
weapon. Strangely enough, it was invented 
in Shanghai. The warrior using such a 
sword has a battery— that is, of course, an 
electric battery— concealed at his waist. In- 
sulated wires run from the battery to the 
sword. When the point of the weapon 
touches an adversary the latteris paralyzed. 
The wielder of the sword can be said to 
have made an electric charge. 

There is much that is luxurious and pleas- 
ing in the possibilities suggested by the 
Shanghai sword. In the first place, the vic- 
tims to the weapons are not hewn down in 
a bloody death. They perish neatly and 
quickly and do not soil the ground with 
gore. Of course, such scientific execution 
would take away much thatis poetical about 
a battle-field. No longer could Ibe roman- 
cers revel in such phrases ns " rivers of 
blood" and "gory pools." In fact, the 
electric sword would offer little more than 
an electric brush or an electric corset as a 
subject for imaginative writers. But it ap- 
peals at once to the lovers of the practical. 
If a warfare is really a necessary adjunct of 
human existence let us keep it as strictly 
abreast of the times as possible. 

The electric sword is a great advance on 
the weapon which has for so many centu- 
ries sprung from its scabbard to seek men's 
vitals. It has one great drawback, however, 
which may retard its popularity. It is apt 
to prove fatal. Imngine a French dcul 
fought with electric swords. Some one 
would be sure to meet with disaster, and 
French politeness would be great I \ uuir.'n'.il 
On the whole, it seems probable that the 
Shanghai weapon will not be received with 
favor in Europe. The great armed nations 
of the continent would feel reluctant to 
place lightning-rods on their troops, and un- 
less some such precautions were taken the 
electric .■-word would be invincible. 

Penman's Art Journal 


ii in. 1*111 ir- 




'.' . 


y*A« Journal'* General Agml for Canada is A. J, 
Small, whose headquarters are 13 Grand Opera 
House, Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary " Circle de 
la Salle," Quebec, {P. O. Box 101), is special agent/or 

that city and vicinity. The International News Co.. 
11 Bouvcrle Street (Fleet Street), London, are its 

ieliofield ,, 
Peirced Copybooks 

i iVvi-r t-t'lii-me Hint. 
'oo Often ; An kinir.- 


temporaries, Club-Tidf , h\\,. 
Quantity— Quail iv 

if... . ,, n Fox. 

In.-tnii'ti.-.ii in |Vi] Wnrk-Nn 1. .. . 

//. W. 
Lessons mi Mm-i ment Exercises— N 

A Discovery— Yene*. ..... 

In li-fi-r. ■!!.:.■ I.. HmnKMiIiii- 

< n[ll|,!|lllrlll in i I..hu_- 

MWakis n! the fust iifnre 

m'v.'.W. - 
i.f.sf.uM. tim • 1 1 Iwi 

Portrait and Ant<>irranh of Fii'Mina 

Sections of Fnr^-ti] ami (ii-iiuine Dri-ds, with 
Signature- i Reoolleotlona of an Expert"}, 8-8 

l')ioliuL-rjL|.lii.' Si rij.l j-;, 

Ex mi in! is i if An I -tie Fnjrra-sijif ... «. 7 

New Years (.in i m:,-. s 

Aul.i^riii-li Sji. cini..ti- In 1 ■Vliliiijj Sihofield. , . '," 

Mum mi 'tit ('.mi,-i-,.-s lliusti ating Leaaoni by 
Kibbe and Isaac* 10 

Tnf . -ii.irns..r- Adtoobapb Album 18 

SpBOlmeni bj ll 0, Spencer, J. \V. Vincent 
aud B. H, Spenuer. 

All Premiums to be Withdrawn. 

On the 15th day of next March, all pre- 
miums now offered in connection with The 
Journal will be withdrawn, aud nit offers 
which may have been made in connection 
with them canceled. 

The subscription price for The Journal 
from that date, without premium, will be 
$1 a year. No expense or efforts have been 
spared to maintain TnE Journal at the 
head of publication* of its class in the world. 
The cost of its manufacture far exceeds that 
of any other paper of its class— probably of 
all other papers of its class in this country, 
at least, combined. Its mechanical execu- 
tion, printing, engraving, paper and typo- 
graphical arrangement are unquestionably 
superior to that of any similar publication, 
aud a comparison of the method and quality 
of its monthly output, both from a literary 
and technical standpoint, will not be less 

though, as in the matter of text, it by DO 
meaus includes the total number of evits 
printed. Many composite illustrations were 
grouped under a single heading, the actual 
number printed beingenusiderably in excess 
of 200. It is not necessary to refer to the 
quality of this work nor immodest to say 
thai these illustrations ureunapproached by 
those of any contemporary. Make your 
own comparisons. 

Returning to the subject of premiums. 
We have concluded, inall the circumstances, 
lhat if The Journal is worth buying, it is 
worth p lying one dollar for, apart from any 
cuttidc inducement. Its price on and after 
March 15 will, therefore, be $1 a year with- 
out premium. 

About six weeks remain in which the old 
premiums may be secured, and in which the 
old clubbing rates will continue iu force. 
If you intend to do anything in that way 
you must do it now. The Inducements 

in ti„ npectoney ■>/ a renewal by ffu sub- 
scribers next year at th. one dollar each. 
T!i>>*- who begin to mnfTHEJor/RNAi. usually 
continue to read >'. and upon that assumption 

we put the prici down below th, actual profit 

There never was a better chance for the 
rising generation of penmen to secure this 
invaluable work, "Ames' Compendium of 
Practical and Ornamental Penmanship," 
than is presented by this offer. We say 
"the rising generation," because all the 
wise heads of the fraternity have long a^o 
provided themselves with the work which 
by the concensus of expert opinion is in- 
comparably the best in its line extant. No 
artist pretends to do without it; no student 
or admirer of the beautiful and the practi- 
cal io pen-work can afford to. Warmly 
recommended by the profession as a com- 
plete library of precept and example for the 
professional, the amateur, aspirant and stu- 

All this is said in no spirit of disparage- 
ment to The Journal's two or three bright 
contemporariesin the field of penmanship, all 
of which are deserving of prosperity. They, 
however, do not represent so large an in- 
vestment of money in their production, and 
are necessarily more c'rcumscribcd in the 
extent and character of their work. 

The index to The Journal's volume just 
closed shows 384 principal articles, taking 
no account of nearly 2,000 uuheadtd arti- 
cles published in the way of notes. Yet in 
the work of editing, the search for each sep- 
arate note requires, on an average, at least 
as much time as a writer of fair facility 
would bestow upon a half-column article on 
a given subject. Prof. Kelley, for instance. 
in compiling his monthly ilems on educa- 
tion, humor, etc. , is obliged to read carefully 
from one hundred to two hundred different 
publications a month — in itself a work of 
several days. 

Neither does the index to The Journal 
convey an idea of a large number of articles 
comprised under certain geueral headings. 

Looking down the index further, we find 
that 1 74 separate en ^niviuu'sare annotated by 
title. This is vastly more than thecombined 
product of all other penman's papers, 

offered are greater than we shall again 
m ike. The offers made last month (you 
want to read them carefully) are continued 
to March 15. Here they are : 

To every present subscriber for 
The Journal who shall send us three 
new subscriptions before March 15, 1888, 
and three dollars to pay for the same, 
we will mail The Journal for the year 
1888, with premium free. 

There is probably no person among The 
Journal's tens of thousands of subscribers 
who could not, with scarcely any exertion, 
seaureths three subscription*. 

To any present Subscriber who shall 
send siv new subscriptions before March 
15, aud $6 to pay for the same, we 
will mail The Journal for two years 
tree, or send the extra s inscription to any 
address indicated 

For ten new subscriptions sent before 
March 15 by a present subscriber, we will 
send The Journal tree for tour years, 
or four subscriptions for one year, or 

For ten new subscriptions we offer a 
copy of our superb Compendium, free, 
the price of which is five dollars. 

T7i(s it th, best offer wi lour ever made, 
leasing us absolutely no margin of profit save 

For twenty or more subscriptions we will 
allow a cash discount of twenty-five 
cents each, which may be deducted by the, 
agent when remitting. 

Ii, all th, above offers the subscription in- 
eludes chota of the regular premiums, The 
offers close March 15. They are thi best 
ever made, and probably that ever will be 
made. Act now. 

Legibility vs. Speed. 

In another column appears an article 
on the Relative Importance of Legi- 
bility and Movement in Writing, by Mr. 
Fox, of this city, to which we invite the 
special attention of our readers. 

Without committing ourselves to all the 
statements therein made, we wish to say 
that in many respects we accord with Mr. 
Fox. We believe that first and paramount 
iu writing is legibility. It is more essenlial 
that a man be able to walk than that he 
should have speedy locomotion. Speed is 
very desirable, both in locomotion and 
Writing, For many persons speed of writ- 
ing is of very little consequence compared 
with style and legibility. Indeed more per- 
sons to-day bold lucrative positions as 
i Jerks, cpyists, engniSMT- nni e\ >i\ t..i( li- 
ers, from the extreme neatnrssaml legibility 
of their writing than its speed. In nearly 
all cases legibility will be an acceptable ex- 
cuse for lack of speed, but who would par- 

don an illegible scroll on Hie ground of 
speed ? Many of our enthusiastic worship- 
pers at the shrine of " movement " would do 
well to note the fact Unit celerity of action, 
whether of mind, body or limbs, is it natu- 
ral and inherited gift, and that a person 
constitutionally slow of mind or motion 
cannot vie with one who is constitutionally 
quick, nor can any amount of training avail 
to bring equality, for training advances linn 
who is already quick in the same degree 
tbat it does be that is slow. 

Celerity of mind is attended with exactly 
a corresponding degree of celerity of phy- 
sical action, hence a slow person can no 
more write rapidly than he could run 
or think rapidly, 

It follows, then, as a fact that movement 
in writing is relative. Drill may help a slow 
pupil to move faster, as it docs the quick 
one, but the slow one remains relatively 
slow, hence the absurdity of teachers setting 
a numerical -standard of motion, that is, a 
given number of strokes per minute for a 
miscellaneous class of pupils. It is true he 

advocates of movement are being 
run out of the true race on a hobby. Move- 
ment must follow nol precede form. Actiou 
of fingers must follow nction of mind. By 
this we do not mean that a pupil is to go 
through the whole process of mastering 
form before practicing movement, but that 
tortnv an- lo he studied and letters analyzed 
aud some ideal established in the mind of 
the pupil before he is pushed to an extreme 
of speed. If it is to be better form and less 
speed, or belter speed aud less form, we 
choose the former. 

Editorial Comment. 

Oun winged messenger on the accom- 
panying page bears The Journal's best 
wishes of Joy, Peace, Prosperity to each in- 
dividual member of its big household. And 
it seems entirely apropos that a flourished 
messenger should convey greetiugs to a flour- 
ishing constituency. 

It was a very rash undertnking- 


illustrations. The Penman seems to be 
having due prosperity and to be enjoying 
itself generally. Editor Scarborough con- 
tinues to make things interesting in GasketV* 
Magazine. Editor Scarborough does not 
propose to have any dyspeptic correspond 
ents treading on his toes, as may be seen by 
reference to his last number. The<e dyspep- 
tic correspondents, by the way, have a most 
unenviable manner of bobbins up when 
least expected, and they are (he hardest per- 
sons in the world to sit down on, vide com- 
munication elsewhere in this issue. 

The Kino Cum comes this month from 
C. A. French, of Boston, and numbers 
forty-four subscribers. Mr. French is one 
of The Journal's moat appreciative friends, 
a month rarely passing without bis contrib- 
uting a number of new subscribers lo its 
lists. That is the kind of friends upon 
which good papers are built. W. C. Isbell, 
Terre Haute, Ind., sends the Queen Club, 
numbering thirty-six, with "W. S. Cham- 
berlain, Wilkesbarre, Pa , only a nose behind 


may produce an apparent equality in the 
practice by holding back the fast and spur- 
ring up the slow to a common medium, but 
in this the one suffer* from contraction and 
the other from extension. Again, many 
pupils from circumstances beyond their 
' ontrol, have but a brief period of school- 

ng, insufficient to acquire both legibility 
and speed. In our business "ollegeB, where 
most of the pupils have already enjoyed the 
tdvantages of a common school, and often 
iiigh school education, and who now have 
'"eassistanceofskUled professional teachers 
of writing, it becomes proper that special, 
and sometimes exclusive, attention be given 
to movement, but it should be borne in 
mind tbat the vast majority of those who 
learn to write do so in the public schools of 
rural towns, where the employment of a 
strictly professional teacher of writing is 
utterly out of the question, and whose occu- 
pation calls for a very limited practice in 
writing; to such legibility is of paramount 
importance. We have aver been an earnest 

locate of freamovemenl in wrfting.aud 
shall ever continue to be such, but in view 
of the fact that it is chiefly to the specialist 
in Writing, either as a clerk, accountant or 
correspondent, in the urgency of business, 
« ho requires to write with extreme rapidity 
while to the vasl majority of writers speed 
is of very little consideration compared with 
legibility, we repeat, Aral [eglMHtj then 


We , 

but belie 

tlmt many of the 

ing penmanship opinion on penmanship 
superiority, and candor compels us to say 
that it wasn't successful. So many penmen 
who received our summons begged to be 
excused (mostly on grounds of delicacy) 
that we feel constrained to extend the in- 
dulgence to the few who were moved to 

When the Greek allies had scattered and 
destroyed the great Persian fleet in the bat- 
tle of Salamis, all Athens put on the garb 
of jubilation and came out to greet the 
proud victors. In order to bestow the 
glory in due proportion upon the various 
Greek commanders, each of ihem was re- 
quested to make a list of those who took 
part in the fighting, giving the names prece 
deuce according to respective merits. Brave 
men aud true, each list-maker put his own 
name at the head, excepting Themistocles, 
whose name was second on all the lists save 
his own. Tbat, however, was several years 
ago, and has nothing at all to do with the 
case in point, except to illustrate ihe perils 
of list making. 

i of Th( ( 

The offe 
nal for %\ « year is 
Bcrlbers. Renewals < 
that basis. 


time. I 

He* and The Joun- 
itined to new sub- 
oot be received on 

I -MI1EH of T7u 
the best we have seen i 
extremely creditable in 

with thirty-four. Each of these gentlemen 
knows a good thing when he sees it, and has 
enough consideration for his friends to let 
them into the secret. II. 0, Spencer, of the 
Speucerian Business College, Washington, 
D C, sends a club of thirty subscribers, and 
J. W. Weliou, Grand Rapids, Mich., twen- 
ty-five. Clubs of seventeen come from E. 
L. Burnett, S to Well's B. & S. Business Col 
lege, Providence, R. I., and James W. 
Yerex, La Grange, N. 0. C. F. Elliott. 
Streator, III , sends fourteen subscriptions ; 
J. B. Moore, N. W. Busiuess College, Stan 
berry. Mo., thirteen; Jacob Boss, Aurora, 
III., ten ; E. E. Roudebush, Topeka, Kan., 
Business College, nine, with various clubs of 
eight aud less. 

In its issue of November last, on page 
159, The Journal printed a bird tlouri-h 
purporting to have been executed by R. B. 
Pickens, of Mooresville, Tenn. The copy 
was received from Mr. Picket s himself. 
After the flourish had been put in print we 
received a letter from Mr. 0. N. Crondle, 
Dixon, III., claiming the authorship of 
Ihe production in question, and alleging 
that it had been stolen by Mr Pickens 
from his scrap book, and palmed oft* for his 
own work. Mr Crandle bae bad an oppor- 
tunity to examine the original fnm which 
the cut was ma li at d positively identifies it 
as his own work. Before seeing the ori- 
ginal, however, he described the copy in 

point of ' sueh a way b 

atisfy us entirely that his 

claims were true. We are very sorry to be 
compelled to -how up R. b. Pickens in the 
unenviable lipbt of a forger and a fraud. 
Phe Fai te however, seem to warrant it, and 
our duty to our readers and to the prof) BSion 
justifies this strong language, as applied to 
one who seeks to impose on them in this 
gross manner. If the young man has any- 
thin- to sny in his defence we will give him 
the opportunity. 

Pen and Paper. 


xpression of 

!:■ umI.-i) by Hamlwi 

Handwriting is as much ar 
character as dress or speech. 

The cit, the color and the arrangement 
of the dress indicate the position, taste and 
inclination of the wearer ; the tone of voice, 
the pronounciation and the thought ex- 
pressed in speech is a complete index to the 
individual who holds your attention, and 
not less certainly does the color of ink used, 
the shape and quality of paper and the 
fashioning of characters in a written com- 
munication tell the story of the personality 
of the indiier. 

To be sure, we are governed or fashioned 
in each by certain arbitrary rules peculiar to 
the time and place, but it is in the adapta 
tion of these mandates that the individual 
crops out. 

At one time no dress was complete with- 
out a trail, and it was in its management 
"s grace or awkwardness was 

that a wc 

It was 

the individual surviving under 
herculean difficulties that led a certain 
young man to be spoken of lately as "a 
sensible, respectable dude." 

The soft tones and smooth, grammatical 
sentences of educated persons are noticeable 
even when marred by the drawling tones 
aesthetic culture gives or the twang the 
Yankee atmosphere imparts. 

Thus does an unobtrusive color of ink, 
heavy, plain paper and neatness of the sheet 
indicate the lady or gentleman, notwith- 
standing the style of handwriting in vogue. 
Fifty years ago the very delicate, very 
regular, very slanting characters of the 
Italian style of handwriting was in use. 
This, while lacking in character, possessed 
the one recommendation of legibility. 

Then came in the English style, very 
square, very imposing, stately as Britannia 
herself, but wholly illegible. 

At this time we have in use generally a 
happy combination of both, and perhaps at 
no former time has more importance been 
attached to letter writing than at present. 

Busiuess men consider it a most essential 
dignity to maintain, and their handsomely 
engraved letter-heads and carefully dictated 
and neat type-written mail are carefully 
considered indications of their business 

It was formerly believed that illegibility 
and baste Indicated enterprise and prompt- 
ness ; but, while they do not entirely aban- 
don money saving and time saving, they now 
consider beauty saving as well. 

In letter writing it is demonstrated that it 
is practicable to combine usefulness and 

Ladies of leisure can have no excuse for 
such an omission, which in them would be 
at once unladylike and discourteous. 

They are aided in this work by the per- 
fect pens, perfect paper and perfect ink of 
the day. 

Steel pens are most generally used in pre- 
ference to the more expensive gold ones, at 
one time considered indispensable 

The variety and excellence of paper is un- 
limited for ladies' use. but the heavy, cream- 
laid, moderate sized sheet, unruled, is con- 
sidered in most elegant taste. 

The sheet may be simply ornamented by 
the address of the writer, the strict and 
number, or. if suburban, the name, as 
" Rosebush Villa."' in plain, handsome en- 
graving We learn that Mrs. Cleveland 
uses stationary adorned with her monogram 
in heraldic fashion, and the motto, " Where 
bees are there is honey," and perhaps this 
will lead to innovations. 

The use of scaling wax, recently intro 
duceit, met with a hearty reception at first 
hut lati ly we sec but little of its use. The 
convenient self sealing envelopes, for which 
u.i\ -<mN :ip- superfluous, are too neat and 
expedient to be immediately superseded. 


l word or two in reference to a general 
:apprehension existing amongst our self- 
led professors of penmanship, concern- 
tbe rate of speed and the necessary 
mnt of strokes or letters to be made per 
lute, I think will nut be amiss. 

teaching of speed in penmanship is evident, 
as that is not the goal to be attained, but 

It may be argued that perfection is Ibe 
most difficult and tbe least attainable, as 
results have shown. Nevertheless, if per- 
fection be so difficult to attain, let it at least 
be tbe goal towards which we should aim. 
Then if tbe sought-for result be attained, 
so much tbe greater will be our satisfaction 
in having accomplished that for which we 
strove. If perfection iu form and move- 

be understood that I am in favor of a legiti- 
mate or limited use of speed, a speed which 
has for its object the attainment of good 
movement and steadiness of stroke ; but 
not a speed which has for its object quan- 

Speed in penmanship should be rcjjulaled 
accordingly ; *'. e , limited to a certain pace 
suited to tbe person writing, as the rate of 
speed must necessarily differ with different 
individuals. The powers of endurance in 
individuals are greater or lesser in their re- 

The question before us, which lomy mind 
seems to be one of great importance, espe- 
cially to pupils, involves a grave and signi- 
ficant fact, that in penmanship only, such 
great stress seems to be placed on tbe term 

The "Professor" proceeds in his course 
of instruction to impart to his pupils the 
necessary importance of vi&wment, by 
dasbing off from his skilled and practiced 
pen a lot of strokes, letters or combinations 
with a surprising degree of grace and ease, 
to the amazement of his novices. 

met combined, be so difficult to attaiu.why 
sacrifice form by advocating speed to attain 

Grace, delicacy and harmony, so inde- 
scribable, and yet so manifest. Are these 
three sterling qualities compatible and in 
unison with the speed method ? 

A few comparisons to show 1lie prepos- 
terousness of the speed advocacy I believe 
will strengthen my argument. Imagine a 
Meissonier turning out so many yards of 


spective actions, and a strain to be placed 
on any of the powers must be regulated ac- 
cording to the endurance of the powers to 
be used. But does the professor who 
places a copy before bis pupils and requires 
a certain rate of speed for their execution, 
look or know who his pupils are ? The 
pupil may be a grown man, a young lady, a 
boy, or even a child ; is it not ridiculous to 
ask the same rate of speed from all ? 
Shouldn't the professor make allowances as 
to whom he has for a pupil and whether 
the pupil be experienced or still a novice ? 

The copies being compl ted, he (" Pro. 
fessor ") next enters his pupils to practice 
with tbe admonition that 60, 70, 80. 100 or 
200 per minute are necessary ; for, should 
he fail to grind out th<* required numher of 
strokes in the allotted time, he fails in at- 
taining tbe required result iu that lesson, 
because he was told to turn out so many 
strokes in so many minutes. 

Note tbe inconsistency in this method of 
teaching for^ what is the pupil practicing 
to attain ? la il a high rate of locomotive 
speed to attain quantity, or is it to attain a 
high degree of perfection in quality, irres- 
pective of speed, which as a factor in execu- 
tion cannot be governed with any regularity, 
as sprrd in writing i- an unknown and inde- 
terminable quantity depending mainly on 
tbe person writing ; whereas, qualify in 
writing is a knowu quantity, that being 
perfection. Therefore the absurdity of tbe 

pies per minute . the crayon-artist trying to 
cover with his stomp so much paper per 
miuule ; the designer originating so many 
ideas per minute ; or a Longfellow so many 
feet of verse per minute. Do any of the 
above-named vocations derive any of their 
beauty through speed V If not, why place 
such great stress in requiring a certain 
quantity of work to be executed in a cer- 
tain length of time, when quantity is not 
the result sought. 

Throughout this discussion I have used 
the term speed for quantity, speed being 
the main factor in producing quantity ; and 
the term perfection for quality, perfection 
being the highest degree of quality attain- 
able. I wish not to be misunderstood as 
advocating the linger movement, as the 
constant practice of the same is bound to 
result in a slow, cramped and drawn-like 
mode of chirography ; but, I do wish it to 

The absurdity iu the lessons illustrated by 
pbolo-cngraved copies with printed instruc 
lions as taught by some of our professors 
through the different penmanship journals, 
is clearly at its height, when they ask all 
the readers to practice the lesson illustrated, 
and to use a certain rale of speed prescribed 
by the professor in his printed instructions 
The professor seems to forget or to disre- 
gard the fact that his illustrated lesson 
comes before thousands of people bolii 
young and old, experienced and inexpe- 
rienced, and some more or less life peers with 
the pen. Can any teacher whose sanity is 
unquestionable ask the same rate of speed 
from the thousands of different persons who 
have more or less muscular development, 
more or less endurance, more or less expe- 
rience, or more or less aptness 1 Would it 
not be better for the professor to place 
before bis pupils his best copies and a-k 
from his pupils their best work irrespec- 
tive of quantity 'I 


At this point in the course we will give 
a few lessons in rapid writing, practical for 
business purposes, and i 
number with a lesson i 

The first hand is in the act of starting an 
iuverted oval exercise, and the second one 
has completed the left curve to tbe lop. 
Notice that the position of I he fingers and 
baud is the same iu the second as in the 
first drawing, and that the line has been 
made by pushing the arm forward and out 
of the sleeve, sliding on the nails and sides 
of the third and fourth fingers folded under 
the hand. The right curve or downward 
stroke to complete the oval is made by 
drawing the arm back into the sleeve, not 
allowing the slightest movement in the 
joints of the thumb and fingers, and being 
sure that the sleeve does not slide on the 
table. This is the forearm movement and 
the movement with which all these exer- 
cises were made. In stems and loops a 
slight movement of the thumb and linger 
joints may be used at the same time that 
the arm is being pushed forward or drawn 
hack into the sleeve, which is the combined 
movement. This movement of the ringers 
must not retard tbe free movement of the 

Make the 

unruled paper, 
using no guide excepting the edge of a 
blotter on which tbe hand slides. The rea- 
son for asking you to write without lines 
is that nothiug may take the attention from 


will understand are for learners. When 
tbe movement is mastered then all exer- 
cises should he made to a base-line, and 
great care should be taken to follow it. In 
making the connecting line to a t we usual- 
ly lift the pen from the paper about half a 
space from the top. Give each of these ex- 
ercises all the practice you can between this 
and the next lesson. Do not slight one of 
them. They are all wonhy of your atten- 

Lessons on Movement Exer 


In tbe last lesson 1 gave a series of light 
oval exercises. Tbis lessou is devoted to 
shaded exercises. Each of these two kinds 
of exercises is valuable to the learner, tbe 
light to develop an easy, delicate touch, the 
shaded to develop strength and confidence. 
Tbe learner must not get tired of these exer- 
cises, for they are the mainsprings uf good 
business penmanship. The arrows indicate 
tbe direction of the motion. These exercises 
should be practiced with a rapid, vigorous 
muscular movement. From 150 lo 200 
ovals per minute is the proper speed. 

The Office. 

Our neighbor. TJit <~>ffic<\ wise beyond its 
day and generation, has become the official 
exponent of Mr. Sprague's universal lan- 
guage, yclept " VolapUk.'" designed to 
afford ready and philosophic means of com- 
munication between educattd people of all 
nations, A » Hand Book of VolapUk " has 
just come from The Office press. It is a neat 
volume of 128 pages, setting fnrib the mean- 
ing and uses of the new language, with a 
grammatical exposition of its structure 
The price of the work is $1. The Office 
stays right up to high water mark, and we 
are more than pleased to note the abundant 
evidences of its prosperity. The price of 
the paper is $1 a year By special arrange- 
ment with the publishers we are able to offer 
fur a limited time to every new subscriber 
to The Journal, both The Office and Tab 
JociiNALone year for the subscription price 
to either publication — $.1, or to any one re- 
newing their subscription and remitting 
$1.50 we will include The Office for one 

This is worth your consideration. 

The dear little laddie ' hi* tirn hands 

We-e chapped and red wlili OoW, 
But they 1 1ghtly elnaped a piece of Ice 

Almost too hlfc to hold. 
Far down It) the depths of its crystal heart 

A tiny flaw was seen, 
Where thl-tiraerliiK colors Btartcd up, 

Scarlet, and gold, and green. 

Hr.w his blue eyes shone, and his eager face 

With joy ww all BgloWl 
• Oh, mamma I" he (Tried, " just see ! I've found 

A piece of frozen rainbow " 
-Lhsie .V Uudley.i" VhrUtmiu mde AwuKt. 

In Reference to Handwriting. 

The questioning of i-xperls ou handwrit- 
ing by lawyers was one of the interesting 
incidents in the Circuit Court one day this 
week. Some of the questions asked and 
answered were : " Whether n man's writing 
is a reflex of his nervous condition 1" 
■• Whether a drunken man writes his signa- 
ture different than when sober r' " Whether 
it makes a difference if the writer has an 
overcoat on ?" One of the witnesses said 
th:it a man's signature had a certain expres- 
sion, and like a mau's face could be recog- 
nized whether drunk or sober, and that a 
man's face is not judged by any single fea- 
ture, bis nose or the color of bis eyes, but is 
taken as a whole. — Kingston, N~. T.\ Daily 

Complimentary Closing. 

I examined three hundred of my old let- 
ters, a hundred and fifty purely business 
letters, and an equal number of a miscel- 
laneous nature from friends and acquain- 
tances, none from relatives, and all from 
different persons Here are I 


Very Respectfully ... 

Yours, etc 

Yours 'tespectfully 

Very Truly 


Sincerely Yours 
Yours Sincerely 

Your Friend 

Respectfully Tours 

Very Sincerely Yc-oxa 

Truly YoUM 


Yours Faithfully ... 


Yours Fraternally . 

Yours Cordially 

Very Sincerely 

With Sincere Regard- 
Your Obedient ServuU' 
Yours Most Respectfully 
Very Respectfully Your* 
At Your Service 

And Oblige 

Very Truly Always 

Yours Very Respectfully 

Yours as Ever 

Yours Ever 


Fraternally Yours 

Yours Most Truly 


Most Truly 

One notable fealurc of this table is the 
scarcity of the signatures so well-nigh uni- 
versal a century ago, such as " Your Obe- 
dient Servant," of which I found bat two 
instances In three hundred letters. "Your 
Humble Servant" seems to have departed 
this life. Can this be due to the distaste 
Americans have for even the semblance of 
servility ? 

"Yours Truly." trite, commonplace, as 
devoid of meaning as two words can be, yet 
holds the lead in favor, to an extent not to 
be wondered at in business letters, but some- 
thing surprising in letters of friendship. 
" Very Respectfully " and " Yours Respect- 
fully "are suitable when the person to re- 
ceive the letter is much older than the 
sender or by reason of his position deserves 
some marked expression of deference, but 
the phrases are too often used without re- 
gard to their significance, 

" Yours, etc . ' set ms a ball hearted, lazy 
sort of signature ; u eig-zag line would mean 
as much and be easier to muke. It has not 
even the slight merit of 'In Haste " or 
" Hastily," which at least serve as an apol- 

ogy for bad writing. As far as simplicity 
goes, " Yours" is infinitely preferable, and, 
indeed, is the best way to say something 
without meaning anything — best because 
the shorter the useless formula the better. — 
Robert Luce in The. Writer. 

Mistakes at the Post Office. 

Curious Superscriptions— A hsent-Miiidnl- 

" It would probably astonish you," re- 
marked a clerk in the granite building on 
Devonshire Street, to a reporter, "to see 
the large number and kind of mistakes 
made by the public when doing business 
with the post office. Every evening letters 
misdirected or without postage stamps nt- 

ing the day stopped. It could not be done. 
I told her. because the mail for the place 
she mcutioned bad closed and was gone. It 
stems that she had recently married, with- 
out her parents' knowledge, and during the 
absence of her husband from town on busi- 
ness had written him a letter, and also one 
to her paternal parent. She placed them iu 
envelopes, scaled and posted them The 
same day. some hours after, she thought 
that she bad placed her husband's letter in 
her father's envelope, and vftu u r»a , hence 
the tears. It is not an unusual thing for 
a man to throw in a check book or some 
valuable papers with his letters, nud does 
not discover his loss for some time. It is 
observe the perplexed and 
look upon bis face as be makes in- 

It is hard to tell wheiher or not they will be 
a success. If they contain money or anything'lMln\ can licca-iiv opened :it Hi. sides 
by a dishonest clerk and the contents e\ 
traded without apparently injuring the 
cover. The only advantage liny have over 
a postal card is the contents are not known 
to everybody who handles them." 

" How is the special delivery business at 
this office in number of letters delivered ' " 

was propounded by the reporter. 

■' Since the introduction of that -\ sb m it 
has shown a steady falling off, but it will 
probably boom up on October 1st next, when 
all kinds of matter, if the usual stamp is 
affixed, will come under the rule. At pres- 
ent only tirsl-class mail matter is delivered 
by special delivery," 


tached are thrown through the orifices in 
the panels. It seems that when some per- 
sons enters the post office they are bewil- 
dered, and suffer a parlial eclipse of their 
senses, and do things that they would not 
do in other places. Letters innumerable, 
from some of the largest business bouses in 
this city, are received here without the 
necessary postage affixed. This shows the 
mistake is to be attributed to carelessness, 
not to ignorance." 

"What is done with such letters?" 
queried the reporter. 

" The senders, if their card is printed or 
written on the letters, are notified ; other- 
wise the matter is sent to the dead letter 
office at Washington to be disposed of 

" I have no doubt you witness many inci- 
dents humorous as well as pathetic, do you 
not ?" observed the reporter. 

" Yes, the post office is a great place to 

with all sorts of characters. Only the other 
evening a young womun, crying pitcously, 
approached the window, and, in answer to 
an interrogatory as to the nalure of her 
business, replied that she would like to 
have two letters that she had posted dur- 

quires for his lost property, and the re- 
lieved and pleased expression that suc- 
ceeds it as he gains possession of the lost 

"Then," resumed the speaker, after a 
sho-t pause, "there are some persons who 
neatly and firmly place a stamp upon a let- 
ter and then throw it in, utterly devoid of 
direction. The great army of phonetic spell- 
ers come to the front andcrcale havoc with 
such names as Philadelphia, Jamaica Plain, 
etc . and make of the poetical Indian names 
something terrible and hardly recognizable, 
Fertile ingenuity has a great lield to operate 
upen when superscribing the addicts. Some 
directions are gotten up in the form of 
rebuses and enigmas. Milk Street is some- 
times called street, of the lacteal fluid, wht'c 
Cross, Temple, Franklin and other streets 
are easily represented." 

"How does the new envelope, ihe flap- 
covered postal card, or whatever it is seem 
lo take with ihe public," asked the re- 

" It is too early yet to say whether they 
will be successful or not. The majorily of 
the uses of this latest idea show a lament- 
able ignoranceiu folding it. They are folded 
in shapes never designed by the inventor. 

The rcporle: 


i collection of 
curious addresses copied by this clerk into 
a book. Some were very remarkable. One 
was addressed like the following : 

KEELED, 25c. ; SOLED. 76C. 

Dover Street, Boston, Mass 

This letter was delivered to a shoemaker 

on Dover Street who bad over his shop 

door a sign with the above legend upon it. 

—The great pyramid has 85,000,1 00 cubic 
feet, the great wall of China «,y:»M,0(H),ut)0 
cubic feet, An engineer in Seward's parly 
there some years ago gave it as bis opinion 
that the cost of this wall, figuriiiL' labor a I Ihe 
same rale, would more ihun equal that of nil 
the 100,000 miles of railroad iu the United 

—The public land is not all gone yet 
Then an -till 9,000,000 acres Eo I 

18,000.000 in Arizona, 80,000,0 i 

forma, 19,000 000 in Dakota, 7,000,000 in 
Florida, 44,000,000 in Idaho. , 

Minnesota, U,000,OCO in L'tab 0i 

in Washington, and millions oj 

Other States and Territories, while Alaska 

bus fertile fields that have hardly bun 


Our Dyspeptic Correspondent 

Still on Deck, but Sobered. 

T.><h, Editor (tftfu Penman's AH Journal. 
Sir:— A copy of GatktU'a Magaeine haa 
been placed in my bands, from wbich I 
discover that the editor is quite moved con- 
cerning my hints on the proper use of Eng- 
lish. I cannot see why he should assume 
the championship for that small class of 
transgressors whom I desired to benefit. 
Surely be has nothing in common with 
tbem, and besides, as a public instructor 
and a good penman, he ou»ht to join me in 
putting down an evil, if it be an evil. But 
possibly it is not. Possibly I am wrong, 
afier all. and the editor is right. 

I don't quite like bis designation of my 
article as "putrid gusb of a green eyed 
grumbler." There is an alliterative beauty 
about it, to be sure, as there is about most 
that this eminent litterateur gels off, but it 
isn't true. In the first place my gush was 
not " putrid," and then, I am not 
" green-eyed." I am simply an honest del- 
ver for the true and beautiful in literature 
and art. I may bu wholly in fault as to my 
ideals, but I bavc never intended to blow 
my "putrid breath in the public's face," 
nor to " point with loathsome finger to the 
freckles on another ; " nor am I " a double- 
toDgued leper," that "spreads fetid satire 
like a sick whale" whenever I see "an 
ancient idea in a modern word-cloak." I 
may have " an over-scrupulous mind," but 
I am not all these bad things. I confess I 
have been studying different models from 
those presented in Gaskell, as above indi- 
cated, but I may have gone wrong. I am 
sorry to have left " McGuffey's First 
Header " out of my early and late training, 
and I may have suffered from a too great 
familiarity with, the more crisp and senten- 
tious English authors. I am sorry if I have 
made a mistake, and am willing to be 
instructed, even by Bill Nye and his some- 
what attenuated followers. 

1 used to think that General Grant's im- 
mortal sentence; " I propose to move imme- 
diately upon your works," could not be 
improved upon ; but I see now bow mis- 
taken I have been. I am afraid the General 
had too much to do with McGuffey's First 
Reader when a boy. See what an opportu- 
nity was lost. With a knowledge of the 
new style fostered by the penman's papers, 
he could have said : 

*• If, iu the brief space of twenty- 
five consecutive advances of the minute 
band of my gold -encased chronometer, 
you do not seek to penetrate the azure 
depths of the arched canopy with heart- 
freighted petitions for heavenly guidance 
towards a peaceful surrender, I propose to 
project upon the tympanum of your auricu- 
lar appendage the detonating revrrbevatim).- 
of the loud-belching death-dealers of grim- 
visaged war, and to hustle you out of your 
barricaded strongholds like a bevy of 
frowzle-headed school urchins, panting to 
escape the venomous faugs of a superannu- 
ated and carniverous bull dog." 

And then, again: " I will fight it out on 
this line if it takes all summer.' How 
much better had he said, in the modern 
style : 

" Whatever mental hallucinations may 
seize upou and overpower the weakly-dis- 
tilled essence of intellectual haberdashery 
that meanders through the brain-ci-lls of 
the uninteresting military neophyte, I pro- 
pose, as the unapproachable commander of 
the armies, to follow the sublime concep- 
tions of my own indomitable event per- 
suader, ami embellish the gory annals of 
history with the ruddy picture of ensan- 
guined battle, waged foroommest and giory 
and the exaltation of the stripes aDd stars, 
along the devious ways of the trackless 
wilderness, even should the hazardous ad- 
ventures prolong its devastating ravages 
into the coming summer mouths, and bring 
us, with our task yet unfulfilled, into the 
brown and hazy atmosphere of eupurpled 

General Grant could tight, but it is quite 
evident that be couldn't write. He was 
born a little too early and died a little too 

I am a young man, thank God, and will- 
ing to learn. I never hope to touch the 
sublime heights reached by the ink-slingers 
of the boundless West, but I withdrawing 
protest Let "cm rip. 
One Who Did Suffer, But Don't Now. 

Writing (a a houry if if A A» 


— The Journal is pained to learn of the death of 
Mr C. B. i-'arhart, late uf the firm of Carnell & 
Carhart. proprietors of the Albany Business Col- 
lege. Mr. Carhart's death occurred very unex- 
pectedly, at his home, on November 28. The 
deceased was in the prime and vigor of young 
manhood, and was justly considered one of the 
most aoeouiplisheil :onl promi-iiiB members of the 
business college fraternity. The Albany College 
will hereafter be conducted by the surviving part- 
ner, Mr. J. H. Carnell, who has taken possession of 
elaborate new quarters In College Place. 

— E. M. Chattier, the well-known penman and 
teacher has opened a comim-reiul school at Paris, 
Tex .known as the Texa* Bu-im'Si College. Short- 
hand and penmanship are made specialties In this 
institution, which ought to flourish with such an 
able teacher. 

— Very unique advertisim; literature oomes from 
the Marlon. O. Normal Commercial Institute, of 
which A w. Yale u the president. 

— W. L. Long, a very accomplished young pen- 
man, as attested by various plain and ornamental 
specimens submitted to us. is open to an engage- 
ment as teacher, lie is an old pupil of Professors 
Mu selman and Schofleld, and his address is 
Qulnoy, III. 

—A very beautiful souvenir announcement and 
calender comes to us from The. Youth's Companion, 
Always bright, entertaining and instructive. The 
Companion for the coming year offers 





The daily papers of New York City a 
e since contained accounts of an appeal t 
Mayor Hewitt, by Oliver B. Goldsmitl 
sran penman, who, ia the seventy-third y 

Bge, finds himself in very straightened ei 

—The Little Itock, Ark.. Commercial College has 
secured the services of J. A. Willis, of New York 
State, as a member of its faculty. Mr. Willis Is 
highly recommended both as an artist and teacher. 

—We find much to admire In the matter and 
method of the annual catalogue issued by the 
Lincoln QuslnesB College. Lincoln, Neb., of which 
those veteran penmen and teachers, D. R. Lllll- 
bridge and F. F., are proprietors and prinoi- 

— Messrs. S. A, D, Halm and G. W. Walters have 
joined forces and are conducting a commercial 
school at Helena, Montana, know n as the Montana 
Business College. Mr. Hahn is an old hand at the 
business and his reputation is of the best. Mr. 
Walters iB a young man, full of \ igor and promise, 
and we have no doubt that the new institution 
Will be a success. 

—A notab'e occasion was the annual reception 
and bautptet of the association of graduates of 
the Spencerian Business College, Washington, 
D. C, held on Tuesday evening, December 87th. 
An entertaining programme was carried out. 

—A very elegantly engraved Christmas oard 
comes to us with ihe compliments of Professor 
Henry T. Loomis, Spencerfau Business College. 
Cleveland, O. A like memento with the compli- 
ments of the season comes from deary's Business 

—The Sacramento, Cal . Business College has 
added to its list of teachers Mr. ,1 Mort Smith, late 
of Pennsylvania, whose illustrated lesson on 
writing, printed in The Journal a short time 
since, will he readily recalled by its many readers. 

—Mr. T. P. Stowell, proprietor of the B. & S. 
Business College, Providence, R. I., was presented 
by the pupils of that institution <>u Christmas with 
pair of French bronze mantel 
fine gold wuU-b. charm. Mr. 
principal, received a line silver- 
mounted umbrella. All the other teachers were 
the recipients of suitable presents, Mr. E. L. Bur- 
nett, of the Penmanship Department, being made 
Imppy witli a diamond scarf-pin. 


-An elegant spei.'iim n of bird tlomi-h ■ 
wiih the compliments of U ,\. [" ' ' 
Irian, Mich., Business College. 


. Wallace, Wil 

-u lavoin 11- HUM h.-Ulltitul lie 

robing. Wf li.i\e liki'wi-i sper.i 

Kapuls. Iowa, .lames 
, It. M. Nettle, Central c- ■■,>-. i 
particularly tine specimens. 

I City, Dak 

, by . 

i-iie work, also t_ _ 
on his skill. Mi Dewhii: 

drawing, as does ' 

pen drawing and flourish 'which shows son; 

by It. S. Collins. Kn. 

' ' epsle, N ' . 
i'ii M Avery 

, Poughkeepsle, N. Y. 


• iiuiM'ii. Kan., Bin 

received (roun 

Ames' Beat Pen has already become a prime 
J'non-iti ■nul in etifft rlt/ nought both fm t Vpert 

and practical businsta work. It is the best to 
b< had, pno ::.) ,-, /,/.-, a juart* r-grow box. 

Western Penman's Association. 

Monday afternoon fount! President Chap- 
man antla large number of the profession on 
baud ready for the anticipated convention. 
At 7:30 P. M. the Presidenl called the m< in 
bers to order and the preliminary business 
was disposed of. 

Tuesdny morning the enrollment was per- 
fected, showing a total of nearly one hun- 
dred in attendance. The regular pro* 
gramme was then taken up, and a most inter- 
esting and instructive lesson given by Prof. 
I. W. Fienon.of Burlington, la. This les- 
son struck the keynote, and the convention 
eniered upon its work with an enthusiasm 
exceeding that of any siuiMar meeting ever 
held. During the general discussions it was 
a common occurrence to have five or six 
asking for the floor. President Chapman 
was often placed in very trying positions, 
but his rulings gave perfect satisfaction. 
The balance of the programme was carried 
out for the day, and in the evening a most 
delightful entertainment was tendered the 
Association by Messrs. Coodyear & Palmer. 
The programme of the evening included an 
address of welcome by Mr. Brigbam, editor 
of the Republican, and a response hy Mr. 
Chapman, President of the Convention. 
Both of these addresses were listened to with 
unabated interest, each receiving hearty ap- 
plause. The programme us outlined in the last 
issue of The Journal, was carried out with 
a few minor changes. Harmony and enthu- 
siasm characterized the entire proceedings, 
and it is within bounds to say that a more 
successful penman's convention was never 
convened on this continent. 

Friday afternoon the election of officers 
resulted in the choice of C. C. Curtis, of 
Minneapolis, Minn.. President; C. II. Peirce, 
of Keokuk. Ia , Vice President ; A. N. Pal- 
mer. Cedar Rapids, la., Secretary ; D. W. 
HolT, Des Moines. Ia. . Assistant Secretary ; 
G. R. Hntubun, Omaha, Neb , Treasurer. 
The Executive Committee consists of B. C. 
Woods, Davenport, Ia. ; C. N. Crnndle. 
Dixon, III., and W. J. Kinsley, Sbenan- 

Th'e next place of meeting will be at Da- 
venport, la., with Messrs. Wood & Van 

Taking all things together, the second 
annual meeting of the Western Penman's 
Association exceeded that of the first, and 
everybody went away rejoicing and fully 
determined to attend next year and bring 
I heir friends with Ihcm. 

The Journal is unable to give more 
space to the Convention in this issue, as the 
report comes as the paper is being prepared 
for press. It takes occasion, however, to 
congratulate the officarsand members of the 
Association upon their very agreeable and 
successful meeting, and to commend in the 
most unreserved manner the important work 
they are doing. 

Souvenir of Barnes' Penman- 

The handsomest product of a press we have 
bad the pleasure of seeing in a very long 
time comes to us in the shape of a Souvenir 
of Barnes' National System of Penmanship. 
It has forty pages with :i .superb cover em- 
bossed and printed in gilt. But the glory of 
the souvenir is within, where are presented 
engraved fac-ximiU commendations of the 
Barnes' System of Penmanship by a number 
of America's leading penmen. The list in- 
cludes such well-known professional experts 
as W. It. Glen, II. W. Flickinger. A. II. 
Hiuman, D. B. Williams. W. W. Bennett, 
E M. Huntsinger. C. V. Whitmarsh. E. M. 
Zimmerman, B. II Spencer, T. P. Bassett, 
M. B. Moore, E. It. Beeves. C. E. McKce, 
II. J. Putnam, K. S. Collins. H.J. William- 
son, E. L. Wiley. C. II Havens. G. E. Net- 
tletou, A. P. Root. A. D.Skeels. E.B.Law- 
rence, D. A. GriffitK W. G Christie. J. M. 
Hurkius, M. J. Goldsmith, I S Preston, H. 
It. Vincent, W. I). F. Brown. Joseph Fuel- 
ler. Jr., J. H. Elliott. W. J. Kinsley. II. C. 
Weidler, J. C. Kane, A. E. Peck. E. L. 
Hall, C. M. Robinson and Fielding Scho- 
fleld, whose portrait and pen-work are 
shown in this issue of Tire JOURNAL. Truly 
a bright galaxy of penmanship stars' 

The letter press of the souvenir is unex- 
ceptionable, and its method of presenting 
the claims of the system altogether admira- 
ble. In fact, the work may be culled a 
slroke of genius on the part of ils designer, 
Mr. .1 Marshall Ilawkes, who is at Ihe head 
of this department in the great publishing 
house of A. S. Barnes & Co. The prod 




Awarded the only Gold Medal. 

The Hammond Typewriter Co,, 

75 and 77 Nassau St., N. Y. 


Five More Plates of 

Kibbc's Alphabets. 


1 Tex 

Made with it 1 i-.-a-l [Hiiniifil |,.ti. graceful aii'l 
easy to exeunt.' Tin- be-i style uf Ii.-l terlng known 
fur engrossing nutues on diplomas-, cards, etc. 

No. 24. Hounded Gothic. 

A white faced letter, with dark background and 

Mowers. Elabo 

..yl. ,„ 

-My . 

■ effect, combined with 
'■abet leads 

like after 

■ ;l e and rapid its of c\e< I II. Ilii- iil|ili 1I1H leads 

the world. Count [his 

having examined the le 

No. 27. Scrolling Letters. 

of scrolls with appropriate lettering 
l ~- Very artistic, ,hk| if we tuls _ 
idmlrers of pen-work. 
Single No. 10c. The five Nos. 25c. 

Instruction by Mail. 

of Twelve Le-song in Fli.nriHiiirijj b 
triples. Birds, Bogle, Swan and pur 

fi,r practice . fivj-li fr the |>>-n, with printed i 

ctioiis and posit' - ' 
be sent for SI. 

Mruct hiiis find |">Mtidi (or holding pen illustrated. 

We me srlliiic tiiiuici 

of the lie-it I'i'ii \liikfi-> 

rpiiAVEI.INU \ 
1 send/rr.- in! 
many dollar! u> ye 
classes in ptnmut 
time-, averaging i 
work in Nebraska 


*0 ,J ^ll 8 l l f,lBfSINES f 



Commercial Law 

Inuaa the standard It is plain, praotloal and just the book for class ii 
sand Commercial Departments. A new edition is now ready for deliver) 

Sample l-'upif- will Iil -.. iir hi n j i her- on receipt of wholesale price, 50 < 

Ad.lres* orders and oorreaj denoe, 

C. V. CAKHAKT, 123 Clinton 4 


i.rinl pa<-kuu'cs AiH.>Timtio Ink PoW- 
i Specimens of Automatic Pen-work, 
II. BAKBOTli. Tabor, low*. 

W A 

,| enlletfe Ml) 

liikc .■hiirire 
Ti-hipmid hunk- 

SHORTH A N n^'tf^lZfff. 


.5.000 Sold. 

?.V ) l u ( "- l "» , .'. s nn. , "i 1 'i.^ <'.'.",, t-.n.l 


The Journal Teachers' Bureau. 

' the Journal's Employ- 
ment Bureau for Teacher.* of Penmanship and 
Commercial Branches. The registration fee will 

hereafter lie ?- Wini'lndiai? tin- cost of forwardine 
letter* 1 .in 1 wii. I"- i'h.ii ced alike to those seeking 
!,-.,, ■her- n | ;.- ',,..- '['In- plan is to keep a list 
of tlmse <le-irinir employment and those in need of 
the si'iv ii •■- of .i ti ii n.-i mil to establish a line of 

The JotuNAL will advertise all applications for 

place or service, with such essential details as the 
applicants may g\ve, free qf cost. In all cases where 
special advert Isinc is desired, giving the name, etc., 
of applicant, regular rati-s will he charged. 

The Journal ha-s lilted hnmii'ods of teactiers to 
guod-p-iy in;: positions, and will now prosecute this 
work with greater vigor than ever. 

There arc always Rood teachers to be had and 
good positions to be filled. What you want is to 
e place. The 

strictly confidential, 


In joining the Bureau, describe briefly and accu- 
rately what you want. This will greatly facilitate 

Positively no name entered until the fee of $2.50 
is paid. We charge no eommtiit m on salat Us. 
Join how. The early boy ijttt t/te biggttl plums. 


By 0VR.NEW H|j$}hB PROC^;*- 

Every Fen Worker should have- 


Examples ol l 

Silhouette Kusiic /wpuauei. 
Kciirrossiiiir iiund Alphabet, 
(ir.nilte Alphabet. 
i,..thi«- Alphabet. 

rUpld Old English 1 
Rapid Working Alpl 
Semi-Script Alphabi 
Also eight styles 
Ladies', or Card Ha 
Foliage Utter Alp 


... k \l['h;,l 

Price of complete ; 

i- j 


' A thousand years as a da; 
teaches it. A short, simple, practical method by 
E C. ATKINSON, Principal of Sacremento Busi- 
s College, Sacremento, Cal. By mail, 60 

Instructions Given in Penmanship. 


You can receive just as good 1 
just as raphiJmproiemeDt at yoi 

homes Are 

1 1. in:; for 

liy gH 

, the student, - 

i- earefilllv exaii 

lelKc'wm j'ust 

elegantly wnttei 
for a tin] 

whieh I e 

itil he re: 

who fail 
"the subject a little 

■ his I 


n( n I -u. 

iking a few le 

ould he easily oveieoiuc. i mic 

ho wish to obtain a gnud hand 

■ •mirs.. bv mail. I have ncvei 

of all who wen 

arrled step by 

d positions, 
on at odd 

I did t 

i those who lia 

; It.:- 

■ thai of 
ivlotletown, R. _.,. 

■nshiii office in New York 
Mr Mu.ime is .me of th* 
In this i-.nintry nml tie a< qilir.-d it 

of th.- line: 
Read what he s 

Address as above. 


Prof. Darin— I take great pleasure in rec.m 
meudinc vi on course to nil ttm-e wh" wi-li 1. 
acquire a beautiful >H I*- of wining. The artisti. 
taste and skill di-pl;i)'oii in your lot (its urn I oopie 
inspire one at oner Hoping your class uiiiy hav. 
a rapid growth I :uii. yours very truly, 

Under his portrait is the way he writes now am 
the following is the way he wrote before takin< 

Dear Sir— Your last 

I have taken ac 

■ than -'■ 


A. W. DAK1N, Penmar 


g'railed'tor the' 


nV', M n. 1 .' 

' r.-.i" 

such a variety you cannot fall lo el 
ri t«- it vie Many peo|.le fouhl writ, 
much better by having such copies 
practice from. 

Address ill! orders to 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 

i -i 


The Hand Book of V olapiik. 


Member of the Academy of Vol ipuk— President of I lie Institute of Accounts 

am- vol., 12mo t 128 pj>. Heavy paper, bound. Price, postage paid, $1. 


This work, in the preparation of which neither labor nor expense has been spared, 
comprises : 

1 An introduction explaining the Purposes, Origin and History of Volupnk and of 
the VolapUk movement. 

2. A grammatical exposition of the structure of the language. 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of radica's and the formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes and by suffixes. 

5. "Spodam;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8, " Lilildam ;" Heading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary, Volapuk English, and English-Volnpiik. 

In addiliou there is a portrait of Scbleyer, with extracts from his writings ; a state- 
ment in Volapuk of the changes made by the second annual Congre-s ; and a key to the 
for correcting home work. 


The only American periodical devoted in whole or in part lo the new international 
language it- The Office. 

In it the department entitled " Volaspodel," contains progressive lessons in 
VolapUk, with special reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly. 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies 10 cents each. 

For circulars of the Hand Book of VolapUk, aud for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 


GPIYI C"D Pres. American Pen Art Hall WfMCITQ 
. DIALtR, and Fine Art School, TfUUo I tH, 



The copies are elegantly enirravi d mi enppm 1 , primed from stone on the finest kind of very heavy 
phlte [ i.iiie i\ All copies new; no re hush. There are nvi p.iri.s : 


©contains seventeen slips Tne^ - ;;>- > ■ ■■-■' <■<■ t..l o.^etlier. and 

the case and the 

This Is the most complete and 

he taken out of 


In-irtu tli. ii Punk" i-ver (riven in connectji.Ti wiih 
-.Imply nn-iiti.-n iii.d skim .hi rtli.- .hllicult things in wi itinj,- Inn i'\[.l.iins 

Wallace, Petinitin. WilniiiiL't.Hi ilh-l i ('.mnie'reial Collece.' " .1* an e.r;>orient of 
f lakti Hi, 1..-U'/ All wli'i hiin- e Mm lined H e\|'r.-M.| Hum-. Ives as perfe. """ 
everyone is surprised tliiit >mi eun yive so miich f..r »<> little. Th.- e.ipki 
. radical, and so 
on of a teacher. My t 

t KIK 

..1 tlii- kind e 

■ siiiiil.n u.irk 

■ ipiMlity • 

• of I 

Ulilar work mil 

..lujileie w.nk in, ill. .1 in ,i in -it ,iud suli-tiint i.'il .-,i-e to any ii.ldrea- 


Stamps not taken. 
Address either of the places named below that is nearer to you : 


2-13 Mention Tub Joumkai.. 


nrc tli© Cheapest In the ton) 

their excellence, from 

; fot "in-]?' bOZ. l"> 

■ Il.-i I and H ruing I 

• four boxes for 


i,,. In 1. 1 .,, I"" ;ir.~lil(. 

The Mai.azinK rvlii hi" the vigorous -['Hit >'f il- 

revered un. . si..r. and ;ii the .-aim 1 lime adds new- 
features winch make It shine with 

Inmey ni tin' spheres of 

I'elilliuu-ilip Depart men v , i:uijiiik;h:u wj m«, ..- 
Seartmroiigli shorthand i- ably treated by 

1) liridge. tif Chautauqua I im 

Say where yon 

this inlviiiis. iin-iit. 




Price 15c. "i liimgraphic Editors," 10c. "Pen 
Strokei " aem free to nil who order the "Guide" 

Revised, Improved and Enlarged. 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

Prices. Postpaid. 

Sample Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips, 

25c; Practice I 

; Prize Specimen. 

Specimen of ornamental Penmanship direct fr.n 

the Pen. 85c. i 

mental Bpeoln 

; t.uidc. Prize imen and Orna- 




515 East State Street. 

Charles Rollinson, 

(or the past 13 years with D. T Ann, 


DIPLOMAS roil Schools] | 



Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 



Makes a Shaded Mark of Two Colors at a Single 
Stroke. Sample eet of three sizes hy mall, Sl.OO. 
Circular and sample writing, FREE. 


indelibly marking household fabrics 

:ioat or preparation needed. The easier 


Fifteen years on the market and no fault found. 
Ask your stationer for It. It is the best. Take no 
other Or. send 25 cent9 for It to 


Penman's Badge, 




"Question Books with Answers." This In ,\ «t-rie- 
of four small books, comprising U. 8. History, 
Geography. Grammar and Arithmetic, each book 

j complete enough < 

iranch to be <■{ any help to teaelmrs or others in 
ire pari i a; for exam I nations. or (•■<■ le viewing pupils 

ions. Be-ddes treating I leu-. Highly 
) of Arithmetic, this book < 

examples with answers and solu- 

ubieet. the solutions 
in the appendix In this bunk there ; 
questions with a 

h -nhieet, the solutions being pluecd 

■' 1001 Questions with Answe__ .._ 
with copious illustrations, parsing and analysis. 
uerous Illustrations, false syntax with nir 
, and the parsing of dlfiVult words, are 

neludlng the Federal Constitution and 

'HY."emhrae|.ig [!.■-. -rlpt Ive . Fhyn. a! ami Mall 
u alien] (ie.igraphy. The desert pi "l ve onesii<ins a 
>ked mi eaeti jrritnil dlv iiii'li separately, tint- e 

:t)iing the student tn refresh iiis mind on any pt 
ieular country without reading over the entl 

li. mini In cloth ;l ti.l mailed to any address at 

■ Broadway, New York. 


ther. "— Review. 
G. Yimo $0 50 

Descriptive c 
;u Hoflht l 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St., 


Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

For students. ■ 

firaetieal forms for tl , 
labels' also the figures; 

convenient bel 

a length, metal edged. 

* lor willing This ruler is Pi inches 

e seeking to Improve 


30fi Broadway. New York 

r writing. Address, 

IIAKNUM& CO., No. 20 N.William St., 

Three doors from Park Row, N. Y. City. 

Wholesale ouly. Largest 

I ,UUU f a Business 

rapidly-growing city, or • 

College located In a 
l.-soo. rii'i- is u bar- 


X, JoDRNALUflice. 




Revised Ertitio 


All the good in the old issue is retained and put 

in better shape, while new matter has been added 
sufficient to embody the latest and best Ideas. 
Typographically, the new Issue Is a model of neat- 


irranged with the view of developing the 
KING CAPACITY of the student. Full 
it Ions are given, but much is left for the 
to work out, and results to find. 


If you want to Increase the Efficiency of your 

School ; 
If you want to hold the Interest of your Students 

In their Work ; 
If you want to Teach the Latest and Best Ideas; 
If you want to give your Students plenty to do 
You should by all means adopt this new Revised 
Edition of THE COMPLETE 

lletail 1 

-House Edition, 82 ( 












We want good, active, reliable agents In every 
part of the United States and Canada not at present 
occupied by our agents, to take subscriptions for 
the Journal and to sell tbe new 


and our other publications. We have agents who 
send us hundreds of subscriptions every year, 
without going outside of their Immediate neigh- 
borhood. Upon the liberal commissions we offer 
this is a money-making business. Write at once, 
as we will close with the first reliable parties who 

D. T. AMES, Editor and Proprietor, 


liility ! Power:: linliiancy : : : Price 40c. Ciroulkm 
free. Agent* wanted, A. R. Mooai, Troy, N.Y. 5-6 

r all Pianists. Flex: 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mall. The best system and thorough 
Instruction. Send stamp for pamphlet and sped- 

8-12 Teacher of Shorthand. Pittsburg, Pa. 



-IIOlMIl \NH IN TEN NKSSOXS No shading ; 
7 ti" position. Send stamp for trial lesson. In- 


W. W. OsaOODBT, FaMlltiir, Socheiter. H. Y. 

IS."™?:' ' 


d secured positions at double 

alaries. Llook an. I 

by mail to master it. »ci. 

-uduates li I. Sen 

W._-t lit 

Endorsed by graduates 



OWELL & HlCKCOX'N .School. 

mses Training E 

, Is the leading .■' 

of the few institutions of Its kind where a really 
stenographic business education cun be obtained!. 


pupils, such as 
ink-taiid, etc, < 

I.'., Will lie Mill, p.. si [mUl, or H 

, lo any part of I he United States 
GO. Address, 




On the Mississippi, about 


Petrce's System of Penmanshfp- 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 


I the I 



Membership In the Penmanship Depart- 
leni is $40.00. 
:kt The total expense is about one-half that of 
mil. ir iusiii m i.nis in larger cities, 
4th. No vacations Applications for udml«s|..,ii 
in be made any day in tie year. 
Titli We guarantee tuptrk/r instruction and ex- 
silent results. 

tlth. Nend three letter stamps for Journal, elreu 
,r and -peritneii ol Pi-unian-hip 
7th. Peirce's System of Penmanship, with 5 

Uv tiled 

al Treatise or i-, 
i put in desirable form and uow ; 


pi-rtaining to Penmanship, and covering II- 

volume of this "TREATISE" 

In these columns when ready. 
Tracing Exercises " with each 

Address all communications to 

Chandler H. Peirce, 

12-tf KEOKUK, IOWA. 

will be announced 



.,«. u Practleai Penmanship, a portfolio 
bracing a complete librurv of |.r.,eti. at writ I tig. 
lading the new Magic Alphabet, capable of 

being written by any one legl 
■dlnary writing, is mailt 
York office only. Address 

led for «.0O, from t 


f you are interested in learnlnir or teaching 
n-hip write us a Postal card at once, a; 

ItlKKOI (iH A CO., 


freely ink flows from rny pen I will send you 
mi cards with pun name written in sundry 
and .. copy of (Jtukeifa " 

i Magazti 

""'FOR 25 CENTS 

,vlH Bend a system of freshly written exercise 
i- home prattice. a -. t. of < apilats of the miiMii 
r brand and a copy of the magazine. Address, 

70 n ul.a.b Avenue, Chicago, 111. 




Remington Standard Typewriter. 


Business College, 

707 to 713 Broad St., Newark, N. J., 

Trains Tonne Men, Boys, Middle-aeed Men and 
Vi.nnt' Ladies for a sui'i'ri.ful start in Business 
Life The Largest and tin -I j>. .ymLvr School In the 
country. Course of study void bines Theory with 
Practice, by •'* svsteru of business transactions, 
based i'n real values No Vacations l.'.o.- I.n.v 
Graduates assisted t<> sit nation, Tin' Illustrated 
Catalogue ;md C> nlege ,l..iirn;il mailed In any ad- 


c orrespondence 
b usiness C ollege 

449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correspondence. 

The First School of its kind in America. 


Students now registered from every State and 
Territory and nearly all British American Provinces, 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Distance no objection. Low rates and satls- 

■T2 page Announcement and Testimonial*. 

Pen Artist, Utica, N. Y., 

Dues all kind- •■( < inmnieiital Pen Work Met 
rials, Oiplomiis. i vrritie.Ltes, Resolutions. ,■).■ . 

^ r . I in ;, -killh,] and artistic manner < 'on 

poiidencc id Willi parties lia\ oil' '"tiLT' >s* 

In lie dune Pieces .if nourishing fresh froi 

3 for 2 

Large pieces 25 and 



AUTOMATIC PEN (■■,■ l.'.r ; 8 Sets. Sl.i',: V' 
ollNWMKN I'M. lilsiiiNS, 81. 



si Nos. C and 8, 85c. ( 

f..r %\. Stamps taken 
If not satisfactory, n 

be refunded. 
Specimens 10c. 

any cohir, 5 for 
,25c. each, 5 for 

less trouble In (jetting the 

"Vrrt'il liy w hi, h y,,ii i 

r how good a writer be i 

nilt- raids and instantly i 
leailnc the slight" " " 

performed In an 

penny. Circulars fn-r 

Instant. Price. ' 



The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurate and Reliable. Send stamp for a 
11 U Now York Agency, 88 Union Square 

TJow to become Expert at Figures, -irt.uvi Sold 
20 i-ts postpaid. Star [. ul , Co _ st Louis, Mo. 



We guarantee the superiority of our machines. 
Buy thorn with the PRIVILEGE OF RETURNING 
them unbroken at any time within 30 days C. O. D. 
for full price paid If not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
illustrated pamphlet and sample book of papers on 

339 Broadway, New York. 



Washington. Le Droit Buildi: 

834 Ch 
20: W 
Le Dr 



9 N. Cha . 

12 Third St. 

196 La Salle St. 
St. Louis, 308 N. Sixth St 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E. Market St. 
s City, 322 West 9th St. 

"Williams' School of Penman- 
ship by Mail " 

is now one of the departments of Los Angeles 
Business College and English Training School. 

My school by mail is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for SS 00. Send for circulars. 
Those wishing a thorough drill under our personal 
instruction will find no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 
cts. d. B. WILLIAMS. Princpal, 



of any . 
Type Writer) by the 1 



H OIXILY tiding tl.mHiMlthieksirok. 

E WlWi- I insolidliiaekliues.l'. ruianc 

i.f anything wri/tr-n , 
"Tiler! In Hi.. |, ,(> in 
Only equalled 

I5TSEND -Jo CTS. and get your name and to 


send yiiii addressed in mv 
■'7 Mail, 

, < apitals, 

K PARSONS, Wilton Junction, Iowa. 


■riptivc 'if Lessons by Mail, 10k 

P S.- No |..-f,il ,;n-.r 


s in a beautiful pine 1 

'■ z ■ '-, : Love. . . 
Elegantly ■ 

f 1 la' following sul iji.'cis : Love, Friern 

11 t.."l fllellrj 

-13 J. G. ANDERSON, Falcon, Tenn. 

Your moiiocnuii nf the 3i> capital letters i 

should r 

For rapid writing, use SOS. 20 and 2S. 



During the past i 



. and with one or "two exceptions, nil 
only 1 ■ " 
ileased with the (nurse, hut surprised 1 

■ of a multitude "i 

Capital-. Wind and Sentence 


pressed themselves not only highly 

with ttic (nurse, but surprised at the 

(Sly ai d fjnaiUi) • I' copies. The l '5Q-Lsston 

eleuiMilly writt.n copies, embracing I 

Letter Writing, liusiness 

ami Wind in Capital Exercises, Business and 

RAPID WRITIXG Fancy Initial Combinations, etc. l*"~ All copies 
"net from my own pm. f&~ Also exp licit 
Inled. Instructions. ^T" The entire series of 

F'uuiinhing" .i-n-i-ts nf a gnat vaiif-ty "i Exercises and Designs, 

ion . Price, SS.0O. 

by Mall In Aiittmwitic Penmanship, Ml. 00. Six colors Automatic Ink In 
ie Automatic Pens, 75c. 
Full Course in Penmanship at Die \ t Normal School, SS 00 per term. Catalogue !' 
""■ 7, Ftmrishiwi and Automatic. «5c. Circi ' 
I School, Valparaiso, Ind. Menllo: 

if pftoto-mgra 

Cof,i.x, foi/e'/t'-r tilth Instruction', •miilfi in v>n< i»fk<vi>\ pi»li»iiit.r-r 9'! 
__¥* The ■■:>!>- /.-'soi, r.m,-*,- ,n F'nuiinliiiig" ei-n-i^" 
,11 freshfroin the pen, with In-tru. i imi . Price^»3.0O, 

' y Mall in Aut«i 
pnwders. GOe. Three Aiitnmatic I'ens 



t that is self oleai 


A Monthly Paper on Penmanship, Beautifully Illustrated. 

The "Western Penman" contains Lessons in Writing, Lettering, Flourishing 
and Pen Drawing. 



Lessons In Pen 

American Penmen. This 
pel-sun can hecuinc a Hue 


Work on Penman-hip by A. N. PALMER, editor <•( 

e|| -railed ami e.unplete ciuirsi- <>( ..fl hand Fliniri.hitig. I.i 

Drawing by Prof. A. C. WEBB. Full-page 111 
,....„.'». with Sruiilh 

.'nil -Pi 
MMING, Hud others, with Siualle 
ivonh a Five-Diillar biil to any J 
by studying the lessons given. The price of the book is One D' 

ent. Writing by Its author. 
Lettering, by Prof. H. W. 

itlons by KIBBE. WEBB. 


?ipt of One Dollar, > 


Cedar Rapids, I.iwa. 


!y [ .if... i 

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systematize and teach writing in accordance with the usages of the best 
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guishing features of *' Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
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A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway, New York. 

College furntahes, at moderate coat, the 
very best business training. The Course la an 
embodiment of the latent and most approved 
methods yet attained by the beat American Busi- 
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It is progressive and thorough in all its appoint- 
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The methods for Illustrating actual business in 
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conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
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the best. 

The Principal of this Department Is an ex- 
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of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
to his pupils. For more complete information, 
send (or "The Commercial World." 

This Is Exclusively a School ot Penman- 
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The Principal of this Department stands at 
the head of the Profession as an Artist; and 
as a Teacher of Penmanship, "he has no liv- 
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teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend a school wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teac 
This School turns ont more finished penmen 
than all tbe Business College Penmanship De- 
partments in the United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School o 
manshlp Is Teachers' Training, as well 
development of Pen Artists j also Black 



Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 

" niONiM.ic.U'Hk' WOULD," which 

regarding llii- Depart- 



ile Indorsements or this System by many of America's Finest Peun 
of Penmanship till Farther Notice. 

ill he Sent Gratia to any Teiirhr 


ist. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

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2d. — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, 

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3d— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no 

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4th — Beautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 


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5th. — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with such 

words as "zeugma, urquesne, xylus, ten illy, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th, — Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the books 

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7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering 

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8th. — Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 



A.. S. BAENES & CO., Publishers, 

ICACO, ILL. I | , W | L | 






in tht i/?ar 1B8S, by DaMtei, T. Ames, in the Office of the LUtrai 

Vol. XII.— No. 2. 

, Washington, D. C. 

Representative Penmen of 

There arc few mco who have risen to so 
high a position in the ranks of commercial 
teachers and won so completely the general 
esteem of the members of his profession as 
the subject of this sketch, Mr E. M. Hunt- 
ginger, of Packard's < 'ollcgc, New York, 

Mr. Huntsinger was born at Valley View, 
Schuylkill County, Pa., in 1855. His 
father, a contractor and builder, a man of 
good judgment and sterling in'egrity, did 
much to shape the character of his son 
through wise counsel and prudent manage- 
ment. Early in young IIuntsiDger's boy- 
hood an intimacy sprang up between father 
and son. and today it is to Mr. Huntsinger 
a source of inriniioatisfactiou that through 
love, honor and obedience he had never re- 
ceived from his father a harsh word. 

Lessons of industry, thrift and independ- 
ence were early taught, and the first finan- 
cial transaction occurred through being a 
good hoy and receiving a penny for taking 
a pill. Around this nucleus of capital pen- 
nies from grandparents and relatives gath- 
ered till ten dollars was realized. This the 
father b trrowed, giviuga notewith interest, 
which accumulated with other savings to an 
amount sufficient at the age of sixteen to 
pay for a quarter's schooling at a private 

At about this time an incident occurred 
in the life of the young man which is worth 
relating. Early one stormy April morning 
his father sent trim eight miles distant to 
collect a bad debt, saying ; "I wish you to 
go to Mr. G and collect the $42 he has 
owed me for three years, as I have just 
learned that he has collected a considerable 
sum." On arriving at the man's hou«c he 
claimed to have no money, but young Hunt- 
iingcr assured him that he had come to 
stay till the bill was collected. This was at 
ten o'clock in the morning. At noon the 
request was repeated, and again at 3 p. m. ; 
still the man professed to have no cash. At 
430 the request was again made, when the 
man yielded and paid the debt. So delighted 
was the youth that he ran nearly all the way 
home to his father, who was overjoyed with 
pride at his son's victory. 

After the usual public school training, the 
) oung man, at the age of eighteen, attended 
the Sheppensburg Normal School and after- 
wards taught three terms in public schools. 
In 1876 be entered Hinmnn's Business Col- 
lege, taking a special course, assisting at the 
same time in teaching arithmetic. In 1877 
he engaged with Mr. Warner to teach in the 
Providence Bryant and Stratton College, 
where he remained till the summer of 1884, 
when he accepted a position in Packard's 
New York College. 

Mr, Huntsingerisof a retiring disposition, 
yet cordial and true in his relations with all 
men. He is a great reader of practical 
books, a constant student, and in hours of 
leisure finds recreation and enjoyment in 
designing and shaping beautiful forms with 
the pen. As a teaeber he is admired by his 
students, and so thorough In the details of 
his work that he often spends from twelve 
to fifteen hours per day in the interests of 
his pupils and employer. It is but jut t to 

say that his services and devotion are gener- 
ously recognized by Mr. Packard. 

At the age of twenty-four he married a 
young lady of literary tastes, and their life 
at home and among friends is one con- 
stantly aiming at mutual improvement. 

Mr, Huntsinger is a member of Astor 
Lodge, No. 603, Free and Accepted Masons; 
also belongs to the Ancient Accepted Scot- 
tish Rite, Northern Jurisdiction, having rc- 

The Copybook Question. 

An inate desire to deal justly and love 
of mercy prompts me to a second considera- 

ceived the various grades in the Lodge of 
Perfection, the Council Princes of Jerusa- 
lem, the Chapterof Rose Croix and tbeCon- 
sistory of New York City. Having known 
my subject intimately for over twelve years, 
it gives me pleasure to note the progress and 
standing of so worthy a member of ourpro- 

" When I was private secretary to Horace 
Greeley." said Daniel Frohman, " I at first 
had much trouble to make out bis chiro- 
grapby. One day I ran across a sentence 
that was an extraordinary puzzler and I 
went to my chief for an explanation. 
Greeley looked at the sentence for a mo- 
ment through bis glasses and then said, 
handing me back the copy : ' When I wrote 
that, young man, God and I knew what it 
meant ; now, I'm afraid, only God knows.' " 

This is a good time to put in your fine 
work for Tue Jouhkal. Try your hand 

are written or printed for learners to imi- 

According to this definition a copybook, 
in its literal signification, does not imply a 
system of penmanship, while a system of 
penmanship not only implies written or 
printed copies, but instruction, which pro- 
perly applied, will lead to approximate re- 

The difference in name however has 
made no difference in the subject-matter, 
and so the consideration of copybooks will 
include as a rule the systems of penman- 

The latest and best systems and series of 
copybooks almost totally ignore any 
printed instructions and make no attempt 
whatever toward providing even *>f* ■ 
line of well defined «■ " 
to give the pr 
solutely nr<- 

The b 
meet the 

the hands of competent teachers, it cannot 
be used to advantage, what is to be said 
when in the hands of incompetent ones ? 

There are no provisions and no induce- 
ments for betteriug the condition of the 
would-be teacher, and the mere complaint 
of his inefficiency has failed to convert 

A bare copy is almost worthless. An un- 
graded copy is worthless. A miscellaneous 
C( py, coupled with poor instruction, is a 
disgrace to civilization. While the systems 
imply some evidence of an order of sim- 
plicity for lower grades, there is nothing to 
show any application of movement to form 
for the more advauced, except, pcr1i:ips, ;i 
few movement exercises, Improperly 
graded, and with no suggestions as to their 
application. The presumption that the 
copies as they appear can be taught with 
any well-digested method, or executed by 
any pupil with the proper movement— with- 
out having that movement scientifically de- 
veloped — is simply preposterous. 

A copybook is a necessary evil, and 
must abide its growth and decay. 

My objections do not extend to written 
or printed copies, properly graded and ac- 
companied with oral or printed ins'ruc- 
tions; nor can there be the least objection 
offered to a system of penmanship which 
covers the ground both as to matter and 

The debatable point is simply with the 
book of copies, with no instruction and no 
provision for any. 

The question is not what shall we do with- 
out the copybook, but what shall we do 
with it to render it more effective under 
adverse circumstances. 

My objection to it in iis literal sense is 
not greater than that for the taper or 
candle when it is possible to be in posses- 
sion of gas or elec'ric light. What the 
copybook has done and is doing in the ab- 


■ pule 


. aiuu 

ment against an improvement which i 
ceded beyond a peradventure 1-v capable 
and competent connoisseurs No objection 
can be offered against the " tallow-dip" or 
candle when nothing better is at hand. Yet 
there is room for censure in their use when 
other and better means are within easy 

I have no desire to do without the copy- 
book, if it assumes a shape which will give 
increased interest and results. I simply 
deny its efficacy in practical results with 
its present status, and were I compelled to 
use it without any adulteration I would 
seek some other field of labor. 

I don't want any one to attempt to leach 
writing without some system both as to 
forms employed and methods used ; and I 
know I voice the professional intelligence 
of our hand when I say that an engraved 
copy in the hands of the average learner 
with no oral or printed instructions cannot 
do more than the records already show. Is 
this enough? If not, what must »>e done? 
Improvement in **■ 
Let us 

^ Tilt PENMAN'S 

insure encouragement in the development 
of a growth, which, under favorable con- 
ditions, is as sure as it is si ii-ntili< 

It cannot he denied that the methods in 
the shape of printed analysis has proven 
practically worthless and been discarded. 
As a substitute there is to be found a 
" writing staff " — containing the principles, 
small and capital letters— giving height and 
width of letters with an arrangement sup- 
posed to be in an order of simplicity, but 
the various reputed authors are so at vari- 
ance that the question of authority is some- 
what puzzling. 

To the average person a copy is the 
essence of all lb;il is necessary. A copy is 
the simple showing of a result, and a result 
without an exposition of the means and 
methods leading to its development is prac 
tically worthless. A poor writer— which is 
equivalent to the average teacher — is incap- 
able of formulating a plan worthy a name, 
and so seeks through the sense of sight only 
to reach a result which requires additional 
sense and senses. Our best arithmetics not 
only contain results in the shape of answers, 
but by means and methods supply sufficient 
material to meet the growing demands of 
our day, and yet with all, the teacher, the 
live teacher, the enthusiastic teacher is re- 
garded as an additional necessity to work 
any revolution. With all the available sup- 
portboth in author and teacher you will find 
numberless children from twelve and fifteen 
years of age who cannot work with accur- 
acy problems in Long Division. Why 
then, should there he any expression of 
wonder when writing is not developed with 
both method and means almost entirely re- 

Who is better capable of providing the 
methods than the authors themselves 1 

Of course the teacher must be the means 
through which the methods are made effec- 
tive. The publishers must be on the qui 
vine, and our honorable and noble bodies 
who serve the public so faithfully and gra- 
tuitously must not be derelict in duty if a 
noble ambition is ever satisfied. 

Author of ApplttOn's Standard Sytttm of /Vn- 

Tliere is no book used in the public 
schools— excepting arithmetics — which, if 
excluded from the list of school supplies, 
would cause greater detriment to the chil- 
dren than the exclusion of properly 
arranged copybooks. 

No other text-books have had more 
thought, experience, and growth in their 
composition than copybooks— not even 
readers — and they will continue to hold 
the field so long as graceful forms in writ- 
ing continue to please the eye and cultivate 
the taste. Beautiful copies educate the eye 
of the pupil, helping him to form correct 
ideals of the letters. They are silent moni- 
tors, transmitting the work of the best pen. 
men to hundreds of thousands of pupils in 
our public schools, and by their use in al 
most every school in the land have revolu. 
lionized writing, giving to American pen- 
manship a truly characteristic style. 

The means and methods for securing 
approximate results have been and are of 
appreciable value, as the handwriting of 
thousands and tens of thousands of pupils 
graduating from our public schools every 
Improvement in means 
is constantly going on in 
, all other branches. The 
great body of intelligent teachers through 
out the country, with the educational 
facilities that they enjoy, are not the men 
and women to adhere to dead forms of 
teaching, or any forms that do not produce 
adequate results. As a professional teache r 
n f npi- '-siiip.'I have found my best co- 
■•i;e teachers, on 
-'ion and 

this branch. It must be admitted that many 
indifferent writers are excellent teachsn of 
writing. They have a high ideal of the 
work, they inspire their pupils with ear- 
nestness in their practice, and they reap cor- 
responding results If unable to make 
beautiful forms themselves, they have defi- 
nite knowledge of the forms and of the 


rill testify, 
and methods is a 
penmanship u 

where they eatinot execute. 

It has been my pleasure to meet many in- 
different writers— among school teachers — 
who could get their pupils to far excel their 
intfructTrsm producing beautiful, graceful 
writing. The enthusiastic teacher is bound 
to succeed with writing, as with everything 
else. So much to the credit of our 

Since copybooks combine models, instruc- 
tion and application, they furnish belter 
assistance to pupils, outside of a teacher, 
than any other text books. It would be 
possible for any boy or girl of ordinary 
capacity, outside of any school, with 
modern copybooks to practice in, to be- 
come good writers. 

The question reduces itself to one of 
methods. What is best suited to the school- 
room of to-day ? That which produces the 
best results with the least expenditure of 
time and effort is the desideratum. 

Any system of penmanship that does not 
provide for and insist upon movement exer- 
cises, is not up with advanced thought and 
practice. Movement should be the funda- 
mental principle. Systematized "Move- 
ment Drills " should figure largely in every 

ditions, where writing is only incident- 
ally taught along with their other studies. 

The success of writing in our public 
schools must depend mainly upon the use 
of copybooks under the instruction of the 
average teacher. 

I believe that qualification in writing 
should be an essential with qualification iu 
other branches. Not that every teacher 
should be an expert penman, but that they 
should understand the underlying princi- 
ples of form and movement which consti; 
tute the science of penmanship. Their 
best allies in teaching will be the best copy- 
books ; and these last will still guide the 
great multitude of pupils to the attainment 
of a good handwriting. 

Hartford, Conn , January, 1988. 

Mrs. Cleveland's Handwriting. 
It is a rule, rarely if ever broken iu any 
of the departments and bureaus of the 
Gov. rnment at Washington as well as in 
the Executive Mansion, that all letters re- 
ceived which do not in themselves violate 
the rules of courtesy shall be answered in 
some manner, even if only to acknowledge 
the fact that they were received. 

Mrs. Cleveland, ou whom no official obli- 
gations rests, voluntarily follows this rule of 
replying to all letters she receives so far as 
is possible. She is very prompt, too, in 
writing her answers to letters whenever 
practicable, and has remarkable facility 
in expressing herself in a few words, while 
seeming to say all that is necessary. Her 

Quantity— Quality. 

Speed- Writing Emplutl loill y I ieieu.le.1. 

Editor of The Journal:— As a teaoafl 
of practical writing. I feel it my duty to 
enter a vigorous protest against some of 
the Ideas advanced in Mr. Fox's article in 
the January Journal, and which wen- 
seconded by editorial comment in the same 

Mr. Fox ridicules the idea of teaching 
speed, and of giving the pupil a numerical 
standard of speed to go by iu bis practlca 
and. unfortunately, the editor of The 
Journal endorses this view, on the ground 
that some pupils are naturally slow while 
others are naturally quick. 

Ordinary long-hand writing is at best s 
slow and laborious method of communicat- 
ing or recording thought, and I cannot 
imagine any person so destitute of ambition 
nnd business tendencies as to regard the 
matter of speed in writing as being of little 
importance. In fact I am anxious to put 
myself on record as earnestly contradicting 
the editorial comment that "to the vast 
majority of writers speed is of very little 
consideration compared with legibility." 
And, by the way. why this harping on 
"legibility?" Does not the very term, 
"teaching writing," imply legibility? And 
who ever heard of anyone tenchim: ilh _■ i i q , ■ 
writing? This matter of "neatnes" and 
" legibility " and "perfection." without rr- 
ga/rd to speed, embodies the old school-room 
idea that the pupil must have something 
"nice" to show his parents and to exhibit 



a Capital Commercial College, Pun HoIik-h, Io 

writicg lesson. The Western professor is 
right in insisting upon movement drills — 
but all this is in the legitimate province 
of the. copybook — and the properly nrranged 
series contains books especially designed 
for this purpose. 

It is just as "lawful and proper" to 
teach movement by the use of copybooks as 
by the "printed slip " method. Pen, ink 
and paper must be brought into use, and 
the paper in copybooks is just as good, 
usually better than loose sheets. There is 
no reason why movement should be disas- 
sociated from copybooks. Neither should 
it be disassociated from the regular, daily 
writing. Every lesson should combine this 
training of the muscles with the study of 
form in practical work. First, the move- 
ment drill, then its application to regularly- 
spaced copies. 

The average teacher, with progressive 
copybooks, can get excellent results, with 
good movement and practical rate of speed. 
The professional teacher is of course more 
independent of copybooks ; but professional 
teachers cannot be employed in sufficient 
numbers to cover the ground. 

The professional teachers — those who 

teach adult, pupils largely — should remem. 

ber that there is a great difference between 

the conditions under which writing is 

taught in business colleges, with an hour or 

■■>.= for daily practice, and the condi- 

' : ' is taught in public 

:oils. and with 

r week. If 

ard copy- 

handwriting, while as stylish in appearance 
as that of the ultra-fashionable quill-pen 
affecting scrawlers, is still (unlike the ladies 
of that class) perfectly legible. She does 
not lay herself open to the charge a bright 
man recently preferred against the fashion- 
able womcu whose writing no one can easily 
read, if at all, to wit, that "not knowing 
how to spell, they purposely write so that 
their failures in orthography cannot be 
readily detected," 

Tliou art mightier, 'tis well said, 
Than the conquering sword's kee» blade. 
Piercing with thy pointed WordB 
All bat Truth, whioh is the Lords ! 
Oh, Pen ! The age of force and wrong 
Evanishes, and Thou urt strong ! 
Thou, championed in the eager tight 
Where Right wins victory over Might ! 
Ply still— and yet again— the blow 
Whioh lays the tyrant, Error, low t 


Thy triumphs, Pen, who shall portray t 
Forgotten things of perished clay 
Were Kings and Conquerors of the earth, 
Ilad'st thou not given thy second birth 
To deeds that perish not with age I 

I hall t 

i if mL'hty dt'fis, ln-nm.- Pen ' 
Weak were- the sword, and coiirjiierors nought, 
But for the glories thou hast wrought ! 

KnoxvtiU, ftnn.t&epUmbtr, 1887. 

You will rind our new premium schedule 
very interesting. We offer no shoddy, 
catch-penny premiums and guarantee goods 
to be what they are represented to be. 

on the last day, etc. We who profess to 
be practical teachers of practical writing 
should look beyond the school-room. 

And right here let me ask: Where do we 
find iUegibU penmanship? In the school- 
room or outside the school-room? Who 
ever saw school-room writing that was not 
legible? If writing that is legible in 
school-room becomes illegible outsideof the 
school-room when applied to practical or 
business purposes, is there not a screw 
loose somewhere? 

And now. why the absurdity of teach- 
ing speed? Why the absurdity of setting 
up a numerical standard of motion for the 
learner? The editor of The Journal says 
it is absurd because "some arc naturally 
slow and some naturally quick." hi nee, as 
I understand it, the slow-poke should be al- 
lowed to go his own way. and the quick 
one may rip and tear on a 2:10 basis. 

But laying satire aside, while it is tech- 
nically true that persons differ in their 
make-up with regard to celerity of action, 
in my opinion this is too shallow a techni- 
cality on which to strand the grand element 
of speed and unifoiunty of motion in teach- 
ing writing. Swiftness and celerity of mo- 
tion in writing is something that can lie 
developed— aye, it is something that should 
be developed, and is not a teacher justified 
in giving certain standards of speed, such 
as in his judgment all can attain to? In 
class work this is done principally by count- 
ihg, or by " beating time "—out in Nebraska 
they are said to use the riddle. 

In giving lessous through the penman's 
papers, we resort to the "numerical stand 
ard" by telling the learner to make a cer- 
tain number of strokes per minute. But 

Mr. Fox ridicules this idea, and says: 
'■ Would it not be better for the professor 
to plaee before his pupils his best efforts 
and ask from hi- pupils theft 
irrespective of quantity'/" Yes. it might 
be better "for the professor," but not for 
bis pupils. This idea is the very embodi- 
ment of the old copybook idea of teaching 
writing — place before the pupilthe hest ef- 
forts (of the engraver) and then let the help- 
less pupil "root, hog, or die," his own 

I am not very fond of ridiculing any- 
body's ideas, but I trust I may be pardoned 
for smiling at the following from Mr. Fox's 

"A few comparisons to show the pre- 
posterousness of the speed advocacy I be- 
lieve will strengthen my argument. Imagine 
a Meissonier turning out so many yards of 
canvas in so many minutes; an engraver 
endeavoring to make so many Hues or stip- 
ples per minute; the crayon-artist trying to 

The teacher of writing who considers " per- 
fection " as the result to he sought is almost 
without exception a poor stick of a teacher, 
as many of our prominent business college 
men will testify. 

Perfection of form without regard to 
speed! Will the hundreds of teachers of 
practical writing who read TnE Journal 
let such doctrine as this pass unchallenged? 
Imagine the bookkeeper, with so much 
work to be done in a certain time; or the 
bill clerk, who has io have his bill ready by 
the time the "caller" is through calling; or 
the correspondent, with a stack of mail be- 
fore him to be answered; or the student at 
school, with essays and grammar lessons, 
etc., to copy; or anybody who has business 
writing to do — and who has not? Imagine 
"perfection" without regard to speed as 
applied to their work. Don't let us draw 
the artist, the engraver and the poet for 
advice and argument concerning business 

to music. Or suppose the fellow should 
conclude that he is naturally slow, and tell 
his girl by his side that it would be " pre- 
posterous" for anybody to expect them to 
keep steps, and thus they would see-saw up 
Majn street together without any numerical 
standard of motion! 

I would fain say more in support of 
speed in teaching writing, but this article is 
long enough. I am thoroughly sincere iu 
what I have said, and have tried to make 
this article as mild and as free from satire 
as the articles and doctrines attacked would 
permit. Fraternallv, 

Valparaiso, Ind. 

We i 

E. K. Isaa 

least pleased that between Mr. 
Fox and The Journal Brother Isaacs has 
been induced to present so good an arlicle as 
is the foregoing to our readers. The chief 
criticism that we have to pronounce upon the 

cover with his stomp so much paper per 
minute; the designer originating so many 
ideas per minute; or a Longfellow so many 
feet of verse per minute. Do any of the 
above named vocations derive any of their 
Iwauty through speed? If not, why place 
Bucb great stress in requiring a certain 
quantity of work to be executed in a certain 
length of time, when quantity is not the 
result sought?" 

I Qoamuch as these comparisons are wholly 
foreign to the subject of writing, we might 
as well continue this table of argumentative 
comparisons and imagine an old woman 
telling so many yarns per minute; or a 
country parson saying bo many prayera per 
minute; or old dog Tray gnawing so many 
bones per minute. 

Tin- fun i« the work of the McUsonier, 

and of the engraver, and of the cray on-artist. 

Quantity? As well might we try to teach 
form without movement as to teach quality 
without quantity. Form and movement 
must be taught together. Quality and 
quantity must go hand in hand. The teacher 
of busiuess writing who does not teach 
with a view to developing in his pupils cap- 
acity for quantity— in other words, power 
to write easily and rapidly— certainly does 
not thoroughly comprehend his duties and 

Absurd to drill a class in concert by beat- 
ing time — or. in other words, by a " numeri- 
cal standard of motion?" Motion or time 
in writing is closely related to time in music. 
Suppose a music teacher should conclude 
that because some members of his class are 
naturally slow and some quick, therefore it 
is absurd to give them a numerical standard 
rather give them his best ef. 

ando! the designer, and of Longfellow, has . forts," and then lell them to go ahead. Or 

j"tM08 m common with business writing suppose the captain of a company of soldiers 

eriection "—by which I uuppoaeMr. Fox should get it into his head that some of his 

oracy of form-is not the Alphc men are slow and some quick, and that it 

and Omega of writing, U Mr, Fox claim,, would be absurd to require them to march 

article is the misapprehension under which 
Mr, Isaacs refers to our own article. We 
think he should have read it a second time 
before writing his reply. He should have 
observed that when we criticise the idea of 
uniform drill, or numerical standard for 
pupils, we mentiou specifically its applica- 
tion to miscellaneous classes. 

lie asks: "Whoever heard of anyone 
teaching illegible writing ?" Here is one of 
his misapprehensions. We spoke of illegi- 
ble writing in practice, not in teaching. We 
do not presume that any teacher has ever 
purposely taught illegible writing. 

It is not our purpose to defend generally 
Mr. Fox's article. We stated at the opening 
of our comment upon it that we did not 
wish to be understood as agreeing with him 
in all the points made. Perhaps we should 
have been more specific as to the things with 
which we did and did not accord. The pur- 
pose of our comment was mainly to invite 
attention to the article and to sanction the 
points which we specifically mentioned. In 
general we agree with Mr. Isaacs. The 

chief difference is thai be writes and speaks 
particularly from the standpoint of a husi- 
nesa college or professional teacher, who 
has to deal with advanced pupils. In our 
article we wrote from another standpoint, 
that of a public school or unprofesalnol 
writing teacher, who may have under his 
tuition pupils ranging from seven to twenty 
years of age, with advancement as varied as 
their ages, and where the teacher's time is 
so overtaxed with the number and variety of 
recitations and duties growing out of the in- 
struction of such a heterogeneous class of 
pupils as of necessity to limit, the time fm 
instruction in writing to a few minutes once 
or twice per week. 

To be more specific, suppose a teacher 
were to call upon Brother Isaacs and say : 
" I am conducting in one of the rural towns 
of this State a public school, numbering 
fifty pupils, the youngest seven, the oldest 
twenty years of age. In the rudiments of 
reading and spelling I have ten pupils whose 
ages and attainments are so different as to 
admit of no classication, and therefore re- 
quire individual instruction. I have among 
the more advanced pupils three reading 
classes, three classes in written arithmetic, 
two in mental, three classes in geography, 
three classes in spelling, a class in algebra, 
two in history, three classes in English 
grammar," and several other studies which 
we will not mention. "I can only devote 
one-half hour two days in the week to writ- 
ing. My school being located in a farming 
district, the demand for the assistance of the 
boys and girls at home is such that the 
average period of their attendance at school 
is limited to four or six months per year, 
mauy not continuing beyond Ihe age of four, 
teen. I find, also, that the majority have no 
purpose but to follow the avocation of their 

"What would you advise with reference to 
the instruction of writing ? I have no spe- 
cific training in the best professional meth- 
ods of teaching writing or movement, and 
with only one hour per week at my disposal 
for instruction in this branch. Would you 
advise that I dispense with copybooks and 
give special attention to drill for arm move- 
ment, and have my pupils write on time 1" 
What says Brother Isaacs ? Of course the 
teacher and he might deplore, as we do 
most earnestly, the circumstances ; but our 
statement is simply of the facts as they pre- 
vail with reference to a vast majority of the 
schools in the rural districts of this country 
in which the great preponderence of boys 
and girls are now receiving their only edu- 
cation in writing, as well as other branches. 
Now, we say that here is a state of cir- 
cumstances which, in our judgment, justi- 
fies precisely the expression made in our 
January issue, " that legibility is of para- 
mount importance," and that to spend a 
large proportion of the time upon the move- 
ment exercises under the circumstances 
would be an injustice to the pupil and folly 
on the part of the teacher ; first, becausethe 
time and circumstances forbid that such a 
movement with legibility can be mastered ; 
and secondly, if mastered it would be of lit- 
tle or no use to the pupil, because as Brother 
Isaacs and every professional teacher of 
writing in the United States must concede, 
practically the muscular 



of the muscles in practice. We are all 
aware how difficult after a long rest even by 
professionals it is to write at all freely upon 
the muscular movement, and how almost 
inevitably persons who are not in thorough 
exercise fall buck to the finger movement. 

We regret that such are the facts. We 
would that time and circumstances were 
such that every person who writes could ac- 

Suire and use the combined forearm and 
nger movement. Were we speaking from 
Mr. Isaacs' standpoint, we should^ speak 
very much as he does. 

We would say to the young men and 
women having advance of years and train- 
ing, who now enter a business college or 
special school for writing : " You probably 
purpose to engage in some business or pro- 
fessional calling in which you will require 
to use more or less extensively the pen. You 

should, tlnrefore. spare in. pinns to acquire 

the beat possible facility for the execution of. 
good, legible writing," and we would 
urge the absolute necessity of a thorough 
mastery of the "muscular" movement, 
and extent' Ihe special drill upon movement 
that end. We would say that 
pupils are already familiar with 
should become of 
ml with well classi- 
fied pupilswe would sanction and even com- 
mend time drill. 

In illusion, we have only to say that 

it is our belief that when Bro. Isaacs and 
the editor of The -Iiukn ai hold forth from 
the same standpoint respiting the teaching 
and pnirfire of writing there is but little 
ground for a fight. 

^Dcp'f of ^ftottoqTapfttyi 

The Study of Phonography. 

A tick is « straight stroke one-fourth the 
length of a t, and, with the exception of 
tlie tick for who-m, unshaded ; B brief sign 
is half a small circle. 

177. There are six ticks and four brief 
signs used in phrases. Three of the ticks 
(/, of, to, who, whom) arc used independently 
and have already been given. 



-_ who, whom... 
we would, way.. 3 

17*. The lick for I musl always be in the 
direction of ch or upward r. It does 
not govern position, but the word which 
follows is written in position. It is be 
written initially, finally, or between words. 

I hope.'N I helieve.*VJ suppose.. £•»... 

I am..*"^ I kno* *s„> If I may\ 

^"179, The tick for I is always written up- 
ward before can and could, and downward 
before am. 

180. The lick for I takes the hooks for 
/ni r> urn] am and the n book for not— al- 
ways being written downward for Z /wet* and 
upward for I will. 

i 1 ] 


181. The tick for a, an and and at the 
beginning of a phrase is invariably written 
in the direction of p. After another word, 
it is written in the direction of p, ch, or 
upward r. It does not govern the position 
of a phrase. 

(The one exception to this ride is in the 
case of and hit which is written in the first 
position to distinguish it from to Ida.) 

A man*^ 1 end all.< an oath. ..(.... . 

under a!s^. for a momentV^^.. .. 

182. The tick is never used for an when 
the n hook can be used. 

183. The tick for he is used initially only 
— never alone — and must be perpendicular 
or horizontal, It does not govern the posi- 



184. The tick for the (same as that for he) 
is never used abme and only finally. It is 
used when the cannot be represented Id b 
phrase by halving, or by changing a circle 
to a loop; that is, after a double length, 
half length, loop, or stem that does not 
make an angle with the preceding stem. 

185. When the eon or ing dot would be 
used, /. of, a, an or the may be prefixed nr 
added by writing the tick in the place of the 


• ni lha v ..putting a.... s 


of contract! > of comnittee T 


nmend.rSw! I condemn.. .Ur*.. 

186. The tick f or of is written either 
ward or downward (according to con' 
ience In joining), but always in the di 
of ch. 

each lo 

187. The ticks for to, who and whom, uu- 
like the other ticks and the brief signs, 
govern position ; that is, if joined initially 
must be in the same position as .when 
written alone. 

188. The tick for who or whom, in the 
direction of eh \s the only shaded tick, and, 
of course, always written downward. 

189. The lick for to is written in ti 

direction of /». ami joined mostly to bori 
outal and half length steins. 

ill circle 

ft) is used 
tuid initially," medially and 
finally, aud for way 6nally. 


191. The upper or li 
■ircle is used for you i 
ally and finally. 

if you were ihere.^^ 

192. The brief sign is generally used at 
the end of a phrase if convenient, hut if a 
word follows you or your that can be writ- 
ten with a hook the stem is used tor you or 
i/'.'ir in order I" provide a place for the hook. 

193. Ticks and brief signs are combined 
with each other and with circles and loops. 
It is important to remember that the ticks 
for/, a. an, ami, he, tl»\ of and the brief 
signs do not, when used initially, determiue 
the position of ihe phrase, unless in case of 
licks being used exclusively when the first 
is written in its own position. 

194 In the phrase how mould, and in that 
only, how is represented by a tick. 


195. To write any word containing a full 

length stem so that that stem will come 
entirely below the line shows thai to 01 too 
precedes it. This is called the fourth con- 
sonant positiou. 

196. Only words containing a full le 
or double length stem are written in 
fourth pusition. 

Leasou XXXI. 

Ltmn \\\n. 

.I bav< been would t 

i great deal of their 

you did not know 

i understand of n 

and is )t 

ami 1 liavi 

»I1<1 I Will 

iiiitu i;iii'l thither 

he WOUld 1 


Q. (Where do you reside ?) 

A, (In the city of New York,) 2,271 First 
Avenue. (I have been) (in New York) (a 
year) last April. 

Q. (What is your) ace? 

A. (I ibiuk) (1 will be) forty -serin next 

Q. (Was thai) paper served (on you) by 
Parsons or Webb (in ibis case?) 

A. (Yes, sir.) Mr. S. A. Webb served it 

Q. At (what plao ) and (what time ?) 

A. (In the city of New York) and (on this 
day) week. 

Q. (Did you) appear here (in answer) (to 
that) Biibpccna ? 

A. (Yes, sir.) 

Q, (You say you) told Parsons (en his) 
(asking you) (if you) remembered seeing 
Curtiss serve the summons (that you) did 
(see it?) 

A (Yes, sir) 

Q. (You thought) (you would have) him 
subpoena you (and then) (go hack) (on him) 
and (would not) swear (to the) stories (you 
bad)t< Id before. 

A. 1 1 would not) swear (lo a) lie. 

Q. You told Webb that story (in New 
York)(witb the) same motive? 

A. Undoubtedly : (and I have) written (to 
tbem) before. 

Q. Aud (you say) (you have) written (to 
them) (that you) remembered the story t 

A. (No, sir ;) (I have) written them to let 
me alone. (I think) (I did) write (to Webb) 
(that I) did remember it. (I am) positive (I 
did.). (When I) wrote (to Webb) (I can't) 
tell. (I did) answer that letter (of the) 18th 
of March (I think ;) (I cannot be) positive ; 
(but my) impression is that (I did.) (I do 
not) recollect (what the) letter contained. 

Q, (Do you remember) (whether you) 
stated (in that) letter (that you) did remem- 
ber (what was) contained (in bis) letter ? 

A (I think) (I did.) 

Q. What motive (would you hare) in 
(stating thai) (if it) (was not) true ? 

A. To get the money (out of) Parsons, to 
pet what belonged (to me) (out of) him. 
That letter (to him) (is thisi paper shown 
me. (That is) my writing. The letter di- 
rected me (to telegraph ;) I answered it (in 
tbia waj 1 by telegraph and (said this), "use- 
less writing, (I say) yes." 

Q (About bow many times) (in your) ex 
perienci (have you) tried to get money (out 
of) men (in that) kind (of a) waj i 

A. Never (in my life.) 

Q, (Never before ?) 

A. Never, (I am not) one (of thall kindfof 

Q u leu (did the) idea flrsi come <int<> 
your) head of getting money (oul of) PM> 

A The idea (that he) wanted (to manu- 
facture) evidence en me ( inlu my) bead (when 

he) (began to) draw downal Gordon's cor- 
ner-. iTiiat waa) tin ■fiist (of it.) 

CJ. (Do you mean to say) (that you were 
null is ing (to Webb) and Pai sons (all Ben 

way) through to gel money tout of them v ) 

A. (I was) lying to get (my own) money 
(out of) him, to get my (50 back, and (tttra 
wasi iwhat the) $50 was offered (to me) for] 

(I did n->l) mean (when I) telegraphed to 
O'Brien to get money (out of) bis side. 

Q. (Didn't, you) expect (that yt WOUtfl 

be)mel (by bim)(in answer)(to thatjteltf 

A. (I didn't) really expect it ; (I thought) 
(it was) probable. 

<l (Tell me) a word or sentence used by 
Webb in eitheriuterview (upon which) (you 
say) (you understood) (thai, he) wanted to 
gel 7ou)(toaweari false? 

A. (He would) (pay me) well (when I) 
(would come) up here. (He bad) (had that) 
execution of judgment against me all fixed, 
satisfied and (he would do) several things, 
and (I must recollect) this and (must recol- 
lect) that, and leading me on telling me all 
(about it). (I said) yes, yes. yes. 

(J. What thing (did bc> (tell you) (lliat 
you must recollect) (that you) (had not) 
(tnld him) before, ithat you) did recollect ? 

A (I must recollect) his father; (he did 
not) look (so much) like Parsons (as his) 
other brother; (he was) a tall, gray-headed 

Q. (What other) thing (did he) (tell you) 
a-hleifrom that) (you must recollect) his 
father, (that you) (had not) before mentioned 
(to Webb) or Parsons? 

A. (Take the) whole conversation. 

Q. (I ask you) for any particular word or 

A (1 have) stated several. 

Q. (Was there) (any other?) 

A. (I can't) tell ; (I don't think of any 
other) not mt present ,) (as it was) suggested 
(to me) (I might j (I did) tell Webb thai lit 
was) difficult (for me) to get away (from my) 
employers; was engaged (in the) directory 

business there (in New York City,) and 
difficult (for me) to get away; li did not) 
tell him) (I did not want) (to lose) my time; 
(I did not ask)Slatterly (to introduce me) to 

O'Brie to) Ryan. 

(A phonographic transcript of the above will ha 
sent to any Bubstuiber who sends an addroseil ami 
stumped envelope to Mrs. L. 11 Packard, 101 E 

Phonographic Notes. 

The general rule for position of phrases 
that the lirst word must be written in poi 
tion. There arc two exceptions; 

1. A circle for as or ftasmay be wriltt 
anywhere above, or even on the Hue, 
order to bring the next word in position 

3. WhentheticksforJ.t^.a, an.and, ai 
the brief signs for wt and would are on 
initially, the word which follows must I 
written in position. 

If the tick is used for of it is best to di 
pensc entirely with proximity for of, T< 
many ways of writing a word are b 

The ticks for to aud who-m, when writte 
nitially, must always he written in pos 

and who-m. 

With this number of The JOURNAL Ihe 
regular lessons in phonography are com- 
pleted. The next number will contain a 
list of words and phrases which it is neces- 
sary to distinguish by difference of outllna 
notes on omissions of consonants, syllables, 
words, etc. 

Mr. Miner, of the Phonographic World, 
knows that it is possible for at least two 
persons to write 260 words a minute. He 
wit jessed privately a test at Alexandria Hay 
1 1 ,i .miHiicr in which Mr. Isaac S Dement, 
Of Chicago, wrote in the first trial of one 
minute 259 words and the second minute 

271 words. This he read with only one or 
two trivial errors. Then Mr. Irlrfnd wrote 
247 words in a single minute and read with- 
out :iu error. Mr. Dement, upon a second 
trial, wrote 266 in the tirst minute and 285 
Id the second The January number of the 

Ph-n-urai-hu- \\'<t!<1 has portraits and bio- 
graphical sketches of Messrs. Irland and 

Two men who wire in hard luck met on 
Broadway. One was a bookkeeper and the 
other a mechanical engineer. 

■'1 suppose you are out of a Job, Jack," 
said the bookkeeper. 

"Yes," was the reply, '*and you, un- 
doubtedly, are in the same fix." 

" I am. But I propose to sturt a school 
Tor teaching stenography." 

"A school! What do you know about 
stenography ?" was asked. 

••Nothing. H isn't neceesnry that I 
should. All that I need to do is to buy a 
number of lext-books and keep one lesson 
in advance of the class. Should I fail in 
(bis. I ran have a review of Ih.' previous 
lessons. In ease the review fails, I can 
give the class a vacation."— N. Y Wvening 

The Pitman Testimonial and the 

Stenographer's Association. 

Mr. Miner, of the Phonogmphk World, 
has been guilty of a good thing. He has 
succeeded in raising money enough to buy 
Isaac Pitman a nice present iu memory of 
his fifty years of phonography. 

The present takes the form of a gold 
medal, a copy of which is given herewith, 
It is the gift of the shorthand writers of the 
country, and very properly expresses their 
fealty to the author of phonography. 

The preparation of the medal was put iu 
the binds of Tiffany & Co. under the direc- 
tion of a committee of three, Messrs. Under- 
bill and Munson and Mrs. Burn/, There-port 
of the committee and the tirst exhibition of 
the medal occurred at the rooms of the 
Metropolitan Stenographers' Association on 
Saturday evening. Among ihe more or 
less distinguished persons present were Mr. 
Underbill, Mrs. Burnz, Mr. Bobbins, Mr 
Curliss, Mr. Graham, Mr. and Mrs Miner, 
and various well known reporters from 
New York, Brooklyn ana Jersey ( 'iiv. 

Mr. Underbill gave a very pleasing ac- 
count of the history of shorthand and of 
Mr. Pitman's connection therewith, and was 
followed by Mrs. Buinz in the same vein. 
Mr. Miner and Prof. Kimball were also 
called to their feet and responded with 
great acceptance. 

The Metropolitan Stenographers' Awl- 
elation is very comfortably housed In a 
brown stone mansion corner of 88rd Street 
and 7th Avenue, the first floor of n bice il OC 
enpies, and to which it has recently moved. 
The Association is a little over two years 
Old, and is taking on great strength and im- 
portance. It is under the immediate manage- 
ment of Messrs. Wall, Orth and McMahou 
who are its principal promoters. The mem- 
bership now numbers over two hundred. 

The purpose of the Association is to pro- 
mote fellowship among the shorthand writ- 
ers of the city, and to afford facilities for 
progress in the art. No " system " is para- 
mount, and no author has " the inside 
track." The tendency of the Association is 

clubward ; anil already many of the requi- 
sites of a club-house are clustering around 
the reporters' chairs and tables. The "back 
parlor " is supplied with a pool table, and 
it is said that even the young lady am- 
anuenses are not averse, on proper occas- 
ions, to taking the cue. 

Another feature of the Association, and a 
very wise one, is that of looking out for 
each other iu the matter of positions. — Il is 

said that no member la at present out of a 

place . and if such a thing should occur it 
would be but a brief respite, as the facilities 
for obtaining places are most excellent. 

Death of A. F. Warburton. 
Before this number of Tire Journal shall 
have appeared most of our readers will have 
heard of the death of Mr Warburton, the 
veteran reporter of New York. Mr. War- 
burton has been a ligure iu the shorthand 

interests of this city si 
of the art in our newspaper and 
court work. We publish a portrait 
herewith, taken from the Shorthand 
10 extract a few of the 
paragraphs which accompanied it. 
Mr. Warburton was horn in Ire- 
land. July 12. 1828. His first know- 
ledge of stenography was iu con- 
nection with Moat's system, which 
he picked up during his journalistic 
career in Ireland. Of it he speaks 
as " an impracticable system written 
i« a BCale of five lines, with fifteen 
positions for each character, and 
requiring the memory of a Pascal 
and the manipulation of a Heller, 
yet containing many of the most 
valuable ideas as to shading, double 
and half lengths and hooks, which 
were afterwards worked out so sys- 
tematically by Pitman." He did the 
best he could with this impracti- 
cable system, and if he succeeded in 
nothing else he did succeed in secur- 
ing for himself a degree of persis- 
tency and patience which served 
him well in all his after life. He 
speaks of going to the court of assize in 
Dublin and attempting to report a murder 
trial, where the technical terms rather got 
the better of him. He came to New York 
in '.tl and took a place on the New York 
7Vift«* just then projected. He received great 
consideration from Mr. Raymond, who was 
always his fast friend. Besides being a 
less a shorthand writer at thai time 

he had the advantage of understanding 
typography, and through this knowledge 
got bis first foothold in the Times office. It 
required but little effort to work himself in- 
to the reportorial corps, which he did. and 
was one of that historical number, of whom 
Oliver Dyer was another, called vipon to re- 
portthe political speecbesiu the old " Taber- 
nacle" and Tammany " Wigwam " in the 

anti-helium and anti-slavery times. The first 
law reporting firm established in this State 
was that of Roberts «fc Warburton, crowing 
out of the Broadway Hailroad litigation in 
1868. From this beginning has grown the 
great business of law stinngraphers which 
at present extends to every court of record 
iu this State, as also to the principal cities 
in other States. When the law was passed 
for the appointment of Official Stenograph, 
ersinlbe courts of record in New York 
City Mr. Warburton was one of the firstap- 
poiutees under the act as stenographer to the 
Superior Court, a position which he held 
until the day of his death. Mr. Warburton 
was the only distinguished shorthand writer 
in this country of whom wc know who 
used the Gurney system. This he learned 
in 18(14, feeling it to be a belter system than 
the Moat system which he had practiced up 
to that time. He was one of the few men 
of his profession who through his own assi- 
duity and economy, amassed a enmpi lemr. 
The later years of his work were given to it 
greatly from the love he had of the work it- 
self. He was, a worthy representative of 
the better sort of stenographers, 

(vfien thfl munmonawaB served) A I didn't tell 

him that , 1 t.ilil linn I was iit tin' ears at Ihe time 
n| the Hint saw old Mr. I'iirsnns and Lis 

Q, What did you tell 1dm that for* A. No 

<l Mr. Brown it til tit surest ti.yoii U> write thai? 
V Nnliuily ever sn^'esl.'il it (nine. I think Hint 
was la the second letter 1 wrote to him ; It hap- 
pened to "ecur ti. me just us I w us writing o> him 
—no interest in it any inure than a'iji).nl> umild 

h.-ar Hal HvXn nil >"■■,, !■■ wntl that In him.- 
A. No. sir; I iln tint think anyiliiinr was said be- 
tween me and Brown as to (he particulars uf the 
e'tet.mj «ar 

vicinity, and I 

il Cur- 


There is plenty of it in the world, and i 
is not all of the Itanium variety. Ihirnum 
was a profeanonal humbug, and wrought on 
the principle thai people like to be humbug- 
ged and are willing to pay for it; but he 
always gave them (lie worth of their monpy ; 
so, after all, they had no claim upon him. 
All humbugs are not of this sort. Some are 
very serious, and not at all funny except to 
the humliugger, who pockets the avails 

One of the worst of this species is the fel- 
low who pro/cms to teach shorthand \<y 

mail \\ e umliTsmrr protests \\ illi a pur 

pose, for shorthand can be, and is, taught 

I el I what we know about this sorry inflict ion 
upon the human family ; nor can we advise, 
except to say that no person competent to 
teach by mail will fail to give propei asaur 

anccs of such competence upon application : 
and that in no case should a person be 
Irusted simply upon his own advertising. 
Often the most voluminous and most catch- 
ing advertisers an- the biggest humbugs. 
Look out for such, unless you know (hem. 
II would be to the point to speak of the so- 
called schools of shorthand, which are 
simply " so called," but this might set m in- 
vidious. It is well to know, however, that 
a great many idle short banders are (baiting 
about in the big cities without a chance to 
show Iheir skill, and that the reason is that 
they have no skill to show. Most of them 
we are constrained to believe, are from 
shorthand scbools that don't teach short- 
hand. A World advertiser, wishing to ob- 
tain a shorthand amanuensis claims to have 
received on a single advertisement 11"> re- 
plies The inference islhal I he market for 
amanuenses is overstocked; and yet il is 
known that there is not a well-established, 
reputable school of shorthand in the city 
that can supply the demand made upon it 

for amanuenses. 

The sorriest sort of humbug Is the iht i 

who guarrantecs success to his pupils " in 
three months," with a situation at tbc end , 
but it takes a very innocent fool to he 
caught by this bait. 

The Editor's Leisure Hour. 


Takes teaspoonful of BnfcUsh, 

A modicum of Dutch. 
Of Italian Jnst»tri lie. 
And of Gaelic not too much ; 
Some Kussian and Kpyptisin 
Add tlieu an to the whole, 
With jtiot enoiiRh to flavor 
Of the lingo of the Pole. 
Some Cingalese and Hottentot, 
\ T "". too, of French, 
Of native Scandinavian 
A pretty thorough drench : 
Hungarian and Syriae, 
A pinch of Japanese, 
With just as ranch Ojibbeway 
And Turkish as you please. 
Now stir it gently, boll it well, 
And if you've decent luck, 
The ultimate residuum 
You'll find is Volapuk ! 

What startling results one finds in our 
railway statistics ! We Lave 340,000 miles 
of track — enough to girdle the earth a dozen 
limes, with several thousand miles left for 
side-tracks. More than half of these lines 
were laid down at a cost of $6,000,000,000— 
enough to pay the public debt four times 
over. There are 50,000 engines, 50,000 
passenger coaches, and a million freight- 
cars, and over 4.000 patents have been taken 
out for inventions in railway machinery aud 
appliances. Every year 300,000,000 tons of 
freight are carried. For moving this freight 
the companies receive an average of 1,29 
cents per ton per mile, and for each pas- 
senger carried they get 2.51 cents per mile. 
It requires a half-million employees to run 
all these roads. And yet it only fifty- 
six years ago that Peter Cooper ran the first 
steam car from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills 
at the unparalleled speed of a mile in every 
four and a third 

Aiuateun and Professionals in Literature. 
In no line of human work and endeavor 
is it more difficult to distinguish the profes- 
sional from the amateur than in literature- 
In law, for instance, a student reads certain 
books with an attorney, passes an examina- 
tion before a board of examiners, and re- 
ceives a diploma which certifies that he is a 
member of ihe legal profession. In medi- 
cine the student takes a prescribed course 
of study in a college, he graduates, and is 
privileged to style himself a doctor. There 
are schools for artists, for actors, even for 
farmers; there are no schools for literary 
men. There is not only no schools, there is 
no obvious curriculum which they can pur- 
sue. The mental training which produces 
the professional man of letters (professional 
as distinguished from amateur) is a purely 
subjective one. and it may make no sign 
until a poem, a story, an essay proves that 
the man has not mistaken his vocation. 
This is true of the greatest artists, as well 
as of the humblest of those whom St. Inier 
calls " literary hacks." A man cannot 
learn how to put the best that is in him in 
a form that will be recognizable to the 
reader without long years of secret travail, 
of delight amounting to pain in the works 
of some great writer or writers, of despair- 
ing attempts at emulation. Even a poet is 
made, not born ; but lie is made by such 
subtle and unconscious processes that they 
seem to date all the way back to his birth. 
It is possibly on account of this difficulty in 
differentiating the amateur from the profes- 
sional—on account of the want of some ex- 
ternal sign for deciding his own status— 
that the young aspirant is so iunoceutly, so 
delightfully itin.~Lvppincot?$ Magaeiru for 
S ptemtn r. 

Astronomy iu tlie Country, 

To counterbalance the discomforts of 
winter observations of the stars, the ob- 
server finds that the softer skies of summer 
have no such marvelous brilliants to dazzle 
his eyes as those that illumine the hyemal 
heavens. To comprehend the real glories 
of the celestial sphere in the depth of win- 
ter one should spend a few clear nights En 
the rural districts of New York or New 
England, when the hills, chid with spark- 
ling blankets of crusted snow, reflecl the 
glitter of the living sky. In the pure 
frosty air the stars seem splintered and 
multiplied indefinitely, and the brighter 
ones shine with a splendor of light and 

color unknown to the denizen of the smoky 
city, whose eyes are dulled and blinded by 
the glare of street-lights. There one may 
detect the delicate shade of green that lurks 
in the imperial blaze of Sirius, the beauti- 
ful rose-red light of Aldebaran, the rich 
orange hue of Betelgeuse, the blue-white 
radiance of Rigel, and the pearly luster of 
Capella. If you have never seen the starry 
heavens except as they appear from city 
streets and squares, then, I had almost said, 
you have never seen them at all, and es- 
pecially in the winter is this true. I wish 
I could describe to you the impression that 
they can make upon the opening mind of a 
country boy, who, knowing as yet nothing 
of the little great world around him, stands 

come terrible when met in close quarters. 
VPfl turned suddenly into a narrow sort of 
alley, repulsive beyond description, and 
here Fatima drew back— sniffing propheti- 
cally. I urged her a little and she went 
forward, but presently I saw that we had 
to meet a long line of camels, heavily laden 
with crates of ten, each about theauseand 
shape of the "pressed hay" packages so 
common in America. I could not imagine 
how we could pass Ibem. and yet I feared 
to turn about,' even had there been space 
enough, which was doubtful. Fatima 
sprang close to the wall, drawing her littie 
hoofs and slender legs almost under her. I 
followed her example and leaned against 
the dingy adobe mass, while the long line 


-^^Z^^/4^'-^?^ > 

^^^^A-i^V 1 

( 6ftirZ4^ 'JC&frdlS 




in the yawning silence of night and be- 
holds the inimitably great world above 
him, looking deeper than thought can go 
into the shining vistas of the universe, and 
overwhelmed with the wonder of those 
marshaled suns.— From "Astronomy with 
an Optra-Glass," by Garrett P 8eniu,tn 
Popular Science Monthly for February. 

In the Streets of Peking. 
Among other dread sights we passed and 
met long camel trains, heavily laden, and 
winding their way through the dingy 
alleys, literally led by the nose, one driver 
to every six or eight camels fastened by 
rings and cords drawn through their noses. 
One does not like to think ill of camels, 
those patient, long-suffering beasts that 
look so picturesque under the palm-trees in 
pictures of oriental landscape; but a near 
acquaintance with them is very disillusion- 
ing. They are both sly and vicious, and V 

tiled their tea crates past us, swaying their 
heads and loug matted manes from sida to 
side, and grazing against us as ihey went. 
Each one eyed us with a malicious glance 
from their small, evil-looking eyes, which 
suggesteda longing to strike out a ferocious 
blow from one of lliose powerful, noiseless 
feet, 3ut their glances were met by looks 
of scorn and defiance on the part of Fattma, 
mingled perhaps with a little fear, for she 
evidently knew our danger. With her body 
fairly thitlened against the wall— and yet 
not pressing me harshly— she laid her small 
ears, which were never quiet, close bach 
and turned her head toward the camels. 
Her nostrils dilated and reddened, her 
lips parted, aud the tine, squarely-set teeth 
showed betweeu, while her enormous, vigil- 
ant eyes were fixed on the camels and 
flashed an " at your peril " look at each one 
as the interminable train .slowly wended its 
uncouth way past us, leaving us both quiv- 
ering together as one poor aspen leaf in 
the autumn wind. — 01 in I fishy- Seward, in 
January Wid\ Awake, 

No exact estimate of the time and money 
required to finish the canal can be made] as 
much of the data needed is unknown. M. 
Charles de Lcsseps said to me : " In two 
years the canal will be finished from Colon 
to kilometre forty-four, and from La Bora 
to Paraiso. As to the Culehra I leave you 
to form your own conclusions It is a great 
and difficult work." 

It is evident that the rate of excavation in 
a work of such magnitude must be small 
until the plant is complete; it is equally 
true that more work can be done in a given 
lime with a complete installation than with 
oDe of less size. Hence it is false reasoning 
to conclude that if 32.000.000 cubic metres 
are excavated in five will require 
twelve years to extract ibe remaining 73,- 
000.000. That such reasoning is absurd is 
shown by the cube of last year, which was 
11,727,000 cubic metres. At this rate it 
would require about seven years to complete 
the canal. It is not probable that this rate 
will be exceeded materially for a year or 

Keeping in mind the sum already ex- 
pended, and the purposes to which it was 
applied, it is unreasonable to presume that 
the final cost of the canal will be less than 
2,000,000,000 francs, or about $375,000,000, 
These figures are now acknowledged bj the 
company; but owing to the great sacrifice 
at which the loans are obtained, the liabili- 
ties of the company will be nearly double 
this amount. 

Any views concerning the completion of 
the canal by the present company must be 
conjectural; but if the present loan be ex- 
pended with economy, the results will en- 
hance the prospects of success. 

At Colon there were many residents and 
foreigners not interested in the canal. The 
most bitter opponents of the enterprise were 
Americans and Englishmen, or former em- 
ployees^of the company who had been dis- 
charged or had a similar grievance. But 

that the company has both brains and 
energy, that the canal presents no insuper- 
able obstacles, and that its completion is a 
question of time and money.— .From "Pro- 
gress at Panama" hy Lfeutenant Charlee c 
Rogers, in Popular Science 

Mail Packages by the Million. 

York Post Office for a Year. 

Postmaster Pearson, of New York City, 
recently completed his work in compiling 
and arranging the reports from the superin- 
tendents of the several departments of the 
Post Office, and fovind that in 1887 there 
were delivered through lock boxes and by 
carriers 276,483.5*0 pieces of ordinary mail 
matter, divided as follows : Letters, through 
boxes, 52,911,851 ; by carriers. 112,872,278 ; 
postal cards, through boxes, 8,427,042 ; by 
carriers. 30.007,959; other mail matter 
through boxes, 29,728,557; by carrier?, 

In the Registered Letter Department 
1.220,90(1 pieces were delivered. 781,048 of 
domestic and 472,850 of foreign origin re- 
corded and distributed to other offices. In 
the Distribution Department a total of 
58,813,761 were handled, divided as fol- 
lows: Letters, of local origin, 140,580,645 ; 
received by mail. 28,401,128; foreign dis- 
patched, 20,590,876. Postal cards, of local 
origin, 28,650,868; received by mail, 7,17&> 
281 ; foreigu dispatched, 980,804. Other 
matter, of local origin, 214,425,824 ; received 

by mail, 46,272,151 ■ foreign dispatched, 
31.530,184. The total number of pieces 
of mail matter of all kinds handled during 
the year was 707.778,145, a daily average of 

The ordinary mail matter handled was 
contained in 747,408 lock pouches and 

3,193,158 Backs, including the foreign mail, 
of which there were 57,049 aacl 
and 68,146 dispatched, besides which there 
were handled 7,028 casesand 92,150 pouches 
of registered matter, and 6,423 pouches and 
15,240 sacks of supplies. There also passed 
through the New York Post Office in tran- 
sit from and to ntln.-r i.tlio i:-;-j,i;itit pouches 
and 275.852 sacks of mail matter, making a 

total of 8,469, 864 pouches, cases aud sacks 

*>> '• "Alt 1 JOUKIVAi; 

handled at the office, a daily average of 
10,647, BZI lusive of those wliicli the sixteen 
branch offices exchanged with each other 
and wiih the General Office 

The volume of money order business was 
as follows : At the Genenil Post Office 
1,061,728 money orders were issued and 
paid, amounting to $1,856,260.84. At the 
sixteen branches the number of orders 
issued and paid was 213.054. amounting to 
$3,284,801.58, and the number of postal 
notes 78,342. amounting to $160,858.00. 
The aggregate business ol the Money Order 
Department for the year amounted to 
$82,510,811.74, giving an increase to the 
business over the previous vear of $11,277,- 
775. 12. ' 

The total receipts of the office were 
$4,832,990.35, and the total expenditures 
$1 768,904.68 (including $093,536.55 ex- 
pended for free delivery service), giving a 
net revenue of $8,074,001.67. The changes 
made for the promotion of the efficiency of 
the service were as follows : Appointments, 
487 ; promotions, 672 ; reductions, 71. 
There were removed from the service for 
ntViciul delinquencies and offences, retired 
for failure in efficiency duriDg probation 

the busier hours included between 3 A. M. 
and 10 a. M.,andl p. m. and 9 p.m. Every 
three minutes from from 6 a. m. to 8 P. m. 
there is cither an arrival or a dispatch of a 
"city" mail wagon. 

Foreign mailsdispatehed averaged twenty- 
seven a week. Foreign mail* both inward and 
outward frequently include as many as 700 
bags, which require from seven to twelve 
two-horse trucks for their transportation. 
New York is divided into fifteen postal 
districts and one sub-postal district, central 
to each of which is a district post office. In 
addition to these depositories tor mail mat- 
ter there are 1,444 street letter boxes placed 
with a view to the greatest public conveni- 
ence, and from which mail is collected on 
each secular day at. least six times in the 
suburban districts and twenty six times in 
the more populous portions of the city. 

The way it WORKS.— At the rate of one 
new subscriber a day, any industrious per- 
son could earn in a year's time a $100 type 
writer, a $100 bicycle (with a small cash 
payment) and a good watch or shot gun. 
Perhaps it may be worth your time to try 


We do not expect to please in this lesson 
the boys who have pinned their faith on the 
"Mark Checkup" style of writing. We 
do look for the approbation of sensible per- 
sons who know something of the demands 
uf actual business. 

When a clerk in a large firm sits down to 
his desk with from twenty-five to a hun- 
dred letters to answer, knowing that the 
next mail will bring a like number, ease, 
rapidity and Legibility come to the front, 
and beauty and exactness take a back seat. 

The copy given for this lesson is just 
what its heading reads — an easy, rapid cor- 
responding hand, and will be found practi- 
cal for actual business purposes, whether 
in correspondence or in recording business 

It is in extended style to be sure, b 
easily condensed to make it adapted to the 
narrow columns of a ledger. It is wr 
with a coarse pen, without shades, or such 
light ones tbat they dry as fast as they 

and through deaths and resignations, 428. 
The number of employees is 1,997, includ- 
ing 768 regular and 99 substitute carriers 
Hid 13 substitute clerks, but not including 
tf>0 licensed stamp agents. 170,092,425 
postage stamps were sold during the year, 
equal Id weight to 12 tons net; 33,156,175 
Government stamped envelopes and 44,344,- 
000 postal cards were sold during the same 
period. The total weight of mails received 
and dispatched daily during 1887 was 229 
tons, showing, as compared with the figures 
for 1882, 185 tons, an increase in five years 
of over 09 per cent. 

The number of domestic mails, ranging 
from ten to 100 bags each, involving the 
employment of mail wagons, from one to 
Fourteen according to the volume of the 
mail, dispatched daily to mail trains is 151 ; 
received from mail trains, 153; received 
from district offices. 170; dispatched to 
district offices, 152. The routes over which 
these malls are dispatched cover a distance 
of 1,904 miles daily. At the General Post 
Ofhce the number of mail wagons and 
trucks from publication houses and other 
private establishments, conveying mail to 
and from the Post Office, average daily 
1.053. While at no time during the twenty - 
four hours is there an entire cessation at 
thai point of the movement of wagons, the 
major portion of these arc moved during 

Will Brother Kibbe please define the 
" business movement 1 " 

Is it not about time that we Journal 
readers were treated to a few review doses 
of " Philosophy of Motion " theories ? 

What is meant by a "system of penman- 
ship ?" 

'* Who is the best penman in the United 

What is the difference between writing 
and penmanship '{ 

What is the difference between " plain 
penmanship" and " business writing?" 

Whal is meant by the term "off-hand" 
as applied to capitals and nourishing?" 

Is not the penmanship teacher in error 
win) tills hi- pupils that success "does not 
depend on the quantity of practice, but on 
the quality ■" 

Might, we not as well say that success in 
learning to write does not depend on move- 
ntent, but on knowledge at farm f 

Brother Peirce tells us to make some of 
his tracing exercises 3S.OU0 times. Is that 
7».'///v-pniclice or quantity -practice, or 
both 7 

What has become of Pall Pastnor? 

Does Brother Madarasz still write mus- 
cular movement with his wrist in contact 
with the tabic? 

put on the paper, a point which is appre- 
ciated by a bookkeeper in posting, as no 
blottiug is required ami the result is a 
eUan, neat, legible page, which is the de- 
light of the business man. 

We trust that all who are following this 
course uf lessons have been working faith- 
fully on the forearm movement exercises 
given in the last lesson, and if so you will 
lind this hand very easy to execute. 

In our next lesson we will cater mildly 
to the taste of "Mark's" boys, as we in- 
tend to cover in this course the whole realm 
of penmanship, trying to please all, yet 
keeping them in their places. 

The New Spencerian Com- 

This work is now bound complete. The 
price has been fixed by the publishers at 
$7.50. on receipt of which it will be for 
warded poslpaid from this office. 

We have already described this work in 
the most Ilattering terms, It is not possible 
to overstate its merits. It is beyond any 
question the most complete, finished and 
comprehensive work upon the art of pen- 
manship that the world lias ever seen. No 
penman's library can be complete without 
it. We will forward [his and the Ames' 
Compendium for $10. 

Tin' Ames' Compendium presents an en- 
tirely different plms, uf the art of penman- 
ship from tbat uf the Spencerian, as it is 
devoted more exclusively to lettering, de- 
signing and engrossing. The two works 
are a complete penmanship library in them- 

Educational Notes. 

t« B t KMXJJTI ■ .-. -t' art JoOHUE 

Colorado pays the highest average wages 
to female teachers 

Mr. George W. Cable has been offered the 
presidency ol' Fairmoiml l olle-efor Women 
at Wichita. Kan. 

Volapuk is publicly taught in France, 
Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Portu- 
gal, Austria, Russia and Denmark. 

George W. Pierce, a Boston lawyer, has 
made the shortest sentence in the English 
language containing all the letters of the 
alphabet : "Z. Badger: thy PBwn jump* 
quirk at fvtrl." Duly thirty-one letters ! 

The literary education of women began to 
prevail in England in the early part of the 
Seventeenth century. In 1620 neither of 
Shakespeare's daughters could write. 

The following colleges have reported more 
than one thousand students each : Harvard, 
1,090; Columbia, 1, INS); I uiversitv of Michi- 
gan, 1,473; Obcrlin, 1.302; Yale, 1,134; 
Northwestern, 1,100; University of Penn- 
sylvania, 1,069. 

In several New York City schools the stu- 
dents are taught to write ambidexirously ; 
and it has been found that writing with the 
left hand has resulted in improved writing 
with the right hand. 

The C. L, S. C. Class of 1887 graduated 
3,000 persons. 087 of whom were present to 
receive their diplomas at Chautauqua. 

According to the most reliable statistics, 
165 of 333 colleges pronounce Latin by the 
Roman method, 144 by the English method, 
and 34 by the Continental. 

Wilberforce University, of Ohio, a school 
for colored people, has received from a col- 
ored man of Xenia a deed of property 
worth $50,000. This is the largest gift ever 
received by the institution. 

Co-education of the sexes is carried on 
without limit in the University of Texas. 
Young men and women are admitted to the 
same classes in every department, and are 
eligible to the same degrees and honors. 

Of the 343,0011,(1110 population of china, it 
is estimated thai 75,000.000 are children; and 
only ten per cent, of the men and one per 
cent, of the women can read, making about 
13,000,000 able to read. 

Way i!<i very we]], 

l goose quill pen is always able to ( 

to the scratch— Bonton Post. 

A child in one of the public schools, the 
other day, had occasion to parse the word 
"angel." Coming tu llie geudcrsbe stopped, 
dismayed, and asked her teacher "if there 

any i 


Which is the most delicate 
of the senses?" 

Sophomore: "The touch." 

Professor; "Prove it." 

Sophomore; "When you sit on a tack. 
You can't hear it ; you can't see it ; you 
don't taste it; you can't smell it; but it's 

"I am engaged in scholarly pursuits," 
reflected a student pedagogue, as he chased 
a dodging urchin up and down the aisle of 
a Si ) l-house. 

"What is the name of the canal in the 

The child hesitated a moment, and then 
spoke up, loud and plain; "The E-rie 
Canal I" 

" Well, I declare ; arter I spen' all my 
monny on you studyin' art, you draw a cow 
'limit any tail." 

" Well, ma, de book say strive for effeek, 
an' not for detail." — Ilarpefs Bazaar. 

Mrs. Henrietta Brooks Davis advocates 
the establishment of a college wherein 
housekeeping will be taught. We prophesy 
that the professor who teaches the boiled 
potato class will be married during the first 

Farmer Bascom : "I do wish the thresh- 
ing machine would come around this way." 
Johnny Bascom: "Ob, pa, that reminds 
e. Teacher wanted me to tell you he was 
imin' to our house to board next week." 
■Burlington l'r>< Prem 
Little Harry home from school : " I say, 
mother, we had our singing lesson lo day." 
And how did you get on t" 
Teacher said I -nag like a bird." 
Really — what bird." 
Like a crow." 

I has been calculated tbat if 32,000,000 
people should el asp hands they could reach 
around I lie globe Very likely, but some of 
them would gel their feel very wet.— Port- 
land A'fnrtiser. 

Small Huxleyan ; "I say, mammy, (lis 
yer friziology say ef a chile hab a narm long 
*nufl to reach to de sun w'en he's bawn, he 
done be ded n berried sehenty-fiv eah 'fo' 
eber he gwine feel de sco'ch." 

Mammy (severely): " An'nias B'phlry 
Nebeudnt/./ab .lones, shet dat ar book ; 
go split de kiiidlin' 'a rest my po' brainns 
Tears likes if too much hunin' 11 make me 
mad."— Harper't Bazaar. 

Penman's Art Journal 



will be supplied. 

1 ; trili.lTMNB.— TIio.Iocrn.i.'s nil- Is to .-in off III 


Paykbfoinutlviince. No rtvehlaement accented for l.w 

nppllentlon Noiijlnnel meaxunrnvnt usu^d'; IK Uu'ed W 

TVui Journal'* General Agent for Canada is A.J 
■Small, whose headquarters are 13 Grand Open 
Home, Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary " Ctrcfe (/* 
/a Salle," Quebec, (P, 0. Box 1M), Is special agent /oi 
(fiat City and vicinity. The International News Co 
II BouoerU S'rett (Fleet Street), London, are it- 
foreign agents. 

letter PBK98. Page 

I Pbnwen op Amehica.— E. M. 

Hunts! tiger IT 

.1 // Bintnan 

The Oopyl k Question— A Bympo*ium .. it 

* 'Aandfi r if. P. trot and Lyman l> Smith 
Mrs. Cleveland's Sand writing .. lg 

Lines i" the Pi a Verses .18 

Story Faith Floyd. 
Quantity— Quality : A Defence of -'"Speed" 
Writing is 

E. A', hours, with Cfiiinv. ids h.j tl„ Editor 

Ukparthent op Phonoohapuy... h i\ 

Mrs. L. U. Packard. 

Phrasing; Beading and Writing Exercises; 

Sot- -. etc, ; The Pitman Testimonial and 

the Stenographers 1 Association ; Dea ii of 

A. V. Waibnrton : Humbug. 

Tiik Enrrou's LBisima Hour ... -a 

Volopuk— Verses; ProgressofaGeneralion; 

Amateurs and Professionals lu Litorature; 

Astronomy In the Country ; hi the Streets 

of Peking ; Will the Panama Canal ho 

Mull Packages by the Million &j 3 

K. A Itaae* 

Instruction in Pen Work— No. 5 il 

//. IP. Kibbf 

BnnoATioitu. Notes as 

Bditohisl. Notes.., u 

Our Phonographic I.e-sons ; I'.ii.-in," 1, .1 

lege Data; The Class Drill Question; etc. 

PlRSONAU .. .. U 

Books; HAOszum :i 

Oui Sew Premium Schedule .. ec 8 



Portrait of E. M, Iluntsinger 

New Lettering Alphabet bjw v Gelsseman 
Specimen Recount Page by 1; m. Hantsfnger 

Phonographla Script 

Portrait of A. F WarbUlton 

cm of ihe Pitman Mi-dal 

Tut. .Iociinal's AvTouriAi'ti Aliktm 

Bpei Imess by*, a Qruman, C c Pn aoh 
S A. D. Ilahn and A N Palmer. 

■: ■ ..rr*N>..ii.lmi: ■ 
l>y W II Kibbc, ilbi-tt-atina hi- l,e»M.n 
Grant-Lincoln Eulogy -Our Limited Speolal 
Premium Full Page. . 

Will ■■ Commercial CoUegt " pita* forward 

his tiittlnsx to The Journal office and <j< 1 1/,< 
Utters that are here for him t Wt htm tame* 

tunr mishtid lux ttddnss mid h>*t fii.i id, ,,/,/>/ 

Editorial Comment. 

Several pages of the current issue of 
The Journal are taken up with our prem- 
ium announcements. We trust thai the 
reader will tint] them of sufficient interest 
to compensate for the curtailment of the 
usual amount of general reading matter. 

The series of graded lessons In phono- 
graphy by Mrs. L. II. Packard, which hove 
extended over a period of about eighteen 
months in Teie Journal, reach their con- 
clusion with this issue. The subject has 
been carefully and exhaustively treated, and 
we know of no text-book of any system 
that covers the ground with such succiuct- 
ncss and completeness. A person who 
could not obtain a knowledge of the science 
of shorthand sufficient for all ordinary 
business requirements by means of these 
lessons could not do so by any method of 
mail instruction, and it is doubtful if he 
would be more successful at school. We 
desire to extend our felicitations to Mrs. 
Packard upon this notable achievement, 
and to congratulate those of our readers 
who have availed themselves of the benefits 
of her instruction. Of course the shorthand 
work of The Journal will go right along. 

From our point of view, Mr. Lyman D. 
Smith, of the town of Hartford, has a very 
level head. 

The King Club this month numbers 
ninety-two names and was sent by J. C. 
Kane of Eaton & Burnett's Business Col- 
lege, Baltimore, one of the most prosperous 
mid stable institutions of commercial train- 
ing in this country. Mr. Kane is a thor- 
oughly live teacher and appreciates the 
importance of having his pupils read The 
Journal. The Queen Club, of forty-five 
names, comes from Packard's Business 
College, New York. Next in point of 
numbers is a club of thirty-three from G. 
W. Hormau. Souie's Business College, New 
Orleans, and another of tbiity-two from E. 
A. Geigcr, Hamilton, Ont., Business Col- 
lege, both excellent institutions. H. T. 
Engelhorn of the Helena, Montana, Busi- 
ness College, sends iwentyfour names; F. 
L. Daggett, Burnett's Business College, 
Boston, fourteen; N. L. Richmond, Onarga, 
III., and G. M. Smithdeal, Smithdeal Busi- 
ness College. Richmond, Va.. twelve each ; 
and a large number of unaller clubs. 

We would be glad to have the views of 
pniclicul writing teachers as to the mosl 
effective methods of class drill. Of course 
these views would be founded on individual 
experiences. They should not exceed four 
hundred words. Our correspondents bave 
a tendency" to exercise their fine muscular 
movement qualities too freely when they 
write for publication. 

Bomb onb has been threati ning to issue q 
business college directory, with a special 
ily-ieaf for the teachers of penmanship. 
We would like to see such an idea carried 
out. When it is done we trust thai atten- 
tion will begivento the history and develop. 
meat of commercial schools in this 
country. It would make an interesting 

Is there any one who has taken the 
pains to make even a rough estimate of the 
young men and women of the I' niled States 
and Canada who are now attending schools 
of training in practical business 1 If so. 
Tin. JOURNAL would like to hear from him. 
It would like to know just how many more 
attended this year than last, and what 
progress has been made in the course of a 
decade. Perhaps some one will come to the 

A. J. Scarborough is making a very 
bright paper of Qatkell's Magazine. Scar- 
borough goes right nhead, and when any- 
steps ou his toes hits out from the 
shoulder. Chicago is a great old town and 
has a ianguage of its own. Our dyspeptic 
■spondenl knows what that means. The 
t number of the .\f<ujti:iiw is always the 
I best. 

—At a recent session of the Farmer's Institute, 
held at Peoria, Ml., under the auspices of the Illi- 
nois state Board ol Agriculture, Q, w. Brown, 

principal of the Jacksonville, 111., Business Col- 
lege, read an able paper on " Business Education 
of Farmers' Sons and Daughters." 

— C. N. Crandle, penman of the Northern Illinois 
Stall Hoi msJ School, situated at Dixon, is winning 
gulden opinions by his excellent pen-work. Some 
of the specimens we have received bearing his 
signature are very beautiful. 

—Verily the perfection of grace and beauty in 
the manipulation of an automatic pen and the 
■ b.-li'Titc Mi inline hi iiilnis has been readied by 
C, E. Jones, of Tabor, la. Some of the specimens 
recently sent us by Mr. Jones will be used In the 
adormentof our studio. 

—As handsome specimens of written visiting 
curds as it has been our pleasure to see in a long 
time come from C. P. Zauer, Columbus, Ohio, a 
young penman who gives up -at promise of achieve- 
ment in his profession. There is no excuse for any 
lover of good penmanship to be without specimens 

a well-ex< outed portrait of Prof. J. M. Frasher 

adorns tin' initial page of the Twenty-seventh 
Annual Catalogue of his nourishing business col- 
lege at Wheeling, W. Va. 

— P B. S. Peters, penman of Rt trier's Commer- 
cial College, St. Joseph, Mo., reports that he is 
iiii-i'liiii.' with success in bis school of penmanship 
by mail. He handles a pen very gracefully. The 
flourished horse he offers, elsewhere In this num- 
ber, Is said to be very good. 

—We hear words of unstinted praise for that 
worthy young pen artist. A. E. Dewhur&t, of Utiea, 
N. Y. Engrossing and general ornamental work 
are his forte. 

—The Shorthand Department of the Western 
Norma] College) Shenandoah, Iowa, lias proved to 
be a wonderful success under the able manage- 
ment of Prof \\" T. Laritnore and his accomplished 
wife. This department has won the confidence 
and esteem of the people of all sections of the 
country. Pupils who have taken the course are 
now engaged in remunerative employment and 
give entire satisfaction as shorthand writers. 
Prof. Larimore reports a 1 lass of 200 students tak- 
ing lessons hy mail. He will send ten trial lessons 
free to any one sending their name on a postal 

—The Metropolitan Business 
city, whieh has uniil lately heei 
A. Spencer, has been consolidate 
Business College, at 1 oh and no 
this lily, under the title of Walv 
Business College. Both Mean 
Spencer are gentlemen of large 1 



■d in 1 

be convenient to a very large portion of the city, 
and we can hut believe that the institution, which 
is already enjoying a good derive ol prosperity, 
will largely increase its patronage nndt-r the new 
and joint management. 

- William N Peacon, who attained celebrity as 
;i 1 1 .-ri i_rr ■ ■ — > ■ 1 diiriiiL' several years past in Brook- 
lyn, died of brain fever in January. Mr. Peacon 
was a captain in Company !*', Fourteenth Regi- 
ment, lie was of a congenial disposition and a g a liUk'1' circle of associates. 


I he Spinner'Ms the title of the admirable 
frontispiece of Th» American Magaxtnt for Janu- 
ary. It is engraved from a pictuie by II. Wlu- 
throp Pierce. F M Eudlich has a richly Illus- 
trated article on " Cupc Breton Island." Joaquin 
Miller contributes verses entitled "Twilight at 
Nazareth." The first paper of a series on " Some 
Boston Artists in (heir Studios.'' by William II. 
Itidelng. is extremely interesting. 

— An examination of the contents of the Janu- 
ary t'otf'nopolttan oausei ue to lose none of our old- 
tunc Live l..i Ibis magazine. " A Battle with the 
Sioux," by L. B Piatt, Is an exceptionally graphic 
narrative. William <' Richards tells a noml story, 
which hi Balls "Mj Neighbor and I." "The Book 
Auction "is the title of an instructive paper by 
.i,.il BentoD, Prof. Richard A. Proctor asks the 
que -1 ion ; " Have Ghosts lieeti Seen 1 " and relates 
many instances of curious interest In point. "A 
Nightingale" is the subject of a short poem by 
Frank Dempster Sherman. 

— 81 Xieholtit continues to grow better and bet- 
ter. The January number opens w ith a character. 
istlc poem by the sweetest of all our American 
singers. John Greenleaf Whittier. The title Is 
"The Brown Dwarf of Rugen." It is fancifully 
illustrated. Mis Burnett continues tier story for 
girls of "Sara Crewe." Henry W. Jcssup tells of 
"The Amusements of Arab Children." The con- 
clusion of Frank R. Stockton's "The Clocks of 
Rondaiue " is reached in this number. 

—Never more popular and prosperous than to- 
day, the Stagazin* of American History OpBDJ its 
nineteenth volume with a wonderfully interesting 
January number. "Thurlow Weed's Home In 
New S*0rk City," where the great politician resided 
during the last seventeen years of his life, 1b richly 
illustrated with exterior and Interior views, and 
an admirable portrait of Mr. Weed in his later 
years Is the frontispiece to the number. The 
graphic and Informing description of the house, 

and its distinguished occupant, is from the ready 
pen of the editor of the magazine, who Introduce* 
an account of Mr. Weed's man eh.un experience 
In France at a critical period In our civil war. In 
his own exact language. A far-sitiiiU of one of 
President Lincoln's letters to Mr. Weed il .mi 
panics this valuable paper. The number also con- 
tains its usual departments of interesting miscel- 
lany, with book reviews, some of whieh are Illus- 
trated. This magazine is an imperative necessity 
toall readers of intelligence. With Its itorttQl 
varied information, and its careful editing, its 
value for preservation becomes more and more 
distinctly apparent with each succeeding iseue. 
Price $5.00 a year. 748 Broadway, New York Ciiy. 

—The January Widt Awake Is the New Tear's 
issue, a fine holiday mini her. delightfully pictorial, 
giving as it does a dozen of the beautiful pencil 
pictures of child life by the English pen-artist, 
Warwick Brookes, together with an autograph 
letter of Mr. Gladstone's. Mr. Letherhrow's ac- 
count of him is very interesting. But the most 
valuable article of the number Is "The Foster- 
Children of George Washington," the first of Mrs. 
Uarrlet Taylor Upton's series, " Children of tho 
White House." This has seventeen MuBtrattOM 
from the beautiful Stuart and Pine paintings and 
from old objects and scenes In and around Mount 
Vernon. Presidential families are said to be great 1 
ly interested In this series, knowing bow valuable 
It will remain for all time to come to young Ameri- 
can people. Another delightful contribution is an 
illustrated article by Maud Howe (daughter of 
Mrs. Julia Ward Howe) entitled " My Friends, the 
Dogs;" this furnishes the frontispiece: "Mils 
Maud Howe and Her Dog Sambo," from the 
famous painting by B. C. Porter In the Corcoran 
Gallery, Washington. WW* .1 wake Is only $2 40 s 
year. D Lothrop Company, Publisher-. Boston, 

—The February number of The Popular Science 
Monthly is at high-water mark in respect to the 
interest and Solid merit of its articles. The list is 
opened with one of ex-President White's "New 
Chapters in the Warfare of Science," which ex- 
hibits some of the most curiously absurd views 
that have been set forth by theologians respecting 
geological phenomena, and efforts, not always 
graceful, at backing down as Hie progress of in- 
vestigation and the applications of common-sense 
methods have made their positions untenable, 
Lieutenant Charles C. Rogers, of the United States 
Navy, presents an account, with a colored map, of 
the progress that has been made In tho work of 
the Panama Canal, which have been prepared 
after observations made by himself ou the spot. 
In "The Economic Outlook— Present and Prospec- 
tive "—the eighth of his " Economic Disturbance 
Series," Mr. David A. Wells finds (hat, In spite of 
the friction which the rapid progrer-s of civiliza- 
tion and growth of commercial enterprise neccs 
sarlly involve, the comforts and well-being of man 
have vastly increased, are increasing, and are 
likely to continue to Increase. Prof. N. s Shaler's 
"Animal Agency in Soil-Making" supplements 
Darwin's observations on earth-worms, by show- 
ing how other animals have contributed very 
materially to the disturbance, comminution, and 
fertilization of the surface of the earth. Dr. Mary 
T. Bissell, writing ou " Emotions venut Health In 
Women," insists upon the training of young 
women to think and he useful as the most effectual 
safeguard against future perils from excessive 
nervousness. New York : D. Appleton & Com- 
pany Fifty cents a number, $'> a year. 


Increased sales of " The Comp! 
ant," by U. M. Powers, Principal of 

is- beautifully printed in deal type 
r. The many pages devoted 
printed in two colors. The work 
is unique and comprehensive and appeal's to 
thoroughly HI the purpose for which it was de- 

—Messrs. J. S. Ogilvle * Co.. publishers, 31 Rose 
Street, New York, have favored us with a little 
hook of 130 pages, containing 700 verses suitable 
for autograph albums. The price of the work is 

—We find a good many bright bits in " Palmer's 
Guide to Muscular Movement." There arc forty- 
eight lessons in writing by the author, besides in 
struction In the art of nourishing and examples of 
lettering by well-known teachers and artists, A. (.. 
Webb contributes some lessons In pen drawing 
which are abundantly Illustrated, The price of 


3 IS $1. 

— From C. W. Bardeen, publisher. Syracuse, we 
have i.cemd "A yuiz Uo,.k on the Theory and 
Practice of Teaching." The volume is by A. P. 
Southwlck. A. M., well known as an authorof text 

books of this character Every teacher should 
have a copy of ihis work 

—"The Lithographers' and Photographers' 
Directory." published by " The Lithographer Pub- 
lishing Co,. Fred Buehrlug, Prest. and Trcas., at 12 
Centre Slreet, New York ; price |8, is a very eom- 
plele and comprehensive work. The Directors 
was prepared only after great labor and ej> 
pen.e, and contains a complete list of all firms 
connected in any manner with Lithography, 
Photography, or the Graphic Arts and allied 
Trades in tin- t'nited Slates, Canada, \1> ■:■■■ u„i 
Central and South America, and Is the only publi- 
cation of Its kind ever prepared on this continent. 
The mailing of 140,000 inquiry circular wis a 
single Item in its compilation. 

.vi; r JoiiKiSixo 


Tli.- Beautiful Grant .Lincoln Eulogy represented by the above redneed cut. size 22x2S Indies, and Elegantly Printed on Heavy Plate Paper suitable 
lor Pruning, is offered as a Special Premium wltb all Renewals and New Subscriptions received by March 15, In lien of other Premiums. It is one "I the 
Most Elaborate and Artistic Pen Designs ever put on paper. Hundreds of Copies have been Sold at $1 each, at which price it is mailed from the i -nal Office. 


Preserve this Number for Future Reference. 


The Premium Schedule outlined below goes into effect from this date. The old 
premiums, however, will not be withdrawn until March 15. Until that time the subscriber 
may take his choice of either schedule. 

Remember that after March 15 no premium will be given for renewals and no 
premium trill go with a subscription. 

As was announced in the Inst issue of The Journal, our old plan of premiums 
offered in conneclion with subscriptions will be withdrawn after the 15th of March. No 
premium will be given to a new subscriber, or for a renewal, after that date. The price 
of The Journal will be one dollar a year, und if it is worth buying at all it is worth that 
much money. 

"Whatever premiums may be offered under our new plan will be for getting new sub- 
scriptions. That is to say, the person already a subscriber who sbnll interest himself in 
inducing others to subscribe will be entitled to whatever premium refolds we may < ffer. 
The new subscriber will get the paper and nothing else. If he, in turn, wants to avail 
himself of our liberal offers it will be an easy matter for him 1o do so by going among 
his friends and raising a club. 

We present herewith our new schedule of premiums upon the plan already outlined. 
The offers are liberal and we doubt not will prove highly satisfactory to our patrons. 

It must be borne in mind that the person sending us a club and claiming the premiums 
therefor must himself first become a subscriber, if he is not already on our books, and 
that no premium is given for a renewal or a transfer of subscription. The object is to 
increase our subscription list, and they are intended to pay for the work necessary to 
attain this object. A mere transfer of one's own subscription to a member of the same 
family, or to any one else, does not increase our subscription list. It is not a new sub- 
scription in the sense that would entitle any one to a premium. 

The articles offered in our list are selected with particular regard lo iLcir usefulness 
and appropriateness to the field that we cover. By special arrangement with the manu- 
facturers we have been enabled to get the lowest trade discounts on these goods ar.d ^e 
offer them to our subscribers without profit in connection with subscriptions. 

How to Send Names. 

In making large clubs send in your names as you get them, never forgetting to notify 
us at the time to enter the subscriptions to your credit on our agent's hook, in order that 
when the requisite number is received to entitle you to the desired premium llcie nay l( 
no misunderstanding in the premises. 

For instance, we will suppose that you have made up your mird to capture the Stan- 
dard Columbia bicycle, which we offer for a club of one hundred and forty names 
and ten dollars cash. You have all the rest of the year 1888 in which to complete your 
club ; but of course you want to go to work at it immediately, because we only have one 
of these bicycles at our disposal, and the first person claiming it under our lei me will be 
the one to get it. You go about among your friends and obtain, say, ten subscriptions 
the first day. Send us on these names with the money, always reminding us to place 
them to your credit. Then send on your names as fast as you can get them, and when the 
aggregate reaches one hundred and forty you will be entitled to the machine on 
remitting the cash balance of $10. 

Now, suppose in the meantime some one else has been more active than yourself and 
captured the bicycle. All the names that you have sent still stand to your credit and 
entitle you to whatever premium may be offered for that number. Or, suppose instead of 
raising the one hundred and forty subscriptions you only succeed in obtaining 
seventy-five. This will entitle you to receive any premium offered for seventy-five sub- 
scriptions ; or seventy-live premiums offered for one subscription ; or three premiums 
offered for twenty-five subscriptions, and so on. 

The only condition that we make is that you must claim your premium some time 
within the year. 

It will be readily seen that by this plan there is no chance for the person who works 
for a club to lose anything. Under no circumstances will we exchange premiums, or 
allow the sender of a club to withdraw any order that has been filhid. 

Express charges must be met in all instances by the parties receiving the goods 
Where goods are sent by mail an extra remittance of ten cents will s< cure their registration. 
For unregistered goods lost in the mails we will not he responsible. 

Penmanship Premiums. 

For a single new subscription we offer any one of the premiums which we have been 
Including with a subscription. These are Ames* Guide, in paper; Ames' Copy 
Slips, or either of the following pen designs : 

lord's Prayer Size, 19x24 

Flourished Eagle " 24x32 

Flourished Slag " 24x32 

Centennial Picture, of Prsgrm " 22x28 

Grant Memorial " 22x28 

Garfield Memorial " 19x24 

Family Record " 18x22 

Mar riai/i G rttjiaitc " 18x22 

Thousands of copies of each of the above works have been sent out from The 
Journal office without a single complaint. They are the best of the kind ever put before 
the American public. Price of any of the above premiums, fifty cents. 

For two uew subscriptions we will send Ames* Guide, bound in cloth, or we will 
send this work for one new subscription and twenty-five cents extra. 

For teu new subscriptions we will send by express a copy of Ames' New Com- 
pendium of Practical and Artistic Penmanship. This work is too well 
knowu among penman to need any extended comment. It has seventy-two full-page plate 
engravings, comprising upward of forty standard and ornate alphabets, over twenty 11 x 14 
commercial designs, besides engrossed resoluiions, certificates, memorials, etc A work 
indispensible to all who aspire to become expert at artistic pen-work. Beautifully and 
substantially bound nnd sold at $5 a copy. 

If it is desired that the Compendium be sent by ami}, fifty rents extra must be Befit 
to pay the cost of postage. 

Combination Penmanship Premiums. 

The Eight Picture Premiums enumerated above, with the Paper Guide or 
Copy Slips, sent for a club of five. All these and the Com pen dium (by express) fox 
a club of fourteen. 

For cloth-bound Guide, add twenty five cents. 

For two item .lutmrrijitions i/mir rlance »f the following ." 

The celebrated Altn Edition of popular twelvemos., com- 
prising over one hundred volumes of the most popular and best 
selling hooks. 

Each book is bound in the handsomest manner, with a beau- 
tiful black and gold side stamp, ornamental side and silk ribbon 
marker. The list includes : 

ii Crusoe, by 

__ily Itobtnsou. .. 

Warsaw, hy .lane i'orler : ■ liildicn 

■i Mollis 

Swiss Family '. 

r of Wiikfti'.-lil, bv 
Oliver'GoldsmUli ; J';ml hi. I Virginia, to Hemardin ib- st Pierre ; Butiyan's 
"".-rim's i'lnpi'.'v-, by John Kiiiiyati ; Gull' 

(t , (..'Mill's History of Envliiti.l, bv Charles 
i . : l - r Days of Pomp ' 
by Sir Walter 8oo1 
French History, by 

, liy Ihilwer ; lvanhoe l>y sir Walter 

: Baron Munchausen ; 

alter Scott ; stm ie- fn>fn 

Led, by Jane R. , 

Initio . 

tern, by 

Much, a temperance tele, by 

: by U. H llallantync; Gorilla I 

; 'dimm's Household Storh •. hy the Hi ■ ■ r 1 1. i - 

c See;ui : Stam l.i i <I Kail \ 'I air-. : Noi them 1 iyliis. t.j M\ . <|i-h f 

Charles Dirk- lis . M. n tin < .hn,'/h -\\ II , liy I hailes Imk.ns , (lli\ t , t HlnLl ioiij, nuu jiu.cii.jau 
Charles Diek.ii-: David < oppertiold, in Ch;u Its I'ickens; Niehohi- M> Mi by, hy Charles 
. Prehistoric World, hy I lie Iieitiiet . I list civ, stones from, L> .\cnc> si rick land . hn^lish His- 

; popular T files, by 1 he 
ih Fairy Tab'-, by the 

ivist. Ilaly, ami American 

Tales from, by Aifiies Strickland ; 

Trim Stories from, by Ac, 

Hi-antly, by T. S Arthur 

; Remarkable Events 


Napoleon, by Henry 
' Worli 

tries from, by Agnes Strti 

™- by T. S. Arthur ; Ilari 

: Patties ,,| the h'opnl 

History, by L. II. 

1 1 Aires I'laiiehe; Modern ( lassies, by E. E Hale, liavard Taylor ami 
i hades U 1 1 Males ; In the Antic Seas, by I a plain MoClintook ; Children 
Smyth ; Paily of the Pake. b\ Sir Waller seoir . Memorable seems ir 
"-chrmicker ; I- rentier Pife, Talcs of the Southwestern pi, id it, by Frailer 
Soyereicns, by Mrs. Jameson , Pioneer Women of the West, l>\ Mrs V, 
Heroes, by .1 " PraymriTi : Thrillim; Adventures mi Land and Sea, hj 
Teller, BeleOtiOIlB rroni the In -t niiilmrs ; i hristmas storb s, select inns [ 
Sla ire, by Hector Ma bit , Kim: "i c,.n mi crs, l>\ p.,| ] Paul in . Sp> '-e 
' ' B. F. Tf" 

■, Paniel Webster, Life <> 

I Boone, by Edw S. Ellis ; David Crockett, 

Sargent and Horace dreeley ; Andrew . 

\ii.inyomei v : lb my \ 111. ami II 

jk HeL., _ 

, Parnaby IiuyVe, and Hani 1 

Josephine, liy ''eei'l Li. 11 an ley : LaHierine |1 . pmiirr-s of Pn~sia. P\" Samuel 

Paillitt; J.iim of Are. Maid of Oilcans, Pv Paviil W. 

. old ciiriM-iii shop ami Kcprnn.cii Pieces, by Charles 
.. by Charles Dick ci is ; P.h ;ik IP'U-e. In ( liarles Dickel 

; Piuler-i ..und cit.\ . hy Jules \ ei ne . 

Old Curfo.«i . 

Charles Dickens . P.l- ak IPai^.-, t.,y ( burUs Pickens ; Little 
_ ___Jt, by Charles Diekens ; Doinbey .*. Son, by Charles Dicken 
Tour of the World in I-.ii.-lit \ Pay. by Jules Vithi' ; At Hie Nort 
by Jules \'ernc ; Tw.-nt\ Tln.n-and Pi aL-nes iiihIit the Sen, by Jules Verne ; Wink "I the ■ bailee I lor, 

liy Jnb-s Wine : \\ himsicalities, \\ hinis and Oddities, by Thomas M 1 : Mind Ian as and lb md's own, 

bv Tliomas II 1 ; I'p the liliine, hv Tlicnia- Ib.-.d : .lane V.\ re. |,y i p 1? ; l.ia.ilc, t^ i i\ V cn 

Meredith; Pov's Look of Martyrs, bv John F<-x ; Andersen's l-'airy Tales, by Hans Anders,.,,; i-ie's 
'Pales by EdL-ar \ .anl'.-e; Macanlav's Hi-t.iv . >t 1 ii^-laml live volumes , ManlneauV History. .{ Eng- 
land P-nr ^obmics; I'barb s i.i'Mnl.ev. bv I'hurles Lever ; Han >' ].nrrei|ii< i. by Charles Lc\ei ; Ibimly 
Andy by Samuel Lover ; Three i.uar.Nincii. bv Alexandre Pumas : 'l' l'.r.>wn at ost.ird. by Thomas 

Hu-iies ; Fust Lvnne or. The Larks P.on-lit. i . by Mrs Henrv W 1 . John Halifax, '.< nlleman, hy Miss 

MuTock; The Last of I he Mohicans, bv -James FenJirjore Cooper; Adani Bede, by i.oti;'.' Ehot, 

The retail price of these works is seventy-five cents per volume. The titles speak for 

For a club of fifteen and fifty cents additional : 

Charles Dickens* Complete Works (Universe 
tion) ; fourteen volumes; 12mo. Superbly bound, and 

get her one of the richest editions of the unapproachable 
works in print. By Express. 

The price of this' set is $10, 50 when sent otherwise than 

For two new subscribers: 

History of the United States, in Chrono- 
logical Order, from the Discovery of America in 
1492 to the year 1888. including notices of Manu- 
factures as they were introduced ; of other Indus- 
tries ; of Railroads, Canals, Telegraphs oud other 
Improvements ; of Inventions, Important Events, 

airily bonk of ;.*i'-n i-.i^-cs is Indispensable t 
' .fi, nick ;,,,,! convenient reference I 
el aud original plan. 

.. tt Is. 

other hlsto- 

■- under irs [,r...[.er ilntc all Important patet 

I liadoes. cyclone*, epidemic- , aeeiijeli 

. ?ii and land labor trouble*, strikes aim ioi-k- 
and hundreds of other matters never mentioned by 

As a storehouse of faets it is without a rival. 
Printed from large type on tine paper, hami- 
omcly hound in cloth with ink and gold sido 
stamp. Regular price $1.00, 
The history above described, paper bound. 

For one new sidm'riber and *li- centu additiomtl j»>*t</</t\ your choice of the 
following works : 
Dicks* Commercial Letter Writer and Boob of 

Business Forms ; 200 pages ; hound in boards. This work 
includes correct forms for Business Notices and Cards, and Part- 
nership Announcements ; for Applications for Employment aud 
neatly-worded Answers to Inquiries and Advertisements ; for 
occasional Circulars, properly displayed, and for drawing up 
Business Documents, Notes, Checks, Receipts, Mortgages, As- 
signments, Wills, Power of Attorney, Letters of Credit, Account 
Sales, Accounts Current, Invoices, Bills of Lading, etc., and the 
correct method of adjusting General and Particular Averages. 

It contains, in addition, a Glossary of Technical Terms used 
in commerce; u rapid and simple method of computing Interest; a 
Table showing the value of Foreign Coins in United States Cur- 
rency, and other useful, practical and interesting information. 

How to Conduct :i Debate. A Series of Complete 
lt(ii;i('-. Outlines of Debates nml Question-; for Discussion. In 
the complete debates tbc questions for discussion are defined. 
tin' debate formally opened, an array of brilliant arguments 
adduced on eitber side, and the debate closed according to Parlia- 
mentary usages, The second part* consists of questions for debate, 
with heads of arguments, for and against, given in a condensed 
lortn for i he speakers to enlarge upon to suit their own fancy. In 
addition to theseare a Large Collection of Debatable Questions. The 
authorities to be referred to for information are given at the close of 
every debate By Frederic Ronton, 232 pages, paper. 

The same bound in boards, cloth back, for two new sub- 

Bones' Hook of Stump Speeches and 

Coni niiii n l' Humorous Lectures. F.ihio. 

Burlesque Oral 

pian Dialogues, Plantation Irenes, Negro Farces and Burlesques, 
Laughable Interludes and Comic Recitations, interspersed with 
Dutch, Irish, French and Yankee Stories. Compiled and edited 
by John F. Scott, 

This book contains some of the best hits of the leading negro 
delineator" of the present time, as well as mirth provoking jokes 
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^^e prompt, This offer appears hut 

AWAY ! A package 

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PARK. Paunettshurg. Pa. 

Instructions Given in Penmanship, 

\ thorough course of 12 lessons in plain pen 
UUhlp <n HI be given by mail for «3.O0 cash li 

^ mi (ran receive jnsl us good instruction, m.ik. 
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charge. By taking t 

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penman, and with very email 1 
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tiring fur :t time, tin- student s.-uds 

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e thousands ,,f \, 


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Philadelphia, Pa 
iias completed this 1 

. work before ordering t. _ __ 

Is. and a beautiful pice., of poetry, w 

space only the 1 

11 in r ■ 1 > very best etjic v 

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istered letters and ad 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 

iff hand nourishing. One large and beautiful 
specimen will be -ent with the last lesson. If you 
,vant to learn this beautiful art now is the tlinu. 
: can give you the whole thing In six lessons. 

e-pi clui'v for pen.... 
.m, or S'-i.OO for half r 

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Address all orders to 

A. W. DAKIN, Penman, 


The Hand Book of Volapuk. 


Member of the Academy of Volapuk— President of ibc Institute of Accounts. 

One vol., I'imo, 128 pp. Heavy paper, boa nil. Price, postage pah!, $ 1. 


This work, in the preparation of which neither labor not expense has been spared, 

comprises : 

1, An introduction explaining the Purposes, Origin and History of VulapUk and of 
the Volapuk movement. 

9. A grammatical exposition of the structure of the language. 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of radica's and the formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes and by suffixes. 

5. " Spodam ;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8. "Liliidam;" Reading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary, Volapuk English, and English-Vulupiik. 

In addition there is a portrait of Schleyer, with extracts from bis writings; a state- 
ment iu Volapuk of the changes made by the second annual Congress; and a key to the 
xerciscs for correcting borne work. 


The only American periodical devoted in whole or in part to the new international 
language is Tile Office. 

In it the department entitled *' Volaspodel," contains progressive lessonB in 
Volapuk, with special reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly. 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies 10 cents each 

For circulars of the Hand Book of Volapuk, and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 



for business records, by a graduate of one of the best patronized and thoroughly conducted business 
colleges in 1 lie country, who holds their examination can I 111:11 k,,l wiili the max irnum of ]iiu per cent, in 
.very examin 1 lion, and is competent to ^ive the best of iiistructh.u in this bran h of education. 
First Lesson, »:i. Address, 

j-, f II W. KIBBE, Utica, \. V. 

C. BIXLER, Pres - a r^ c e a Art p §gh A o;, Ha " WOOSTER, 


The copies are elegantly engraved on copper, printed from stone on the finest kind of ^ 

All coplc: 
Part one contains s> 

the case and 

This is the inoi 
a work of this kind 

This is 
ork of t 
the hard points 


unmetid th-m to our students and 

Collect all other "C'ompendii 


venteen slips. These slips are not bounc 
kept clean. Every necessary copy is giv 
complete and comprehensive "Instructio 

gether. and one oan be taken out of 

look" ever given In connection with 
difficult things In writing hut explains 

Dakoti— "After giving it a 

tkmvut/h tramliKt/Um 1 pronounce it "the b-st I hive Seen and worth double th- pru-c a-ked. We Will 

■- ■ udeti tsan-l all otlut- » In, ,v-h .1 tir-i el..-- work .>n pen, ship. 

President State Norma n-Ii «,i..rack ville. Ala -''I am more pleased with 

-r»™-„ ^nd school. A liberal discount given, A redm tion 1.. - 1 I- 

if the '•Lesson.,' and compare. 

'.' for the money than . 
1, providing it be runi 

Mil- kind ever 

mil., 1 work 1 li I" '1 "-' will r. inmi rc.,,,-\ 1,110 ,..-.■. 

n good condition. It generally conceded to lie the best 

bettor arranged, 

providing it I 
'er publi-hcd. 

The complete work mailed in a neat and substantial ra-e to any address Iti the world foi 


stamps nut taken. 
Address either of the places named below that Is nearer to you 


P. O. Bos 181'.. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. P. <>. Box 78T, 

|a-U Mention The Joojwax. 



• ,' aim- Journal: '^c 


Five More Plates of 

Kibbe's Alphabets. 

ii. graceful and 
lettcrlr ' - 

n ilijjliimas, cards, 

t style of lettering ka 


A white faced letter, 
ng. Two styles of 

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dark background ami 
rapid, and the 

•list IC ll'tlering VCl pn, (bleed. Mum y 

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"label leads 

like [iflrl 

i rapidity ..if ■ ■-,.■, uti<>n. 
having examined tin: Ic 

No. 27. Scrolling tetters. 
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take nnt, will please udnifrois uf pen-work. 
Single No. 10c. The fire Nos. 25c. 

Instruction by Mail. 

Business Writing. 

A Complete Course nf Twenty-six Lessens in 
Business Writing, Including all letters, figures iind 

lions, written for each lenson ami explanation nf 
tlie forearm nmvemeiit ami positiun, ■.villi illustru 
Hon. will be sent for $2. 

A Course of Twelve Lessons In Flourishing in 

eluding Principle-, Ibrds, Kagle, 
for practice, frt-li I'miim the pen, wiui print en in- 
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ipi.iritllies nf ("Jillintt's 

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gross, B6o. Two gross, $1.50. Address.' 

1-tf mica, N. Y. 


A handsomely Illustrated Monthly giving lesson 

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Only 60 Cents per annum, with premium 

, Ontario, Canada. 


Price llic. "Chirographic Editors," 10c. ' 

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igle Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips. 

xtple C 

; Praia" 

mental Specimen, . 


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Charles Rollinson, 

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'atalocue. :..■ . Siml in Cmifi.'il 
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and Teacher wa: 



" Question Books with 

comon-liit.- U S. History, 
iuiuiqi and Arithmetic, each book 
n practical ipiesiinns and answers. 

pusitUvly Til-' i.ihlV Ijlll'-tinll 1 ks 

branch to be of s 

■ complete enough i 

preparing for examinations, or for reviewing pupils 
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Questions with 

THY' Including nearly 30tit. 

Besides treating thoroughly 

lions under each subject, the solutions being placed 
In the appendix. In this book there are over 1,100 
questions with answers. 

" 1001 Questions with Answers on GRAMMAR," 
with copious illustration b, parsing and analysis. 

. and the parsing of difficult words, are 
ajoiir w.irtli twice tin- price of the book. 

Th.> "1001 QneBtlonBWlth Answers on U.S. HIB- 
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Question* ' 
'embracing D 

,1 Geography. The desoriptive questions a 

nbraclng Descriptive. Physical and Mathe 

asked on each grand division separately, 1 
abling the student t" refre-li his mind on any 
ti.ular cniintry without reading over the en 

Bound In cloth and mailed to any address s 

■ Bfadway, New Tori 


"Worth all others together."— Review. 


'■"MI'I.KTE liix.iK KEEPING tnew). 

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Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

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205 Broadway. New York 

BARNUM& CO., No. 20 N.William St., 

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rdai 4c. Circular 
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type, oardi . 
Kele»y & Co. Alerldoo, (odd 

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Revised Eilitio 


All the good in the old issue is retained and put 
lu better shape, while new matter has been added 
sufficient to embody the latest and best Ideas. 
Typographically, fits new Issue Is a model of neat- 

of reference or an encyclopedia on the subject of 
it is purely a 


and is arranged with the view of developing the 
THINKING CAPACITY of the student. Full 
explanations are given, but much is left for the 
student to Work out. and results to find. 


imi.n.h nig the < 

the work. 

If you want to Increase the Efficiency of your 

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l^riRE&BURGuS V 


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We want good, active, reliable agents In every 
part of the Unit, d States and Canada not at present 
occupied by our agents, to take subscriptions for 
the Journal and to sell the new 

and our other publications. We have agents who 
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without going outside of their Immediate neigh- 
borhood. Upon the liberal commissions we offer 
this Is a money-making business. Write at once, 
as we will close with the first reliable parties who 

i. st --iinI unl 1'r.ii.ti. a I Penmanship, a pmtlnll.i 
■ racing a emu pie tc lihrurv of |.raei writ inc. 
inline thi' new Mau'i'' Alphabet, capable ..I 
il- written hv any one leiribl'y five ilm«s a- fast 

only. Address 
Spencerian Business College. 36 Eut lilt E 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by mall. The beat system and thorough 
Instruction. Send stamp tm pamphlet and speci- 
men of writing. 

8-12 Teacher of Shorthand, I'ittsburg, Pa. 


VUAUTCn ••oo w ,.,,,- ,„■.-,. I. I,,|,.;,n, Mmelhuml 

Western Normal i lollege, She 

Shorthand ami 1 ypewriln 


W. W. 0S000HB7, PuWiihet. BoeheiUr, H. Y. 


TI '.At IIKKS |, ;,rned slmrtliund. 

tions, and secured posltio 
fiirnn-r salaries. anc 
by mall to master it, SO. Book, SI. 

II. ">k ami ili-lrn. ti.itL 

il ciadiiali-S Ii. I, s.nri Huowne, 
- —■. West Hth St.. New 


nWKLI. ,V llliKruX'N Sri I of Shorthand, 

' ' 1 St.. Boston, la the leading Aman- 

in New Englaml, ami u 
of Itskinr* -' 

stenographic business cdneati. ■[) . 

of the few Institutions of its kiml where i 

$4 KZf\ A neat bos containing eom- 

I lOUt plete out lit fur Slmrthand 
pupils, such as note books, pencils, pens, rubber 
inkstand, etc., etc . will be pent, pnsrpald, "r ei- 
pr^ssaire prepalrt. to am part ..i the L'nited States 



On the Mississippi, about 


Peirce's System of Penmanship 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

I Membership in the Business Department is 


lent is $40 a 

4th. No vac 

■an he made a 

k Membership in the Penmanship Depart 
. J &40.00. 

'Ihe tntal expi'iisc is ahum -half (hat nf 

' ' ger cities. 

Pplicutiniis fur admission 

3 guarantee ntperior Instruction and ex- 

Ctli. Send three Inter stumps I'm' Journal, olrcu- 

ai and specimen ..]' Penmanship. 

. ■ i r. :■.. . : d i hhi with Method 

-I lusli net ii Ki K.Vi-cl, i-cifcclc.l, inipinvcl 'I he 
■Icventh eilitmii miw ready. Sample copies sent 
m receipt of 25 cents. By the dozen, i 

per volume. Remember, it i 

bunk of its kind t 
hundred (TOOl i4ut 
with Articles, Ld 

- published ; 
;, Criticisms and Discussions, 

s of superior paper, 

It of instruction. : 


Penmanship, and covering 1 

volume of this "TREATISE" 
"len ready. 

with each 

Chandler H. Peirce, 



Penman Kltner's College, 



MIVld.TllS. -isianlp Pliuios ■ "■■ I"''' ]l " ■ 


I't nman-hil. and Hie 


■ m %r, foru 



i ,.fi(. et lorn r, cii* 





Business College, 

707 to 713 Broad St., Newark, N. J., 

Trains Tonne Men, Bovs, Mid ill.? -aged Men and 

Y..iinir l/nii' - tor a successful start, in Business 
Life. The Largest and nl.-i popular School in the 

i r.-al v nines No Yaealii.i 
(■a agisted tn situations, 
if unci College Jnurnal i 

■ ■I lmsin, ,s liansactio 

. COLEMAN, Prill. 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correspondence. 

The First School of its kind in America. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Distance no objection. Low rates and satis- 

t and Testlmo. 

Pen Artist, Utica, N. Y., 

Hoes all kinds of Ornamental Pen Work. Memo- 
rlali, Diplomas. < ■ L .riilic..tcs .{esohitlons etc en- 
(trussed In a sklllini ami arti-tic- manner. Corres- 
pondence solicited wiih | .ft Ti jh ■ - |ia\ iug engrossing 
to be done Pieces of flourishing fresL from the 
pen, 10 cents, 3 (or 25 cents. Large pieces 25 and 


win eive you one set of alphabets fo 


INK POWDEItS and Directions, , 


for ?i Stamps tak 
If not satis ' ■ 

I" refunded 

c. each, 5 for 

satisfactory, return work, and money \ 

Specimens 10c Circulars free. 6-1 

Northern Illinois Normal Sell 

J. B. Dllle, Principal. 


PROF. a. W. DIX 

^ dozen of Ms finest cards L 

Specimen fkmrU.nlng l 
J F. FISH. Cleveland. Ohio. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy, Accurate and Reliable. Send Stamp for B 
*i page Circular Machine-, Mot on trial 
V. s 

New Yor k Agency, Xi Union So.Uare 

■ become Export at Figures.— 10.000 Sold. 
(- postpaid. Star Pub. Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

"Williams' School of Penman- 
ship by Mail " 

Is now one of the departments of los Angeles 
Business Collect.- and English Training School. 

My school by mail is now a pronounced success. 
Twenty lessons for |R 00 Send for circulars. 
Those wiihlne a thorough drill under our personal 
Instruction will find no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 
cts. D. B. WILLIAMS- Princpal, 

'or rapid writing, use Nos, a> and 2S. 



s, Brooklyn, E. D 

Will be Mailed on Receipt of S 

\ Specimen Letter to you personally. . 
\ Sheet of Combinations 

Address, c. P. ZA 



drawn with any Pen (or Type Wr 



e William, Street, New York, 

OTSEND 25 CTS. and get your name and to 


on S|\ Fine Lead Pencils. Catalogue. Scl 1 

lilies and Novelties wirh lirxt order Address 


a written In full, i 

hand, price list d 
tended Movemei_„ 

Cards, Flourishing, 

of Lessons by Mall, Ks- 
Tracing Exercises, Capitals, 


a Junction, Iowa. 


El. ... 

, „„„,/,, 
me. Yo.. .._ 
nplete monogram i 

will Ijc delighted the 
onogram of trie tu.-nt, -i\ 
1'iipititl Letters will be .sent as a premium wlih 
ich order. Stamps received. Address 

J. G. ANDERSON, Falcon, Tenn. 
Tour monogram of the ji; capital letters is ingen- 

day gr mdli 

T lOM.-tU'S I 

E K 

SHORTHAND <>>".ouiihiy .„u f ht 
. — ^^ by Mail or Personally 
TENOGRAPHERS,; ••■ ■ i .• J 

ALfGR APHsri 1 '; ,?t?! iik? , "'' CN '° 


* A thousand vears as n rlnv Wn nrftl 

day. No arithmetic 


xpresseil themselves not only hiehly 
pienseu with the i.ourie. hut. surprised at liie 
quantity and quoliu, ,i copies. Tiio "SQ-Ugson 
Vvhm in iVrithuf consists of n multitude of 
-leu-nnily writt.u copies, embracing Exercises 
Small Writing, Capitals, Word and Sentence 
lollies, linslnc-s [-'onus. I.eucr Writing, Husincs, 
and Fancy Capitals, Series each ,„ Mnscnlar 
and YYtiolearm I'apual Exercises, business and 
Fancy Initial i cm hi nations, etc f-ff- AU amla 
,/ir.rt fmm ,„ v „ wn ,„ n f^'Also explicit 

-Tinted Instr- "- 


* teriet of 

lolors Automatio 1 

Penmanship at the V. I. 

~Sp r . <ti,.ns of Writing, Fivntrishinq an- 

Mention Titk .lor pin a: 


perfectly as a machine. 


converted into an Ohltque Holder for 

Flourishing and shading, and the only perfe, 

9 tipping over tendency unavoidable In t 

•he "MULTIPLE" \- 

be indispensable to every 

a the rule Itself, 

es its cost ea> ti .lav in time and perfect work. 
Samples mailed for I'.V . and -pechil liberal terms to col- 
leges and schools \\ ishini; t.> adojit them. 

12-3 P. 0. Box Ml, New York City. 

in the opinions of 

ntelligcnt people even though coating 
'e aim at this first, If you prepare a tlesign or 
, be sure to make It in sharp clear black India 
rdlnary writing fluid. Please write us for oir- 
enclose copy for estimate before planing your 
the best is the cheaper in the 

Address ,.s ibovft 


5 ".'.r. ./. ,.■:'■.. 


rapid Mini most legible 'I lie l,i(> 

Inst. In the West (.'lit ulan free \ < J ■ I r - - 

largest Short hand 


Prest. and Prln., 
i Olive St., St. Loult, I 


I the pen ■ 'licap. r than an) 

ssed for .-lyl- L -iapliic 


.'» c. nl>. n.m'iine color 
u sample wbluh will 
: gallon of Ink. Un- 

ZsTOW -RttJ^JDlT. 





With Two Supplementary Books. 



systematize and teach writing in accordance with the usages of the best 
writers in the business world. 

guishing features of " Spencers' New Standard Writing." It effects a saving 
of from 15 to 25 per cent, in the labor of writing and a corresponding 
saving of time in learning to write. 

A Sample Set, containing all numbers, sent for examination on receipt 
of $1.00. 

Full Descriptive Circular sent, on request, to any address. 

Ivison, Blakeman & Co., 

753 and 755 Broadway. New York. 

r.iNt, the 


very best business training. The Course Is an 
embodiment of the latest and most approved 
methods ret attained by the beet American Busi- 
ness Colleges. 

It Is progressive and thorough In all its appoint- 
ments and departments. 

The methods for Illustrating actual business In 
use in Hualness Practice Departments, are 
conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These "Business Practice" Depart- 
ments alone. In this institution, contain a more 
complete course of training than the entire course 
In many Business Colleges that claim to be among 
the best. 

The Principal of this Department Is an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as well as a teacher 
of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
to his pupils. For more complete 

irclal i 



This Is Exclusively a School ot Penman- 
ship, and is, without an exception, the best lu 

The Principal of this Department stands at 
the head of the Profession as an Artist; and 
as a Toucher of Penmanship, "he has no liv- 
ing equal," and devotes six hours dally to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend a school wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives ills time to teaching. 
This School turns out more finished penmen 
than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
partments In the United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pen- 
manship Is Teachers" Training, as well as the 
development of Pen Artists ; also Black- 

I tor ' 



Eclectic School of Shorthand &, Typewriting. 

information regarding this Depart- 




Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

, etc. The first complete 
i crowding or stretching 

ist.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn the 

System. Only six books. 
2d. — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovi 

system to present abbreviated forms of capitals, i 
3d. — The lateral spacing is uniform, each word tilling a given space and 

to secure such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
5th. — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. See above copies. Contrast them with such words 

as "zeugma, urquesne, xylus, ten 1 fly, mimetic and xuthus." 
6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one Bixth more paper than in the books of 

any other scries — and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

very attractive to the pupil. 
8th. — Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 

Il 1 

?! I 




h 1 


All the Copies 

of the Series 





A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

Published Monthly 
at 205 Broadway, N. Y. for $1 per y 


Entered at the Post Office of Ne 
N Y ,3s Second-Class Mail Ma 


Vol. XII.— No. 3. 

Representative Penmen of 


I'r.ui. „/ ..: 1) Burin ■■ '■'/■ ..;'.., i . 
..j Imetiea. 

The owner of the portrait to the right has 
been with uu Bince July 14, 1841, making 
his./-/.-// al tbe town 0( Livonia, New York. 
Some years after thai event lie picked up 
the threads of a general education at the 
county district schools, and finished out the 
fabric by a term at tbe Genesee Wesleyan 
Seminary, Lima, New fork, Inthewinter 
of 1861-62 be took a three months' course 
under Dr. J. 0. Bryant in the Bryant & 
Stratton Business College, Buffalo. 

.Mr Williams' first essay at pedagogy was 
iu the sue teedlng winter, when be taugbi 
penmonship at Dansville, .New Vork. In 
iss4 he returned to the Buffalo college as a 
teacher, and two years Intel was trmsf erred 

by the Bryant & Slral syndicate to the 

management of their Rochester college. 



. the i 

of the lari 

ei. the [oin 



Mr Williams became the proprietor of 
the Rochester school shortly after tbe death 
of Mr Btrattou Subsequently be acquired 
by purchase the original Eastman Business 
College, of that city, and merged the two 
institutions. The school did not take its 
presenl name until in6i). six years later 
Mr. F. E Rogers became a joint propr 
of the institution, and tin enterprising firm 
has gown hard work and common sense, 
and tcaped an abundant harvest of dollars 
and satisfaction ever since, 

A number of text books on accounting, 
which bitve attained a widespread popular- 
ity, bear the imprint of our subject's name 
aud the impress of his genius, tie has 

illwoys taken a lively interest in business 

college affairs, and was chosen as the Presi- 
dent of the Business Educators' Association 
of America at their last meeting, an bonor 
be wear- wilh becoming dignity. He is a 
companionable man and modest withal to a 
degree as these, bis own words, attest i 

"My succi ass in life, viewed from any 
standpoint, bus not been remarkable, and 
vhat I have accomplished has been due as 
much to tbe ability and devoted labor of 
faithful associate- aud teachers, as to my 

iwn ability or effort. The ambition of my 
nth to tic- connected with a commercial 
school that should have a good name, an 
important Influence and a large patronage 
lias been in a measure realized, but 1 still 
have unfulfilled dreams of a school with a 
broader curriculum, occupying a more com- 
modious building and exciting a still wldei 
One that shall have a useful life 
■in,. i mine is closed " 


1 H] .I,.i i;n U 

went straight to the mark. The things 
which seems to puzzle its reader* most it 
how we can offer such liberal inducements, 
Still, thl fact remains that we do make the 
Offers, and their surprise does- not prevent 

Lheil taWn* advantage of them. There is 
"" flwbl "I it, the new premiums are a 
big hit. 

"Splurgers" and Penmen. 

There is nothing more fascinating to the 
young penman than skating around upou 
paper with tbe pen. The beautiful forms 
produced, wilh graceful lines, are so charm- 
ing that nearly all tbe practice of the youug 
penman is of this nature. When be is able 
to produce as beautiful lines and flourishes 

purposes and general use than the new-born 
card-writer, whose habit is to splurge 
around on paper. 

Ninety-nine hundredths of all writing is 
done between lines. A person who cannot 
write with ease and beauty, so as to make 
a pleasiug page, with all tbe letters between 
the lines ruled, is no penman, no matter 
bow experienced a card-writer he may be. 

L. WILLIAMS. I'resl.l 

as the expert penman can do, be flatiers 
himself that be has nearly mastered tbe art 
of penmanship, while in reality he has 
acquired nothing but lightness of touch. 
Not having stood to form and held him- 
self closely lo standard letters, he is apt to 
conclude that form is simply a matter of 
taste, and Unit bis letters are entitled to as 
much reaped as those of others. 

The chief practice of tbe majority of 
such persons is upon signature- and emu. 
binations of letters, and tbe space which 
letters occupy is usually from a half an 
inch to two inches in width and height, 
When this practice is brought down 
so that combinations can be placed on 
cards, then, in the amateur's estimation, 
the world is blessed witb a new profes- 
sional p.mman But when his ability in 
practical writing is considered, be is as 
far from it as the average school boy. In 
fact the school-boy's practice is between 
lines, and his writing is better for business 

While there la a great field for those who 
can teach practical, beautiful writing, there 
is no field for tbe splurger, Let one of these 
splurgers write a line of capitals, between 
lines, then, examining it carefully and criti- 
cally, be can judge of bis own lack of prac- 
tical ability. Any one who must resort to 
splurging and flourishing to show skill, has 
in reality no practical skill, as such work is 
no practical test of real practical ability. 
The real test is pages of accurate, standard 
writing done between lines. 

Those who acquire such ability have 
something of use to themselves and to the 
world, aud as teachers ihey are valuable; 

but those who are splurgers on papi p, I 

cannot do accurate page work between the 
rulings, are the ones who, by attracting the 
attention of the public and assuming to be 
penmen, are apt to lead many to believe 
that penmen are not practical writers. 

During tbe last twenty years the offices 
of tbe penmens' papers have been flooded 

with thousands of -peciniens of flourishing. 
which have been highly complimented, but it 
is a noticeable fact that rarely one out of a 
hundred of these splurgers ever rise to be 
professional penmen ; they never acquire the 
practical ability to do standard writing or 
make themselves systematic penmen Tiny 
flash aud go out of existence like so many 
cheap rockets, while those who master 
standard practical writing, which is dune 
between lines, find a ready market for their 
services. They have something which is 
substantial, practical, and of real value to 
themselves and a practical world. 

Ptto Bono Publico. 

The Copybook Question. 

One who Una Eaten it. 
Iu the December number of The Jour- 
nal, Chandler H. Peirce, under the bead of 
"Tbe Science of Teaching Penmanship," 
says : ■' The poor writing, as a rule, is tbe 
product of a copybook combined with poor 
instruction," and then goes on and tries to 

prove that tbe fault all lies in thecop] 1 1 

ff poor instruction combined with a copy- 
book produces poor writers, will the result 

be any bettor if WO remove the copybook? 

Arguing as he does we might just as truly 
say that the poor mathematicians air (he 
result of arithmetics aud if we would burn 
the books the children would all he phil- 

We occasionally meet a teacher who 
claims to teach without a text book and who 
boldly asserts thai "the old fogies who 

Uave written most of our le\! bOOkfl are DOl 
up to the \wv<]s Of the times." They go 
before their classes with no book in sight, 
but if wc look into their libraries we find 
White, Kobinson, Hay. Filter and others, 
all carefully labeled and every leaf bearing 
marks of frequent investigation. They 
talk freely and use the blackboard I" gOOd 

advantage, and always take ureal pains to 
impress upon the minds of their bearers 
that what they teach are their own original 
ideas and that at some future time Ihey 
will write a book thai will put all others 
out of existence. While it i- true that (as a 
rule) the professional penmen iu private 
institutions, when tin class,. * ate small, do 
not use cop\ hooks, it j s equally true that in 
the public schools of all our large cities 
where the rooms are tilled to overflowing. 
copybooks are used and they arc considered 
by those who produce the best writers iu 
these schools as indispensable, and whether 
it be the style now in use or one filled will, 
"systematic movement exercises "as >ug 
geslcd, tbe copybook will remain. 

In all our larger private schools engraved 
copies of some sort arc used, sometimes in 
book form and sometimes in slips. 

Mr. Peirce says : " No system of copy- 
books to-day recognizes any difference in 
the instruction for children and pupils ol 
more advanced years ' 1 would like to ask 
the gentleman if lie has examined the i.. 
ceutly composed copybooks? If so he has 
found the si/c of letter spacing, length of 
words aud lengih of line, gradually chang- 
ing and becoming more difficult from No. 1 
to No. 6 aud on There is a gradual devel- 
opment from the simplest small letter/ to 
the full grown capitul letter, and from the 
word of two letters to the full line copy 

i a complete business letter. Is 
difference? On the cover of 
every ooe of these books is a ebarl show- 
ing the height, width and Blanl of every 
I ii. i both small and capital, and on 
ibe same cover are exercises adapted to 
every COpy in the several hooks. The i* 

e cercUi - are graded from those appropriate 
in the primaries to those which try the 
skill of adult pupils, Mr. Peircc'a article 
as a whole, read* very much like tho-e 
written by persons who are just getting 
ready to publish :i "new and original 
system of penmanship " The alleged 

• copybotb annihilator " wrote iu very 
much the same strain just before his first 
and last was bom. Perhaps it's catching. 
When the Eclectic copybooks first appeared 
they were very much after the plan of 
" movement exercise- . " but they were a 
failure aud the publishers wen- obliged lo 
change to the regular form. Somewhere 
about 1858, P. It. Spcncerpublished a series 
of exercise copybooks, but they did not sell, 
and Buch will be the rate of any book 
which runs exclusively 10 exercises ami 
does not follow a thorough system of 
graded copies. There must he a very 
carefully-executed model placed before the 
pupil and this must be where lie can con- 
veniently and easily compare bis work with 
it. The more perfect and symmetrical the 
model the higher will be the pupil's aims 
and the more perfect will be the results. 

[n 1871, Curtiss put nut some books with 
the copies all grouped upon three or four 
pnges, but he was obliged to change and 
have the copy put at the top of the page 
h heir the pupils could more easily compare 
their worts with it. 

There are theories and theories, hut the 
proof of the puddiug is in the eating of it, 
Iu looking over the list ol cities in which I 
am somewhat acquainted I find that where 
they reach any great degree of excellence 
copybooks arc iu use. It may be that in a 
small city where the special teacher of 
penmanship can visit every school once or 
twice a week, fair results may be obtained 
without a cipyhook, but in a large city, 
where the superintendent of writing cannot 
en. i oftener than once a month, there must 
be B copybook. 

Some three years ago I took charge of the 
writiug in a city of about 30,000 where 
there had been for six years previous a 
special teacher of penmanship who did not 
believe in copybooks and they were not 
used in the schools. The teachers in ihe 
High school asked me if something could 
not be done to improve the writing, so that 
when the pupils entered the High school 
their writing could be read. The complaint 
was that they wrote too slowly, that when 
they were hurried in the least it was im- 
possible to read it, I did not find any who 
could write wilh ease or rapidity. 

My first step was to put Bond's staff-rulei! 
book in, and in the second term of the first 
year we put in copybooks. The pupils 
sent into the High school at the close of my 
Bret year were complimented on their 
writing. Those who entered the second 
year were belter and at the close of the third 
year tbe general verdict was that there 
never had been so great a change in any 
branch iu the schools of the cily as had 
been made in the writing in the three years 
thai we had used copybooks, and upon 
careful investigation it was found that two 
thousand children had saved a thousand 
dollars each year in the expense of paper 
aloue, that is to say that copybooks and 
practice hooks together were cheaper by 
fifty cents per pupil than loose paper and 
no copybook, At the close of my third 
year pupils from the A Grammar schools 
went Solo business Offices as wriu v. ami re- 
ceived ui my compliments upon the busi- 
ness-like appearance of their writing aud 
the ease and rapidity with which they 
could execute it, We sent several bound 
volumes of work to Chicago and they were 

exhibited at the National Teachers' A-snri- 

ation.inJuue L881 

I would not bring in this bit of personal 
history if it did no) tit the case so well. 

h is true that good results do not al\va\s 
follow the use of copybooks. It is equally 
true of all books. The f null is not id the 
1 \- but in Ibe way it is used. 

It is not my purpose at this time to say 
how I would use a copybook, but at some 

time 1 hope lo -ay something on tin use 
and the abuse of the copybook. 

W F Lyon. 

The Pen Still Supreme. 

The Renl Blgnlflcanoe ofn Slovenly. Illegl- 

Since type writing machines have sprung 
into such general use. partially displacing 
penmanship in certain departments of the 
hii-ine-- world, main youtpj persons bavi 
become impressed with the idea thai it is 
no longer necessary to write a good hand. 
It is needless to say that this idea is a mis- 
taken one. T\ pe hi iters can take the place 
of penmanship only to a very limited ex 
tent. Tbe time and labor required at school 
to enable a hoy or girl to write a clear and 
legible hand must continue to be profitably 
spent, It will bear excellent fruits in after 

Slovenliness in penmanship is like sloven 
liness in anything else— it is a bad habit 
All young peop'e should avoid it. It is the 
duty of every boy aud girl to write a band 
which may be easily read. Only in the 
aged is a poor hand excusable. 

Penmanship is usually an index to char 
acter. It too often happens that a slipshod 
penman is a person of slipshod habits. I 
once saw the signature of a well-known 
Englishman, who visiied this country a few 
years ago on a lecturing tour, in a bote] 
register at Omaha, Neb. A mere glance at 
it showed that it could not be the signature 
of a modest and refined gentleman. The 
name and address occupied almost an entire 

mnnsbip. saving both time and labor. I's 
field, however, is limilcd. and will never 
displace penmanship, except in special de- 
partments. There wilt always be room in 
the business world for boys and young men 
who can write a legible band On the con- 
trary, youthful imitators of the chiekeu- 
track signatures of certain great men will 
find that the typewriiercan not aid them 
much Poor penmanship in a young per- 
son is never an evidence ol budding great- 
ness , Inil very oflen an unfailing sign of 

downright carelessness,— 27! /'. Mason, in 
Pittsburg Christian AdtocaU 

An Expert in Writing. 

Mrs. Patti Lyle Collins is a reader of 
blind handwriting in Ihe Dead f. el lei De- 
partment of the I'osl Office at Washington. 
She has been there for many years and is 
paid a liberal salary for her work, is not 
afraid of going out or coming in adminis- 
trations, because she is an expert in her 
profession. She is a bright, elever woman, 
and has an encyi lnp:euic memory I'oi names 
and places, as well as a happy faculty of 

illegible or nonsensical chirngraphy on the 
backs of envelopes. I found her seated at 
her desk ft! the noon hour, eating the fru- 
gal lunch the department clerk carries iu 

The Science of Advertising. 

' • :e, and should he 

studied like a book by all men and wo 
who arc in busim-s There are but few 
people who properly estimate the value of 
good advertising. You may h 
torious business, but it nobodj hut your- 
self knows it. you will undoubtedly fail. 
It is like sowing, -tbe profits are leaped 


The Object of advertising is lo attrnctj 

ihe attention of the people to ; 
ness, and induce them to patn 
Nothing can be too good to be advertised 
wilh profit. The 'poorer the busic 
less it will pay lo advertise it; and the 
more nieril (here is in the business, Ihe bet- 
ter it will pay to make ii known 

-leal C08t, 

Because a man establishes a good tn 
without using printer's ink is no reafeffl 
why he should not advertise, for if 
would, his business might be increased t 


There are hundreds <>t ways to advertJpj 
but one of the most effective methods i 
use printer's ink. 

It may be divided into ihe following 

yj ' y , * 


iit£?/£, /r/f. 

c? „ C/prt*f<>?iS „ , S2' r ?'/', p/ J - J2SS* 

ScCA _y' ' ','t/^s/' £<-'*-<n*. 

1 /- 

7 ' ° 


; J 

; J 





page, scrawled in a bold and irregular hand. 
There was an air of arrogance and assump- 
tion about the penmanship which impressed 
one very unfavorably. Anybody seeing it 
would have said . " This person has an ex- 
alted idea of his owu importance." 

It is a pleasure to see penmanship which 
may be read at a glance, unless it be a 
brazen and exaggerated signature like the 
one just mentioned. There is no uecessily 
in the business world or in private corres- 
pondence for artistically shaded capitals 
and dainty hair-lines, which are of no prac- 
tical value. A round, clear, legible hand, 
hearing the stamp of a lucid and active 
mind, meets the requirements of anv sta- 
tion in life. 

Next to a clean reputation a good baud 
most aids a boy seeking employment. One 
of the first questions an employer usually 
asks r boy, Is : " Are you a good penman v " 
A man of business is very apt to think thai 
a careless penman is not likely to be watch- 
ful of his interests, and avoids him aeconl 
ingly. Of two hovs applying for a situa- 
tion, one a good writer, the other an 
indifferent one, there can be little question 
as to which will secure the place. 

Tbe typewriter is a great labor-savei 
To many men of business, lo ministers, 
lawyers anil oilier*, it has been found very 
useful Combined with phonography it 
has almost entirely done away with pen- 
manship in some businesses. In offices 
where an immense correspondence is car- 
ried on. it has proved more rapid Hum pi n 

the regulation paper bag. She very kindly 
gave a brief skelch of her work, aud showed 
her method of deciphering blind addresses 
aud making into good English the mongrel 
languages recorded on the back of envelopes 

"How iiima languages do vou speak, 
Mrs Collins! I Inquired 

" Every known language except the Rub 
sian and' Chinese," she answered. " We 
have few Russian letters sent to this coun- 
try, and the Chinese are so careful in pre- 
paring the addresses— usually having 

How many letters do you read daily ?" 

"About 1,000; but these letters are never 
opened : only the addresses are read." 

" Under w'hal adniinislralion was this de- 
partment established ?" 

■■ Under the management of Postmastt r 
Genera) Key ; but 1 have held the position 
only eight years." 

" Do these careless correspondents appre- 
ciate the work you ilo V" 

"Yes I receive many letters of thanks 
addressed simply to the Dead Letter De- 
partment. A woman in England wrote to 
the Postmaster-General, asking him lo find 
her brother in Massai huselt-. Aim lira 
that he had left Ihe old country thirteen 
years before arid his relatives bad never 
heard of him siuce. I found him nt No. 4 
Harrington street. Lowell. Mass His trade 
was givi ii and l n asoned from this that he 
would be found in a manufacturing town. 
After a year another letter came bore mia 
directed to tbe same man. I never forget 

a name, and when I read, Mr. James 
Gunn, No. 4 Barrington street. United 
Slates of America,' I knew where to send 
it. The man has communicated with his 
friends after thirteen years."— ifeu Orleans 
Times- /'< mocrai, 

methods : Positive, negative, direi I 
direct advertising. 

Positive advertising ci nsista in makiffl 
known the merits of the bus ]i 1 

drawing the attention aud patronogi ol ' be 

Negative advertising consists in d 
the attention but not the patronage Of £ffl 

An uneducated person may so shape his 
advertisements as to make his business and 
his ignorance quite well known. In fact, 

lie may become the topic of COOVersatlffl 
and the laughing slock of the toVi 0, but Ibe 
more publicity he gains the less be will he 

patronized, Dealing dishonesty with cub 

loniris nv heitiL' saucy or impudent to then* 
are other illustrations of negative idvertfl 

In direct advertising the attention of tb« 
people is called directly to the busineq 
The following is an example ol 


At lowest prices at tht American Book Stom 

Indirect advertising consists in Brsl Bj 
tractlng the attention or curiosity of tjj 

people, and then leading tbemui bi iousj 

to the nature Of your business In lln 
above example mam people would raafj 
only ■ book • tnd tationerj ," and ibus 
leave the advertisement without knowing 
the place or nam. ,.| tin I, mi. But 
following indirect adverlisetiien i Him would 
be taken entirely by surprise, hut not nntil 

A fiftiT vs Tfihli li I rr,,l i,l midnight 

yesterday between two strong ennU-stantB at the 
Amerfoan Book Store, London In wMob higfa 
prices for book* were either killed ur e based from 
the bmtlle field If you di.n't believe It call at the 
American Book Store. 

While this may be a good method of 
making your business known, yet there is 
danger of overdoing it, as the reader be- 
comes more or less disgusted when besets 
the deception. However, Ihe disgust docs 
not equal the desire for " low prices," und 
if uot made too sensational, indirect ad- 
vertising will u -Mildly prove profitable. 

A fraudulent business may work up a 
good trade for awhi'e by sending out nega- 
tive advertisements, but the deception cun 
not exist long until »he real nature of the 
business will be made manifest, and then, 
of course, failure follows. A fraudulent 
concern must either travel from place to 
place or else send its circulars to new vic- 
tims ; but even then it can not long exist, 
especially if it advertises extensively. But 
a local establishment can never advertise 
much for any length of time with profit 
unless it is a meritorious concern. It might 
be well for the reader to remember this 
A merchant that sells poor goods at high 
prices may continue his business ten years 
by not advertising, but if he should dabble 
iu printer's ink extensively be would be 
compelled to make au assignment by the 
end of a year. Advertising brings in new 
customers, and makes known the actual 
nature of the business, no difference what 
the circulars announce. If they misrepre- 
sent, then it will be discovered and woe to 
the proprietor. A merchant who sells good 
articles at low prices and deals pleasantly 
with his customers may make a good living 
without advertising, but if he understood 
the science and would indulge in it freely 
he would in a short time be a rich man, all 
other things being equally well managed. 

slovenly manner. This is also applicable lo 
teacher* in higher grades. 

Thc teacher who can discipline well, write 
correctly, and possesses a reasonable a mount 
of enthusiasm is capable of obtaining excel 
lent results in tin- writing class 

In a simple way I will give a brief out- 
line of some of the methods we pursue here 
in the Cleveland Training School, hoping 
thereby to open the subject for discussion 

four feet of space, and each space is num- 
bered so that iu criticising all can readily 
find the work referred to. 

The first lesson is given on signals, posi- 
tion at the board, how to hold the crayn, 
etc , with drill on planting straight lines, 
principles and letters. Second lesson — 
Practice ou slaDtiug lines, tellers aid 
words. The class should obey signals 
promptly, write with uniform time, and at 

and hear from others older in practice and 
abler than myself. To slut w the importance 
of the work in the Training School, permit 
me lo state that about six hundred teachers 
are employed iu the primary and grammar 
grades, consequently changes in the teach- 
ing force are frequent and substitutes are 
called from the Training School. A large 
per cent, of the graduates are elected lo 
positions in our city schools. 

a fair rate of speed, making letters, etc., as 
we call either by name or by number the 
principles that enter into the composition of 
the work. 

Iu the succeeding lessons exercises may 
be given and tetters introduced iu the order 
of their classification When sufficient pro- 
gress has been made individual members 
of the class are required to call either 
by mmc or by number the principles as 

not only be familiar with the theory of pen- 
manship, but also the errors that are com- 
mon in classes belonging lo his grade, •<> as- 
to iv.>hi ihrm it possible, or lo learn bow lo 
correct them when once made. 

Iu short. Ihe four steps in teaching writ- 
ing are to knout, > zeeute, oritidte and correct. 

The Trick of a Forger, 
A new dodge is al the surface of the flood 
of thieving schemes, which runs so cease- 
lessly, and it is nothing more or less than 
writing an apparently innocent letter, 
wherein the intending swindler seeks some 
apparently reasonable information from his 
correspondent. As for instance : 

"Sir:— Last Thursday you exchanged some 
monoy for an Individual, giving large notes for 
small ones. Did you make a mistake, and bow 
much? If you will tell the amount, I will see you 
will get it back by express, Answer immediately. 
" Yours truly, John Dob." 

It may be the person thus addressed will 
be inclined to answer so simple an inquiiy 
by saying either that he did not make such 
au exchange, or (if be did) that there was 
no error ; but in any case the swindler's 
purpose is fulfilled, he "has obtained the 
true signature of his correspondent," and 
thus is in possession of means lo forge or 
blackmail. Therefore, we repeat what we 
have so often said, "Write no letters," to 
answer enigmatical inquiries from stran- 

Ben, The Penman on the Stage. 
Editor of The Jouiinai. : 

I want to tell the readers of Tins Jour- 
nal something about a delightful entertain- 
ment I had the pleasure of seeing at 
Masonic Temple. New York, on February 25. 
Its features were musical and dramatic, and 
it was under the direction of Mnie. Benja- 
min F. Kelley, wife of the far-famed pen- 
man, who also loaned his efforls to making 
the affair a success. There were twelve ad- 
ditional artists, all of whom won applause 

^vpyngAt WS7btjPUlman&f(uistcjf 

Know, Execute, Criticise, 


In cities of considerable size a superinten- 
ded of writing must instruct children 
largely through the regular teachers. He 
musl necessarily look to ihein for his suc- 
cess as an Instructor, and considering them 
M bra assistants it i-. his imperative duty lo 
see that the teachers are not only conver- 
sant with the theory of penmanship, but 
:i "' also efficient in execution, and more 
especially in their blackboard work. 

Children in the primary grades are sus 
ceptible lo impressions, and workiug largely 
by imitation, it is inconsistent for a teacher 
'n throw his daily work on the board iu a 

Two lessons a week are given the normal 
class, and a part of this time is used for 
blackboard instruction and drill 

The class is divided into two grades, and 
occasionally a member of the advanced 
grade is called upon to give a lesson to a 
part of the class while one division is writ- 
ing on the hoard under the direction of the 
Superintendent of Writing 

The first lessons are given to instruction 
anil drill in position, pen holding, move 
ment, etc. Letters are introduced in the 
order of their classification, Early in -the 
term blackboard drill is given, und us we 
consider this an important feature in the 
course, I will dwell somewhat on this part 

An automatic peucil is used in ruling Ihe 
blackboard, with base, head and top lines, 
allowing two inches for the height of short 

<»ue division of the class is sent lo the 
board, and each pupil is allowed three or 


the class write combinations and sboit 

This requirement is given to show their 
knowledge of forms and to develop a quick 
application of the principles, also to teach 
the class to count wilh uniform time and at 
a good rate of speed. 

Our course with the class while using pen 
and ink is in many respects similar to the 
blackboard drill. 

Before graduating members of the ad- 
vanced class are required to serve in the 
capacity of assistant teachers in one of the 
primary grades, where they may profit by 
observations; also conduct a few of the 
writing lessons. 

Inexperienced or unqualified teachers re- 
ceive a course of instruci ion similar in many 
respects to the one given in the Normal 

In order that a teacher may utilize the 
time allowed for writing (which Is from 
twelve to thirty minutes a day) he should 

by clever work in the way of solos and in- 
strumental selections. 

But ihe feature of the occasion was a 
sparkling comedietta entitled " Kaleido- 
scopic Views of Married Life," from the 
trenchant pen of Mr. Kelley himself. The 
author and his accomplished wife were the 
main features in tbis drama, which won a 
great deal of applauseand well earned itall, 
Those who witnessed the production expect 
to see it presented on Ihe professional 

The play opens with the fifteenth mini 
versary of Mr, and Mrs Geo. Snlobs wed- 
ding, It has a quick movement, domestic 
cyclones of monumental proportions being 
sandwiched between scenes of blissful bill- 
ing and cooing, ihe whole fabric pervaded 
with that delightful thread of humor for 
which the author is noted. 

The profession may also be interested lo 

hat the in 
was Mr. Harvey A 
author and teach 
manager of a su< 
His part of the 
unnecessary to sa 
grace and spirit. 

isario of tbi 

ell kn 

°Pc|)'f of ^f<OMoqiapf«j. 

The list of words nml phrases which must 
be distinguished by outline, notes on otais 
bIod "i i onson&nts, syllable*, words, etc.. 
which ii was intended to publish in this 
issue, could aot be got in shape in so short 
ji time. We hope to present it in the uexi" 
The preparation of the list is a wort of cor 
siderablc magnitude, and we believe it wil 
be the best thine; of tlie kind that Munson 
phonographic students li::>i i.m •< El I D 

Shorthand in Journalism. 
A. E. Leon, who apparently speaks witb 
the authority of an expert, both in Journal- 
ism and stenography, discusses with a de- 
gree of cleverness in a recent Dumber of 
riu Writer demands of shorthand in prac- 
tical newspaper work. This refrain he 
puts in the mouth of numerous editors: 

f it is the mist disagrei able 
and tedious branch of news- 
paper work. 

the reporter who can do it 
commands no higher salary 

] Hie ■ 

■Mm. . 

if a man once demonstrates 
his ability for good verbatim 
drudgery . the avenue of of- 
fice advancement is at once 
and forever closed to him. 
the use of stenography, and 
continued reliance upon it, 
tends to injure the memory, 
without which a thorough 
journalist is as a ship with- 
out a rudder— a kite with- 
out a tail. 

ii ruins a man's originality, 
makes him a mere cog- 
wheel in the in the intricate 
mechanism of bis office, and 
destroys whatever he may 

I is not news." 

" What cau be said in opposition to tbi 
formidable arraignment t Simply this ; 

"First, that, other things being equal, n 
working knowledge of shorthand is an in 
valuable help in securing a foothold upon 
any of the daily papers, 

" Secondly, that, other things being 
equal, when it comes to a question of man- 
agerial economy and reduction of force, the 
man who has this knowledge will be the 

"Thirdly, that there are times, however 
rare, in the experience Of every longhand 

journalist, when he needs to catch, verbatim 

some specially important utterance, and 
when not to be able to do s 
prolessinual accuracy of his 

brings home to himself a real: 

i defaces the 



s not BUfflcieDl V Mark 
you, I have said in every instance, Other 
things being equal. Unfortunately, it must 
be admitted, in too many eases they are 
not equal. The average shorthand writer 
has been, and is. too prone to settle down 
contentedly into the narrow rut of his spe- 
cialty, only arousing himself occasionally 
from his ploddiug to ask in wonder- 
ment why it is that, he is not appre- 
ciated, and why his salary is not in- 
creased. What he needs is to have 
infused into him the true spiril oi jour- 
nalism. Then he will see that, he has 
ouly made the mistake of assuming thai bis 
art is in and of itself the ultimate desider- 
atum io his profession, whereas it is but one 
of many tools for the accomplishment of a 
great end— the gathering and publishing ol 
news. He has confounded the derrick witb 
the granite block it was designed to lift 
He has fallen into the error of supposing 
that he his hollowed out a sacred niche for 
himself in the gallery of the profession, a 
trifle more exulted than his fellows, whereas 
he has done only what every aspirant for 
success as a reporter should do — fitted him- 
self for grappling with a possible emer- 

" The man who is merely a shorthand 
writer, and the man who is not oue, are 

neither wholly titled for newspaper work. 

I'll- r 1 1 : n ;i-i I ol a ■_' n :il Kii-lun |ia|i< V , | n \i 

the eall h ■ n hen be said . ' Wi are not 

in want . I sl]"l'lhand w Titers — what WE an. 
looking lor is journalists 

" That is the point exactly. That \- 
tlie whole matter. Tie modem daily. 
with its hurly-burly, its rush, and roar. 


a ] i" waste in " monkeying ' with 

specialists Is there an important mur- 
< ] ' i 1 1 1 :l I In he repot I I'd verbatim ? Good. 
It is u matter of news, and any member 
of the staff should be competent to handle 
il If any man is not competent lo do [he 
work, then does he Fall just so Fai sliorl 
of being thoroughly equipped in bis profes- 
sion , and there cau be but. one result— thai 
man will ultimately be crowded to the wall, 
Is there a criminal mysterj to solve, a case 
of bankruptcy to fathom, a fatal railroad 
accident to report V The same man should 
be on deck, if need be, nor feel that he, 
being a stenographer, is exempt from that 
duty which calls into action all the latent 
shrewdness and daring of his being. The 
English journals, in spite of their conserva- 
tive tendencies, long ago awoke to an ap- 
preciation of the value of this " all around " 
ability, and to day the attainment of short- 
hand is there a Btanding requirement for 
admission t the profession. It is the man 
upon whi in the management can call at 
any time, in any place, under any circum- 
stances, to du anything, for whom the ques- 
tion of salary is Bell-adjusting " 

A Wail from the Hub. 


vail ■ 

i Bosi 

. Stenoi 

raphy ■ 

"It was intended to inaugurate in this 
issue a scries of biographical sketches on 
the prominent stenographers of New Eng- 
land. The leading stenographers of Bos 
ton, so far as getting the lion's share of the 
shorthand work constitutes them leading 
stenographers, are too bashful to allow 

, [,1c 

by i 


or what is more probable, they are entirely 
apatheti< as far as the advancement of the 

profess] ttsideof themselves and their 

well tilled poeketbooks are concerned. 
These same stenographers get together iu 
conclave, and declare that measures should 
be adopted to secure the elevation of the 
art. but when a little aid or co-opi ration is 
really needed or desired, they are the last to 
respond. It seems the fact, in this part of 
the country, at least, that as soon as stcn 
ographers become wage earning, they lose 
all care or interest io the profession, outside 
of their own pockets, and exhibit an indif- 
ference, or even churlishness, to those who 
are seeking to do the work that they should 
he the first to countenance and aid, that is 
as reprehensible as ii is astonishing, and we 
are really of the opinion that nine-tenths of 
of the much deplored deterioration of Ibe 
stenographic profession is due the apathy. 
or even opposition, shown by those n boare 
looked up lo as the heads of the profession 
towards any efforts to elevate aud popular- 
ize it." 

Is this professional apathy which erieves 

Stenography' % soul general, or is it a pecu- 
liar product of the refrigerated Hub? 

Phonographic Notes. 

— An ingenious little type writer attach- 
ment that will keep count of the number of 
words written, is the invention of D. Gay, 
a Boston stenographer, 

— An advertisement for a female stenog- 
rapher which recently came to the attention 
of the OwinDptilihtii SfturllntntU /', was word, d 
something like this . ""WASTED— A young 
woman stenographer. Youth and beauty 

ii iquired, hut hard work, long hours 

ami small pay." Tin Slmrthander congratu- 
lates the advertiser upon making himself 
perfectly clear as to what he wants. Cer- 
tainly no one who accepts this place could 
leave it through any alleged misapprehen- 
sion of the requirements of the advertiser. 
Perhaps he had had some ""experience." 

YOU 3 


The follow in- Mtlircrs w . i e elected at the 
meeting of the Sin uihainl \\ liters' Associa- 
tion in the V. M. C. A. parlors ; Honorary 
Presidt ni. Chief Justice Taylor . President. 
W. Perkins: Vice President, A. Jardfnc j 
Secretary-Treasurer, C F Jones . Council, 
J, Smith, P ?. Dixon and II. Gill. 
Chief Justice Taj lor thanked the associa- 
tion for the compliment paid him. Presi- 
dent Perkins made an excellent address on 
shorthand work. The following programme 
was carried out : Ad. Ins. on " Phonog- 
raphy. Considered as an Instrument of Cul- 
ture, "by Rev. Father Drummotid; "Strange 
Experiences of Court Reporting," by W. 
Perkins, chief court reporter ; "The Injury 
oi One isihe Concern of All," by A. Porter , 
"Rapid Writers" by W. Coldwell, pioneer 
stenographs of the North weat; "What 
Ate \\>. Here For; or. Is an Association 
Necessary?" bj C. P. Jones, secretary for 
1887; "The Status of the Profession," by 
P, P. Dixon; "The Locomotive and the 
Pencil,' by \V II. Parr. The society ad- 
journed after votes of thanks had been 
passed to the retiring President, Mr. J. 0. 
Smith, those who took part in the pro- 
gramme, the Y. M. C. A for the use of the 
room, and Munson A: Allan for the use of 
their office for the regular mee ings of the 
society. — Winnipeg Sun. 

BID Nye'* Type Writer. 

The typewriter, in strong and willing 
hands, is smitier lhau the sword. I look 
for ibe type writer to take the place of In- 
dian oratory in our literature, and its tink- 
ling notes will soon be beard, I hope, in 
homes where the one-legged pen and the 
bollle of 1-luing all the writing now ar. 
doing. —Bill Kyi 


//.. OotmopolUan Shorthand*! earns Its title by 
straddling two countries. We ulwa's find a fair 
amount of entertainment in itspagus. It is now 
publishing the " \ loar at Wakefield " serially from 

„.-.., I- ■■ ,.!.. 


-. ill his f/„,„»j ,., ,,!,,■■ Monthly, 

lie has "collected quite ali.-tof 
►hortband dead-beats," which he proposes to uish 

out for the edification of his reader-. A shorthand 
dead Ileal list will lie a pleasing novelly anyhow. 

—Sttnogtaphy, Boston, has evidently seen The 
liner, arid has become very much better-looking 
in consequence. Charles C. Beale. the editor, says 
lie intends to stir up the profession in a vi ry lively 
nography a great deal better 

us with bi-weekly regularity and always makes 
known Us presence. It dues not seem to make 
any difference to Mr Cros* what other teachers 
ililnk of bis Eclectic system. He keeps right on 
turning out Eclectic i.uis, so to speak, and gelling 

—That exedlent organ of Benn Pitman phono- 
graph* Thi Phonographic Vagatine,la charge of 

Jerome P. Howard,* iauinnali, starts bravely Into 
Volume 11. There is u good deal of style about the 
paper, and we have no doubt it U extremely 
interesting to writers of Ibe Benn Pitman school, 
and to people generally who are Interested In the 
allegtd "spelling reform." 

—We have not seen Thi iTuiitor f»r a long t'me 
Wbe 1 1 il comes again we understand that u special 
feature will he a series of articles by Prof. E. C. 
Merrill, explaining his method of fumilhirizlng the 
word signs of the Graham System. The person 
win. Miceeeds in getting >nfrieieritly familiar with 
l hoe word -it-ns to tnni (hem into practical use is, 
in our opinion, an eighteen carat genius. 

TJu StudmVt Journal, Sew York, Mr. Graham's 
personal organ, comments with very pardonable 
pride upon the fact that the young men who took 
away the honors In "The Great American Writing 
lot " wrote shorthand of the Graham variety. 
Mi Graham thinks that Mr Dement, oue of the 
contestants, who i.s credited with 238 words a 
minute, ought not to bother at crawling along al 

s:iy 800 a minute 

—The monthly output of B n Mimes Phono- 
graphic World, New York, is the most varied and 
comprehensive of that of .'my ttenographlc publi- 
cation that we receive. The World has a great 
way of getting up discussions between steno- 
L.-r;i|.l,. i- .h-owilNg -hop i hand moi who can run 
away with re \v.,td-.a minute, booming the Rem- 
ington Standard type writer, and making itself 

L'rTii ra'h livclj and ago . ahV 

Written Cards! 



Thomas Allen Reed. tbegrent Loudon le- 
pOTter, has been through Ibe phonoprnphtr 
mill as effectively, perhaps, as any living 
person. What he says counts in every 
syllable, Mere is some of bis wisdom, 
taken from a lecture delivered before the 
London Shorthand Writers' Association, 
with mure of the Bame sort to follow : 

I feel rather disposed to give a word of 
caution to the better educated of our uovi- 
lifttes who. presuming upon their ".tiaiu- 
uients and their abilities, are somelimes dis- 
posed to look with a lordly disdain upon 
the more mechanical part of their work, 
and decline the drudgery which is insepar- 
able from the acquisition of stenographic 
proficiency. Unlike David Coppertield, they 
content themselves with a bare knowledge 
of Ibe elemenls of some shorthand system 
and a very limited amount of manual dex- 
lerily, scorning aoytbinglike " mere verbal 
accuracy," and pluming themselves upon 
their ability to dress up any speech they 
may bear in a scholarly fashion. Of course, 
I am far from under-rating this ability ■ I 
value ii very highly ; but it does not suffice 
to meet the exigencies of modern reporting. 
The public is very matter-of-fact, and it 
very much prefers to know what a states- 
man has actually said, to reading sentences, 
however polished or eloquent, thai have 
been wrongly attributed to him. 

Dr. Johnson himself, or even Lord Camp- 
bell, would, in these days, hardly earn a 
guinea a week in reporting speeches. He- 
ports that were thought admirable for the 
Cfutkutnii's Magazine would be utterly re- 
pudiated by tie Times or Hansard. No 
amount of scholarship will enable a re- 
porter in our day to dispense with at least a 
fair amount of proficieucy in shorlbaod, 
which can only be acquired by diligent ap- 

Let this, then, be the first pitfall to be 
indicated In the present lecture. I have 

Not only reporters, but even writers from 
dictation, will overlay their notes with a 
good deal of ornamentation when they come 
to transcribe them. In my own office, not 
long since, a short speech was dictated to a 
shorthand amanuensis, who reproduced it 
with several additional folios of well inn- 
strucled sentences, which had never been 
uttered either by the original speaker or 
the dictator. 1 need not say that they were 
mercilessly expunged, and that the further 
services of the amanuensis were dispensed 
with. Facile composition is not necessarily 
good reporting, and it may even betray the 
possessor into very bad work. 

Perhaps oue of the commonest pitfalls of 
young beginners is an undue estimate of 
their speed in writing. They manage, it 
may be, to write an easy passage from die- 
ta'ion, attbe rate of say 120 or 130 words a 
minute, and forthwith conclude that they 
have attained that speed Such a test is 
altogether illusory. To form an adequate 
idea of the speed acquired, a whole speech 
should be reported, aud the time of tls de- 
livery accurately registered. The number 
of words should be carefully counted from 
I he transcript, and not (as is sometimes 
done) merely estimated. Or the same thing 
may be done wilh writing from dictation for 
say half an hour — not less — from a book 
witb which the writer is not familiar, or 
from a newspaper, say a leading article or 
the report of an ordinary speech. In this 
case the coles or the transcript should be 
carefully compared with the original, to see 
whether, with the required speed, the need- 
ful accuracy has been attained. The false 
estimates sometimes made by shorthand 
writers, young and old, for waut of a strict- 
ly accurate testing, are not a little amusing. 
A young gentleman, who once applied to 
me for employment, gravely informed me 
that his speed was 'two or three hundred 
words a minute " (a hundred or so did not 
appear to be of much consequence), but a 
tlvc minutes' lest with [he watch in my band 
dispelled altogether his fond illusion. 

I ncei hardly say that one of the most 
serious difficulties which young reporters 
(and for that matter, old ones too) experi* 
ence in their practice of shorthand, Is the 
liability of mi-reading one word for an- 

other ; and this applies 

not c 

ulv to words 

containing tbi Bfittll & 

la, but offn 

to words of very diffen 

nt sol 

nds. but rep- 

resented by somewhat si 

Hilar ( 

ullincs This 

pitfall of clashing, I suppoi 

wholly escaped- I am sure 1 

fallen into It myself, and my most expert 

CQCcd brethren of the craft would have 111 

hesitation in making the same humiliating 

confession. Id the phonographic instruc 

tiou hooks lists are given of words contain 

ing the same, or very sim" 

that are liable to clash, uul 

tmguisbed by some varieiii 

i ihey i 

guard. There are many words written 
similarly, of which it may be safelj said 
that in ninety-nine cases in a hundred the 
context would bean unfailing guide as to 
di< word employed ; but whal about the 
huudredib c.i-c? It may be a very unusual 
case, but the reporter should he equal to 
the emergency. 

1 am disposed to think that il is potttbte 
for any two words, however dissimilai In 
character or meaning, to he so placed us to 
render ii difficult to I ell by the context 
which is iutended. Is it necessary then lo 
provide for such rare cases by distinctions of 

to rein: 

allows bis atlenti 
liable to do, and writes in a mecbtinh :ii wnj 
without tb inking of the Bcnse, he lalikelj 
to drop into one of tbe^e pill ill-, of the ex- 
istence of which he is mad., painfully aware 

when he comes to transcribe his notes, and 
cannot for the life of bim tell which ol two 

contending words should be written, Mi 
hQS never, peril ps, found an\ difficult) 
with then b fore, but now ii stares him in 

llie face, and be knows Qot bow tO niu'l it 
he can only guess, aud hope thai be ha- 
guessed tightly. 


ft i >10J^ 


Vvee Tresvdewi Trca%vxcr, 

■ ^Atr^ Mm. MM$% ttmn. 

rx §ecYeAa.YYA . 

gy^^A r _ 22=^^ ^Qg^rfs. 


i the Office »i the Journal and Presented i 

position— such words ns prominent, perma 
"ent. pre-eminent ; editor, auditor, daughter. 
There is no great difficulty in learning the 
distinctive forms or positions provided for 
'bese word-, and when the beginner has 
committed them to memory, and has them 
ready to his hand, he is apt to Imagine that 
he is tolerably Bafe in the matter of clashes, 
: ""1 need trouble himself no further about 

them. Nothing could he 

The lists [ have referred t 

are. are by uo mraus exhaustive. They 

contain perhaps the most frequent instances 

of liability m error, but there are hundreds 

of others occurring now and Hon u to 

which the writer Bhould be always on bis 

outline, so thai in do Instance should a 
shorthand character stand for more than 
one word ''- Not at all. Hut it id necessary 
that the note-taker should be always on the 
qui vim for possible mistakes of this kind, 
so that when an outline occurs which 
(though in the great majority of cases it is 
perfectly safe) may, from its peculiai con- 

impossible i" tell by the context which of 

the two words was intended, and, unfor- 
ii'iiai, |y, (be out Hues Wl -rv so similar as to 
rord DO safe guidance. I could only 

make a guess, and I have not the slightest 

notion whether it was a right or a wrong 
In another instance I found myself tripped 

by the two words " fished " and "officiate," 
both of which I write f-sh-t. There seems 

no possibl danger of clashing in such a 
case . inn ir happened that the witness 

whom I was reporting was a clergyman, 
and was giving evidence as to certain rights 
Of fishery which were called in question, 
lie was asked I understand you fished 

(or officiate) at ." Which word was 

used I could not remember when I came lo 

transcribe the notes; nor did thecontexl 

assist me in the least -, and in this, as in the 
other case, I can only hope that the word I 
wrote was the correct one. 

Now, in both these instances I ought to 
have seen the danger as I was taking notes, 
and provided against it . ; but through inat- 
tention or some other cause (probably it wan 
inattention) I failed to do so. I am sorry 
to say that I could mention other cases of a 
similar character, but, perhaps, this con- 
fession of my shortcomings will suffice as a 
warning to others. I am uot sanguine 
enough to hope that even if they follow my 
advice, and remember my example, they 
will entirely escape ; but the falls may per 
haps he less numerous, and the damage to 
their reputation less serious than they other- 
wise might have been 

Before altogether leaving this subject, let 
me say that these clashings are often occa- 
sioned by too great a straining after brevity. 
It is easy enough to provide contractions for 
long or frequently recurring words ; it is 
not always so easy to prevent their being 
mistaken for other words. As a rule, the 
longer the form the more distinctive it is ; 
Uasthej are an usuaUj 

me additional liability to 
lo ntrai li< ti foi direr 

Such an 


illustrate the 


.ore fallacious 
useful as they 

. the 

sk nf Ix 

.taken, be 

may avoid all chance of error by inserting a 
vowel or some other letter which shall be 
sufficiently distinctive |i is astonishing 
how readily the mind, when alert, perceives 

the necessity for some such distinction even 

win ii tin band is following a rapid speaker, 

and how quick!) some method ie extempor- 

danger of which I ha 

ccssity of watchfuln. 

1 was once taking notes of a law case, in 

which a witness gave eviilence as to the 

pr,.« eediogs of a detective and ale ferred, 

occasionally, to bis own wife. | wrote the 
word detective tit-let- e, and wife 

one can easily see boffl these Form! 
iii rapid writing, so closely res. ml 
other as to be undisliiiguishuhle. One can 
hardly imagine, however, that two such 
words as ■■ detective " and " wife" could be 
confused in reading : but it so happened 
thai in one passage in the evidence it was 

■to avoid it 

>(./, and 


tor," but a alight mistak 
sometimes cause it lo be 
tor," unless the latter 
and I have known " doctor " and "dear" 
clash rather awkwardly, k is a serviceable 
grammologue for "come"; but I have 
often known it mistaken for "go,"belng 
written too thick, and not quite in position, 
rror could not be made if the 
vere written with both its oou- 
f course we cannot dispense 
with these abbreviations , but in using them 
we should remember the risk {often, I ad- 
mit, very slight) which we run in employing 
them, and never definitely adopt any that 
have not been well tested in practice. Only 
very recently, in taking notes of a medical 
lecture in which the word " asthma " fre- 
quently occurred, I thought I would drop 
the ih and write ..-»;. The form appeared 

write the adjective "asthmatic" a-m-t-h, 
with the same omission that I saw bow 
easily it might be mistaken for "rheu- 
matic," >■-„>■ 1 1.. I did not give up the 
abbreviation on that account", but was a 
little more careful perhaps lhau I should 
otherwise have been to keep the * perfectly 
upright whenever the same adjective oc- 
curred, so as to prevent the risk of con- 

Hooks and Crooks. 

If Brother Brown could but content him- 
self lo he a little less partisan, bow fragrant 
he would be. — Cross' F.d.rtir h'.i/,*.,,, ,,;. 

The prize idiot objei 
vriter conies from the ei 

t band* 


Tins is i be way spelling "' reform " tSSUg 

gested by the " five rule" method 

I i inn « Irom the diujjraf <>/ w lien pre 

Dounced us - shorf, as in had, fielth, etc. 

•>. Omit silent final e after B short vowel. 
as in fun . •/" etc 

3 Write f lor pA in BUCh words as alfn- 
bet. fan torn, etc 

4," When a word ends with double let 

ter, omit the lust, as in */W. -■/,/, eg, i IC 

g i ibaoge ■•' final to I when- .t bae the 

sound of I, as in /,/.-/,/. i,., s ,i.s1 etc.— Phtno- 

The Editor's Leisure Hou 

lother v 

" If a face be 
fiy a frown— alas, 
Luok will be poor till t! 
If a face be bright 
Willi ,'i smile why, the 

l.ll, k Will I 


slul Ifyon will, 
II li ttudton. In 

Given the important i.>lis which cavalry 
and artillery play in the art of modern 
warfare, it may he interesting to know the 
total mi tuber of animals which the leading 
countries of the world can throw into the 
field of bailie. Here, according to the 
latest statistics, is the list: Russia, 31,570,- 
000 horses; America, 9. 500. 000 ; the Argen- 
tine Republic. 4.000,000 ; Austria, 3.600- 
000; Germany, 3.350,000; FraDce, 3.800,- 
000 horses and 300,000 mules ; England, 
2,700,000 horses; Canada, 3,634,000 ; Spain, 
680.000 horses and 2.300,000 mules , Italy, 
2.000,000 horses ; Belgium, 383,000 ; Den- 
mark, 316.000; Australia, 301,000; Holland. 
123.000. and Portugal. 88,000 horses and 50.- 
000 mules. It will be observed that Russia 
heads the list by an enormous majority. 

From Theodore Roosevelt's illustrated 
article in the MuhrinUr C'entuTy we quote 
the following: " Singly, or in twos or threes 
they gallop their wiry little horses down 
the street, their lithe, supple figures erect or 
swaying slightly as they sit loosely in the 
saddle, while their stirrups are so long that 
their knees are hardly bent, the bridles not 
taut enough to keep the chains from clank- 
ing. They are smaller and less muscular 
than the wielders of ax and pick, but they 
are as hardy and self-reliant as any men 
who ever breathed — with bronzed, set faces 
and keen eyes that look all the world 
straight in the face without flinching as 
they Mash out. from under the broad-brimmed 
bats. Peril and hardship and years of long 
toil, broken by weeks of brutal dissipation, 
draw haggard lines across their eager faces, 
but never dim their reckless eyes nor break 
their bearing of defiant self-confidence. 
They do not walk well, partly because they 
so rarely do any work out of the saddle, 
partly because their ehapernjos, or leather 
overalls, hamper them when on the ground; 
but their appearance is striking for all that, 
and picturesque, too, with their jingling 
spurs, the big revolvers stuck in their bells 
and bright silk handkerchief knotted loosely 
round their necks over the open collars of 
the flunnel shirts, When drunk on the vil- 
lainous whiskey of the frontier towns, they 
CUt mad antics, riding their horses into the 
saloons, firing their pistols right and left, 
from boislcrous lightheadedness rather 
than from any viciousness, and indulging 
loo often in deadly shootingaflrays, brought 
on either by the accidental contact of the 
moment or on account of some longstanding 
grudge, or perhaps because of bad blood 
between two ranches or localities ; but ex- 
cept while on such sprees they are quiet, 
rather self contained men, perfectly frank 
and simple, and on their own ground treat a 
stranger with the most whole-souled hos- 
pitality, doing nil in their power for him 
and scorning to take any reward iu return. 
Although prompt to resent an injury, they 
are not at all apt to be rude to outsiders, 
treating them wilh what eau almost be 
called a grave courtesy. They are much 
better fellows and pleasanter companions 
than small farmers or agricultural laborers, 
nor are the mechanics and workmen of a 
fjreat city to be mentioned in the same 

There are said to he something like tifly 
thousand characters in the written Ian. 
guage of the Chinese. I am sure it would 
take them ail to fully describe the queer 
sights and strange customs we witnessed in 
Peking during the few days we rested 
there, at the cheerful United States Lega- 
tion, before making our final start for the 
Great Wall. 

The anomalous impression I received of 
Ihe exterior of the town in my memorable 
ride was intensified as I came to know some- 
thing of the interior life of Peking. My 
sister and I felt like two Chinese AHcesin 
oriental wonderland when we came to visit 
some of ihe people who live in thus, strange 

inhospitable-looking houses, their own 
homes, for it seemed as if all the pictures 
we had ever seen on Chinese porcelaiu had 
come to life and the figures were now step 
ping out of their slippery state to greet us. 

I had never known before that the 
twisted trees, contorted objects and queer 
architecture painted on Chine-e punch- 
bowls and platters are not droll caricatures, 
but the Chinese representations of Chinese 
art ideas in the actual every day scenes of 
Chinese life The grotesque figures which 
they paint on fans or screens, are all well- 
known historical characters, heroes of fic- 
tion, or deified saiuts and philosophers, and 
each one carries to the Chinese mind its 
peculiar tradiiional or romantic association 

uc scenery I 
ireams and 

There ia very iiltle pieturcsq 
in China, and llie few hill 
valleys which lovers of natural beauty 
have discovered, have done duty in decora- 
tion for hundreds, perhaps thousands of 
J cars. Hut these outlines, made familiar 
by repetition, bave a different meaning 
when the fact is explained that the skillful 
Chinese landscape gardeners have made in- 
numerable miniature copies of these few 
bits of scenery in Ihe court yard- which are 
inclosed by the inner walls., fall Ihe Ileuses 
of the better sort. These courts, n few feel 
in extent, oblong or square, are laid out S 
little mountain ranges, showing caverns and 

lakes, trails and ravims, on every side 

(Hire KM,)-lk in F,t>riiarj/ 117,/, . I , ea k, 


'I be Bret menti f ice cream that is 

found in our history la in tbeaccountof the 
festivities following Washington's firsl in- 

ungural ■'■ Pn idi at, In thcl itj ol New 

fork in 1788 im 

that occasion was l< - i ream, « hfch It Bald 

to have been pn pi leasl suggested 

in D0II3 Vdama, tbcn tlie brightest star in 
Bootsl and diplomatic circles. Tbe new 
confection made quite a sensation at that 

time, and probablj to ii < Dollj 

Adams' popularity. 

\,.,-....i wells. 
\, leaian wells have always been tbe sub- 
ject ol a good deal of mystery, but they are 
quite commonly employed for sources of 
water supply. Messrs. fielding Bros & 
Co., of Northampton, Muss., have bad 11 
Bad experience with one intended to supply 
their silk works. A.fter drilling to b depth 
of 8,700 feel the well waa abandoned, as no 
flow of water was obtained. The bore was 
an eight-inch. Band rock was struck at lot) 
feet, and the remainder of the boring was 
into it without getting through it. At 
Holyoke, only nine miles away, good and 
abundant wateT is found al 600 feet. The 
Balding well is the deepest in this country. 
The next deepest is at St. Louis, Mo., 
where a depth of 3.180 feet gives a sulphur 
water. The deepest in tbe world is a Gov 
ernfnent well in Prussia, over 4,000 feet 
mil rurnlshfng hot water. The largest 
artesian well in the world is near Possy, in 
France. This is two feet in diameter, 1 918 
feel deep, and flows 8,795,000 gallons ol 
water per day Another famous one is at 
Grenclle, France, which is sunk 1,802 feel 
and delivers 680,000 gallons of water daily, 
and with sufficient force to rise ISO feel 
nliove the surface. 

Alexander Parkes, an Englishman, in- 
entcd this remarkable substance iu 1S55, iiiiidi' :i I'tiif display ill the I'ai 


they bad observed as before and be 

itomed to our 
1 bat when sitting tbey are more easy to 
approach than I thought, the only effect 
was that the bens left the neat and. joining 
the male birds, prepared for eventualities, 
,,,„ did they take wing until we had begun 
in walk up to the rookery. While we 
wire examining it, the birds flew round 
us within forty yards, so that we could 
have shot them easily. Of ci urse we d d 
not do so.— Henry A Blake, in Popular 
S:,. net Monthly for March. 

In Queen Anne's time it is mentioned. 
both by Swift and Gay, that tbe umbrella 
was used by women, bul up to 1 he middle of 
tbe eighteenth century it appearsnever to 
have been used in England by men, Ihough 
Wolfe, tbe then future conqueror of Que- 
bec, wrote from Paris in 1753, describing ii 
as iu general use in that city, and wonder 
ing thai so convenient a practice bad not 
yet penetrated to England. Hanway, tbe 
famous traveler and philanthropist, who 
returned to England in 1750, is said 10 have 
been the first Englishman who carried nn 
umbrella, and a Scotch footman named 
John MacDnnahi. who bud traveled with 
his master in France and Spain, mentions 
in bis curious autobiogiaphy that be 
brought one to London in 1778, and per- 
sisted in carrying ii in wet weather though 

TUlori in '1897. American patents 
and 1874 are substantially identical with 
those now in use in England. In France 
there is only one factory, and there is none 
elsewhere on the continent, one in Hanover 
having been given up on account of the 
explosive nature of the stuff. In tbis couu- 
Iry pure cellulose is commonly obtained 
from paper makers, in the form of tissue 
paper in wide rolls ; this, after being 
nitrated by a batb of mixed nil rate and 
sulphuric acids, is thoroughly washed and 
partially dried Camphor is- then added 
and the whole is ground together and thor- 
oughly mixed, At this stage coloring mat- 
ter may be put in. A little alcohol increases 
the plasticity Of the mass, which is then 
treated for some time to powerful hydraulic 
pressure. Then comes breaking up the 

1 il,i's and feeding 1 !■■■ fragments between 

heated rolls, by which the amalgamation of 
the whole is completed. Its perfect plas- 
ticity allows it to be rolled Into sheets, 
drawn into tubes, or molded into any dc- 

Plnmlugoei at Home. 

At lengih, having; crawled under the roots 

-I the dwarf mangroves that covered the 

■ like b network of croquel 1 ps, we 

1 1 ourselves at the edge of the marl, 

and within one hundred and fifty yards of 
the birds, who wen- silll undiatui bed. 
Herewith my glasses, I could see every 
feather, note the color of the eyes and wa'ch 
• very movement. There were we calcu- 
lated between seven hundred and a 

thousand birds, and a conti tia lovi 

soose-like cockling was kept up. Never 
did 1 Bee a more beautiful mass of color. 
The nude birds had now all gol together, 
standing about five feet high, and with 
occkj extended and heads erect, were evi- 
dently watching events, preserving in the 

mc ime n masterly inactivity Now and 

again <w would itretcb out ins -real 
black and scarlet wings, but tbe general 
I'lli-cl was the most t-x.pusile shade of pink, 
■ i the feathers cl the breasl and back are 
much lighter than those of the wings. 

The hens sal on the nests, and some 
were Bitting down in tbe muddy lagoon 

After having watched 'he birds for an 

■lowed uirselvcfl ; bul whether 

St. Paul's Cathedral in London, has n 
relie of the aiieiiul monastic library ; it is 
a vellum folio in Latin, with its old chain 
attached The library of Wells Cathedral 
was chained in former days and some of its 
volumes still retain the rings to which the 
chains were linked. In 1481 Sir Thomas 
Lyttleton bequeathed 10 the convent of 
Males-Owen a book "which 1 wull be laid 

and bounded with an yron ohayne in some 

convenient parte within the said cburcb al 
ray coals so thai all preests and others may 

se and rede it whciinc it pleaselb them" 
Fox's Book of Martyrs was often chained 
iu tbe churches. Many of the rare tomes 
of the Oxford-Bodleian Library used to be 
chained, and when James I. visited it he 
declared that were he not a king be would 
desire no other prison than to be chained 
with bo many good authors. When John 
Selden's books were given to the Bodleian 
in 1659, over £25 were spent in providing 
them wiih fetters. Not until the latter 
half of the last century did the Bodleian 
Library shake off all its shackles. 

Everybody is writing about 1: 
mium offem. We can't answe 

mail, friends. 

r pre- 

all by 
Get the February number, 
and you will find everything as clearly de- 
fined as tbe noonday sun. If you baveu't 
the February number, send us ten cents for 
one before tbey are all gone. 

the point now, but will say that 

gOOd thing, and that 

making large caps will help to develop it. 
We have also tosaj thai many who aspire 

to be called penmen speud all their energy 

lapitals and cannot write a decent line 

of small letters to save their livi 1 hie 

should not tie so, and we desire to etnpliu 

siz ■ the importance ol working at the oxer- 
clses in Bmall letters given In our fourth 

In the next lesson we shall take up flour- 
ishing. Our lessons in ihis department 

will In- tew and tO ibe pnini, alur which 

we will take up the more interesting and 
valuable subject of lettering 

PliERLKfis! l-i Minors! Ames' Best Pen- 
It you UUVl already tried il, you will use no 
other. If you haven't, you've cheated your 
se'f of a pleasure. 

Modern Views on Literature 
"What you reading now, Mame?" 
- Ob, I'm reading Tolstoi " 

"Isn't he splendid V" 

"Oh, jusl splendid' Wasn't ■Anna Kar 
splendid ? " 

Splendid ! Have you mid any of Tur- 
geneiS's book- ret?" 

"Oh, yes. I've jusl finished 'Dimilri 
Iloudinc.' " 

" Isn'1 it splendid ?" 

" Splendid !" 

Ac 1 uiii]inn> i»u I.o 

a jeering crowd followed him crying, 
" Frenchman, why don't j ou get a coa< h '.'" 
In about three months, he says, the annoy- 
ance almost ceased, and gradually a few 
foreigners and tbcn some Englishmen fol- 
lowed bis example. Defoe had described 
the umbrella ss one of the contrivances of 
liobinson Crusoe, and umbrellas were in 
consequence called " Robinsons." They 
were looked upon for a long time as a sign 
of extreme effeminacy, and they multiplied 
very slowly. Dr. Jamieson, in 1782, is 
said to have been the tirst person w ho used 
one at Glasgow, and Sou they 's mother, 
who was horn iu 1752, was accustomed to 
say she remembered the time when anj one 

would have been 1 mo led who carried one in 

the streets of Bristol. A single coarse col 
ton one was often kept in a coffee house to 
be lent out to customers, or iu a private 
house tn be taken out with a carriage and 

held over Ihc beads of ladle- as lln \ <jo1 in 
0) OUl . but for many years those who used 

umbrellas in the strcel were exposed to the 
insults ol the mob and to thepersistent and 
v'-ix natural animosity of the hackney 
coachmen, who bespattered them with mud 
and lashed them furiously with their whips 
But the manifest convenience of tbe new 
fashion secured its ultimate triumph, and 
before the close of the century umbrellas 
had passed into general use. — Leoky'i His- 
tory i >f England". 

Instruction in Pen-Work. 

In our last lesson we gave some rapid 
writing, practical for business purposes, 

ai-d in i In- le-sua we -ivr -nine more of the 
same kind, so far as tbe movement is con- 
cerned, but written with more care and in 
what we will call professional style The 
small letters, as well as the caps, are made 
with what is called a pure forearm or mus 
culai movement, using the fingers only to 
hold the pen. The copy was written with 
a 004 pen and India ink ground black, and 
is presented just as it fell from the pen, ex- 
cepting a reduction in size. All penmen 
who have tried preparing plain writing for 
photoengraving, using thick India ink, a 
line elastic pen, and the same free move- 
ment used in ordinary rapid writing, know 
how hard il is to do. and we hope they will 
criticise gently the many little faults in our 

We spoke in our last lesson of catering a 
little to the taste of " Mark's " boys, and in 

fullillmeut of promise ^\\v the sel <>(' 

forearm or muscular movement capitals, 
ami a lew superfluous liru s in (he note. In 
fancy we bear four* readers of The Jour- 
nal saying that tbey show a very good 
movement and nothing else Well, we will 

" I think all bis books arc splendid." 

"So tbey are, just splendid." 

" Flow do you like Howells?" 

" He's splendid, too." 

"Isu't he, though ?" 

"Yes, Indeed. Have you pver read any 
of Holmes'!" 

"Oh. of course. Isn't be splendid ?" 

"Isn't he. though 't lie's so funny, loo. 
Isn't ■ Elsie Venner' splendid 

Just splendid! But Miss Muloch's hooks 

■ the I 

"Tbey arc just splendid ' Hid you ever 
read Hugo's ' Lea Mtserables " 

"Oh, Isn't it exciting : But it's splendid, 
too. Don't it cud funnj ' 

"Yes, r.dbcr, but it's splendid, clear 


" Indeed il is. 1 like tO have a book end 


"So do I. That's what makes Dickens' 
books so splendid. Tbej end bo ■ I 

'■Tbey are splendid, aren't they'.' " 
"Jusl splendid." 
"Splendid !" 

Kitio/i fiitm, it tiro >,„■/, ii, „,.,,!, a , 

via l >'t rati For preti 

uket We don't want 

Auks' Best Pen" 

Penman's Art Journal 


D. T. AMES, Editor and Proprietor. - 

S Bboadh n cot Pulton St.), Naw romi 

* ANMUM'l;) 

1 lyaU'nis of writing, t 


7" A* Journal'* General Agent for Canada is A. ./. 
Small, whose headquarters are 13 Grand Opera 
House, Toronto. Elliott Eraser, Secretary " Circled* 
la Salle," Quebec. (P. O. Box 154), is tjicciaJ agent/or 
thai city and vicinity. The International News Co., 
11 Bouvtrie Street (Fleet Street), London, are it* 
foreign agents. 

Art Journal for Man 

Williams . . 
"Splurger8"and Penmen . 
Tin- Oopyl k Question 

, Exn 

. (Tin, 

.1.1 Clark . 
Tin' TtloB o( b Forger 
Ben the Penman 

Dr.i'ARTstENT of Phonoqi»apiit 86 

Mrs, L. If Packard, 

Shorthand In Journalism : Hooks am! 

Crooks; Phonographic Notes; Shorthand 

in Manitoba: Pitfalls for Young Re) 

: limn 88_fj 

ie Horses of the World 

1 Landscape 

ig ; Ice Cream a Product of 
UvUlzalion; Artesian Walla; Cell- 
lamtngoei at Home; Career of 
•Hi , Mamuorlptsu Slmi-klea. 

//. W. Kibbe 
Modern Views ol Literature 
New Premium- In Brief 

i . Bsone by the Editor 

Writing at Random 

Copybooks *- Written Oopli - 

L- ssons on Mi v nil V -.. ,. ,.. . \.. . 

New Formulas (or Inks 
Partnership Obtlgattona 

BduoailonuUiuM , ,• M a((& : „ . 

College Bred M. n h. Polltl 
Alt About Volapuk 
The Left Ilaod a Petition 

Portrait of L I. William* 
Pi II Work b) L. L Willi un 

bird M 'isli-c. p Znner 

Capital Movement Bxenisi 

stlo Pen Speolmen 

■■■■■■ -in \i in -i 

*P fl '"- b] .' w Shott, li i; haw 

D. i: LMIbridge, E. K toaac*,and W 

: ' ' I- K. L-Mr, 

JTou may Qol want a gun, or a watch, or 
bicycle, type writer, or any sort of litem- 
''"' '" ' Koangfi foi d little work, in thai 

''■"' cw premium lists will no) suit 

you. If you do, they cannot fail. 

Tun Journal encountered many diffi- 
culties in issuing this month, owing to 
trouhle in tliu office where it was printed, 
which culminated in a strike and left the 
offli i b ithoul prinh n Most ol tbi i; pe ol 

this issue has been standing several weeks. 

our publishers have done the best the} 
could under the circimisinnei s ; -i. liaM- we. 
and we feel assured of the reader's Indul- 
gence. The next number will necessarily 
be delayed somewhat, but we will hurry it 
as much as possible, and hope to issue at 
least by April 16. 

New Premii 



The old premiums offered in mimed inn 
with subscriptions for THE JOURNAL are 
uo longer in force. Hereafter premiums 
will only he sent to those who get new sub- 
scriptions. The person who sends the list 
must himself be a subscriber, and the names 
he sends must be new. as we allow no pre- 
miums for renewals. A full list of the new 
premiums, with minute explanations, is 
printed in the February number of The 
Journal, which every chili worker .should 
ear-fully preserve. Here are some of the 
ar (ides offered : 


■ Choi 


AmW Quiit (paper), Ames Copy Slips, or c [ 

of these superb pen designs: Flouri 
Flourished Staff Centennial Plotun of Progress, 
Grant Manorial, Qarflald Memorial, Family Reowd, 

'..' ■ ,r , ft ..... . 


Attn Edition standard ami popular works (See 
February tut m be i |i>r list ot 100 lilies) for two new 

Dlokens 1 Complete work-, fourteen volumes, 
beautifully bvuud, bj wp.™», r,„ acittnu lie* 

naims and liiu , -■nl- additional. 

History of flu fmUd .s.'r//-.v, .-].>! li and gold, for 
for two new names. The tame In paper for one 

For one new name and six clmiIs additional elliier 
of the following: Dlek'e Commtreiai Lrtler Writer, 

II •,!„!.,. / ,, i),i„itf. limdder JonW Bookoj 

Stum/! Sftrrhtx. 

For two in w names and tei uta additional, 

The Family Oydopedla oj Useful Knowledge 
For one new mime, book ol Recitations and 

Headings, comprising marly Jim standard Selec- 

For our new name. Ctonplib Book OJ It,,,,,, 

l',a twelve new names, elegant |8 PaiUard 
Musical Box, bj express 

Foi six new names. If, Taenia h'* P/iotO'/raji/iir 

outfit, Complete, by express. 

For twenty new name;., ITouit Patent Scroti Saw, 
by express. 

F,r seven new iiame«. House, Patent !,"the.\i\ 

Fur four new names and ten Cents ex tW I 

Styfographic P- a. pocket si/.-, by registered mail 


No 1. Open face, without second hand, nickel 
diver, mllli d oi ntre, with engine tur iaok or 

monogram, Tortwelve new names. 
The same heavy gold plated for sixteen new 

N,i J .Same as No. I, with scemid hand, sweep 
movement, nickel silver, for sixteen n. w names. 
Heavy gold plate for twenty new names. 

No 8 Elegant Hunting Case, extra heavy golJ 
and stop 

of the first exoellonoe foi 

shot (,l Ns AND RIFLES, 
G eh-Loadlng Doubt* Barrett i SJlot 

'■' I.eiaucheiix action, blue sled barn I-, in, 1_- 

or I" caliber, (or twenty new names, Including 

loading set. 
••■,/■ Snap Action Ooublt Barrelled 8 

Willi Inading sit, lor thirty new names, 

rte I two, .ill- 1 itook, i see 
hardened, pistol grip, cheokered, S2 caliber, for 

anna manufacturing firms In the world,! 

do the work of much more cxjicnsive gui 
cuts and full descriptions seethe Februs 
ber of Tue JODAKAL, All cutis by express 

' " ! I" " - ini.l -■. additional. /.'■ m ,•■■ 

-. names, Hammond i';,„ u rlter 
Foi tOOnev, names and llOaddltlonal 

\\ rltlng Machine 

foi Bttln§ iiv us at I 

" ll "' "' '■""■'■ nc -nii-cri] lii voar credit i 

■ air at;, nt's lu..tfc in ,pidei th.U «ln-n (he leipiis 

niiinlicr i>. r.jcfived !■> i ntlile \,.n h, i -a, 

i " "-ic xi.i \ I. a no tni-iindcr,tamliii- In I 

f..r the p, rip.n who w • ,i k ~ ba a 

lUg* pi. lllilllll-, ..!' allnw T hi- -hiiiI,.,- 

withdiaw an) order that has been 

t In all instances 

ie (t Is. Where jrnod.- 

rciniitaiice of ten cents 
'inn I'nr iinri'^'istercd 
■ will not be responsible 

■ be 

Lessons by the Editor. 

A demaud has been made upon the editor 
of The Journal, and by so many of the 
paper's readers that he does not feel war- 
ranted in evading it— fur a series of writing 
lessons from bis own pen. Such a series 
is now in course of preparation and the first 
installment will appear in Ibe issue of next 
month. The lessons will be progressive, 
practical, i ompreheusive. The illustrations 
nu vroU ac tho tovt will in-, from the pen of 

the editor 1 they will rover the whole 


The author of these lessons has had 
enough experience in thai line, both teach- 
ing writing and collecting the ideas of 
the best penmanship teachers for presenta- 
tion through The Journal, to justify him 

in promising a very complete and a very 
valuable course of instruction, It will be 
designed to help the teacher as well as ihe 
pupil. While slighting no technical detail 
that may be of benefit to the learner, the 
lessons will be ns crisp and unique as II is in 
the author's pnwei to make them. 

Just now we cannot say Ihrough bow 
many numbers the lessons will run. but no 
one interested in such mailers can afford to 

miss the opening paper. 

Have you friends who .ire seeking the 
means of improvement in their hand- 
writing ? Tell them about TnE Journal's 
lessons. Tell them Ibal they can get the 
iieneti! of a great deal of active experience 
En the way of precept and example by fol- 
lowing Tin Journal's lessons, which will 
n pn - i i i lie hesi efforts of the editor. 

Writing at Random. 

"Pro Bono Publico's" feathered dart, 
which pointed bis communication in an- 
other column, went very close to the mark 

If there is any one fault more conspicuous 
than another in Ihe writing of the voting 
men and ninny of the icachers of the pres- 
ent day, it is the tendency to loose, sprawl- 
in l'. disproportionate and tiourishy writing , 
[hat is to say, their movement lacks the 
proper discipline for good writing. 

Through the columns of The Journal 
(here has been quite a controversy wiih ref- 
erence i" the relative importance of legibil- 
ity and movement in writing. The great 

dillii ully has been thai many of our young 

teachers and writers have failed lo di-i inn 
inate properly between movement and dis 

\v Min correspondent says, the editor of 
Tin Jot ANAL has been afflicted with in- 
numerable specimens of what the writers 
dei i be good writing, which, if present- 
ed to any of the business houses of this city, 
would he denounced u- " trash." They 
ha\c an di'L'aiue i.-i" movi iiienl, but lack the 

requisite d'si ipline, and hence the 13 m 
no trj of form Indispensable 10 good writing 

The capital letters often sprawl ovei th 
spare of two or three ruled lines, where th 
small letters occupy less ihati one. Ih 
writing beina as disordi rly as a brush pile 

Certainly in the article in question tin 
writi 1 gives information and advice whirl 
many of ouryoung writcrsAnd ii achera am 

1 "''-' g 1 writing will ,],, well t> 

heed In fact, il is far 1>< Iter that B write 
should confine himself to the finger move 
ment, producing at a fair rat, ol speei 
orderly writing, than that he should ree 
off flourishes and nondescript forms upon . 
lightning movement 

V7e do not wish this to be constructed ii 
any senseaa favoring finger movement ; i 
is simply an expression of a choice belweei 

two very undesirable things in writing 
The medium is what should be sought 
thai is, the forearm movement and tinge 

movement so disciplined as to be perfect]; 
al the control of the writer, enabling him h 
produce forms of reasonably an male pm 
portion and harmoniously and svmme 
trically blended in their combinations it 

Copybooks vs. Written Copies. 

As between written and engraved copies 
there can be no question thut written copies 
are decidedly preferable IVsuIesbeingex- 
amples for imitation, there is an inspiration 
in a well written copy that cannot attach 
toanengmved one. Even though the writ- 
ten copy may lack the finished perfection 
of the engraving, so long as it is reasonably 
systematic it is preferable. 

Where a teacher is abb' to sil down in 
Ibe presence of his pupil and write the copy 
the pupil is inspired with a confidence in bis 
instructor and his own capability to accom- 
plish ultimately that which be has seen set 
before him as an example, while, upon the 
otherbaud. no pupil can know positively that 
the perfection of the engraved copy is within 
the bounds of his attainment. The feeliog, 

degree, that be may after all be striving 
for that which is unattainable; hence Wfl 
desire to place ourselves squarely upon 
record asfavoring well written copies when 

We are aware thai copy-books are rarely 
used in business schools or in special 
schools for writing, and thai the teachers 
in such institutions frequenly manifest hos- 
tility to their use. In our own experl 
euce of over fifteen years in conducting a 
business college we never made use of a 
copybook, nor should we have done so had 
we continued up to the present time, simply 
because we were capable of writing our ow □ 
copies, and employed no teacher of writing 
who waanot also capable. Yet, at ibe same 
time, had our advice been sought by 11 
teacher in a public school who could noi 
write a good copy and was obliged to teach 
writing as best lie could, we should havo 
honestly and earnestly advised him to u>r 

We prefer to ride upon the railroad to a 
stage c h , but where our line of travel is 



are happy to make use of the stage coach as 
a convenient substitute , or, own. if we ran 
do no belter, to make the distance on foot. 
There arc perhaps from thirty In truly 
thousand pupils In this country today who 

art receiving instruction In penmanship 

fr>>m teachers who may be called masters ol 
thai an bleachers who ran make their own 
copies and bave no need oi mi ourse lo the 

engraved article. There arc in.nK ball U 

many million pupils whose instructors arc 
nol experl ^ ritinn teachei 1 unnot write a 

copy tit lo serve as a guide, and must teach 

limn engraved copies if they teach at all 
Hence while under certain circumstances 

we would ignore Ihe ropy bonk, utldi I Olhet 

circumstances we would hall It withsatisfai 

tion. To the pupil who is not so bappilj 
situated as to avail blinself of Ihe use ol b 
written copj and the services ol a skilled 
teacl 1 penm lii bip, the copybooks 

should be a most Valuable and welcome 


t ami fame and -I. on], :o 

■ M 1 1 1 and blasi . 

1 reaou voar dwelling 

By ihe Qonecai thai . ■ 

Lessons on Movement 

This Ismod li di ■■■'<' ,] " (| w liiM '' ' 

oval capitals ft D. JS, I In "he first 
lino you aoLico the main slant (racing oval 
eni ircles each letter. This is o very good 
movement drill lo givi scope and ease of 
movement. The learner should aim to 

make the tracing ovals mound cue]] biter 

neat, song and on main slant. 

The next three lines are connected repeti- 
tions ol each of the five direct oval capitals. 

four hours with 750 parts of distilled 

wiitcr. strain and express. Upon the res! 
due pour 860 pints of boiling distilled 
water au 1 express after one hour Tritu- 
rate fil E porta of while bole with the mixed 
slraiucd liquids, raise once to boiling, re- 
move tlic scum, and ttien tiller through 
flannel bags. Wash with water, until the 
toal weight of the filtrate is 1,000 parte. 

2. Ink-Body B — 300 parts of coarsely - 
powdered Chinese galls, and 100 parts of 
fuslic in coarse powdei ore extracted, as in 
the preceding case. 7-50 parts of cold and 
350 parts of boiling distilled water, the 
united -i mined liquids clarified with five 
parts of white bole, and the weight of the 

add this in small quantities at the end of 
eight days, avoiding loss of effervescence, 
warm gently to remove retained Carbonic 
acid, and finally add water to make the total 
weight 800 parts. 

I Solution i if ('■,-ii,l, Art t<itt of Iron.— 
Macerate ten parts of iron turnings will: 100 

parts of wood vinegar as long as any gas is 
given off ; then digCSl two or three hours at 
a temperature not exceeding 1--° F , tiller. 
nud adjust the filtrate to the spec, grav, 

fi AluZ'triii In/.-.— [in Dissolve fifty parts 
of green sulphate of iron in 750 parts of ink- 
body B {cold), and then add the following 
ingredients in the order named distilled 


4/, c^c 

/ /^>^ 

rpl/ C^t^^T^ZZS 

clses give confidence and skill. 
'''■" lice these with a vigorous, rapid, mus- 
cular movement, the proper speed being 
betweou 75 and 100 O'b per minute 

The learner should also practice very 
much on word exercises, us per the last line 
in illustration 

New Formulas for Inks. 

Prom a series of new ink formulas given 

bj Eugene Dieterich la his News Pharma 

■■ ttiaeJut Manuaii Berlin we s< led a fi n 

» M, remarking al the same time that 

thej bave been declared by experts to be 
among the best ever published : 
l. Ink-Body 4.— Macerate BQ0 parts of 
i lered I hinese galls for twenty- 

tinal filtrate made up lo 1,000 parts, In 
place of the extract of galls, tannin may he 
used ; but in this case, as the other con- 
stituents of the extract are absent, it is 
necessary to add more of the sails so as lo 
increase the body of the ink. Inks made 
with tannin require more time lo gel black. 
:{ Solution qflndigo.mdplhit, „f s,,.Uitm — 
Introduce 150 parts of fuming sulphuric 
acid info a Mask placed in cold water, and 
gradually add, avoiding increase of tempera 
lure, twenty parts of powdered indigo, 
previously dried at 212 u F. Cork the Mask 
and setitaside foreight days at tbeordinary 
In-door temperature. Meanwhile prepare a 
filtered solution of 305 parts of carbonate 
of sodium and 130 purls of distilled water, 

waler. HID, solution of iudigosulphatc of 
sodium. 150, snlnlion of acetate of iron, 25, 
chloride of ammonium, 30, sulphate of 
sod urn, 80 sugar. 20 parts. (p) Mix tan- 
nin, 50, green sulphate of iron, 40, chloride 
of sodium, 25, sugar, 25. bisulphate of 
potassi , 7 5, benzoic acid, 3, dry indigo- 
carmine, :t, and picric acid, H.5 parts, with 
1,000 parts of boiling waler. Either of 
these inks is decanted into n bottle which 
must lie well stoppered After a fortnight 
the cleat ink may be drawn off from the 
sediment. These inks will retain their 
copying quality for a period not >■-.,-•• l\w*- : 
twenty-four hours. Fresh writing furnishes 
brilliant copies. 
6 Blm Nulgall 0$* Ink a Mix 500 

purls of ink-body A with 

[in ; i from distilh d watt r, BOO pat la, 

green sulphate Of iron. thirU parts, sugar, 

tweotj Darts, aj drochloi tc a< id, two parts. 

Also dissolve, With a gentle heat, two parts 
of wuler-soluble aniline blue in '.'llO purls of 

distilled water, and odd this when cold to 
the mixture first prepared. (6) Dissolve 

Irn-I) parts of tannin, thirty of aulphl 

iron, thirty-five of sugar and two ol hydro 
chloric soid in 000 parts <>r distilled wafer. 
and add lo it a solution of two parts 

water soluble aniline blue in 100 parts of 
distilled water prepared by heat and 'hen 
cooled. Decani as in the preceding inks. 

Partnership Obligations. 

There seems to be no end lo litigation 
arising out of partnership difficulties. 

A case of considerable Interest has just 
been decided in the Wisconsin Supreme 
Court. It was that of (.'lenient 0$, (lenient 

The action was brought to recover upon 
a partnership note, and the defence was set 
up that the note had been given after the 
linn hud been dissolved ; but it. was shown 
that the firm to whom the note had been 
delivered bad not been informed of the dis- 
solution. The defence prevailed, though it 
was shown thai the persons making the 
note bad paid a part of it, and (be plaintiff 
carried the case to the higher court, where 
the judgment was reversed. 

Judge Orton, in his opinion said: "There 
are incidental rights and li.ibi lilies of -,\ pur! 
uership which makes the members of the 
firm something more than mere joint con 
tractors, and it is only after notice of the 
dissolution of the firm to the creditor that 
the partners are then placed upon the same 
footing of other joint contractors Until 
the payee knows of the dissolution, any note 
or payment thereon, made by one partner 
within the scope of the partnership busi- 
ness, hinds the other partner also. A part- 
nership debt remains the same aflei dissolu 
tion, and the partners are all n sponsible I'm 
the whole debt each, any arrangement to the 
■no H w.ithBl. n nd.. 

iug, and they are still agents for each othe: 
in making payments or doing anything im- 
material to the contract Dissolution does 
not revoke the authority of one partner as 
Iheagent for the other's lo ui ruiiL'e, settle, 

liquidate and pay the debts before created, 

so any payment of a firm note made by Bny 
member of the firm so binds it that the 
statute of limitation u ill not be a d< lenee 
The making of the note clear! \ bound the 
partnership, the payee not having been ad- 
vised of the dissolution of the firm. The 
purpose of the dissolution was to avoid any 
further liability of a partnership character, 
and it should be evident to each member of 
the firm that to protect himself be must see 
that due publication or notice of the sepant- 

The New Spencerian Com- 

This work is now bound complete. The 
pi ice has been fixed by the publishers at 
$7.50, on receipt of which it wit] be for- 
warded postpaid from this office. 

We have air- ;.dy described this work in 
■I,, mosi Muttering terms. It j, not possible 

to ovelslule l(S merits K is bevoinl ;>n\ 

question ihc raoBl complete, finished and 
comprehensive work upon the arl of pen- 
manship thai the world lias ever seen No 
penman's library can be complete wiihout 
H. We will forward lliis ; ,n,| t |ie Ames 1 
Compendium for $10. 

The Ames' Compendium presents on en 
tirely different phase of the art of penman- 
ship from that of the Spencerian. as if is 
devoted more exclusively to lettering, de- 
signing and engrossing 1 he two works 

are a complete p.'iirunnshin lihiui \ in tin in 

Clubs for March. 

That wide awake school, Spalding's 
Commercial I'oih-e <d Kan-a* i ,i. \|,, 
contributes the King Club this month n 

- I 1 " '"■'•■-I'lr Utei itun so || ii t 

1 """"- ' ' "» ~~\ iar. Uiimihss College. 

Ch'M'laiid. wl o lovwaids :i el | ;, | 

' h.ole- I; \\ i lis. ,pf Wells' I 

i olli ge, Byroi use . one of the bi si writing 
teachers In Ibis country, sends ;il names 
and oui ■■■ i d ri I I \ Front h of Bos- 
ton, the same number These othei well 

known penman ;n d h;n h. i- eoritril 

The Editor's Calendar. 




— Tff Pro</i'--ii. [■/!. which 
Normal Busloei.? College, Kansas City, Mo. has 
Issued tin attractive New Year's number. 

— T><* UiKuIn Monthly, mouthplew ol LII11- 
'.. :■: . ■ i; — ■ a Business College, Lincoln, Ne- 
braska, shown Dp In One style tm Febroar] 

//,. OoiUfftBtar, Blnm, Ohio, is a twlnkler ol 
considerable pretension*. It Is published DJ the 
Hesperian Literary Society of Hiram Collage 

— A eood deal oi entertaining matter, original 
and leleoted, appean each momh to 
Index, Harrlsburg, Vn. It is edited by G. w. Hon- 

('. S. Perry is announced as the > if a new 
publication, Vht Writing Waster, \\ infield, Kansas. 

'Ill-- iirsl number ha- several attractive illustra 

II,, i 

I M,,' 

—Number 5of Mr. Showaller'a flm Art Herald, 

Cleveland. Ohio, has Hie feature* ,,f F D. Uorslloe, 
Ol the Ohio BiMlness University, as a headlight 
The number is profusely illustrati d. 

— Tli, Florida School Journal, published at Lake 
City, In that SUte rive* evideuoe on every page 
of great oar>' in preparation, II Herz, lis editor 
and publisher, is to lie congratulated. 

-J 11. Williams, of the Iowa City Commercial 
College, publishes a school paper called The College 
Journal. The current number opens with an illus- 
trated writing lesson by P. T. Benton. 

—With unbroken regularity we receive the wel 
,.,,,,,, ,s\ /„„,/ r,*if„r of Madison, Wis. A feature of 
tblsjournallB the publication in each issue of a 
condensed biography of some eminent person. 

—Such weigh! v information a- is conveyed in It. 
w Ball's new Cfotbfft Journal, Harper, Kansas, 
should not be Intrusted to paper of so flimsy a 
texture. Otherwise the youngster Is very attrac- 

—One of the most attractive school publications 
that we have the pleasure of seeing is The College of 
i ,„„„ .„ ,,;■ .{.iitrimi, -f Philadelphia Thomas J. 
I'ri- kett, President <>f the college, is the editor and 

—Considerable technical Information of general 
interest is printed in Tin Edm-uUmml Journal, 

ager. He seems to keep both eyes open for what 
is going unin the profession. 

-Knight oftlx Qutlt is the title of a new essay in 
penmanship and business college journalism which 
hails from Davenport . Iowa Charles C. Owens is 
the editor and publisher A -ketch of B. C. Wood, 
of the Iowa Commercial College, is printed In the 

-BUT* National Builder, of Chicago, is the 
most attractive publication of its kind which 
we have the pleasure of seeing. Each number 
ContiiiiH minute plans for building residences or 
varying cost, with colored plate engravings. The 
price is $:j a year. 

— The Puzzler Is the name of anew and very 
unique monthly periodical published by N. D. C, 
Hodges, New York. Its contents comprise n series 
of problems, pictorial and otherwise, to be solved 
by the reader. Nothing like it. so far as our in- 
formation extends, has ever before appeared. 

M.-ssrs. Bniwei'arid Parsons Will mi Junction. 
Iowa, publish a bright little monthly which they 
call 'The Norma! . The current number has a por- 
trall and sketch uf p. u s Peters. Principal of the 
penmanship department ol Etltner's College, si 
Joseph, Mo.audayouugpenmanof great promise. 

— So Tin Rochester Oomt lalSeview Is not to 

In- discontinued after all. at which we congratu- 
late us enterprising proprietors, Messrs. Williams 
A Rogers, of the far-famed Rochester Business 

i Diversity After priming its owa obituary, The 

lb n. ii- comes out in tine shape, profuse in apology 

ami with assurance that it.-, u^efutaeia will be con- 

— We 'have received (he cpiarler-ceiilenninl 
edition of Tin Hamjuhire County Journal, North- 
ampton. Haas. H has seventy large pages devoted 
to a review of the enterpilses ol the oom muni tj 
to wbieb it is [.ublish.d, liberally and beautifully 
Illustrated with engravings of its leading public 

and private insiltnl s, with portraits ol their 

owners and promoters 


—The frontispiece of the February number ol 
St. Nicholas is "Family Affairs," drawn by Man 
Hal look Foote Amelia B. Ilarr contributes s 
tout bins. Russian Christmas itorj called " Michac 
and Enaodosia," and Palmer Cox ha- -..,,,, n,,,,, 

delightful talk about the Brownies and their ad 

ventures with the whale 
-Professor Andrew D White contribute! 

another ol his ourlOUS " New Chapters in the Wur 

fare of Science " to ihe March number of Th< 

The series of papers on 

"Kcoi iic Diaturbanees," by Hon. David A. 

■ i ontu in It Qllmpsea at Dar- 
wins Working Life." Mr II Larrabee presents 
some of tbe most striking ■■!i;ii;icI' , i i.-tics rcveab ,1 

" 'tie ■■ i. if,.- ,'ithi i., ti. is " uf the great naturalWI 
A very readable article in this number Is 
" Flamingoes at Home." by Henry A. Blake, which 
:- Illustrated. 

Ai ig the Illustrated articles in tbe April 

Serilmer't will be a pleasing account of a itsll to 
(1 brill tar, by Dr. Henry M Field, who-, books of 

travel are so popnlar The mil i tar j and toolal 

-troiitrliiild are de.erlbed In a vivid 
manner There is also a stirring account of the 
great ilecs ol Gibraltar by the French and Spanish 
toward the oleue of the last century. 

Tht Century tor I ebruarj has a delightful essay 

the i ■' i tfi ■■!■ pie. I h„ nubjei I 

,,| iblen, hi particular, are liberally set forth in 

- of 

II. T. Fngelhorn s BUilntlt Educator, published In 

bold re 

that city 


-The American ftumsnoomeato us in new form. 

and tht 

We had missed its visits and supposed it had drop- 


ped out. We arc glad to know the -up|,.,-i- 

trail 01 

-In the March M. 
and scholarly paper 
Houses " lean an mate,) description of the 

-/ American Wntory 
riely of entertaining 
leading article this 

in 1 

of I be I 

iaitlelt, I,. L. B. 

ed, thus adding 

alive. Thepor- 

Who fell in this 

to the number ; 

picture made In 

— C. II Waller i-. eomiuetiiii; Willing classes at 
Qampdl n .Maryland 

—.1 F Fish, of Cleveland, Ohio, Is coining golden 
opinions by his very' clever pen-work. 

-The students uf child- Business College 
Springfield, Mass , held a delightful reception on 
the evening of February 9, 

— F O. Young, well known as a left-hand writer. 

ha- ihaicc ,.| Hi. !„■,,, i, in ■ I, i. ■ I. . 

In i, lee Hum tie - i oil,-,- Sacianie i,.. California 

-G M. Smlthdeal, the well-known commerolal 
teacher, has opened a new business college at 

n.oiville. \ iiginin, and is well pleased at the out- 

-Principal Kvans, of tin- liu.-iness College of 
Ituilliigton. Vt., has reason to feel Haltered at the 
commendations of his school which appear in the 
publti prlni oi thatolty. 

W. I,. Long, yuincy, III . whose capabilities are 
attested by vai - excellent -i tmens of pen- 
work submitted to us, is open for an engagement 

ssn teaoher of writing, 

II .1 Williamson, of Rk-h mural, Va., has opened 
i be s lift -n llusiuess t.'ollege at I hat city. Judg- 
ing from his bright paper, the I hint I, I hj, we should 

,ail him an cnterpri-ing young man, sure to sue- 

Londou in ITTii. As usual, the number is ,, Bpeol 
men o( typographic beauty, unexcelled in the 
magazine held Price $6 a year. 748 Broadway. 
New York City. 

— "Opera In New York," by Henry T. Finek, the 
author of the popular work on " Horuantic l.ove ami 
Personal Beauty," and the accomplished musical 
critic of the New York AY, /,in,j I'«st, is the leading 
article in /''.< CbemopotUm foi March i- notable 
i..r the beautiful rull pagi U u»traUons In oolors, 
tht ioc pen ;■ ■ bj inch I the leading singers 

drawings and wood cn.-raMng- by other well 
known artists Mr I'oiek ha- -u.-n a brlliant and 
vi\ iicion- review ol the season, the most successful 
since the opening of the house, accompanied by 
new and Interesting anecdotes about Ilerr 

Kianleili l.ehli lien Nieinann, and oilier mem 

hers of the company, and by piquant comments 

ii| tin . h.iruclcfiMieiof the audietiee- thai have 

crowded the house night after night 

February H'i'.a. a ,-ake has come; bright with 
pictures and full ol enlci lalnment and wisdom for 

young folks. One serli 8 of papers alone is enough 
to make the for tune uf a magazine, "The < hi ib en 
ol the White House,' by Mrs. Upton, a familiar 
sketch of the children of John Adams with many 

curious trans and relics "About Rosa Hon 

hour," by Heiuv Bacon, is accompanied by copies 
ol several of hd pictures, with a portrait of the 

art ist herself in her si ml io " My Inde Flut Iicnil." 

by Sidney l.uska. comes to its third Instalment, 
Mrs. Sherwood takes "Those Cousins ol Mabel's" 

Mes-rs .lohusoii. l'< rriu and t isboi n, pt ■■]■! n-1,,1 > 
of the Buffalo Business l nlverslty, announce a 

special summer sessl t" ten weeks at a special 

rate ol ISO, to open on .tune jo 

The Sixth \niiiial Catalogue of the Capital 

, of i 

Anderson is ti. p.. -, ws a gratifying state 

\ beautiful catalogue comes tousfrom the 

< nil is- I'umilieieial College. Minneapolis and St 
Paul, Minn The haml-onic countenance of the 

proprietor brighleiis up the lo|.-i 1 

T. It South e f Hie pctin.ansliip depart merit 

of Heald's Business College San BVunolsco, bias 
probably beeu awarded as many medals for good 
p. ami in-liip a- any writer in Ibis country 

The students of \naKa, Miiiiie-oia. Business, 

Colleee met and adopted resolution- ■ 

.if ii,. ir 1 1- ret at losing the services of II. II. Kel- 

Iocl'. who lately i.-sigried from the faculty. 

n Is s long way off tu the Christmas holidays, 
bill already penman tcaclieis arc preparing '" 
hold a roil -i nc in, tlni; In Haven port, la., at I hat 
inn. . wli-ii the W I' A conic- tOgfilhei l ■ -i thi 
third time. 

- U- A GrISttS, late of l.awi.n.e & GrlfflttS' 

Bnslness College, Galveston, Texas, baa connected 

himself With Hills Practical llu-iness College, 

Mi Lawrenoo succeeds to the pro- 
prietorehlp of thi Galvesl msohool 

Mr Georsjt i i ttli the well known drawing 

I. a.'hci ami it ' ■ >\ >- ■ -'" l| . I' <-' . «a> mar 

rled on i-v 1,1-11 ,rv [4 to Miss Marion L, Iteynolds ol 
Franklin. Pa. si the rlrst Uethodlsl Church of 
that eliy. Mr. Little is well known to the readers 

of Tut ,1 o u i;n a l, having eonltibiit. .1 iidiel. h 

nine to tlms We tender the happy couple our 
congratulations and well Wishes. 

- If the liHlnbci ol -I i ii I el it. i' I- |,,i mi, I I,,,,.. 

spaldmg's Commercial College. Kansas cny \p. 
Is cu joying au unusual degree of prosperity. The 

current catalogue shows a total attendance of ;:n. 

dun ig the pasi year, ol which i II were ladles 
A J Rider, ol the I renton, N J., Business 

ckci. .1 Pi. -ci. nt ofthe Board 

of Trade of that city. We have bad the pleasure 
oi reading on t soellenl addressdeltvered by him In 

i hi.- . ipjieit> a short time since and printed in lh, 
Daily Stat* 0a 

k s Chamber, a graduate .■( m,k. . s n ,,,1, ■ Cfberllli, lihio, Ha.-lne- Colli k 'e, mid ..I pi-,- s 

■ i>i tea< bin- in the \\ llkesbarre Pa , Buslm - 1 ol 
i >ge, was manic. i on Deoembei ftltfa to Miss Eva 

«. Walker, of Mcdinu. Ohio. Our c pllmont* 

and congratulations. 

Tlds from the Newark gfeenlfl0 ATflW; C T. 
.Miller, of the New Jersey Business College, has 
been presented by the students of the evening 
. liissc; with a valuable gold headed umbrella' 
Each of the teachers has been given a coin oi \\ . h 
-i.i's 1 unhridiiL'd Id. tionary. 

-The Spetieerian Business College, Cleveland, 
is to be congratulated on its very excellent lec- 

the Btudents durlni the les 

The Clara Louise Kellogg I i srl i i u Bi i 
Joseph Parker, ol the Londoi remple; 

Heard, tin- artist, Rftl, .I.,n, - SVattgelht; 
Hon. George It. Wemlling. and Mrs BcOtt Sid 

-The Belleville, Ontario, Daily IntelHgmcer ha- 

an interesting a int of a presentation of a valu- 
able inkstand and gold pens i,. Mes-i--. h'oi,ins,,n 
and Johnson, Princinals of the Ontario Business 
College, by the pupils uf that institution, Charles 
1( MeCulhiueh a member of the faculty, wa- pre 
si-nted by the principals and students with hand- 
some volumes of Scot is. Longfellow's, Tennyson's 

-A. A. Clark, Superintendent of Writing in the 
public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, not only under- 

nds bo 

in the Clcvelai 

ul.l ■■ 

d the work with a great deal of interest, and 
I it lo he uniformly excellent If any city In 
s country cau show more even or more excellent 
rk by the pupils of their public schools, the fact 
I not been demonstrated to us in an experience 

number of years. 

—At Paris, Tex., on March 7. Mr. E. M. Chartler, 

tho well-known penman and teacher, was united 

in matrimony with Miss Clara B. Soggelke They 

have the best wishes of the Journal and thepro- 

rd-wriler, is a creai admirer 

— Madurasz, the card ' 
f Kibbe's penmanship. He says ii is a long time 
.nee he has seen a better specimen ol a purely 
usSness letter than Kibbe's in the la-,t number of 
te JounNAL. 

Premium Talk. 
Of course, there are people who imike a 
custom of misiiiHlerstatiiliti!.' ihings, so with 
all our pains in explaining iu detail the new 
premiums offered with The Journal, and 
the conditions under which they may he 
obtained, some few of our friends seem to 
have mistaken tbe plan. But tliey were not 
many, and probably hadn't taken the pains 
in read our preface lo the new as care- 
fully as lln-y migbt have done 

We hud several applications, for instance, 
for some of our new premiums, because Uic 
applicants hail some subscriptions standing 
on our books to their credit. Of course, we 
couldn't send the premiums in such a case. 
The schedule dates from the publication of 
the February issue, 

A number of people also have sent their 
owu subscriptions {either new or rnu e, uh. 
and designated the premium to be sent 

them from our new schedule. We made it 

very clear in the announcement thai do 
premiums go with one's own subscription 

Or fur renewals, lull I'm gtttinQ tt< u Bubsci fp- 

tions. If John Smith is a subscribei and 
wants, say "The Complete Hook of Home 

subseribi r), he must induce Sam Brown, 
who is not a subscriber, to take Thi Jour- 
nal Smith sends %\ for the subscription, 
und tbe premium goes to bim by nlnrii 
mail. Brown gets the subscription noth 

mil' else If he wants premiums he must 
send subscribers al-o. 

Now, if Smith is ii books and 

wants a premium, his Aral step is to sub- 
scribe, Which Will cost him $1. Then he 
, mi opt rate as agent, nol otherwise. When 
his subscription expires, be musl scud 
another full dollar for renewal. No pre 

1 gOtfi 

''' ~(0&£^k^§ 


Thmisamls ■>( letters are received In Til 

-I rnai office In uwconne of .1 month. A larg 
oportlon "f Ihem ■"■' handsomely written, p 
ut it wiiM take pagee o( Tub Joubiui i 

.1 1,,- i 


Dakln; L. P. 8''hearer <'f Reading. Pa,, who 
writes aitrmt <1p»I better since lie haa been read 
|ng Tbb Jovrrai, ; l\ B Timothy. in> East 1 3th 
street, N. -w York. With Olubi I. A-ire, of the 
Northwestern College of Commerce, Minneapolis. 
Minn . will, dob; \V A Phillip*, Ol lbs 81 

Thomas, Ontario, Busmen College, wltbolob; J 
Harrison Cole. East Ureenwith. K I. wiih club. 

E. E. Morrisa, La Plata, Mo.j A,. T Reynolds, *>r 
the Dirigo Business. College, ADKOBta, Me., With 
club; O. .T. IViirn-e, ,,f tlic- < luiTuhej-hiin Institute. 
Randolph, Now Fork. With olub;C. A. French. 
Boston, Mn-s , with club; G. K. Demary, Buffalo. 
N. V.. Business University, with club : II. T. Eogel- 
horn, of the Normal Training' School, Helena, 
Montana, Willi elub ; YV. E. Ovid Centre, 
N V ; I W Hallett. Millerlon Pn . with club; C 
N. Orandle, Dixon, Illinois, Business College ; C n 
Kimmlg, 1018 Arch street, Philadelphia : W J 
Llllr. 300 Austin avenue, Chicago; W S Hull, 
Vpsilantl. Mich, with club; w H Shrawdrr 
Richmond. Ind . with club ; N Ii Luoe, I ulont Ity, 
ra, with olub; l. 11 Chanler, Paris-, Texas j C. R. 
Runnells, Cbloaxo, 111.; E A Poole, Bouih Bristol, 

S. Williams, Spalding's Commercial Culle^e, 
Kansas City, Mo., with olub; li T LoomIa t Spen- 
oerlau Business College, Cleveland Ohio; \.. A 
Hall, Ladoga, Ind .: w. S. Chamberlain, Wilkes- 
harre, Pa., Bnslneu College: J M. Wade, Emlen- 
ton, Pa ; J. M. Johnson, Salina, Kiui-;i- . < i \l. 
Kee, Columbus, Ohio; J M. Vincent, Snuder's 
Business College, Chicago; Fielding SchofieM. 
tjulncy. III.; A. II Sieudman, Toledo, Ohio, with 
club; C, li. MoCullongh, Ontario Business College, 
Belleville, Out., with elub; W. C Walton. Ports- 

men- In mil- cllfetloli C V Zailcr, ttic .*■-...-- • i ■ i 

pli<hcd young scribe of Columbus, Ohio, sends 
some written cards and exercises, which for 
I,- mil \ mid iletii 1 ie\ of tmisli, can liiinlh I >■ -ur 
passed. Good specimens in the same llni conn 
from E. D. Blake, Galesburgh, III Several verj 
artistic ipedmens are submitted by P \ Bn> 

ruatko of the Cellar K i|>n|s |ow;i. liu^lni v. i ,-.]]•-.■ 
Ill' li.n i~ of (he I til' in in Academy. \V ilk est mire. 

Ps lands wme verj clever examples of work. 

t m uiiiiam-. of ibc Actual Business Col- 
lege, Pittsburg, Pa., submits a very imfQue bird 

Bpeol " ffrnm ■' D Brlant, Raaeland, la, we 

h.i\ i a s;ii ■ ini'ii .>f wi-ithig meant fur enffffiviiig : 
the lines, however, are not sufficiently 
<•■ ]■■• iiiiii .a u- liehit; engraved. Other 
gpeclmenahitve been reoelved from the following : 
.i vide Cremer, the fifteen-year-old penman of 
Qreeu Ba] Wlsooniln; Q W. Allison. Newark, N. 
.i . iiii-n.. m College, with olub; L. c Htvener, 
Dlrei tor ol pfayati al Onltnra of the Y. M.i 1 
gymn i-iuin Wororster m.i-- ; i; n Seadln, Ben- 
mns, Mich . I' B Qati b Rookland, Me , P A. 
Westrope, Grant, towa . i' ■' Whiteleather, Fori 
Wayne. Ind: W Robinson, WasbagO, Ontario; 


Educational Notes. 

Harvard distributed sV,:;n(iij to indigent 
students Inst year. 

The enrolled school p -pulalion of the 
South has increased :inn per cent, since |s;u 

There tire 2,000 Protestant girls iu con 
venl Bcbools in the Canadian province of 

No more little Moslems will go to Chris- 
tian schools in Palestine, for the Turkish 
government has forbidden it. 

There: arc 400 school districts in Vermont 
which have less than a dozen regular 

\ linn-pin ■ r i l ;,| know ledge is not thorough- 
ly distributed to our schools. A in.s heiirj 
asked, " What is mist?" vaguely responded, 
•■ An umbrella." 

"Boy," said a scbooltuas'cr, pulling his 
baud on Hie boy's shoulder, "I believe 
S ilau lias got hold of you." 

"I believe so. too.'" replied the bny.— 
Open Court. 
I Englishman {to freshman) — " And is your 

i in riculuiii large and extruded V" 

Fresh—" Large and extended ? Well, I 
should say it was. It's lour laps lo Ihe 

Ttaclicr— " I'm sorry in hear a little boy 
ii' c auchshoi king language. Do you know 

H liii l" C ■- of little boj 9 Who swear ■'" 

Urchin—" Ves*m. Der gits ler be boss 

Papa — " Why did ihe teacher whip you, 
inv child "" 

Boy— "Oh. for uotliim: al all When be 
asked how many teeth 1 had, lanswered.'a 
mouthful.' " — The Waterbury. 

In the rhetoric class: Teacher — "Take 
tbesenlence, 'She gave herself away.' How 
can that be changed and siili reiain the 
siirnc meaning?'' 

Pupil—" She got married."— Dansrilie 

The superintendent, on introducing a 
young man as a new teacher foi adaBS 
asked, in his behalf, how their former 
teacher began work. A demure lass an- 
swered : "The first thing she did every 

Sunday was to kiss us all around." 

Bright Geometry Sludenl — " This radii 

Professor—*' I suppose you r 

In Lai ID, When they mean 01 
•us.' and when more than oik 
our language we use 'I* for s 

'us' for plural." 

First Omaha Boy—" I tome ot 

waiting for ?" 

>, they use 
'i.' hut in 
igular and 

College Bred Men in Politics. 

Of the sevontj Bin I nited Slates S ors 

thirty have received a classical . dniMiimi. 
mid forty six. or eight more than one-half, 
have been educated iu common schools and 
academies. Of the 888 Representatives and 
Territorial Delegate 8 bul 108 bave attended 
college, while 326, or fifty-nine more than 
the entire number, are either sell educated 
or have received ihcir instruction at Institu- 
tions whose curriculum did do) extend be- 
yond the ordinary English studies, 

Of the relative influence of the twoclai •■ - 
ii is not my purpose to speak. Nor could I 
do so without obvious impropriety. This 

phase of ihe subjeel is imt included in Ihe 

inquiry whether education help- or binders 

the young and ambitious aspirant in the 
preliminary contest for preferment in pub- 
lic affairs. 

Generally speaking, however, il may be 
said that college iiraduates us a rule exhibit 
a certain lack of practical capacity in deal 
ing with men and things. They lake subtle 
and abstract views of all questions, and arc- 
apt to he timid, caul ions and conservative, 
rather than progressive and radical. It wu s 
said of Joseph Addison that he railed as 
Secretary of State because, in composing 
his dispatches, be hesitated about forms of 
expression and the rhetorical construction 
of sentences tilUhe emergency was passed 
Senator Sumuer was another illustration of 
splendid incapacity for practical affairs in 
legislation. His ideals were incomparably 
pure and lofty, and it seemed impossible for 
him to realize that siatutes are the result of 


mouth. N. ii.; w II Lolhrop, South Boston, Mass., 
with club; J p Garrotters, Western College, 
Council Bluffs, town, M V Hester, Terrc Haute, 
Ind., Commercial College; E W. Spencer, Spen- 
cerian Business College, Milwaukee. Wis, wiih 
club; A. W. Dakin. Syracuse, N. Y ; .1 (i liar- 
mlson, Lexlnjrton, Ky.; R 8 Collins, KnoxviHe, 
T.-nn., Business Col'ejte ; H J I'atiuau. Minne- 
apolis, Minn.; C. L. Free, Easton, Pa., Business 
College, with club. 

H w. McCafleity, East Liverpool, Ohio I i 
Gleger, Hamilton, Ont , BoblnesB College, with 
club; w. T. Watson, Leddin'o Business College, 
Memphis, Tenn-, with i-lob; w S .tunc-, Port- 
land, Oregon, with olub; w. ii. Showalter, Editor 
Pm Art H,i„l,(, Chrreland, Ohio; F. G, Steele, 
1 ambrldgi Ohio; .i U Hehan, Capital City Com 

son, Iowa (Sty, I'>wa. C.immercial Collefffl ; F. L, 
Daggett, Snrdetli Dnstness College, Boston. 

Charles McClellan Me Comb, 111. with elegant 

■i ■"- ol plain wrlilog . I J I opi land i ol 

ton PUnt, Ark . cards 0. Hursen, Clinton, la., 
enclosing various exerci-es cauls ,>f a Wgh 
order of execuiton. Hursen Is one of Uriah 
McKee's pupils. 

—The latest Issue of Kibbe's Alphabet ure in 
keeping with the unique and beautiful style of 

■ hat accomplished penman. > olleotlon Ib en- 
riched by some new bird Bpeeunena from ihe pen 
of W.j, Elliot, of the central Business College 
Stratford. Ontario. A number of very beautiful 
automatlu BpecImeM by a u Borboui i ibor 
town, show thai the hand of tl .■ gentlema bat 
lost nunc of its cunning W M w,i-n.-i I', nman 

■ ■f theSmithdeal llusiacs- i ,, i , ,, ( . N :l 

is an exceptionally orn.,i,- iw m, h , ., t i imi - 
oards, sample.- ot Bteel and oopy-plkte i oprai li g 
of a hijch order of excellence cm.- ti,.ai I; s 

Hoa-aii, ..r ii,e Metropolitan Business College, 

-Charles S. Church. Bangor, Maine, whoBBYfi 
he hna received much praottoal tnitruotlon from 
Tub.Ioi'rs*l. sends us a well executed drawing 
or a lion's head. Siim j. Baer.Sumi 

shows various specimomx ..j c 

U- Marnes, of WriL'hr>i;u-n,. ■--,., n,.^., j:,,,,. k K,, 
'■■"■■- -u P ,n„r>kllll,> M ,m fl tracery In ih. ,hape 
"' birds G W. Temple, San Antonli n 
tributes one of his characteristic nWi.he-l -, ., . 

scholars apiece, aud the avernge pay of 
teachers is smaller thau in any olbcr North- 
ern Slate. 

An uncommonly bright colored girl, Mho 
passed with much credit the test for admis- 
sion to the school of stenography of the 
Cooper Union, with only about 20 per cent, 
of the candidates bring accepted, has a 
front seal wiih the class. 

Tin- different college gymnasiums are 
valued as follows: Harvard, $110 000 
Yale, $135,000 ; Princeton, |88.(>00 Am- 
herst, 165,000; (;olumbIa, $156,000 Wil 

Hams. $50,000; Cornell, $40,000 Lehigh 

$40,000, and Dartmouth, $25,000. 

Princeton's class of '711 was Ihe wealthiest 
ever at Ihe institution. Its members are 
now considering the project of presenting 
Hie colh-c with nn eloLiani bronze statue ol 
Dr. MeCosb, to be made by II Gaudeus 
The cost will be ubout $25,000. 

There are about (500 students al Wellesley 
< 'ollege, and they do Its housework. Every 
-ill is trained to do one kind of work, and 
Co do ii quickly and well Forty-five min- 
utes out of the twenty four hours is allowed 
Co-operation performs wonders. 

hi 1880 there were in Ihe United Slates 

ni round numbers. lO.imtl, voter- Ml 

this number. 2,000,000, or one-fifth of the 
whole number, were Illiterate. One in 
every group of five could not writt his 
name; one m every six could not read his 

A facetious pedagogue said that bis busi- 
ness was in ihe coilar-and-cuff line.— Tinas 

A hog may not. be thoroughly posted in 

arithmetic, but » hen vou come to a "square 

rool " be is there. 

Father— " Tommy, does your teacher use 

a switch ." 
Tommy — " He's a man, papa." 
It is rumored that Chicago has aenl a 

peliliou to Congress a-kini: that bog Latin 

l -In 

Second Omaha Boy— "Ma 

von't ? My 

lywhere Yours is awful strict, 

Yes; she used lo be principal of a Bern- 

" Was she V 

"Yes. I guess pup didn't think about 
Ihe trouble he was makin' for me when he 
man'ied u sc| I teacher." 

Just for Fur 

Ships are frequently on speaking terms, 
aud they lie to. 
" Woman feels where man thinks," Bays 

a Writer Ifes, that's why man is bald 

Toe man who has not ate enOUgll had 

better look at the calendar for this year.— 
Betion Bulletin, 
A Tuckahoe man is Just mean enough to 

call his wile A lliuahr . because she has so 

much jaw.— Tonkt re Statesman 

Everything it at least a century old in 
Philadelphia. Even the principal street of 
the village is called - Chestnut - s,,,,,,. 
villi Joui nai 

& Preuch woman confesses lo Ihe mairy- 
iug of eight husbands. Few women possess 
the power lo fasten-eight mtn.—Binghamp 
I'm llfjinblican. 

A p.iet sent to an editor a contribution 
entitled, " Why do I live?" The editoi 
answered "Because vou senl jrour contri- 
bution by mall instead of bringing it." 

At a table in n New York resiauianl 
fome one remarked: "He bad DO father, 
and be had ao mother." 

■■Self-made man," said a wit sitting 
near by. 

Guesl (to landlord)—"] saj I [lord, 

bave you gol such n thing as an ent vclope- 
diti about the house '.'" 

Landlord — "No, sir. we have not , bul 
there is a gentleman from Boston in the 
reading room " — Sarper't Baeaar, 

compromise and adjustment. If he could 
not secure whal was to his conception abso- 
lutely right ami just, he resolutely refused 
to accept half mca-ims He would either 
reach Ibc goal or lake no step in its dircc- 

Supei'ior schohirshipaliena'es a man from 
the mass of bis fellows, and puts him ..ut of 

sympathy with them. It erects a harrier 
which must be overcome before confidential 
relations can be established, and ihe young 
men who arc aspiring to leadership in the 

ct ig generation, in tbeir struggle with 

poverty and adversity, can find consolation 
io the reflection that the great lcadt rs ol tin- 
age had neither degrees nor diplomas 

Abraham Lincoln, ihe greotesl of all, had 
the humblest origin and the scantiest Bcbol 

arship. Yet be surpassed all orators In elo- 
quence, all dipiomaiisis in wisdom, all 
statesmen in foresight and the most ambi- 
tious in fume. — Benatw John J. Tngalle, of 
Kansas, in the New Tori World 

for $18." 
Iiu-baml— ■■ Which did you flnallj decidi 

w if. -"The$18one. I'm a littlesuper- 

-litiou- about the uiimher ihirleen. 

\ lake in the tountryseatof the Emperor 
of Austria, ncarYieiina. is used ns a Bkating 
park, ami the other day o Viennese went 
skating then- n iih an ink bottle attached to 
the back of his skate, the neck adjusted bo 

OS lo allovi the ink to How out in a regular 
stream. With thai wriling appai.iiu- he 
sketched the name of the Crown Princess 
on ihe ice iu lines thai a writing master 
might envy —AY- ning H 



Tell all Your Friends 
About It. 



A Breech Load- 
ing Curt? 

A Flobert Rifle? 

A Fine Cold 

A Photographic 

A Standard Col- 
umbia Bicycle? 

See the Journal's 
New Premium List. 


Who will get 
the Remington 
Type- Writer? 

We know one teacher who 
wants it. 

A boy who can't own a 

beautiful $ 1 OO. Bicycle 

now (by workingfor 

the Journal) has'nt 

much snap and 

push about 

him — 


All About Volapuk. 

posed Universal Language. 

Valopuk is simplicity and exactness to 
Ibe highest degree. It is phonetic, for the 
moal ardi Dt lover of historical spelling will 
admit that, a language without history may 
at least have sensible spelling. Fvery root 
syllable consists where possible of three 

order to give the greatest distinctiveness 
consistent with euphony ; thus Vol is world : 
the first part of our name, Volapuk. Now 
for the other root, puk — speak is soon cut 
down to -pik, and the s is dropped through 
tlieoperution of the rule we have mentioned. 
ami pik is left. This would be the English 
reduction to Volapuk simplicity, hut in this 
general tongue ik is the adjective ending 
placed on substantives, and so there is a 
change directly in the line of universality, 
and pik becomes puk— not a pleasant word 
to our English tongue, but all rfghl to a 
Frenchman. The a joining the two roots 
is not merely a pronounced hypnen. so to 
speak, but wilh a purpose. The three lead- 
ing vowels do duty as case endings, geui- 
tiae, dative, accusative ; thus vola becomes 
" worlds," or " of world," or " of the 
world," just what mundi would be in 
Latin, nnd we have the full word. Vol a- 
puk, meaning world's speech. 

The plural is always formed by adding s 
to the singular, and so the whole declension 
of vol runs vol. vola, vole, voli, vols, volas, 
voles, volis. We have no articles, and we 
say vola, as the Roman said mundi. The 
Tomans conquered mundum without the 
use of articles, and did not care whether it 
was the world or a world, provided they got 
it. We say. " The Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelly to Animals." Why not say 
"the cruelty " and " the animals;" or, bet- 
ter still, why not omit all the articles, as 
we do in a telegram when we wsnt to be 
clear and ters ? Think, too, of these same 
articles in the German and French, particu- 

dance of complication, 

Combination makes many phrases, so you 
already know that Puks Vola means the 
langyage of the world, and vol pukas, the 
world of languages. Puk with the proper 
ending becomes the corresponding verb, and 
with the pronouns ob. I and ol, thou, we 
have pukob, I speak, and puknl, thou 
spcakest. Oin and of are he and she. re- 
spectively, and we have pukom and pukof, 
he speaks and she speaks, and in the plur- 
als there are pukobs. pukols, pukoms and 
pukofs which you can at ouce translate. 
As the ending is used for person marks, the 
beginning is used for tense signs, pilkob 
meansl speak now ; epi'ikob. I bavespoken; 
ipukol, you had spoken, opilkom, he will 
speak, and upukof, she will have spoken. 
We can have tense In other words, as Del 
being day, and with O, the abverb ending, 
we have odelo, to-morrow; adelo, to-day, 
and adelo. yesterday P stands for the pas- 
sive, and any verb form with this prefixed 
takes the passive form. So Pulogobs stands 
for the full equivalent of "we shall have 
beeil seen " The numerals follow the same 
system, thus : 

The first nine numerals end in 1. preceded 
by the vowels in regular order. 

123*5678 D 
bal tel kil fol hi] mat vel jol zul 

The tens are formed by adding s 




llS kllS ful8 tills muN vi-l.s j..|> ills 

Numbers composed of tens and units 
unite, the two pairs by " e," and balaebal, 
ii balaetel, twelve ; telaebel.31 ; lulsevcl, 
51 . Eulaenil, 'J'J. ' 

Turn, hundred, mil, thousand; baliou. 
million ; these are preceded by one of the 
digita Ballum, 100 ; teltum, 200 ; kilmil, 
8.000; folium, 4.400 ; lulrail lultum 
tulseful 5,665. 

The numerals are always placed after the 
thing numbered Mao bal, one man. .Man- 
tel, two ineii. Vmns kil. three women. 

It isa language without any possibility of 
error of understanding. The meaning i* 
bull) up scientifically, and there is no such 
thiugasau idiomatic meaning in a certain 
otherwise nonsensical phrases. There is no 
ambiguity in Volapuk. 

As to the uses of Volapuk it is almost im- 
possible i" enumerate them 1 sec nothiDg 

visionary in looking forward to the day 
when there will be a master of Volapuk in 
every large shop, in every large commercial 
house, in every telegraph office, in everj 
newspaper office. Today the correspond 
ing clerk who can speak or write three or 
four languages isa valuable man ; the more 
languages the more valuable. In the fu 
ure a corresponding clerk will know bis 
ownlangunge and Volapuk. Thus armed 
he will be able to communicate wilh ever) 
nation under the sun where the business 
Uousesare equally well equipped. Already 
Volapuk is taught in some of the commer- 
cial schools of Germany, and there is a Vol- 
apuk interpreter regularly employed in the 
Parisian shop, the * Printemps." The sign 
' Volapukon,' hangs on the door. The very 
fact that the vocabulary is small, as com 
pared with that of a spoken language, is au 
advantage. It may not allow the niceties of 
expression, but that is not necessary in busi- 
ness communications, and I believe Vola- 
puk will at first be the business language 
anil nothing more. Hut it will be all that. 

Scientists will soon see the advantage of 
giving a world-wide circulation to their new 
discoveries. But this takes time. The ter- 
minology of each science will be cons'ruc 
ted by adepts in that particular branch. 
Already this has been done for chemistry." 

Diplomacy will undoubtedly in time 
adopt this neutral tongue as the only equit- 
able one for treaties and conventions, 
neither party being at a disadvantage. 

I short, while all the languages of earth 
will remain in local use. without any ag 
gression on the part of Volapuk, yet f..r 
broader international purposes which con. 
cern ' the parliament of* man, the federation 
of the world.' we shall realize Father 
Schleyer's motto, ' Menad bal, puk bal' 
(one humanity, one language)." 

The Left Hand's Petition. 
The following is stated to be a trans] a- 
ion of an article written in French by IJen- 

I lake the liberty of addressing myself to 
all the friends of youth, and to beseech 
them tit have compassion upon my misfor- 
tune and to help me to conquer the preju 
dice of which I am the innocent victim. 
I am one of twin sisters of our family, 
c head do not resemble 
pll tely Mian I and my 

The two eyes 
each other mo: 
own sister do. 

M\ sisterand I could perfectly agree to- 
gethi r if it was not for the partiality of our 
parents, who favor her to my great hurailia- 

From my infancy I was taught to look 
upon mj sister as if she were of a higher 
rank than I, My parents allowed me to 
grow up without any instruction, while 
they did not spare any cost on the educa- 
tion of my sister. She had professors of 
writing, drawing, music !im l other useful 
and ornamental performances, hut if I hap- 
pened to touch a pencil, a pen or a needle, 
I was severely reprimanded, and more than 
once I was even beaten for being clumsy. 

It is true that my sister likes my com- 
pany, and does not despise my co-operation 
occasionally, hut always claims superiority, 
and only calls upon me when she ueeds my 

Now. ladies and gentlemen, I do not 
believe thai m_\ complalntfl are dictated by 
vanity; oh, no, they have a more serious 

My sister and I are charged by our par- 
ents with the work of procuring the neces- 
sities of life, Now, if some sickness should 
befall my sister anil make her unable to 
work (and I tell you in confidence that my 
sister is subject to cramps, rheumatism, 
gout, and many other ailnu-nisi, what will 

1 ti ol 'n\ familj ■' Ala- 1 we shall 

perish in misery . for I shall DOl l>< able 
i vcii to draw a supplication for ..l.tainin- 

chaiiiy. Even for the present petition I 

have In-* n ..Mured to use a stranger's hand. 

Oh, how mv parents win regret having 

established MU -|, an unjust .list jnctiou be- 
tween two sisters who resemble each other 
so uearly I 

Will you he -o kind, ladies and gentle- 
men, as to make iny parents realize how 
unjust it is io he mi partial in thnr I tent- 
mi- lit of their children, and how aeceaserj 

Ei is for them to bestow their care and afTec 

upon ti. 

greatest reaps 


Tin, Lli-t Hand. 

W A 

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Type Writers bouLilit, sold and exe-banged on 
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Five More Plates <<i 

Kibbe's Alphabets. 

. pointed p-n, 
1.,-t st\lc of I. 

iiniiii.r.'iiiJLH, ,■ 

A white faced letter, with .Isirk huekgn mtid rui'l 
II. .w r- I laUnale and suited I.. costly engross TW" style-, ,f iini-h shown. 

No. 25. Artistic Rustic. 

i , ,■■ .hi t:, rapirl, and the moat artistic 

..(T.-.-l in rn-ll. lettering vet J " ■ 1 1 1 «■ ■- ■ I M-ti>'\ i. 

,,,,,,. ,i '■■ ,. m mi,- who will sai tbat this plate [a 

■ i-tTi-cl , combined Willi 
mil llii- alphabet |. ad- 
itistic if you like after 

. -i 1 1, - <>i lorollswltta appropriate lettering 

■n.iTiit nt.if ion \ i-i v artistic, mid if we mis 

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irthand and Typewriting. 


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In the appendix In this book there are over 1.1 
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This College furnishes, nt moderate coat, the 
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It is progressive and thorough In all Its appoint- 
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The methods fur Illustrating actual business In 
use in Business Practice Departments, are 
conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
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complete course of training than the entire course 
In many Business Colleges that claim to be among 
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The Principal of this Department is an ex- 
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send for " The Commercial World.' 

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The Principal of tins Department stands a 
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t, attend n school wholly <le 
thing, and also place yoursel 
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Remember, the Specialty of this 
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ist. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn tlie 

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All the Copies 

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A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 



Vol. XII.— No. 4. 

Lessons In Practical Writing. 

Correct Position. 
In any undertaking two things are neces- 
sary for success: first, a clear and distinct 
conception of what it is purposed to do; sec- 
ond, a perfect understanding as to how it is 
to be done. In the construction of any edi- 
fice the beginning is with the designer, who 
perfects the entire plan while even the stone 
may yet lie in the quarry and the timber 
grow in its forest home. By this plan the 
builder is guided in all the minutia of the 
construction. Were builders to proceed at 
once with their work without carefully de- 
vised plans there could be no certainty or 
harmony of effort on the part of those em- 
ployed. The work of one would not match 
or supplemenl that of the entire. All would 
be chance, and the entire work would soon 
eod in inextricable confusion. 

So in teaching or learning U> wriir, gnuij 
forts" to the accomplishment of" "a clearly 
conceived purpose, liven then, if the ideal 
is false or the method for its attainment 
wrong, the end must be. to a greater or less 
degree, a failure. 

Innumerable have been Ihe schemes de- 
vised for a short cut to a good-handwriting 
and about equally numerous have been the 
ideals for good writing. We wish to say at 
the outset that there is no royal way to 
a good hand-writing. Its acquisition is 
through patient, and earnest study and 
practice. Yet we believe that it is within 
the acquirement of all persons having com- 
mon sense and one good hand. 

The idea that writing is more specifically 
a gift than any other attainment is an ab- 
surdity. It is true that writing is more dif- 
ficult of acquirement than a knowledge of 
some other branches of study, because it is 
a double acquisition. There must be a dis- 
cipline of the mind and taste in order that 
there may be a correct and true conception 
of what constitutes good writing; that is to 
say a good ideal and then a training of mus- 
cles and hand to do well and readily the 
work. Thus there is a double labor as 
compared with the study of geography, or 
arithmetic or other branches, the mastery of 
which is entirely a mental operation. 

In these lessons it will be the earnest ef- 
fort of the author not only to present cor- 
rect models for imitation but to set forth 
the best methods for acquiring their mas- 
First, what are we to understand by 
" good practical writing ?" It is that which 
is most easily rend, ami most easily, rapidly 
and gracefully written. To be legible let 

their construction, and written with a 
rapid combined fore-arm movement. To be 
graceful, there must lie an equal mastery of 
form and motion, so that the letters appar- 
ently flow together in perfect harmony of 
size, form, slant, spacing, shade, and all 
that goes to give a pleasing and satisfactory 

Second, How is it to be done ? By care- 
ful study and practice from good models, 
either engraved or written. 

Being now ready to begin our work we 
do what all good workmen should do first : 
consider our materials and implements. 
We select a pen of medium fineness, paper 
having a smooth, hard finish, and ink as 
black asit is possible to get withafreeflow. 
We then seat ourselves at a table, with chair 
so adjusted as to give a free rest to forearm 
without causing it to be raised so high 
throw the elbow out from the body. 

The position at the table should be such 
as to give as complete a rest to the fore-arm 
as possible, We believe that the right side 

to the desk will generally be the best, 
though there are good arguments in favor 
of the front and left sides, each of 
which we present. The position at the 
desk, however, is of less importance than 
that the proper relative position of the 
arm, pen and paper be maintained; that is 
to eay, the lower margin of the paper 
should be at right angles to the arm, the 
pen so held as to bring its face squarely to 
the paper, so that each nib shall be under 
the same pressure. If the pen is held to 
one side, so as tu bring greater pressure upon 
one nib than the other, there is necessarily 
a rough, ragged line, while I he pen is con- 
stantly impeded in its motion by catching 
in the paper. We give illustrations, both 
of the position of the body at the table and 
the pen in the hand. 

position we now 
Three move- 
less in writing, 

GOooOO s 

Having established 
give attention t 
nients are employed t: 

First of all and mo; 
movement. By this we understand that the 
entire motion by which writing is construct- 
ed is by the mo venimt of t lie joi Lit s of thehand 
and fingers. The next movement in point 
of use, and first in excellence, is the com- 
bined fore-arm and finger movement, which 
is secured by resting the fore-arm just front 
the elbow, and by the simple relaxation and 
wh^eT'aidViri' 4 hTe^mstruci Fo'n'tif^fuTe^^ 
of the more com- 
thc most free and 
irele'ss of movements employed in writing. 


Third, the whole arm movement, which 
is obtained by raising the arm entirely from 
the table, resting only the point of the pen 
and the tips of the fingers upon the paper. 
This is the most free and sweeping of all 
the movements. This movement when cm- 
ployed in writing tends to make it loose and 
inaccurate because it is the action of a long 
lever, which it is not easy to so discipline 
as to produce writing having proper unifor- 
mity of size and form. It will of necessity 

made of this movement is in offhand flour- 
ishing, large capitals. supei-eriptionB, etc., 
where it may be used to good advantage. 

We would therefore recommend most 
thoroughly the combined fore-arm and fin- 
ger movement for all ordinary writing. Es- 

Being Beated, as we have advised, right 
front of our desk with a firm, easy position 
of the body, we take a pen, holding it as il- 
lustrated in the cut. It will be observed 
that two position^ are represented for the 
pen. That in which the holder crosses the 
fore-finger in front of the knuckle-joint is 
the proper position for the ringer move- 
ment, as being that which gives the most 
free action of all the joints and muscles em- 
ployed. That position in which the bolder 
falls back of the knuckle is preferable for 
the combined movement, as it affords an 
easier grip upon the holder, and since the 
motion of the pen is chiefly derived from 
the muscular art ion of the forearm the posi- 
tion 1b no impediment to celerity of action. 
We are now ready to begin work upon 
the movement exercises, an extensive and 
careful practice upon which cannot beover- 
estimated in the acquisition of a good band- 
writing. Forms of letters which are slowly 
and laboriously made, although legible, arc 
of little practical utility for business pur- 
poses. Facility of motion will be acquired 
much more readily in practising upon the 
movement exercises than in writing words 
and sentences. In order that practise upon 
movement shall be effective it must be done 
with care. Thoughtless scribbling gives no 
available discipline. In selecting exercises 
they should be such as bring the muscles in 
play in every direction required for ~— ' 

t^n^y /??t^£^Z^2/ 


"laterally as well up i 
hich we present a 
ged upon this plan. 

Racing with the Pen. 

Is there not danger that Young America 
will get an overdose of speed? So many 
are crying speed, speed, where there is no 

It is rather amusing to read some of the 
articles which appear on the subject Many 
of the youDg teachers of to-day seem to 
think that they have discovered something 
new, when, in reality, ihey have simply 
found some old footprinis in the sand. 

As I read these productions I am re_ 
minded of my boyhood days, when I used 
to take the farm horses out in the back lot 8 
and speed them. How the apple trees did 
fly past us I We thought we were making 
the fastest time on record, but when, in 
after years, we were permitted to mount a 
real flyer, how tame the former things ap- 

These "Professors " talk as though rapid 
writing had never been thought of until 
they developed it. They talk of the old 
teachers, in fact, of nil but themselves, as 
slow writers. They do not mention names, 
and so I have been looking around to see 
The fact is they have been 
little donkeys out in the 
g that they imagine that 
onderful speed, but if 
w up alongside of such 
men as J. W. Lusk, J. V. R. Chapman, 
Victor M. Rice. Robert C. Spencer, William 
P. Cooper, Stephen Howland, Alexander 
Cowley. W. H. Hollistcr, and a host of 
others we might mention, when they had 
time to take breath and wipe the dust out of 
their eyes, as they saw the host far ahead 
of them, they would realize what asses 
they had been making of themselves 

To say at this time that rapid writing is 
of recent origin is to say that which is ut- 
terly false, and lo insinuate that P. R. 
Spencer (" The father of all decent writ, 
ing," as one has so aptly put it,) did not 
writers, is to cast a slur upon "one ofTae 
purest and] most unselfish characters 
ever known to the writing fraternity. I t 
simply shows that they who say such things 
either did not know the man or they are 
very careless with the truth. 

I believe in rapid writing. I believe in 
rapid reading. I believe in rapid arithmetic, 
but I believe that speed in anything musl 
come by degrees, and not'.all at once. 

Accuracy should be cultivated by out 
young people fully as muchaaspeed. When 
the boy goes into a business house of what- 
ever kind, especially where he has the 
handling of mooey. he will find this lo be 
true. It is not the boy who can make change 
the quickest, but the boy who never makes 
a mistake, who keeps the place. The book- 
keeper who can always swear by his books, 
whose balance-sheet always comes out 

who they m< 
riding their 
back lots s< 
they are making 
they could 

I wish to be understood here. I do not be- 
lieve in allowing the children to draw the 
letters, like ihe engraver, but aim at accu- 
rate forms, preseiving the curves and 
straight lines in their order, height and 
slant. Train the eye and mind, as well as 
the hand— the eye to see. the mind to think, 
and the hand to execute. 

Mr. Spencer was very careful to give his 
pupils accurate conceptions of the forms of 
letters before allowing them to practice 
upon them. He impressed the forms upon 
the mind by his striking illustrations, so 
that the pupil would not and could not for- 
get them, and the fastest and best business 
penmen I have ever met were his pupils. 

Some two years ago I called upon G. W. 
Michael at his " Pen Art Hall " in Oberlin, 

His school was in session, and I took 
pains to watch the speed of pupils in writ- 
ing. They were making quick motions, but 
their writing was not rapid Prom Oberliu 

1 went to Cleveland and called upon P. H. 
Spencer, Jr. I found himgiving a writing 
lesson, and, without his knowing what I 
was doing, I took careful note of the speed 
of his pupils My observation was that 
Spencer's pupils could actually write one- 
third more words in ten minutes than 
Michael's could, with less fuss about it, and 
the quality of their writing was far supe- 

A Voice From Yale. 

a Lecture Boom— 

: Ariju 

The old adage "The more hn^tr the less 
speed" holds good in writiDg. 

Pupils passing from the eighth grade to 
the high school should be aide to write fif- 
teen words per minute for ten consecutive 
minutes or any number of minutes. This 
can be reached, but when I am told that the 
child in the first grade should write with 
the same speed as the child in the eighth 
grade, I am constrained to say that "the 
fools are Dot all dead," 

TJnsurpnssed for Genernl Work. 
" Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say with 
pleasure that they are superior in every 
particular, and hereby commend them to all 
E. L. Burnett, 
Bryant <t Slratton Business College, Provi- 
dence, Ii. I. 

never returned for correction, is the one who 
is never found looking for a job, while the 
"lightning calculator" is often seen in 
leedy apparel hunting for a place to stay 
over night.*; 

Suppose we take a class of children in 
reading and say to them: Now we want you 
to read this right off fast, no matler what 
you call the words ; the pronunciation will 
come after a while ; say something, but 
keep going. Never mind if you do say 
" dog," when you should say "cat," it will 
be all right by-and-by. Keep your tongue 
going ; the words will come. This 
would be just as sensible as to say that the 
thing to aim at is speed. No matter how 
the letters look ; we will straighten them 
out when we get farther along. 

The easiest thing to cultivate is careless- 
ness. Weeds will grow without any atten- 

We should begin to develop movement 
just as soon as the child begins to write. and 
when we develop movement in the right 
way, we increase the speed. This develop- 
ment will be gradual up to the most rapid 
execution, if persisted in. " When a ihiug 
is once begun, never leave it till it's done. " ° 

As a rule children can be urged to go just 
a little faster than they are inclined logo, 
but they should never be allowed to go fast 
enough to destroy the forms of the letters. 

The special cards sei 

lady's visiting card. A 
generally preferred. 


t out for invitations 
trifle larger than a 
shape ueurly square 
The word " tea" is 
omitted this season, and Iheleft-baud corner 
of the card is engraved only with the hour 
-"four to seven," or "three to six"— and 
the date on which the tea is to be given ; 
the address is engraved in the right-hand 
corner The name of the eldest daughter, 
at home, is sometimes placed on the card 
under her mother's name. Where the 
daughter gives tea, aDd if the father is a 
widower, in exceptional cases, his name is 
pluppd nit Ihe card above the daughter's, 
where her mother's would he. The form of 
invitation to the " tea "differs little in ap- 
pearance from the ' ' Kettledrum " card with 
the word "Kettledrum" omitted. 

Invitations to dancing parties are on note 
paper, and all engraved, with the space left 
blank for the name of person invited to be 
filled in the handwriting of the hostess. 
The words " dancing" or "cotillion" or 
"dancing" with the hour it begins, are 
engraved in the left-hand corner, with the 
date on which the entertainment is to be 
given. The words, " the favor of an early 
answer is requested," or the letters " R. S. 
V. P. "are not often used, as persons ac- 
customed to good society usually appreciate 
the necessity of acknowledging an invita- 
tion promptly. Invitations engraved on 
note paper with blanks to be filled in with 
the date and name of the guest are kept on 
hand by ladies who give a number of in- 
formal entertainments. 

Editor of the Jon nxil; 

Sir:— From the shades of old Yale I look 
out upon the great world of mental and 
physical activity, where I shall soon be en- 
gaged in business. 

Those who enter a great university im- 
bued with ambition and bright hopes soon 
find that in carelessly taking rapid notes of 
lectures, the handwriting degenerates into a 
scrawl, often illegible and meauingless to 
everyone but the writer and not infrequent- 
ly lo him it becomes a labyrinth of mystery 

There are some men who prudently culti- 
vate and preserve a good band-writing 
throughout their college course and, some 
of them, like President Garfield, utilize it 
to earn money to defray the expenses of 
(heir education. 

A variety of chirographic literature has 
at various times fallen into my hands and 
interested me in some of the lauded meth- 
ods of acquiring a free use of ihe pen. 

A test of these methods proves some of 
them to be unnatural and hurtful. In one 
test ten gentlemen and ladies endeavored 
to write by musical time. 

Those who kept ihe time wrote illegibly 
and those who wrote decently could not 
keep the time. This experience disclosed 
the fact that elementary lines may be exe- 
cuted by a number of persons fairly well in 
concert, although such performance is un- 
necessary, but the attempt to throw off let- 
ters, words aud sentences, each person todo 
the same number within a given time was 
proved lo be practically a failure. 

The method for gaining greater cali- 
graphic freedom found lo be in accordance 
with the aptitude of writers is as follows:— 
Write a word or words, according to your 
habit, at an average speed, noted by a time- 
piece, during a minute; then write again 
with the view of writing better and more 
gooifposlfcou'Tn^Sy" $J?iJJ£?* T *™& 
the highest rate of speed rational with 
proper form is attained. In this way a rate 
of thirty, forty and even fifty words per 
minute can be acquired in practical writ- 
ing, adapted to use in the lecture room aDd 
in mercantile houses. 

Experiments in ambidextrous writing 
were made, giviog indubitable proof that a 
better use of ihe right hand is secured in a 
shorter time if it's practice is supplemented 
by using the left hand occasionally. 

These methods arc clearly explained in 
the letter-press of the new Spencerian Com- 
pendium, receully issued in a large siDgle 

An eminently successful instructor in 
New York City, employs music asnn aid lo 
good writing in a new, pleasing and advan- 
tageous way. A music box is used and the 
number of minutes the tune reverberates 
through the room is occupied by the stud- 
ents in writing, perhaps a senleuce having 
ten words. The tune ends in, say, five 
minutes; then each writer counts and cor- 
rects his words under the direction of the 

Some reach seventy words at first, and 
hundred aud (hen a higher num- 

Woman's Mental Status. 
Though we were to concede all that is 
claimed for difference in size of brain be- 
tween the sexes, still in the home no one 
discovers any natural inferiorily of girls to 
hoys. As a rule, the girls in any com- 
munity are quite as intelligent as the boys. 
If we pass from childhood to youth we still 
fail to discover any mental inferiority of 
young women to young men. When the 
two sexes are educated together the female 
performs her task with Ihe same apparent 
ease as the male. Young woman acquire 
languages as readily, comprehend abstruce 
problems as quickly, and are quite as likely 
to take prizes in mathematics and olher 
studies as male students. In adult age we 
find the same intellectual equality of the 
sexes. And yet here we may find an excuse 
for any deficiency on the part of woman, by 
remembering that she has not had the same 
opportunity for mental development that 
man has enjoyed. The greatest variation 
of brain weight is among civilized people, 
where women have never enjoyed equal 
fidvantngps with men for mf-ntnl culture, 
while among the lowest races there is but 
little, if any, variation in size of brain be- 
tween the sexes, showing that education 
has much to do in the intellectual develop- 
men of man. Says Maudsley, who is au- 
thority on this subject: "Among Eu- 
ropeans the average weight of the brain is 
greater in educated than in uneducated 

Now woman lias never had equal op- 
portunities with man for intellectual de- 
velopment Theuniversitiesandall the best 
educational institutions of the world have 
been closed to her, and all the weight of 
custom and prejudice have been brought to 
bear upon her, lo make her repress all intel- 
lectual aspirations as foreign to her sphere 
uf activity, which is popularly interpreted 
to mean domesticity. If "quality" of 
brain has no bearing on this question, as 
Professor Romans maintains, why, then, 
should a 37-ouuce brain in man involve 
idiocy, and the same result not follow in 

of both 
why shoi 





McetB His Unqualified Approval, 
Ames' Best Pen meets with my bearly 
and unqualified npproval. In fact I am de- 
lighted, I have long sighed for jusl such a 
pen. Enclosed please find $1, for which 
please send me a one-gross box. 

James W. Harkins. 
Teacher of Writing in the Curti-s Com- 
mercial College, Minneapolis, Minn. 

In the world of letters and business at n< 
time has the pen exercised such power ai 
now. One of the great systems of writing 
published in New York is supplied to the 
millions by the daily use of eleven stean 
printing presses and several hand presses, 
The power of ihe pen mure than ever before 
commands many great agencies and gigan- 

If you should work to secure subscribers 
for The JouiiNAL.aud should gel -,i\ . <m an 
average of one a dav for the year round 
you could gel a $100 type writer and a $100 
bicytle for your pains, or a liuiary of nearly 
2(H) volumes (Alia Edition) handsomely 
hound and all standard work* There are 
many other arlicles you could gel in place 
if preferred. 

For one subscriber a day for one month, 
a handsome breach-loading ilnuhlr limn l 
shot gun, or an elegant heavy gold plate 
hunting c:^l- gold watch of standard manu- 
facture, with slop attachment, 

Hut ihe list is too long. Look it over and 
do your own figuring. 

nol idiocy follow in each w 
ne weight of brain ? If the man 
idiotic with 37 ouDces of brain, as 
are told, and the woman is in no danger 
idiocy with that weight of brain, it it 
evident enough which has the inferior brain. 
If the 32-ounce female brain can do bettei 
intellectual work than the 37 ounce male 
brain (the point of idiocy) then the argu- 
ment from the relative of brain fails, or 
proves the superiority of the female brain. 
If female brain is sound and clear and cap 
able of good mental work, it legitimately 
follows that the constituent properties of (he 
two brains are in some respects different, or 
that the female brain is of superior quality, 
as many scientific writers teach. If both 
had precisely the same "quality" of brain, 
both would become idiotic with the same 
*■ quantity," viz.. 87 ounces. 

It is because of this higher quality of the 
female brain that little girls have an excess 
of refined moral sense over boys, more 
natural refinement, sweeter nature, and 
diviner instincts. Of course there are ex- 
ceptions to all rulesjo/but, generally 
speaking, the finer qualities of the female 
nature are apparent in early girlhood, so 
that the instincts and preemptions in girls 
are of a higher order than in boys. Girls 
are more refined in their manners and habits 
of life and thought, and this indicates a 
higher degree of moral and spiritual sensi- 
bility. Words and actions show the quality 
of the soul, for out of the heart ihe mouth 
speakelh, and the speech betrays the 
quality of the heart. Woman, as a rule, 
has a better quality of thought and life 
lhan man. — Rev. D. P. Livermore. in the 

" A million little diamonds 

Twinkle on the trees, 
And all ihe lillle maidens said, 

' A jewel, il you please ! ' 
Uui while they held their hamis 

To catch the diamonds gay, 
A million little sunbeam* came 

And stole ihem all away." 

Class Drill in Penmanship. 

Taught a Wester.. Penman. 

EdiUn of tht Journal : 

Sir :— As you want opinions from prac- 
tical teachers of writing as to the best 
methods of class drill, I send you this, hav- 
ing had twelve years experience in business 
college and public school work. On enter- 
ing a school room where I am a stranger I 
first have the pupils write a liue or two, that 
I may see them write and see their position, 
movement, and get acquainted with them, 
(any teacher should be able to read his 
pupils, and read them before he undertakes 
to lead them). Then I can tell where to 
begin. I then explain the position for hold, 
ing the pen, sitting, etc., and give them a 
Utile short talk (still reading them) to have 
them all ia a good humor and give them an 
appetite. TheD I am ready to write. I start 

I find that my pupils, after leaving me. 
never drop back again to poor position nor 
poor movement, neither do they become 
illegible writers, but usually advance. I 
give them the simplest forms, for plain, 
rapid, practical writing, and after they have 
acquired some speed, but more form, move- 
ment and position, I give short words, still 
dictating. Then I give sentences, and have 
them keep an eye on position, movement 
aud speed, and so on to the end of the 
chapter. I do not wonder at so many poor 
writers coming west. They all say that 
when they left college they wrote a beauti- 
ful hand, but their writing now is a regular 
Mark Checkup style, having been taught 
by the minute, instead of being taught to 
control the hand. I did not expect to say 
anything, but it is quite laughable to read 
some of the letters in writing from some 
of the " minute men" in the different pen- 
man's papers. I think 

that I never would wish to see a child taught 
to read at all, unless the other conditions of 
its education were alike gentle and judi- 
cious. A well-trained gentleman should, of 
course, know the literature of his own 
country, and half a dbzen classics thor- 
oughly, glancing at what else he likes ; but 
unless he wishes to travel or to receive 
strangers, there is no need of his troubling 
himself with the languages or literature of 
modern Europe. I know French pretty 
well myself. I never recollect the gender 
of anything, and don't know more than the 
present indicative of any verb ; but with a 
dictionary I can read a novel, and the result 
is my wasting a great deal of time over 
Scribe, Dumas, and Gaboriau. aod becom- 
ing a weaker and more foolish person in all 
manner of ways therefor. French scien- 
tific books are, however, out and out, the 
best in the world ; and, of course, if a man 
is to be scientific he should know both 

-^ ' 

' + ■'*/** • •/' y / y £ / /- / / V. 

„• /' y/-/,^////^^^^ 

venture, however, to protest, somewhat 
sharply against reading any book fast. To 
do anything fast— that is to say, at a greater 
rate than that at which it can be done well 
—is a folly ; but of all follies reading fast 
is the least excusable. You miss the points 
of a book by doing so, and misunderstand 
the rest. — John Rush'n. 

The Ne Plus Ultra of Pens. 

So writes J. P. Medsger, professional 
penman. Jacobs Creek, Pa.: 

■' Amos' Best Pens received. I do uot 
wonder that your expectation has been 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen. 
being fine pointed, durable, flexible and 
possessing a quick action." 

' Write Not At All.' 

'riling Friendly or Business Letters. 

Write not at all is a safe motto,', said a 
well known attorney in conversation with a 
Leader reporter last week, after he had fin- 
ished reading the Campbell-Arbuckle love 
letters. "Just see," he continued, " whata 
world of trouble and worry the average man 
or woman would save themselves and their 
friend if they would observe more cau- 
tion in what they write and to 
whom. Why, I can recall numerous in- 
stances where the Leader has in the past 
been enabled to show up some spicey social 
or political crockeduess by the sole means of 
a signature of some prominent party being 
found attached to a letter or receipt for 
boodle ' paid over, or simply a memoranda 
of certain dubious transactions to which one 
of the conspirators gave authority by care- 
lessly signing his name. Take for instance, 
the innumerable instances, when silly and 
nauseating love letters are read in open court 
to the unutterable disgust of the sedate 
bench. Why even now all New York and 
Pittsburg are laughing over such. letters 
which were produced in a trial this week in 
the former city, where an Ohio belle 
and a prom im:-ui millionaire merchant 

be read as sound good sense at any time and 
under any circumstances. If to your best 
girl let the letter be frank and affectionate, 
but for goodness sake refrain from address- 
ing or signing pet names or of putting 
stars or letters to represent love, hugs or 
kisses. It is worse than rank rot, and makes 
one wonder how either the writer or the 
fair recipient could have a good, sound, 
healthy stomach after penning or reading 
such trashy missives. Never refuse to 
sign any proper document, but be sure 
that its contents are thoroughly mastered 
and comprehended in every detail before 
attaching your signature. I have heard of 
many families being utterly ruined by the 
husband or father signing carelessly a legal 
instrument whose purport he had not full 
knowledge. It is a good rule to write 

with the simplest small letters, and put in 
on an average half of the time drilling on 
them, with different connecting Hues, always 
counting for them, beginning at a medium 
speed, and counting one for each stroke. As 
soon as they understand the drill by count- 
ing, I gradually increase the speed teaching 
movement, form and position at the same 
time. What movement ? Well, a combi- 
nation of the forearm and finger. The arm 
rests on the muscular cushion just forward 
of the elbow, and rolls, while the fingers 
move very little, but they do move, all the 
same. After the pupils have fair position 
and movement I count one for every two 
strokes; then in due time increase as before 
In this way they get better position, im 
prove their form, and acquire more and 
more speed, and do not sacrifice form, and 

penmanship should go together as well as 
anything else. But we mortals must learn 
by experience. The human animal must be 
trained as his brother, the brute. A good 
trainer never tries the speed of his animal 
uutil it knows how to handle itself. 

G. W. Drx. 
Garden City, Kansas, Business College. 

Book Reading. 

th Sound and Vigorous 

, th.' 

Of all the plagues that afflict mortality, 
the venom of a bad book to weak people, 
and the charms of a foolish one to simple 
people, are without question the deadliest ; 
and they are so fur from being redeemed by 
the too imperfect work of the best writers. 

French and Italian. The best German 
books should at once be translated into 
French, for the world's sake, by the French 
Academy. Mr. Lowell is altogether right 
in pointing out that nobody with respect for 
his eyesight can read them in the original. 

I have no doubt there is a great deal of 
literature in the East in which people who 
live in the East, or travel there, may be 
rightly interested. I have read three or four 
pages of the translation of the Koran, and 
never want to read any more ; the Ara- 
bian Nights many times over, and much 
wish now I had been better employed, 

As for advice to scholars in general, I do 
not see how any modest scholar could ven- 
ture to advise another. Every man has his 
own field, and can only, by his own sense, 
discover what is good for him in it. I will 

corres prudence after being read is safer 
when consigned to a convenient grate fire." 
— Piftd'urg Leader. 

The Education of Cirls. 
Few subjects are receiving such wide and 
varied discussion, both here and abroad, as 
that of the education of girls. On the ODe 
hand there is a grave doubt expressed as to 
the efficacy of the present system ; on the 
other it is extolled as perfect and satisfac- 
tory. We find the schools abused by some, 
and the home censured by others, as re- 
sponsible for any defect in the character of 
girls' training. Teachers and books are not 
the main factors in the education of girls. 
It is the character and disposition of their 
parents and associates which yield the most 
powerful influence. If you live with wolves 
you must learn to howl, and all high stand- 
ards of education are usually futile when the 
atmosphere of the girl's home and her as- 
sociations are the reverse of refining and 
intelligent. It requires peculiarly strong 
will on her part, then, to refuse to howl 
wh»n her tribe is wolfish. And it is just 
here where the moral obligations of parents 
must be emphasized to complement the 
Bchool by associations not necessarily of 
wealth or luxury, but of culture and reli- 
gious principle.— Jewish Messenger, 

%{)'{ of ^ftoxcNjiapl^ 

Munson Phonography. 

The Only Complete Course of In.i 

fact about the 

only book connected with the system 
that is in reach now is the "Com- 
plete Phonographer," the author's text 
book, and that docs not embody the recent 
changes in the system adopted by the au- 
thor and approved by practical Munson 

Several attempts have, we believe, been 
made to supply the demand for Munson 
phonographic literature, but for one reason 
or another all efforts in the direction of sup- 
plemental literature in book form have 

As the matter now stands, the only pub- 
lication which represents Munson short- 
hand as Mr. Munson writes it, is the Pen- 
man's Art Journal, and the only course 
of instruction ever committed to print 

wbio>">-h„Hle. ..11 .1 *~--~!~,r,'i.M.Mnr ) 

of the author of the system himself) are to 
be found in the past eighteen numbers of 
the Journal. These lessons were prepared 
by Mrs, L. H. Packard, a prominent writer 
and teacher of large experience. They start 
at the very a, b, c of short band writing 
and by easy gradations cover the whole 
ground. Every phase of phonographic 
writing is amply and clearly treated and il- 
lustrated by the cleanest and handsomest 
short hand script ever printed. Prof. James 
N. Kimball, who beats the world at this 
sort of thing, is responsible for much of 
the beautiful script. 

We have preserved about three hundred 
complete ales of the Journal containing 
the short hand lessons— beginning October, 
1886. The set will be mailed, post-paid,' 
™'l b w ° ew .'; am, . v bindl!r (Price 75 cents') 
without the binder for $1,50. T\'e 
reserve the right to withdraw the offeror 
increase the price. 

This is the one chance now open for 
teachers and writers of Munson phono- 
graphy to get a complete course of printed 
instruction in that system, with abundant 
exercises in reading and writing. 

A Sermon. 

First Aet of a Family Jar. 

Mrs, Muggs—Muggs, you are a wretch 

Mr. Muggs-Why, why. My dear 
what — 

Mrs Muggs-Don't "dear" me. villain. 
Didn't you tell me that a typewriter was a 
machine ? 

Mr. Muggs— And so it is. 

Mr. Muggs.-Indeed , Then why did 
Mrs. Williins say that your typewriter 
had beautiful blonde hair 1~0,i, L i,„,,h 

A Great rhoDogranhlc Number. 
The next issue of The Journal will be 
particularly strong in its nbono.-rwb <■ 
features. If j-„„ will „,,,,, J,, 1°,°^* C f 
phonographic friends, experts, pupils or 
those contemplating the study of short- 
hand, we will be glad to semi them a copy 
free. The promised list of words ,.nd 
phrases which H is necessary to distingi sh 
by outline will be deferred until that \ „,. 
ber. Don't miss connection. 







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~e "^IAmM 

—The membership of the morepromineut 
shortbuud societies of iLis continent is as 
follows: Canadian ijhurthaiid Society, 00; 
Canadian Writers' Association' 
25 ; Manitoba Sbortbaud Writers" Associa- 
tion, 51; New York State Stenographers' 
Association, til), Metropolian Stenograph- 
raphers' Association of New York, 200; 
Boston Stenographers' Association, 150. 
Tbe Shorthund Society which meets in 
London. England, has I'M members.— Cos- 
mopolitan ShorOtandcr. 

—Apropos of shorthand work io journal- 
ism, English newspapers, almost without 
exception, require (heir reporters to be able 
to do verbatim work. The British idea of 
journalism and the Yankee notion are very 
unlike. The Britisher wants tbe precise 
words of a speaker, be they dull, dry or 
bright. The American newspaper reader 
prefers the juice of a discourse, and if tbe 
subject matter is of itself heavy or stupid, 
relies on the chronicler to trim it and en- 
liven it by interjections of his own wit, so 
that it will present some unique phase. But 
in all the dressing ami re burnishing tbe re- 
port should be a faithful representation of 
the sentiments of the speaker. 


;an learn It. 

stlgnte- *" 


■ Part I. . 

Wanted : 

A Shorthand Amanuensis— Host be Rapid 

Typewriter Opeiator-S4 a Week. 
Recently an advertisement appeared in a 
New York paper to the effect that a certain 
dry goods house on Broadway required the 
services of a youth who understood short- 
hand and typewriting, for which they 
would pay the muniticeiit sum of $4 per 
week. Mr. S. Powell, a well known mem 
ber of Plymouth Church, replied to tbe 
generous otter as follows ; 

Gentlemen : In answer to your adver- 
tisement of this date for a youth familiar 
with shorthand and typewriter to assist 
with correspondence, salary $4 oer week, I 
would say that I know a youth who, 
besides these qualifications, possesses a 
critical knowledge of six modern languages, 
as well as drawing, painting, architecture, 
telegraphy (land and sub-marine), can play 
a snare drum, teach roller skating, is a 
promising light-weight scrapper, in religion 

for $3 per week, for the reason (as he 
asserts) that in case you should fail at any 
time to pay him, he will not lose so much; 
so he will not accept your too liberal offer 

I have suggested to him that in case he 
should accept this latter and larger sum. the 
possession of so large a sum of money 
every week might prove a temptation for 
people to rob him, and perhaps lead him 
into dissipated ways. 

In this he concurs with me. He is per- 
fectly willing to scrub out the store, bustle 
building material around tbe yard, lick 
postage stamps, and run on errands, when 
not engaged in sbortband writing, as he 
believes these to form a part of the stenog- 
rapher's duties. 

Should he come, will you please dis- 
charge your janitor and one teamster, and 
allow him to fill their places in his leisure 
hours ? He would like this. 

Meet me at the entrance of Calvary Cem- 
etery at twelve o'clock to-night, and I will 
' iruduee you to this youth, when """ 

SHORTHAND tboroaghly taught 

CYCLOSTYLES, B £J C ™ achlnc for 
ALIGRA PHS,Th^B» u t'wR L mNo 

Send for circ's. W. G. CHAFFEE, Oswego, N.y! 


W. W. OSaOODDY, Pablliher, RooheitM, H. I. 

Shorthand Writing 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

and Reliable. Send stamp for a 

New York Agenc; 

S'i C^f\ A iieiit box containing com- 

.1 »%J\Jm plete outbt for shorthand 
pupils, ■such as in .it- hooks, pencils, pens, rubber 
inkstand, etc., etc '-■■ 
pressage prepaid, 


enciia, pens, rubber 
[it, postpaid, or ex- 

n receipt of 81.1 

'> bnmdway, New York. 


TKACHKK* l,,um*<l ,-llurtl 

1.1HH..I CIlldmUcH. 1). 1. Sl'l.T-l HllllWNf, 

Ing stamps for pm 

in be procured by sei 
■ Mrs. L. H. Packard, : 

. ^^_.^. 


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l -.V.c' v w-....V A -v=^-^ 

Short Stems. 


OWELL &. HHKi nXM Srlioo] ..f Slim tliiiml , 

■sj isetiool St., 

, la the leading A 

-'.-!!. .L'l-Hptiie bu.-iuesN 

i be obtained. 

—The supply of complete tiles containing 
The Journal series of shorthand lessons 
is quite limited. We could probably sell 

—Tbe Stenograph gu.-s right on turning 
out dots and dashes on its ready tape, and 
meeting all the requirements of a short- 
band automaton for business purposes. 
Tbe unique little instrument is a much 
more familiar sight in commercial houees 
than it used to be. 



A Svsieui Willi CUNNKi'l Mil L MIH'KI UlU KL 
MuNS,"bv Ueurce K. lii-lo-|., of N. 
V Sii'fk ExcliiiiiKe; ait-nit . ! '.mil ■ 1-M l'i.-i 

i '. .in pit; to Text Hunk, iulnptt'tt t.. >.-li-Inslriic- 

cards the indclinltc ivoweli jmrt of tlie common 
l>lioin>{.*rapliy, and sreure.s. by ;i rail lea I innovation, 
KMU'Iness with Mievitv. SH-cilillv adapted to 
Legal and other Technical work A phonographic 

ubeiidof any form ot piiniaV-'i \ .''■„. -"Jr-n-r'. > ' Th-^ 

viisiijic words, Bharply 

— Nearly a dozen shorthand schools tbat 
we know of advertise to turn out sbort- 
handers equipped fur » ni/ kind of work, in 
three or four months. That is pretty good 
time, but the chap who guarantees profi- 
ciency in ten hours gets the bun. 

— If aoy one wants to go to Sioux Falls, 
Dakota, to take charge of a shorthand 
school he will find what looks like a good 
opening by consulting our advertising col- 

— The Remington people have the "boss" 
advertisement in the current Scribners', 
written by one of tbe sharpest press- 
writers in New York, a critic of wide repu- 

lie a nipe ainiiiiil his iiei k ami iliaJ lili 

your place of business.— Brooklyn Standard- 

"For a pen that combines the essential 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing and 
artistic pen work, Ames' Best is superior to 
any I have ever used." A. C. Webb. 

Penman and Artist, NashviUs, Turn, 

.til. ii A Moiiiin Wmlt. Adapted to 

modern Kecjuireineiits. 

? Max- 

i, the Latin in slinitli.m.l, illu-tialr ii> adapt a- 
i r.. variim-i lancu.ik'c^. "f '.'ii |: pp . ■-'■-"- ale t-n- 
Aod.- illu>tratin- ail pi liieiph'^ wilh unpreced- 

EASTON, Washiueton, D. C. offlolal 

ipher in Star Route and liuiteau trlata, 
thework: "Ani satisfied that hythesys- 

— By tbe way. when i 


Muke A Start in Life 
by taking hold of tbe live business of a live house. 
You do not have to put In capital, but arc started 
free. Auy one can do the work. You can live at 
home if you like. Both sexes, all ages. $1 per 
hour and upwards easily earned. No spuciai abili- 
ty or training needed. Let us show you at once, 
and then if you don't take bold, why no harm la 
done. Address Stlnson & Co., Portland, Maine. 

CflD CHIC An c-tabli-lii-d Seh.'.;l ..fHi-'No 
rUn OALC. ^U.l.v and Type-writlnir u ",.- 
.". , ,,.n "- al .1 L'i..«ii.i.' citV of Sii.UX Falls 

—Now is the melancholy season of the 
year when the shorthand papers begin to 
trot out their spring chestnuts about Denis 
Murphy, and how he reported the proceed- 
ings of the United States Senate when all 
the grave and reverend seignors were talk- 
iug in a breath. 

—There is said to be a shorthand writer in 
Washington who can report a speech with 
such rapidity that Hie speaker finds it ut- 
terly impossible to keep up with him. 

— Gatkelt's Magazine has abandoned Gra- 
ham's phonography, and now pins its taith 
to tbe Eclectric system, with J. George 


■-s'thc "cause forVelilng out For pur 

B , Ircss, ITIncli 

Lphy and Type-writin; 

ITuitrated tho feasibility of 

tliiiie.s for Hit able i'ii.achiiii' 'i-''l ' T" aii t^iittrpri.-iiig p 

is a rare opening. *M< will puri.-li.i-f tl 

intra and eood-will of tbe business. Going 
..ib. i ini-inr-s the cause for Belling out Foi ,.-. 
■■riiieipal S. F S.'lmnl ..f I'holu. 

i High Court of Ju-tk''\ On tali.-, says: " The ex- 
tent to which Fiin-t I*b -i.ipliv admits of the 

application of the exix-di.-m oi pluast-wrlting, 
with fiiiv iiml natural joining's, Is something re- 


WANTED hy nndl I will take j.'» thr-ugh 
"-i.fiii.ai7l.- free w..rlliv student guar- 
anteed a position Largest Shorthand School 

It,.- colllltM l.ow.-t tnitioi -st aceoi 

,i,,„. It will cost von nothing togive the 

a trial. Over 100 grail nates in r 

erativi- positions this year, at t 
$100 [>.-r month. Send your n 


l> a-aiij Mijh.-re,.. 

n Normal College, 


I )., L-in the. 


Pri.---, bound in th.Mlile leatln 
' 0D ' Address, GEO. K. BISHOP,. 

NY. City. 


The Editor's Leisure Hour. 


every person 

the acknowl 
edged authority od lettering, designing und 
engraving. There are seventy-two full page 
plate engravings between its covers, com- 
prising f&Hy standard and ornate alpha- 
bets, over twenty elegant commercial de- 
signs, 11x14 inches, besides engrossed reso- 
lutions, certificates, memorials, etc. It is 
beautifully bound and is sold at $5 a vol- 

Every other branch of the penmanship is 
nicely and comprehensively exemplified in 
the Spencerian Compendium, the various 
parts of which are now bound complete. 
This is beyond question the crowning work 
of penmanship publications. There is no 
branch of the art lhat does not come within 
its scope. Thousands of dollars were in- 
vested in iis manufacture. It is sold at 
$7.50 bound complete, on receipt of which 
it will be forwarded, carriage paid, from 
this office. 

By special arrangements with the publish- 
ers of the Spencerian Compendium we are 
enabled to offer it and the Ames Compen- 
dium for $10. The two works form a com- 
plete penman's library. No designer, 
engraver, card-writer, or other pen artist 
can afford to be without them. No one can 
be without them and expect to keep up 
with the times in artistic pen work. Send 
to The Journal. 

Whose writ ing was something infolonel. 
Fished up his last dollar. 
Which left hU purse hollar. 

And sent for the Penman's Art Jolckel. 

He followed its lessons patolonel 

And practiced at intervals diolonel, 
Till he could observe, 
In each straight line and curve, 

Improvement that caused joy etolonel. 

Hlu spirits began to grow volonel, 

As he thought he could plainly discolonel 
The beauties of writing 
As contrasted with lighting, 

So he left his camp subaltolonel, 

Wt-nt into quarters hibolone). 

And said he'd a mission— to lolonel 
The heads of young men 
In love with the pen, 

And they vowed his skill was supolonel. 

i for Kimberley 

e past been a notable feature 
of Stock Exchange busiuess, and the mar- 
ket has now obtained colossal proportions 
owing to enormous dealings on the part of 
a public induced to purchase at constantly 
advancing prices by the representations of 
clever manipulations aud interested parties. 
It is, of course, impossible to .say how loug 
this craze will last, but it is surely time to 
warn the public that they arc treading on 
dangerous ground. Since we must all bow 
to the inexorable law of supply aud demand 
it may be as well to point out that whereas 
the total production of the four Kimberley 
mines from September, 1882, to Decem- 
ber 31, 1885, amounted to 7,660,634 carats, 
valued at £8,269,767, the output for the 
single year 1886 was 3, 047,400 carats, valued 
at £3,261.346, an enormous increase in pro- 
duction, which is still growing apace, as 
may be seen by the average monthly return 
of the De Beers mine for 1880, which was 
08,324 carats ; while thelast monthly return 
shows, it is said, au output of 87,000 carats. 
Since diamonds, far from beiuga necessity, 
aro an {destructible article of luxury, we 
may reasonably conclude that this increased 
production will eventually tell adversely on 
prices. The interested gentlemen who are 
manipulating the great diamond '*deal" 
Ulk loudly of a forthcoming unification of 
the Kimberley mines, and of restricted out- 

put, etc.; conveniently forgetting that there 
are many other good mines outside the in- 
fluence of the "ring." especially in the 
Orange Free State, some of which are of 
great value, and produce, we believe, even 
finer diamonds than Kimberley. The rise 
in Kimberly diamond mining shares has 
been far too rapid for safety, and is far 
from possessing lhat element of stability 
which alone should give confidence to in- 


in the comfortable war 
tomed to in America, 
white porcelain stoves, 
high, dispense almost a; 
Solemnly erected in the 

t'» Sepulchral Stoves. 
bouses are entirely wanting 

Their sepulchral, 
twelve feet or so 
little heatascheer. 
ornersofthe rooms 

they present an aspect that (when one is in 
a homesick mood) is remarkably dispirit- 
ing, and often they produce Ihe same effect 
on one's spirits as would the near neighbor- 
hood of the monuments and gravestones 
they so strongly resembled. But the bed 
furnishing is as oppressively warm as the 
heat of the white, ghostly stoves is insuffi- 
cient. The great eider down quills that 
always form the outside coverings, are as 
thick and heavy as feather beds. Beside the 
sweltering heat that these produce, there 
cannot but be the suggestion that very like- 
ly they may already have done duty for sev- 
eral generations. But those who have 
always lived in a country of vulgar pro- 
gress probably do not appreciate the condi- 
tions of living in a laud where aristocratic 
conservatism prevails. It is not at all like- 
ly that houses in Germany will be warmed 
by steam pipes or furnaces, or anything 
but their colossal white stoves, for several 
hundred years yet. 

It must not be supposed that the flora of 
the Holy Laud is meagre. On the contrary, 
it is strikingly rich and diversified. There 
are twice as many species of plants native 

only on account of their economic utility, 
or because of their suitability for moral aud 
spiritual illustrations, that they are men- 
tioned by the inspired writers. The geo- 
graphical conditions of Palestine are so va- 
ried, and its climate is so favorable to veg- 
etable growth, that no botanist will feel as- 
tonished at the richness of its flora. Of 
Oriental types there are the splendid acacias 
and their brightly colored parasite, the lo- 
ranthus ; the denizens of the mountain in- 
clude the oak, the maple, the magnificent 
cedar, and the pretty oxyria ; among the 
trees are the carob, the terebinth, the olive 
and pistachio, the bay, the myrtle and the 
oleader; crowds of orchids and anemones, 
lilies and pinks, cyclamens and echiums, 
and many other showy flowers occur in 
such profusion as to lead Canon Tristram to 
compare the scene with the Garden of Eden, 
while everywhere are seen most of the 
blossoms that ornament the English way- 
side and hedgerow— the buttercup and 
daisy, the campion and corn poppy, the 
dog-rose and bryony, the willow-herb and 
germander speedwell, the herbrobert and 
stichwort, the wild mint and selfheal, the 
groundsel and dandelion, and others famil- 

Manuul Training, 
One great reason why the civilization in 
modern times is so much superior to the 
civilizations of other times is because it is 
industrial. The Anglo-Saxon is a working 
animal. He takes to agriculture and the 
mechanical arts as naturally as the old Phoe- 
nicians took to a trade. His wants increase 
as his manufactures increase, aud what he 
needs are not articles of luxury, but conven- 
ience and necessity. He prospers and in 
creases through the manual arts. The old 
Roman civilization was Dot of a creative 
kind. Military power is always destructive. 
The vast wealth accumulated at Rome was 
not created, but collected and appropriated. 
The Turks are like the old Romans. They 
are a fighting people, not industrial and cre- 
ative. Here is the secret of l he weakness 
of the Turkish power, and the proof thai 
it is destined to he short lived. The element 
of our strength is our industrial work. The 
ten thousand things we now make only in- 

crease the number of thiugs we sh»U want 
during the coming years. Wealth gotten by 
labor is well gotten. The greatest benefit 
that can happen to a country is to increase 
the number of its household and personal 
wants. Every boy and every girl in all our 
land should be educated to make things, to 
labor with his hands. Manual training, in- 
dustrial work, is the salvation of our coun- 

Style In Literary Composition. 

If a writer does not bring a new thought, 
he must at least bring a new quality — he 
must give a fresh new flavor to the old 
thoughts. Style or quality will keep a 
man's work alive, whose thought is essen- 
tially commonplace, as in the case with Ad- 
dison; and Arnold justly observesof the poet 
Gray that his gift of style doubles his force, 
and " raises him to a rank beyond what his 
natural richness and power seem to war- 
rant." There is the great repository of 
language upon which all men draw, the 
common inheritance of all scholars and cul- 
tivated men. To use this well is not 
enough ; one must make it his own. Un- 
less one can succeed in imparting to it his 
own quality, the stamp of his own person- 
ality, he will not be counted among the 
masters of style. There is the correct con- 
ventional, respectable aud scholarly use of 
language of the mass of writers, and there 
is the fresh, stimulating, quickening use of 
it of the man of genius. How apt and 
racy and telling is often the language of un- 
lettered persons ; the born writer carries 
this same gift into a higher sphere. 

The great mass of the writing and ser- 
monizing of any age is mechanical ; it is 
the result of machinery of culture and of 
books and the schools, put into successful 
operation. But now and then a man ap- 
pears whose writing is vital ; his page may 
be homely, but it is alive; it is full of per- 
sonal magnetism. The writer does not 
merely give us what he thinks or knows; 
he gives ua himself. There is nothing 

,.i',"V , 



mankind do not willingly lot die. Some 
minds are like an open fire; how direct and 
instant our communication with them; how 
theyinteiest us; there are no curtains or 
disguises; we see and feel the vital play of 
their thought; we are face to face with 
their spirits. Indeed, all good literature, 
whether poetry or prose, is the open tire; 
there is directness, reality, charm; we get 
something at first-hand that warms and 
stimulates. There is the real fire in Dr. 
Johnson's conversation as given by Boswell, 
but rarely in his essays. In conversation 
the real man spoke; in the essays, the for- 
mal writer, like a judge in his wig and 
gown. The huge mechanical or architec- 
tual style is often valuable for its results, as 
in Gibbon. Ruskin derides Gibbon's style; 
but what would be the value of " The De- 
cline and Fall "written in the wayward, 
personal and capricious style of Ruskin ? — 
three parts Ruskin to one of Rome. Gib- 
bun's work is like the solid piece of 
masonry, every block cut four-square and 
to fit its place, and no crevice or imperfect 
joint anywhere. 

After Ten Centuries. 

A perpetual lease is limited to a term of 
nine hundred and niuely-nine years by 
English law, which by a legal fiction is 
taken to mean that long before the expir- 
ation of that period, the purpose for which 
the property was leased, will have been 
accomplished and forgotten, aud that all 
parties engaged in the transaction will have 
passed from the memory of posterity, 
making the lease a virtual sale. One case 
has recently came under our notice, how- 
ever, in which the lease has held in force 
throughout the entire tei-m of years, a mil- 
lennium less one, and now the land reverts 
to its original owner. In 888 A. D. a least- 
was given by the Church of England, such 
as it then was. on cerlaiu lands which, ac- 
cording to the terms of the document, were 
to be held by the crown for a thousand 
years less one. In this year, therefore, the 
lease expires, and the laud reverts to the 
English Church. This case of the expir- 
ation of a lease made so long ago brings for- 
cibly to our minds the thought lhat the far 
past is not so very ancient after all. We 

regard the days of ihe good King Alfred, 
in whose reign these lands were leased, as a 
period well nigh fabulous; yet lure is a 
legal document executed then which in this 
year of grace comes up, and by the pro- 
visions of that stable code called English 
law, is formally vacated after so long a time. 
What better commentary could oiuwish on 
the law-abiding, substantial qualities of our 
Anglo-Saxon race ¥ 

For one hundred years the point which 
represents the centre of the republic has 
been steadily moving due eastward along 
the thirty-ninth parallel of north latitude. 
Its average rale of progress has been about 
five miles per hour. In 1800 its location 
was eighteen miles west of Baltimore; in 
1810 it had crossed the Potomac , in 1820 
it was well on the western side of the 
Shenandoah Valley ; in 1830 it had reached 
the highest ridge of the Appalachians ; in 
1850 it had passed the mountain-barriers 
and was following the course of the Little 
Kanawha through Virginia ; within ihe 
next ten years it had, by a rapid march of 
mqre than eighty miles, reached a point 
over halfway across the State of Ohio ; in 
1870 it was within fifty miles of Cincinnati ; 
in 1880 it bad entered the valley of the 
Miami ; in 1890 it will probably be found 
well within the boundaries of Indiana. 

That sooner or later the central point 
which represents the westward " course of 
empire" in ihe United States will cease to 
advance, or otherwise will reach a turning 
place, is absolutely certain. Should its 
progress continue for another century as 
during the past hundred years, it would at 
the end of that time be more than half-way 
across the State of Missouri. But this is 
not likely to be the case. Each succeeding 
census for several coming decades will 
doubtless show a slacking up in the rate of 
advancement westward, aud finally the 
direct forward movement must cease. 
Bearing in mind the narrow vision and the 
mistaken forecasts of our early legislators, 

to future possibilities. Yet there is good 
reason to believe that nol for many years 
will the nucleus of the country's population 
pass b?yond or even reach the Mississippi 
River.— Froni ' "The Ceutre of the Republic, *' 
by James Baldwin, in tyribner'n Maga- 
zine for April. 

The Bank of England doors are now so 
finely balanced that a clerk, by pressing 
a knob under his desk, can close the outer 
doors instantly, aud they caunot be opened 
again except by special process. This is 
done to prevent the daring and ingenious 
unemployed of the metropolis from robbing 
the bauk. Thcbulliondeparinientof thisand 
other banks are nightly submerged several 
feel in water by the action of the machinery. 
In some banks the bullion department is 
counected with the manager's sleeping room 
and an entrance canuot be affected without 
shooting a bolt in the dormitory, which in 
turn sets in motion an alarm. If a visitor 
during the day should bappeu to knock off 
one from a pile of half soverigns the whole 
pile would disappear, a pool of water tak- 
ing its place. 

Pliny relates that a tomb at Cyprus bore 
a lion carved with eyes of emeralds so bright 
they frightened away the fish in the sea, 
Nero wore an eyeglass of emerald which 
was supposed good for the sight, and it is 
said that lapidaries who cut emeralds have 
good eyesight because the hue of the stone 
refreshes the eyes. The Orientals believe 
that wearing an emerald imparls courage 
and averts disaster. It was grouud down 
and taken as a medicine in doses of six 
grains as a cure for various disorders. Ai 
the conquest of Peru the Spaniards cap- 
tured hundred weights of emeralds, andom' 
dedicated to the goddess Emeralda was the 
size of an ostrich egg. Cortez gave bisbrMr 
a large emerald carved like a rose, which 
roused the queen's envy and lost him ihe 
court favor. — Susan Porter, in March U ■'■ 

the Public Schools of Hiirigport, Coon. 
Ames' Best Pen — I like it aud use it. 

Wakben H. Laubon. 

' -X- /- 

(£,iutm* xif % ttttt^ xntt\c j£mitiiunt f| ntiti i\c$ 



'jD m- rtur uf § iatmi JIii._ 

fjfiirautgj* itpi'rmtiTttri'ttt uf>rhitnls. 

'l/f/tcJ / -^UCM^ 

i^Ki&lWP^I 35> 



t -] Q* 


Penman's Art Journal 



..:.) AS I 

po( subscription. 

"I'l 'tli.n 


The Journal'* General Agent for Canada Is A. J. 
Small, whose headquarters are 13 Grand Opera 
House, Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary " Circle de 
la Salle," Quebec, {.P. 0. Box 1U), is special agent for 
that city and vicinity. The International News Co., 
11 BouvcrU Street {Fleet Street), London, are Us 
foreign agents. 

"Mr. D. T. ATM*, 

" Editor and Proprietor, 

" Penman's Art Journal, City. 

"Dear Sir:— We have concluded to con- 
tinue our advertisement with you for the 
year 1888, occupying the same space as lust 
year, namely one-half outside page. 

" We are glad to say that in our opinion 
we have obtained more answer s from our 
advertisement in your journal than from 
any other two papers in which our adver- 


" The Journal must commend itself to 
all its patrons if their success has been as 

"Trusting that the new year will bring 
you great success, we are 

"Tours truly. 

" A. S. Barnes & Co." 
New York. Feb. 14, 1888. 

Penman's Art 

Racing with the Pen 50 

11'. T. Lyon. 

Invitation Cards 50 

A Voice from Yale 50 

Woman'B Mental Status 60 

Nature's Diamonds. Verses 60 

Close Drill in Penmanship 51 

G. W. Ma: 

Book Reading 51 

WriteNot At Ail 51 

The Education of Girls 51 


Muuson'B Phonography ; Half SUlbi ; 
Wanted : An Amenucrisls 

The Editor's Leisure Hoob H 

A Tale of Pen and Sword— Verses ; The 
Diamond Craze in England ; Germany's 
Sepuctiral Stoves; Bible Plants; Manual 
Training ; Style in Literary Composition; 
After Ten Centuries; The Center of 
Population ; Guarding Great Wealth ; 

Begin with the Public Schools ; Form and 
Movement, etc. 

Educational Notes; Just for Fun 57 

Writing In Law 57 

Instruction in Pen-Work— No. 7 68 

H. W. Kioto. 

journaletteb.. .... 57 

Tue Editor's Calendar .. 53 

Magazines; Bits Literary. 

Gensral Adveri 
General Miscel 


Portrait of D T Ames 

Writing Exercises and Position Cuts 

Model Letter 

Phonographic Script 

Full Page Diplomas 

The Journal's AuTOQBAPfl Albc-m 

Speclmeus l.y M ■ - Anna Nintlu and W. J, 
Illustrations for Lesson in Flourishing— H. W. 

Full Page Diplomas 

Initial Letters. 


Will be Worth .. Tear's Subscription 

Tfl An * Munson Phonographer. 

II Any Shorthand Teacher. 
■ W Any Young Person, who 
contemplates the Study of Short- 

Send 10 Cents for Extra Copy. 

Begin With tho Public Schools. 

" I consider The Jouhnal the beat paper 

of its class in the country anil that is sayiug 

considerable ; there are o(he>r fine papers of 
the same class. You could add to its Im- 
portance if you could induce more school 



to take it and fallow i 

" To set writing on a better basis the 
start must be made in the public schools and 
on a correct theory. Too much effort is 
expended on the surface — too near the top. 
Dig down lower and show bow to aid the 
rising generation. 

" Tours heart ly and sincerely, 

"Lyman D. Smith, 

" Superintendent of "Writing in the Public 
Schools of Hartford, Conn., and Author 
of Appleton's New Copy Books." 

What Mr. Smith requests is precisely 
what TnE Journal has been aiming at 
during the eleven years of its existence, It 
has been measurably successful — not so 
successful as it would like to be and ought 
to be— but there are thousands of name* of 
progressive teachers outside the purely 
commercial schools on its subscription 
books to-day. 

This issue of The Journal, for instance, 
will go to fully ten thousand public and 
private school teachers in every State and 
Territory and Canada (can any of our 
" purely educational " contemporaries beat 
it ?) and to not less than two thousand 
school superintendents. This is entirely 
apart from the wide circulation among the 
patrons of every reputable commercial 
school and to every professional peumau or 
teacher of penmanship of note in this 
country, aud its phonographic, legal and 
miscellaneous subscribers and exchanges. 
That is rather a good showing, but it isn't 
good enough. 

The fact remains, as Mr. Smith says, that 
the hope of the country, so far as improved 
writers are concerned, lies with the common 
schools. As pointed out by TnE Journal 
lastmonth, a liberal estimate of the number 
of pupils under the instruction of writing 
teachers entitled to be designated as "pro- 
fessionals " is between thirty and forty 
thousand, while half as many millions are 
ig alleged instruction iu penmanship 

the hands of teachers, who, (whatever 

ir capabilities in other departments) ate 

. professional writing teachers, and make 
pretentions to being such. These 

teachers fall back on the use of copybooks, 
and if they are discriminating enough to 
select the right kind of books, their own 
lack of writing skill may not be transmitted 
to the pupil. 

Under existing educational conditions 
copybooks are quite as indispensable to the 
average school as are blackboards, gram- 
mars, or any text book. But copybooks 
cannot do it, all. There must be some 
breathing, thinking fnive behind them — that 
is, to secure the best results. The pupil 
may be bright enough to work out the prob- 
lem iu his own way, and become proficient. 
But he is just as likely to follow his own 
uneducated impulses, aud throw away the 
meat — the plain, practical part — for the 
chaff of curlicue and tracery — the worst 
possible habit he could acquire, unless it be 
the other danger of learning, to draw letters 
rather thau to write them. 

If the unskilled writing teacher — who is 
expected to turn out good business writers — 
were to devote the brief period of one hour 
a month to the study of the methods of those 
who have made the teaching of writing a 
specially for years, what a marked improve- 
ment we might expect in the general re- 
sults I A teacher, for instance, who had 
even casually read The Journal for the 
past few years could have made himself fa- 
miliar with the class lucihodsof nearly all the 
leading professional writing teachers of this 
country, for they have described the process 
minutely in these columns. They have told 
how they organize classes, how they han- 
dle beginners, and described the various 
progressive stages— the drills and move- 
ments, what to do, what to do it with, and 
what not to do. So simple is the story, so 
systematic the plan and so well outlined, 
that an intelligent teacher with little man- 
ual dexterity so far as penmanship is con- 
cerned would have no serious difficulty in 
applying the instruction to his own classes, 
with most gratifying results. 

Perhaps the strongest presentation of the 
point would be a reference to the writing 
lesson on the first page of this issue. It is 

of the editor himself, which will cover the 
whole ground of practical writing. The 
lessons will read like the author would talk 
to a writing class under his charge. Noth- 
ing will be omitted in the print that would 
be deemed essential in personal instruction. 
And the illustrations will photograph every 
degree of progress, every point to be mas- 
tered, every exercise to be practised. If the 
"non-professional" writing teacher, who, 
nevertheless, must teach writing, were to 
follow a series of lessons of this sort, is it 
not reasonable to think that the result would 
be apparent iu the quality of his instruction 
—in the quality of his pupil's work. 

'To set writing on a belter basis," says 
Mr. Smiih, " the start must be made iu the 
public schools and on a correct theory." 

The sentiment meets with The Journal's 
unqualified approval, but it is incomplete 



The public school teachers must do tht 
starting themselves. 

Ames* New Copy Slips. 

This is the title of our latest work for the 
student and the teacher of penmanship. 
The work consists of thirty-three movable 
slips and a sheet of instructions. The great- 
est care has been exercised in grading slips, 
beginning witb the simplest movement ex- 
ercises and taking the student by easy and 
natural stages to the finished forms of prac- 
tical writing. The copy slips embody 
many of the best features of the guide and 
our other publications, arranged in more 
convenient form for practice, as well as for 
teaching, with most explicit directions for 
study and practice. Much of the work is 
printed for the first lime, and all of it is 
new as to grouping, method, etc. 

The copy slips contain everything that 
is necessary to make a good practical pen- 
man of any person of ordinary intelligence. 

Twenty slips are devoted to Standard 
Business Writing, with forms of Business 
Letters, Notes, Bills, etc., Social Notes of 
Invitation, Ladies" Iland, etc. There are, 
besides, examples of Shaded, Professional 
and Engrossing Hands, and Alphabets of 
Old English and German Texts, Engrossing, 
Roman, Italic and Gothic, also marking Al- 
phabet, with examples of same. 

These copies are photo-engraved direct 
from pen and ink originals, so that they re- 
present the skill of the writer, and in 00 
sense that of the engraver, and are practi- 
cally pen-written copies, They are printed 
on paper of excellent quality. The package 
complete in ornamental envelope is mailed 
for 50 cents making it the cheapest as well 
as most comprehensive work of the kind iu 
print. The copy slips will be sent as prem- 
ium for a single new subscriber. 

Benjamin Franklin Brady died in this 
city on March 31, aged fifty-four years. Mr. 
Brady for many years was the ornamental 
engrosser of the Common Council of this 
city. He possessed an unusual talent (or 
artistic pen work, aud for many years stood 
without an equal in the metropolis. Many 
prizes were awarded to his penmanship by 
the leading art exhibitions of New York. 
He was a member of several societies, and 
had a large circle of warm friends. The 
style of Mr. Brudy's work was original and 
unique ; strong in its effects and artistic iu 
its cast. Probably no one bus contributed 
more to the advancement of the engrossers 
art during the past twenty-five years thau 

We are gratified to be able 
that Mr. George E. Little, the 
sketch artist, who some lime ago contributed 
so much to the pleasure of The Journal 
readers by his felicitous creations, will again 
be represented in these columns. He prom- 
ises us some sketches in outline drawing 
for the next number. 

After all, the main thing in teaching 
writing is to make writers, workmen, if you 
please, — who can go into an office and write 
letters that the customers of the establish- 
ment can read without trouble, — neat, clear 
and cleau letters, without terminal super- 
fluities or double ringed capitals. What is 
generally known as " artistic " penmanship 
is all right in its way and has a niche of its 
own. But business penmanship is the most 
artistic iu the busiiies,-. man's e\es when it is 

There is more dow n right nonsense print- 
ed on the subject of "movement" and "form" 
than of anything else connected with the 
teaching oi writing. The idea of one over- 
shadowing the other is absurd m itself. If the 
writer's bund were trained to the speed of 
the whirlwind, it would do him no good if 
his letters were so deformed as to he illegi- 
ble ; if be could by laborious effort out- 
draw the best engraved copy and was a 
stranger to ease of motion, he would have 
difficulty in gettiug a place even to mark 
tally on a board with a piece of chalk. 
What he wants is the happy combination. 
AVhathemust learn, to meetlhe require- 
ments of business, is to make good char- 
acters and to make them as quickly as pus- 
sible and with the least possible exertion. 

Teach "movement," and form will take 
care of itself j teach "speed," if everything 
else has to be thrown overboard, and you 
have to invent a new kind of writing your 
self! What stuff !— scuddingaroundou paper 
like a ship before a hurricane without 
a rudder or compass — anything, just so as 
we go fast enough— just so we get some- 
where — and we generally du get to " scrib- 

To write well with speed and ease is a 
most desirable accomplishment. Aud the 
more speed a teacher can drill into his pupil 
without impairing the legibility of his writ- 
ing, the belter equipped will he be for prac- 
tical work. Thk Journal yields to no one 
in its estimation of the paramount import- 
ance of ease and speed in writing. But it 
does, in the mime of practical, business pen- 
manship, protest against ihe ridiculous 
notion that form — legibility can be thrown 
overboard for * ' movement "or " speed " or 
anything else. 

The guide is a book of sixty-four large 
pages, elegantly printed od the finest quality 

of line plate-paper, ami is devoh ■■! •.rrhi^n ■ 
ly to instruction and copies for Plain Writ- 
ing, Off-Hand Flourishing and Lettering. 
Thirty-two pages are devoted to insinu linn 
and copies for plain writing. Fourteen 
pages to the principles and examples for 
flourishing. Sixteen pages to alphabets, 
package-marking, and monograms. Price, 
by mail, in paper covers, 5U cents ; hand- 
somely bound in stiff covers, 75 1 erils. Live 
agents wanted in every town in America, to 
whom liberal discounts will be given. 
The Guide in paper will be given as 
for e 

Educational Notes, 

New -Jersey has :'.\nuu . -li ildn-n, hi tweeti 
7 and 12 years of age, who do not attend 

l the universities 
and out of 5^9 
Pritat-dof' nt> a 84 are Jewa, 

The university of Pennsylvania intends 
to send au exploring expidition to ancient 
Babylon under ihe direction of Dr. John P. 

Five native girls from Alaska have been 
taken to Massachusetts to be educated. It 
is the intention to return tbem to Alaska as 
teachers, if they do not many certain sus- 
ceptible masculine Bostonians. 

Michigan university has received from 
the Legislature of the State $155,000 in tho 
past two years. Of the 1506 students. Presi- 
dent Angell finds that the parents of 502 
were fanners, 171 merchants, 93 lawyers, 88 
physicians, 52 manufacturers, 54 meachan- 
ics, aDd 51 clergymen. 

A German has taken out a patent for 
using bone slate pencils for writing. They 
do not wear quick, and do not require to he 
sharpened. It is also to be supposed that 
young ladies will not acquire any morbid 
u-ppwtiUi lor them, as is commonly supposed 
some of them do for slate pencils. 

The Industrial Education Association of 
thisciiv. Jims ;«f) students, 17 instructors, 
and 44 courses. There are special classes in 
domestic economy, sewing, industrial art, 
mechanical drawiDg, and wood-working. 
Two public lectures are given each week. 

-Boston Bulletin. 

Schoolchildren should remember that if 
they are "on study bent" too much they 
will become stoop-shouldered.— Pittsburgh 

There is a young lady in a girls' school in 
Georgia who^oesbv the nickname of "Post- 
script." Her real name is Adeline Moure.— 
Burlington Free Press. 

Teacher: Correct the sentence " The li- 
quor which the man bought was drank."— 
Smart boy ; " The man who bought the li- 
quor was drunk." 

"Are you going to have your son stay on 
the farm, or will he follow one of the pro- 

foSWWp, ft Wnlti .""■ n Dues' 'liiufa ' Wfl ib - iM 

School teacher, illustrating the difference 
between plants and animals; — Phintsarenot 
susceptible of attachment to man as animals 

Small boy (at foot of class)— How about 
burrs, teacher? — Burlington Free Press. 

Teacher (of geography class) — Tommy, in 
going from New York to San Francisco, 
through what Stales and Territories would 
you pass? 

Tommy (who isn't very well prepared) — 
Not any; I'd go by steamer. — Epoch. 

"What are you stud'in' in school now 
Johnny?'' inquired Mrs. McGudley of her 

" We just got a lesson in Physics to-day." 

"Dear! Dear! Aint that nice. 'Specially 
for you, Johnny, cause I alius thoughtyour 

Just for Fun. 

Whiskey lowers a man, and raises the 

Forgiving beings: Laundry women ; the 
more cuffs you give them, the more they'll 
do for you. 

One swallow does not make a Summer, 
but one bullfrog makes a spring. — Lynn 

Good Spring medicine— bent pins.— Dam 
title Breeze. 

The millenium is coming, but it's in no 
great rush. Perhaps a messenger boy is 
bringing it. — Xebroxka State ./■■anm/.. 

Anthony Comstock— Is this heaven? St. 
Peter— Yea. Comstock— Well, I have a 
warrant against your master for allowing 

people to he bo n naked ,—1 >t- 

a scientific article wits, "Will the com. 
ing man use both arms?" That depends on 
whether the coming man's "mash" is aslim 
kind of girl, or one of the stout variety.— .St*. 
lj>u\t Magasint, 

John L. Sullivan may not know much 
about preaching, but he la certainly an ex- 

Carelessness with matches caused 626 
fires in New York last year and about 1.076 
divorces. — Burlington Free Press. 

Beggar — Please give me a dime ; I am 
• I'M ving 

Citizen — What makes you keep two dogs 
while you are so poor? 

, Beggar — So as to have a pair of pants. — 
Areola Record, 

Writing in Law. 

The law recognizes all forms of writing 
and all language. When the law directs 
certain kinds of contracts to be put in writ- 
ing, those contracts may be written out 
with 'ype (i. e. printed), or with a type-writ- 
ing machine, or by hand, or in any com- 
bination of them, and may be written in 
short-band or longhand, in any ancient or 
modern language, or in any artificial lan- 
guage. The writing material may be ink, 
pencil, chalk, or anything which will make 
a mark, which it shall be possible to pre- 
serve, and the substance written on may he 
parchment, paper, wood or anything which 
will take or hold the marks. If the contract 
is au important one, the law would be sus- 
picious of a contract written on slate with 
pencil , hiil if it was proved to be actually 
intended to be kept and used as the contract 
it would be held binding, if the writing 
could lie preserved, as with care it could be. 
Signatures may be in any form or language 
which the parties may adopt, but should be 
made in handwriting of parly in all import- 
ant contracts. A person may sign his name 
with a X, and have some other person 
write his name on the other side, thus : 

John X Smith ; « 

asperatiDg to everybody, but the law is for 
the unfortunate, the inartistic and the lazy, 
as well as those who are able to and can 
learn to write, and it therefore deals merci- 
fully with their writing.— James H. McDon- 
ald in the Bvainm World. 


it, may direct another to write 
to a contract and then he 

Packard's Commencement. 
The Metropolitan Opera House was 
crowded on the eveoing of March 15 by 
the friends of Packard's Business College, 
who came to witness the thirtieth annivers- 
ary exercises of that well known institution 
Diplomas were presented to forty-six gradu- 
ates of the commercial departmenl and 
eighty of the stenographic, sixty of the 
latter being young ladies. Mr. Packard 
read an interesting paper on education, 
which was followed by short speeches by 
Mayor Hewitt. ex-Judge Noah Davis and 
Rev. Dr. Charles F. Deems. Mtuio was 
furnished by Cappa's Seventh Regiment 

in Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography. 
L'nited Slates History, Theory and Prac- 
tice and Physiology and Hygiene and the 
most practical and comprehensive aid to 
teachers of which we have any knowledge. 
Bound in cloth and sent from the Journal 
office on receipt of the price, fifty cents per 

New Premium List in Brief. 

The old premiums offered in connection 
with subscriptions for The Jocbnal are 
no longer in force. Hereafter premiums 
will only be sent to those wboget new sub- 
scriptions. The person who sends the list 
must himself be a subscriber, and the names 
he sends must be new, as we allow no pre- 
miums for renewals. A full list of the new 
premiums, with minute explanations, is 
printed in the February number of Tue 
Journal, which every club worker should 
carefully preserve. Here are some of the 
articles offered; 

lowing : 

Amu- 1 Guide (paper), Ames* Copy Slips, or one of 
of these superb pen designs: Flourished Eagle, 
Flourished Stag, Centennial Picture of Progress, 
Grant Memorial, Garfield Memorial, Family Record, 
Marriage Certificate, Lord's Prayer. 

Ames' Guide, in cloth, for two new names. 

Ames' JV«W Compendium of lYacticat and Artlttie 
Penmanship, by express, for ton new names. 

Alia Edition standard ami |><>| ntur works (See 
February number t.-r list M' i.Mi titles.) for two new 

Dickens' Complete works, fourteen volumes 

beautifully I ikI, In *.'.\ pros, Inr hfteen new 

names and fifty cents ad (lit inn a). 

History of the United States, cloth and gold, for 
for two new names. The tame In paper : for .me. 



(^fa&r*f eft/^U-td^'/'' 6W SQUt 

vill be bound bj r it. 


write their 

allow any one but them 
signatures to documents; and then, when 
they do their own signing, Ihey know what 
documents are made in their name. Law- 
yers and courts like fine writing ; but the 
law out of tender consideration for the law- 
yers perhaps, does not insist upon the writ- 
ing being even fair, it only exacts that it be 
good enough that some body can be found 
who can decipher it 

A story is told of a Detroit lawyer, now 
out of practice, who drew a deed of a piece 
of land and wrote the description so that 
neither the surveyor who was hired by the 
buyer to mark it out, nor the Register of 
D eds. could read it, and when it was taken 
back to the lawyer he could not himself 
read it. and had to examine his books to 
find out what piece of land he had conveyed 
to this man Such writing, or rather no 
writing, is too poor even for the law to 
found its decisionupou. Bad writing inex- 

volume or $2.50 for the set of six. A fuller 
description may be found in our advertising 

Some of the heavenly bodies are inclined 
to be fast, Meteorites sometimes attain a 
velocity of 180.000 tVet per second. When 
passing through the air at this rate the fric- 
tion is so great that the air is heated up to 
a temperature of 10.800 degrees fahren- 

The attention of teachers is directed 10 

in Hi.'- St:i 
diploma c, 

the i-lav to a delighted a 
II, ill, N. Y .on lb.- Mb in: 
M.ibhs, bv Mrs K. II. y, \ 

finish Teachers 
sill find a special 
ich they may find 

s e 

■ additi.ijial, 

Stump Speeches. 

For two new 

Tt: Family Vydo^dia o; (s-Jul Knvwhdy. 

For one new name, book «>1 Bt citations and 
Headings, comprising nearly loo standard selec- 
tor one new name, Complete Book of Home 

mpi,-t-\ li)' e 

mes, elegant $8 Pailtard 

:, Horseman's Photographic 

ForWen'ty new names, House Patent Scroll Saw, 

House Pattnt Lathe, by 



No. 1. Op 



'hi -i 

pookei size, I 

oe, without s 

y reg 

1* Vol 




lit :i\ \ -..I.I 
N". .1 Ft, 

i heavy gold 

twenty-live new i,;irn«- > 

class time pieces ol Biainlurd manufacture, meant 
for service, not as toys. 

Belgian Brerch- Loading In»dilc lion tiled Shot 

i.i li; caliber, lor twenty new names, including 
loadiup s 

■' '/' 

\ U.miiuHOi, .-. 

Breech- Loader, 
oiled stock, c 

Ftobert B$e, 

irdenc.i, pistol grip, clieckcicl, ^ caliber, for 

These goods are by far the best on the i 
.,- 1 1,«. nSiig, They are made by one of the ' 
(aeturing tirnis In the world, a 

It of much m-'i-e expensive u'im». 
and fall descriptions see the February t 

I the large- 

.I., the work of much m- .re expensive g 
■ " 11 descriptions see the F ' 
Journal. All guns by e 
Only one of each; first to make up the Club 
and $10 cash additional, 

Columbia Bicycle, renowned 
new names, and $5 additional, Remit). 


Writing Machim 

sand $W additional, Cali'jraph 


In making large clubs -. 
hi irvt. tbpm. never forget 


number is received to entitle 


your mind to cap line Ibc Standard CM 
You hi 


forgetting to notify u 

jsoriptions to juurcku..™ 

bouk in ..nlei that when the requisite 

-.tile you to lb..- desired 

ieiinderstati.luif,- lii_the 

For Instance, 

utiibia Bicycle, i 

ly have one of these b 

,li>pusLd, an. I the tn-t person claiming U under. air 
terms will be the one to get it. \ougoabout 
.ini.ingyniir friends and ..Mam, say, ten subscrip- 
tion* (he first day fetid us on these names Willi 
i he mou.y, alw aj s reminding us t.^ place jberii (,. 

Ih. 'in. .Hid i%bcii"tt..- ..(.-gregiil.- n a<brs 

il,g II,.- 

,vill he .Milled to the t 
. ■;,-!! balance of $10. 

[■evenly -live subscriptions ; or -.evenly Im- pre- 
miums offered for one subscript ; >>i three pre- 
mium* offered for twenty-live suhscrt].ti..iis, and 

The only condition that we make Is that you 
must claim your premium some time wiihin the 

Tt will be readily seen that by 1 

who works f 

anything, f ndcr no ( 

i the bender 

refs charges mast ibe met In all balances 
■ niirties r.c.-iviiig he g..<Ms \\ her<- glials 

.,,., . .,[ i. n .-.-Hi-. 

-cure their registraeh.n For unregistered 
h,st In the mails we will not be responsible. 


Tbe outline drawing given shows the best 
position for holding the pen in flourishing. 
The end of the middle finger rests on the 
under side of the holder, us near the pen as 
possible, and the end of the thumb on top 
about one half inch above. The joint in 
thumb marked ° should be bent so thatthe 
end comes against tbe holder. The first 
joint in the little finger is used for a sliding 
rest and sometimes when more space is 
wanted between the rest and the pen, the 
part of the hand marked ]. The little 
finger rest may be on a line from the pen to 
the elbow or to the right of such a line, ac- 
cordingly, as the fingers (third and fourth) 
are folded under the hand. 

The first finger should be separated from 
the second so as to show a space between as 
shown in drawing. 

Place the front edge of the chair to a line 
plumb (guess at it) from the edge of the 
table, which should be flat. Keep both feet 
flat on the floor. Rest the left elbow on the 
table from four to six inches from the edge 
aud bring the hand directly in front of the 
body for holding the paper. Suspend the 
right elbow over tbe edge of the table and 
bend it so that the right baud will be just a 
little to the right of the center of tbe body 
in front and from seven to ten inches from 
the edge of tbe table. 

These directions, if carefully followed, 
will give an easy and correct position at 
the table, and should seldom be changed 
when the sheet to be worked on is of such a 
size as to be adjustable to it. 

A line drawn from the edge of the table 
to tbe right at an angle of 45 ° will ap- 
proximate the direction in which all shaded 
lines should be made, the paper being con- 
stantly moved about with the left hand. 

We give in this lesson a few exercises, 
called principles, for the learner to practice 
on. Practice them in the order given until 
the third line is reached, after that the 
order is not important. 

Tbe object in working first on principles 
or exercises is to acquire skill in making 
forms, true curves, strong and smooth 
shades and in placing them just where they 
are needed to produce a good effect In the 
ovals in second line notice that the shade is 
heaviest opposite tbe widest part. 

Tbe student should not aim so much at 
making one very good exercise after many 
attempts as to making them all passably 
good on a single sheet, thereby gaining tbe 
confidence in his ability to excutc, which 
will be of great value in making birds, etc. 
But at first take one exercise and work at it 
alone until it is mastered. 

Your success in executing the copies in 
next lesson will depend largely on the at- 
tention and practice you give to this one. 

" I have given Ames' Best Pen 
thorough trial and take pleasure in recou 
mending it as first class in every respect." 

H. J, PuTMAN. 

Minneapolis, Minn. 


— The Pen Art Herald, Cleveland, an- 
nounces a weekly edition. We have not 
had the pleasure of seeing the paper in that 
form. It is a very unique experiment and 
we wish it all the success in the world. 

— We have received the proceedings of 
the ninth annual meeting of tbe B. E. A., 
held in Milwaukee, from July 19-V2 last. 
Tbe proceedings are from the verbatim notes 
of Charles H. Welch, h Milwaukee stenog- 
rapher, and reflect great credit upon his 
accuracy, speed and general skill. 

—Thomas Conyngton, proprietor of the 
business colleges of that name at Galveston 
and Houston, Texas, writes us that in a re- 
cent number of The Journal we full into 
some errors as to location of other business 
colleges in that State. Hisschools, wearein- 
formed, are the only institutions of com- 
mercial training in the cities of Galveston 
aud Houston, and we are also glad to learn 
that they are enjoying unusual prosperity. 

-.V. I' Arm-In. m; appears as publisher 

Business ( allege. Tin 1 tirst two mini hers i 
very good. Some veiy clever work is ex- 
ibited from that very clever penman, J. A. 

I work of the kind I have t 

Must take a deal of pains ; 
Must criticise bis every line 
Ami mix bis ink with brain a, 

Santa Vluut, Aorth Pole. 

— Mr. Kibbe will answer any questions 
with regard to his lessous through The 
Journal. The lessons have elicited the 
warmesi praise from all quarters, aud they 
have richly deserved it. 

— We have a large amount of accumulated 
correspondence on baud. It would be hurd- 
ly exceeding the truth to say that in some 
months enough cHiumuuii utmns eometo the 
office to last us for a year. Those whose 
articles have been accepted and deferred will 
have to bear with us. 

— Inquiries are frequently made of us as 
to how ink may be made glossy. Any writ- 
ing ink may be so made by adding to it a 
small quant iiy of gum arabic or white 
sugar. Caie must be taken not to use too 
much of either lest the ink be too thick to 
flow readily, and if sugar be used it will be 
sticky when dry. David"s jet black ink, or 
May nurd it Noyes" treated in this way make 
very good inks, as will any good black ink. 

Mn f"i<] Mr James does not speak of "Under- 
woods " in his essay, it having appeared since the 
paper was written: but there Is a poetic criticism 
of it In " Brlc-a-Brac," by Miss Thomas. Dr 
Eagleeton'a story of "Tbe Graysons" has some 
very exciting chapters; and James Lane Allen's 
story, illustrated by Kcmble, is a pathetic account 
of "Two Kentucky Gentlemen of the Old School." 

—The April number of The Coxmojwti/an strongly 
sustains tin- -tiindiug of bright young maga- 
zine for the timeliness i>f its subjects and the orlnp- 
uessof its varied contents. The leading article Is 
a delicate description, by the poet-critic George 
Edgar Montgomery, of Shakespeare's "Midsum- 
mer Night's Dream," as produced at Daly's 
Theatre, copiously illustrated by portraits in char- 
acter, and many of the exquisite scenes (printed in 
color), which have made this play a conspicuous 
event In the dramatic season Just closing in New 
York. Other timely arliclesare Moncure D.Con- 
way's "Reminiscences of Kaiser Wilhetm" (with 
illustrations) drawn from his frequent contact 
with the Emperor tinting I be franco. German war, 
when he was Murat Hulstead's comrade as special 
war-correspondent; and Lucy C. Lillle's article 
upon Louisa May Olcott. Among the prom- 
inent contributors to this number will be 
found also Mux O'Rell John Burroughs, Ella 
Wheeler Wilcox, May Riley Smith, J. Breck Perk- 
ins, and E. P. Roe with his Southern serial story 
"Miss Lou," making altogether an exceedingly 
attractive number. 

— 77ie Magazine of American History for April 
surpasses c\^i\ itself in the rarity and beauty of its 
Illustrations. The exquisite Hutiertsou miuature- 
portraits of President and Martha Washington 
form the frontispiece which, pointed nearly one 
hundred years ago from life have never been seen 
by the public until now Another priceless art 
treasure, appearing furl he fust time this month In 
this superb periodical, is a copy of tbe only cabi- 
net-sized bust-portruit of Washington, painted 
from life by Charles Wilson Peale. Then, as we 
turn the beautiful pages, we find two examples of 
Malbone's miniature portraits, perfect gems of 
early painting, dating back to 1799; also rare por- 

writer regards Darwinism as an accepted doc- 
trine, and discusses Its relation to religion with a 
clearness and a just appreciation of the tenable 
ground of bolb ibe olergy and the men of science 
which are too rarely displayed lu treating this 

— Woman, the suggestive title of the latest pre- 

''■i 'i'H- ■ -• t> in Ibe periodical line, is bright and 

readers. Among the attractions of the March 
number are "Where our Sealikln Sacques Come," by Frederick Schwatkn, "Polygamy Un- 
veiled." by Kate Field, " Through a Wotu&nless 
Land," by Thomas Stevens, the bicyclist. The 
ui.'ii:a.'ine is published by tbe Woman Publishing 
Co.. New York City. 

— Wide Await for April greets u* with eighty 
pages overflowing with beautiful pictures, de- 
lightful stories and poems. Mrs. Sherwood's 
serial, "Those Cousins of Mabel's," enforces the 
usages of good society by the experience of the 
heroines. Tbe frontispiece, " Easier Lilies," la a 
charming Illustration; a lovely girl, her arms filled 
with tbe lilies. Lieut. Fremont's breezy Indian 
story for boys, a paper on "Old Ballads of London 
Btidge." (the London bridge famous in the nur- 
sery jingle,) an article ou Landseer, the famous 
animal painter, beautifully Illustrated, are all 
thoroughly entertaining, though written with a 
serious purpose. A tale of two children and a 
lion, thrilliugly Illustrated by Sandhum, givei the 
Slotting element this month. 

—Scribner's Magazine for April contains a num- 
ber of notable illustrated articles. Dr. Henry M. 
Field, wboee books of travel have gained him so 
many friends, has written a pleasing account of 
a visit to Glbralta. For delicacy, beauty and 
grace. the illustrations In "The Greek Vase " are 
cerlalnlyamonglbe most attractive which have 
eppe ared in this magazine. The concluding paper 
on " The Campaign of Waterloo," by John C. 
Ropes, is of intense Interest. The poets of the 
number are Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Edith 
M. Thomas, Ellen Burroughs, George Parsons La- 
throp, Henrietta Christian Wright and Graham R. 

for the past four months, are the work of 
the .Muss Engraving Company, of this city. 
Tbey are made by their new process direct 
from the pboloirroph. The finish, effect 
show for themselves. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely say 
that Ames' Best Pens are excellent. I have 
had a number of my special penmanship 
students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

W. J. Kinsley, 
Shenandoah, la. 

The Editor's Calendar. 

—The April number of The Centmy closes the 
thirty-fifth half yearly volume. The first article Is 
by Edward L. Wilson, tbe well-known photog- 
rapher and is descriptive of the natural aud 
other features of Palestine from "Dan to Beer- 
Bhcba." The article has a great number of illus- 
trations, mainly from photographs, and will be of 
special interest to the hacln is nLd students of the 
International Sunday-School Lessons. Theodore 
Roosevelt, In this number describes, with the aid 
of Mr. Remington's well-informed pencil, that 
decidedly American Institution, "The Round-up." 
As Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Remington have both 
participated in scenes such as ure here depicted, 
the paper is unusually vtvld both in letter-prest 
and Illustrations. Two articles ol especial literary 
interest are Henry James' paper on Robert LouU 
Stevenson, with a sketch "t Stevenson's very In- 
dividual face by Alexander, and a brief essay by 

traits of Robertson himself, of Peale, and of 
Trumbull. Mrs. Lamb's charming paper, entitled 
"Unpublished Washington Portraits," Includes 
much fresh and Informing data, with interesting 
personal sketches of some of the early artists. 
•' The Acquisition of Florida " is a very ably writ- 
ten article by our Minister to Spain. Hon. J. L. M. 
Curiy. LL.D , who has had exceptional opportun- 
ities forsludy among the records. 

—The April St. Nicholas has a seasonable frontis- 
piece by Fenn, two toddlers, under an umbrella, 
on " An April Day." This introduces tbe opening 
article, " What Makes It Rainf" by George P 
Merrill. There is also a charming " Rhyme for a 
Rainy Day," by Julia M. Colton. artistically framed 
by Katherlne Pyle'. Louisa M. Alcott, in "Trudel's 
Slege,"relalesthe efforts of a brave Dutch woman 
to tide her parents over a time of trial, and shows 
how she succeeded through " patience, courage 
and trust in God." There are excellent illustra- 
trations by Edwards. 

— The American Magazine for Maroh has an ad- 
mirable frontispiece in " Judith and Holofernes," 
from a painting by Vernet. Lovers of Indian 
antiquities will find much to Interest them in an 
article by Charles Ellis, desorlblng and illustrating 
the natural features of Mackinac Island, In Lake 
Huron. There are short stories by Tobe Hodge 
and others ; poems by Henry Abbey, Henry W, 
Austin and Laura F. Hinsdale. Julian Hawthorne 
continues his essays on literature, and Jonnle June 

iclls i 

■■f lil.r.j 

The Guardian, will appear in The Popular Scunc-- 
Monthly for May. The articles are anonymous, 
but are understood to be written by an Oxford 
tutor, and their appearance In the leading church 
journal of England stamps their orthodoxy. The 


—Miss Braddon Is writing "The Fated Three " 
for a syndicate of newspapers. 

—An authogvaphic manuscript of Hurus' Poems 
wassotd recently at Sothebys for $1,075. 

— Casaell's Saturday Journal Is giving away "Mr. 
Barnes of New York " as an extra supplement. 

—It is rather on the merits of " Little Lord Faun- 
tleroy" that "Sara Crewe" has sailed into the 
second edition of 10,000 copies. 

—A lady who knew Dickens before he was 
known and celebrated as the author of Pickwick," 
is to give her reminiscences to Temple Bar. 

— Histoid that W. H. Bishop's story. " Tbe Thir- 
ty Pieces of Silver," was written for a local com- 
petition for $50, instituted by a Milwaukee p»- 

— Cardinal Manning, It Is said. Is preparing a 
magazine article on Darwin's Life and Letters 
which willdwell chiefly on Darwin's personal ehar- 

— Miss Wormsley, whose translations of Belzac 
have had unu-ual suece-ti. has continued In "Mo- 
deste Mlgnon " and will foUow with " Peau de- 

-D. L. Paine. In the April Book Buyer, gives a 
genial and sympathetic sketch of James Whitcomb 
Riley, whose portrait, that of a smooth-faced poet 
with eye-glasses. Is In tbe front of the book. 

— " Shakespeare In Fact and Criticism" Is tbe 
name of Mr. Appleton Morgan's new hook pub. 
lished by Wm. Evarts Benjamlti. It is made up of 
ton essays, tbe last dealing with the Donnelly ci- 
pher, and in connection with prior ciphers and the 

Furuivul 1 

- - ^ *^ ®^fe« of ^£$$jfe&$$&^- ' 

D.TA^es 20) Bway-NcwYokk. 
"'" "'""I' '■■■' '"■» I'holo-Enirrav.'il from » Copy of a Diploma for I'"-*"" . S ','I.""onirliM'r m.V' j'ZI,!'" '"' °"**'' "'"' '" r '° m "' t " > ■ 



U^^//L^J'i^jy Sfjrjjga 


The abuv* Cnl «a> I'lioto-liu graved , I....I. !.■,■,( Size) from one or our Stock Diploma* Kepre»eutlug it when Filled. Thu*« Dlploi 

Paper, size 18x1.3, and are kept in Stock and Sold for 30c. Each, or S3.00 per Dozen. They are Filled In Varlom Styles at Varying f rivet. 




" I am doubtful whether a pen can be 
mndu for fine, artistic writing superior to 
Ames" Best Pen. If you had named it 
" The Best " no one would have doubted 
ihe title." G. Bixlf.h. 

American ft n Art Sail, Wooater, Ohio. 


Tell all Your Friends ■■-■ ;; 

About It. 

will mall ffratU to the render of The Joih- 
souvenlr ofPenArt, by a celebrated 
'his offer is fund for 30 days. 
. B. Tkouslot Jt Co. . Valparaiso, hut 


Distances all Competitors. 

■•Ames' Bp&I Pen beats all I have evt 

had before." P. B. S. Peters. 

PrqfMsorqf Pmrnanship, St. Joseph, Mi 


A Breech Load- ? 
ing Cun? 

A Flobert Rifle? L 

A Fine Gold : , 
Watch? ? 

A Photographic 

A Standard Col- 
umbia Bicycle? 

See the Journal's 
New Premium List. 


\ Teacher in a Business College; one who has 
ri experience in teaching tW f„u business 
'"'-<•, t.jit i- -I" '-i.i IK- .,,1:, i, i], ,| j,i rai-irt cHlcuia- 
iind bn>im --s antlnn.'iir. Must be a good 

and salary de- 

Who will get 
the Remington 

We know one teacher who 
wants it. 

A boy who can't own a 

beautiful $IOO. Bicycle 

now (by workingfor 

the Journal) hasn't 

much snap and 

push about 



Commercial Law 

' "™« "" standard. It l> plain, practical and ju.t the boo'i tor class histracii BrataajJ r„l- 

leges aud Commercial DepartmQnts. A new edition is now ready for deliver) 

Sample Copies will be sent to teachers on receipt of wholesale price. .10 Cents. 

Address orders and correspondence. 


Awarded the only Sold Medal. 

The Hammond Typewriter Co., 

75 and 77 Nassau St., N. Y. 





e, Albany 


;ly illustrated Monthly giving lessons 
Writing, Letter Writing, Eto. 

un, with premium, 

Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada, 

Penman's Badge. 


g ONLY tens 


blii.'k I in.-s. ! '.-rirnm.Tit 


^"SEND 25 CTS. an 

d get your name and town In 


.u Six Fine Lead Fen 

ila. catalogue School Sup- 
th first order. Address 



Standard Typewriter. 



We guarantee the superiority of our machine*. 
Buy them with the PHI VILEGE OF RETURNING 
them unbroken at any time within 30 days C, O. D. 
for full price paid if not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
illustrated pamphlet and -ample book of papers on 

327 Broad way, New York. 

Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut St. 
Boston, 201 Washingto 

Washingt«" ' 



Le Droit Building. 

9 N. Charles St. 

12 Third St. 

196 La Salle St. 

308 N. Sixth St 
l. raui, 1:6 E. Third St. 

idianapolis, 84 E. Market St. 
ansas City, 322 West 9th St. 
idon, 100 Gracechurch St., 





Indelibly uinrking household fabrics 


ieat or preparation needed. The easles 

Will not Spread or Blot. 

ic-n years on the market and no fault fo 
your stationer Tor It. It is the best. Tak 
ir Or, send 2t> cents for It to 

pole Ink I'.m.ler m, li,.- tin' la-si tree 
lli.witif. j.-i-bln,k wiitini; nik in the world, Wli 
Cheaper than any nrat-clas; 

naming color 

.naming co 

..tinple winch v 

nk. Ah. 1 vii.let, scarlet and red powders, 

wanted, and v 
make from tin 
surpassed for Blylograpi 

Ruling inland ink-im i„..,k manufaoturerB 

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WOKkV Importers and manufacturers of every 

: Dym and Chemicals. M Oum»r., 

■ Kull..n. 

nhio and foun 



ntse^u, o , is jiin'tht'1 Mni.'i->fiil .-(lnirieiitur In 
xler's Naiional Contest in Penmanship He is 
ii"\v ni-iu-ril in teuehi tu; ami is impin- n rich 
reward. .Mr Thresh owes lijs success to 

Hixler's Physical Training In r. in ihl p. 

Mailed In fill parts of the world, postage prepaid, 
B-tf Address, Q. BIXLER, W008ter, O. 


Business College 

449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By means of dlreet Personal Correspondence. 

The First School of its kind in America. 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Distance no objection. Low rates and eatls- 

faetlon guaranteed. Send two letter stumps for 

32-page Announcement and Testimonial*. 


"Worth all others together."— TltvUw. 


( "MI'Lktk i;ci)K I- 


Sent t,v mull for price. Ct 
Descriptive circulars free. 

31 Moffat Building, (4-19) D< . 


KS i ici : 






Special penmanship department, thorough 

^[H r Vr,r^'"|,'!i''v l ^ , ''' Lr '"'' leVOrythillg - CircuIar 8 

Buffalo, N. Y. 

Mailed on Receipt of 30 Cents. 

A Speolmen Letter to j-ou personally 30 

A Sheet of Combinations " 30 c 

A Dozen Cards an 

A Price List of My Work 

A Lesson In Flourishing ,, 

AUoftheAbove ?] \ ( 

2-13 Address, C. P ZANER, Columbus, Ohio. 


luTO^T^ ggf fofir^ A ^t A s B %]% V ° 

«m:n \mkn i'\i, hi. skins, $1. ' * ' ■ 

INK I'UU DKliS itud Directions any color ', f, 
AUTOMATIC PENS. Nos. to 5, 25o. each, 5 f< 

$1. Nos 

Two Pl.- d 
for 81. Sta 

i, 85c each 

If not satisfactory, 

- .. » than $1. 
a work, and money w 


1 a college where 63 

a applied In one year 

»?5>^^ for Its students to keep 

. their books correctly and 

si.\i>s"( iiiii.,l 

Iowa Commercial College. 

Type Writers bought, sold and exchanged 01 
reasonable terms. Address 

S0 * Daventoht. Iowa 


Si/.e 22\'in, in India ink, for 77c Flourished lilrd 
or set of Caps f..r i:„v' l' !mt , ,-[■;, j.hs f, r <>nlnri:'in,; 

ami reducinc designs, „,/,, j,,,,,. U-s-u.iik l,y ,„.,,] \[ 

-.ncecss .Send lor eiieul,,rs ^-ivin- f„|| ] M f. ,,,,,., 
I mv .specialties advertised I- - 


S ft d ™i e you , r nQme wr '«en in full, and 25 cents' 

and I will send y „,- ,,,,,,,.., ,-„. ,, 

writing it, with iuMrn./tinris , or send m,. ■, ■ ,;■',,, 
stamp, and I will send you addressed in mv own 
hand. price, list descriptive of Lessons l. v Maf I Ik 
tended SI., i.-nu-nt.. Tracing Exercises, Capital 
Cards. Flourishing, ..,,■. Addn-s, P a ' 8 ' 

p « ^J:;, i ' l VKM /"'" M ; i """ J,,Il o«on,Iow a . 



^^l^^ pvSI II 1 1 II 1 1 1 ^ 
No. 128. 
Expressly adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship, 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 







Penmanship Department 
Northern Illinois Normal School 


J. B. DIllo, Principal. 

C. N. C rati die. Penman. 

aienliim I'., iU] 


*n. ; 

tipt of order with cash, will write you 

name ,,, Mi|„. n ,,r SI * le ,,„ ,„„. ,(,,,,,,„ ,.. iri | s fo| ' -j.-., 

f. h '" „'■ '"l -'" s '"' , ' im "" ""urtshing 100., or 
1{M2 ' J. F. FfSU, Cleveland, Ohio. 

A (;r,„h. 

Specimen of Flourish- 

)■ of Copies in Accurate 
love rue nt Writing, with 

reautiful Foi un- 
excelled, "-.ff. IP. 

Your writing Is perfeotlv beautiful For 

curacy I donht " ■■ 


W. G. Christie, Penman, 

Poushkeepsie, N. Y. 

Written Cards! 




LAPILINVM {Stone-Cloth). 

A Perfect, Flexible Blackboard for Lectur 
ers, Teachers. Sumln> Schools, etc. 

K-dlstightly. like;, mit ,,, with, nit injiirv Unequal- 
ed marking surface. Superior erasil.le qualities 


•1 yd- 

Black Diamond Slating. 

The Best Liquid Slating (without exception) 
for Walla and Wooden Blackboards 
Makes the finest and 

Kaslly i,|i|,li,.,| « 1,1, ; , ,.,, 


» Sets Caps, 2 Specimens of Flourishing, 25 Move 
inent Exercises, Autograph designed, 1 Written 
letter and 1 lesson in .vritiiiir. all for 30 cents fresh 
from the pen and worth $i, 60, send at once to J. M 
Wade, Penman, Emlenton, Pa. 4-1 

Charles Rollinson, 

for the past 13 years with D. T, Ames 




Garken City, Kan. 
CALLING CARDS written In the fine 
ner possible for 26 cents per dozen. 
Samples, 10 cents. Circulars free. 


For 7 Cents 

n eh her of t 

and Colleges. ! Vh L 

Every Style of Artistic V^isBf 
Pen work. r''^^ 



Penmanship and Arithmetic-. «20 r 

Above nor month.. 
" 'a for above ' * 

of poetry. EUganUy 

f>n,r„M,i/>, a.,,/:,/.,,.-. ,,t Fft„m with ,:n ■l. nl - 
■•■> w»,r \«m. Von will he delighted with t 
.. ..rk A c.inplete mono^nun of the twenty- 
< apilfil I, .'Iters will he Hind jis a premium wiili 
each order, stamps r. -eivot Address 

J. G. ANDERSON, Jackson, Tenn, 

feJrw^M / 1 ', f " r ""', ,| " ll - ,jlt ''-- Kda May, Is per- 
f-etl> ■ satisfactory, and we take pleasure j„ sp,'„k. 
Ingof your work in the hidie^t terms Your work 

hoth as tt. penman-hip an. I | trv merit- a lili.Tt! 

support.-Yours truly. C A i V^RU " 

t durable surface. 
a brush to any sur- 
ious sizes, with full 


Pints. 8I.»:Qnart 3 ?■>, llali tJ.dlon, S3.50; Gallon 

$6.50. Flat Brush (4 In.) 50 cents. 
One quart easily covers 50 square feet with three 
coats, the number usually applied. 
Used and gives Perfect Satisfaction in 
''..limibiai'MlWeiSchiiol .,f Mlnesi New York Cit\ 
i-'oluinbia Grammar School, " " , 

CulK-ceof I'lu-k-iatis. nid Sin-, -..ns 
I-'ulver-itv <.f the ritv „IN,,ivY„rk' " 

tullegeof the Cltvof New York ' 
College of Pharmacy, " .. 

'■-ilh-ce of st. Francis Xavler, 

l. 1 iajvtter,,l!ege Ewtoii, Pa 

M:n isoii t n.verslty Ilamiltmi, _N Y 

'• u n's College 


I I J-rl; -eh,„, 

Normal Schoo 


SI Jolm's College 

^t.vensln ■■" ■ 
Mvv-ns 111 


Hingham Suuuui 
L I [[.ispital Med 
New York Stook I 

■,_-.'. New York *.-,. 
"ite, l^ehftnge, New York 





Is now one of the departments of Los Angeles 
Business Collece and English Training School 

My school by mall Is now a pronounced success 
Twenty lessons for S5.00. Send for circulars 
Those wishing a thorough drill under our personal 
Instruction will find no better place than the Pen- 
manship Department of this college. Send for 
College Journal. Specimens of our best work 30 
"» D. B. WILLIAMS Prlnopal, 

■ ,'iiff I-.-,, LiHiit-e, .M'« i,,rk iron and Metal 
change. Equitable Grain and Produce Exchatig 

In the Public Schools of 
Washington. D.C. (exclusively). Paterson, N. J. 
New York City. Flushing, N. Y 

^iN lianeisco, Cal. Mt. Vernon. N ' 

Newark, N.J. Poughloeptsle \ 

'ir.N. J, Waverly, N. Y, 

r "—eld, N. J. Hartford, Conn 

'"rseycity, N. J. Naugalnck c 

fen Point, N. J. Easthampton.un 

.h Orange, N. J. Knoxvllle, Tenn 

Knoxvllle, Ter~ 

Raleigh, N. C. 


i, Cal. 

Ouf^P^lflQXflHE. JlLV fRflTEJ) QlplICG-VEJ 

BYDVr\NEwlto :: Rf , EPi\oe£55«. 


" " 2J4J-3M 



that If you have a good handwriting you will have 
■.uble In getting a position. Then why not 


you want to do It send SJ.OO to A. W, DAKIN for 
his course of 12 lessons in plain penmanship, by 

This course is the most thorough and complete 
obtainable in the country. 


will receive 12 beautifully written letters criticising 
your writing and a great variety of written conie. 
fresh from the pen with each lesson. 


now, to-day, for the longer you put It off, the 

longer yon put off y„ur success. 


better than any Investment you ever made. Over 
100 pupils have commenced this course sluoe Jan- 
uary 1, 1888. Book-keepers, bankers, clerks me- 
chanics, farmers, merchants, etc., find this the 
cheapest, the surest, and the best way to get an 
easy rapid style of writing. The proof of the pnd 
ding is in the eating. Here is another man who 
' ^tlTlf' 1 thlS °° Urae 0f ,esson8 and below is what 
Mr. B. W. Pulling, Wansan, Wis., now writes a 
hand that is excelled by few professionals. Here 
■~ way he wrote before he began this course of 



«"■ - - 9HXOU 

No :t Killed fur music, -_'|. v ;ji, Indies 

This (t universaOj/ admitted to be the best I 
mutt rial /or blackboard in "■'■ 



Friend Dakln, I send you with this my photo and 

ny signature written before and after taking your 

I am very grateful to you for your kind attention 
nd will always deem it a pleasure to recommend 
our course of lessons to all who wish to learn to 
frite an elegant band. Wishing your success. I 
emain, Yours truly, B. W. Pulling, Waueau, Wis. 
To those who think of taking the course I will send 
samples of my penmanship for a cents. Circulars 
free. Address, 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


cents for 35 of the most fashionable oall- 
, written on the finest linen brlatol. They 
will please you. 


Don't fall to send 40 cents for 12 signature cards 
I all different. A beautifully written letter ascents. 
Threesetsof capitalsali different 40cents. Boxof 
I the best pens made 45 cents. Address as above. 


W« want good, active, reliable agents tn every 
part of the United States and Canada not at present 
occupied by oar agents, to take subscriptions for 
the Journal and to Bell the new 


and our other publications. We have agents who 
send ub hundreds of subscriptions every year, 
without going outside of their Immediate neigh- 
borhood. Upon the liberal commissions we oiler 
this Is a moDey-making business. Write at once, 
as we will close with the first reliable parties who 


D. T. AMES, Kditob Ann Proprietor, 

205 Broadway, N. T. 



On the Mississippi, about 


Pelrce's System of Penmanshlp- 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Pelrce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

1st. A Membership In the Business Department Is 
ad. A Membership In the Penmanship Depart- 
about one-half that of 

8d. The total __, 

Nlmiltir liiMitiitl.nis in linger No vacations. Apr" 

etui I" 1 made any day In tin 

iiplii'iiti'ius for admission 

lent results. , , 

Uth. Send three letter stamps fur Journal, circu- 
lar and 41^'inien i>f Penmanship. 
Tth. Pelrce's System i.f penmanship, with Method 

Hy the dnzt'ii, 
itn. My rnuosopmcal 

s in in put iii desirable 

r published ; containing 

wTth~Articles, Lecture,, criticisms and Discus 
nil pertaining to 
pages i>f superior I ' 1 1 •« ' r 

ftth. The SECOND Voluiuw ui uiis 

will be announced in these columns when ready. 

i of Penmanship 

undred (700) que 

"th Articles. Lee 

pertaining to Penmanship, and covering 

ges i>f superior paper. 

■ The -econo v.-lume of this "TREATISE 

lounced in these columns when rcnd> 

Ing Exercises " with each 

Address aB communications to 

Chandler H. Peirce, 



" P^.N„.STRQKE.§,.".„.. 

'J, 1 ' ,v . l V-'.Sj*- -„„. 

all who order the "Guide 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

With Copy Slips o 

Sample Copy Guide 

t'Mver, with Copy slip-, 
■ ; Prize Specimen, J tie.; 

Penmanship direct from 

i Pen. 2 Be; liuide, Prize .sj>.-, amen and Orna- 


S16 East State Sti 


B^'iSrS-r;.:;-',.:'"' ■■:■'•':■'': ■.'■;■.;: 


Semi ?L 5-'. *\ or$." f,,r 

Amoiiuu, put up in elegant 
boxes, and strictly pure 
Suitable for presents. Ex- 
press charges light IMers 
i" ail i hiiag.i Try It once 


?onfectioner, CHICAGO 


■ A thousand years as a day. No arithmetic 
teaches it. A short, simple, practical method by 
E. C. ATKINSON. Principal of Sacremento Bus!- 
ne*s College. Sacremento. Pal Bv mail, fio cent*. 






plate paper All copies 
Part one contain i 

s kept clean Every necessary c>py Is givi 

: complete anil comprehensive " In*tructi' "< 

r given in connection 

and -houl 

high order 
ting " 

Agenls wanted 
~ 'leot al' •" 

Colleot all other "Compendia 

f the kind ever publi-iied 

' ; ' P kind' "ver publi-lied. 
iplete work mailed in 


m and skim over the difficult thing- in writing hut explains 

I have thoroughly examined 

worth double its 

School -'■ I must say It 

reduction tn schools. 
he " Lessons," and cor. 
, printing, paper, etc. 
Ill refund the money m 
It generally conceded to be th' 

ieat and substantial ease to any address in the world for 


no doubt aid 

ami school 
arranged, has i 

Baltimore ,Md i lli-h ' 
many of the future gt 

liberal discount givei 

quality . 

nil. if work 

i returned in good <, 


Stamps not takei 



■■^tff^WW-i irii'ir^ij iiriij j 



Strictly first-class engraving u 

[knowledge it the cheapest 1 1 1 t h e long r 

.■par nig a copy i,., engraving, should never use . 
. writing ihii-1 . I- lack in. in, ink making each h d 

irp and dl-tmct is neees-arv to obtain g l< 

rew penman know the iinporiance of this This i 
r attention toft in this ndvc 

e admit, but ' 

i copy and stamp for specimen 

Paper Warehou se, 

Nos. 15 & 17 Beekman St., 

Branch Sture, 37 Houston Street 
8-lsi NEW YORK 


• Question Books with Answers. " This is aserie B 

'"'.comprising t; s _ Ui;iU)T y - 

', Grammar 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

For students, schools, and accountants it gives 
I lie most practical tortus f.,r the capital „,„[ Hrtl - t |] 
script alphabet.-, also the tignre.- ; thus keeping 

er Dresent and convenient before the writer 
forms for writing. This ruler Is 15 inches 

Practice, e~aeh ' hook 

^^PhysiOlogy , U ' 1( I n v . 

containing 1001 

that are complete enough 

"' "iy help to teachers or outers in 

nidations, or for re vie wine pupil- 

XH Uneaaona with Answers on ARITHME- 

m. biding nearly am t.-M -van, pic- w lrh „„ 
ions. Besides treating rh,,ro„ehh 

isltlvely the only question books 

K'"" ,1 " llu ' Ui " al " complete enough on ,, slim' 
ire n arir f 6 ' '"'*' h " lp '" tea ''"'-' 1 "- " r '"hers 

valuable to aU who are seeking to Improve 
"Ing. Address. 


«w "roadway. New York 

..^ »». u ,-...,,,, „.,!> oe-nies treating r ,, ,, . ,,,.-(, < 

entire -.op,, .„ A,l.hmetlc,thls hook runffi 

) t««t examples with answer* ami -..,u 

,U i bJ thi' l h Q a P latioua bel[J K placed 

examples v 

eacu subject, the solution- 

""■ U'i'.-hdi, In this I k there ,, 

'"•"'•ms wlthansi 


questions with 

*' 1(MI t/uestlous wim Ans 
with i-opl.iiis HhiMiratloiiB ,,,.,. . V]l ,., 

"■'in- .iii.l the parsing of difficult < 

I he Standard lYacMcal Penmanship, a port folk 
nihracinga complete library of practical writing 
'iciuding the in-w Magi. Alphabet, capable ,.| 
■emg wnn,.,, bv any o,,c l,.-gr|lily live time- a- laM 

■ r r",^""^ h , "; i ; u '' i f " r !i °°- fn,m n " 

<ew >or» office only. Address 



* jForonrdfl, &o. Circular 

rsiio 58. Press for small 

inewapaper$44. Send 2 

[stamps for List presses, 

- _ - type, cards, to factory, 

KeUtty dc Co. .Uerldoo, Codo. 

TORY," IncTudln 

1 •■■■ ' onHtltatlo'ri 


Questions with Answers on GEOQRA- 

cmbra.-lng Descriptive. Physical and Mathe. 
JiSh* 1 * 7 'rt l?iSt de8or,p " ve questions art 

i'hv . ' , » WI ™ answers on GEO 
m , e ™ br&f:il) F Descriptive. Physical and 
a kJd ,n'":' , ) ri " , ' iy , ^"-'.^^riptive questions 
-k- ■■ -a- - grand ,llvl,|on separat, h . the . 
mil i j. (In -tnilent to refresh his tnlnil on tl riv imr 
uUr country without reading over the ». N ilre 
i Theory and l'ra.-tice and Physiology and Hy- 

i' and lb. se ■ I, ,,,.,. i, „,... , „.,.., ,,.--, "> 


■• , ,,...,. . i.n-uee anil 1'liynlolo 

'd these subjects ;,<-.- lr.;,t.,-,| ,, 

mprehensive and lucid 

HOLD, :,:;;::; 




Any of the following article 
when soxtatedi; 

mental Penmanship $5 00 

Ames' Book of Alphabets l B0 

Ames' Guide to Practical and Artistic Ten 

manship, in pijier :ji..-._ ; In cloth 75 

Williams' and I'ackard -..;.rns.. .. r> 00 

Standard l'f;n'tical l'etiinaiisbi|i, by the Spen- 

cer Brothers l oo 

New Spein-i'iinn i 'oinpi-ndlurn. rompleie in s 

Kibbes Alpnaiicts, live slips, 'i'io .; complete 

Little's Illustrative Handbook on I J rawing.".'. 60 

lirant Memorial ggx2S inches 50 

Family Hecord 18x22 " 60 


Slan-iagi 1 ' '<■ 

i.arlieid M 
Lord's !'i. 

I' .iillillng 

Eulogvtd Lincoln and Grant .2JrJS " G 
Uniamenral and nourished t 'arils, [.'design*. 

new. original and artistic, per pack of 50, 3 

100 by mail 5 

looo " KM: by express ".'.'. '. So 

lin-tol Hoard, ;ishe C i thick, 22xSrt, per sheet. 6 

22x28, per sheet, by express ... S 

b H.. 2.1x34. 

(thick Ciifd-bnaril, ■>. > x J 1 ^. for white ii 

), by express.. 

Black Cards, per H 

Drawing paper, hot-pre 

r ft Newton's Sup'r Snp.lndi 

bottle, by express.. 

' Penmen's Favorite No : 

r gross 1 00 

Uncrossing Pens for lettering, | 
rrow-piill Pen. v. TV line, forth . 
Soniieckcu Pen. for text lettering -Double 

f tine, for drawing, do/.. 

Oblique Penholder, i ach mc ■, per 

" [touble " Pclihohlcr (mav he i 

straight or oblique,, each |... ; 

t'ibln|iic Metal Tip-t i adjustable to; 

New Improve. I Pantograph, for enlarging or 

diiriinishilig id awing- 
Ready binder, a simple device for holding 

Roll Blackboards, by express, 

No! 2, " S^ixSM feet! 
No. 3, " 

Stone rl, 

yard wide, any length, per 
inches wide, per yard.'slated bo'tb sides.' 


i paper is kept In stock, i 

The fractional deni 

o[" rilleen bills each Tlle\ are pr, 

make 3 ones, a twos, 2 fives, 2 tent, and 

the -Jo. :.u. |ihi. ,'jMiatid l.CW d.dlar n 

... which the iliiTeretit denomini 
pi i tiled is thit whteli long experience In 

demonstrated to best 

venience In business practice 
the Script in other proportions 


Fractional Currency per 100 n 


notes representing SS3.330 capital * 7 00 

160,600 " la 00 

333,330 " 20 00 


kept in stock and sent by return mall orex- 
■ » lents each or $3.00 per dozen. Orders 

nd spec, al designs promptly filled We 
k 'liphima- for bu-me-s colleger and 


For the preparation of all manner of display outs 
our facilities are iiiieoualled Send for estimales 
Also we have the bet facilities for making pholo- 
engravedouts Iron, pen and ink n,,py. 

4 I latfl N STOCK 

-, .., th 
)eared In Tup Jociinal and our p.d.iicti., 

if the thousands of i 
■co.^u iu The Jouknai. and our p 

luplicates will he furnished for low prlci 
We will supply, at publisher*- rata, any standard 

work on penman-tcpm print: al-o any i kkeep 

Du^li T anthmetlc or other educational 

Send the money with order. In all cases. Unless 

this teipilremenl Is met i„. .__■ |„ w j 1 1 ,„. „. M| , 

mail, "i ,iui, ,-.,.. . hi e v] ,,,.. , ■ ,, H mi |,., s , 

.sufficient advance is made to protect us n.-nii-i 
continent loss l.on't waste v! ,„ r ,,,,,, .„„\ ,,' lr [ 

!he7T'!V.'," l '',il'V.' 1 n S «''| l ] n'ri'ii" 1 ''" "'"" ' lilV '' '"^"^ 
, ''; l " ' r 't '"" ". »'■ '/"V Uchln'lh. nothing 
but reliable goods, and all win. favor us witfi 
orders art) assured of prompt and efficient service 

Address. D. T. AMES, 

203 Broadway, Ne 



Ii.ul .1 

I deal m 

i < 1 1 1 1 y rec'd.and I intended 

. Lcois, Mo., Feb. 14, 1888, 
a short time, but I 

id mi.' not absolutely r 

Your sy-t-rn ■>{ Iri-trncliuii a ml un" 
and i think y..ur work i- .' t.. :i 
■ rell to discard the oblique 
ny first-class teaclnis.wh 
tw any graceful writing tl 

r teaching are well 

Ill iduiil 


Mr. Russell oair, 
When i 


that be oomea fully up to 
produce first-class penmen, 
of snide penmen, though, of course, it Is 
oblique holder, and I will not have It In my 


nmcntiil pen work 

hllOWS, i 

\\ -■ r, 

I fn.i 

of grei 

[..-iimai^lup fr.»m In- •■>]■.. « I t, -!,■■« \v..Mlfiful impr.Aenie 

1W. II \V. Kit .If.. \ \ f thr 1..-M IV, i Ar1i,ts.ln ti) 

We note the f»lf wm.-', Kir I' r.w,. £)/< <.f February j, ]w*s 

"Read thfiir'ii'l '• • ! '■• I. -ck f m. rcial Culh-ge. Pet 

Prof. A. J. Willis, rmiitlv from I Him, N. Y .. and his skill, both 


uur students in- in ili'in;iiid. mid sou will make no mistake in< 

» h '"- . L 

If yi.u desire to le.mi mure about us from those who have bet 
miiiih of tin' following tiinhiT-. Lilt- Iodine ;i stump for i- *.- 1 ■ l \ . 
Some of iIk-iu iii-t- liMi'liing hi tlirir own -i-li.... 1 -. and niln-r- lui 

f teauhing here,' 

inking a 

sineas College. 

.- i T nited 

nmmsliip in tins institution is t mulir l>> 

and i onuncrclal J^-pim 
". H. Cole, Eh ' ~ 
■. ixerbom, 

« in. 

Uin-imnp is a gradu 

itlonisti. „ 
i iirtist and u teacher, is remark, i 

nlng here for 

positions Id Business Colleges 

,) 11 l ..le,! i;reeiiwteh, U. I ; .1 II Wy.-e, 
■ Ont ; .). i ■ M. Mil- Hui'lincfon 
Jttsinger, Utica. N T ; M. Sayre, 

IUll'liiiL.'ton \r , \\ [i V\ In l-!«r, I.iim ..It,. II! ; A II. FlIS-. 
Ci't siitl-I.ii 

is Dead. 

N atio c n o a n l test.n PENMANSHIP- 


I li'inii['i;n r.iXTKii],! 
•r vims .town hill. The 
IIATIONS. It is tli.-- KI> 

i [iK.\E-i:sr - 


■-"<5"."BiXLER,' K 

Pen' Art "Hall U( 

sbvooi. - WOOSTER, OHIO. 


The Hand Book of Volapuk. 


Member of the Academy of VoltipUk— President of llie Institute of Accounts. 
One vol., 12mo, 1 28 pp. Heavy paper, bound. Price, postage paid, $J. 


This work, in the preparation of which neither labor nor expense has been spared, 
comprises : 

1. An introduction expluioiug the Purposes, Origin and History of Volapuk and of 
the Volapuk movement. 

2 A gram m ilical exposition of the structure of the language. 

3- Tlui ordur or ur uiiuit incut of words 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of radica's and tbe formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes and by suffixes. 

5. " Spodam ;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8. " Lilttdaui ," Reading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary, Volapilk-Englisb, and English- Volapllk. 

In addilion there is a portrait of Scbleyer, with extracts from bis writings; a stnte- 
m-nt in Volapuk of the changes made by the second annual Congress ; and a key to the 
exercises for corroding borne work. 


The only American periodical devoted in whole or in part to the new internalional 
hn-uage is The Office. 

In it Ihe department entitled " Volaspodel," contains progressive lessons in 
Vo'apuk, with spec'al reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly. 
Subscription $1 a year Specimen copies 10 cents each 

For circulars of the Hand Book of Volapllk, and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

*** • 37 College Place, New York. 


A course of priLctii'i' in iiioiI-.tii double onirv. N'eare-t. a 

iiibooktorm An iiit.ti-ly mt sting story of an urinal 

bookkeeper to writ.' n| nrm> hook* from tli.' menioraiii 

taim-d. in doing winch h.' |.,t|oitii- tin d utie- of an expert i 
i orn| oiri-t.ry of double entry, and lifi'nnus ••mial to ativ rim re.- 
sl<TK-sl t MlOilKKI I 11 K> wl,,,!,,,,,, notliim- about ilo'„|,|,. ,-,' u 
now holding tioiu.rnl.k-, r. ■-[.,. ltl -i|,l,.. ilU( i lucrative | 

The Spencerian Copybooks, 

Including the various series of that well-known system, still 
maintain their well-earned and generally recognized position as 


The symmetry, accuracy and beauty of their copies have been 
imitated but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
can be ascribed to any other series is that it resembles the 

The arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
with the highest educational standards. 

The quality of paper used in their manufacture is peculiar to 
the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and the 
use of patented machinery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


By P. R. Spencer's Sons, constitute a new departure in penman- 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are not designed to displace or supersede the 
Spencerian, but for use in schools or among private learners when 
an abbreviated "running hand" is desired. 

f Spencerian Large, - - - - - 9G cents. 

trices:! Spencerian Small, ..... 92 cents. 

(^Spencerian New, ----- 9b' cents. 
Correspondence solicited. 


753 &. 755 Broadway. New York., 
lis 149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

This College furnishes, itt moderate cost, the 
very best business training. The Course la an 
embodiment of the Inteat and most approved 
methods yet aittilned by the best Ameriean Busi- 
ness Colleges. 

nents and departments. 

The methods fur Illustrating actual business In 
use In Business Practice Departments, are 
conceded, of business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world. These "Business Practice" Depart- 
ments alone, In this Institution, contain a more 
complete course of training than the entire course 
In many Business Colleges that claim to he among 
the best. 

The Principal of this Department ts an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as well as a teacher 
of unsurpassed ability, and gives Ids entire time 
to his pupils. For more complete Information, 
tend for "The Commercial World." 


This Is Ezclu 
ship, and Is, wit 

The Principal of this Department stands at 
the head of the Profession as an Artist; and 
as a Teacher of Penmanship, "he has no liv- 
ing equal," and devoteB six hours dally to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend a school wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives bis time to teaching. 
This School turns out more anlshed penmen 
than all tbe Business College Penmanship De- 
partments In the United States combined. 

the Specialty of this School of Pen- 
iMhen 1 Training, as well as the 
Of Pen Artlatn ; also Black- 

board Drill. 
Send for " T 

> Commercial i 


Eclectic School of Shorthand <fe Typewriting. 

:b contains information, regarding this 1 




• - 
& .4% 


The Above Cut was Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy Executed at the Office of The Journal and Repn 
irlety of School Certificates, Testimonials and Diplomas kept in Stock. Special Orders for Blank Diplomas 
ecuted in the Most Artistic Style. See Other Samples Elsewhere in this Issue. Special Circular Sent Free 
>r Specimen Diplomas Enclose 25 Cents. 


ents in a Reduced Form one of a 
nd the Filling of Same Promptly 
nd Estimates Civen on Request. 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 


vals, etc. The first complete 

ist.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books 

System. Only six books. 
2d— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double 

system to present abbreviated forms of capitals 
3d.— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or stretching 

to securo such results. 

4 th Beautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 

5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such wordsas " zeugma, urquesne, 

xylus, tenifly, mimetic and xuthus." . 

6th.— Each book contains four pages ot practice paper— one sixth more paper than in the books ol 

any other series and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 

7th.— Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

very attractive to the pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 


All the Copies 

of the Series 

Sent Gratis 


I| ! 

1 1 

si | 


So t 





) cfiit.s for unique card of 

ililt'-n ill numbers. 

Published Monthly 
205 Broadway. N Y. for $1 per yea: 


; Second Class Mail Ma 

NEW YORK, MAY, 1888. 

Vol. XII — No. 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 

\\ c now consider practice No. 2. In ii 
the learner, so to speak, has "caught on " 

ami is :i promising; i andidalc for proi i,,n 

and early SBiSBn raising She exercises 

No 2. the practice upon which is era h the 
that on No. 1, we inspect the prac- 

— VI - neavor In the crit 

f ) /O /-) >-, >0 >0 1 advice and 'inst'ru 

painstaking effort in practice, such as 
to tlie hand the requisite dlscipliu 

;ood, orderly writing 
With these criticisms we give the subjoin- 
ed exercises for practice willi the present 
lesson. We should he pleased to have any 
"t th.- uril.-rs lorward to us copies of their 
practice from tliese exercises, and will en- 
n the criticisms thai we may give 
lessons to convey such 
nsiructiou its may assist them 
of their several faults, 
pon the following exercises 
nd that they enter 

should he borne 
thatitisnol for a single letter only that 

these fonnsare lo be mastered bultbattbey 
r int. i ihe construction of more than 
half the letl.Ts of tin' alphabet. And 
-lythat, but the practice and disc i- 
enables the 

County, Ohio. 
November 24, 
1856. His ear- 
ly youth was 
spent like that 
of most farm- 
ers' boys. His 
being such as are usual 
unities upon the Western 
, Winter and Summer 

""-' "J''*- 

• of 


'fVsiimg further educational juivantagci 
the age of fifteen, he with a few of his asso- 
ciates, set out in a "two horse wanon" some 
twenty-five miles across the country, to 
Grand River Institute, at Austinburg, Ohio, 
then in charge of Prof. J. Tuckermau. The 
thorough training he there received was of 
much benefit in later years. 

On November, 24. 1873. his seventeenth 

birthday, he opened his first school in the 

district where an uncle of his, when 

but sixteen, had begun teaching just five 

years before. 

The thorough work done by Mr. Loomis 
and the reforms inaugurated by him, won 
for him. though but a boy, the confidence 
of the community, and not only was he re- 
peatedly urged to return and teach this 

school again, but the Superintenden 
ported him as having I lit beel school i 



Now, in viewing the above 
very apparent that the learner hasn't got the 
true spirit of the copy, in it all the strokes, 
both connecting and down, are uniform in 
slant and length as are the turns at top and 
bottom. In the practice there is no uni- 
formity in any of these respects. Right 
here are several very essential features of 
good writing— spacing, respecting which 
the hand must 1m so trained that from sheer 
force of habit it measures with 
fimniiy nil the distances in writing alike 
as to length of lines, distance of letter from 
letter and word from word, imparting to all 
uniform slant, turns, shades, etc. 

Nbn to the end thai the learner acquire 
tltll discipline lie should have had care that 
iu his practice each movement and form 
Ik- repealed in all respects with the most 
perfect precision possible with the main- 
tabling of a free movement of the hand 


that the writer of this exercise has scarcely 
had a thought as to copy or its practice. 
In such_ practice there is no discipline what- 
\ set his hand in mo- 
i and let it go. while his thoughts have 
gone skipping over a baseball ground or 
some other field of sport, and as he scrawls 
page after page with no improvement be 
consoles himself— and perhaps his parents 
and teachers console him — with the belief 
that afti rail "writing is a special gift " and 
that he in some mysterious manner was 
overlooked iu its dispensation, aud that he 
therefore cau only be a scniwler. 

The above exercises, copies 4, 5, 6 and 7 
respectively, should be practised in the 
order given. 

the previous summer, taken a four mouths' 
that branch of Mr. M. L Hubbard, 
then located at Obcrlin, Ohio. To perfect 
himself more fully, he went at the close of 
his winter school to Cleveland, Ohio, to 
avail himself for a time of the instruction of 
Mr. P. R. Spencer, then principal of the 
iship department of the Union Busi- 
College. Feltonifc Bigelow, proprietors, 
llisambition thus aroused, he determined to 
thoroughly qualify himself for a higher field 
of usefulness than his then circumscribed 
knowledge of mathematics and penmanship 
afforded him. Accordingly, in the Fall of 
187.5. he entered, at the same institution, 
upon a thorough course of book-keeping 
and business training, pursuing it most suc- 
cessfully and from which he graduated with 
high honors in March, 1876. Felt on & Spen- 
cer (P. B Spencer had now succeeced Mr. 
Bigelow) realizing the worth and accom- 
plishment of their late student, engaged his 
services as teacher of book-keeping for a 
a term thereafter. 

In the spring of 1877 Mr. Loomis accepted 
a position as teacher in theColumbus. Ohio, 
Business College, meeting with phenomena] 
success. He retired from this institution to 
take charge of the Writing and Book-keep- 
ing departments of Bryant's Business Col- 
lege, of Buffalo, N. Y. Here he remained 
four years, disclosing those qualities essen- 
tial to success in any branch of business, lo 

wit: energy, •unyielding purpose, b high 
order of talent and courteous manners. 

Attracted by these, and their previous 
knowledge of bim, Messrs, Spencer & Pel- 
ion, then conducting the Spencerian Busi" 
dbbs College of Cleveland, invited him to 
join them and he became a member of the 
urw firm ol Bpencer, Feltoo & Loomis. It 
was in tlml new field of labor that his 
strongest trnitsof character found develnp- 
i,i ( i]l Although by many years the junior 
member of the firm, he was asked to assume 
its business management and so marked 
was his success that two years later his 
partners consented to the purchase of the 
Mivhew Business College of Detroit, on the 
one condition that Mr. Loomi* would ftC. 
Cept its control. Here for the first time he 
found full scope for his powers. Within 
two years this c dlege was consolidated wHh 
the Goldsmith, Bryant & Stratton Business 
University under the present name of the 
Detroit Business University, Mr. W. F. 
Jewell. President and Mr. Loomis, Been* 
tary. I" Hie Pajl Of '37 Mr. Spencer unci 
Mr. Loomis exchanged places and the latter 
is now most ably directing the business 
management of the Spencerian Business 
College nf Cleveland, Ohio. Asa business 
educat >r. for his age, he has few equals and 

Quality— Quantity. 

The earlier years of a child's life in our 
public schools should bedevoted to "form" 
during the process of writing. Form, with 
the child, is the product of finger action, 
and in consequence is comparatively slow; 
hence we conclude that quality stands 

There can be no consideration of quantity 
without a consideration of the motive 
power which products it. Quantity conns 
from speed; and speed is produced by the 
machinery employed. The machinery em 
ployed is the larger muscles, a power which 
must of necessity remain undeveloped until 
nature has accomplished her work. Hence 
we conclude that quiiutity stands second in 
its application to children. 

We arc aware that it has been stated that 
movement can be taught to children in the 
earliest years of school life. There never 
has been ttuy question in my mind about 
teaching movement to uuy one regardlesB 
of age. The sticking point i^ in its applica- 
tion. If there is a single teacher within 
rangeofthe Jotthhax who is successfully 
applying movement, with his pupils from 5 
to 10 years of age. let it be announced to 

toil and repetition. The growth is similar 

to that of everything else, and i te can 

possess speed, who does not grow it with 
proper attention. The conditions upon 
which speed is based are many, some of 
these are being met during the earlier } ears 
of training while the child is learning not 
only the forms of letters, but how to write 
beautifully with (he various Implements 
until he can manage the pen. At the pro 
per lime the transition is easy and rapid. 
If the work done with the child is lefl un- 
done, then the process of movement cannot 
go on. What then are our conclusions V 

1st. That children from 6 and 6 to lOand 
19 years of age under favorable conditions 
cannot do more than write with their fing- 
ers, which renders quantity of secondary 

3d. That the application of movement is 
based upon the supposition of form aud 
where the latter docs noL rest the former 
can have no value. 

3d. That ina literal sense, form and move- 
ment arc not taught together. That in the 
higher conception of each, there is a blend- 
ing of the two. After movement has been 
established through the various processes 
„f its application, then aud uot till then can 
quantity lake precedent. If the training 
has been what it should be. even quantity 

Of 1861 his wells were yielding him a daily 

revenue larger than theaverage man's yearl3 

income. The first great oil well fire in the 
history of the oil regions occurred iu April. 
1801. when the Hawlcy & Merrick well sud 
denly began spurting oil and gas in such 
quantities that the nil ran to wish and 
flowed over the ground in all direction*, 
and the gas filled the air for a quarter of a 
mile around, finally reaching an engine 
house where the tire of the boiler Ignited it 
The result was acres of roaring flames, 
which enveloped the spectators that had as- 
sembled to Witness the then great novelty of 
a flowing well. How many persona were 
burned up in that awful fire wa- novel as- 
certained, but tweuiy are. known to have 
perished. II R, House was on the ground 
when the explosion occurred, and was 
burlcdinto the thickest of thecontlagration 
Two men, one of them named Uriah Smith, 
now living near Mercer, rushed into the 
terrible mass of fire, and dragged him out 
in tune Both rescuers were terribly burned, 
aud were months in recovering from lliu re- 
sults of their dating dash into thai fierce sea 
of fire and boiling oil lo rescue the oil 
prince. "House's clothing was burned rrom 
his body, which was one muss of blisterB 
His eyes weie burucd to a crisp in their 
sockets nnri his ears hand* and bnir burned 

■Yours of 80th ult. received with the 
Ames' Compendium Am more than pleated 
with the book. It is -ike The Journal 
ih, best on penmanship 1 have ever seen. 
J. (', Ulanton 

Hardeman, Oa., April 7 !, 

Handwriting Characteristics. 

There are people » ho el dm lo read men's 
characters from their writing Astbewrit- 
ing of every nation is distinguished foj car 

wrYt^ r i! t , 'h r ., l , i , s H "V.?!jrj < '" , , i ;" i .V!u .,'' ': ,'';'„!', 

large characteristics which are common to 

all men. but in different degrees, can hesccn 
in every band writing. A certain number of 

men are calm, even-lived, sensible and prac- 
tical, Men of thai class are Hlmoai certain 

to write plain, round hands in wh < h every 

letter is distinctly legible; neitliei v,t\ much 
slanted forward, nor tilled backward; uo 
letter very much bigger than its neighbor, 
nor with heads much above or tails much 
below the lexers not so distinguished; the 
letters all having about the same general up- 
rightness, and thelincB true to the edges ' f 
the paper, neither lending upward nor 

Exact, business-like people will have an 
exact handwriting. Fantastic minds revel 
iu quirks and streamers, particularly for 
the capital letters, and this quality is not in- 
frequent in certain business bauds, as if the 

ture of their work iu giving flourishes to 
certain letters Finn, decided, downright 
men are apt to hear on the pen while writ- 
ing, and to make their strokes hard and 
thick. On the contrary people who are not 
sure of themselves, and are lacking iu self- 
control, press unevenly, aud with anxious. 
looking, Bcratchy bauds Ambitious people 
are apt to be overworked, they are always 
in baste and either forget to cross their "t's" 
or dot their "i's." They are also apt to run 
the lii few letters of every word into an il- 
legible scrawl. Flurried, troubled and con 
science iwinged, persons have a crabbed and 

uneven h.uidw Ming — SI ^'ir/iolas. 

The Shortest Sentence. 
EniTon of The Jot iimal : 

Dear Sir— 1 noticed several attempts in 
Thb JorjtiNAL to coustrue l he shortest sen- 
teuce containing all the letters in the alpha- 
bet. I submit l he following, believing it to 
be shorter than any thai has ever been 
printed ; 

"J.V.Phelpand S.Z.Gib struck my fox." 

It consists of twenty-six biters and eon- 
ta:ns every letter in the alphabet. 


Hiawaina, Kan 

B. 1 1. 1 

The price of Am,.,' Best Fens is ;;:, cODtt 
lor a quarter gross box ; $1 foi ., 

the world. Let us see the results. Let us 
examine the process. Let us prove its un- 
erring power. 

I d" not believe that there is a competent 
conscientious authority in the United Stales 
who will make any such declaration. If 
movement (in its literal sense) is not taught, 
then speed is not gained. If speed is not 
retained then quantity is a dream. 

Teaching movement with its application, 
presumes many conditions, which if not 
present must result in failure. 

Movement Is the product of a million 
revolutions. If the child's structure was 
sufficiently susceptible, the lime allotted to 
the work, together with the intense repeti- 
tion necessary would debar him of success. 

All children must learn lo write through 
(lie action of the fingers, and any teach- 
er who calls for quantity docs it at the peril 
of destroying legibility. The poor writing 
in the higher grades of our public schools 
to-day is caused from attempting quantity 
through the same channel as quality. Speed 
is regarded simply as a superficial effort 
based upon a knowledge of form. Pupi's 
are expected to write lessons rapidly (be- 
cause the time demands it) without ever 
having been taught even the fundamental 
principles of speed. 

Writing rapidly with the Angers (only) 
is like traveling a long distance on fool. 
Learning lo write rapidly is a process of 

presupposes quality Quantity is the re- 
sult of systematic training and is not the 
product of spasmodic t ffort, 

With beginners, quality first, then quan- 
tity. With the more advanced quantity 
first, Iben quality. With another class 
quality and quantity are inseparable. 

Quality is produced by quantity and quan- 
tity by quality. 

Don't Drop Your Pen. 

The Warren Mail tells of a farmer of that 
county who went into a lawyer's office at 
that place a few days ago to sign some im- 
portant papers. After they had been read 
lo hiin and approved, a clerk in the office, 
in banding the farmer u pen to write his sig- 
nature, dropped it on the floor. The law- 
yer himself sprang from his chair, hurriedly 
[licked up the pen and placed it iu the far- 

"A delay of fifteen seconds, caused by 'he 
dropping of a pen with which a man was to 
sigu his name to a will, lost to Warren 
county 1100,000 once," said the lawyer. 
*and the dropping of a pen about lo he used 
has always made me nervous ami uncom- 
fortable ever since. H. It, House, of En 
terprise, this county, was one of the pioneer 
Oil operators on oil Creek, and in the spring 

Off. He wis carried to a house al B safl 
distance. The explosion occurred al Q p. m. 
and in spile of his frightful condition he 
lived until the next morning. He never 
lost consciousness, and as soon as every- 
thing that could be done for him was done, 
he began the dictation of his will. The in- 
tense agony he suffered made this a slow 
job. and when the will was finished it was 
morning. When the document was ready 
for his signature the person who had done 
the writing dipped the pen iuto the ink hot 
le, but in reaching it to the dying man's 
outstretched hand he dropped it. The pen 
rolled under the table and a delay at least 
of a quarter of a minute occurred before it 
could lie recovered. When it was found 
and placed in Mr. Rouse's hand the hand 
was powerless to use It. The brave old 
prince was dead. 

"In his will he had bequeathed the sum 
of $100,000 to the poor fund of Warren 
county. lie had also U-tt $100 each to the 
men who had preserved him from being 
cremated alive. The will being without 
his signature, was of course legally inoper- 
ative, and his heirs did not think it incum- 
bent upon them to carry out his wishes, al- 
though they were expressed under such ex- 
traordinary circumstances. The county 
lost its legacy, which was not so much to 
be wondered at, as the sum was very lar;e. 
but the nonpayment of the two $100 be- 
quests to the men who, at the risk of thiir 

own lives, had saved the unfortunate oil 

operatoi to his family, at leas' tor Christian 
burial, was long a matter of much com- 
ment in the oil regions." 

Living Monarchs of Europe. 

Queen Victoria now holds a place among 
Hie oldest sovereigns of Europe. In May 
of next year she will be seventy yean of 
age. She has been on the throne for a balf 
a century. She enjoys good bealtb and 
bids fair to live and reign for many years 
yet. If she attains the age <if her grand- 
father, George III . she will wield the scep- 
ter (barring accident) up to the year 1901. 
If at that time her son, the Prince of Wales, 
becomes King, he will have readied the 
ripe age of sixty years, and his tendency to 
baldness will, doubtless, have become more 
marked than it is now. 
Th.' run- Qenhan Emperor Frederick is 

tlfty seven years of age. and his Empress. 
Ibe daughter of Queen Victoria, is forty- 
eight. Judging from photographs, lie does 
not closely resemble his departed father in 
the face, but she looks very much like her 
mother. If Frederick should live to be as 

old as his father lie will I,,--,,- | ,|, erQ W n 

The Emperor of Russia, Alexander III , 
is forty-three years old, and mounted the 
throne after the murder of his father, seven 
years ago. 

The King of Denmark, Christian IX., is 
seventy years old. or a year older thau Queen 
Victoria, and is the second oldest monarch 
in Europe. He has wielded the scepter for 
a Quarter of a century, or just half as long 
as the British Queen. One of his daughters 
is the wife of the Russian Czar, another of 
ibem is the wife of the heir apparent to the 
British Crown, and his second son is Kin" 
of Greece. 

The King of Sweden and Norway, Oscar 
II., is in his sixtieth year, and has reigned 
for sixteen years. He has favored some re- 

The King of Portugal, Louis I., is fifty 
years old. and is a man of enterprise anil 
progress. He has been for twenty-seven 
years a king. 

The power and authority of the King of 
Spain, Alfonso XIII,, who is not yet two 
Xfai-s old, is limiled by the regency of his 

but before that he had held the throne for 
fourteen years by election as Prince Milan 
Obrenovic IV. He is the fourth of his dy 
nasty since Servia threw of the Turkish 
yoke in 1829. His predecessor was assassin- 

The reigning priuce of Montenegro is 
Nicholas I., who is forty seven years old, 
and has reigned twenty eight years. 

In Germany there are three kings and a 
grand duke besides the Emperor of Ger- 
many and King of Prussia, who are one. 
There are the K'ngof Bavnrla, the King of 
U'urlcnibiiig. the King „f .Saxony, and the 
reigning grand duke of Baden. 

There are in Europe two kiugless coun- 
tries—France and Switzerland. Both of 
these republics seem to be able to get along 
and keep the peace without the guidance of 
kings or emperors. 

The President of the French Republic, 
M. Carnot, is flf ty-one years of age, and was 
elected to office in December last. He is 
a graduate of the Polytechnic School in 
Paris, and held various offices before his | 

Woman Talk. 

Jenny Lind Goldschmidt left .55,000 
Swedish crowns , i|„. universities of Up. 
dents" '" ' Swcden ' t0 "Id poorstu- 

..Mrs Hendricks, the widow of the late 
I residmi. bus been President of the 
na Male Prison Reformatoey for four. 

In. I 

The Baroness Burdett-Coutls and some 
other philanthropic persons are about to 
establish workshop- in London, furnished 
with sewing machines, where poor seam 
stresses can go and use the machines at „ 
very low charge, 

'I he Queen of Sweden takes a very livelv 
ail. I act,,,,- interest in everything connected 
with the Sick Nui-se Institution. and a house 
is now being built in Stockholm, the King 
and Qurcn themselves ilcfrnvine. the entire 
cost The new institution will, in honor of 

thoQueen, be called the ■• Sola Home." 

,5?" W imaker, of Philadclp , „„s 

added to the Presbyterian Hospital a spa 
Clous ward for children. She said, in 'a 
letter which accompanied the keys ---I 

make the gift of this Inii g ,,,. : .„„, 

rial of my niolhcr.lluriet ICmi a !!,,,„„ ■ 

and she asks simply thai the la i which 

record, this fuel may always be preserved 

<' ■ ' 


> / y 


' y 



barring accidents) up to tbe year 1922. Un- 
Fortunately, "Unser Frit/,." us be is knowfa, 
who is greatly beloved by his people, is now 
hovering between life and death with an 
affection of tbc Ibroal very like Ibat which 
put General Grant iu bis grave. 

The King of the Belgians, Leopold II., is 
fifty-throe years old, and if he should reign 
till be reaches the age at which bis father 
died he will be King up to the year 1910. 
II. has been on the throne nearly twenty- 
three years 

The Emperor of Austria, Francis Joseph, 
i> flfty-elghi years old, and he has worn 
the imperial crown for forty-eight years. 
Mis predecessor was lii~ uncle, who abdi- 
cated the throne in his favor when but fif- 
ty-rive years of age, because be was tired 
of tbe turmoil and trouble Francis Joseph 
Is a polished scholar, a linguist, an cqucs- 
Irian, an admirer of military pomp, and a 
charmer. He is healthy, and bids fair to 
reign [or :i long lime yet. 

Tbe King of Italy, Umberto 1 is forty- 
i ■ "ir yean old, and bas worn the crown 
since tbe death of hi-- faihei , ten yean ago 
II.' i- I mi tbe second "f tbe kiogB oi l ailed 
li iU in. I li is throne is in the eternal city of 

He never saw his royal sire, 
Tbe King of Greece, or King of the Hel- 
enes, Georgios I., is forty three years of 
age. and has been king for a quarter of a 
century, or since he was eighteen, at which 
age he was elected to the Hellenic throne, 
lie finds it a hard job to rule the modern 
Greek or keep their favor. 

The sovereign or Sultan of Turkey, Ab- 
dul Hamidll.. is forty six years old, and 
succeeded to the throne twelve years ago 
when the majesty who preceded him was 
deposed. He is the twenty-eighth sultan 
since the conquest of Constantinople by the 

The King of the Netherlands, William 
III., is the oldest monarch in Europe, being 
now of tbe age of seventy-one, and entered 
upon the fortieth year of his reign ou St. 
Patrick's Day. though he is a scion of the 
royal house of Orange. Even in Holland 
the old monarch Is merry at times 

The King of Houmania, Carol I., is forty- 
nine years of age, and was proclaimed king 
only seven years ago, but before that time 
be bad been for fourteen years tbe domnul 
of his subjects 

The King of Servia, Milan I., is thirty- 
four, and WM crowned only six years ago, 


election r as President. 
38,000,000 people in the French republic. 
In the Republic of Switzerland tbe high- 
est official of the government is tbe Presi- 
dent of the Federal Council, who is elected 
by the Federal Assembly, holds office for 
the term of oDe year, and enjoys a salary of 
|3,000 per annum. The President for the 
present year is Mr. W. F. Hertenstein. A 
President is not eligible to re-election uniil 
a year after the end of his term of office.— 
Boston Transcript. 

Miss Corinne Cohn, the six year old 
daughter of Prof. Henry Cohn of Chicago, 
is said to speak German, French, English, 
and Volapuk fluently. 

With roee- like cot< 
.Vhtleln the west th 
And douds huDg II 

Bright with 
•\jr, though with straining, 

Only grief-laden elutuls ,'i|ipe;inil 

-, KliirimjBly ulear, 
sua had sunk from Bight, 
B a pall upon a bier, 
darling, when you died, 
y that I could not see; 

dimmed eyes I 

Dr.Aliee Bennett has charge of the female 
department of (be Pennsylvania Stale Hos- 
pital for the Insane, N'orristown. for Girls are a ncei-."H> 
in providing forlbc future. Tbe women of 
Kansas led by Mrs Rastall, W. C. T. U.. 
State President, and Mrs. Thurston, of 
Topeka, have secured an appropriation 
from the Legislature. Colorado women are 
organized for a similar purpose. 

In Wyoming, where women have voted 
since 1869, it is expressly provided by law 
that there shall be no discrimination on 
account of sex in tbe pay for any kind of 

"Lazy" Monks' Smart Pens. 

Before printing was ever dreamed of, the 
so-called " lazy "monks had actually writ 
ten, in almost imperishable and illuminated 
characters, 80 000 volumes now in tbe Bib- 
liotheque National* of Paris; 100.000 vol- 
umes in the library of tbe British Museum; 
20.000 in the Royal Library of Munich ; 
30,000 in the Bodleian Library of Oxford, 
and 25,000 in tne Vatican Library, besides 
innumerable great collections in Ibe various 
monasteries and religious bouses in Rome 
and throughout Europe —JW/re Dame Scho- 

Leading penmen are warm in their praises 
Of Ames' Best Pen. Have you tried it V 
Thirty-five cents a box. 

%|>'{ of ^ftoHoqjttt^j 


thOUSilDds Of 

them) will be in- 
terested to know 
that a few com- 
plete files of TnE Journal containing tlie 
shorthand lessons are still on baud anil for 

illi . 

2 Of < 

These leseona began 
tober 188U, and were ended with the issue 
or February, 1888. The two succeedii g 
numbers contained much supplemental in- 
formation and reading matter of value to 
shorthand students and they will be includ 
ed in the completesets. Theprice forlhe 
set mailed, postpaid, with handy binder 
(price 75 cents), ready for binding, is $3; 
without hinder, $1.50. First come firs! 
served, and the supply is very limited. 

These lessons cover the whole ground Of 
phonography. The initial lesson .is sub- 
stantially reprinted in this number for the 
benefit of beginners. They arc absolutely 
the only publication extant that teaches 
shorthand as Mr. Muoson writes it. They 
lions from his own pen, illustrating the 
latest additions to his system (not contained 
in the " Complete Phonographer ") also 
court note; by him, suggestions as to trans- 
cribing with the typewriter, etc. 

Try Your Hand on Munson 
The Jouhnal offers an elegant, phouog- 
rapher's fountain pen to the shorthand 
student or practitioner (teacliers barred) 
who will send it the best page of Munson 
phonographic script before July I, to be 
engraved for publication. From 300 to 500 
words will be about the ripht length, In 
preparing the ropy, the script in "A Ser- 
mon," printed in Thk Jouhnal for April, 

will serve as a good guide as to size, spac- 
ing, distance between lines, etc , after en- 
graving. But the original copy must be 
considerably larger, and to get the best ef- 
fect should lie twice a* large. Thai is, the 

. bar: 

l,i In 

spacing and distance between lines twice as 

Copy must be executed in jet black ink 
(india ink is by far the best.) Both the 
neatness of the work and the correctness of 
the writing will be taken into consideration 
in awarding the prize. The next best spec- 
imens (two or three of them perhaps) will 
also be engraved for publication in The 

Shorthand Writers and Teach- 

The portrait which appears in the center 
' page is a very faithful likeness of 

is [, II Packard, autlioi ol the """■' 

orthand lessons printed in Thk J. 

The . dib>r has had occasion before to ex- 
press himself with regard to these lessons. 
Hundreds who have profited by them will 
agree that they have been clear, concise, 
logical, thorough. And they are of a piece 
with the work and life and charactei of their 

Mrs Packard dues nothing by halves. To 
whatever she may have in hand she brings 
a zeal and earnestness and devotion to de- 
tail that enchains attention ai.d euinmaiiiS 
success. Though the labor may involve 
distasteful details aDd a degree of drudgery 
she is none the less faithful, therefore none 
the less successful. Shorthand teaching 
has 1,,'en tier work for some years. 

Mrs. Packard is a woman with the rare 
inspiration „f common sense and the gen- 
ius of fidelity. The combination never 

Short Stems. 

—The latest candidate for public favor in 
the way of a type-writing machine is the 
Morris type-writer. It is the invention of 
Robert Morris, of Kansas City, and is man- 
ufactured by a company at New Haven, 
Conn. Like the Hall the typewriter re- 
ceives ink without a ribbon. 

—A portrait of Thomas Pinkney, Presi- 
dent of the Canadian Shorthand Society, 
Toronto, is in the front of the Cosmopolitan 
Shorthaixhr for April. 

—The Student's Journal for February bus 
an interesting sketch of the veteran short- 
hand reporter and journalist .William An- 
derson. A portrait is also given. 

—Rev, F. G. Morris' Mentor, Easthamp- 
ton, Mass., comes to us again, brighter and 
betterlhau ever. The current issue is num- 
ber 10, and the editor aunouncestbat he will 

—The Centotype is soon to be placed on 
the market by the inventor of the Hall 
type-writer. It will be very much 
same principle as that machine, with many 
promised improvements. 

— The Journal will show more Phono- 
graphic faces in this department soon. 

—Humphrey's Phonographic and Type- 
writing Institute has removed from Pougb- 
keepsie to 1,009 Arch street, Philadelphia. 
The school is, we are glad to learn, in a very 
flourishing way. 

— The much heralded, much lied about 
Michela reporting machine has proven a 
failure in the Italian Senate, where it was 
officially adopted. Pencils will have a 

—Apropos of the Dement-Irland speed 

performance. shoTiband journals the coun- 
try over are trotting out their champions. 
YW Sh,., i>„,„, I s> • 

with Mr. Qeoi 

es its readers wrote 20? words 

a minute on five minute tests. The Phono- 

graphic lii>-»ni,r i« g.nds Thomas Alien Heed 
as the ■' boss" still. Perhaps bis best re- 
cord was 213 words a minute for thirty suc- 
cessive minutes — and he correctly trans- 
cribed them. James E. Munson. the author 
of the system which TnE Journal teaches, 
reported the celebralid Becchcr-Tilton trial 
for the New York Stin, Any one who has 
ever essayed court work knows that excited 
lawyers often soar well above 200 a minute 
and keep it up. Mr Munson's verbatim re- 
ports were trait ttcribrd f<a- press from bis 
original notes by girls, without his assist- 
ance. Talk about your records ! 

— The last number of The Jouhnal con- 
tained a reading lesson in Phonographic 
script equal in length to six pa-rc- <>t the 
" Complete Phonographer," Shorthand 
students will find it very interesting. 

—Will the shorthand work of The Jour- 
nal be continued? A great many anxious 
people have made that inquiry of late. 
Does this number look as though we had 
thrown it ovei? We dare say not, and do 
not intend to doso. It would be a pity if 
the only paper which exemplifies Munson's 
phonography according to its author were 
compelled to go out of (he business. 

didn't enter th.- field t-> hank a cheap and 
tliin-v article. We asked for the best, pro- 
curable and got it The bast is the cheap- 
est, and a long way the most satisfactory. 

The list given on page (iil includes the most 
important because the most frequently re- 
curring words that arc likely to conflict un- 
less distinguished by difference of outline, 
position, or vocalization It would be ini. 

possible as well as useless to make a ffst 
that would cover all contingencies. Thomas 
Allen Peed says in one of his talk.- recently 
published in TbbJoubnal- "lam dis- 
posed to think thai ll is possible for any 
two words however dissimilar in character 
or meaning to be so placed as to render it 
difficult 1" tell by the context which is 

intended. " If the writer of phonography 
will learn the words here given, he will only 
occasionally encounter other words that arc 
in danger of being misread These after a 
little experience he will discover at the 
moment of writing and provide for any pos- 
sible error in transcription. To quote from 
Mr. Reed again. "It is astonishing how 
•readily the mind when alert, perceives the 
necessity for some such distinction even 
when the hand is following a rapid speaker, 
and how quickly some method is extempor- 
ized for making it. But if the reporter 
hIIows bis attention to relax and writes in a 
mechanical way, without thinking of the 
sense, he is likely to drop into one of these 
pitfalls, of the existence of which he is made 
painfully aware when he comes to trans- 
cribe his notes, and cannot for the life of 
him tell which of the two should be written. 
He has never, perhaps, found any difficulty 
with them before, hut uow it stares him 
the face, and he knows not bow to meet i 
he can only guess and hope be has guessed 

rightlj ■ 

If the learner will at the beginning of his 
advanced practice so familiarize himself 
with this list as never to be in doubt whethei 
any word may belong to it ; and refer to it 
whenever occasion requires as to corrcc 
forms, he will not need to go through tin 
tedious process of commit ling it to memory 
the number of words to be distinguished 
The list is not as difficult as it looks, and 
witb the right kind of practice will easily 
be mastered. It is given only in the hopt 
that the learner may get from it what he 
would otherwise be obliged to learn from 
experience, which is said to "teach slowly 
and at the cost of mistakes." 

It will be noticed that in htreto&nd whereto, 
to is indicated by halving as it is in phrases. 

Note. — It is unfortunate thatsome words 
can be written several ways and still violat 
no principle of phonography. Often on 
outline has a decided advantage ove 
another in brevity, ease of writing, or in leg 
bility, in which case it is easy to choose the 
better form. Again, two outlines may be 
equally good. Then one must be ch 
and the other discarded absolutely. To 
vacillate between two outlines for the same 
word at a critical moment is disastrous 

Hooks and Crooks. 

An article in an exchange beaded "What 
the Type-writer is Doing," doesn't state the 
fact that it is exposing-the poor spelling of 
many operators, as well as their ignorance 
of punctuation and the use of capital let- 

t.i. r- ■■Xorrixhncn //. r.thi. 

The 1 

f s, ■,• 

In the future, when a reporter goes armed 
with a vest pocket detective camera and an 
improved Edison pocket phonograph, the 
public man who gets himself interviewed 
for the purpose of denying the interview, 
will disappear from sight. — Philadelphia 


It is just as hard for the man who em- 
ploys a stenographer to refrain from cas- 
ually alluding to it, as it is for a woman to 
fasten the top button of her newmarket 
when there is a diamond pin at her throat. 

A recent young lady graduate of a Chica- 
go shorthand school, who has started a class 
in shorthand in a country town in Minne- 



after a 
little over three months' instruction, which 
she considers "remarkable progress for the 

have writen 210 words per 

devoted.'' Not at all, it 
cni.UL'h in Chicago, and in Philadelphia. 
too, to turn out pupils in from six to eleven 
days who write 21 1 and .'1 1 % words a min- 
ute. Num.- Qosmopolitan Shorthandcr. 


lev. 'land, Ohl<> 

One Of th' 1 largest aild 

-|,IT|..-| I. Hi '- l'[ I if Sin, 

[IuikIu'iIs ..( students in attendance. More' I iH.siti-m* tli.' nnsl nmnth. i>» m- 

r.ition- lifiiutifiil 'iiv I" sprint Hie xummcrln. 

ivi ii-li'i' I--"..,,- in !-l'eu.-.Ti;i» ' • ■\Wz- fro. I.. 

-1 In.iid -tiid.-Mv s,i,d [..vslM.rtl 1 Pntal. .true. 

Seven Solid Statements 

genuine Self iustl il 

i,ic Style >>l Hi"li> nrpiotiy 

Xhe book is ootthen 
' ap by othe 

ns by mail " but it 

be followed up by other bool 

■anj."-d that nai'ilslii sebuola 

, [iliiinn^r»l'!iei>. the price of the book 
1*2.00. G. I'. Putnam"* BOM, N« 


Shorthand writers of Benn Pitman. Browne or 
Graham Systems can Increase their speed materi- 
ally in a short time. For parttci 



nrthy student guar- 
'horthand School in 
: best aoeommoda- 

cnilive positions 

-inn jut m.intb. aena y 

l;i-Hri Hint' study at un<-e 
1IOHK, [ Mm 
UY-t.'iTi Nwnnal 1. 1. llr^'.-. 

fin in |ile;isiint mil r 


|»l.te,„r Pari I ^c-Ms, Part II. ?,,:,-,/ IjUflH 
I'V mail ; trial lessen and circular free 


SHORTHAND thoroughly taught 




Shorthand Writing 

taught by mail. The best system and thorough 
instruction. Send slump fur pamphlet and sped- 
>f writing. 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

1 ' "3 is ' mule and Reliable. Send stamp for a 

E-pago Circular. Machines sent on trial. 

V. S. MiMM.iaui CO., 

St. Louis, Ho. 

Il-K pj cw York Agency. 2i t'stus Scjuaue. 








Willi :t f:iir knowledge of English anil an 
honest desire to leiirn. any person of orril- 
miry ability should be able to master pho 
OOgrapby, and to iillnin sufficient speed 
(herein to make good use of it in businrss. 
It can be learned from imnKv alone, but 
much time may he saved and discourage- 
ment avoided by baring a competent teach- 
er. The lessons here given are intended to 
help tiiose who are wilhout a teacher. Tliey 
do not seek to supercede the text hook 
hut to supplement it. The system used 
is Munson's, and the principles arc those 
laid down in the Munson text-book, which 
it would be well for the student to possess. 

Aside from the text-book the oDly mate- 
rials required are a pencil, or pCD. and ink 
and paper. If a pencil is used, the paper 
should be neither too bard uor toosmooih 
but willi a surface that will sufficiently re- 
sist the point. For pencil writing, report- 
er's note books containing ninety-six pages, 
ten inches long and four inches wide, may 
he bought for from 60 to 75 ceDts a dozen. 
They are bound in brown paper, open at the 
ends and ruled in red. Red ruling is pref 
erahlc to blue. A pad or loose sheets of 
paper may be used instead of the book, but 
if desirable to preserve the work for refer- 
ence the book is better. The pencil should 
be so soft that a shaded stroke can be mnde 
with as much case and speed as a light one. 
A good gold pen with fountain attachment 
is better than a pencil, though most learners 
and many reporters use the pencil. A fine 
steel peii should never be used. It is well 
to practice with both pen and pencil. The 
ink should be dark, without sediment, and 

I the best t 

nils i 

nportam to 

devote a certain lime to the study each day 
It is far belter to study or practice fifteen 
minutes a day than to study three hours 
at one time and then lay aside the book for 
a week. The ucce*sily for much careful 
reading cannot he too strongly urged. 
Many would-be learners have failed to mas- 
ter the art because they did not understand 
the value of reading. If the perfect forms 
become familiar before you attempt, to 
write without a copy, you will not only 
make fewer blunders but be able lo see 
yMiir blunders and correct them, This is 
imporlaut if you have no teacher toexamine 
your work, Acquire a habit at the outset of 
making the consonant outlines exact in 
length and curve and of placing the vowels 
properly. You should have no thought of 
speed in writing, neither should you allow 
your pencil to slop midway in writing a 
word to consider how it is to he finished. 

your miud before you begin to write it, then 
write wilhout halting Let all thinking be 
done between words. Do not make heavy 
strokes tirstlight and shade them afterward; 
hut siiiidf with a single slioke, and write a 
shaded stroke jusi as quickly asa light one. 
If you caunot do this after a little practice 
your materials are not what Ihey should be. 
A. slovenly, carelo>8 style of writing nl the 
beginning will lend in serious trouble in <}•■ 

ciphering illegible phonography as you ad- 

1. In phonography each sound has a char- 
acter to represenl it The consonant sounds 
aie represented by straight and curved 

strokes, the long vowel- by heavy dots and 

dashes, the short vowels bj lighl dots and 

da-he-, the diphthongs l>> two da-hes 


\p \ B ^r ^v ^n wH. 

U lo Cn (« — -" 

/• A )i )* ~>w n 

_* —o .J* J& tn <y^\ 

4. Words to illustrate the sounds of the 
vowels and diphthongs: 

fs>rir/ mwels.— Pa mode me all those 

s!„;t nuriln —A\u\ set it on Sum's 

Dipththongx — M// )c//s how few, 
B, Study the consonant stems, bearing in 
mind that these characters as well as the 
vowel si;:ns represent sounds, not UtU TA 

0. While the consonant sounds have each 
an exact representative, the vowel scale is 
not perfect, though sufficient for practical 

a. The third heavy dot representsthe 
sound of e in me, and of ea in hear, 

b. The first light dot represents the 

<\ The second light dot representsthe 
sound of e in met, e in her, i in sft\ 
7. Consonant stems hav; 1 three positions: 

(I) above the line, (2) on the line, (3) through 

or under the line. 


..\...L..^.. ™. ,..^...,^.. 


8, Vowels and diphthongs have three 
places: (I) at the beginning, (2) middle, aud 
(3) end of the 

Xi\ f ^ 

9. The position of the consonant stem 
determined by the place of the vowel 

^ \X 



10. In words having two om 
sounds, the accented vowel governs the po- 
sition of the consonant stem. 

11, When you have become somewhat fa 
miliar with the consonant stems, vowels 
and diphthongs, and have learned to asso- 
ciate them with the sounds they represent, 
translate Lesson I. The translation should, 
he made in writing. If the reporter's note 
hook is used, two columns of words may 
be written on each page. Beginning on 
first page, write on alternate pages, and 
when they are full, turn the book so as to 
bring ihe blank pages next you. and write 
through again in the same manner, Thus 
there will be no space wasted aud no neces- 
sity for moving or folding the book at evi ry 
change of page. Copy each phonographic 
character precisely as you find it as to size, 
shading and position, and wrile the long- 
hand equivalent after it. Write the sen 
tooces at the end of the lesson across the 
page on alternate lines with the translation 

18. Do not copy a phonographic outline 
until you know what word it represents, 
else you will be likely to write it Incor- 

13 Always write the consonants first. 

14. Write horizontal stems from left to 
right, /.and the straight stem for 11 up 
wan], (A'i- written at an angle of 80° from 
the line to distinguish it from OB), all the 
other stems downward. 




i-i V rj -^--^ 

LA-l.L.1-1 x..±A 


.X.^....V.s < ....^.X..y|..-T 

A_- An or And The ......Ah 

O Oh or Owe ./ .. Awe ..... I 

v r ■-■-i~->. ) 

A " Ticker " that Ticks. 
The combination of a typewriter and or- 
dinary telegraph instrument by means of 
which a typewritten copy may be made bj 
sinking the keys of the instrument at the 
other end of the wire, has been invented by 
.1, W. Winville The transmitting machine 

also makes a copy of the message. The 
promoters of the machine intend that it 

shall take the place of the telcpl a nfi 

business men Unlike the broker's "ticker," 
it prints on a broad sheet, and its messages 
are absolutely secret, as the tending Opera- 
tor can cut all the Instruments out o( a cir- 
cuit, except the one upon which be desires 
to record ihe message. The receiving ma- 
chine works automatically. Any one who 
can work a typewriter can send s mess ig» 
ComopoUtan Shorthand*- 


in-tru.-i,,! i„ Mniis..i, - - -iliiinfl wmltl like ;( 

"J .""■' Beat nf reffreuee given. Addr**- 

H.. care Tub .Iouknal 


4£j?*££jtft£ *j* 

Standard Typewriter. 


F1NKST 1,1 
We guarantee the superiority i 
Buy them with the PRIVILEGE I 
them unbroken lit any lime within :tn days C. O. D. 
for full price paid if not ABSOLUTELY SATIS- 
illustrated pamphlet anil -ample boob or papers on 

327 Broadway, New York. 


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201 Washington St. 





it Building. 
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he beat Typewriter for office work wli 

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Awarded the only Gold Medal. 

The Hammond Typewriter Co,, 

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I where a really 
an he ubtaluecf. 


The Editor's Leisure Hour 

I among Thr 

fcr , ' :r:r "S£~» thousands of 
! mfc && readers there 
F » ^J^ are some who 
can correct lv 
place the lit 
ty quotations 
which will be 
found below. 
^^SJ But who art' 

these persons? Tliat is what we would like 
io know. It will be worth a year's sub- 
scription to the first person who semis us a 
correct list, making time allowance ol 
course, for distance. 

This is such a literature lesson, perhaps, 
as Thb Journal's readers have not had in 
a long time. One bus to be pretty well 

i L'O Hirnll^ll I 

without an error. The quotations were ar- 
ranged by the New York Commercial Ad- 
vertin r Wlio wrote them ? 

I. The glory that was Orcece 

Ami Tin- (.Tiitnlriir Miat \v:i- U ■ 

■• A i'nwsli|i liy Ihe river's brim 
A yellow cowslip was to him, 
And It was nothing more. 

3. Woodman, spare that tree. 

1 Virtue is her own reward. 

5. They lauph that win. 

6. Sparr tin' (ml grid spoil the child. 

7. God favors the heaviest battalions. 

8 sternal rinl'anoe is the prloe of liberty. 

13, I came, I saw, I oonqnei ed 

13. When found, make a note of. 

14. Sparkling and bright. 

I*i Tlii'irs not in make reply, 
Their* not to reason why. 
Theirs but to do and die. 

tfi Tin m sayst mi undisputed thing 

ir. All mankind luve u Inyer. 

. Ne; 

e like y 

And atill »•' litimi- to roost 

. Truth crushed to earth -lull rise ngiiin 
. He butlded belter than he knew 
. O, for the touch of a vanished hand, 

Ami the Bound of a voice that Is still T 

Tin* heating of my own heart 

Was all the sound I heard. 
. "Will you walk into my parlor*'* 

Said the spider to the lly, 
. standing with reluctant feet 

\V and I iiinl fliildli.iiid iWt.. 

[\, serve the llevil in. 

v thing of bt aoty [a a jo 

lilt evil is wrollldll by v 

belong the spoils 6 

I. Don't give up tlie ship. 

She bad a frugal mind. 
. Breathes there* man with -,,ul s 
Who never to blmaelf as mi 
This is my own, my native honl 
Three label - wenl Bailing 
Out Into the west. 
il.. lit thefort, i"i i am coming. 

•rile ii 

Wlm I, 

. aunlghi i DoUai 

si, is 

The Hen and Bgg Question. 

Now here is another and an easy one. 
Hut it has been making a deal of fun for the 
readers of the daily papers. The proposi- 
tion is If a hen and a-lmlf lay an egg-and- 

a-hftlfio a day-and-a-half, in.w many eggs 
Would nil -and -a-half hens lay in seven and- 
a-halt days: 

A little simple problem ol this sort of 
course will uol bother the bright youog 

people who read The JofJRHAl, Send In 
your answers. No algebra. The ben in 
question b a plain, every day barnyard hen, 
with no pretensions to auxiliary T's ami en 
. Hit iints (though it must be admitted that 
she kuows a thing or two about eggs, if uot 
about 87s.) 

Maxim Milan ami Carlotn. 

The Emperor gave early attention to 
the condition of the 6.000,000 Indians 
included in the population of his Em 
pire. and took measures to better 
their condition. He issued a decree 
emancipating the peons — the victims of a 
curious system of slavery peculiar to Mexi- 
co — which, however, proved ineffectual in 
the end, though it showed the excellence of 
his motives and that he was not the despol 
he is so often accused of being. His govern- 
ment was absolute monarchy, it is true, but 
it was scarcely more autocratic than the re- 
public which preceded it or that which now 
exists in Mexico. In the extent of llieir 
charities the young sovereigns were not to 

gle sitting, although he polished it later in- 
to its present form. And what la true of 
thai one poem applies 1o hundreds of other 
short productions of great minds. A penful 
of ink can do much and has done much Id 
making the world's history, but that pencil 
can do more, for it is as the bottle is to the 

to thes 

, let us see how and why 

There is a singular thing about this 
moisture, which is this, the air will hold 
only a certain quantity of it, and 
that quantity depends upon the temper, 
ature of the air. But warm air always 
holds more than cold ; so, however 
warm the air may be, or however much 
moisture it may contain as invisible vapor, 
we have only to cool it enough and the 
vapor condense, as we say ; that is, it be- 
comes risible, first as fog or mist, and then 

trjf r erase at erWcttiDrt rjaa 
not altme suffered lip tlje lusa 
of rjtnt ratja Ijas torrotujrjt eo 
enmeetltj trrrmtijli 00 mump 
-rjearB in its beet beljalF, bat 
trjr rummumt^ n& well, lias 
been orprturo 01 


jMftP; estimable; ei^ijZjfjMjsv 

tarjrw mtlu interest at all times teas for 

tlje best public; as tuell as trje best pri- 

toate benefit, nub toijo rja6 but one mission nptm 

eartktn sertre fuf rjfulljJ tFje tSau ctno generation 

mutjitrli tje Liuei,ani trj-10 be bib itttlje ralbtesa 


be outdone. The amount of mouey ex- 
pended in public and private benevolence. 
could it be estimated, would astonish the 
reader. Among the lasting monuments to 
the goodness of Carlota's heart, is the Casa 
dt BfaU rnidad (lying-in hospital), in the city 
of Mexico, built and equipped at her ex- 
pense. This excellent, charity alone would 
justify the love displayed and still existing 
lor the beautiful but unfortunate Empress, 
—Arthur Howard Noll, in Th< American 
Magaainefor April. 

Have you ever held an uncut lead pencil in 
your hand and allowed your Imagination to 
revi'l in the possibilities ol that liillc pice 
of wood? In hands of those entirely great. 
how much that small piece of cedar and 
lead can do I Without resbarpening, It can 
voice the sentiment of some political jour- 
nalist in a paragraph which may change 
the course of bis party, bring new men and 
new measures before the country and per- 
haps change its form of government. With 
an inch or so ol it '" Thauatopsis " could 
have been created for the story goes 
that the school boy Bryaut wrote it at a siu- 

as drops of water, such' as we sec on the 
pitcher. And the reason we see a white fog 
rising at night, after the sun goes down, is 
only because the water, which has been 
evaporating all day and going up into the 
air as invisible vapor, becomes condensed to 
fog by the cooling of the air when the Bun's 
heat is withdrawn. When ihe sun rises, 
the fog disappears ; but the vapor still 
ascends, and when it reaches the altitudes 
where the air is always cool, it becomes 
condensed again as fog, only it is then 
called " clouds " And if it becomes con- 
densed enough to form in drops of water, 
they fall, and it "rains"; or perhaps, it 
snows, for snow is but frozen rain —From 
" What Makes It Rain V by George P. 
Merrill, in St. Nicholas for April, 

Cartagena Harbors. 

Out of the shadow some enterprising men 
bad constructed, with the aid of two or 
three chairs and several pairs of shears, a 
barber's shop al fresco ; and asses and 
asses antl peasants, us I hey traveled in and 
out through the city gate stopped at this 
establishment to be shaved. For it is an 
imporlant ilem in the care of Spauish don 

keys that they should be shaved as to tin- 
back in order to make a smoother resting. 
place for a man or pannier. So while the 
master held lln animal, one of the barbers 
plied some enormous clacking shears, and 

littered the ground with mouse colored hair, 

leaving the beast's belly fur covered below 
a fixed line, and for a small additional price 
executed a raised pattern of star points 
around the neck. The tonsorial profession 
is an indispensable one in a country where 
abaving the whole race is so generally prac- 
ticed among all the humbler orders not to 
mention toreros and ecclesiastics. But the 
discomfort to which the barber's customers 
submit is astonishing, 

Personification of the Rainbow. 

The rainbow is one of the atmospheric 
phenomena that have been most generally 
personified. Peoples of almosl everj part 
of the world have made of it a living and 
terrible monster whose most venial offense 
is thai of drinking up the waters of springs 
and ponds. This belief is found among the 
Burmese, Zulus, Indians of Washington 
Territory, ancient Mexicans, and Finns, 
and exists among the popular fancies of the 
Slavs and Germans, and some of the French 
populations. The ZuIub and the Karens of 
Burinah imagine that the rainbow spreads 
sickness and death. The Karens, when 
they see one, say to llieir children: "The 
rainbow has come down to driuk; do not 
pluy, for fear that harm may come to you!" 
Very singularly, too, the street boys in Vol- 
hynia run away, crying, "Run, it will 
drink you up I" In Dahomey, t lie rainbow 
is regarded as a heavenly serpent. Bank, 
which insures happiness. The modern 
Greeks bold it to be a beneficent but just 
and severe hero; they say that anyone who 
jumps over a rainbow will change sex at 
once; but this saying, which is also current 
in Alnsce, is only a picturesque way of in- 
dicating the impossibility of transforming a 

Tlirll,.|i,n>„ll,.ml,. u l iw ton,,, milling 

ills of their temples. The GsflrHM eon- 
siili'i'c.l it- appearance 011 the sea a favorable 
presage; but on the earth its influence was 
pernicious and they bid from its view. It 
was personified by a viper. — From "Primi- 
tive Worship of Atmospheric Pherumn na,"by 
Count Qdblet d' Afoielta, in Popular Sfcfcna 
Monthly for May. 

The average child, returning from school, 
on entering the house calls, "Mamma!" 
The mother, perhaps, replies, " Yes!" 
•'Where are you?" is the next question, end 
ihe reply Informs the child not only as to 
the fioor, but as to the room in which the 
mother can he found. The child cannot de- 
termine its mother's local ion by the sound 
of her voice. This exaggerated instance 
may be owing to the reflection of the sound, 
not only from the walls, hut from the strata 
of air differing in temperature and humid- 

How many of us going to the next street, 
running at right angles to the car tracks, 
can tell, from hearing the bell of the ap- 
proaching street-ear before the car comes Id 
sight, whether thai car is going north or 
south? It, does not seem that animals can 
determine the direction of sound much I"' 
tar than man. The sleeping dog roused hy 
his masler's call, is all abroad as to his mas- 
ter's location, and determines it by sight or 
-scent, or both, frequently running in sev- 
earl different directions la-fore hitiing ihe 
right one. The deer, on being startled bj 
the unseen hunter's trend, is not always 

right in his selection of Ihe mute to get OUl 
of harm's way. A Hock of geese, ducks, or 
other birds, on hearing a gun, is as likely to 
lly toward as from the spoilsman, if he has 
kept entirely out of sight, and the Hash of 
his piece has not been seen —From "Sound 

Signals at Sea," by Arnold Burget Johnson 
n Popular Sriena Monthly for May, 

Everybody is pleased with our new Pre 

mium Schedule. Its inducements an- such 

that Hoy can't help being, The full Hbi is 

in the February number, ami you I" tllcl 

keep a copy f or reference, \YY can lend 

you an extra copy fur ten Cents. 


Penman's Art Journal 




The Journal's General Agent for Canada ix A.J. 
Small, whoee heailqnartert are 18 Grand Opera 
House. Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary " Circle </. 
la Salle," Quebec, (P. 0. Box 164), I* special agent fo> 
that city and vicinity. The International Newt, Co., 
11 Bouverie Street [Fleet Street), London, are It* 
foreign agenU. 

The Journal's Literary Prize. 

Here is a chance for TbbJoubhai.'b read- 
en of literary tendencies. We offer for tlie 
best original story or sketch that shall be 
received at our office before August 1st the 
sum of $10 cash. 

The writer may choose his or her own 
subject. The article may be a descriptive 
piece, a narrative of fact or purely the 
product of imagination. It must not exceed 
3,000 words, nor be less lhau 1,500. 

If more than one acceptable article be re- 
ceived as the result of the contest, such as 
the editor deems tit will be printed and suit- 
able compeusatiou given. Of course if no 
article worthy of The Jouhnal'b columns 
is received, no money will be paid- All re- 
jected articles will be returned. 

This is a good chance for an ambitious 
young person, and who knows but it may 
start some struggling, deserving boy or girl 
on the road to fame and fortune as a writer"' 

The only condition that we make is thai 
the competition is limited to subscribers for 
Tire Jouunal. 

Editorial Comment. 

The GENIAL philosopher from Keokuk 

sheds more electric light in this number 

on the much vexed, over-perplexed ques- 


r.F»uNS iv Practical 

. Liiomis 
ij Shortest Sentence 


; (.'jtrlJiL-'frui Hm Ih-t.v (Vrsuiiili 
eatlnn of the Rainbow; The Dine ion of 

The J. .unit's lit.'i.u, I'm,-.- Phil.. *,.[,),!,■ 

An 'UnJiinV sii(igi.'*lnni hs to Writing 

A Note from ilrs. Packard r:t 

Tub Editor's Calendak ~,i 

Magazines; Books. 

W. P. A. Committee Meeting ~:i 

Personal 7:j 

Tin- It E A of A .with Nnic lioin Mr. Packard 71 

The American Language M 

The Editor's Scbap-Book.. ;i 


PuoNOQRAruic Advertisements ix 70 

General Advehtiskjientb .;, 80 

(Jenerai, Miscellany. 

Portrait of Henry T I.oon.U (i6 

Exercises mnl r„ ,,,,■. f,„ Wntiu- I ,--,,(, {,:. 

FL.unsh l.v ' I" Ziiiiit tjii 

Engiave.l Letter L.y II '[' l.o.-inis i;; 

l'..rtraH »i Mis I. II Packard i> 

Words I>elhiL-m.|„,l hill nagn U!l 

« »ih>.T PI ographto Sorti i 70 

P. Zant-r, C. 

i nni/ OUT FOR the next 

II K number of THE JOUR- 
LUU, » NAL. Some Literary 
Features will be added, and it 
will be one of the Most Attractive 
editions ever brought from the 
Press You will find some ques- 

Page 7 1 of this 

je. Let us h 

n as possibli 

The signature attached to Mr. Loomis' 
specimen in this issue, we are informed by 
that gentleman, is a facsimile of the auto- 
graph of the late President Garfield, written 
for Mr. Loomis on January 28, 1881. 

We have received and* had pleasure hi 
examining the ti-st number of the weekly 
Pen Art Hertild, published by W. D. BbO- 

walter, Cleveland. Ii is small and compact, 
which is a great deal better then being 

large I sprawly. The experiment is a 

unique one and we wish it success. 

The SCHOOL convention season draws 
near. The annual meeting of the National 
Educational Association will be held at Sim 
Francisco, from July 17 to 21. and the out- 
look is for a larger and more euthusiaslic 
session than has ever been known. The at- 
tractions of atrans-ceutiueutu) trip (doubly 
attractive with the price of travelling fare 
put down to about the u-ual cost of a jour- 
ney between New York and Chicago) will 
induce the attendance of many Eastern 
educators who would scarcely have put 
themselves out to go to some intermediate 
point of no particular interest. The Jouk 
nal will not fuil to be represented at this 

We print elsewhere the official 
ment of the next (tenth) annual meeting of 
the B. E. A., at Minneapolis. The plan of 
campaign outlined is a departure from old 
methods and. we think, a departure for 

here, and the city has witnessed a most 
marvellous growth in population and activ- 
ity during the past few years. Among l lie 
interesting natural features may he men- 
tioned the popular lakes. Minnetonka and 
White Bear, the Falls on Minnehaha, and 
in close proximity, the Dalles of the St. 
Oroil, the I>ells of the Wisconsin, the 
Apostle Islands, etc., etc. The city will 
count itself highly favored in having so 
distinguished a body of business men and 
teachers within its borders, and will en- 
deavor to make some slight return for the 
honor conferred upon it in its selection foi 
the meeting. " 

Since MB labi issue of The Journal 
the editor has spenl some days in Toronto 
Canada, on professioiml business. It was his 
first visit for twenty years and he was sur- 
prised at the great progress outlined in the 
evidences of wealth and thrift to be seen 
everywhere in the city. While there he he.d 
the pleasure of addressing the students of 
that flourishing institution of commercial 
training, tlie Turon'u BubIukki GoTtc^c 
The following account is from the Toronto 
Daily Mail.-— 

"A large and appreciative audience at- 
tended the lecture given to the students of 
the Toronto Business College, on Wednes- 
day evening in their lecture room, corner of 
Yonge ami Shuter streets, the lecturer being 
D. T. Ames, of New York city, the finest 
and most artistic penman in the world. He 

tion of " quantity -quality." which is 
only a sort of nickname for " form move- 
ment." We trust that the fraternity has 

ing and multitudinous upiiiimis w bich have 
been aired in The Journal by eminent 
penmen. And ihe real fact of it is tbut 
most of us penmen agree perfectly on the 
essence of the question, though in detail 
there may be ibe widest divergence. The 
truth is, we rather respect that the young 
learning public (upon whom we profes- 
sionals are pleased to inflict our notions and 
our hobbies with yrenl assiduity) are be- 
ginning to he surfeited wiib a discussion 
which smacks so much of the doctrinaire. 




correspondent which is rather refreshing 
for its uniqueness; — " In looking over your 
March number and reading the article 
headed ' Writing at Random' a thought 
occurred to trie that may possibly he turned 
to account in teaching both longhand and 
shorthand. Is it not true that the skilled 
penmanyiWs his way across the paper, re- 
lying on the sense of touch to a great exteut? 
Then why cannot beginners be trained to 
execute Mr Kinsley's exercises, for example, 

by pe/rtistingly tracing (k* m in pr&pan d 
groove*? Habit is everything. An old cir- 
cus horse will describe beautiful curves, 
they say, on an open lot. I would like to 
Iry somebody's pal cut grooved paper or 
parchment on head lines for young phono- 
graphic ponies." 

the better. The selections for the chiefs 
of the various schools are all fortunate. 
At the head of the School of Penmanship 
i-, Proi - & oiiapmuu, and iue wisdom ol 
the selection cannot he disputed. On Ihe 
whole it looks as though the next Bession 
of the H E A. would be a memorable one 
in the annals of that association. 

Mr. 1 1, C. CurtiBS, Chairman of the Exec- 
utive Committee, and in whose home tlie 
meeting will be held, is working with a vim 
and a will to pave the way to a very pleas- 
ant reunion, holh in its social and business 
aspects. His associates on the committee, 
Messrs. C. Baylessand A. D. Wilt, arc also 
doing their share of the work, and the otber 
officers are on the alert. The outlook seems 
very propitious. 

We quote from thecirculnrof the Associa- 
tion with reference to the all Tactions of 
Minneapolis, the place of meeting; "Min- 
neapolis is favorably located for the Con 
vention. Eastern delegates can take the 
delightful trip on the great lakes. Southern 
delegates can enjoy the varied scenery of 
the Upper Mississippi, while the Western 
delegates will have only a short distance to 
travel. The Metropolis of the new norlh- 
west has been the place of meeting of nu- 
merous conventions during the past few 
years, and offers much in the way of inter- 
est and entertainment to the visitor and the 
businessman. The largest flour and i um . 
i er inte-i -is in the world are to be found 

dwelt on the advantages yoi 
sessed by being good writers, anil the impor- 
tance of a good teacher. He was glad lo 
know we had in Toronto a college where 
was kept a professional penman. A vote of 
thanks was proposed by Mr. J. M. Crowly, 
seconded by J. Baldwin Hands, barrister, 
which was carried unanimously." 

Bo thought I said yes, hut I'm sure I said on. 
My heart was a beating, my cheeks were aglow; 
I looked on the ground and I thought he would go ; 
He thought I said yes, hut I'm sure I said uo. 
Now what could I do? For he thought I said yea ; 

— Tuke care of the truth, and the errors 
will take care of themselves. You may de- 
stroy a hundred heresies, and yet not estab- 
lish a single truth. But you may, by estab- 
lishing a single truth, put to flight with one 
blow a hundred heresies —Ih.nt Stanley. 

A good commercial teacher, over SR, In an East- 
ern olty; oue able to take charge of a Biislucs 
College. Good address, undoubted Integrity and 
energy. Address, stating experience, salary 
required and full particulars, 

'. M.. care The Journal. 

gpB Broadway, New York. 

— Ames' Best Pen c 
popular favor. Peerlc 


A Note From Mrs. Packard 
May 7. 1888 
7:, thi Battel '■/ ThbJootwai.: 

Sin; — I very imit-b fear ilmtyourallusion 
to niv shorthand lessons which have ap- 
peared in The Jocknal during the past 
eighteen mouths is misleading. I wish it 
to he understood tbat I bud and have no 
thought nor intention of superseding Mr. 
Munson's text book, but desire only to 
Bupplemenl it and to help Btudents tonppre- 
eiate it and the system which it presents. 

I should not even have attempted so much 
but that a necessity was put upon me which 
I could not in honor evade. I undertook to 
edit a Shorthand Department in The Jour- 
nal for one year at tbe instance and with 
tbe co operation of Mr. .\tunson and Mr. 
Kimball to whom I looked for material aid 
and who kindly assisted me at the begin- 
ning, and have done what they could since 
—particularly Mr. Kimball -to whom I am 
under the greatest obligations for bis excel- 
lent illustrations. In order to interest your 
readers from month U< iimntb, and to in 

.Iiiit lb. isc who had no knowledge of short- 
hand to begin tbe study, I felt it necessary 
to have something continuous, and so with 
the consent of my co-workers, 1 attempted 
the series of lessons which you so extrava- 
gantly commend. As to tbe innovation 
which you mention as giving the system 
"as Mr. Munson writes it," I can only say 
that I adopted them with the authors con- 
sent, anticipating a revision of the text-book 
which Mr. Muusou expected to accomplish 
long before the conclusion of my lessons. 
As in the classifications— which differs 
what from any published method— I would 
say that having already published 
of lessons in Packard's Shorthand Reporter, 
and not wishing to go over the same ground 
way, 1 merely sought a new 
way of saying substantially the same thing. 
If there is any merit in lb. 
ment, it is incidental ; but I am j 
to know it as if I had intended it. 

I do not at all feel that the lessons 

BK^K^IMuiU. It they " 
any good purpose in commending the sys- 
tem, and holding pupils to it, I shall feel re- 
paid for my task. Very respectfully, 
L. 11. Pa 

The Editoi's Calendar. 


ttiint vol ■■ It contains_Hon. David . 

closing paper i 

\\l„o -it nation.. This i 

under the title " 

England, discussing 

Hew type la used 

iiber, having a slightly larger face t 
ieli gives Hie [Litre -i Hvsher and clearer 

-MeLaughllii. price $1 

work Everything to written with aparpoi 

The Two Great Compendiums. 

If you are an ornamental penman or ex- 
pect to be. you must have good models, cor 
rect guides. You must become familiar 
with the forms of beauty which the public 
admire and which have a distinct commer- 
cial value. An idea of the canons of good 
taste (which is the essence of nil art) is not 
of itself sufficient. You must learn the ait 
of studying its master pieces. 

Tbe greatest book ever issued on penman, 
ship, without any question, is tbe New Spcn- 
cerian Compendium. Its covers embrace 
hundreds of examples of penwork which 
are models of beauty. We can supply the 
work, bound complete, for $7.50. But 
while you are at it, it would be well to get 
all you need. The standard work on letter- 

port, la., December 26th to 30th. 1888 
Penmen wishing special points placed upon 
tbe programme, to be discussed at that time, 
are cordially invited to send the same to 
B. C. Wood, Chairman, Davenport, la. 

of An 

any imperfect pen found in a box 
»' Best Pens we will send two good 
ones. This offer, however, is not alto- 
gether so liberal, as a person unfamiliar 
with Ames' Best Pen might imagine. They 
arc all good, — every pen a prize, no blanks. 


— Words of high praise for K. 51. < iuirtier" 
as Business College, Pari". Texas, come 

through Hie Paris Daiiu Newt. 


ing and general engraving work is Ames' 
Compendium, o handsome volume so large 
that it takes about forty cents to send it by 
mail. The price is $5, and it cost nearly as 
much to make the book. 

These two great compendiums cover the 
whole ground of penwork. They will be 
sent from this office on receipt of $10. 

Western Penman's Association. 

The Executive Committee of tbe West- 
ern Penman's Association will meet Satur- 
day. June 16th, at Dixon, 111., for the 
purpose of arranging a programme for Ihe 
third annual meeting, to be held in tbe 
Iowa Commercial College rooms, Daven- 

— The venerable penman, Oliver B. (Joldsmllh, 
died recently at his home in New York City. 

—The Uamdt m Evening T%ma devotes nearly a 
column to an Interesting account of the recent 
clo-ing exercises of i Ixe Canada Business. College 
R. E. Gallagher whose handsome face is one of 
the heat known among the members of the B. E. A 
is the principal. 

—If C.E.Jones, of Tabor, la., isn't the king Of the 
automatie pen artists, who does wear the crown ■ 

—Vale! Madarusz. After years of glory und 
lucre as a card writer, be leaves the field for pa-. 

-The Bueititts World. Detroit, prints the por- 
trait and sketch of President M. W. Jewell, of the 

Detroit Business University. 
—Joseph Ballhouse has sold his Cleveland, O.. 

Jin-in.-v-. i i. Urge to Messrs Spencer, Felton and 
Loomls, and the -ame lias I n amalgamated Willi 

a College. Mr Ballhouse 
as an Instructor. 

Nearlj "-""students were enrolled at the s,mfh- 
western Business College, Wichita, Kan., last year. 
E. H. Frlteh Is principal and K. M. Barber, pen- 

— S. A. D. Ilaliu, of the Montana Business Col- 
lege, Is responsible for the heading on the II. Km, 
Student. It. is a very elever piece of work, too, 

--A great many commericlal schools in this coun- 
try and Canada use J. c Bryants "Business 
Man's Commercial and Law and Business Forms 
Combined-'' The work is edited by Hon. George 
W. Clinton, and Is said by experts to be thorough 
In every particular. 

-Charles R. MeCullougb for the past two and a 
halt years teacher of Penmanship and Stenography 
at the Ontario Business College, Belleville, Out., 
has been made principal of the special penmanship 
department of that institution as a mark of the ap- 
preciation of his ability by the college management- 
Mr. MeCullougb, Is author of a practical business 
system of writing which saves him and his pupils 
a great amount of labor. The band la devoid of all 
superfluous lines and meets the requirements of 
the counting house, 

— F. C. Minor and J. N. Campbell have been con- 
ducting at Frankfort, lnd., a Normal and Business 
Institute. Mr. Minor says that his business col- 
lege is being well patronized. 

—Over thirty young mea and women comprised 
the class of '88 of the Ohio Business College, 
Mansfield, Ohio. The twenty-second annual grad- 
uating exercises were held on Maroh flOlb. The 
Mausfleld Field Olid Banner gives a full and flatter- 
ing account of the affair. 

— An almost formidable bevy of beaatycomes to 
us from Bryant A stmt ton School, Boston. It Is a 
picture of the type-Writing department, and It 
looks as though about one-half of the girls at the 
Hub— red- headed girls and otherwise— were about 
lo become typewriter operators. 

—Tbe veteran penman and Commercial teacher, 
D. h. Musselman, proprietor of the big Gem City 
Business College, Quinoy, III., has been In New 
York city for some days In attendance upon the 
Methodist General conference as a delegate. The 
Journal was honored by a call from its friend 
'the ofiiee latch string always hangs out. 

- One of the i: 

unique i)< signs that v 


Within this little cover is an account between the 
100,000 purchasers and the work Itself, all en 
graved in shipshape, book keening form. 

-The class of S8 of the Wllkesbarre, Pa., Busi- 
ness College, sent out a very tasteful engraved 
Invitation to their graduating exorcises, which 
occurred on Wednesday evening, April 35th. Sev- 
enty-five young men and women were graduated. 
The invocation was by Rev. Dr. George Frear. 
Hon. Charles D. Foster made an introductory ad- 
dress, and Colonel Russell H. I'ornwell.of Phila- 
delphia, delivered his lecture, " The Silver Crown, 
or Born a King." \V. J. Solly Is the Principal of 


■ Principal. 

-Another particularly chaste and elegant iitvl- 
lon card which Tub Journal has received 
\r* the mystic and somewhat mystifying legend 
To the Heights;' Class of '88 requests your pres- 



will be ineiensal'le to omit n<i 
card sent by the Bryant, Stratton & 
smith Business College. Meadvillc, Pa., with a 
message fromlue class of '.--i to attond the 2Sd an- 
nual commencement of Hie school on April 20th, 
The card is executed in a delicate brown, and Us 
figures are superb. There were thirty-four gradu- 
ates and an interesting programme of music, 
speaking and recitation was enuoted. Prof. A. W. 
Smith, the Principal, awarded the diplomas. 

-Packard sends us two little pamphlets which 
mark something of a departure in the literature of 
school circulars. Number one Is labelled an "Illus- 
trated Circular" and tbe beautiful engravings 
carry out the title in the best Bense. The little 
work starts with five beautiful page engravings by 
the new Mo?s process, showing the school building 
the Interior of sev< ral departments and the strong 
raoeol the proprietor. There are some twenty 
four Illustrations besides, and they are all very 
striking, showing the touch of a true artist. The 
text Is just as good as the pictures and we congrat 
ulate Mr. Packard on having Issued a school oiron. 
lar which may be read with pleasure by people 
who have not the -lightest notion of going to 
school themselves or sending others. The other 
pmuplilei i- .ailed 'Friday Morning at Packard's ' 

—A good many penmen are availing 
themselves of our offer of the New Spen- 
cerian Compendium bound complete, (price 
47.50), and the Ames' Compendium, (price 
$5.00) for $10. The combination gives a 
saving of $2.50, and the two works are a 
library iu Ihemselves. 

The B. E. A. of A. 

President h I Williams, of the B. E. A , 
of A , bae issued tbe following circular: 

The Tentli Annual Convention of the 
nuftincse Educators' Association of America, 
will beheld in the rooms of LheCurtissCom- 
mcrcial College, Minneapolis, Minn., emu 
mencing Wednesday, July 18th, and end- 
ing Wednesday, July 25th, 1888. The 
following schools have been arranged for, 
with the design of making each one com- 
plete in itself, to that persons who desire 
to follow up any special line of work or who 
wish In prepare themselves as Icadicrs in the 
branches here taught, can receive instruc 
linn anil the most advanced ideas to he had 
upon these subjects, from the best teachers 
in the United States and Canada. It will 
he "A Summer School of Business," and 
mi person whit is .iircclly interested in these 
matters can afford to miss the opportunity 
here presented, 

I School of Acoountsand Business Prac- 
tic< — Chairman, Cr, W. BroWn, Jackson- 
ville III . Secretary and Critic, J. E. King. 
Rocheater, N. Y. 

2. School of Calculations— Chairman, (). 
P. Williams, Rochester, N. Y- Secretary 
and Critic, R. E. Gallagher. Hamilton, On. 

8. School of English and Correspondence 
—Chairman, Mrs Bara A. Spencer, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

4. School of Penmanship— Chairman, C. 
S. Chapman. Des Moines, Iowa. 

5. School of Civics — Chairman, R. C. 
Spencer, Milwaukee. Wis.; Secretary and 
Critic, W E McCord, New York City. 

6. School of Shorthand and Typewriting 
—Chairman, Mrs S. S. Packard. New York 
N. Y.; Secretary and Critic. Mrs. Lizzie 
Askew-Davis, Jacksonville, 111. 

The Association will devote its forenoons 
to work in theseveral schools; its afternoons 
to papers, reports and discussions in general 

A Timely Voice from Mr. Packard, 

To the Editor of The Journal: 

Sir:— There is every reason for believing 
that the Convention to be held in Minneap- 
olis in June will be, in many important re- 
spect9, the best yet held by the Busiuess 
Educators of the country. The experience 
at Milwaukee last summer, especially in the 
matter of section work, has opened up pos- 
sibilities for tbe future which, I am glad 
to see, tbe Executive Committee has seized 
upon, and propose to utilize for the coming 
Convention. The meetings of the Associa- 
tion hitherto have been open to fair criti- 
cism for their lack of clearly defined pur- 
pose. They have been pleasant and instruc- 
tive, and in a eocial way beneficial; but 
there has been some Just complaints that 
many very excellent men who in their indi- 
vidual schools bavi developed new ideas 

had the opportunities which they merited 
■to present their methods and get rec- 
oguitiou and the benefit of counsel thereon 
The trouble has been that the time was not 
economically divided, and little opportunity 
•was given for the different interests to work 
under separate arrangements at the same 
time. The plan, as given for the coming 
Convention, does away with this difficulty 
entirely, enabling the different depart- 
ments to work simultaneously, and under 
distinct organizations, the results to be 
grouped for presentation to the main bodj , 
when general discussion can be bad. There 
can be no doubt whatever of the great ad- 
vantage of this phm. and the result will be 
a larger meeting than hitherto, and by far 

1 have i" fore mi the record of the pro- 
ceeding! ol i in Milwaukee Convention, and 
while it is Q document which does honor In 
our profession, and which every member 
thereof should deem worthy of a place in 
his library, it is easy to see how much more 
valuable a document would be which 
should contain the positive and din cl 
wort ol tbe sections. If the Committee 
shall be fortunate enough to make a w Ise -'\ 
\ ision nt labor and to secure full and 
reports ol the work done in the srclio 
if the Oonveution shall show su: 

public spirit to procure the publication of 

the entire proceedings. I am free to say that 
our effort will receive such an impetus as 
has n.vrr before been given to it. The time 
has come when we should show our hand 
in a way not to be mistaken. If it is true 
thai we represent the most available thing 
iii American education, there is nothing 
thai we do which should not be well done. 
andourworkshouldberated upon its merits. 
We shall thus he able to get rid of many 
crude ideas, and to lake on all that is best iu 
theory and practice. 

There Is one department of our work 
which seems just at present to be taking on 
an importance which it has hitherto lacke 1, 
and that is the Department of Civics, which, 
asal present devised, embraces also Lan- 
guage. It is hard to define just what this 
department should be; but I can see evi- 
dences on all hands that it is destined to 
grow and develop into something positive 
and permanent. Our schools have suffered 
greatly in the public mind from a lack of 
breadth in our curriculum; and while it has 
not lucn, nor willit tie possible to bring them 
up in this respect toauy just comparison with 
ehissical schools and colleges, thereare some 
things that can be done to greatly 

The American Language. 

It has heretofore been the belief held by 
philosophers and ihiukers from the earliest 
times that language is an evolution growing 
hi development as human thought needed 
a vocal vehicle for expression. Savage 
tribes with an extremely limited range of 
ideas, and whose actual transactions of 
daily life embraced only the simplest iaels, 
would necessarily have need for an ex- 
tremely simple and scant language. As they 
might advance in civilization and culture, 
they would improve their language to meet 
the necessities of expression. The inven- 
tion of alleged universal languages by the 
act of a single individual sets all the laws of 
linguistic evolution at naught, and can 
therefore accomplish nothing useful in any 
large sense. The history of the English 
language presents a great number of fuels 
which illustrate this evolution. Since no 
race so far as known possesses an indigen- 
ous or original civilization, but has always 
learned from some external and superior 
source, so there is no language which is 
complete in itsell, developed from indigen- 
ous roots without admixture from the ex 
terlor. The English tongue, composed as 
it is of many diverse elements, has long 


sum / s ?u£e^Ats€^wMie/ 

> / r A ■ i y - r 

r / / . 22 

tfm ~~* 

theft UM-TulneM, as well lis their hold upon 
the public regard; and one of tbe most 
available and useful of these things is the 
instruction coming properly under the title 
of Civil s. This would embrace not only a 
knowledge of the history of the country, of 
its forms of government, local, state and na- 
tional, ol its great, men. political and other- 
wise; but also of its industrial, financial anil 
intellectual growth, the expanse of its cul- 
tivated area, and all that tends to a better 
knowledge of the country, its institutions, 
and its people. It will be readily seen that 
there Is a great held of legitimate study for 
the commercial schools in this direction, 
Which, I am free to say. has been almoHt 
uu touched, but which stands ready for us, 
not in any vague sentimental way hut sus- 
ceptible ul cleurly defined limits and ready 
adaptation. lam glad to know that this 
subject iu some form will receive more than 
ordinary attention at the bauds of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee and of ihe Couvenlion 

llSi-lfj and on the whole, I must say that 

there seems to be no douht that we are to 
have at Minneapolis such a Convention as 
any body of educator* may be proud of. 
B. 8. Packard. 

Special)} made to our order abroad and 
imported. A triumph of the penmaker's 
art Anus Best Pen, 95 eeuisa box 

which must continue to operate for a great 
period in the future, so that the day will 
come when the language will be as different 
from the English of today as is our lan- 
guage from that of Chaucer. In America 
the development must take to itself forces 
and forms which will never come into oper- 
ation in the mother country, and finally 
through their intervention we will have a 
distinctively American language. It is im- 
possible to formulate an American language 
until we cease to have constant and exten- 
sive accessions of foreign immigration; un- 
til, indeed, we can assimilate and absorb all 
the admixture of foreign blood. Then we 
will have an American race, then we Will 
have American language. Noah Webster 
was its great forerunner.— AWp Ortaum Pie- 


lake advantage 

iiilliug a large line of ,■■.■■>.'.<,,. i 

In! ,\ • n , \ idparuiao. Jnd 

The Editor's Scrap-Book 

W G. Christie, the s mpllahed young pen- 
man, Ponghkeepsle, sends na a variety of ipeot- 
mens, Including card work, butn»N writing and 
Nourishing, which arc excellent (OadegTM The 
young man who gives to bli art ntch faithful at 

tlona i- In every sense deserving of a liberal pat 

ronage fi'nni the pulillc. We nlsi> have -nine .p.,i 

mens from C. P. Zioier. I'olmulms lUti... wind 

symmetry an. I eaq grace are i.lin.-i faiillhs. 
Wlial n fined uiili It- team lli.--e Iwn \.mng penmen 

would make I 

-Excellent specimens. >f nourishing. Which run 
mostly tn feathers, come from s. B, Barlow, sere 
taryof the Ohio Buiioess University, Cleveland 
(and this time It is a red bird) also from E. M. 
Chartler, of the I'ari-, Texas, Husine— College, 
who rein forties the nourishing wiiti smile excellent 
script; G. G. Brown, HUIerstown, Pa., who sub 
mita a ewan tn magenta Q M Paul, Penman, 

Washington College, T.n- ih, Washington Ter 

ritory; G. J.Vrel.t ■ |. . ' ,nd, Ohio . B, A 

Hall, Logansport, Indiana. Bu-iu< -- . ■ ■,!. <.-< K il 
ltoliins, Jacksonville. Illinois, Business inllcge, 
and S. S. MoCnim. The two lust named nhto sub- 
mit specimens of card work, and Ml UoCrum la 
credited a olub. 

-While on the subject of oiml work we wuni t.> 
any that you would have to scrape the rontlnenl 
with a fine tooth comb to lind anyone who can snr 
pass a. w. liakin, of Syracuse, The clean, onpp"! 
easy stroke of his pen over Hie pasteboard leavi sa 
Hue which for delicacy and beauty can scarcely lie 

-Ue.irgc Sut t. hi, I tie seveniem year old student 
of J, M. Mehan, of the Capital City Commercial 
College, Des Holnes, town, sends speolmens of his 

card work, which lead us In lulicve lliut lie is miti 
of the comliitf card writers. S. W. Thomas, Ilazle- 
ton, Indiana, also sends creditable card work. 

—Miss Adra It. Mason, Sanford, Maine, sends us 
a letter, the penmanship >>l which would put some 
of our male penmen to thfl blush, 

—A. A. Clark," Superintendent of Writing in the 

public schools of Cleveland, Ohio, sends this mes- 
sage in irreproachable ehiiMgraphy : "I unhesita- 
tingly pronounce tbe Penman's Abt Journal the 
leading exponent of mir professi. ui " S. J. Prld- 
gen, of Moore's Business University, Atlanta. 
Georgia, writes that "Tub JOUBHAX has always 
been tbe penman's best friend '' J M. Mehan, 
proprietor of the Capital < it y Commercial College, 
Des Moines, Iowa, rightly says : "As I have before 
stated, I think I am doing my students a great 
favor by placing within their reach each a paper as 

— F. E. Persons, Rashfield, N. V., submits some 
excellent business capitals lieautiful specimens 
Metropnliton Business i 'ollege, rhlcago."" 

—The photograph of a piece of engrossing ex- 
ecuted by H. B. Parsons, of the Zanesvllle. Ohio, 
Business College, reflects the highest credit on that 
gentleman's ingenuity and taste of design, and bis 
technical skill of execution. It Is refreshing to see 
such work. Chas. O. Winter, Hartford, Connecti- 
cut also sends us a photograph of avery creditable 
piece of engrossing executed by himself. 

-We have from that youthful veteran, J. W 
Swank, Washington, D. C, a pen photograph of 
Hon. Hugh S. Thompson. Assistant Secretary of 
the Treasury, with embellishment of setting that 
makes it a very agreeable picture. Another pho- 
tographed piece of engrossing nomas (nun V n 
Holmes, Fall River, Mass. 

-W. E. Dennis sends an elegant example of 
nourishing which we regret eainml l. L - leprniliie.-d 
by photo-engraving. 

-Here are some of the best written letters re- 
ceived since our last accounting : 

A. E, Parsons. Wilton Junction, Iowa : H. T. 
Loomis, Spencerian Business College. Cleveland, 
Ohio, With Olub ; A. W. liakin. Wells' ( men ml 

B. & S. Business College, St. I.oula. Mo,; George 
Bpencer, Detroit, Ufoblgan ; 0. N Craudle, North 
ern Illinois Business College, l)is.,n, ill . will, rlul. 
S. i'. Williams, Spalding's Commercial College, 
Kansas City, Mo., with olub. 

('. J. Price, Mtlllgan, Teunes.ce, Business Col- 
lege, with club; F. W. Tinker, GreenHeld, N H ; 
W. A. S. Hoff, Delaware. O.; Win N Ybtox, Lon- 
don, Ontario, with club; II. i. Cheaeri Portland, 
Maine, with club; J. E, (iarucr. Ilarrlsbuigb, Pa.; 

C. H. Klmmig, Philadelphia, I'a ; K G Greenleuf, 
Dorchester, Mass.; E. I. Burnett, li .* s College 
Pnoideiice, R. I. 

W E. Beaty, Wellington, Kansas, with cluh ; 
Isaac Bates. Minneapolis. Minn ; C. Bayles*. Bay 
less Business College, DubiKiue, Iowa, wild club; 
John Itockwood, Natkk, Haas.;W. A Phillip. 
St Thomas, Out . Business College; B H. Barber' 
Southwestern Business College, Wichita. Kans, t 
J. C, Blanton, Hardeman. Ga., with Olub 

Marcus II. Fox, in, N,„f,,||. Hired. N.. w Voik 
W. El. Shrawder. penman, Richmond, Indiana , 
Business College, with olub ; Chdrlei ffandlej 
I'liisburgh, Pa,; t b penny, penman, Detroit, 
Michigan; P. A. Uromatko, Cedar RaptdH Iowa 
II. (' Ingram, Irviugton, Cal , with Huh ; A !■' 
Dtolebarger, Port Dodge, Iowa. 

■t U Vincent, Chicago, with slob ; l< w.-iis 


—The remarkable finish of American pa- 
pen places Ihem ahead "f any made Else- 
where in the world. The excellent properties 
-if i lie paper are imparted by the addition of 
a minora! called HL-nlith. Il is a silicate of 
magnesia, and [b fibrous, resembling in this 
respect asbestos. Large amounts of it are 
found in the United State* This, substance 
does not seem to be found as yet in oilier 

— An esteemed young correspondent 
writes us that he lias been practicing for 
some time on Piiiman & Kinsley's "Series 
of Lessons iu Plain Writing," and has de- 
rived great benefit therefrom. His writing 

bears witness lolbe fact. Thisis a Work en- 
titled to the largest measure of success. It 
lias two, encrfjetir, capable young men be- 
hind It— how can it help succeeding ¥ 

—It is said that 40 per cent, of all the 
deaths from poison in Great Britain are due 
to opium, and this rate of mortality, accord- 
ing to Dr. Wynter Blythe. ' ' arises in a great 

of hard-working Kuglisli mothers and the 
baby farmer, of giving infants 'soothing 
syrups,' ■ infants' friends,' and (he like, to 
allay restlessness and keep them asleep dur- 
ing the greater part of their existence." It 
has lieen calculated thnt one preparation 
alone is the undoubted cause of death of 
[60,000 children every year. 

—The University pianos and organs which 
we advertise are noted for i heir remarkable 
purity of tone and for their wearing quali- 
ties. Considering the usual price of standard 
goods of this kind, ihese instruments are 
offered tit nu astonishingly cheap figure. The 
secret, though, lies in the fact that the com- 
pany does not have to pay half the purchnse 
money over to drummers and agents. 

—The gypsies of Transylvania, according 
to u writer in li/url, irti»<} x ,]f,i;/n:/iir, U-.uh 
young bears to dance by placing the animal 
on a t-bpet of boated iron, while the trainer 
plnys on his fiddle a strongly accentuated 


In est ;i|ii' 

uutarily observes the time marked by the 
violin. Later on the heated iron is sup- 
pressed when the animal has learned its les- 
son, and whenever the gypsy begins to play 
on the fiddle the young bear lifts its legs in 
regular time to the music. 

—Penman's badges, pins and all that sort 
of thing are made by Henry Hart, Atlanta, 
Georgia. We have been advertising bis 
business a long time and have never heard a 
complaint as to bis reliability or prompt- 

-Sixty-six parchment MSS , estimated to 
be worth about $200,000. were recently 
stolen from the National Library in Paris. 
Among them were diplomas of Charles the 

Fill, OUlO, and the Knipernr Louis, and 

Quarter! of bishops and lords of Lorraine, 
Burgundy, Champagne, and Languedoc 

Uai'iu^oblaiuiaL^^luc-UjJja: Until, ihe po- 

ebed the apart] 



■red Jill the 

ugh \ 

••'Wright's Business Methods" is at- 
ling a good deal jit' at tent inn animej I nisi- 
students. It is said to be a very thor 

—A vellum MS. of the sixteenth century, 
valued at 113,000, has been added to the 
Lennox Library. New York. The work 
was executed for Pope Paul III. (Cardinal 
Alessandro Farnese), for bis own use. It 
contains six paintings by Oiulio Clovio, a 

famous artist of the time. The compositions, 
R liieb are eighteen by fifteen inches in size. 

represent the "Adoration of the Shepherds," 

" The Sermon on the Mount, " 'Saint Peter 
Holding the Keys of Heaven (liven by 

Christ," "The lie-unviliim." "The De- 
sci I tin *i l»> «>t . - and ■■ The Day of 


-II is said that a gallon of ink is used 
daily in the United States Senate Senator 

ESvarts must wrhea sentence or two every 
d.'iv -- -Botton Globe. 

—Wherever there is a strictly confiden- 
tial conmiuiiieat inn, a clphei code may be 

used to advantage, .!. c Halsted has put 
this idea into a book which is having an 
Immense Rale His advertisement is in this 
number of The JoUBH m 

—The French authorities are attempting 
to make tue of carrier-pigeons for convey- 
ing information from war ships at sea to 
certain stations on laud, and with this ob- 
ject have fitted up on the St. Louis a dove- 
cote, painted the most gorgeous colors, in 
order to permit the birds to recognize Iheir 
home from a great distance. 

— Il is estimated thai to collect one pound 
of honey from clover 62,000 beads of clover 
must be deprived of uec ar and 3,750,000 
visits from bees must be made. 

—The seedless raisin is produced by sim- 
ply arresting one of the processes of nature. 
When lhe grape is about one half ripe the 
end of the vine Is bent down and buried in 
the ground. This prevents the formation of 
seed and the full development of the fruit, 
but it ripens all the same, ami has a delic- 
ious flavor. 

—There are several institutions about in 
the country which irive to the student a well 
rounded commercial training by means of 
correspondence. There is an unlimited 
number of schools that pretend to do so. 
The first correspondence business college iu 
the field, we believe, was the Bryant & 
Strftltan, at Buffalo. It has been there ever 
since growing with the years. It is reliable 
ami thorough and worth patronising. 


' ■ - h> i,. an- in:, n win. h** fitteil 
li ■ ni|.|,. yni. ill l.\ ;, llionmifh I'onrm- 

1- ' "' B-l-b 


1' " I--. '''I II, .III,' i', ; "'~ 


Penman's Badge. 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By means uf direct Persntial Cnnvsixmdenee. 

The First School of its kind in America. 

Territory and nearly ait Britixh American Provinces, 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






DUtfuieo no objection. Low ratjss and «aii* 

faction guaranteed. Send two letter stamps f..i 

SS-paae Aiinoiiiir*>iii»«nt and To>ttlinntil»|». 



NOVEI/TIKS, —Stamp Photos, TQc. 
Club 'of (i. liM) free. " 

iMili.,111- [v,it,..l.l'-i'„, I', 

free taken from any " picture 

iM.piuurs. IVtis. Inks, card i invanit nt.s 
Cards, Ink. uhli.aie fluhln and I'.ns \>\ 
$■:.:*!. _ $;(."i.ini run easily he made Inni 

i List riee. Any kind n 


Miiwini:, M I. lank witling Ink lu the v 

dcBorlpt! i i»ve> 

< mill manufacturers: ,if i 

$93 Sewing Macliine Free 


I'i; \i-Tlr.\l. li"iH< k i:i liM, I 'hi.. 

IMVKKMTV BuuK-KlCICPINC, lari.'i- a 


A lioj " llO i;m'l own a bean 
bicycle oon (bj working for Tbe 

,i.i n i :n.ii h n,i ( , and |'i I: a la 
bas be V 



Tell all Your Friends 
About It. 

r ? ? ? ? ? ? > ? ■>■>•)>■> r 


A Breech Load- 
ing Cun? 

A Flobert Rifle? 

A F i n'e Cold 

A Photographic 

A Standard Col- 
umbia Bicycle? 

See the Journal's 
New Premium List. 

Who will get 
the Remington 

We know one teacher who 
wants it 

A boy who can't own a 

beautiful $ I OO. Bicycle 

now (by workingfor 

the Journal) hasn't 

much snap and 

push about 






I >![>< -I! tin.' 

llki'I li:.- -" 

Ladie* pronounoe 

"i ft,.' i. 

s AMES' F.KST 1 
teeth ,1 Al 


:it.|ir.-..u.-li;iMe For nr.lini 
er it to all other?. Ladie- . 
nuhtp experts use no other after they have 


Klvlne our order to the leading Enciish pen-makers, we didn't *sk f.irihe clit-uneftt ii 

"l,,..,. is. the I"- 1 iui.teil;.l -.l.tainnl-l.-.-.-iir iii.tru.-iions vfii-l,' put your most 
in our orders, lian-l uriml, liatut-i-'ek and polish our pens, so that you can warrant ever> 
oreclsely whiit has been done. Is it any wonder that Iho output In the very best steel r 
minis we quote the following : 

So writes .1. P Medsger 
penmau. Jacobs Creek, Pa 

" Amrs' ISo^t Pens recti' 
womlcr that your expeclnl 
mm pi^-cii. K is certainly n 
being line pointed, durable 
possessing a quick action," 

;d. I do not 


A in. ■ I',.-- p. n i i 

fdgeport. Conn. 

Washes II. Lambon. 

Lesson* In Plain Writing." 

" I have given Ames' " Best Pen a 
thorough trial and lake pleasure in recom 
mending it as nisi class in .very respect." 
II. J. Putman. 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

" After a thorough trial I can safely Bay 
Hint Anus' Best Pens are excellent. 1 have 

hud a number ol my special penmanship 

students try them, and all expressed them- 
selves as highly pleased." 

Heets Mis i iii".i Approval. 

Ames' Best Pen meets with my hearty 
and uinpialitied approval In fact I am de- 
lighted, I have long sighed foi jusl such a 
pen. Enclosed please find $1, for which 
please scud me a one gross box. 

Jahkb W. Baskinb. 
Teacher of Writing in tin Ourliss Commer- 
cial College, Minneapolis, Minn. 

" Ames' Best Pens beats all I have evt 

had before." P. B. S. Pktbbb, 

Profestwr of Penmanship, St. Joseph, Mo. 

Paerleul Luxurious! 

•'I am doubtful whether a pen can he 
made for fine, artistic writing superior to 
Ames' Best Pen. If you had named it 
•■The Best" no one would have doubted 
the title." G. Bixleb, 

Anurifiiu Ptii Art Hall, W'»"")\ Ohio 

"Having very thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens in general work, I can say with 
pleasure that they are superior in every 
particular, and hereby commend them to all 
desiring a smooth, easy and laslingpeu." 
E. L. Buhnett, 
Bryant cfi SPratton Business College, Provi- 
dence, R. I. 

"For a pen Unit combines the essential 
qualities for plain writing, nourishing and 
artistic pen work, Ames' Best is superior *~ 

ly 1 have ever used," 

i' Best li 

A. C. Wk 

Penman and Artist , NashviUe, Ttn-n. 

"I have given Ames' Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed lightly named. They are 
the most durable pens 1 have ever used." 

"Ames' Best Pen meets my highest ap- 
proval." Chandler II. PbiBCB. 

J'rinr Iln-v'ntsx College, Keokuk, la. 

"I like Ames' IScsl Pens very much." 

C. S. Chapman. 
Town Business College, Deis Moines, la. 



$10 SS FREE 

School Gardening, .'. ... the planting of 
lavme, trees and fiowere on eehool ground*, 

,/»/■ <<htcati"iutl <nn( I'dintiftiiiKi jmr]ii'*r.,. /,« 

- >}>ly ami ably treated Y/i The American 

IF 'I" ," - Mrllllm: Mini! j,| 

hiih-i.rii.ihli ... th. fruit growers, limitcul 

- '-'- "I Ihjs fiitintiy 

iyrv* T. tox, dtaft /'■■■ tlnoj ftfliuyfoontd. 

Adapted to the wants of prac- 
tical and amateur gardeners and 
fruit growers. The Amekican 
Garden has ^tood the test of 
time and receives endorsement 
of all this class in every sec- 
tion and many lands. Though 
costing as much and more to 
produce than many $2 and S3 
publications, the subscription 
price of this handsome and prac- 
tical illustrated magazine of hor- 
ticulture is ONLY SI A YEAR. In 
club with Penman's Journal tor 
( 1 .85. 

E. H. LIBBY, Publisher, 
m Broadway, N. Y. 



Your Arithmetic is like all your publica- 
tions, neat, elegant and complete, and 
shows your knowledge of book making to 
be large and polished by the hand of ex- 

Principal Bryant & Slralton's School, 

Boston, Mass. 

tion. I 

; much pleased with your new edi 
is certainly practical, and what is 
in the better class of business 


Gem City Business College, 

I have carefully examined ihe New Ar- 
ithmetic, and am very much pleased with 
its arrangemeut. It is so comprehensive in 
its arrangement of topics, and so clear in 
its elucidations that it seems to leave noth- 
ing further to be desired. While the first 
issue was a model, the revision adds consid 
erable to its value and I congratulate you on 
your success in this line of work. 
A. D. WILT, 

Miami Commercial College, 
Dayton, Ohio. 

I have been examining your Commercial 
Arithmetic, and find that it embodies some 
most excellent features. The matter is 
wisely selected, the arrangement and pre- 
sentation of it is good. 


Penn. State College. 

I think you must have fully realized your 
anticipations in the New Packard Commer- 
cial Arithmetic, which is certainly a TCTJ 
beautiful book and a work of great merit. 

After a careful perusal of the contents of 
your New Arithmetic, we would say that 
we find in it much to praise and very little 
to criticise. The new arrangements of sub- 
jects is very fine. 


Business College. 

Rockford, III. 

It is a very excellent work, and I wish 
for it as much success as you could desire. 

Sheboygan, Wis. 

Please accept my thanks for the New 
Packard Arithmetic. We have used the 
old edition in our High School two years 
with excellent satisfaction. I have con. 
sidcred that by far the best work of the 


Superintendent of Schools. 
Maiden, Mass. 

It is not only handsome without, but 
quite the ideal within. 


National Business College, 
Kansas City, Mo. 


Business ( 'olleee, 
St. Paul, Mini 

is fully entitled to the 
confidence of the community as its prede- 
cessor was. You have only added one 
more item to your ordinarily in\ aluable 

Eastman Business College, 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

After a careful examination I find in it 
many superior qualities, one of Ihcui being 
the great number of practical examples 
which have in tbem elements of facts and 
history not generally known to I he student, 
and seldom found in arithmetics. This 
feature alone makes it valuable, as ihe stu- 
dent will be familiarizing himself with 
commercial facts and terms while pursuing 
Ihe science of numbers. I predict its hearty 
reception in our schools. 

New York. 

upon business customs, because it is com- 
pact, crowding much into small space; he- 
cause it sticks to ils business, giving the 
most instruction and practical forms for the 
space occupied ; because it is carefully 
graded; ana because the most important 
subjects receive the most attention. The 
mechanical execution is beyond < 
J. M. MEllAN, 
Des Mo 

the business indent; its short methods u 

t any book with which 

I like the New Packard Arithmetic for 
its fullness and its thorough adaptation to 
the requirements of business. 

Boston. Mass. 

Your New Arithmetic we like because it 
is comprehensive, analytical, logical, and 
clear. We find it an invaluable aid in se- 
curing rapid and accurate work. 

Washington, D. 0. 

It is a superb work, and superior to any 

book that is now in use. 


After using your Commercial Arithmetic 
for the past ten months I am pleased to 
state that it is complete, and just what is 
quired. The problems are practical, not 
simply catches ; the explanations are ci 
preliensive and full; the book is the ri 
size, and contains all thai is needed. I 
the best text-book of its kind I have t 


I am using your books in my school with 

Oakland. Cal. 

We are using your New Commercial Ar- 
ithmetic in our colleges in Galveston and 
Houston, and arcenlirely satisfied that it is 
the best book in the market. It is pecu- 
liarly suited to the use of Business Colleges. 
It has our unqualified approval. 


Houston, Texas. 

We think the Packard Arithmetic greatly 

improved by the recent additions l bat have 

been made; and altogether I consider it Ihe 

best book now before the public. 


Trenton, N. J. 

I consider your Arithmetic all that the 
commercial world demands. It is concise 
and practical in its methods, leading the 
student uot only to aim at. but to attain the 
maslery of practical arithmetic. It is not 

ily handsome without, but quite ideal 


i City. Mo 

What the Publl»lnr Says. 

The New Packard Arithmetic whs meant 
to he. in all important respects, the best 
commercial arithmetic in the world. If it 
fails in any way. it is because the author 
does uot know quite enough. 

Such as it is, it is offered to the public 
with a substantial success behind it, ami an 
excellent promise before it. 

It will be sent to anybody postpaid, for 
$1.50. Teachers will be supplied in any 
quantity at $1. Introductory ra 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

1 1 East 23d Street, - - New York, 


We want good, active, reliable agents lu every 
part of the United State* and Canada not at present 
occupied by our agents, to take subscriptions for 
the Jouiinai, and to sell tbe new 

amies' copy SUPS 

and our other publications. We have agents who 
send us hundreds of subscriptions every year, 
without going outride of their immediate neigh- 
borhood. UpOD the liberal commissions we offer 
this is a money-making business. Write at once, 
as we will close with the first reliable parties who 



On the Mississippi, about 


eirce's System of Penmanship 
Peirce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Peirce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 

e total expense Is about one-half that of 
•- ■ •ger cities. 

i-plications fur admission 

r Institutions in larg; 

stamps for Journal, i 

.. Willi Mi'lliml 

Chandler H Pe 

Revised, Improved and Enlarged. 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 






Send 81, $2, $.'1, or |5 for a 
■ample retail box, by express 
>f the Best CANblK.s in 
America, put up in elegant 
■loses, and strict Iv pure 



■ A thousand years as a day. No arithmetic 
eaches it A short, simple, practical method by 
-:. c ATKINSON, Principal of Sacremento Busi- 
ness College, Sacremento. Oal. By mail. 60 cents. 

HflMF ?t"slr°'Y' LAT f N !""' « 

('I.Assics ■' .sample page ai 
l.-cue .,f s,.|j,„,| lt..„k^ five C DESnvrR 
N.vil" 1M nifj Walnut St..PllILAI>ELPI 

rapid writing, use Nos. 30 and 28. 




The copies are clecanily enslaved mi ropper, printed frot 

All copic! 

e contains 

s kept clean. Evoi'j 

This is tin' most complete and >: 
work i.f this kind It dues il>>t siill] 
I the bard points. 


slips. These slips arenoi boun 

r the difficult things in writing but explains 
. N V 

e returned in i.*i.i.d . ..ii'lition. It generally conceded to lie the best 
. i : -t.nitiiil case to any address in the world for 



JBi3 fffa33? 3fl B 



Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 

Branch Btore, 37 HotietoD Street. 
8-121 NEW YORK. 

Writing and Measuring Ruler. 

t students, schools, and 

practical forms for the capital and small 

* l " "gures; thus V -'-• 

- before the 

--■rii't nip 

-dp nrest. ut „, 

h [°™t»| l BH W jH I ThlS rUi ° r ' e 1& lDOljeS 

'sent by 

I I - ■ 1 1 L' t L . 1 

Sent by man to any address for 30 cents 
H I- invaluable to all who are seeking to Impn 
'lug. Address, 



Standard Practical Penmanship a portfolio 

■rnbraeing a complete library of practical writing 

neludim.- in- new M;i-i,- Al, .|,.,|,..t. ,,,,, ,|,|,. .,, 

^"-n by any one lecibly five time 

.! writing, is mailed f 

York office only. Address 

What every Student and Teacher wants t 



, f "te! , "h R, L" k '' <wit ^ A , ,I8W ? T ra '" Thlsisaserles 
ol small books.comprlsing U. S. History (,,,, 
crtipiiy. tirammar Arithmetic. I'hy w i,,|, ,-y imd'liv- 
giene and Theory, and Practice, c,e| ,„' k 
containing i,nji ,„. „[„■;,[ ,|ii,.,ih,| h and answers 

m.hluT | B M , , , " !,ltlVVl? " " ly 'fcsMot! hooks 

'iil-U-lii-l ur.« ('..rnplete ei gh on h hu, l .|h 

'•ranch tot f any help to teacher, or X, , 

■toSm **" e ^ k,DS Wl ^ h A n»wera on ARITRMK- 

riC,"lnclndln.M,e;u!y >.)..( e-t -sample, y, |,b <:. 

and solutions. Besides treating thoroughly 

nth met c rbw h,,,,L ....... .1.. . 

... - .- -.-.. t - i.-diiiii,' iiioroiiciiiy 

« of Arithmetic, this book contain* 

:;"'" *" *« « "*st examples with answers mid solu 

l-ii-'mdereaeh.,,!,,,.,-, ,(„, .-lutlons being heed 

In the appendix. In this h,„,V .1... t '. . . .. 

questions with 

iples with 
..^^uuuw, Dayii^uiijuct, the solution 
"' the appendix. In this book there 
■■"fstions with answers 

1 , """<': ii""« with Answers on GRAMMAR 

illustrations, parap 
Illustrations, false 

The nu 

crois Hln-inHiMii,. fajs,, -yiitas with cor- 
15 i! ie Darelll E of difficult words are 

Tib t Wire the price Of the bo" ' 

Vinesthmswirh An*\\er-, 

" '"" , ' ■ ' ■■ ' ■>'■■' ' iiii.-s a- last 

-rdltiitry writinjj, Is mailed for 81 O.l. )),.■ 
.' lurk oflice only. Address 




For onrdsj&o. Circrdi 
lure 18. Press for 
newspaper ; 
stamps for ! 
type, cards, ._ ._ 
Keleey A Co. Olerldoo, f 

TORV'M, ' i-onU.8. BI8- 

Imfnamems! adln ' 1 lbe Pederal Con.tlt.tlon and 
^r 1 ^ . 1 . Q" e9tl ; ,M ^^ Answers on GEOORA- 

■ l < ■ u aphj Iheil : -ser.pfiv,.., lll -sTlo, w< ire 

'',■;■' '," '', ( - ,,,,Ml ,!li ' 1 - 1 "" x.'IMr.HelV. thus ..,, 

■•I'll iiMhe.sin.b.nMor.-ir,,-,, his mind ,,i, iu , ■' |,„ - 

tleojar country without reading over the cniliJ 

and Practice and Pbyaioh 




Any of the follow in g articles will, upon receipt 

'■( i'il' ■'■ l«i |'i |>tU forward' d by mail (or express 

When 10 cents extra are rcmUti-d merchandize 

will be sent by registered mail. 

Ames' Compendium of Practical and Oma- 

ini'iital Penmanship . . $5 00 

Ames' Itook of Alphabets 160 

Ames' Unide to PraeMr^l ami \rtlstlo Pen- 
manship, hi 1.1-iper .'A'; in cloth 75 

Williams' and Packard's (Jems 5 00 
Standnrd Prae.lical I'ciin sbi|i. by the Spen- 
cer Brothers , . l 00 

New Spr'nc-Tiiin 1 'iimpcndlum, c plctc in B 

pafta, per part... . 60 

Bound complete . ... 7 M 

Kibbes Alpiiati.'ts, live -lips, ■;:«■ ; complete 

set of IT slips... 75 

Little's Illustrative Hand! k on Drawing... 50 Mcrnoiial '£2x2* incucs 50 

Family Kecord 18k83 " 50 

Marriage Certifloate 18x22 " 50 

11x14 " 50 

(jjiriield Memorial JHxil " 50 

Lord's Prayer IOjuM " 50 

Honmling Stag 2-1x33 " 50 

Fl. mri-^lied Eagle ilxiti " 50 

Centennial I'tefnre of Prneresa. ..33x35 " 50 

Eulogyof Lincoln and '■.'\'JS " 50 

uniainenlal and l-|onrish. d ''aids, pj designs, 

new, original and artistic, per pack of 50, 30 

100 by mail 50 

1000 " $i.'-'; by express 1 •" 

Bristol Board,;! sheet thick, 33x!W, per sheet. 50 
" arx'-W, per >heet, by cxpreae... 30 
French B. B., 34x34, " " ... 75 
36x40. " " ...125 
Black Card-In laid. '.".'xJ's. for while ink 50 

DIhi h Carda, per 100 25 

Ul.ick ' aids, per li"M>, In express -' t^l 

per sheet, quire 

Wliatinan's by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, ot ■«■«« 1 $ 1 30 


Ink. per I'litl'lc, by c\pi. 

W'iiiM>r A Newion'sSup'r Sup. 
rieiiareil India Ink. pur buttlt 
Ames 1 Best Pen ', 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No 

Gillott's :»;i Steel Pens, per 

spciiccriaii Artistic No 1 1, 
Kngnissihg Pens for Ictlen 

1 ■i-.'W'iiilll Pen, very line, f 
Sonneck.-n I'.ll. I'.l te\l 

Polnta •'■' "( Min> 

Ml.i'i'n'eV'' n 7,ohb-l'!V.„h in 


K-.ll, I-. I.y ex s.s' 

No. 1, slzo -i xl feet 1 T > 

No, 2, " 2Wx3Hfeet 1 75 

No. 3, 3 X4 " 2 60, one yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slated on one side . 1 jj 

10 inches wide, per yard, M.ited both aides. 3 35 

Liquid Slating, tilt) best in use, lor walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 



Fraotional Currency per 100 n 

r dozen. Orders 


™, L no A e8 ropreseutinc $83.a30 capital S 7 00 

i-™S .. 166,000 " ]3 00 

3 >°°0 843,330 " 20 00 


are In stock and sent t 

pi-ess, ;W cents each, or g3.0C .... 

J""' ri'.'W and special design.s pr.. l(1 ,,tu ,il!.-,| 

have stock diplomas for business colleges and 

miscellaneous Institutions. 


For tlm preparation of all manner of dlsplayouta 

our ra.'llith.N are unequalled Send [or e ? tinuile k 
Also wc have the besL facllil les for making'.- 
engraved cuts from pen and ink ropy. 


the thousands of cuts that have ap- 

peared In Tub 


abllnjfthe Student 
lleiil:,- - - 

ll'l till >>! s|| 

duplieales will be furni>hcd t'.i low [-r'l'. 1 -.'-." ' 
J5 ^^l^Ti* 1 ^^'' rate, any standard 

" "" '" »""■•■'"' 'in vvmi. ; also an\ I kk,-> |. 

tellcaMmr arfthrDC,lc or other educational 
send the money with order, In all cases Unlei 

''"•, I V |N """""' '' "."'' "" L ' I "» 111 »^-Nl I" 

mall. i«fjBvcw.n.»r by express, (• ,, j, , „„,,.„ . 
suffloii al ,,'kan...- |g aude to protect us alralns 

con1|..L-e.,ll.,„ J,,, (lf waste you, tune and" ...„ 

'.}" ln M ',' 1 ": 1 >','!' W' 11 remit," or f ask u> li v 
less \v E can't. We handle nothing 
tfoods.nnd all wb„ favo, () , „i,b 

1 i.ik.- 1 

W« handle nothing 

■■ - ; -' , • ■*" »ho favor u 

assured of prompt and efllclent s 

Address, D. T. AMR8, 

200 Broadway, New York 




PRICE, ja.oo. 



PRICE, $1.50. 

BOOK-KEEPING SIMPLIFIED conlalns nit I he rules and f.irin- i.f double entry.also a foil 
ks with the entrl'- properly mad< explaining every detail from the < 

BUSINESS METHODS contnhe. busings-Ilk. ■ <■ 
t be to w 

til'' r'lcislUf, 

a losing, ibe other 

lO'iuiro ii conipkli' niHalL-ry < 
thing about double entry v ' 

kf<'l>crs hr.if.lrlt' I'XplTl 

obtain apart from business, methods In 

or bnalneu-oolleKe □ 

they began this c 

[nib. wing these | . 

hi iiri'uiirifnii; Ncan-SI iippr.'U.'h 1 

actual bunk keeping I'ms 

of New York, he 

id double-entry, 

■ houses of New York, hence 

Commercial Law 

i teachers oq receipt of wholesale price, 50 Cent 



i, but. s 

• evcry 

I am cl id to be able to say that he omen fully up to 
.. -Iut ami a> an unln idilal 
telling uru well calculated to produce first class penmen. 

i i> tin- i.fni;c "f snide penmen, though. <.f course, it Is 

ic with Hl. Mbh.,no holder, and I will not have It In mv 
Very Truly, 
and I n ,W- M ' UM'KNTKlf 

Prof A J. Willis, 

Our students ai 

uid"i"-inm.Tc"iHl' 1 
J. H. Cole, E mt 
yer. Peterboro.O 
rille Pa ;J T Rl 

'■l 1 "- ■""■tfWPttte MW^WT^oW" 

\ Lliiooln. Ill ,\ M ]-,!-. 
inger. I'li.-it. N V.M S*yr . . unt Mi I! .P.m.-. I{.<i-ti. -1... N 
hese purlies, and i\<> tint get i-f.nib.n. lei us kn..w. .unl ivc will son. I 

ski tig a success of my leaching here.' 

•■"' "■ ■-'•'. ' Xlillilt> specimen- ,,| 

ii 1*1.. I .. .[ graduate . .1 
I I'He.l,., ■ „ , , |i„| U || T 

mat.sbipln i1iMii>iiiuii..of>i. tight l>> 
* an artist and a teacher, is rcmaika 

■inline here for Instruction lu penman 

i In re .inrl l.iki-n instruction, write ti 

te good positions io liusiness Colleges 

H. Bicese. Broukvllle, Out.; I 
Iff \ •• • 

!(<■■ 1,. 


The Hand Book of Volapuk. 


Member of tbe Academy of Volapttk— President of the Institute of Accounts. 

One vol., l'imo, 128 pp. Heavy paper, bound, Frier, postage paid t $1. 


1. Au iutruductiori explaining- lire I'm poses, Origin and History of VolapQk and of 
the Volapuk movement, 

2. A grammatical exposition of the structure of the language. 

3. Tin- order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of radicals and the formation of new words 
by composition, by prefixes ami by suffixes. 

5. " Spodam ;" Commercial Correspondence. 
8. "Liladam ;" Heading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary. Volapuk English, and Engtish-VolapUk. 

In addition there is a portrait of Schleyer, with extracts from bis writings ; a state- 
ment In Vobipltk of the changes made by the second annual Congress ; and a key to the 
exercises for correcting borne work. 


The only American periodical devoted In whole or in part lo the new international 
language is The Office. 

In it the department entitled " Volaspodel,*' contains progressive lessons in 
Volapuk, with special reference to commercial correspondence. Published monthly. 
Subscription $1 a year. Specimen copies IO cents each. 

For circulars of the Hand Hook of Volapuk, and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 

Peerless! Luxurious! 


The Spencerian Copybooks, 

Including the various series of that well-known system, Mill 
maintain their well-earned aud generally recognized position as 


The symmetry, accuracy and beauty of their copies have been 
imitated but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
can be ascribed to any oilier series is that it resembles the 

The arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
with the highest educational standards. 

The quality of paper used in their manufacture is peculiar to 
the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and the 
use of patented machinery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


By P. R. Si'ENCer's Sons, constitute a new departure in penman 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are "not designed to displace or supersede the 
SPENCERIAN, but for use in schools or among private learners when 
an abbreviated "running hand" is desired. 

f Spencerian Large, - 
L rices : _j Spencerian Small, 

j Spencerian New, 


96 cents. 
92 cents. 

Correspondence soli. 

IVISON , rlakfmam Ai nn 

753 & 755 Broadway, New York., 
149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

It Is progressive and thorough in all Its appoint- 
ments and departments. 
The methods for Illustrating actual business In 

conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by tbe business Col- 
lege world, These " Business Practice " Depart- 

The Principal of this Department Is r 

of unsurpassed ability, and gives his 

entire time 

lo his pupils. For more complete t 


aend for " The Commercial u 


ship, aud I*, wiih.un ,tn rn eptlon, lite beat lu 

The Principal of this Department stands at 
the bead of tin? Profession as an Artist; and 

ing equal," and devotes six Lours dally to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teaeher, 
Penman ami Artist, attend a school wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teaching. 
This School turns out more finished peumen 
than all tbe Business College 1'eiunanshlp De- 
partments lu the United Status combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of this School of Pun 
man chip Is Teachers' Training, as well as tbe 
development of Pen Artists { also Black- 

S,imI i 



Eclectic School of Shorthand <fc Typewriting. 


;b riini.LiN- liil'i.riiiutltiij regarding this U 


^iL*ulE> ■ 


— (larger Ht ifnTiiiujhm, _ _ 

,/ns /i«j/ J&TAL 

[mint HT;j&Imui,hw ifiisfffutr. 


was Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy Executed at the Office of The Journal and Represents In a Reduced Forr 
lonials of Merit kept In Stock. Special Orders for Blank Forms and the Filling of San 
Estimates Clven on Request, with Circulars. For Samples 

The Ab 

the Testirr 

I 25 Cents. Full Size of above Certiflc 

nptly Executed In the Mc 
te 14x17 Inche 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

ist. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn the 

System. Only six books. 
2d. — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovals, etc. The first complete 

system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
3d — The lateral spacing is uniform, each word tilling a given space and no crowding or stretching 

to securo such results. 
4th — Beautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with sucli words as "zeugma, urquesne, 

xylus, tenifly, mimetic, and xuthus." 
6th. — Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the books of 

any other series — and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

very attractive to the pupil. 
B^ 1 — Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 


All the Copies 

of the Series 


^L^-/ • 


j . a. j \ 9. , . 


A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

205 Broadway, N. Y. for $1 par ye 


Entered at the Post Office of New Y< 

H. Y ., as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XII— No. G. 

Lessons in Practical Writing. 


[I'h..; tasons began <riih i/<, April nvmbm 
which maybe obtained by remitting 10 eente. 

As to learning to write it is a saying of 
olrl that " practice makes perfect" tbis is 
true or otherwise according to tile kind of 
ffitotice, "tie cau never reach the desired 
end of a journey by traveling upon a way 
leading in Hie opposite or wrong direction 
however earnest or persistet t may be his 
efforts. No more can one secure a good 
hand writing by persistent ly pnicticiugupon 
bad copies or bad ideals." The mind must 
first be able to know or think good writing 
before the Qngers can exeeuti it, 

A philosopher has remarked that " As a 
man thinks, so is he." The skillful band 
is the servant of a skillful mind. The great 
musters of the pen are such because their 
minds perceive clearly and perfectly the 
excellencies of their art, Hence the import- 
ance of studying carefully our copies anil 
the acquisition of a true mental conception 
of really good writing When a copy has 
been prani, ed for a I, -on it is well loclose 
lite eyes and endeavor to recall its form to 
the mind, and so at night recall and review 
it with the instruction for its practice. With 
a perfect mental conception and an ambi- 
tious effort, the hand will ultimately pro- 
duce the mind's ideal ThinkgooA writins 
and vim will a Hi u |y ,,,.,,, „„„,, WI .j Mng 

With these general suggestions we will 
uow consider the practice which we have 

pi • front the impils of our numerous 

Dan First Mr. C. submits „ sheet of his 
gaetfee exercises from cupy li as follows: 

d^t-wz^/ ■^^^u^^T^y 


/'7 I -/ t 

t 1 his pupil has Still much I" learn, vet the 
Prjetiee is ,„ore than fairly good-Wore 
the detailed criticism of the 
■Oil "f Mi, letters we would say that it is 
pident from the writing that there has been 
fc° much „ nscl . „,„ V e m c„, f„,. trcc L „l 

rapid writing, aud ihere should yet be con- 
siderable practice upon movement exercises. 
All learners should precede every seasoD of 
practice with a few minutes of practice 
from some movement t 

a closed line 

No. 2. 1 
where there 

No. 1. Here is a long straight initial line 
open semi-angular turn at the top where 
the copy it is a righl curve initial, aud 
the trip. 

; is a closed angular turn 
i round turn in tbe copy, 
[o. 3. Here are open turns wbere tbey 
closed angles in the copy. Between tbe 
i first parts of the m there is not over 

' v > v> -j y j y 

c/a y yy ; j ; j 

It will be seen that Mr, G has failed both 
in his practice and understanding of the 
item In the copy he should have observed 
that tbe stem consists of a left and right 
curve so that if we were to cut the stein in 
the center there would be a left aud right 
curve alike only that the right or lower 
curve is shaded, while in the practice the 


First write down a page of stems on the 
combined movement carefully observing 
form and spacing, and turn tbe paper up- 
side down and duplicate as in the copy this 
is one of the best disciplinary movements 
tbat can be practiced. The following copy 
may then be practiced for the lesson. 

We shall be phased to have a large num- 
ber of learners send forward at least a page 
of their practice from tbe present exei- 
cises and copy for criticism in our next 
lesson Send early, as our lesson must le 
prepared for the next Ietue before July 6. 
Among the matiy specimens of practice we 
have received those of G o Putnam, Logan, 
Iowa, P. 8 Carr, Marysville, Cal., and II 
Hood, Bangor. Me . are deservingof special 
mention A portion of Mr. Carr's work 
would have been reproduced for an ex- 
ample had it not i een written with red ink, 
A 11 exercises <-lii ul.l be in black ink. 

Class Drills. 


two thirds of the space there is bet> 
second and third. See No. 4 als 
connecting line is straight wbere it is left 
curve in copy. 

No. 5 is an angular turn where it is round 
in tbe copy. 

No, IS is a letter much higher than any of 
tbe others. The down stroke is curved and 
it closes with the up stroke more than half 
way down where it should do so not over 
one-fourth of the way. 

No. 7 is a wavy line where there should 
be B right curve, thus imparling a doubtful 
character to the letter. It mav stand for 
either an n or u. So also No. 8. 

No. 1) is a long straight line for a terminal 
where there is a right curve in copy. 

Of course similar citicisms would apply 
to each line of the practice, It has been 
our effort only to point out a few of the 
errors of practice as examples 

We will now consider the practice upon 
capital stems, using for criticism practice 
submitted bv Mr G 

lefl curve is veryloog No I aud the right 
curve is short. In No. 2 the oval is nearly 
horizontal. No. 3, there is also great varia- 
tion in size of ovals and the spaces between 
the steins numbers 4,6 and li, with these 
criticisms we will give the following excr- 

« for practice, 


j. drill ioi accuracy oi movement unu iwiui. 

Editor of The Journal : 

Dear Sin :— Pursuant to your recent re- 
quetl 1 send you au outline of my work in 
drilling 1 u-gc classes. In tbis article I shall 
mention my methods in tbe literary institu- 
tion only, I believe that 1 he work should 
be adapted so far as possible to the needs 
of tbe pupil when he goes out into his par- 
ticular field of usefulness To the prospec- 
tive teacher a critical knowledge of the 
theory of penmanship ia indispensable, 
while to the business writer such knowl- 
edge is of verv little use. With this end 
in view I require every literary student to 
be provided will] a Spencers' Bros, copy 
book. Tbis is kept blank and is used only 
for drills in analysis 

The first week of each trim is devoted to 
i be explanation of positions, movements, 
and tbe discussion of questions pertaining 
to theory No pens are used until each 
student understands and can use an eauy 
rolling motion of the forearm. 

I then 

drill i 

ole by 


be made si 

four or flvi ruled • « ittmut sliding tbr 

sleeve. Tin.]. Mi-i- .in tln-n taken up in Me 
lull. twin- onl-'i 

Short Letters, dlrecl oval capitals, semi- 
extended, reversed oval, loop, stem. I 
teach by groups and complete each group 
before, taking up another. 

The short letters are taken up in their ol- 
der and each thoroughly analyzed, and pra<- 
i;, ,i singly, then In an exercise, and finally 
with each preceding letter of tbe group. I 
then change to the direct oval capitals, for 
I find that a student. like any calf, will do 

beiterwith a change of pasture. 

For a few minutes during each hour 1 
call upon students to name tbe lines aud 
principles of letters without reference to 
the hand Chart. Some interesting discus- 
sions are thus provoked and each student 
becomes familiar with all essential princi- 
,i|ilt - underlying plain penmanship. 

Mere tillinn is n<.| t>>«-hu,<) Students can 

be trained to think In learning to write aa 

well as in anv other study, and skillful 
questioning Is the teacher's weapon with 
which to draw them OUt. 

Word writing is gradually introduced, 
followed by sentences, notes, letter writing, 
and dictation exercises to be written in a 
small running hand, and entirely without 

During the last week I gave some mark- 
in- alphabets whleh are valuable to tbe 
h :i< Iht in outlining, etc. 

I try to make mv pupils reas nol 

Imitators, so thai tbej can ul and work 

out the problem of teaching as their pecul- 
iar surroundings may requir 

' Very trill 

I \i B 

Expertism in Writing. 

Mr. Ames, of the Penman's Art Journal, 
gave the Friday morning talk before the 
Packard College, May 11. taking for his 
subject •'Expertism in Writing." Mr. 
Packard in introducing him, said : 

" It ia our custom, as you know, to bring 
before you on alternate Friday mornings 
distinguished doers from the outside, the 
purpose being not to give you specimens of 
oratory, uor to invite men simply because 
liny have Ihe gift of speaking, but to let 
you see and know the men who are active 
in the imporlant concerns of the day — the 
m"n who, having devoted themselves to 
specialties are prepared to instruct you, as 
well as to enteriain you. If occasionally 
we are fortunate enough to find a good 
speaker as well as an eminent doer, we do 
not discount him on that account. The gen- 
tleman who is to address you this morning 
is known to you for his excellent work in 
the direction of your own Studies, He is 
himself a teacher, having, in years past, 
conducted wilb eminent ability and success 
an institution of this kind, and during the 
past fifteen years and more, having given 
his whole time to the production of artistic 
work with the pen and the promotion of 
penmanship literature. As an artistic 
penman he stands at Ihe head, and as the 
editor of the Penman's Art Journal he has 
made a home for himself in the hearts of 
aspiring young men and women through- 
out the country. He is an eminent teacher 
and a successful editor and publisher ; but 
beyond this, he has made a national reputa- 
tion for himself in the line which he is 
asked to pursue in his lecture. He is prob- 
ably the best cxp rt on handwriting in this 
country. He has had more experience than 
any other man, and has been uniformly 
more successful in sustaining himself and 
his opinions. I can say of him also what 
cannot be said of all persons of his profes- 

to be bought ; first, because they are not 
for sale — no retaining fee ever having been 
large enough to tempt him, and second, be- 
cause they are so strongly founded in his 
convictions that to go against those con- 
victions would render his testimony utterly 
worthless. I have often said of Mr. Ames 
what I verily believe to be true, that if it 
should appear to him on good testimony 
that he has made a mistake in his judg- 
ment, he would be willing to say as much, 
even on the witness stand. I do not think 
he has ever been put to this test, because he 
never goes into a case which he has not suf- 
ficiently investigated before appearing as a 
witness to satisfy himself beyond any doubt 
US to th" truth in the premises. These 
are the days oi auochllis'.s, and men are be- 
ginning to understand that inasmuch as no 
person can know everything equally well, 
it pays to know much in single directions; 
and among the henefits which are being de- 
rived from this new departure of expert 
testimony is the removing of doubts in im- 
portant cases depending upon circumstan. 
tial evidence as to the innocence or guilt of 
the suspected parties. There is, in fact, no 
kind of evidence that is tod iy more reliable 
or more convincing to a jury, than that 
which is presented by persons who have 
made the scientific truths which bear upon 
the case a life J-tudy, and who are able to 
present the proofs in such shape as to leave 
little or no doubt in the mind of the jury, 
or of the public , and in no line of expert 
tes imony has there been more improve- 
ment, or better results, than in that of de- 
tecting counterfeit handwriting. It is, of 
course, to the interest of lawyers to decry 
Ibis lestimouy. uuless their cause is I hereby 
upheld, and it is oftentimes purchasable and 
inconclusive; but the record which Mr. 
Ames has made is one of which he has 
cause to be proud, and one which does 
honor not only to himself but to his pro- 

Mi Ami.-, .poke substantially as fol- 
low-. : I purpose in speak upon writing 
chieflj En respect to its personality, but 
briefly would allude to it as an accomplish 
meut and business qualification. A- an ac- 

complishment it can scarcely be ( 
mated. It is like good dress, good i 
and good breeding, which always 
their possessor. It is something that speaks 
for itself at sight, it uceds no introduction 
or commendation. As a business qualifica- 
tion it more frequently opens the way to the 
highest success in life thau any other attain 
ment. First, because it is the thing wanted; 
secondly, because its possession can be 
made at once apparent by the applicant for 

Not only is good handwriting in itself a 
commendation but it implies many other 
qualities which go to determine the value of 
service aud bring success in every occupa- 
tion in life. Good writing implies good 
judgment, good taste, neatness and perse- 
vering application, and these are the very 
qualities which commend the young man to 
the confidence and esteem of his employer 
and lead to promotion and ultimate sue- 
Perhaps I should say a word as to what 
constitutes good writing. Ideals for good 
writing are very numerous Many young 
men who have acquired the capability to 
flourish a bird or a beast and to flourish 
the alphabet continuously without lifting 
the pen. Or to cut all manner of antics upon 
the paper, and whose writing when present 
ed upon a page from its suberabundance of 
flourishes appears as disorderly as a brush 
pile or a last year's cobweb, account them- 
selves excellent writers, but they would 
scarcely receive commendation or employ 
ment by any practical business man. 

The first essential of good writing is legi- 
bility ; second, facility in execution; third. 

tion, that is to say the giving of principle 
aud then proceeding from those toconstrucl 
the different letters of the alphabet and 
wrilingaccording to these rules. The art 
Df writing is thai particular feature which 
is imparted by the writer, independent of 
and at variance with such rules. It is the 
latter feature which gives to writing its pe- 
culiar and inevitable personality, of which 
I purpose chiefly to speak ibis morning. 


• How Personality A-s<-rts itself. 

You are all familiar with writing con- 
structed according to rule and atandnrd as 
laid down by ihe various authors in the 
numerous published systems now in use. 
If any considerable number of persons 
were to learn to write under the tuition of 
an experienced VacbiT. practising from the 
same forms and by the same direction, tiny 
would tend to a more orless degree of same- 
ness in their style of writing, so that quite 
probably there would be a certain number 
of pupils one of whom might first write a 
line under a copy and then * ach another un- 
til a dozen lines or more had been written 
by as many different bands and yet present 
such a sameness that the casual observer 
would not perceive they were not written 
by one person. This would come from the 
fact that all had practiced from and emulat- 
ed the same standard. In such writing 
there would be very little personality. It 
might be hazardous if such writings were 
to come iuto dispute for even an expert to 
express au opinion rwpi cling them. 

But were each of these learners to go into 
as many different pursuits where they 
would practice their writing subject to their 

graceful construction. To be legible c>ieh 
letter must have its specific characteristic 
so perfectly defined as not to be possibly 
mistaken for any other letter of the alpha- 
bet. To he rapid it must be constructed 
with the simplest forms possible, of medium 
size, with Utile shade, and written upon the 
combined forearm and finger movement. 
It should be written with a pen of medium or 
more than medium coarseness which would 
easily glide over the paper aud give a clear 
strong hair tine, To be graceful theremust 
be a reasonable uniformity of proportions of 
letters, slant, shade, spacing, etc. 

Writing, even though it were as perfect 
as the best copper-plate, if executed at the 
rate of a line per hour would be utterly re- 
pudiated in business, or if it could be writ- 
ten with the speed of lightning, yet illegible 
it would be equally unacceptable for any 
purpose. So that it is a combination of legi 
bilily and rapidity that constitutes writing 
most desirable for all purposes. 

It is true that Ihe specific quality of writ- 
purposes will vary. It is obvious that a 
ing who may commend itself for different 
young man tilling policies In an insurance 
office, where the style aud quality of bis 
writing is largely the criterion of his useful 
ness, will be pardoned for writing much 
more slowly and with greater deliberation 
than will an entry clerk. A correspondent 
would very properly make use of a differ- 
ent rate of speed and style of writing than 
would an accountant or law clerk, so that 
the different merits which would commend 
handwriting will vary according to the pur- 
poses for which it is to be used. 

Writing is very properly considered both 


sists of the prescribed rules for its oonslruo- 

own judgment, tastes, dispositions and en- 
vironments, their hands would gradually 
undergo a change and very soon assume a 
style peculiar to each and differing as wide! 
Iy from that of his fellows as would his 
own personal characteristics and circum- 
stances. After the lapse of a few years this 
peculiar style of writing, from much 
practice would through force of habit he 
so firmly fixed as to become, as it were, a 
part of the writer, and represent him as 
completely and unmistakably as his physi- 
ognomy and personal appearance. 

By such practice writing comes to be al 
most purely the product of the band, that 
is. it is done by sheer force of habit, the 
mind taking no cognizance of the work, it 
being entirely occupied with. the matter 
which isbeing transcribed These varicus 
modifications and departures from thestand- 
dard acquired as learners will have been so 
gradual and so unconsciously incorporated 
in the writing as to be almost wholly un- 
noted or observed by the writer, aud they 
will he well nigh innumerable. 

Here the speaker illustrated at the black- 
board the manner in which these changes 
come. First making the alphabet in stand- 
ard form, and then introducing numerous 
variations showing bow, after the lapse of 
time, letters wculd come to vary widely in 
Ihe peculiarity of their construction which 
is equally true of their mode of combina- 
tion. [See illustration in center of page ] 

He illustrated how each of these varia- 
tions constituted a personality of the writer 
aud how these would become conspicuous 
or eccentric and numerous precisely ac- 
cording to the eceentricily or personality of 
the writer, and that persons win odd 01 
eccentric develop a correspondingly odd 

or eccentric handwriting. That a person 
quick of thought, speech, and motion, 
would naturally write with a corresponding 
degree of celt rily. Continuing, be said: 

It is due to the fact of these multitudi- 
nous changes, many so sli-rhi as to be 
scarcely noliceable. and others so conapicu- • 
ous and odd as to instantly attracl attention 

if not comment, and all so firmly fixed in 
the hand of the writer, through the rorCQ of 
habit and from long practice that, even 
ilmii-ii |,c were to be conscious of them all, it 
would be impossible for the hand at once to 
avoid them entirely, but in view of the fact 
I bat a vast preponderance of the ininutia of 
this writing habit are unknown, no specific 
effort can be made for their avoidance, and 1 
a real skillful expert examination is sure to 
determine the identity of any considerable 
amount of writing in dispute 03 comparing 
it with the known writing of the suspected 

PItfalli fur tlie r»rg«>r. 

There are three insuperable dilllculties in 
ihe way of the forger. First, he cannot so 
know iiisowu habits or control bis own 
baud as to set it aside eutirely at will. Sec- 
ond, he cannot possibly note aud observe all 
the personalities that enter into the hand- 
writing which be would reproduce. Third, 
only ^perfect artist could perform the work, 
even though conscious of every personality 
of his own and the hand he would copy. It 
often occurs that a forgery is apparent from 
the fact that the forger is greatly inferior in 
artistic skill to the author of the writing he 
attempts to assimilate. The mere will does 
enable a hand to cxercis? a cunning it has 
never acquired. A skilled forger, too, of- 
times fails from inability to lower his stand- 
ard to that of a very awkward and inexpe- 
rienced hand. 

Forgeries are most frequently confined to 
the reproduction of a single signature. Here 
the forger has the advantage of having be- 
fore him a copy upon which he may practise 
until he has attained to considerable skill in 
its reproduction; or be may make use of the 
various mechanical means for securing a 
correct outline by which he will be guided 
in reproducing his copy. Where the former 
method is employed there is usually a fatal 
lack of accuracy as to form. The other 
method usually leaves signs of the slow and 
hesitating movement required for carefully 
following an outline, also general retouches 
til the shaded lines which, when examined 
under a microscope, arc at once apparent 
Forgeries thus made may generally be de- 
monstrated from the very character of the 
work without any reference whatever to Ihe 
genuine signature. The farmer class will 
be delected only by a very cose comparison 
of forms and characteristics as between Ihe 
genuine signature and the spurious. 

Au amusing instance of ihe detection of 
this (his-, of simulations occurred in my owe 

experience sometime since, when called to 
a certain law office for Ihe purpose of exam- 
ining a contested will. The junior member 
of the firm took occasion to speak disparag- 
ingly of expeitcxaminatious of writing, -ay- 
ing that a clerk of his could copy his own 
signature so closely thai he was unable him- 
self lo detect ihe difference; nor did he be- 
lieve lhat any expert could do so. I had 
never Been either the writing of ihe lawyer 
or that of his clerk. After a few minutes the 
lawyer handed me a sheet of legal cap covered 
from top to bottom with his name, remark- 
ing that a portion of the names were writ- 
ten by himself and a portion bj bisclerii 
and reiterating that he believed it to be be- 
yond the power of an expert to determine 
which were hisatid which the clerk's. Tak- 
ing them in my baud I examined them not 
to exceed one minute " You wrote that, 
that and that." I said, indicating three of the 

signatures, " and youi clerb wrote the 

rest." The lawyer admitted the correctness 
..I m\ answer and expressed great surprise 
:tt its readiness and accuracy and asked how 
I had determined 

I explained that in looking down the 
page 1 observed that tbe writing of one 
(lass of names was entirely homogeneous. 
In it- turns, shade-, grace ot line and all 
l here was apparent a free, natural move- 
ment; while in another set there was hesi- 
tancy in tin* lines, angles in the place ol 

round lures, shades varying in place and 
degree, a different slanl. and want of homo- 



therefore appan 

that one class of i 
thoughtlessly and i 
with thought and c 
ence being thai rba 

genuine, hence wril 
Another amusing 

a few weeks since ii 



laturally. and the other 
ire. the inevitable infer- 
,e miturolh written were 
ten by the lawyer. 

i the Custom House of 

He tbi 
tight be photo engraved 
rewi b. and which we 

this city. Several thousand dollars worth 
of valuable silks had been tnkeD from the 
public stores on forged orders. These when 
presented to the various parties whose in- 
dorsement they purported to bear all pro- 
nounced their signatures and indorsements 
genuine and accounted for their presence in 
various ways. I was called to the Custom 
House to examine these orders, and if poa - 
sible to determine who nad written the body 
of them. I at once discovered that all the 
Signatures which had been pronounced gen- 
uiue by their authors were actual forgeries 
and were afterward so admitted to be by (he 
wriiers These signatures had beeu made 
from tracings, which under the microscope 
was very apparent in the peculiar quality nl 
the lines, in numerous retoucbes of the shad 
iuga, ami iu some instances remnants of the 
guide-Hue which had not been entirely 
erased by the use of rubber. 

In simulated writiug the work is gener 
ally upon a more extended scale, extending 
often to whole pages of writing. Where 
this is the cise it is not often that the lorger 
can have before him the text ready pre 
pared. It is therefore something more than 
a mere copy of writing. He must make up 
b s composition; to do this he usually 
studies his text until be has formed an 
idea of the general forms of the writing 
which he would simulate, and having estab- 
lished in hisowj mind a standard form for 
each of the. various letters these are repeated 
with a very great sameness, so much so 
that often the different, peculiarities will 
appear with almost the accuracy of unvary 
iug type. It will lack the general variation 
of free and thoughtless writing, also the 
quality of the lines will be chauged 
or less hesitancy ; unnatural rests; 
ous retouches or alterations for the double 
purpose of concealing the simulator's iden- 
tity and making more complete tbe simu- 
lation, and thus he is betrayed. 

In disguised writing tbe single difficulty 
of the writer is to dispense entirely with his 
own characteristics While he may change 
absolutely the general appearance of his 
baudby usiug a widely different pen, chang- 
ing tbe slope, incorporating odd and pecu- 
liar forms foreign to his hand, there is yet 
a multitude of the lesser peculiarities that 
Will inevitably come in through the force 
Of habit sufficient uuder a careful and skill- 
ful examination to almost invariably estab- 
lish his identity. 

It is often the case that tbe writing of 
different persons very closely resemble each 
other in their geueral effect, as do persons 
of about the same figure, with nothing 
strikingly personal iu their physiognomy or 
appearance . yet there can scarcely be any 
mistake of identity as between a dwarf and 
a giant or a sound man and a cripple. It is 
so with the handwritings Writing of about 
the same size, done with tbe same pen 
and the same ink and by persons who have 
practiced from similar 'systems may, In its 
pictorial effect, have a close resemblance 
audyelinits minute details the difference 
is as marked as would la- the disposition and 
Character of two persons, who. from tbe 
their general appearance, might 

The 'speaker then proceeded to point out 
tbe difference between the original and the 
copy, after the manner that he would ex- 


Smith, One 

two words were writ'en by the same band 

The combination St, not o'uly in the form 
of the letters hut the relations which they 
sustain to each other, and the peculiar A in 
tbe word Aibans and its manner of Joining 
ou to the I. but more particularly the pecul- 
iar 0, with its very large circular bulb at 
tbe bottom, and the s with its fiual projec- 
tion downward, are such as to form the 
most conclusive evidence of identity. 

Mauy other equally sinking and interest- 
i ii g iiishi nee- t.t Hie convincing evidence In 

be drawn from the comparison of band 
writing might be cited; but I have already 
far exceeded the allotted time for my re- 
marks. Notwithstanding we often bear the 
unctuous criticisms of cavih rs respecting 
tbe value of conclusions drawn from expert 
examinations ofbandwriliug, it is my belief 
that in a great proportion of the instances 
where handwriting is brought into question 
the conclusion of skillful experts presents 
evidence which may be classed as among 
the most reliable of circumstantial evidence" 
Indeed, there are cases where the combina- 
tion of circumstances are such as to rentier 
the conclusion little short of an absolute cer 

reach a conclusion almost 
if I had been present and see 

; been able t< 
is positive at 
i the work per 

Amoug the distinguished pel 
beard tbe lecture was our very 
brother and co-worker. Mr. D. 
man.ofQuincy, 111. 

to the city for the first time as a lay dele- 
gate to the great Methodist convocation. At 
the conclusion of Mr. Ames' lecture Mr. 
Musselman was called for and made a 
speech to the boys which they will not soon 
forget. It was bubbling over with good 
feeling, and propelled by an enthusiasm 


(taken one for the other 
■ following is a speein 

highly characteristic arc. .. 

:h accidentia] coincidences 

Jent in two writings: 

of writing 

<%/ U.db^dxstyy 

- /A-., 


At this poiut the speaker requested one 
oi the young men present to write his name 
twice on the blackboard. Mr Packard 

facetiously suggested that he was doubtful 
if any of the young men under his tuition 
couhl write his names, but on tbe sugges- 
tion of one of the professors one was found 
who inscribed bis name twice upon the 
hoard with apparent ease. Another young 
man was invited lo enpy ibis twiei as nearly 
;is possible. Each of the young men was 

Eucational Notes. 

The police have prohibited I lie Cornell 

\ i ii in ihc streets of Ithaca. 
The amount necessary tor maintaining 

the Sun Kr.imisco seluiol dcpiirlmcnl lor 

n. vi yearis placed at $1)70,000. 

Yale has over so post graduate courses 
and over thirteen hundred graduates. 

The Iowa Slate University has asked the 
Legislature f ( .r ^o.iilX) to buy a baseball 
ground for the students. 

Columbia College has ou its rolls 1.829 
students, an increase of Jo'.l over last year. 
Among those are 54 women. 

Princeton's New York Alumni Associa- 
tion is the largest in the country. 

There are now (100 students in Claflin 
Univeisity, Orangeburg, S. Can institu- 
tion for colored people. Most of them arc 
paying their own way. and are studious, 
zealous, and ambitious. 

The decree has gone forth at Columbia Col 
lege that henceforth professors and students 
must wear caps and gowns. 

There arc about seventy kindergartens in 
Philadelphia, fourteen of which are free, 
being supported by charity ; twenty six are 
under the the public school system, and 
thirty are private. 

" It. is proved by figures thai cannot be 
questioned, that in New York and Penn- 
sylv:iiii:i, ihc illiterate man's liability to 
crime is seven times that of the educated 

The eight-year old Princess Wilhelmine. 
of the Netherlands, has her mother for prin- 
cipal teacher. She learns the piano forte 
and horsemanship from Queen Emma. Her 
instructions in rending, writing, arithmetic, 
and the modern languages is divided among 
a number of teachers, every one of whom is 
strictly charged by the king to treat her 
exactly as they would any other school girl, 
and never to address her as "your royal 
highness," or even as " princess," 

Iu 188.1, Germany spent for the education 
of her people $40,900,011(1, England. $86.- 
000 000; France, $!.->. oilO.OOO , Austria. $9,- 
000,000. and Russia, $.-,,0110,000 The United 
States in that year spent $100,000,000 for 
education or as much practically as the 

five nations 1 bined. — Ex. 

forgery, by comparing it 

One of the interesting incidents in con- 
nection with tbe address was a little band- 
bill, upon which was printed specimens of 
writing that led to the identity and convic- 
tion of aman for murder. [See illustration 
in center of this page.] 

The circumstances were that a man by 
tbe name of John P. Phair. near Hutlaud. 
Vermont, murdered a woman, robbing her 
of jewelry and various other articles of con- 
siderable value. For a long time there was 
no clue to the murderer. Finally a detec- 
tive found in pawn shop in Boston several 
of the articles known to have belonged lo 
tbe woman. Procuring a description of the 
man who had made the pawn he at once vis- 
ited the various hotels in the vicinity, seek- 
ing for some clue to his identity. Finally 
at one of the hotels he was informed that a 
stranger answering to the description had 

stopped there and bud placed a name and 

address upon tbe hotel reef ' 

j this 
led for tbe murder but 

stoutly denied having been at the pawnshop 
or hotel. He was handed a piece of paper 
and requested to write from dictation the 
name and address upon tbe hotel register, 
which he did as shown in tbe second cut. 

The two writings were pronounced by ex- 
perts to be identical, which resulted in his 
being held for trial and was chiefly Insti 

■ntal i 

which In 


for murder, for 

which took the boys quite off their feet. 

" I don't know what to make of this big 
city,'' be said. " It's perfectly bewildering 

been able, 
way, and have not fallen i 
the sharpers*, but that is 1 
than otherwise. I c&u'l sc 
the thing I have tried on 

1 far. to find 
to the hands of 
ore providential 

bewildering things look. 

I have been wauling In conic here for a long 
time. I wanted to visit Brothel Packard 
and bis great institution; and I want to fell 
you. boys, that you don't know what you've 
got here. Y'ou don't appreciate your privi- 
leges. We people out West understand this 
thing better tbau you do. We get our in- 
spiration from New York; and we draw it 
greatly from Packard. I tell you we lore 
him. 'Perhaps you dotoo; but I don't think 
you can quite understand whai you have In 
this city and this school. I said to Brother 


■villi t 



Hile there are many mnrkid differ- 
bere arc p< 1 alhu coincidences which 

lie \w 11 Nigh impossible to two differ- 
"iu riling-- For instance, in the cup- 
here is really slight characteristic re- 
nce. In the F there is in (he loop, 
nd in the peculiar curve of the cap 
the manner of crossing a striking rc- 

epresentalive men of this 
country, one the head business college man. 
and the other tbe bead expert;' and I tell 
you, boys, it is true, — here they are, both of 
them. I don't believe you understand your 
privileges, anyway. You are not likelv to 
do it. You have eot to get older, like Mr. 
Packard and Mr Ames and myself, before 
you can find out what you are losing. 

" Whatever humbug there may be about 
business colleges, there is no bumbugabout 
the usefulness of what you arc learning 
here. A boy who soes out from this insti 
lotion, up in book-keeping, with .111 csmh 
lished handwriting, and a practical knowl- 
edge of arithmetic, such as yon all get. can 
look tbe world in tbe fare and shake bis 
flat at it if be wants to He has command 
of the situation. He need ask no odds of 
anybody Businessmen want him and be 
can dii Fate bis own terms I tell you, b«j b, 
this is a great country, take it altogether, 
and you ought to be glad you live In it. I 
hope you are." 

I- \M II ■>. 

Sunday-School teacher (to the bright boy 
of the cla»s): " Johnnie, how did Elijah 
die?" Johnny : "He didn't die. He was 
translated from tbe original Hebrew." 

Teacher— What can you tell the class 
about the translation of Elijah? 

Young Lady— Not very much, but I can 
tell all about the translation of Zola. — 
W.i»hin(jton Critic. 

"I may be a poor penman." said the store- 
keeper as he wrestled with the sign that bad 
fallen down from over the door, "but I'll 
show you that I can right my own name 
pretty well." — Y»nfa:in Sttttrsman. 

'•Mamma,'' said little Lydia. "ought 
teacher to flog me for something I have not 
done?" " No. my dear, why do you ask ?" 
"Cause she flogged me to day when I 
didn't do my sum." 

"Can some little boy tell me what ani. 
mills lie In wait for their food?" said the 
teacher, and little Johnny Binks. whose 
father h'<d suffered from the blizzard, pipes 
out, " Phase, teacher, the coal dealers.— 
Batton HuUitin. 

"Nearly all the words that begin with S- 
1-i are unpleasant ones," explained a teacher 
to her cla«s. " Can any one of you think of 

" I can." shouted a small urchin, holding 
up his hand, "slipper." 

Teacher (of spelling class)— " Tommy 
Traddles you may spell cigarette." 

Tommy Traddles (somewhat ill prepared) 
-■' Welf-er-my pa won't let me Ihmoke 
'em, iid' 1 don't think he'd care to have me 
thpell "em." 

Parent: " Who is the laziest boy in your 
class. .lob liny'.'" Johnny; "1 dunno." " I 
should think you would know. When all 
the others are industriously writing or 
studying their lessons, who is be that sits 
idly "in Ids seat and watches the rest instead 
of working himself''" "The teacher." 

A girl at the school down at Pierceville is 
so modest that she will not gel lessons in im- 
proper fractions; and there is one in Ibis 
city so modest that she always goes into the 
next room to change her mind. 

Teacher (to Tommy, whose father is a 
milkman): "Tommy, how many pints 
make a quart?" Tommy: "A quart of 
what " "Anything. Milk, for instance," 
•Two pints: one pint of water and one 
pint of milk." 

The University of Hologna has lust cell 
braled its HOOlb anniversary— a fact that 
should be noted by persona that are disposed 
to exaegeratp tbe antiquity of Bologna 

Siill.srige. ' '/'<•■■"/" II- nrl't. 

will find the 
. ns they may 
take advantage of either of our premium 

systems for a limited lime, See page 68 

%))'< of ^f»o»(0(jiap%r 

There vu something of a rush last mouth 
for our Phonographic tile- c mtaining the 
complete course of Mrs, Paokard'a lessons 
in tfuosoD Phonography. One wise man 
bought a couple ol don o and anotbi i bai 
written to know til what discount we will 
sell out the entire edition Bui we are 
making no discounts. The price note is 
si ..-,ii pa set (18 numhers) with binder, (2 
persel We have nol many of thecomplete 
sets left, These flgures may grow up, they 
will never gel any smaller. 

The Script Prize Contest. 
Responses to our offer of a stenographer's 
fountain pen fa the besl specimen of pho- 
nographic script, it> bo engraved for The 
-Iui'hnai., have been received from the 

following : Misses H. K. and Helen F, 

Carroll, Lfl Salle. N. V , (one of each); C 
II Miller, 186 t8th avenue, Denver. Col.; 
ErwlnBaer Prcscoft Arizona; Frank F. 
Doyle, Auburn, Maine, and Horace Yoth- 
ei , Cat, go, N, Y. Results will be an- 

am n<rd 111 the next issue of The 

,Imi knm This closes the prize contest, 
lint we would be glad to receive specimens 
from other parties to be used if suitable. 
The script should he written on dotted 
black lines, like that printed iD The 

Joi nsai 

Shorthand at the B. E. A. Con- 
Mrs, U H. Packard will have charge of 
the shorthand section at the B, E, A Con- 
tention She has issued a circular outlin- 
ing in a measure the work of the section. 
Among the subjects for discussion already 
-ir_'u< si..-d the circular names these: 
I. preliminary examinations mid qualifications; 
or. what shall n student know before enter- 
ing opon iii'- si lids "' : 
:" [|..« >li niiii En- isli saidies be pursued in con- 
nection with shorthand 
; Plral lesBons in shorthand; what should they 

he, ami liow enforced! 
I Class instruction mid dictation. 
,'- Individual instnii.'tii.n when given, and how 1 

when should dictation be begun! 

i Ai what stage should phrase writing begin? 

s_ Speed practice- 

!i When >lioiild t\ pi'writiuL' lie ln'k'un Mi'ili,n!- 

mi teaohlng tbe same. 
m Learning to rea i shorthand. 
ii. Matter for dictation, both tor shorthand and 

12, Bbonld good ponmai ship i" required "i the 

il ImwIi.iT evtent mitv dictation tic taken from 

r, sni.i.iytnu' rhr demand ("i anidlllionses. 

iu. \\ init Bliould be the minlmunj ol attaii tnt In 

■ I,... thand. typewriting] penmanship and 

■ . .., , .i icatlon Lo ■■■■ are a diploma ■ 

The work of the meeting will be on broad 

i"" - ■■■■ ilUoul anj r mce td ; >\ it. m 

Shorthand people are requested to write at 
once to Mrs Packard (101 Eaat23rd street, 
New York i answi ring these questions 


ii. .III.. in, I ■ 

Do > . ■ 1 1 know ol any one thin* i 
other that should receive the 

Short Sten 

— Mr Andrew -I. Unihutn. the well- 
known shorthand author, offers cash prizes 
amounting to $501) to be competed for at 
(lie next annual meeting of (he New York 

sinte Stenographers' Association to be held 
at Caldwell, Lake George, New York, on 
Aulmim gist. The contestant who shall 
write fastest and most accurately not less 

Hi in '.'.""in \\.>nls per minute for live success- 
ive innnil«'>. ami rend tin- same, i.s tO have 
S',"j;,. the hot '.'111- word man SlJ. . Nail tol 

iht 2 (class and $60 for the B25 i lasa 

— Brother SriOtt-BrownO, who grinds n 

little shorthand prist on bis own account, 
is iu a fren/y of excitement over the Jocr- 
NAi i ihorthand department. He wants to 

know if we hadn't belter dive up Munsou's 

phonography, which h<- says has been prac- 
i u ,lh in,, li.ui-rd toi i evenly years for hi* 

own little system which thinks nothing of 

bobbing UD in new uniform every few 

m ,ii lis Thankee, no the pace is a trifle 
too fast for us. 

Tbe gentleman overhead is James N. 
Kimball, who can do more things and do 
them lietter than almost any 

know, He is equally 
railway, performing i 
guitar solo, talking oi 
leading a church choir, 
to bass at Block Island 

t home building a 
type-writer or a 
acting shorthand, 
or dropping a line 
an a Sunday during 

Speed in Shorthand Writing. 

Vo flu Editor <;/'Tnu Jotjiinal : 

You have asked me to furnish something 
[or the June issue, audi do it with pleas- 
ure, knowing that whatever may be written 
on the Buhject of Phonography will always 
find some interested readers. 

Following the line already pursuid iu 
The JoubnaT,, perhaps some few words 
about getting up speed may not be out of 
place just at this point. 

Speed in writing shorthand depends upon 
only two requisites. First, a knowledge 
of the subject upou which the writer is 
engaged, and second, tbe ability to place 
upon tbe p per, without cousoioue thought, 
the forms required. v The mechanical part 
Of tbe process does not enter into tbe prob- 
lem to any great degree, for it is tbe strict 
truth that in none of the commonly adopted 
syslcms of phonography are tbe forms so 
lengthy or so difficult of execution as not to 
be made as rapidly as the tongue can utter 
the words. 

Willi regard, then, to tbe first requisite— 
a knowledge of the subject upou which one 
is writing It is almost an axion that no 
one can successfully place upon paper words 
with which be is unfamiliar, beating upon 
a subject of which he is also ignorant. Tbe 

knowlege of tbe nomenclature of the bot- 
anist and the naturalist ; some acquaint- 
ance with the sciences, with art. with 
engineering, and with the formulas 
of the man of Ionics and physic. In 
short, although it was said iu the cood old 
times that tbe " .lack-of-ali-trades " was fit 
for none, yet for this work none are so tit 
as the jarks-of-iill-trndes. 

And now how can one fit himself for any 
or all of these classes ! He is supposed to 
be absolute in bis knowledge of the system 
lie writes, be says he ' ' needs practice " (and 
he does), but how to practice, and what 
kind of practice, and when to practice, — 
these arc the points that I will try and give. 

In my own teaching I have found it neces- 
sary to divide the work into four classes, 
which I call. (1) easy matter. (2) moderately 
difficult, (3i legal, and (4) technical. The three 
exercises sent with this arc samples of the 
first, second and the last of these classes. 
The first is from a speech by tbe Rev. Rob- 
ert Collyer, and contains 178 words. The 
second is from Macauhiy's History of Eng- 
land, and contains 148 words; while Ihe 
third is taken from Gray's Anatomy, and 
has 177 words These are examples, and 
work like tbem can be made by almost any 
one, The matter should be first selected, 
and marked into phrases before writing. 

>3»Lv* L^.JCL, 

7 s 



in Shorthand Writing." 

the vacation months Tbe line is usually 
of indefinite length So are the bass that 
respond, and each comes with a pedigree 
and family history that furnish material for 
much delightful after-talk. 

.Mi Kimball is full of nervous euergyand 
[s enthusiastic to a degree lie is a great 
teacher of Bhorlhand and one of the most 
accurate and rapid of writers. Munson un- 
dented and undiluted is good enough for 
him, For several years he has heeu at the 
bead of the short band department of Pack- 
ard's College. His suggestions in another 
column are well worth the attention of 
every practical pbonographer,— both on 
the wing and in the chrysalis. So are tbe 

aecomp myinii selections in phonographic 

ni|d Hecan beat the world at this sort of 
thing. If you -should meet him to morrow 
and express any tidnv ration for the work, 
be would say, "Oh! that's nothing at all- 
dash it off— seventy- eighty words a minute 
—come lo the house some time and I'll 
\how \ < hi Borne script." 

The reduction in the price nl tin- Slum 
-rapb to sf'2.1 will naturally result in largely 
imrciMil sates and n<> far toward educating 

the public as to the capabilities of Mr. 
Bartholomew's ingenious invention. The 
.tin i:\ai, would he triad tobavesome frieud 
of the Stenograph send it some data as to 
the number of instruments in practical upl- 
and how they are regarded in business cir- 

sludeut should, then, resolve upon the posi- 
tion he is to occupy, and iu his practice 
meet the requirements of that position. 
There are but about four divisions that can 
be made, correspondence, legal work, theo- 
logical work, and technical work. Practice 
for the first of these should be mainly con- 
lined to writing I rotn actual correspondence. 
An old letter book containing letters which 
have been actually written and sent through 
ihe mails by some responsible house, is a 
gold mine for tbe student who desires to 
become an amanuensis, and can generally 
beob'ained from some friend " in business " 
There are also a few published "letter 
books." but L have never seen one that I 
consider in all ways a guide for the 

For theological reporting one cau easily 
buy bound volumes of tbe sermons of the 
great preachers of the day. and there is no 
better practice. 

In court reporting can alw lys be obtained 
published reports of noted cases, and almost 
any lawyer can furnish MB. copies of the 
many different forms used in getting oul 

When we come to technical work, how- 
ever, the task is a herculean one. Not 

everv one. n»f <•>"' >>' " huiuirat can ever 
,. M „.,l to cope -iicLTv-tnlh w illi the inulii 

ludinous forms iu this work is likely to 
Occur. The writer must possess at least a 
smattering of the dead languages— some 

Then the phonographic dictionary should 
be consulted for the outline of every word 
the form of which is not perfectly well 
known lo the writer. This done, the 
mater should be written from tbe phono- 
graphic copy, until a perfect knowledge 
has been obtained of every word and phrase 
outline, and they cau be accurately written 
without reference to the copy. Then one is 
ready for real practice, and tbe remainder 
of the practice upon this first article must 
be done from a reader. Like the old recipe 
where the hare was to be first obtained, so 
here the reader must he first secured— and 
this generally is the most difficult of all the 
obstacles that arise. A good reader, a 
patient reader, like an old frieud should be 
cherished. Having your reader, let him 
read, and re-read, and read again, ten times, 
fifty times, a hundred times Is none too 
many, ami if at the close of a day's work 
tbe beginner has perfectly mastered u selec- 
tion of two hundred words— he should be 
content, and know that he is getting on 
swimmingly. The next day "go thou and 
do likewise." Vary the work iu no particu- 
lar with the exception that in choosing a 
second selection let it be about the length of 
the first, but while containing simple words 
(tbe mire monosyllables the better} let them 
be if possible from another writer, and of a 
different ofeu from tbe first. If from a dif- 
ferent author the difference iu style of writ- 
ing will generally be sufficient to give 

variety to the phrases used, and to the choice 
of words. One hundred exercises of this 
simple character are none loo many. 

As to the speed at which those selections 
are to be written, set your mark high. 
Never give up even the first one nl less thau 
one hundred word* per minute, written with 
absolute correct net* of outline and position, 
and vi\t\x perfect legibility. If it takesaday, 
or a week, or even more, do this one thing 
and do it well. When you tiud that simple 
matter gets "easy" to you, that is, when 
yuu find few or no words the outlines of 
which you are unfamiliar with, choose 
matter similar to No. 2 of my examples. 
A few proper names (especially those whose 
outlines are to be found in the phono- 
graphic dictionary) will not be amiss if 
occurring in the text. In this class of 
matter be as thoroughly careful as in the 
first. Pay especial attention to phrasing. 
And a word right here. Never write a 
phrase which in both writing and speaking 
does not seem "natural." It will need but 
little experience to show what I mean by 
this. Id this class I would not advise 
lengthy exercises. Two hundred words 
will make an exercise of about the right 
length at first and five hundred for the 
maximum. Keep up the standard. Write 
and rewrite until little thought is required 
m to forms, and pay all attention to accu- 
racy of position and outliue. 

For the next class of work choose letters. 
They can be had for the asking, and nine- 
tenths, of the stenographers arc amanuenses. 
Then lake an example of legal work, and a 
sermon now and then. When you can 
write *" the first time trying "a letter of say 
tivehuudred words in four minutes, and 
tan read it back in three, and can do this 
'"every time" you need have no fear as to 
your ability to do the work of an ordinary 

In choosing your exercises if you cau by 
any possibility find phonographic copy, use it. 
There is no education for the shorthand 
writer like that of the eye. There is an 
unconscious spirit of imitalion tlutt K a 
wonderful aid in securing exactness and 
size of outline. Write a small hand. It 
takes longer to walk two miles tban one, 
even on paper. Write with both pen and 
pencil. Write with the finger movement 
mainly, the *' muscular movement" is of no 
avail for the reason that there is no regu- 
larity of motion and slant as in longhand. 
Hold your pen as you feel, gives you the 
best results— either as in longhand or be- 
tween the first and second tingers; in fact 
it is well to wiiie both ways, as in along 
"lake" a change from one to the other is 
restful. Practice upon separate outlines. 
If there is one form that presents unusua 
difficulty in execution, that is the one that 
should be mastered before all others. Read 
your own notes ; but let me say that no one 
who writes with accuracy ever writes a 
word he cannot read. Phonography is a 
precise science, there is no guets work — or 
should he none— write acurately and yon 
will read readily. 

The three exercises which I give will 
serve for practice. If difficulty is found in 
translating I would be pleased to send trans- 
lation to any who may -It-sin- it. 
.1. N Kimball, 

lttfi %lt $7th Street. 

Edison's Perfected Phonograph] 

Edison has al hist announced the comple- 
tion of his perfected phonograph and i 
making active preparations to put it on the 
market, lie expresses the greatest faith in 
its capabililies as a machine for receiving 
dictation, and the entire correspondence of 
his lar^e business is conducted through it. 
You just talk into the machine through a 
tube and the sound is stored up for future 
use by means of a wax tablet which 
the impression from a fine needle and 
it tu a diaphragm. You can dictate about 
1.200 words on a tablet and lay it aside for 
another (it will keep In order indefinitely). 
When through with the tablet it can he 
scraped automatically and used a number of 

The typewriter operator attaches himself 
to the machine by another tube and "takes 
oil " the dictation, goidg fast or slow at 

will. One of those operators was so en- 
gaged wheu a reporter called, a few days 
siucc, at the famous electrican's new 
quarters at Llewellyn Park, New Jersey. 

" All our business correspondence is car- 
ried on in this way now," said Mr. Edison, 
and be showed the letters as typed off by 
the listener at the phonograph. Some of 
them related to complicated matters and 
included elaborate estimates for electric 
light and other manufactured articles. 

• \\ 'r aavc lime for the person who dic- 
tates and for the typewriter copyist," he 
said. "They have not got to be together 
at the same moment. I can dictate when- 
ever it is most convenient and leave the 
typewriter to take it off by his machine 
whenever he comes to the office. It all 
comes out perfectly clear, aud there is 
scarcely any correction of the typed cor- 
respondence. Besides we don't need now 
to have a man who understands stenography, 
because the copyist hears the words just as 
we speak them -, and the phonograph, by 
pressiug one key. can be made to stop 
speaking and then go on when the copyist 
is ready, (or by pressing another key he can 
make the machine repeat as often as he 
wants anything he doesn't understand at 

" Won't that hurt stenographers in their 
business and give cheap typewriting opera- 
tors a preference over skilled ones?" was 

"No, intelligent copyists will always be 
in demand, to work in connection wilh the 
phonograph. Stenography will not be 
needed so much. But an intelligent ma- 
chine is not going to hurt intelligent laborers 
or employees. Don't you remember the 
history of the spinning jenny and Whitney s 
cotton-gin, and how those machines gave 
employment to more hands, instead of 
throwing people out of work ? The phono- 
graph, by facilitating business, will, if any- 
thing, open the door for more and more 
skilled operators and copyists, to meet the 
rush of new demands created by the im- 
provement. That's tiie waj these things 
always work." 

Another application of the phonograph 
was mentioned, viz , that it would be used 
for recording private memoranda aud busi- 
ness or other conferences where the presence 
of a stenographer is not desired. " These 
wax blanks, containing the memoranda, 
can be slipped off the cylinder and kept for 
reference," said Mr. Edison. " We have 
got a process, loo, of reproducing them to 
any amount from a single talking. The 
original cylinder or the copies may be 
mailed anywhere, supposiug you have 
dictated a letter on them, and then put on 
to another phonograph way off and made 
to talk. We have made mailing-boxes for 
this purpose, to carry the wax cylinders, 
aud they will carry all right, for we have 
te ted the boxes by throwing them up to a 
high ceiling and letting them fall, to see 
whether the shuck injured the Was Llttidfi 
the box. Then, speaking of practical uses, 
we are now able to put a phonograph 
cylinder at the telephone aud make it talk 
to some one in New York by wire. This 
we have done repeatedly. But if you are in 
any doubt about the Ihiug being useful in a 
practical way, I may as well mention that 
we break ground next Monday for building 
a big phonograph factory 600 feet long and 
75 feet wide. The contract is signed, by 
Which it is to be finished in two monihs, 
and the machinery is all ordered, A thing 
like that costs a great deal of money, and 1 
don"t go into it, neither do my associates, on 
a mere chimera. We've got three acres of 
grouud for the factory, and all the plant." 

Stenographers have very little reason for 
alarmthough, notwithstanding the rc-soun.-s 
of this marvelous instrument. It must 
necessarily be very costly, and probably will 
get out of order easily, (there are 1.500 
pieces in the machine). Again, the services 
of a type-writer operator are rcuuiredall the 
same, and an operator skillful enough to 
maintain aposition with a good house would 
command very nearly, perhaps quite, as 
much money as is now paid to the average 
stenographic amanuensis. A great obstacle 
to the success of the machine in th- othYe. 
we think, is the apparent difficulty of cor- 
leetur' mat) it already dietatud. And then, 
skilled hand labor will always command a 
premium. At least that is the way it loOKfl 
through the journals spectacles, 

Volapukian Shorthanders. 
To The Editor of The JourarAi.:— 

On the evening ol June 14 th a very inter- 
esting and instructive ad 're&s wasgiven by 
i',. i. (.'has. Bprague, author of Ffandbook 

of Volapuk. nl the rooms of (lie Metropoli- 
tan Stenographer- As-miali. n. "JOS U , -I 

Slst street, New York City, in which he 
explained the great utility of the proposed 
new universallanguage, 

About one hundred Btenogi phen were 
present, all of whom testified ii> their at- 
tention the esteem En which they held the 
speaker aud their appreciation of his mas- 
terly presentation of the new language. 

A circle, composed of members of the 
Association, will be organized at OliCC for 
the study of the language. 

Stenographers desiring further intoi ma 
tion regarding same, will please address F. 

M Applegate, Secretary. 



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327 Broadway, New York. 

"■Philadelphia, 834 Chestnut St. 
^Boston, 201 Washington St. 

Washington, Le Droit Building. 
Baltimore, N. Charles St. 
-Minneapolis, 12 Third St 
Chicago, 196 La Salle St. 

St Louis, 308 N. Sixth St 
St. Paul, 116 E. Third St. 

Indianapolis, 84 E Market St. 
Kansas City, 322 West 9th St. 
London, too Gracechurch St., corner 
Leadenhall. I II 

The Editor's Leisure Hour 

ture lessor in The Jour- 
nal, the test being lo tit 
the authors to fifty quota- 

. ■ oki d mi H'-pHiiM.i in :irlv ^u s ilM:ictnr\ 

us that from George H Schweinbart, of Bt, 

Mary's Instiiuie, The dash Ea 

made necessary by ihe singular fact that a 
person of such broad literary information 
should have omitted the address from bis 

Mr Schweiuhnrt's list still leaves about 
one-third of the quotations unplaced. Let 
some of the other literary readers of The 
Journal give us the benefit of their know, 
ledge both in filling out the list appended 
and correcting any errors which it may 
contain. For the list of quotations sec The 
Journal for May, page 71. 
This is Mr. Scbweinhart's list : 

8. George P. Morris. 

4. Pope. 

6. Butler. 

11. Cowper. 

12. Julius Cssar. 
18. Shakespeare. 
15. Tennyson. 

10 Holmes. 

18. Longfellow. 

19. Sarah Flower Adams. 

22. Emersoo. 

23. Tennyson. 

24. Richard Monckiou Milnes. 
86. Longfellow. 

29. Pollock. 
80. Keats. 

31. Thomas Hood. 

32. Filz-Greene Halleok. 
38. President Jackson. 

86. Patrick Henry. 

36. Said of Alexander Hamilton. 

87. Bishop Heber. 

38. Hood. 

39. Byron. 

40. Oliver Hazard Perry. 

41. Daniel Webster 
4:1 Captain Lawrence, 
44. Cowper. 

4.x Scott. 

46. Charles Kingsley. 

47. Ballad of the late war. 
49. "Washington Irving. 

"Of the remaining extracts" Mr. S 
writes "lam not quite certain, I am a 
diligent reader, yet have never met with 
them before as far as I can remember ; but 
I could get up a number to puzzle the 
noddles of our young litterateurs. That 
was a capital idea, and I am looking for- 
ward with much interest to the comiug 

Tlie Hen ami Egu Question. 

A number of responses were received to 
the " Barnyard " problem prepared in the 
May number of The Journal. The bee\ 
written letter (both as regards penmanship 
and diction) embodying the correct re- 
sult, came from S. Black, Jr., Wakefield, 
N H , and is as follows 

"I make the answer to the egg question 
in Art Journal 32 * \ eggs. I do it as fol 
lows : If one hen and a half lay an egg and 
one half in a day and one-half, one hen in 
one day will lay two-thirds of an egg, 6'., 
hens will lay Q% times ■'., which is 4}£ eggs 
this(4' a )is what'ti'. heus will lay in one 
day, and 7U days would of cmrse lay " l 2 
x -t 1 - which is ::-." , 

The correct result is also sent in I; Bow. 
ers. Wade B. Brown, Hudson's Mill, Va.. 
C. I. Hamilton, Withee, Wis., 8 S. He. 
aelgl kV6, St, Paul Minn., and olhers, 

A subscriber writes " A friend ash | me 

Lo multiply five dollars by Ave dollars. 1 
do so ami announce the result as $25. All 
right. Now multiply 600 cents by 600 
cents, giving (he answer in cents pure and 

simple, not as fractional parte of a dollar 

1 dO so and am surprised lo sec the figures 

i limb up to 360,000 cenU which [s $3,600 

As $6 and 600 cents are equivalent, the re- 
BUll is puzzling. It caunot be urged that 
decimal marks should be used. A cent, as 
such, is as distinct a unit as a dollar and as 
re nil is to be announced in rent*, the deci- 
mals cannot he pleaded in extenuation of 
the rather surprising result. But there is 
clearly sonic thing wrong, what is it V 
Referred to THE Journal reaucrs. 

The followiug note from M. H Parsons 
Correctiouvllle, Iowa, speaks for it-elf : 

"I have noticed several attempts in The 
Journal to construct, the shortest possible 
sentence containing all the letters of the 
alphabet, (has, B, Hall attempts one and 
breaks down right at the beginning He 
has omitted "W" and " Q." I will sub- 
mit one which contains all ihe letters and 
has no doublets;— J. V. Phlew and Q Z. Gib 
struck niv fo.\." 

Editor Charles C. Beale of Stenography 
Boston, revise:) Mr. Halls sentence in pre- 
cisely the same way. 

Half dozen others have written to point 
out the same error, among them H. D. Cro- 
we!!. Hartford, Conn.; J. F. Clark, Can 
ton, Pa , and Locke Thompson, Templeton, 

The objection to the sentence given above 
is that, one half of the letters written— are 
Used in proper names, those letters most 
difficult to place in ordinary words being 
smuggled in as initials. Proper names are 
purely arbitrary, aud one might bear the 
entire alphabet, as an appellation, had his 
parents so willed. The true test is to use 
no proper names at all. Let us see who 
cm make the shortest sentence in this way. 
using all the letters. 

From September 1, 1682, to December 81, 

1887, the comparative yearly exports of dia. 

mouds from South Africa were as follows; 

Carats. Declared Value, 


1887 3,599.036 4,261,881 

1886 8,185,433 3,607,210 

l«80 2.440,788 2.492,756 

1884 8,268,686 2.807.288 

18S3 2,413,958 2. 742,. 121 

Total. .. 13.862,895 15,81)1, til I 

Showing the very considerable total of 
£15.801.000, which does not seem to have 
been considered in comparative tables of 
exports and imports, though it has as much 
influence on trade by increasing the pur 
chasing power of South Africa, as if, in- 
stead of articles of luxury, they were in- 
gots of copper or lumps of pig-iron. It is 
estimated that since the beginning of the 
mines, in 1871-2, not less than forty mil- 
linns sterling value of gems has been ex- 
ported—all in first instance lo England, 

A writer in the London EconomUt calls 
attention to the strangely persistent value 
of diamonds during the period when valuc 8 
of every kind were diminishing by leaps and 
bounds, as well as the extraordinary "ab- 
sorbent" pnwi-r of the world in this respect 
The foregoing is the table from which he 
furnished his remarks. 

Lincoln's Silver Inkstand. 
Perhaps the most elaborate and costly 
inkstand in the country is the one now in 
the possession of Robert T. Lincoln, of 
Chicago, aud which stood for a time on the 
private desk of his father when the latter 
was the occupant of the White House. It 
seems that one of the delegates from Ari- 
zona in Congress, in 18(15, had become so 
fond of President Lincoln that, he wished to 
give him some memento of his friendship. 
He sent to Arizona for four hundred ounces 
of Silver, which were molded by Tiffany & 
Co into a handsome aud uniquely decorated 
iuksland The material itself cost $500, 
and the bill for the work upon it was $H82, 
It had not been on the President's desk a 
month before the assassination occurred, 
and far the twenty-tffO years since then it 
has lain in a vault. 

and if you don't you ought to,— that there 
never was a truer thing said than " the best 
is the cheapest." Bo while there are pens in 
the market thai cost only half as much as 
a\mes Beat, it i- in the long run the 

Guv Guthrie was a town bred youth who 
fouud, upon his father's death, that bis po- 
sition was not quite what it used to be when 
he had au overworked father to foot his 
bilk ami keep up appearances for himself 
and motherless sister. 

What the Careless bov would have dun.-, 
had it not been for bis father's maiden 
sister. Aunt Sopbroui*, no one knows, but 
she immediately sent for the brother and 
sister, cautioning ihem to bring all their 
belongings, for going to town was a luxury 
which she or her dependents did not often 
indulge in 

"If it were anywhere but in the coun- 
try," sighed Guy, ruefully, "I shouldn't 
Feel so about it." 

•' The green and blessed country," mus- 
ed Susie, ' I'd like it above all things." 

"Yes, because you are a girl, and never 
have to do anything anyway. Now I'll 
have to plow and drag and transform my 
self into a regular rustic, just for the sake 
of my bread and butter— a glorious pros 
pect, certainly " 

" Beggars cannot be chosers," returned 
Susie "And I shall have to work, too. 
Aunt Sophy wrote that she expected me to 
take care of the pouliry." 

'■ Quite a rooslereratic appearance you 
will make, won't you ? " laughed Guy. rue- 

" I shall not listen to your fowl talk." 
said Susie, endeavoring to rouse Guy from 
his gloomy feelings. 

■■ Gobble, gobble, gobble, gobble," sang 
Guy from the Mascolte. 

" Ba-a-a." came a merry voice from the 
doorway, and then George Mayuard came 
into the room, saying : 

"Practicing for the stage, Guy? I 
thought I'd run in for a particular parting 
call before you left us " 

The young man addressed himself to 
Guy, but his eyes were fixed upon Susie, 
and he drew his chair up to her side. 

"Very grateful. I am sure," returned Guy, 
mischievously. " But bs my attractions 
always grow small and beautifully less 
when compared to those of my sister, aud 
as I cannot consent to play the wallflower, 
I'll decamp to see you later." 

Quite a youthful couple were the two. 
Guy Guthrie so considerately left to them- 
selves for a last chat before their long sepa- 

Susie was a delicate little blossom of six- 
teen years, reared in all the idleness and 
luxury of a daughter of wealth ; the change 
to the sunshine and activity of ihe country 
promised to be a godsend to her, while 
George Maynard was the picture of health. 
He was but eighteen years of age, but pos- 
sessed every instinct of a refined and geuer- 

His true heart had been proved by his 
conduct to Guy and his sister. When their 
reverses had became known, he had faith- 
fully followed them from their beautiful 
home to the cheap boarding house which 
they now occupied. 

" So you're really going into the country. 
Susie ? " said he, when the clatter of Guy's 
departure was no longer heard. 

'* Yes," she replied, " and we can never 
be too grateful to Aunt Sophy for offering 
us a home at this juncture." 

" I like the country myself, or, rather, I 
think I would like it. I have nevei passed 
a week outside of the city limits. Perhaps 
some day, however, if you find a pleasant 
home there, I shall make you a visit and 
thus taste the pleasures of rural life myself."' 

"Yes," said Susie, flushing a little, "Guy 
will probably write you, and jou will know 
bow we are getting along. The worst fear 
I have Is for him. I am afraid he will not 
be contented there." 

" I shall certainly not lose sight of you, 
Susie I think you knew that before I told 
you, and I want to make you promise me 
before we part that you will not make any 
matrimonial engagements for five years. It 
seems a little eternity, doesn't it?" 

The young girl made no reply, but the 
tears iu her blue eyes, raised so trustfully 
to his, told George Maynard how deeply 
her feelings were stirred. 

" Wont you promise me, Susie*' And you 
may be assured, if we are bo'h living, dar- 
ling, in the end Of that time. I shall find you 

"I promise' she Bald i" B low lone, 
George drew the brown head to his shoulder 
and kissed the sweet face fondly. 

"That's a darling See. Su-ie. what I 
have broughi you." 

He drew from his pockel as he spoke u 
neck chain of elegant workmanship, and sus- 
pended from it was a locket of puresl gold. 
He touched a spring revealing a portrait of 
Irs own sunny face bidden in the heart of 
Ihe ornament 

"You see I did nut want you to forget 
howl looked. Susie. Will you wear this 


w be 

■ he, ' 

• Indeed I will. George. I shall treasure 
it as a memento of ihe happy life I have left 
behind me." 

" And as a token of the life in the future 
which will be still happier. Is it not so, 

Guy's footstep< were now heard on the 
stairs, and Susie had only lime to dry her 
eyes wheu he en'ered the room. 

" Ha. ha ! If y >u haven't both been cry- 
ing. What a precious pair of spoons ! 
Come down to the parlor. Let's have one 
more song before we part." 

The brother aud sister did find a change 
in the tenor of their lives, but it was a 
change for Ihe belter. Susie growing 
strong and robust in her beauty, and Guy. 
forgetting bis growing rust'.ciiy. delved 
away at farm work, as if be had been to the 

Occasionally they heard from their old 
friends, mostly through George Maynard, 
who corresponded regularly with Guy, but 
they never had returned, even fora day. to 
the old scenes 

Two years rolled rapidly into Ihe past and 
then Aunt Sophronia left them for a betler 

The two found themselves joiut owners 
of as lovely a home almost as they could de- 

Guthrie Cotlage was known for miles 
around for its <rraod old trees, its verdant 
lawns, climbing vines, and glorious roses of 
every variety. 

Guy and Susie were entirely happy in 
their home, although sometimes they did 
look back to the pleasant days of their 

One day Susie received a letler from an 
old friend. It read : 

My Dearest Susie: — I have just been 
listening to some glorious reports of your 
rural home, and another friend of yoursand 
myself have determined to inflict our com- 
pany upon you for a time. Who that other 
is I will leave for a surprise for you upon 
our arrival. Expect us Saturday. 

Minnie Little. 

Susie took the letter to her brother, where 
he was resting between a great oak in the 

" You remember Minnie Little, Guy?" 

"Yes I remember her," he replied. 
"George writes me that she is a beauty and 
a belle. I shouldu't wonder if she had sup- 
planted you. Susie " 

"Nonsense," ejaculated Susie, Impatient- 
ly. "Why can I you talk sensibly?" 

"Yon think it impossible for another to 
rival your charms? What an exhibition <>f 
vanity, Sue!" 

"Will you never cease your joking? I 
want the ponies and carriage to go after 
Minnie, Saturday." 

"Impossible, as the ponies will he in 

"Why, Guy, you wouldn't leave her to 
get here from the station by herself, would 

"Why not?" 

"What a tease you are. I repeat it— I 
want the ponies." 

"And so do I repeat it— you cannot have 

"Why, Guy, there is no reason why I 

should not have them 
"But there is." 
"What isit?" 
"Because I want them to go after Minnie 

myself " 

"I might have known it," laughed Susie. 
"Don't you want to do the housework and 
let me farm it while Minnie is here?'* 

"Yes," answered Guy. with a comical 
frankness. "That is exactly what 1 would 

"I thought so but it wouldn't do you un> 

good. Minoie would never noiice an old 
former like yourself." 

Willi thia parting Bbol Susie left her pro- 
v. -kin- brother to himself. 

Bui before Saturday there came another 
note which read us follows: 

Ki DbarSush — I havi been disappoint* 
ed aday or two in visiting you. Tin friend 
who Intended to accompany me was Mrs 

George Mayuard, I. ill a siiddi li summons Id 
New York lias prevented <iur visiting you 
together. I shall be with you on Tuesday. 

Basle read this note through the second 

•ii before she could comprehend its meair 


Mrs George Mayuard. Then George was 

married, and his wife had thought ot visit. 

Thrice blessed Providence which hadkepl 
her away ' 

And she had fancied herself <*n lt;i lt'-i I '" 
George Maynard! All too plainly she re- 

ini'iiil.i !,■ | George's wurds 

"Promise me not to make any malrii 

"1 never saw but one place to handsome 
08 this, and that In George Mayuards in the 
suburbs. You ought to see it, Sue." 

No reply from pale faced Susie, and Min- 
nie rattled away on some newly discovered 
beauty among the flowers. 

After a time Minnie aDd Guy began to 
quarrel whenever they were together. Susie 
looked on in astonishment and sometimes 
she had lo use ber best endeavors to prevent 
an open rupture. 

Although Minnie doted on the country, 
she did not like the people who inhabited it 
at all, she said. 

Guy, who had forgotten bis olden tirades 

ii ' the country, would always get almost 


" Think of a man spending his whole life 
behind a yoke of oxen," she said. 

"But I don't drive oxen," he retorted 
making a personal matter of it. " I drive 
the best of thoroughbreds." 

"Oh! I don't know," Minnie wou'd reply 1 
then she would be so silent when Guy did 
return that he would be angry with ber for 

" You arc the strangest pair," said Susie 
one evening, when she bad tried in vain for 
an hour to make them talk. "I believe you 
arc in love with each other." 

That most have hastened matters, for 
the next morning they were both miss- 

After ber work was done Susie sat down 
on the piazza to await their return. 

She was engaged upon some intricate 
fancy work, and while busily counting her 
patlern sbe beard a step near ber. She look- 
ed up to see George Maynard's brown eyes 
fixed steadily upon her. 

"George!" she exclamed. 

" Susie !" be cried, 

For a long delicious moment sbe remained 
ihere, and then she drew away. 

aught her to hit 

Dial engagement for five years." And tin 

rest bad been her own imagi 

Thank heaven the news bad come to her 

as It Lad, for now Minnie Little should 
never know, for doubtless George's wife was 
B mutual friend of theirs, and if Minnie 
knew. George's wife musl suspect ber 66- 

Bhe unclasped the chain and was about to 
throw ii away 

"I cannot! Ob. I cannot, ' she cried, and 
bid the long cherished souvenir upon ber 


Guy was thunderstruck. 

"I never imagine 1 such a thing," he said. 
"I haven't heard from him very lately; but 
Sue, one thing, don't question .Minnie one 
thing about him, or she may suspect some 

thing ' 

The black ponies were at the depot the 
aextTueada- evening, and came home again 
bearing a vision oflovelioeai in the person 
"I Minnie Little. 

Sbe was delighted with the countrj go 
Ing iuto ecstaeiea oyei Guthrie i ottege 

"Mr, Nicholson has a lovely turnout," 
returned Minnie, severely. " And, oh ! he is 
just splendid, always ready to take one 
where she wishes to go." 

"Cut I am ready to take you wherever 
you wish to go," said Guy, looking at her 

" Oh 1 I suppose so, but then I don't care 
lo go anywhere," carelessly. 

And then Guy would hitch up the de- 
spised span and drive off to the village and 
spend the whole day. 

"Sue," Minnie would say after a time, 
" when do you suppose Guy will come 

"lam sure I don't know." 

'■ Do you suppose be went off because he 

" I cannot say. If you think you are to 
blame for bis absence, why do you lease 
bim so?" 

J you not married? " 
ase ! What made you i 

if you'll have me," replied 

" But— but 

"Why, nor 

For answer sbe put Minnie's letter, which 
was in ber pocket, into bis band. 

"I see," be said. " I'll ask ber what sbe 
meant by writing such nonsense as that. 
But 1 think she meant me, for 1 proposed 
coining down here with her. 1 ' 

An hour passed by during which George 
told Susie a piece of unexpected good for 
tune which had befallen him. He wished 
to be married immediately and take her to 
the home Minnie had told ber of. Susie had 
scarcely consented when Guy and Minnie 
were seen approaching them, the arm of the 
former thrown about the slender waist of 
the latter. All the mischief had come back 
to Guy's blue eyes. He took off his hat to 
the couple on the piazza, and said, solemn- 

" I want but Little here below." 

When the laugh bad subsided George 
turned to Minnie. 

"Look here, Minnie Little, what did you 
mean by writing to Susie about Mrs George 

"Guy has been telling me something 
■'bout It," she replied. "I did not know that 
I had done so. Let me see the letter. " 

George banded it lo her. She read it and 

"II does look so. doesn't it? But my 
dear friends, that v is nothing more than 
a slip of the lieu." 

Editor of The Journal :-Enclosed you 

will find a pboto. of some of my pen 
work recently finished. I wonder if some 
of your subscribers wouldn't like to ex- 
change photo's of engrossing with me, as I 
have quite a number of different ones r 
Chab. O. Winter, 

.-Ktmt Life Tmiirinire Company, 
Hartford, Conn, 

Love Letters by Proxy. 

" I'm, I believe, the only person engaged 
in the business in Chicago," said the hand- 
some and bright lady whose business card 
bore the words : " Letter writer." "I have 
written letters for ladies who, from their 
wealth and surroundings, you would sup- 
pose could do their own corresponding. I 
have, however, found many such who could 
neither spell, nor write plainly, nor express 
their ideas. I have written a good many 
letters for persons who moke no pretense of 
their Inability to do so themselves. But the 
bulk of my patrons cometo me, not because 
they are unable to write, but because they 
cannot command expressions for their 


" What are the letters about ■■ allj 

"Well, that would be telling But if you 
won't say I told you, they are mostly letters 
of sentiment. The greater part are love 
letters. You think tbat persons would pre- 
fer to write such letters themselves. So 
they do when the sentiment they breathe is 
real. But the letters I write are those of 
occasion. Each party desires to impress 
the other with epistolatory beauties, and 
uot having any themselves— well, 1 furnish 
the seutiuients for tbem. It's very easy," 
she added, with a flavor of cynicism. 
" There's a regular stock of sentiments for 
all occasions that please all people alike. If 
some gentlemen who are the proud posses- 
sors of glowing letters from ladies knew 
tbat some of their frieuds had others from 
other ladies, but nearly all alike except in 
words, and all coming from the same source, 
they wouldn't be so proud. Ladies write 
much alike, and so, for that matter do gen- 
tlemen. I notice e*M Ihingabout the latter, 
however, that is peculiar. Young gentle- 
men up to the age of 23 or 24 are very effu- 
sive and gushing in their protestations. 
From that age on lo 40 they grow more 
guarded and cold. They are afraid of ridi- 
cule or something. Perhaps they are sus 
picious and distrustful. But after gentle, 
men reach middle life they return to youth- 
ful ardor in their letters of sentiment. 
Queer, isn't it?" 

" What oilier kinds of documents do you 

"Oh, letters of condolence, of congratu- 
lation, of ceremony and so on— letters tbat 
are meant to impress the receivers and are 
out of (he power of the apparent writers 
themselves to construct."— Chicago Herald. 

A Scratchy, Sputtering ivn 

will try the patience of a saint. What is 
the excuse for subjecting yourself to 
such an annoyance when you can get a 
quarter gross box of Ames' Best for 86 cents 
or a gross box for $1. 

An American writing from the Orinoco 
River sends home word that in a sixty days' 
trip hehasahot 880allgatoraand90 |aguan 

There are times when we are compelled to 
believe that the pen Is even mightier than 
the rifle.— Bo»ton flwft 

Penman's Art Journal 



D. T. AMES. Edit 

i I l-i i-M i I. 


The Journal's General Agent h<r Canada U A.J 
Small, whose headouarUm are 13 Orand Opera 
Haute, Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary " Circle dt 
la Salle t " Quebec, {P. 0. Box 164), U epecial agent for 
that city and vicinity. The International Newt Co., 
II Bouverie Street [Fleet Street), London, are Its 

forthjn OffttlU 


Gold Watches, Breeoh-Xioattlng Shot Gun 
HI IU-, Photographic Outfits, Scroll Sum 
anil Lathe*, Penmanship Outfits, etc 
tavKN HVAV. The opportunity of a lift 

s Pbai th *l Wbitihi 
D. T. Arm 

No. 8., 

K. M. Bait,,,: 
Kxpertiam in Handwritinn ...... 

Handwriting in (Jeneral ; H\<\\ Personal- 
it j Asserts Itself; I'itCalls fur tin- Former: 
A Muidfrer Hetrayeit by his Handwrit- 
ing ; A Fresh Breeze from the Prairies. 


mo Month of June [Verses] 

Brotuers Iliiinl.viilin- \ n.n).- I',-., 

maiiBbip; Noted 
Heating of Penmen 

EduuHliouul .in,i 
Tin: Eimti'r' 





. El't 
N I'aliller ; . 

llnr.l W, .,■!-. 

I''vi'H-it. i.-i \\ ntinc I t«ihi- 

Specimens 1>V V\ i.i In :-l i, 


Illustration- fm- " Kxppiti-m i 


ceedings of both 
least so much of I 
calculated to Intei 
The Editor's only r 

Special Summer Offer 

June, July and August. 

The new premium schedule of The Journal (announced in tho issue 
of February last) gave the friends of the paper something new to work for* 
To good, active workers the terms are the best ever made, and all persons 
who send subscriptions to the Journal should keep a copy of the premium 

issue before them. 

Some of our friends have written us that they have received money for 
subscriptions from persons who had been canvassed when the old premium 
schedule wns in force, and who were unaware of the change. Suchngents, very 
many of them teachers, have asked earnestly for a little further extension of 
time on the old list in order to meet such cases as we have named. 

In view of these facts we have concluded to restore the old premium 
offers for the months of June, July and August. The premiums are as follows : 

For$l theJoi bsai i 

Ith choice nf follnwliii: I'Vifimi pr, m 


e,«x23 Lor<Fi /'-(iijer 
1(1 x 24 Flo<a',,-->---i EOQlt 
18 *a> FtourUketl Stag 

,; Progi-m 

■i. ,-pil,in .■archil ivcriitluoiidti- ..(' » 
ountry. I'ri.-e bv mall, Micents eucli 
*nli*<TiinT remit tim: $1 for t lie .Jut 1 
,].\ mi A,„e, ,;■„,<■ to f,„ctirit «n<l i i - .' * >■ win Bend the Joi 

me i>r Ibe most el 
rtietic Penmanth 

The restoration of the old premiums will in no v 
ew plan which is far too good a thing to abandon or eve 

separate and distil 

.y interfere with tin- 
lay aside for a shoit 

Now. friends, let i 

i you lively all along the line 

To the National Teachers' As- 

We pen me d have long cherished a son 
of grievance against certain details of the 
public school system as we And it generally 
throughout the country. We say that while 
tbc pupil is loaded down with geography, 
stuffed with grammar, dosed with logic and 
ilri/.ed with philosophy, his hand writiDg is 
left more or less toe ire for itself or directed 
in wrong channels. Nothing could he truer 
(ban this indictment, though to he sun*, 


munities which employ skilled writing 
teachers. Even these frequently hnve so 
little time with the pupils that it is exceed- 
ingly trying, sometimes impossible, to 
kindle the enthusiasm which is essential to 

Knowledge is power, education the lever 
thai moves the world. The child who 
studies diligently (or who is diligently 
stuffed) is entitled to all the glory of being 
called a" smart child," of being swathed In 
tucksand spangles aud trotted -mi on state 
occasions to shed lustre on the enterprising 
instructor. It is a great thing fur a child to 
have down pat the date of Arlaxerxes' 
death, the number of killed at the battle of 
Agincoint, — to be able to tell you off hand 
the chief seaport towns of Mozambique or 
discourse learnedly on the beauties of Aris- 
totle aud Herbert Spencer. But this is a 
cold, practical wor <l after all, and however 
desirable scholarly a'tainments, there are 
oiln-i accomplishments more essential to 
success in coturaerc nl pursuits. It is worth 
a good deal more to a young person con- 
templating a business career, who has his 
own way to make in life, to be able to lake 
a pen tiud write good, elenr, plain script 
with facility than to be an encyclopedia of 
events that occurred a thousand or two years 

It has been said often enough to be true 
(though not necessarily true for that reason) 
that the fault of this painful neglect of pen- 
mnnship in the public .schools resides us 
much with the teachers us with the school 
directors, We do not think so. Yet it 
must he admitted that if the teachers were 
more positive in their efforts to bring about 
a general aud sweeping reform, the trustees 
would be compelled to yield. 

We bring this mnl ter to the attention of 
the National Teachers' Association which 
meets next month at San Francisco. Let 
it be discussed freely and thoroughly. 
There will be present teachers from eveiy 
part of the country. An interchange of 
views on a question affecting the interests 
of millions of school children can only he 
productivi ofgo'-d. The opportunity should 
not be lost. 

Twin Brothers' Handwriting. 

I bear a good story on a couple of Lewis- 
ton men. They are twin brothers and the 
most remarkable in some respects that ever 
existed Both are of scientific, artistic turn 
of mind, and remarkably capable in many 
ways. The most curious thing to me, how- 
ever, is the fact that their great resem- 
blance extends even to their handwriting, 
and has been a great pozzle to bank officials 
and everybody else. These brothers are in- 
ventive and have lately patented an impor- 
tant device. The story, as I heard it, is 
that after the specification and affidavits, 
etc., etc., were made, it was required that 
both should make oaths and sign docu 
ments. They did so and the papers were 
sent to the patent office. 

Not long after their attorney received no- 
tilication of irregularities in proceedings 
and soon the specified statement was made, 
from the United States Patent Office, that 
the law required that both persons should 
sign the papers, while in this case, it was 
very evident ihat one person bad signed 
both papers. The lawyer smiled. Here 
was a direct statement. The United States 
Patent Office experts didn't say that they 
"thought" that the names had been signed 
by the same person, but tbey deliberately 
stated, in so many words, that one person 
had signed both names. He hud to make 
a personal explanation to the patent office 
and relate how wonderful is the wondrous 
affinity of birth. — Lewiston, Me., .Journal. 

We suspect that a large proportion of 
what the writer of the above is pleased to 
call "affinity of birth" isdue lo affinity of 
circumstance, While undoubtedly there 
is a great affinity of characteristics in the in- 
stance mentioned, the peculiar sameness of 
the writing would be likely to result largely 
from the fact that persons so closely asso- 
ciated would receive about the same instruc- 
tion aud enjoy the same facilities for learn- 
ing to write, aud that tbey would continue 
to practice under similar environments, the 
one constantly emulating the other, which 
would he likely to produce the close resem- 
blance iu the hand writing. Yet we believe 
that were the hands of these two individu- 
als to be examined critically by an expert 
there would be found marked distinguish- 
ing characteristics as between the two 

Automatic Penmanship 
Entering one of the large restaurants ol 
New York city the other day we noticed 
that the numerous little signs which it is 
customary to display in such places were 
lettered with an automatic pen The effect 
was pleasing in the extreme and attracted 
very central attention, as was cas_\ \-< be 
seen " The thought occurred why not turn 
this wonderful Utile instrument into a tool 
of standard aud general usefulness r Of 
course automatic pen work bas been turned 
to practical account in this and other ways. 

but it is not nearly so general as it ougl 
be. There are a thousand and one way 
marketing with profit the product of a clev- 
er automatic arlisl's skill. We think ihat 
the penman who adds this accomplish meal 
to his "reportoire" will be doing himselffl 
great favor. There arc a dozen very capa- 
ble artists with the automatic pen whom we 
reailil\ recall. The subject was brought to 
our mind just at this lime by some speci. 
metis submitted by C. E. Jones. Principal 
nf the Business Department of the Tabor, 
la.. College. These specimens for grace 
aud harmony of form and color can m an e. 
ly be surpassed. We are informed that .Mr, 
.tones is making a ijreal sui cess of teaching 
the art by mail. This is as h should tie. '" 
wish him and all other disseminator 
such useful knowledge a full measur 

All rtm-iixs who contemplate attending 
the meeting of the National Educational 
Association at San Francisco, will tiud it 
greatly to their advantage lo secure ace 
modations in advance ; this they can do by 

writing to M. Babcock, chairman of the 
committee on hotels and accommodations, 
Flood's building. Fourth and Market streets, 
San Francisco." A large al tendance is ex- 
pected. One good thing about the queen 
city of the Pacific is that hotel charges ihere 1 
are said to be more moderate than in any 
other city in the Union. The Joohnal will 
be in Sau Francisco bright aud early. The 
Convention opens on July 17. and lasts four 

iugupon the course of writing lessons which | 
is being given by the editor, is intensel, 
gratifying. They are chiefly from youn 
people who, perhaps, are unequal to the ei 
peose of personal instruction Many of th 
very best penmen in this country to da u 
fought their way to the front without per- 
sonal instruction. It is a mutter of pluck 
and patience, qualities that will comman ' 
ly calling ; without which ihc 


the t 

pet i tors for our prize story or sketch, 
they are allowed until August 1st to submit 
these offerings, perhaps they are keeping 
them back for burnishing purposes. One 
subscriber writes to know if he i 
more than one article. Yes, a doz 
likes. Better send a good one, though, than 
a dozen weak and trashy ones. And above 
all, write plain, simple English, so that every 
one will understand what you are talking 

Fon REASONS beyond his control, Mr, 
George E. Little has been unable so far It 
perform his compact to give The Journal 
some sketches, He writes us Ihat he will 
tic on band very soon. 

Meeting of Penmen. 

The first two meetings of the Western 
Penman's Associaliou held the past iwo 
years in midwinter, have been of so much 
pleasure aud profit '.hat arrangements have 
been made whereby the members of Hit- 
profession can have midsummer gathering 
of equal enjoyment and benefit. Many 
could not attend i 

Penmen can have the entire forenoon for 
their work. In arranging a programme ef- 
forts are made to cover every branch of the 
art, lead by the best talent from all parts of 
the country. We think we have in store 
some surprises for both the Kastern and 
Western peuineu. 

Lessons are to be given iu plain and or- 
namental writing, nourishing, engrossing 
and pendrawing. portrait and automatic 
pen shading work. Most of the class work 
will be done as the teacher would do it be- 
fore his own classes, thus bringing out the 
conductors' plans and methods of drill and 
and discipline. Every lesson will be fol- 
lowed by general discussions, in which all 
will be privileged to take part. 

The chairman will consider it a personal 
favor if those expecting to attend ihe meet- I 
lugs will indicate the same b\ Idler as soon 
as possible. Any suggestions regarding 
subjects or persons desired upon the pro- 
gramme will also be thankfully received 
We desire to make it as broad, liberal and 
far reaching as possible. 

At this early date a large number have 
written enibu'siasticalh regaiding the con- 
vention and indicating Ihat they will be 
present. The only fears arc thai some of 
the profession, who would enjoy and pruhl 
by ihe meetings most, will negligent y b I 
the opportunity slip by. We all need Ibe 
rest and will be benefited alike in mind and 

Professor Curliss is preparing to give us 
a royal welcome. Arrange your work if 
possible to be with us. Aiihecmlol moihn 
twelve m on ihs you willbeas rich 
happier and bell 

ith the work 
Every teacher nec't m b 
[lon'i think lightl\ of it. bill 

Mil ip. .lis July 18th, 1888, 

s fraternally, 

C, s Chapman, Ch S. < 

Business E. A. oi Al 



The Editor's Calendar. 


—The last number of t.u'* Maqazint contal 
an announcement <>f interest to the penmansl 
profession. It t- to the effect that A. J. Soarb. 
nigh, who has fi 

arketl at 
»nd will 

old form and name, The Penman * OaztVt. The 
first number of the new born Oautte is about due 
imw With Scarborough at the ledm it is bound 
to be interesting We wish him very cordially all 
the success which he could hope for himself. 
| I.ATiR.— It has come ; Itbjgood.] 

-The current number of The Wettern ftfimon 
Is the best we have seen fur a Long time, perhaps 
the best that ha* been published. We express our 
admiration for Its brilliant young editor eNewln <•< 
\a tills paper. 

-Last month we noted the experiment of W. 
D. Showalter, of Cleveland, Ohio, at running n 
weekly paper devoted to penmanship. The paper^ 
ai we said at the time, waaqntteamall, tour week- 
ly editions containing about half as much matter 
In all as a single i-sue of Tua Jouhnal. In this 
respect the editor -.bowed irood judgment, because 
it Is always better to start well within bounds and 
grow up Instead of starting up and growing down 

with too little encouragement to warrant iu 
keeping up a struggle for existence We n re aim in 
in receipt of the monthly Pen Art fftia'd. In which 
the editor says with commendable candor that he 
is unable to make the weekly a success. With 
a nicely printed and o.trefully edit d monthly edi- 
tion, we think he will find the chances of battle 
much more largely in his fuvor, 

—It Is rather a poor month that does not turn 
out one or two new public-Minns, more or less de. 
voted penmanship Some of them never live to 
see another Issue, while others are nothing more 
than college circular-*. No. 1 of The Amateur's 
OautU, Fort Scott, Kansas, appeals partlcul .rly 
to amateur penmen. It Is In compact form and 
ha- .-iiilit pages which an' perhaps equnl 

Of tl 


n is a 

r and publish, i 

— The lintiiut* ■ Edo.-i'or, win. h emanntesquarter. 
ly from I lie Allentown, Pa., Business College, is 
nicely printed and hat some very good selections. 
W. I. Blackman Is editor and proprietor, 0. C, 
Dorney associate and business manage! 

—A late number of The Sight ofth. QuUl, Daven- 
port, Iowa, prints the portrait and biography or 
B C. Wood, one of the piinoipalsof the Davenport i 
Iowa, Business College. 

—One of the neatest of Business College pnbll 
cations is The Business Educator, of the Buffalo 
Business University Messrs. Johnson, IVrrin and 
Osborn, the proprietors of the flourishing institu- 
tion, are to be c ingrat ulateil on the typographical 
and editorial excellence of Ibis quarterly public.! 

-Compact, clearly printed and full of pith and 
point Is The Day liiiok which comes from Diake's 
Jersey City Business College. 

—All about the thriving city of Wichita, Kansas, 
not forgetting an exhaustive exposition ol Hie ad 
vantages of the Southwestern Business College 
located there, Is what you may learn from the 
journal of that Institution. C. II. Fritch is principal 
of the college, and the well-known penman. K. M 
Barber, Is (leneral Secretary and Insiruotor of 
penmanship and book-keeping. 

-IMS Business College Jownaf, Dallas, Texas. 
Is a good looking paper in any sense in which ><>u 
may take it. Itsornate heading and Initial letters 
make its first page very stylish anil attractive. 

—Mr. George Kennan's paper, "Siberia and the 

I.mI* System," iti the May Century, i-. particularly 
graphic U begins with a statement by tbeauthor 
of how he came to go to Siberia on the Century ex- 
pedition. The paper is supplemented by a map 
and anumber of illustrations from drawings of the 
arilst. who accompanied Mr Kcniian ouhlu perilous 

- Muucure D. Conway has a peculiar and Inter- 
esting paper In the May Cosmopolitan, entitled 
"The Pedigree of the Devil." It discusses the dlf. 
ferent beliefs concerning the arch fiend lo be 
found iu the different quarters of the earth. Col- 
iii i -d illu>i ml ions help i, iu the text, and Mr. Henry 
living's "Faust" comes iu as a useful accessary. 
We regret to note the pecuniary embarrassment of 

/.:, Ootmtpoiitan, the best $-2 Magazine ever 
printed. It la thought that Its Bxlstenoe will not 
be imperiled 

r Ma\ has an Inter 
}ur Old American 
Cities, 11 A scare talk about anarchy and dyna 

mite is one of the feature- i.f iln- n ber i.eorgc 

Edgar Montgomery, the dramatic criilo, la billed 
for a paper In the June number. 

—Mich of our friend- as are at all tinctured with 
letters who have any desire to write for their own 
or the public's entertainment, ought to enroll 
themselves on the subscription list of The Writer. 
Boston. This Is a monthly magazine, whose par' 
rtonlai object i»to interest and help all Ltterurj 
workers, both those 

brilliantly e 

, ,1,, , 

New York Hn n, gl viin; excellent "Advice to Young 
Writers.'' "Journalism as a Profession for Young 
Men" it the title of a paper in the siame number, by 

I ii -h.-uld be. and 

tthe cordiality of the response 

There is no use opening any 

orrespondence on the subjeot. If you want to be 

■nted end in your specimens and they will 

used If worthy and if the copy be suitable foi 

roduotlon trj photo-engraving. Rlglil here lies 

stumbling block. We have repeatedly 

t great pains to explain the requirements of 

i be reproduced, The copy nni*t be consid. 

larger than the engraving is to be; it should 

ut twice as large. This of course applies to 


- Mr. Edward Atkinson will open The Popular 
Se.ene, Monthly fat June With an incisive paper on 
"The Surplus Revenue." Be suggest- a way, ap- 
parently overlooked by other economists, of solv- 
ing the great question now before Congress, which 
does nut invoke any contiicl of economic policy be- 
tween the i«M great parties, 

if,./ \,r„k, for May is a- bright and sunny as 

b May mor - r The beautiful frontispiece (after 

Stcffcek's famous painting) shows the late Em- 
peror William and bis brother when boys, in com- 
p.iny with their famous mother, yueen Louise. A 
brief article about the Emperor, with a portrait 
from his last life photograph Ii tlmel] 

—The story of "Two Little Confederates" in the 
May fit. Nh-hfitax is a charming production. Thin 
admirable periodical never falls* short of high 
water-mark. We don't know to whom It is the 
more Interesting. -children or grown folk. 

\ lining tht* pronounced successes of the day is 
the Williams ,t Rogers' Rochester Bookkeeping 
This work, iu t he short spaoe of six years, has oh 
tallied national recognition and Its introduction 
and ~.i|c ai-,.. nl most without parallel in fie history 
of school text books Few books can boast of as 
many warm friends and enthusiastic champions 
and ii owes much of its succ 
and generous efforts of the 


r commercial text books all of 

received with marked favor. 
it will be found elsewhere in 

guage," as the title. Its; 
ville Bell, who was 
Speech." The scheme, 
a sort of Volapuk with f 
sounds and uIiiii'iu'Iits, Mi 
Ifled. We take little stoc: 
alleged spelling reform, 
guage Is long enough, 
enough to meet 

he Volapuk business 
The English lau- 
tl enough, and quite 
ii. .del Individual re- 
quirements. As a matter of curiosity, though, il 
nothing else, "World English" is worth looking 
over. Published by N D. 0. Hodges, 17 Lafayette 
Place, New Yqrk. Price J., cents 

—The "New Science and Practice of Accounts' 
by George Souie, the well known commercial 
tea her and author, of Ne.v Orte ins, is coining 
golden opinions from business educators every- 
where. In the course of a flattering notice the 
New Orleans /Viyu/i- of Idtodatd thus speaks of 
it; ' The work is pre-emiuenlly practical and re- 
plete with: Fir-st, the latest labor saving forms ot 
books Tor merchandisine, commission, manufac- 
turing, banking, planting and other lines of busi- 
ness. Second, new forms of ledgers and Invoice 

ing worthless and doubtful and loss and gain ac. 
counts when closing ledgers. Fourth, the new 
system of daily proving the correctness of the 
ledger. Fifth, the detection of errors and the ex- 
amination of accounts. Sixth, complex work Iu 
expert accounting and commercial affairs. The 
work Is designed as a text book of the highest 
grade and as a work of standard reference and au- 
thority for accountants and business men " 

The Editor's Scrap-Book. 

— The aviary anuex of the Journal's mall bag 
this month contains a bird of airiest wing which 
Hew from away beyond the Rockies. The respon- 
sible party in the case is O A. Paul, Tacorna, 
Washington Territory. Another specimen of the 
feathered genus whleh Is "fair to look upon," 
comes from G. W, Harinan, New Orleans, and still 
another from J M Wade, Emlenton. Pa The lat- 
ter would be Improved by better, blacker ink. 

— II 1( Parsons. Zanesvllle, 0., sends us the 
photos of the three pieces of engraving recently 
executed by him for the Grand Army of the Repub- 
lic. They are gems of the first water Tin* man 
who can do work of that sort deserves a fortune. 
and a big one. The penman who falls to get these 
phot i. - tor bis col lection a drubbing and a 

-Cards worth noticing have come to us from G. 
W. Allison, of the Newark, Ohio, Business College, 
W. II iiraham, Pitt-burgh, and .J. II Oaottteuklr- 

i her, of the Onion Business College, Lafayette, 

-sine- theJousXAX opened its autograph allium 
to the penmanship public, specimens have been 
- r ■ 1 1 y pouring in from every qua'ter of the 

t is that the i 


cept they be light blue The 
writing paper will not in- 
ivlng, as they will make mi 

ordinary bin 
terfere with 

Impression on the negative. Then the Ink used 
must be black, dead black is best, and India ink 
ground from the cake is the proper article. For 
some classes of work it is very difficult to uselndia 
ink (especially if not prepared by an expert) be- 
cause It Is too sluggish. But iu any event tiie ink 
must be black and the less glossy the better- 
Again, there must be unbroken or ragged Hues. 
The camera cannot catch what Is not in tl Igl 

Iial, but it cm lost- il, and a ragged line ctnt-s our 

much more ragged In the reproduction, while a 
thin, weak line is often lost entirely, No matter 
how fine the line, if only bluck and unbroken. A 
good way to do is to examine a specimen before 
sending wit li an ordinary m nullifying glass. 

The requirements we have enumerated are posi- 
tive. Because one or more of them have been ig- 
nored we have perhaps a hundred specimens sub- 
mitted for publication which can never see the 
light of priut. A particularly handsome one of 
this sort is sent by T. J Itisinger of the I ilea Busi- 
ness College, and another from J. M. Vine nt, 
Soulier's Commercial College, Chicago. Among 
the others wlm have recently -cut creditable speci- 
mens wliich have been barred out from these 
causes, are It E. Morrlss, Mcpherson Normal Col 
lege. Republic*!! City. Neb . Q >i Horn. T..peka_ 

Kau. C II Allard, Terre Huutc, li.l. ofa 

College; W. D. Johnson. Pittsburgh and B. H 
Barrows and R II Scad in who give no address. 

—Perhaps there is not a more original penman 
on the continent than F. \V Wiesehahn. St. Louis. 

We are forcibly rei led of the fact by a partio- 

nlai ly unique and elegantly written tetter recently 
received from him. Some of the other most nota- 
ble letters from a penmanship -land point received 
since the last issue, bear the Imprints of the follow- 
ing: L. W. Hallett. peumau Elmira Sch ol (\.m- 

ff .1 Kin-- 

ley, Shenandoah, la.; W. F Giesseinan, Capital 
City Commercial College, Des Moines, In , Ccorge 
W. Wood, Wood's Business College, McKeesport, 
Pa.; P. R. Spencer, Detroit, with Club of -16; J. It. 
Goodyear, International Business College, Port 
Huron, Mich.; E. M, Chartier, Texas Business Col- 
lege, Paris, Texas; D. 11 Farley, Trenton, N. J.;T. 
II. Hall. Troy Business College, with club of 81; H 
I> Graft, Philadelphia. 

— Miss Adra R. Mason, Sanford, Me., whose t-x_ 
cellent penmanship was noted in the last number 
of the Journal, sends an elegant ornamental 
specimen. Wo would be glad to reproduce it, only 
the ink used is of a bluish shade. We have also 
been shown an exceptionally tasteful letter-head 
design executed by this young lady for the widely- 
known Sanford mill-. 


-Tin- iiicIIm.v imles of the wedding bells, come 
us from Little Rook, Arkansas. Prof. M. A. 
me. piiueipal of the Little Hock Commercial Col 

itly married to Miss Sarah Aln I . 

a so of that city. A v*ry pretty account of the aus,- 
pluloua event is given In the daily Arka I 53 

—We are very glad to know that II. . 
and C A- Walworth, ID their u 
prietors of Die Walworth SpencerUn ] 
Colleges of this City, are 

prosperity to which SUOl 
entitled. One of the tw 


i.i know ..I mod et Idence of live 

■ ■.-■■ n- Id ii- i- shown In 

thee itiii.-ei f the Bat n bridge Business College 

Sohool ol -:n i .i mi ni- 

- Thel.aFuyctie. Indiana. s„,ntay Time* of April 

i ".til, decorates its beet page with a double column 

CUt Of C U R ibluson, the L"i"il l.ioklug proprielo r 
of the Union Buslnen Oollece of tbatoltj The 
1" ti i oil i*. supplemented by a column or so of text 

descriptive ol fhe equipment! I general altrai 

'ions of that Enatitutlon 

-ii. o Bernard, recently penman ai the Spen- 
oerlan Bualnew Co'Iege ol Cleveland, Ohio, has 
gone to Paris to Study medicine lie will be ah 

il,. Educati nai fmrnai, Clinton, la., prints a 
portrait and -k.lch of v. Hayl. ■*■=. A M , pn lid CD I 
of Bavless' Business College, Dubuque, ta , and 
on- ot n,,- most eminent business educators In the 

The w mi ii and commercial olaas of the Nor- 
ton Normal ami Scientific Academy, Wilton .lunc- 
■ fa request IlieJounifAi/s pn senoe al thi Ir 

—We have received an invitation to the thirty 

third Annual Commencement exercises of St. 
Mary's Academy, Noire Dame, I ml., on Wednes- 
day, June 20 Our thanks are herenj rendered to 

Mother M try of st. Augustine, superior. 

—The invitations to the nth yearly graduating 
exercises of the Nevada High School, Nevada, 

by at 

ithe pea of C D Slinker. Five young 
xlbethler signature on the back of the 
and fhe Writing of each is extremely 

from the attendance to be Che Commercial Colli ga 

of the Kentucky Cntversity, Lexington Ky. Nearly 
1000 pupils were In attendance lust year, and 
thirteen teachers are regularly employed Ueesti 
W. R. Smith, Pre-ident and B, W Smith, Princi- 
pal, are to be oongratulated on this admirable 

—There are few people in Ibis connliy who i m 
writi a neater oi a handsomer business letter than 
E L. Wiley. Supermtendenl ol writing in the Pub- 

ln - 

s of Painesvllle, 
. Bonsnll. Chicago, is making a great rcpn- 
s an eugraver His steel and copper plate 
jttremely eredltable 

-a lilaTn.indm ■■ 

lg exercises of Wright's 
n, will be held at the 
mdiiy evening June SB 

ear has been something 
. The Jodbhsl stall de 
lowledgements to Mr 
he present at the grac!- 

ismaa Dui/cii, win, made a speech on 

Rail Road Bill in Congress this spring, 
it recently had a lively tilt with Scot I 
e, is a brother in law of Wm, II Dull 
tor of Duff's Mercantile College Mi 
leading lawyer of the Pittsburg bar, 
unci man In Pennsylvania politic* 
me of the beat informed business ool- 
antl the prosperity ol his scl l voloe^ 

adopted b> the 01 
Hepr -■ ni. .n\es expressive of tbo regret of tiiat 
representative body at the death of Chief Justice 
Waite, have been engrossed by E. E. S 

Ohio The body ol the resolutions 
surmounted by an eagle 

-Tiie quality of the i ual c^ub^nc ,.f sp.hl 

lng"s Business College, Kansas City Mo lodloatet 
as well aa a oatatogue oan ihal there Is no tank ■■( 
Interest in commercial training In that section of 
our OJtintry. The list of students In actual attend- 
ance during the past year Is ot such fornih 
length that we have no! undertaken 

le portrait with hir. 
■ate adornments we bove 
a fair presentment of n 
young man who, by ener- 
gy, perseverance and na- 
tive ability, has won his 
spurs in the penmanship 
profession as editor, 
author and artist. A. N. 
Palmer, joiut proprietor 
of the ledar Rapids Busi- 
ness College and editor of 
Tfu Western Penman, is 
the man. 
Though his name has 
been prominently before the writing profes- 
sinu for nearly ten years Mr, Palmer is now 
less than thirty years of age. He was born 
:.i Hopkinton, St. Lawrence County, New 
York, on December 22, 18^9. Having ac- 
quired a taste for penmanship— though it is 
i.aid that he exhibited very little natural tact 
for it at the outset— he gravitated in his 
youth to Oaskell's Busiuess College at Man- 
cheater, New Hampshire, where he struck a 
bargain with the proprietor by which he 
was to trade labor for tuilioo. The particu- 
lar labor, we believe, was backing wrap- 
pers for the old Penman's Gazette. This 
was in 1678, and the fall of that year found 
the young man so proficient, as the resultof 
his tireless labors, that he was enabled to 
conduct writing classes through the village* 
of New Hampshire with signal success. 

Tin' next year young Mr. Palmer drifted 
towards the West, stopping at Rockville. 
Indiana, and St. Joseph, Missouri, for brief 
periods, and teaching writing as he went. 
He finally settled at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 
the spring of 1880. Two years later be be- 
came a teacher in the Cedar Rapids Busi- 
ness College, in which capacity he continued 
for about two years. In April, 1884, the 
first number of The Western Penman was 
brought from the press. It was a rather 
unpretentious looking sheet of eight pages, 
and if it had not had a man of grit and abil- 
ity behind it, it might never have lived to 
see a second issue. 

But it did all the same, number two com- 
ing out in Chicago whither Mr. Palmer had 
migrated and entered into a business part- 
nership with B. M. Wortbington. The two 
conducted the Lakeside Business College 
and Tin Western Penman. This was en- 
larged to a sixteen page paper, published 
monthly, and the editorial as well as the 
mechanical work of the establishment de- 
volved upon 1 he subject of this sketch. 

As (In si lioo! did not prove a Comstock 
mine the firm dissolved at the expiration of 
two years, and Mr. Palmer fell back on 
Cedar Rapids, taking bis paper with him. 
In February. 18»ti, he purchased a half in- 
terest in the Cedar Rapids Business College, 
and the firm has since been Goodyear & 
Palmer Tiny have also built up an exten- 
sive business in publishing various works 
by Mr. Goodyear on commercial subjects, 
especially his book-keepings and arilb- 

The Cedar Rapids Business College has 
had a very lively and a very healthy growth 
duriug the two years in which Mr. Palmer 
has been associated in the management. 
His partner. Mr. Goodyear, is just as alert 
and just as competent, so that the team is 
iu all respects a good one. Ten States are 
now represented in the attendance at this 

Mr. Palmer is known—and eminently de- 
serves the reputation— as one of the most 
capable of American penmen. If this ac- 
complishment was acquired by an uncom- 
mon measure of toil it is all the more cred- 
itable and all the more stable. lie is well 
versed in the literature of his craft, and 
from first to last has conducted bis paper, 
which baa been very successful, in iheiu- 
i.-it-is of good writing. 

A genial fellow, sparkling with good na- 
ture and as bright as a militiaman's button 
on bis first dress parade is A 3, Scarborough, 

whose picture is somewhere about these 
premises. He has been known as a penman 
and teacher of penmanship for nearly ten 
years, and as a penmanship editor for two. 

in each of these capacities be has made a 
reputation. Energy, fidelity and brainsdid 
the work. 

Mr. Scarborough is just turning the 
cornerof 30 years of age. Sunnyside, uear 
Meridian, Mississippi, was his birth place. 
His boyhood was spent on a farm. But his 
ambitious soul rebelled against cornfield 

College, Meridian. He afterwards taughl 
in this institution and another of the 
Transferring his services as penman and 
accountant to Goodman's Business Colleges, 
Knoxville and Nashville, be spent some- 
thing over a year there, and then came East. 
where be had charge of the .Jersey City 

peas ard rutabagas. With the rare pres- 
cience of childho d he caught a gleam of 
tin- --tar-, in the penmanship skj and resolved 
" to get there" himself. He started on a 
mule with a mail bag between them, and in 
this way laboriously earned enough money 

Busioi es ' ollegc under the late 0, A Qas 

kell. Iu 1884 he went West again to teach 
in the Cedar Rapids, Iowa, Business Col- 
lege, where he remained about two years. 
A singular coincidence was lhat a few days 
previous" to his leaving New York for 

to take the business < 

at Chambers' Cedar Rapids the young lady to whom he 

was married last October made the same 
journey with her mother for the purpose of 
settling there. She was Miss Kmma Dennis- 
Mr. Scarborough wields an exceedingly 
facile pen Mis contributions have appeared 
liberally in all the penmau's paper. He was 
a leading contributor to Perk's Sun when 
that humorous paper was in tbe zenith of 
its glory. His style is breezy and bis vocab- 
ulary uncommonly large. 

His first regular assumption of the duties 
of editorship were when be become conduc. 
lor of The Penman's GazttU in the fall of 
188fi. A few months later the paper was re- 
modeled in form and renamed Gag/cell's 
Magazine. Tbe last number of tbe Maga. 
sine contained the announcement that the 
paper had passed by purchase into Mr. 
Scarborough's bauds and that tbe old form 
and name would be resumed. The an- 
nouncement is of great interest to tbe pen- 
mausbip profession who will not be slow to 
appreciate the efforts of one of the most 
zealous and capable of tbe craft, and mak e 
/'//( Gazette a great, penman's paper. 

Mr. Scarborough is a member of the Bus- 
iness Educators* Convention, and though 
eminently a man of peace gets fun from 
playing soldiei in the First Illinois Regi- 
ment, If the cuf presented would smile a 
bit and shake off the lurking missionary ex- 
pression il would be very like him. 

I think the money sent to you for The 
Journal and Guide the best investment I 
ever made— J>. L Hamiltim. Wttlt-e, Win 

Pen Work. 


In our last lesson we gave the direction 
in which shaded strokes iu nourishing 
should be made, i. e., at an angle of 4. r » 


to tbe right 


n the edge of the 

table, ^ 

hen the pc 

sits in tbe front 


. This rule 


uld be followed as 


is possible in 

utiug the designs 

given it 

this lesson. 

A few of the founda- 

tion strokes are num 

bered in the order they 

should be made, and the 

arrow heads show 

on. The arm and hand in which 
held should remain in one posi- 
irly as possible for all theatrokes, 
moving the paper to a convenient position 
with the left baud. For instance, the posi- 
tion of tbe paper must be changed twice in 
making the four strokes marked with 
arrows in tbe bird. For the small strokes 
about the bill and eye, tbe finger movement 
is used, holding tbe pen as in ordinary writ- 
ing, and for the breast stroke the fore-arm 
movement is convenient. The breast stroke, 
from tbe point of the under bill to tbe leg, 
may be made with a single sweep or in sec- 
tions. We usually draw the liue from the 
point of the bill for about an inch with the 
finger movement, lift the pen, place the ami 
in good position, join the liue carefully and 
complete the siroke witii the fore-arm 

About the eye and bill of the bird marked 
[>, we use the fore-arm movement, holding 
the pen as in nourishing. 

The beauty of flourishing consists ini 
graceful curves and symmetrical shades 
Never allow two shaded lines to cross, audi 
remember that long, slender shades, orahortl 
heavy ones are not symmetrical [See il- 
lustration ou next page.] 

Editor "f The Jouhnai.:— Woufti" yon 
please answer how " The Wandering Jew " 
ranks in literalure. and oblige, C* B., 

Gloucester, Mom, 

—For any imperfect pen fouDd iu a box 
of Ames' Best Pens we will send two good 
ones. This offer, however, is oot alto- 
gether so liberhl, as a person unfamiliar 
with Ames' Best Pen mightimagiue. They 
are all good,— every pen a prize, no blanks. 

.tti'l i.ftitalilv <-tn|.[..yil. i-'iin kur 
il„iL ..UiiNtnif- i'v iippVying to t 
Co . lw/J Jlatii St., Kidiinoud, Vu. 

Fun for Hard-Worked Teach- 
There will be plenty of enjoyment for 
Quue who attend the approaching session 
of Die B. E A ui Minneapolis. This letter 
■peaks for itself. 

Washington, D. C.,Junc It, 1888. 
/•/■■>/ A 8 Oiborn, 

^.■/.iiiri/ B>i*irif*i\ Kii"r,iian> Aswciation 
Of AwriCM. 

Dear Mr. Obborn —The Lake Superior 
Transit Company circulars just received 
remind us of tlie delightful days of rest, 
comfort and refreshment we have 62 per 
fenced during our voyages over the beauti- 
ful great Northern lakes. Since the mem- 
orable lake excursion of the Business Edu- 
cators' Convention from Buffalo to Chicago 
twenty-three years ago, we h«ve improved 
every convenient opportunity for taking 
lake trip'- Have taken the round trip from 
Buffalo toDulutb for two years in succes- 
sion and ure now ready to take a third. It 
is not merely that we desire to avoid the 
dint ami smoke and weariness of land 
travel, but we find the air of the lakes con- 
ducive to renewed health, spirits and vital 
energy, preparing us us nolhing else doesfor 
another year's labors. 

The names you mention of proposed ex- 
cursionists for I he coming trip remind us of 
the "good old times." Let us demonstrate 
that our capacity for enjoyment has only 
increased as the years of uselullaborrull 

We observe that the steamers announced 
tosailon the evening of July 10th, lltb, 
12th, are respectively, the India, Idaho aud 
Japan. Of these we are best acquainted 
with the India which la "superb." The 
others may be equally fine. We are willing 
to go on any of these evenings. 

Let President Williams, as one having 
most responsible duties to perform at the 
Minneapolis Convention, decide upon which 
of those dates the Business Educators Ex- 
cursion of 1HHM shall sail. 
Yours truly. 
Mh & Mhs. II. C. Spknceh. 

Senator Cameron's Autograph. 

A characteristic thing about Don is the 
way he spreads bis autograph on a hotel 
register. The West people wereso delighted 
with it that they will frame it for a con- 
spicuous place amid the hotel's collection of 
curios. The Senator commences pretty 
well down at the right band corner with a 
good large J, and then lays out a Virgiuia 
rail fence towards the northeast corner, 
contracting his letters the further he gels 
from the starting point. Each letter costs 
labor, and is written as if he helped out bis 
pen with the oscillation of bis tongue be- 
tween his teeth. — Minneapolis Journal. 

> tkacuek ..r Commercial 


\NTED.-A poBltloi 

"YyANTKD. IVachcr 

W A B N 

ikkeeplneiu Wright's 

v Kit, ii p, Broadway 

W A S 

I ■[■'''" 



l first class Husln it] the ■ 

• nil 1.,-iJt work. Address, J 


.Jnllfi ... 

Interested in Penmanship find something In 

Issue fur which they ure willing t 

W.D.SHO WALTER, Ed., Cleveland, 0. 


The leading school of pen art In the Soutl 
Designs and riniw in^-> - ■ I nil kinds made for n 
Braving. Corresp-.nden. e -■ .ll.ii ,-il with pinlie 
desirim: t'l r - 1 elass \w.rk nl I eu-oiiablc prices 

$75.22 10 $250. .vi':.r:!« ■■r;^::;V: 


i St , Rich! id, 



nitty <;<>[. DI'KN Stylo, §1; 




I offer an elaborate course of lessons, 
covering the entire range of Writing, and 
adapted to students aud others in all degrees 
of proficiency. 

This course will plnce yon far above the 
ordinary penman ' 

Everything direct from tlit- pen, and an 
artistically written certificate given at the 
completion of the course. 

Send stamp for particulars, or, to see my 
work more fully, enclose 40 cents for speci- 
mens. This sum will apply on tuition. 


W. C. CHRISTIE, Penman, 
,llf Poughkeepsle, N. Y. 


Description of those Made by 

No. 1 la a compromise between Old English and 


■i .■lih,. 

the 1 

having a very 
"German Text." and adapt 
erlpt, and especially adapted 

the Mai k 1 1 1 tr Alphabet," and 
._, J and pi ilu wurk 
No. 7 ta similar to No. J. but e penally tor small 

- ed t,. i . . [ ■ i . i I [,l ,i 

, bo i 

uliuii.- i nl. .'i h>eeni"',' "h" $| pVi'd.'.'/e 

Lesson-, by Mall a specialty. 




416 r 

minlim: i 
nersliip hunks to stock 

I V |>.-ltai 

..■lite- 1 r.. idf juihln: Tin.' burlier vv..rk id cl.,: 

Iedi;..v. id, ,ii-iii.- Lmrr I k-< i 


crrectnesn of tlie Ledger, Cash Rook, etc., an 
alone worth many time- tlie cml uf the hook Ii 
in the leading wurk ..f the huh upon a welene. 
wle.-e -iih',1 ninl i .-red it law- In .Id trade urnl emu 

merce in ili.-ir mh K and keep in harmonious rev. i 
lution the financial values of the world. 

squids philosophic work on prac 

. $S-o 

Abounds « ith tlie rarest geim- of praclicu 
.illations This great philosophic work 
without a peer in the annuls of practical i 

and business men who would keep 

company wiiii the [ir.ii.-r.>-. and evolution of l" 
Sciences -h-alil possess a •'..]:•, ..| the-.. |H UL.-I i 

putatlons This i 



i.tioit- and lui-im— < ui.n wl. . .. 

lIUliOQ uf lilt I ih 

ks. Addrt 
GEO SOULE, New Orleans, La 

lllu-l nited Circular and Price List In 

FOR 30 DAYS! ! ! 

To advertise my tes^otn. hv mail and ant. .graph 
engraving. I will -end a thnni-h. d laid und eagle, 

ael ,.i capitals, US mov< meal axeroteri, 
design, lesion in penmanship, all f.n 

■.i-e-, autograph 

j. .. I.- Ink Powder make- th- b.-St tree 
flowing. Jet-black willing Nik In the world Will corrode- the pen Cheap, r than any tir-^l rUt.-- 
thiid Ink. Al-o violet, searh-r and O d p.iwder-.. 
ei|ual in every respe-et hi the above. If your sta- 
tioner does not have it. send -'.". cell's, naming . ■..!.. r 
wanted und we will send you sample which will 
make from three pints to one gallon of I 
surpassed for atylogTapblc and 
l:,il,,, L - mVs and i nk h for uh.nk-bool 
f |H-eif. >- WALl'OI.E DYE 

WOfiKE . 

description of Dyes a 
Boston. Mam 

CllEMIi Ah 

_ manufacturers of i 
1 Chemicals, 



b usiness C ollege 

449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


Territory and nearly all British American ITovinctt 

The Course of Study and Practice includes 






Distance no objection. Low rates and satis- 


Pan Depart oi I ommnnd< rs oi Ohln, G. A. It 


and reader nf the Joi'iin.m should see these In an 

tliul w.>rkso( an 

A Cuhlnel Photo m| !-...-! ipanicd l>v :i 

letter, fresh from th.< \ i IV. .f I'AKSONS, 



Si/.c j'.'xjs, in In. Hit ink. f. it 77<- Flourished 

;HI,1 I . ■ I I I ! I - i ■ I i_- il.-vl-ll- Ollh, .M.I,- !.,■-■ 

y muil a 

(riving full Informa- 

l my >i>t'.-iiilii. s mil . iiilviTiUcd here. Small 

0-18 St. JOijph, Mo, 


(.good everything. CircuUi 

Iowa Commercial College. 

Type Writers bought, sold and exchang, d 01 

reasonable leans Address 


anshlp Department 
Illinois Norm al S. hool 



Charles Rollinson, 

roi ihe past la pears wIUi D. T. Auks, 


Every Style ul 


Makes a Shaded Mark of Two Colors ai a Single 
Stroke. Sample net of three sizes by maU, VI. 00. 
Circular and ?ample writing. FREE. 


curacy I duuix if it oan be Muelkd."-//. »'. 


W. G. CHIUSTIE, Penman, 

I IS Pou.'hkeepsln, N Y. 

An astute mndicmnliritiu i.-»ilcutules lliat 

there arc now 518 beal " penmen in 
America. Everyone knows, though that 
there U only one beat pen— Ames' Best, So 
cents tor a quarter gross box. 




Twenty lessons for ftOOO. Send for circulars. 
Those wishing a thorough drill under our personal 
instruction will find no better place than the Pen- 

Our yimHrBz luA/fTi^TEiiQWLGMij 
By Dvr,New WmfSiL Pf^ocej^ » 

fad Grew?*""' J°^V.Vc w" 


Sent by mall for i 
Descriptive clrcula 

31 Moftal It u 1 1<1 



Club of 

.NVi i-.n.l-, Ink. ',|u, 

--•■W. 535-00 r 
Prints List 


for J-.'.:*'. jlVOO .mii easily 
New Price List free. Any Kind of card 
lowest price Send a sample of kind 

( r J/f/r'/rr/i'.J 


Expressly adapted for professional use and orna 

mental penmanship. 





Ml of Standard and Superior Quality. 





LAPILINUM (Stone-Cloth). 

I'd marking surface. Miperlor erasilile uiialitie 


king surface, per linear yd. $! 

Black Diamond Slating. 

ThoBett Liquid Slating [without exception) 
for Warn and Wooden Blackboards. 

M.tki - Hit finest and most durah'e surface 
r":i>llv applied wiih .1 common brush to anv -Ui- 
face," Put up in I menus of various si/.e*, with full 
dlrecllona how to use. 


Pints. SI i'>; Quarts, ?-J; llalf-G .illon, $3.50; Gallon 
$11.50. Flat brush (4 In.) 50 cento. 

One quart easily covers .">() <qunre feet witli three 
coats, the number applied. 

Used and ginv I'n-fVrt frith fact ion in 
CidiitnliiaColleeefSch.mlof Mines), New York city. 
Columbia Grammar School. 
r^lK'H ,.f Phv-iciinsaiid Surgeons, 
I'liivei-silv of id. i it i ..( \ew S ml., 
lege otitic CUV of New Vo,k, 

r,,||.--,.- ,, 
Colleen c _ 
Lafayette College. . 

I ■nlh-Kf of S 

Lafayette C. 
Madison University. . 



iversii v oi ?. 

lli.'ll ^-] I 

_Jtyofl" ' 

iam School 

1 1- > I'K.i'i Meilir.ii I i',i I ;.'„— Kioi.klyn. N Y 

\ew York Stock E\< h, mi;. •■■ \ i ' • y < ■ l-:- 
change, New Yoik I'r. uluee K*' lia'.j'*, X>-w \oik 
lotTee Et- baiiL'e Sen- York Iron Metal l-.v 
change. Equitable < irain and Produce Exchange 

In flu PliBfc Schools of 
Washington. DC (exclusively! I'.iter-ou, N .1 
New York City. Plushlnji, N. Y. 

San Francisco, Cal. Mt. Vernon, N Y 

Newark, N. J. POUehkeepBlfl -V I 

Montclalr, N. J. YVaverly, N. Y. 

Bloomfield, N. J, Hartford, Conn. 

fers.-v Citv, N. J. Naugatnck, Conn 

HelL'ell Point, N. J 
s.aitli Orange N . 
Hohoken, N. J. 





o.i! BulfldfnrmiUlo, . 9 76 

ThU ('.» universally admitted to to tht beet 
aterial far blackboard in uet. 


- the time lo take 



at If you have a Rood handwriting you will tittva 
i trouble In gelling a position. Then why not 
urn to write. You can do It at odd hours and It 
111 cost you but $3 00. 


m want to do it send 81. DO to A. W HA KIN for 

This course Is the most thorough and complete 
obtainable lu the oountry. 




freB'i from the pen with each lesson. 


mi it off, the 

toll , 


better than any Investment yon ever made Over 
100 pupil- have commenced this course since J 
uary I, 1888. Bookkeepers, bankers, clerks, i 
chunlcs, farmers, merchants, etc., find this the 
cheapest, the surest, and the best way to gel 
easy rapid Style ol writing, The proof of the ; 
ding Is in Ihe eating Here Is another man 
has tested this course of lessons and below Is what 
he thinks of It. 

Mr. B W". Pulling, Wausau. Wis., now writ 
hand that U excelled by few Drofe-slonals. Here 
is the way he wrote before be hcgun this court 


Friend Dakln. I send you with this my photo and! 
ny signature written before and after taking your! 
iourse of lessons. 

I am very grateful to you for your kind atlei 
ind will always deem It a pleasure to recoirmendl 
mur course of lessons to all who wish to learo lo ] 
vrlte an elegant hand. Wishing your succa 
■emain Yours truly, K W Pulling, Wausau, 
ro those who think of taking ihe course 1 will send 
lamples of my penmiinshlp for Ooenta. Clrc 


Syracuse, N. Y. 


Send 65 cents for '25 of the most fashiomi 
log cards, written on the finest linen brlBtt 


Don't fall lo send iO cent* for 12 tugnatu 
all different. A beautifully written lelter : 
Three sets of capitals all different <0 cent9. 
the best pens made « oents. Address as ti 


tof the Unit.'.] Sl-atc and Canada ti- >t at present 
t«OHpled by out «enU, to take subscriptions for 
the Jo^rkal and to sell the new 

Boor other publications. We have agents who 
is of subscriptUm every year, 
Buatfrolnjc outside of their immediate neigh- 
borhood Upon the liberal commissions wo offer 
this Is a money-making business. Writ* at once, 
M we will «l"se with the first reliable parties who 



l D. T. AMSS. Editor and Phoj-rietob, 


Price lflc. "Chtrographlu Editors," lOc. ■ 

The Model Guide to Penmanship. 

With Copy Slips on ait Entirely New Plan. 
Prlre«i Postpaid. 

Sample Copy Guide and Cover, with Copy Slips, 
2.1c; Practice l(.».k. H>c; Pri/.e Np. ciim-n, 10c; 

Specimen .if iliii;iii!.'nl,il I'.'il.h.ili-lilp direct 1 n an 

the Pen, 25c; GiiLie, Prize >pe. iiuen and Oina- 

u ...I S( ■ -".". . \.],\n --.. 


and strictly pure. 
' » for presents. Ex- 
urges light. Refers 



3 the "INTERLINK \li 



r Pub. Co , St Louis, Mo 


School Gardening, .. c, the planting of 
Hutu, trees and flowers on scJiool grounds, 
/or educational and beautifying put-pours, is 
am v h t and nbly treated In The American 


I- 1„ 

place. 1 
era fru 

und l<,u, 

felesin tbe tlayt 
of "leafy June," 
and ill Juue the 
Garden will be 
largely given 

over lu a chron- 
itk-oflter court. 

Tbe same beau* 
-Vpril ,iu,l May is specially 
■ Bpteadid Japan Maples 
lalf allrubs : wholly beau- 

of water lilies Eg expected 

tbe fruits will hold first 

Eveu now the rarer Souili- 

fortli in spirited picture 

Idi prominent ptae. 

Adapted to tht- wants of prac- 
tical ami amateur gardeners and 
fruit growers. The American 
Barden has stood the test of 
time and receives endorsement 
of all this diss in every sec- 
linn and many lands. Though 
costing as much and more to 
produce than many $2 and S3 
publications, the subscription 
price of this handsome and prac- 
tu.ii illustrated magazine of hor- 

Ificulture is only si a year. In 
Hub with Penman's Journal for 
, E. 11. liijhv. Publisher, 
Rronrtwny. N. Y. 



On the Mississippi, about 


Polroe's System of Penmanship- 
Pelrce's Philosophical Treatise 
of Penmanship, and Pelrce's 
Celebrated Tracing Exercises. 



nd Uy- 

i k-. comprising I' ; 

' ' QBtlo, Plr 

■sltlvfly the only question books 


- i||, .» 

it larger cities 

. Applications ior aumiss! 

tperior instruction and ■ 


■•end thr_. 

lar itn.i specimen of Penmanship, 
. . srfected, 

colli edUh.n iniw Sample epics sent 

I, , •■|[>t ■ ■! 'J-"i 1 .■His IU ilic .Im/cii. J.', eenls (Ml 

Oth vend three letter stamps f..r Journal, clrci 
iir and specimen "1 Penman-hip 
7th. Peirce's Svstein ,.| Penmanship, with Me-t l>. , 

(rraphy, Oramtii 
'"'These ar . 

EUblislled III, it arc c.mplete enough Oil a single 
ranch to be of any help to lea. hers or other.- in 
preparing f or exam I nuthms, or f..r reviewing pupil- 

1 Questions with Answers on ARITHHE- 

inc| ml i lit: ni'Hilt .«»' (e-t e\ am pies with an- 

s .111.I -..diili..ii> Re^lih- h eating 

jii I Ire scope of Arithmetic, C ' 
from 1" to 30 test examples with 

ils bunk there 

I Willi An-w 
illustrations. 11 
« llllLstl 

If." Incfudin 

HC," Including nearly 
swers tin, I solutions. Bi 
the entire scpe , ,f Arithmetic, till- 

ich"iihtni t. the -ol nth, ns being placed 

with copious illustrations, parsing and analysis. 
The numerous |||i..,i, ,ti 1..11-. f ; ,|-,- -yntax with or 
rectlons. uutl the parsing •>' 'llfflcult words, are 

iluine. Itenicinlier. it is the only 

Questions with . 


__.. racing Descriptive, Pltysh 

mat], 'itl '.cgr.iphv. The ■[<■-■< ipiive questions 


script alpl 

for writing. This ruler ts 15 Inches 

scut" by 

It Is in V; 

(heir writing. Addies-. 

.adway. New York 

gth, metal edted 

seeking to Improve 

Atlanta Ga. Boat G 


'c^d/f^// ' 

The Standard Practical Penmanship a p..rtf..l|.. 

e .Hluii.-liiuT a i mtii oleic lil.tio v .d pr.icricil v> iilini; 

iin-luilliiL' Ilic new MiiL'lc, capable of 

hcine written by any one fivt- times a^ fast 

ordinary wtittne. la malle.1 for 11.00, from the 

Paper Warehouse, 

Nos. 1 5 & 1 7 Beekman St., 

Branch Stun-. :,7 II.iu.,,,11 sir,-,-,, 
8-12X NE'W YORK 




Any of the following articles will, u;>on receipt 
of price, be promptly f.,rwar,lc.| l.y in.ii v|.n-. 

\\ lien pi ,.■.- 1 its ..-xlnt lire reniil lllei ehaiuii/.e 
will he -cut l.y registered mail 
Ames' Conipendium of Practical and Orna- 

mental Penmanship $5 00 

Ames' Hook of Alphabets 150 

Anie-.' to I'l.icri.ii mul \rtistlo Pen-,-l,i|.. in inp, i :.<te.; In ,-!..[!, 75 

«'iilian<« :1 niiil Packaivl'- Uein"'" " ' 5 U) 
m:i ml ml I' I 'eiiiii.UTshlp, by the SpeD- 

terlliMlhei- 1 00 

New spein.'iiaii i ..mpendluin. complete In 8 

Hound complete..!!!..'."!."...".'!^.!!""; !!!! 7 50 

Kililif- Al|,|tllli.Ts. live sll|.S. -•;„■ : ,-(,inple|e 

I. It lie's llliisirative H null k oil NiawiiiL- .Ml 

..rant Memorial -.Vit'JS inches 50 

l-'umily Kee.ird 18x2a " 50 

MaiTia^e C'ei'liliciile lSyJ-J " ■•*) 

IIXH " 50 

(inrJield Memorial lllx'24 " 50 

Lord's Prayer lflicM " 50 

Klourished l-:,i"'l... Lrix:fJ " 50 

Centennial Picture of I'nwi. :Zi\-2a " 50 

...28x40 " 100 

Elulogyof Lincoln ami Grunt. 2as*J3 " 50 
tirnameiiial ami Fhturi-h.-.l Cant-, l'.'desiirns, 

new. oriu'inal an. I anistic. per pack of 50, 30 

lOObymall 60 

iooo ■* jy.56:by express ;;;;:!;;;; :;; 400 

Hiistol lit i iird..'i sheet thick, -'•Jx'.'s. per sheet. 50 

22SS8, sh.-et. by express... 30 

'" "' 26x40! " " !!! 1 25 

lilaek c ;n tl Iiiku.I. ,"J\ ,'s for while ink Mi 

Black Cauls, per 100 25 

Black Cards, per 1000, by express 2 00 

per sheet, quire 

Whatman's by mall, by ex. 

Drawing paper, or >■-- I , $ 1 20 

;; 17X22.. .80 2 00 

2ix:i0!; ;^5 3 75 

" " 20X40.. ,05 7 00 

Wlneorife Newton's sup'r Sup India Ink Stick 1 00 

Prepared India Ink [n-i hen le. l.y express... 65 

Ames' Best Pen. % gross box 30 

Ames' Penmen's Favorite No 1, percTOsa... 90 

Glllott's 303 Steel Pens, per gross .' I 00 

Spencerian Ariistic N. ■ II, per /.tosh 1 DO 

Kni*r..ssini_' Pens f,.r |.-r t i-i'i iitr. per doz 25 

Crow-quill Pen, very fine, for drawing, doz.. 75 
Sonnecken Pen. f..r text lettering— Double 

— Br. .ad s,'t or live"" "!.;'.!! !!!;!'!!!! 25 

Oblique I'eiili. ilder, each 10c ; per dozen I 00 

"Double" Penholder unav he n-ed either 

straight or ..hliqiiei each pie , per dozen, 1 00 
isiabletoany holder., 

Writing and Mcasm lug Uuler. metal edged. 30 

New Improved Pa'd-gi aph, fm- enlarging or 

diminishing dirt wings ... 1 25 

Keadv Binder, a simple device for holding 

papers 10 

Common Sense Binder, a tine, stiff, oloth 

binder, ,1m un *i. *i/t>, very durable. 1 50 

l;,.ll Blaekh.ianls, by express, 

No. 1, size J ri feet 1 75 

No. 2, " 3WX3W fret 175 

No. 3, " 3 x4 " 2 50 

Stone Cloth. ..tie yard wide, any length, per 

yard, slaletl on one side 125 

-1G inches wide, per vnnl, -dated sides. 2 25 

Liquid Slating, the best in use. for walls or 

wooden boards, per gallon 6 00 


except upon speclnl orrler nnrl nt additional cost. 

Pit ICES: 

Fractional Currency per 100 notes .... $ 75 

"500 "... ,.8 00 

"1,000 " 6 00 

"2,000 " BOO 


750 notes representing 883,830 capital $ 7 00 

1,500 " " 106.000 " i | DO 

3,000 " " 333,320 " » 00 


e kept in stock and i 

■ dozen. Orders 

diplomas for business colleges and 

■cilaiieoiis Institutions, 

Illsl'l. IV < ITS. 

!• prepuratlii 

y bookiceep- 
■ other educational 

•y with order, in all eases. Unless 

i- "iet km - I- w ill he -enl ),\ 

lint I tV expn-ss, I' tl H , unless a 

'.' ■■■■ ■■■ I'O.f. .1 II ■ ., ■. 

"send so and-so have f,.rg,.t 

l will I 

:.,.Sk US If V 

I win. fav.,i 

nre. I of prompt a 
, D. T. AMES, 

e iinlliing 




No pen over put upon the market hns civen such unlrersnl siitihfuetion ..s AMES' BEST PEN. F 
.•■it work it imiU>-..Iuh-I> unapiTojicliLit-1.! For ..i-.lin;n-, |.nvi tl ,-s w..rk ir is uni'\.-cllid Am,.nuen; 

teonlt. Aoconrii ir,r« it to ..lloih.-is. U<J,.., T ,r j >m--- it tin- ln.-i rlieyever die.!. <_'a 

iters and penmanship experts Ufl no otuer niter they tia\ c tried It. 


I'Riise IngivlDBOurr.riifr to the leadlnc EnjrlHh pen -makers, we didn't ask for i lie cheapest art lei 

"iknicn (i 

I >.■ 

Land -grind, ti.iml piuh ; 1 1 , ■ 1 |".h.~li u 

been done. Is it any wonder thai tl 
(be following: 

1 do 

That imprecisely 
. .in i-.- !■ ...i h. .1 iv r-.i- iiny prieer 

From a barrel full of testimonials wo 
The No riua Ultra of Pens. 
So writes J. P. Mcdsccr, professional 
penman, Jacobs Creek, Pa.: 

" Amrs' Best Pena received 
wonder that your expectation 
surpassed. It is certainly a superior pen, 
being ii le pointed, durable, flexible and 
ponbessiug a quick action." 

tbllc Schools of Hririgcport 

'Best Pen— Dike it and us 
Warrbh II. U 

'I ha 


given Ames' Best Pen a 

tjiinuigli trial and take pleasure in recrun 
mending it as lirst < in every respect." 

Minneapolis, Minn, 

' After a thorough trial I can safely say 

Best Pen 

& Approval, 
wilb my hearty 

.\mes uesi ren meets wun my 
and unqualified approval. In fart I am a 
lighted, I have lout; siglu-d for just such 
n* , '> Enclosed pic 050 finf1 * 1 f " p ™k« 


ju« sue 

._._ find $l.for which 

Tfurhrr of Writing in the Curtiss Commer- 
cial O'Ua'j. , Minneapolis, Minn 

I'l-ii.n. ■ - all Competitors. 
" Ames' Best Pens beats all I have ever 
had before." P B. S. Peters, 

Professor of Penmanship, St. Joseph, Mo. 
Price 35 cents 

"I am doubtful whether a pen can be 
made for fine, artistic writing superior to 
Ames' Best Pen. If you had named it 
"The Best "no one would have doubled 
the title." G. Bm.Eii. 

American Pen Art Hall, Wooscr, Ohio. 

"Having vrry thoroughly tested Ames' 
Best Pens In general work, lean say with 
pleasure that they ore superior in every 
parlicular, and hereby cum mend them toad 
desiring a smooih, e;isv and lastingpen." 
E. L. Burnett, 
Bryant d- Stratum Business College, Provi- 
dence, R. I, 

"For a pen that combines the essenti; 
qualities for plain writing, flourishing an 
pen work, Ames' lies! is superior I 

"I have given Ames' Best Pens a thorough 
trial and have come to the conclusion that 
they are indeed rightly named. They arc 
the most durable pens I have ever used." 

" Ames' Best Pen meets my highest 
proval." Chandler's. Feirce 

Peirce Business O'l/ige, Keokuk, la. 

" I like Ames' Best Pens very much." 
C. S. Chapman. 

Iowa Business Colkge, ]>es Moines, Jo, 

Quarter gross box. $1.00 a gross box. 





There may be a few Commercial Schools in the land that are not using Ihr 
new edition of the PACKARD COMMERCIAL ARITHMETIC. If bo, 
they are neglecting a great opportunity, and the object of this advertisement 
is to advise them of that fact. 

This book is, by universal consent, /lie best book out. It was made on 
purpose by men who knew just what they were about, and just what was 
wanted in the best schools. John Van Buren once said that "the only way 
, to know what the public wants is to ascertain what yon want yourself." There 
is much truth in this, and the authors of the PACKARD ARITHMETIC 
I have acted upon it. The fact is, the book grew up in the school-room It 
1 was more than four years growing before the printer ever saw it. Every 
problem in It was tested and approved in practice before it was put in print. 
More than that, every statement made in it relative to the customs of busi- 
ness, and the laws of the several States touching the rates of interest, and 
the methods adopted has been duly verified by personal correspondence and 
careful investigation, and is absolutely reliable The following testimonial 
from a live teacher in Iowa is one of over two hundred which we have in 
hand. It puts the matter mildly and aptly, and that is why we print it : 

We use tbe Packard Arithmetic aud like it because it is practical, aDd is founded 
upon business .customs j because it is compact, crowding much into small space; 
because it sticks to its business, giving tbe most instruction and practical forms for tbe 
space occupied ; because it is carefully sradid ; and because tbe most important subjects 
receive 1 lie most attention. Tbe mechanical execution is beyond criticism. 

J, M. MEHAN, Des Moines. Iowa. 
Now is the best time to order this hook for the Fall supply. We put on 
a special gilt side title for any order of 25 copies or more. The retail price 
is $1.50; price to schools, $1. Introductory rates a trifle less. A single copy- 
to a teacher for examination will be sent on receipt of 75 cents. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 

I 1 East 23d Street, - - New York. 



^^<§mce 111 iitnun^tm - ^ _ 
Imiut IWaalTimjhm ihtsfi fttlr. ^ _ 

- y ^ -. 

S pTrsutrnl^ 

The Above Cut was Photo-Engraved from Pen and Ink Copy Executed at the Office of The Journal a 
the Testimonials of Merit kept In Stock. Special Orders for Blank Forms and the Filling of Same Pr( 
Estimates Clven on Request, with Circulars. For Samples Enclose 26 Cents. Full Size of above Certlflc 

s in a' Reduced Form one o 
ed In the Most Artistic Style 

c g&^2^. 


Commercial Law 

- jiii*i Commerci*! I>.-| r rn.-nts A new cdirinn Is now ready for delivery. 
Sample Copies will be sent to teachers on receipt of wholesale price, (SO Cents. 


. Luois, Mo., Feb. 1 

s duly rer'rl. ami I intended to reply i 

'1 <ln. 

"j In- dmie 

lendatlon. We a 

■ Wiirk i- •■'|H-il I 

year, and hive bei-n ubliged ti> po-timne ev.-vy 

1, and I am glad to be able to say that he comes fully up ti: 
i a t'-acber and as an individual, 
in of I ii - 1 .nil- 1 ion and m.'ln. l> of h-m-hiii- nrc w.-ll imIi-ii luted t>> ]>r miner hrst-cl I" penmen 
vi. nr wirki- • ■■ni-tl to any 1 have «een. 

II in discard tliH .-blii|iif- holder I' is the refuge ■,( sniib- penmen, tln.iiL.-li of course it 1- 
s rust Huss ti'ach'TS. who do not Ilk* [■> L'ive it up. 
any graceful writiny that was done with the obliipj.- holder, and I will not have It in my 


Hnon^h Hi.- '■ "■ In 1 • i on. 1 in 'I'd looking al i for a ■•nit at Ion 

Carpenter is pleased witl 
n. which wi' know liv a 


i- here front 
■. Carpenter, an 

Very Truly, 

Bedford, Mass . and took a course In plait 

'■iii-i'd looking al i for a snitation to sii 

result is Mr Carpenter Is pl.-ased with lii- tea-'lu'r 

itli in- po-irlon, which we know ' 

n serine in pinniiiiislilp. and prepare them to teach 

iwn 1' i layai "1 tind the Instruction received from you of great 

i.- 1 .11- N V says - " | am making a success of my teaching here " 
■..hi the i. lens Km lit. Morning Times: 

\'i nni.ii.-liip in Khnwood liu-iiie-u rolle L 'e, exhibits specimens ,,( 

- ,|,,w w Infill Improvement. I'lnf Atni-troti- is H ^raip.ale ..i 

■ ■ ..f He- I.. -1 I'i-ii At-[l-[s in !(„■ l.nite.l Muir, ■ 
i he I,. I low in- in i he I. ■lo'n. i,.-.- I.ij, oi Feliriiar> ">. isss rein live to one of mil' ,iui I en Is 

ad the aniclc on Hie l.inl" [i.u'k I 'orni i,il i 'olle-e. I 'en man-hip in this instil uthm is t iti'dit hy 

a. J. Willis, recently from Utlca, N. Y., and his skill, both as an artist and :. |. icher, is remark a 

students are in demand, and you will make no mistake in coming here for instruction In pennmn- 

desire to learn more al'oiit ns from those who have been In-re and taken instruction write to 
ing teachers einlosln^ a stump for reply. 
ten chine in their own schools, and others have g....d positions in Business Colleges 

.b-. ( in-;.. : 

< III 

■ following teachers, em-losing a stamp for reply. 

' ii' ii i in-* i. .ii-Iiiiil.' iii th'-ii n\\ u set Is, a i ' 

elal Departments in other Institutions: 
" " ; J. H. Wyse. Rnan 

. Burlington, \ t .; w i; Whelsler, I 
r, I lica. N V ; M Savi e. Toroni,,. Out ; Ii. It .Tones, R, 
i parties, and do imt get sati-faetii.n, let us know, ami i 

The Hand Book of Volapuk. 


Member of ilie icademy of Vol Lpnk— President of the Institute of Accounts. 

vol., 12 mo, 128 pp. Heavy paper, bound. Price, postage paid, $1. 


This work, ill the preparation of which neither lanor nor expense has been spa 
iprises : 

plaining the Purposes, Origin and History of Volapilk and 
ture of the lacjruajre. 

1. An Introductl 
the Volnptik movemei 

2. A grammatical exposition of tin 

3. The order or arrangement of words. 

4. The derivation of words, the selection of r.idica's anil the formation of 
by roinposiimn. |, v prefixes and li\ suffixes. 

Spodain ," Com mere ia I Correspondence. 
J.iliidam ," Reading Lessons. 

7. Vocabulary, Volapli'k-English. and English- VnJupQk. 

In iiddilimi Ihere is a portrait of Sehlcycr, with cxtraets from his writings; a 
ni in \ niapi'tk nl Hie changes made by the second annual Congress ; and a key i 

s for ( 



Tlie only Amorlcau periodical devoted in whole or in part lo the i 
Ulguogo is The Office. 

Iu it the departmenl entitled "Volaspodel," contains progresMve lessons in 

.'nlapltk. with special reference to commercial correspoucleuec. Published monthly. 

iption $1 a year. Specimen copies 10 cents each. 

ir circulars of Ihc Hand Book of Volapilk, and lor nther 

. nddri 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 


Peerless ! Luxurious ! ! 


The Spencerian Copybooks, 

Including the various series of that well-known system, slill 
maintain their well-earned and generally recognized position as 


The symmetry, accuracy and beauty of their copies have been 
imitated but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
can be ascribed to any other series is that it resembles the 

The arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
with the highest educational standards. 

The quality of paper used in their manufacture is peculiar to 
the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and the 
use of patented machinery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


Hy P. R. Spencer's Sons, constitute a new departure in penman- 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are not designed to displace or supersede the 
Spencerian, but for use in schools or among private learners when 
an abbreviated "running hand" is desired. 

f Spencerian Large, ----- 06 cents. 
P''' ces : -j Spencerian Small, 9 2 cents. 

i Spencerian New, - - - 96 cents. 

Correspondence solicited. 


753 & 755 Broadway, New York., 
ni 149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

This College furnisher", at moderate cost, the 
very beat business training, The Course Is an 
embodiment of the latent and most approved 
methods yet attained by the beat American Dual 
ness Colleges. 

H Is progressive and thorough In all lta appoint- 
ments and departments. 

The methods for Illustrating actual business in 
use In Business Practice Departments, are 
conceded, by business educators generally, to be 
the very best yet devised by the Business Col- 
lege world, These "Business Praotlee" Depart- 
ments alone, in this Institution, contain a more 
complete course of training than the entire course 
Iu many Business Colleges that claim to be among 
the best. 

The Principal of this Department Is an ex- 
perienced bookkeeper as well as a teacher 
of unsurpassed ability, and gives his entire time 
to his pupils. For more complete information, 
send for " The Commercial World." 


This la Exclusively a School ol iv 

ship, and Is, without an exception, the best In 

The Principal of this Department stands at 
the head of the Profession as an Artist; and 
as a Teacher of Penmanship, "he has no liv- 
ing equal," and devotes alx houra dally to 
teaching. If you desire to become a Teacher, 
Penman and Artist, attend a school wholly de- 
voted to this one thing, and also place yourself 
under a teacher who gives his time to teaching. 
This School turns out more finished penmen 
than all the Business College Penmanship De- 
partments in the United States combined. 

Remember, the Specialty of tbls School of Pen- 

lship I 


tid for "The 

11. K t I & HENDERSON, 


Eclectic School of Shorthand & Typewriting. 



.'II I 11 i i v. < 


^WlLLlflMS -0o 

To tlte Principal of any scJioot, unacquainted with the work, who 

moil ilisire to lest it* merit's in ilnss, with n eieie "' regular niloptioii. 
in- will flint, eliari/es pveiHtitl. tin eopies of tin 1 first ■ ><> piifp-s or the 
l„„, 1,-1.,, ,,,„,/. tot/ether ni'h it eapg of ■■ Complete Jlool, -keeping," on 
receipt of only $2,50. 


"I HI' I I wrFk- lslirs[\l:ssntAi I ICF-" Tl. i |.r.„t,,.J t™ luble slid effective system 

\.\ BOO ngedtoi raps earious editions of the 1 Wtee ; slso, blurt 




? /PW [Jm4^U^^ 

s Is the i 

•■] k Mf I 

; ( ll Hi.- hi.; 

. k 

i ■ kepi ol 

nirriiv.-il mi, ,irihled fnmi M ■ ..i 

no ro-oub. There aw two part*: 

ii slip- These slips are nut. bound togethei 

7 oopy la giv> 

1 onmprabnnslre " [nrtruotloi 

; does not 9iini>lynu'iitLi»u and skim nvn i In- difficult llilm-- in 
C. Clark, President ('lurk's Bushier fnlli?. 

Plain Wiitintr,- mid think It ou'eii 
n-, r'i itieijiiil-t Fxt 1-Nit.r Business and 
The Slips riv v.-vy well written, en-raved and svstemat i.-.r 1 1 \ 

i>r Ii-;hIihi-. .mil sh,,iil,l ri.o'iii' a hearty endorseme ' ' 
* wanted in every town iind e<jh.i<il. A discount 

If this" 

-hiL'e fur return, providl 


jiish ileliini 

Collect all other 

•liege i if 


Ii [dea-ed w 
„ d think it ol p ... 

I'i iini|M!- l-:xt rlsn.r Jins v- ami Mi. at hand i , >li, -p 

graved ami s V s!eiiiatle.ill\ arr -i n l-i-i! fur i 

hearty endorsement fr-.m all interested in penmanship 
" unt given. A reddeN.... t .. nehools. 

f tlie " |,f-s,,||," anil e.nnjiar. 

., printing, 

■ idtli 

thiriLr of the kind e 

i- i.iii.ii-i 

refund the Ji 

than any similar work nnhll-hed, ' 

ie returned in t'""d • oiiditlim. It Kern- rally einumded to lie the best 

jmplete work mailed in a neat and substantial case to any address in the world for 

Stamps not taken. 




Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

i st. — The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn the 

System. Only six books. 
2d — The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovfils, etc. The first complete 

system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
3d. — The lateral spacing is uniform, each word tilling; a given space and no crowding or stretching 

to secure such results. 
4th. — Beautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 
5th. — Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as " zeugma, urquesne, 

sylus, tenafly, mimetic, and xuthus." 
6th. — Each book contains four pages of practice paper — one sixth more paper than in the books of 

any other series — and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th. — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed on tinted paper, rendering them 

very attractive to the pupil. 
8th.— Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 


All the Copies 

of the Series 




JO ....... _... — .... J i 


J -Aj.J;.i ... 


A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers, 

Published Monthly 
at 205 Broadway, N. Y. for $1 per ye; 


Entered at the Post Office of New Yo 
N.Y., as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

KELLEV. A.ioci.U Edit 


Vol. XII.— No. 7. 

Business Writing. 

of this practical sermon is 
Business Writing."' Aud after all, what 
do you. the .student, understand by " Busi- 
ness Writing ? " It is this and only this : 
that style ami quality of penmanship most 
easily executed, most rapidly executed and 
most easily read. There can no more be a 
standard fixed for it than for the physiog- 
nomy or for the stature of the writer him- 

It goes without saying that the first re- 
quisite of business writing is legibility. 
Though your pen might glide over the 
paper with the speed of the whirlwind, un- 
less what you committed to the paper can 
be readily deciphered it would obviously 
fall short of every business requirement. In 
these stirring times employers and em- 
ployees have no leisure to devote to the un- 
tangling of obscure manuscripts. They 
must be able to see and to grasp your ideas 
at a glance. What you committed to the 
piper must speak emphatically and at 

The second requirement is facility— em- 
bodying ease and rapidity. Lastly, the 
characters should present a graceful and 
harmonious appearance. 

To be legible the letters should have dis- 
tinctive forms. Simplicity and economy of 
form Itself contributes to rapidity. Omy 
essential lines should be used ; any super- 
fluity iu the way of extended terminals, 
flourishes ami the like detract not only 
from the quality of the writing from a busi- 
ness point of view, but materially decrease 
the speed. So also a large handwriting re- 
quires more lime for execution than a 
smaller hand. We do not. of course, ad- 
imped or crowded bund, but (he 
best business writing is rather below what 
we understand as medium size. 

The term " facility" is meant to express 
that free, tireless and rapid movement 
Which may be imparted to the pen by the 
muscular action of the forearm and fingers 
in combination. As to the last require- 
ments the chief essentials are uniformity in 
Size, shape, slant and spacing without which 
the effeel is ragged and altogether unin- 
viting. Perhaps the most fruitful source 
Ol bad writing is carelessness, for few per- 
sons are so deformed or so blunt of percep- 
tion as to be disabled from acquiring an 
easy, legible handwriting. The most dim. 
cult writing to read that has come Undei 

observation has baen not the product pf 

ignorant people, but of persons really skilled 

of penmanship who scribble aud 
•without regard to 


iOf c 

rehensiblc i 

the writer. 

in business 

made both t 

should be si 

in character, and ' 

the most scrupuloi 

proportion to the real skill of 
Figures play an important part 
writing. As a rule they are 
>o large and too heavy. They 
lull, unshaded and distinctive 
rittcu in columns 
should be given 
D position and spacing. From inattention 
o these details more than to any olher 
ause are to be attributed the errors of ac- 

We present here a business alphabet of 

Representative Penmen of 

We present on this page the portrait of 
one of the youngest members of the profes- 
sion that has yet appeared in The Jour- 
nal's list of representative penmen, also 
the first who lives and labors in that part of 
our country usually designated as the 

Alouzo C. Webb began his twenty-one 
years of farm life in Lucas County, Iowa, 

capitals with figurcsappended. These may 
be imitated to advantage by those who are 
following our course of lessons in writing. 
Mould your ideas on these models and 
though your individuality will inevitably 
assert itself in modification of the forms, 
you will find yourself in the end not far 
out of the way. 


teach school, 
thereby pro- 
3 still further 

in 18,19. Like many others in the profes- 
sion he early manifested an interest in writ- 
ing* and drawing, but his opportunities for 
cultivating this taste were confined to what 
few points be could pick up here aud there. 
By the time he was of age he had secured a 
sufficient knowledge of 
branches to enable him ti 
which he did for two year 
curing means to enable bim 
pursue his literary course in a normal col- 
lege and at the same time gratify his taste 
for the useful and beautiful in penmanship. 
In 1883 he went to Nashville. Tenn., and 
established Webb's Institute of Penmanship 
and Art, an institution which has steadily 
increased in popularity until it would to day 
do honor to a veteran. 

Prominent educators who have come 
directly in contact with his work speak of 
him as being a very efficient teacher, pains- 
taking, patient, aud thoroughly reliable. 
Richly endowed with that spirit of enthu- 
siasm so necessary to the successful teacher, 
he really imparts to the students under his 
charge the same earnest desire for improve- 
ment that has always characterized him- 

About three years ago he married Miss 
Ellen Hauor. of Bowling Green, Ky., a 
young lady of rare refinement and marked 
artistic talents, who has by her energy and 
ability aided him greatly in his work. Mr. 
Webb is not only a successful penman and 
teacher, but Is also an artist of a high order. 
Though young in the profession be stands 
in the front rank with those who do the 
finest engrossing and pen drawing. A 
glance at the portrait accompanying this 
sketch engraved direct from his own pen 
aud ink copy, will convince the reader that 
he is not receiving undue praise. He also 
sketches from nature and does handsome 
work with the crayon and brush. His 
work in the different penmen's papers has 
invariably excited the admiration of their 
many readers. This is due to the fact that 
with masterly stroke and touch he combines 
a remarkable degree of originality. 

The remark is frequently heard that little 
progress has been made in furnishing the 
world with new pen designs — inotherwords 
the field is overrun with mere copyists. 
This criticism has real weight, hence the 
presence of such workris as Mr. Wtbb is 
all the more valuable, He will arouse in 
others a desire to discover, invent, design 
and thus assist in bringing about a change 
which shall give to the world the very best 
that the artist's individuality can produce. 
His ability in designing has been one of the 
principal causes which have in so short a 
time brought him into such favorable no- 
tice with the public. The numerous ex- 
amples of artistic peuwork that have ap- 
peared in The Journal from time to time 
have been to bim a source of constant study 
and delight, and to them he ascribes, in a 
large measure his success in engrossing and 
pen drawing. 

Home has bad additional charms to him 
since he has became acquainted with the 
two bouncing boys that have recently come 
to call him father. 

He is unassuming in his manner, frank 
and open in bis statements, quick to see the 
Inirnurinis >jrli- <i|' a Mtuntion. n rlooc- ob- 
server, a hard working student, an honest 
advertiser and conscientious in all his 

The writer of this little sketch com- 
mends the example of Mr. Webb to every 
ambitious youth who longs to discover the 
road to succesB in pen art. 

Norwegian Folk-Lore. 

They remembered In .silence, however, 
those children who were berrying and sat 
down to measure their berries. The Troll 
always wears scarlet when she is good- 
humored, but when she is angry appears in 
gray. The Troll came along in gray, flirt- 
ing her shawl and looking like any other 
womau.until she stooped down to eat ber- 
ries out of one girl's measure. The child 
saw the iron screw with which a Troll fast 
ens her back hair, and, throwing her berries 
abroad, ran yelling home. 

And the old man who was working in his 
garden when the Troll came to him, acting 
angrily . that night he put a silver piece un- 
hie house and she came no more. — Mary 
Hartirrlt Vathrnrimd, >» '/'/'• May. 
mine for April 

Specially made to our order abroad ami 
imported. A triumph of the peiimaker's 
irt. Ames' Best Pen, Sfi cents a b03& 

The Editor's Leisure He 

for the summer 
lis, July and Au- 

old premium schedule 
may be considered in 
force. You may take 
your choice of that or 

Dounccd En detail in 

in the February issue. 

[f you like Tee Journal, if you find it 

of use to you and you think it might be as 

useful to your friends, why not tell them 

all aboul it and do them and us a service? 

The Fifty Quotation*. 

The Joi hnai. for May contained a list of 
fifty popular quotations with a request that 
their authors be named by any subscriber. 
Last month we printed a list of thirty one 
authors from George II. Schweinhart. 
Louis Keller, 205 East Sixteenth street, 
New York City, has sent us a complete list. 
Many letters have been 
interest in the matter. In response to 
erous requests we reprint the list of quot 

1. The glory that was Greece 
And the grandeur (hat was Rumc. 

:.' A cowslip by the river's brim 
A yellow cowslip was to him, 
And It was nothing more. 

4. Virtue Is her owe reward. 

5. They laugh that win. 

6. Spare the lod and spoil the child. 

7. God favors the heaviest battalions. 

8. Eternal vigilance la the price of liberty, 
'J I'll die In the last ditch. 

10. Beginning of the end 

11. God made the country 
And man made the town. 

lfl, i came, I saw, I conquered 

13. When found make a noie of. 

14. Sparkling and bright. 

15. Theirs not to make reply, 

. Emerson. 

S.irali F Adams 

9Q Denis] Webstar 

.-., K 1I.-I..T. 

IB). Lord Byron. 

II. Daniel Webster. 

42. Job. 

48. Lawrence. 

■ KillL ill V 

Hoody and Sankey 
i Washington Irving. 
i>., ,M i n, bater 

So by $5 and obtained >.'.'' u a result 
would undoubtedly multiply m by 
*Mj and obtain £" rents Vouranuot multiply things 
by things. The multiplier is always abstract and 
represents the number of times the multiplicand 
Is to be t.'ii. en as apa^t, (,«., Is to be added to Itself 
%i> taken five limes is 125. J'> or 600 cents taken 

- i- ?■-'-" 

Theirs but t 
10. Thou sayst i 

All mankind love a lover. 
. There is a reaper whose name is Peat 
i. Nearer, my God. to Thee, 
i. Curses are all like young chickens, 

And still come lionie to roost. 
. Truth crushed to earth shall rise agaii 
. He bullded better than be knew 
. O, for the touoh of a vanished hand, 

And the sound of a voice that is still, 
. The beating of myownheart 

Was all the sound I heard. 

" Will you walk into my parlor!" 

Said the spider to the fly. 
. standing with reluctant feet 

Where the brook and liver meet. 

Womanhood and childhood fleet. 
. When he's foraakeu, 

Withered and shaken. 

. Though lost t 

i old r 


Who stole the Uverj ol the i 
To serve the Devil in 

. A thine of beaut) is a |oj fo 

. But evil [g wrought by want 

Tell i 

Long, long 
>. If that be treason, make the most of it 

'. He tuuelted t lie o| [iiiMir err, ill. 

And It stood upon Its feet. 

Yrom Greenland's icy mountains. 
I. 1 remember, I remember. 

The house where I was born. 
i. Butchered to make a Roman holiday 
'. We have met the enemy and they are oi 

Independence uowand independence foi 
. 1 would not live always. 
-. Don't give up the ship. 

For though on pleasure she was bent, 

she had a frugal mind. 
. Breathes there a man with soul so deac 

Who never to himself has said. 

This Is my own, my native land. 

Three fishers went sailing 

out into the west. 

H Hold the fort, for I at 


W. Write me as one Who 

4ft The Almighty Dollar. 

B0 The past, at least, is so 

Here is. the list of a 

lr. Keller ■ 

I I'oe. a 

-. Wordsworth, 

3. Morris. j 

. Hood. 

S. Shakespeare, a 

' Fit/ Green Hall 

8 Author unknown 

B W llllam of Oraui;e. 

(So attributed by Hun 

R. M. Milnes. 
Maty HOWiti 


It will be seeo by reference to Mr. 
ISHiweinlmrt's list intbe June Journal that 
six of hisauthors differ from those given by 
Mr Keller. They are 

18. Shakespeare. 

S3. President Jackson 

m. Said of Alexander Hamilton. 

47, Ballad of the Late War. 
Now, will some other literary subscriber 
jump in the breach and let us know which 
of these gentlemen is right, also if there are 
any other points in Mr. Keller's list that 
need correcting '! 

The price of Ames' Best Pens is 35 cents 
for a quarter gross box ; $1 for a gross box. 

Dozens of other interesting replies have 
been received, uoue more readable than that 
from P. T. Benton, Iowa City, In., which 
wittily closes in this way : 

Supposing that the statement $5 x $5 = $25 to be 
a i rue i..n, that we can multiply by a concrete 
number, then what will the remaining term In this 

equation !"■ \ 

la it "square men?" If so let us keep on multi- 
plying until the world is full of such quantities 

Everybody is pleased with our new Pre- 
mium schedule, Its inducements are such 
that they can't help being. The full list is 
in the Februnry number, and you should 
keep a copy for reference. We can send 
you an extra copy for ten cents. 

Some astronomers have devoted special 
attention to counting the number of stars 
which may be seen with the uaked eye, and 
the result has been that, even to persons 
gifted wilb more than the ordinary powers of 

lgroved from Specimen by A. C. Welil>, NmsIh 

Dollars and Sense. 

The subscriber who, in the June number 
of The Journal propounded the problem 
of multiplying dollars and cents, has our 
Miauke for tbe entertainment lie has afford- 
ed us by an unusual number of bright let- 
ters showing the fallacy of his proposition. 
What, for instance, could be sharper or bet- 
ter put thau the following from A. Perkins. 
Jr . ScottsviUe, Va.: 

In answer to "asubsoriberV proposition in the 
June number of the Journal, I will say that the 
whole proposition is wrong, in as much as things 
must be multiplied by numbers and not by things. 

If yon multiply $5 by £5, you simply add to $i 
live more dollars, result Sia if you multiply 500 
oenti by BOOoonts, you add to 500 oen 
more, result 1,000 cents (Sto.), but if you multiply 
85 hy 5 you have $25. If you multiply COO cents by 
G yon have 8,600 cents, $£8. If you multiply 500 
cents by 500, you have 250,000 cents, oi If you mul- 
tiply go by 500 you have the same result. 260,000 
cents, or $2,500. 

Here is an extract from another very 
readable letter, from E, B. Norton, Cam- 
bridge, N. Y.: 

It is a well known fact in mathematics that tl„- 

multiplier must always be an abstract number, 

W< can not multiply $5 by 

|6, bat '.Mil multiply §5 by 5; we cannot multiply 

600 oenta by 600 cents, but can multiplj " loots 

by 500. 85 and 500 cents are equivalent. If we 

multlply$6byBweobtaln|»,but if we multiply 

' equivalent $5, by 500. our multiplie r 

being 100 times as great as tbe previous multiplier.' 

necessarily be 100 Hints as great' 

i from W. D. Somerset, Portland. 

iccommodaUon ol -■ Mend 

vision there are not so many as 4,000 stars 
at any time visible above the horizon. But 
a very different result presents itself when 
the heavens are surveyed through n tele- 
scope. Countless number of stars then 
come iuto view which were previously invisi- 
ble, and tbe more powerful the telescope 
used the greater tbe number of stars re- 
vealed to observation, until Dually the con- 
clusion is arrived at that the number of 
stars visible in the heavens is limited only 
by the optical capacity of the instrument 
which the observer may employ in his 
survey. A familiar illustration of this is 
furnished by the well known group of stars 
koown as the Pleiades. Surveyed with the 
miked eye this interesting object is seen to 
consist of only six or seven stars ; but w |,,. N 
Observed with an ordinary opera glass the 
entire field of view is tilled with a beautiful 
congeries of distinct stars. The astrono- 
mer, Sir William Heraehel, who fur sur- 
passed other astronomers in the profundity 
of his explorations of the stellar heavens, 
has left upon record some striking resuitsof 
his observations illustrative of the immense 
multitude of stars which a powerful tele- 
scope is capable of revculing. It may be 
proper to remark that when the stars are 
surveyed even with a telescope of moderate 
capacity they are seen traveling in quick 
succession through the field of view of the 
instrument, an optica] illusion attributable 
to the diurnal revolution of the earth upon 
its axis. Herschel, while engaged in survey- 
ing some regions of the Milky Way, found 
in the short Interval of a quarter of an hour 

as mauy as 116,000 stars pass through the 
field of his telescope. On another occasion 
he estimated that in 41 minutes there passed 
in the review before him Ihe immense num- 
ber of 2:58,000 stars —Good Word* 

Tbe man who pleased every body never 
existed, hut no one can find fault with 
Ames Baal Pen. 

The Making nt )'o*t>igc Stump-.. 

The design of the stamp is engraved on 
steel, and in printing, plates are used on 
which two hundred stamps are engraved 
Two men cover these plates with col- 
ored inks and pass them to a man and a girl 
who print them on large hand-presses. 
When they are dried enough, they are sent 
into another room and gummed. The gum 
used for ibis purpose is a peculiar composi- 
tion, made of powdered dried potatoes and 
vegetables mixed with water. After having 
been again dried, they are put between 
sheets of pasteboard and pressed in hydrau- 
lic presses capable of applying a weight of 
2,000 tons. The sheets afe then cut in two 
by girls, with loDg shears, cutting by hand 
being preferred to that done by machin- 
ery, which destroys too many stamps, then 
they are pressed once more, and then packed 
and labeled and stowed away to be sent out 
to the various offices when ordered. If a 
single stamp is torn or in any way mutilated > 
the whole sheet of one hundred stamps is 
burned. Not less than 500,000 are said to 
be burned every week. The greatest care 
is taken in counting the sheets of stamps to 
guard against stealing by employes, aud It 
is said that during the past twenty years 
not a sheet has been lost in this way. 

An astute mathematician calculates that 
there are now 518 "best" penmen in 
America. Every one knows, though, that 
there is only one best pen— Ames' Best, 35 
cents for a quarter gross box, 

Educate Your Byes. 
Visual grasp varies, of course, with the 
individual; but much may be done in edu- 
cating the eye and perceptive faculties. 
Houdin, tbe celebrated prestidigitator, at- 
tributed his success in his profession mainly 
to his quickness of perception, which, he 
tells us in his eulertaining autobiography, 
lie acquired by educating bis eyes to detect 
a large number of objects at a single glance. 
His plan was to select a shop window full of 
a miscellaneous assortment of articles and 
walk rapidly past ita number of times every 
riting down each object which im- 
pressed itself on his mind. In this way he 
was able, after a time,to detect instantaneous- 
ly all of the articles in the window, even 
though they might be numbered by scores. 
Agassiz understood tbe value of this quick- 
ness and accuracy of perception. On one 
occasion he desired to select an assistant for 
one of his classes. There were a number of 
candidates for the post of honor, and, find- 
ing himself in a quandary as to which one 
be should choose, tbe happy thought oc. 
curred to him of subjecting three of tbe 
more promising students to the simple test 
of describing what they saw at u single 
glance from the laboratory window, which 
overlooked the side yard of the college. One 
said that be saw merely a board fence and a 
brick pavement, another added a stream o>f 
soapy water: the third detected the color of 
the paint on tbe fence, noted a green mold 
or fungus on the bricks antl evidences of 
"bluing" in the water, besides other details. 
It is needless to tell which candidate was 
awarded tbe coveted position. 

The World's Stock ot Gold. 

A French writer on finance recently esti- 
mated the total stock of gold in the world 

in one shape or other at about £580.000.000 
($2,900,000,000), of which total England 
has £126,000,000, France £136,000,000, 
Germany £80,000,000, and the Dnitfld 
States £02,000,000. Other nations come in 
for shares varying from £*00.000 in the 
euse of Holland, to €80,400,000 in Spain. 

A boy who can't own a beautiful $100 
bicycle now (by working for Tin: Joi B IA1 
hasn't much snap anil push about him — 

^cp'f of ^*OM09?apl(i}, 

The Demandfor Shorthand Files 
There was such b demand for our short- 
hud fltefl last month thai the complete seta 
were exhausted before the June Jouksal 

hud been from press 11 week. Only one 
number is missing so far. and we at once 
gave orders for reprinting its shorthand 
Pages. These are now being put in shape, 
and we beg a few days indulgence from 
those who have recently scut us orders. 

At the present rate of sales all the JoUR- 
nal bnck numbers containing the short- 
hand lessons will be exhausted in a few 
weeks. Provide yourself while you can. 
Sets complete with binder $2 ; without 
binder. $1.50. 

We print elsewhere some particular* of a 
•ipeed contest hi typewriting. The version 
we present is the official "call." and it tells 
its own story. To a man up a tree it looks 
like a shrewd stroke on behalf of the Cali- 
graph. The requirement "In writing evi- 
dence. Q and A. respectively, followed by 
period, must be written before each ques- 
tion! and answer," is meant to present the 
double key machines at their worst. The 
duplicating test of at least fifteen copies is 
a plain dig at the Hammond. The Ham- 
inond people claim that so much duplication 
tends to tear a machine to pieces, and we 
think the point well taken. Perhaps we are 
wrong in supposing the "speed contest" 
wasarraiiLrcd in the ( '(digraph interest, but 
it looks mightily that way. 

The Prize Script Winner. 
Will II. Wilcox, Tacoma. Washington 
Territory, bears off the prize pen offered by 
the JOURNAL for the best specimen of Mini 
son shorthand script for publication. Me 
piescni it herewith and have no doubt that 
the award will be satisfactory to the other 
competitor. Several of the specimens 
were excellent, and we may print some of 

grandeur of falling wjit 
srlury ■■( the setliiu; -nn 

ting Ih.'ir niMvin- -h;nl..w. ..a th.- u'l 'Si .-i-iy 

ipe* th.-v t>ok, ;.- they wound and enwonnd 
tr lone folds ' There we silt ami walcli.-d (hem 
light as you can only -ee when 
st seven thousand feet above the 

■I. mi]', r. il.'iis.r air in wide! !i 

italned, r.ii,,,,'-) 


ust allied, f ill full int. i Hi.- gorge — tl" >>' '.'o-"- ■"" ". 

iuen by Will II WJIi-Mx/l.n-Miui,. Wii-hingtnn 



The outlines for the words "literally," 
"uniting "and "denser" would be better 
written Thus: 

■„,.., <L , «, 

In the matter of phrasing, Mr Wilcox 

has carried the principles a Utile too fur in 
the phrases "Pipe of Peace," "Fork of 
the," and "Glory of the." each of which 
would have been more easily rear! had the 
" of " and the " oT the " been written sepa- 
rately In the phrase "ami I should " the 
"ami " would lie belter by itself, as in fast 
writing it would be difficult to distinguish 


< '[ii-Liini- ni;iy srh-ci ih.'irown reader if 
desirable, or the committee will provide a 
general reader. If the committee's reader 
reads for all opi.-rafnrs they shall all write 

at the same time. Those who selecl theii 
own readei must not he |>resent in the room 
where contest is held during the time the 

iilhcr operators nre competing unless ihey 
lire writing at I lie same time in competition. 
To save time it is desirable that all up.- 
rators write at the same time. 

Law evidence must be written for teu 
minutes, and correspondence must lie writ- 
ten For five minutes, and the highest num- 
ber of points possible for am operator to 

mak.- will be ten thousand. 

Deductions for errors. One point will be 
deducted for each of the following errors : 

If a word is omitted, a point will be de- 
ducted for each letter and for one space; and 
for every transposed word. a half point will 
be deducted for each letter contained there- 
in writing evidence. Q. and A. respec- 
tively followed by a period must be written 
before each question and answer. 

A period must wind up every declarative 

Few of the readers of Tue Journal will 
recognize the portrait above, yet there is 
not a shorthand writer in the country whose I 
name is more familiar to writers of all sys- 
tems than that of E. N. Miner, editor and I 
publisher of the Phonographic World, of 
New York. Possessed of indomitable en- 
ergy and a thorough knowledge of the 
worth of his own convictions, alive to the 
wants of his profession and quick to re- 
spond. Mr. Miner has gained for the World 
a circulation more than twice as large as 
that ever before attained by any phono- 

graphic publication iu this country, and a 
the same time has built up a large business 
in new and secoudliand writing machines 
and supplies in New York, with a flourish- 
ing branch house in Chicago. 

Mr. Miner is siill a young man, having 
just passed his thirty-fourth birthday, and 
together with bis charming wife, who is a 
tireless worker in the same field with her 
husband, we hope he will labor on, until 
all his books" are filled with useful 
"matter" for his fellow scribblers, and 

the phrase from "wc should." But it. is an 
extremely creditable piece of work through 
and through, and we heartily congratulate 

Canadian Shorthand Society 
Speed Contest. 

First prize, a gold medal ; second prize. 
a silver medal. 

A bronze medal will be awarded the ope- 
rator attaining the highest speed in writing 
the following sentence: " This is a song to 
till thee with delight." Three thousand 
poinls will be given for writing this sen- 
tence ninety times in live minutes. The 
samededuct'ion will be made for errors as in 
dictated matter 

Medals will have particulars of contest 
and winner's name engraved thereon. 

Rcxes.— The contest will he held in Tor 
onto on l-"bh August, in a building selected 
by the committee. 

Competitors must he bona tide members 
of tbe Society. Those who are not now 
members may obtain application form from 
the Secretary, and send fee, $1, 

No person will be allowed to enter the 
contest who does not produce membership 
card for the current year, and who does 
nol comply with the rules under which 
contest will be conducted. 

Applications of competitors must he in 
the hands of the Secretary ten days before 

that write capitals and small letters. 

Matter shall be u portion of law evidence 
and a common letter free from any techni- 

sentence, and a mark of interrogation au 
interrogative sentence. 

All operators will he required to write 
on paper furnished by the Committee. 

Operators will make at least three copies 
of all matter. 

To each copy must be attached in hand- 
writing the signature of the operator, one 
copy of which may be retained by the ope* 

To'show skill in i 
ors will be required 
from slow dictation. 

Perfect work combined with speed will 
be the basis upon which the Committee will 
give judgment. 

No change will be made in the above 
rule- unless by a majority vote ol the I 'ojij- 

The committee's Judgment to be final 

COKTBIBUTZOaa S I'iko. — In order to 

meet the i \p. :.- ..-tin.. t.,| v,ith the con 

test, and in. n in tbe prin fund, the Com- 
mittee requests all parties who are interest- 
ed in typewriting, who employ stenograph 

the attaining of higher speed on all ma- 

< h. el,- tn.-n In- made payable to the Sec- 
retary, and nil i ontributions will be grate- 
fully acknowledged. 

(Signed) Taos. Pinkney. Pres. 
N s. Dunlop, Sec'y. 
0. E. St anbury. 
Thob.HcGilli cuddy. 
C. W. Perky. 

La Salle St. 


Bnstaen Lei 

■ annul nf Typewriting, 
■t Writer I F.M't.i,.-. 

Practice. Price, si. 50; 
terllnear Phonographic 

stomp fur pamphlet ami 


I'Mla.l.'Iphia, p a 


S1.50. n 

mi receipt of * 

V pari of iIr. 1'nited m.hi.s 

805 Broadway, New York. 

TEACHERS learned shorthand, vaca- 
tions, and secured positions at. double 
former salaries. and instruction 
by mail to master ft, SO. Book. SI. 

it In" l.iwii -ruinates l> L. Scott-Biiowne, 

'£3 School St Boston, In the leadlnp Aman- 
uenses Training School in New England, and one 
of the few institutions of Its kind where a really 
-tonographic. husiiiess education can lie obtained 


The Wonderful Machine for Writing Shorthand. 

Easy. Accurate and Reliable Send stamp for a 


young people loli'ani Slmilhai 

e. Every wm-rtiv student L-uar 

d ;> position Largest Me. riband School in 
oiintiy I-owc-t tuition U.-sf .'iceoiiiiie.d.'i- 

It will com vou nothing lo five th.' L-ssous 
ver 100 graduates in plensani and n-ition 
sitions this vi-iif, nt Kii lark** from %'*i t 

Sim" 1'iT month. Semi j 

and begin this 
MORE, Iiistru. r..i Shorthand and Typewriting, 

fascinatlnir study n 

a Normal College, Sheimndo 


no position, vowels oinnkctivk. Price, $S, com- 
plete, or Part I. 50 cents ; Part It, 81,73- Lessons 
by mall ; trial lesson and eircular free In- 

31'- Detroit, Mich 

SHORTHAND 'h»'?"ei>iy t.u.h 
TENOGRAPHERS J."™,'.'. 1 ' c 



Machine for 

ilar Letters, 

Shorthand Writing 

Taught by i 
Instruction. Sec 
men of writing. 

Seven Solid Statements 

'i-iirinril, is the quick est ever devised for 

es a thorough 

;,;, f .v.'.-'V,-,','. 1 : 



in leaching ; 

in'u method 

Loghl Ea tbe 

P. Fatmin.' 

ohn Wat. on 


Penman's Art Journal 




The Journal's General Agent for- Canada is A.J. 
Small, whose headquarters are 13 Grand Opera 
House, Toronto. Elliott Fraser, Secretary " Circle dt 
la Salle," Quebec, (P. 0. Box 164). is special agent foi 
that city and vicinity. The International Xews Co.. 
11 Bouverie Street (Fleet Street), London, are it* 
foreign agents. 

rB JOCBNAL containing Five Pages of 
lendlcl Premium Inducements, while we 
vn Extra Copies to spare. Typewriter*, 

ailing Shot Guns, 




Tin- Pfi 

.-in — \s riling 

D. T. Ames. 


A. C. Webb. 

W. X- Ferris. 

irweglon Folk-Lore 

ik Ki.iT.m- Lu.i-, t Hoi it 
Tii- Kifu (iu-.tjilK-iif ; IMlars anrl Sense, 
i minting Mi. Twinkling Hosts of the 
Ik-awns Tin M ikiitL' of Pi.stntri- Stamp.-. 
K«lij' :itt- \ mir Lvt'S Tin: W.nni's stm-k 
of Gold. 


(Will I 


Since the last issue of The Jou 
the editor has been whirled across the 
Uncut, and is now enjoying bis 
holiday at the National Teachers' Associa- 
tion in session at the Queen city of the 
Pacific slope According lo its custom for 
years, this issue of The Journal is a vaca- 
tion half number. In the next we shall 
present entertaiuing accounts of the National 
Teachers' and Business Educators' Conven- 
tions with some notes of transcontinental 
travel that ought to be of interest. The ab- 
breviated space of this issue compels the 
omission of much matter that will make the 
August JOURNAL unusually piquant and 

Not .many moke days of grace remain 
for those who intend to compete for our 
literary prize. The manuscripts must be in 
by August 1. 

Tin* is from the Budget, a monthly liter 
urv periodical, published at Marysviile, t'al : 
"Ames 1 New Compendium of Practical 
and Ornamental Penmanship bus recently 
been received, and is a worthy product of 
America's best penman. It is printed in 
couvenient form for showing to advantage 
Uieurtisi's work, and gives specimens of 
each department of this branch— from the 
writing of over twenty alphabets, to the 
rartODj elaborate drawings and 

Special Summer Offer 

~fr§iri July and August I 3&& - 

The new premium schedule of The Journal (announced in the issue 
of February last) gave the friends of the puper something new to work for* 
To good, active workers the terms are the best ever made, and all persons 
who send subscriptions to the Journal should keep a copy of the premium 
issue before them. 

Some of our friends have written us that they have received money for 
subscriptions from persons who had been canvassed when the old premium 
schedule was in force, and who were unaware of the change. Such agents, very 
many of them teachers, have asked earnestly for a little further extension of 
lime on the old list in order to meet such cases as we have named. 

In view of these facts we have concluded to res/ore the old premium 
(•tiers for the months of July and August. The premiums are as follows : 

For SI ttae.TornNALone year, with choice « -f foil. .wine i-Wiim [ireintiims : 

i.nrti.l.i M.moioil 1'.i.\JI I Ftoitri*hr,I Fnali .. " 24 X 3d 

Family Seoord 16x22 Flourished si,,,, • ii x :« 

Marriage CHrttflcat i "18x28 | Contennial Picture of Progress . . " 24x38 

These premiums tire wlthnut exempt! ni.tnl x<-\<\ .xliiethm- of some of the most elegant spe.i 

mens of pen work ever -h.iwn in this .mm try l'ri. ■«? be mull. .".n edits each. 

Ill place .<f liiiv ..f tin' above a snbsenbei remit I i iil' *1 Ln'llir ,.hn ii-rn m;i\ re.eive lis premium 
.i |i;i.k:iu-'- of A me* <'"/»/ Slifi'. or a cop\ "1 Aim'. (In id, to /; ,,.-!,.- tl ,, n ,/ Irfh/ir 'per, mm, */,>/>, b. hi ml in 
pimer, or tlie same in cb.lh bind imr for $1 »•:.. [■■•i S'J we will the .h.miNAi. -me year, the Guide in 
.loth nil. I a i*o|iv ..f th.' .Sfin, ,/<!)■•/ Pnoiieoi /'. r,mans!ii/i 

ForS^ we Will mail t w.. sul.--e.ipt lulls, enrh Willi pr it i. a n.l an- .,',., )■■ ■ - im u rn .,|a r.|.v„f Iwr*' 

(.•tide hi cloth, the price of which is 31 . 

For $13. w.' \xill mail twelve t-n.-li with pi'-minni . ami an t.i/ia premium of a eopy 
of A wee' Comjiriirlinrn of ornamental Penmanship, price $5. 

The restoration of the old premiums will in no way interfere with the 
new plan which is far too good a thing to abandon or even lay aside- for a short 

The two plans will remain separate ami distinct. 
ir choice ; of course you can't have both. 

Xow, friends, let us hear from you lively all along the Hi 



—The Hartford nmiy Timet compliments C, o, 

\\ inter np.ui s.mie excellent engrossing work exe 
cnied for the Aetna Life Insurance Company. The 
Jocrnai. has had occasion to express it* opinion 
of these examples of pen art. 

— We find in the Xneork Prest-Iteyisttr of June 
■J8, a lengthy account of the fourteenth Annual 
Commencement exercises of C, T. Miller's New 
■lei>ey Business College. A large cla>s of ladies 
and gentlemen received sheepskin?. 

—The Jouhnal hud the pleasure of a call recent- 
ly from H P. Hehrensmeyer, correspondent at 
Mnsstlnian's Gem City Business College, Qulncy, 

np.ying himself looking ; 

sights of the big 

-On June With the i:...ii. -ter Business Univer- 
sity rounded out the twenth fourth year of its ex- 
h-tence. We are gratified to know that this has 

hcen th« most prosperous year of all. It has made 

of the f. 

Institutions of commetcial training. We make 
no doubt that Messrs. Williams & Rogers, the en 
torprtsmg proprietors, will find next year even 
better than this. 

- With the compliments of Wi Ilium James Lans 
ley, the Journal received an invitation to be 
represented at the commencement exercises at 
Rutger's College, New Brunswick, N. J., whicl 
occurred on -lime 30th. Mr. Laueley was one Ol 
the graduates. He is a sou of Br. J B. Lansley 
the well known Inislncss college man of Eli/iihith 
N. J 

cises of the Nashville 
College for Young Ladles occurred early in June. 
Kev. George W. F. Price, D. D., the President, 
preached the baccalaureate sermon. Diplomas 
were irlv.-ti to on uniisualiv tarpe cluus. 

-In the Louisville, Ky , Commercial of June Dili, 
appeared an entertaining account of t h> twentj 
third annual excursion given hy the B. A S Col- 
lege of that city. Two large boats w. -re required 
to accomuiodate the three officers, eight teachers, 
three hundred pupils and several hundred alumni 
who availed themselves of the pleasurable oppor- 
tunities of the occasion. 

—The record of the commencement exercises ol 
Drake's Jersey city Business College, which took 
place on June 14th, made a column of interesting 
reading In tiie Jersey t'Uy Journal of the next day. 
An entertaining programme of music, recitations 
ami speech-making was enacted. 

Mr. Miner, who will be remembered as a mem- 
ber of the faculty of the College of Commerce, 
Philadelphia, some time since, and more recently 
as the conductor of t lie Commercial department 
of the Albion College, has become jointly interest- 
ed with Mr. Johnson In the Capital City Business 
College, Lansing, Mich. 

— J. C. Steiner's Vouugstown, Ohio, Business 
College, has grown so much of late Uiat better 
accommodations were necessary. A new college 
hull i.f ample dimensions has been secured. 

published at lies Molnts, Iowa, the portrait of n 
good looking young man labeled J B Inn yea He 
is well known as the penman of the Iowa Business 
College. The portrait was drawn by Prof, f A 

-J. A Willis, late of New York city but now a 
member of the faculty of the Little Rock, Ark., 
Commercial College, took unto himself a better 
half recently in Miss EffleA.Glass. They were 
married at Wapello, Iowa, the bride's home. 
The Joi'RNALiwlds its congratulations to those of 

-The portrait of Thomas May Pierce. Principal 
of Tierce's College of Business. Philadelphia, is 
f-eeuon the first page of the current number if the 
/•". Ait Herald, Cleveland, Ohio. This, by the way, 
is perhaps the best number Show alter has issued. 
It sports a bright new heading designed by C W 

—One of the most sucrosful and I. est pittro- 
nlssed institutions of commercial trainii g in this 
country is the Gem city Business College. Qutnoj, 
III. The man who furnishes the chief inspirn i..n, 
the i nergy and executive ability which lias made 
It tiie great school it Is is D. D. Musselman. The 
JocitNAi. has had occasion to express its opinion 

■a cher 

■tical bookkeeping stands shoulder to 
with the best. Uis Gem City Bvstiieu 
Joutnal is one of llio most Interesting and most 
carefully edited school publications that we have 
the pleasure of teeing, and we >ee them all, and 
read them, too, Tl at highly accomplished pen- 
man, Fielding Schofield, directs the department 
of penmanship in the Gem city College. 

W.O Mi lb ide, Kewauee, III, sends us proofs 
of various ornamental letter liea. lings designed by 
himself, which do ere. Ill to his originality of design 
and skill of execution. 

-We find In the Oakland, Cal. Im/uhtr of July -'. 
a very complimentary notice of the Oakland Busi 

-The daily Stab Journal, Lincoln, Neb., of July 

■J, chronicles tiie nuptials of Prof. A M. Ilurgis, 
principal of the Grand Island College, and Ml-8 
Mabel Evans of ihat city The ceremony was wit- 
nessi'd by a distinguished company. 

!,,„>./ l'<h„;ii'o<n. Nashviile, Tenn., Is responsible 
(or lhe stall nient that the records of Goodman's 
Business College of that city, on January I, 1MB. 
-h.iwcd that tli.-re were inj of its former students 
occupying business positions In Nashville alone. 

— N. C, Biewster, who is connected with the 
Kimlra. N. Y., Business College, sends us a variety 
of specimens of automatic pen work of a high 

who can turn out belter work than E. L.Wiley, 
supeilntendent of writing In the public schools in 
Puinsvllle, Ohio. His letters are gems. 

—We have from William A. Wright, Baltimore, 
Md„ a batch of elegant specimens of pen work, 
comprising letters, ornauieulal designs, et.v The 
work stamps him as a genuine artist. The Jouhnal 
hop.s to i in- ie of his -specimens In the next 

De Leon bus been making au extended 
investigation of the amount of iron in milk, 
and finds that cow's milk contains more of 
this constituent iban either human or asses, 
milk. In asses' milk lie found 0.0025 per 
cent, of iron, in human milk 0.0015 per 
cent, and in cow's milko (1040 percent. 

Now that evcrytblDg k being dune by 
electricity, it is not strange Ihat the fisher- 
man should utilize it A small buttery is 
attached lo the rod, and near the hook is 
B small electric light. The fisherman 
lights up hi* lamp, and the usual phenom- 
enon attracts the fish. The baited hook does 
the rest. 

—Does your pen scratch V Aims' Best 

"YOUW Of 80lh ult received wilh the 

Aims Compendium. Am more than pleased 
with the book. It is like The Journal— 
the best on penmanship I have ever seen. 
J. C. Ulanton. 
Hardeman, Ga . April ?. 

She Studied Volapok, 

charming young student Ol G 

nee Mini !,. ne.plirC Vobipilk ; 

Clark "Well, I will deebu have pi. k.-k up bile y" M 

onjt II 


W J 

liL-hsh ami I 

M-l-llM. \.M 





on us teache 






w v 

r <"" 

$100 a month, by the 

, London. Pen- 

heal Pennianshli. and Book- 
-ir|,.n Salnrv not les- than 

i tlnu oil- Wislei n ..Itv 

, lu-st-ehiss Business College in 


The Best Fountain Pen.' 


Business College 


This U the great actual Business ege 

Wesi, while. .ur Normal I'cnman.-hip Depar 
In unapproHohed by any other Instlti 
in the land. All our graduates have K 
good paying positions, ranging in price fro 
to $10b per month, and upplicjtlon* are eons 
coming in from Business Colleges for onrgrai 
as teachers 

Prof Musselman holds thirteen silver i 
and thirty-live diplomas including the gret 

,-iin,„li>! F . /..:>fioii . and tile Worlt. 

iwUton. New Orleans ; While Prof. Souofiel 
received first premiums from the Eastern I 
where lie taught eighteen years btf.uec..u 
Illustrated catalogue and specimens of pe 


Add w 




Ol IX(V, II. I- 





Just For Fun. 

Ifsileuce is golden, we know wli 
Mint is in Philadelphia.— Puck.. 

It is reported that Omm Wilde has grown 
thin. There are some things that the less 
you have of them the better.— Boston Trun- 
in lower New York you musl pal beef 
hash to beefhasbionable.— Trxas s,jh>«i* 

"Is your father a Christian?" asked the 
Dew minister, "No," replied the boy. '"be 
sings in the choir." 

The average club man cares very little 

ftbuul music. If be can only strike tli^ 

key of I he door with reasonable accuracy be 

is content.— Jiurli n g (on Free Pins 

Tin- beart and the soul are used inter- 

i lt;ui-_'c:itity a- tile -e f till' 11 llY.'t i< His , lull 

a Cblcago Lirl tie ects fl wide di-tiuelion be- 
tween telling Uer tbatsbe is large-bcat'ted 
,,, i,:. ioled PAOadstphia Catt ' 

Air- Prudli \ 1 bear .Mr Agile te bis 

limb recently Pray, how did be doit?— 
Mr. Quizley' He fell from the-tbe— the— 
leg of an apple tree.— 'I<»r n Topic* 

The Stewart will case in Hew York ha.s 
brought up the question of the value of the 


It V 

. A. T. 


: bcli 

In ancient times M.-sing ;i pretty girl w 
a cure for headache. It is difficult l 
prove npou some of those old-fasbioned 

""Thi" thicy is getting contagious! ' =aid a 
boy who had been told several times to go 
to bed. "What do you menu'/ 1 ' asked bis 
father "I mean Miat I shall catch ft if ] 
don't move on." 

When a washerwoman changes her place 
of residence one may ask her "'where she 
hangs out now" without using slang. — Ex. 

Father: "What do you think of a boy 
thai throws a bauana skin on the side- 
walk?" Son: "I don't know." What do 
you think of a banana skin that throws a 
roan on the sidewalk?" 

A Cincinnati deacon is under arrest for 
stealing $3.4.") from the contribution box. It 
is unnecessary instate, perhaps, that his pec- 
ulations dated over a series of years. — Btng- 
hampton Republican, 

"John." said the farmer's wife, 'afore 
we start for home, I think I'd ought to 
have thattoo'li pulled out. It's ached the 
whole day." 

"I know, Mariar," replied John dubious- 
ly, "hut by the time we get (hat jug tilled 
an' the plug tcrbacker we baint got much 
money to spend on luxuries." — Ex. 

Miuister— " So you go to school do you 

Bobby— " Yes, Sir." 

Minister— " Let me hear you spell kit- 
Bobby — " I'm getting too big a boy to 
spell kitten. Try meoncat — N. Y. Sun. 

" Ma, de tiziology say yere dat do hu- 
man body am imposed of free fourth wa 
tab." " Waal, yo' bettab mosey off to 
school, an' git oulcn dut hot sun. ur fus 
t'ing yo' know yo' be' vaporatin'." 

Mrs. Havseed (perplexed)— What's the 
ineanin'of MI '('('( i.\X\\ I Hun tlmt new 
school bui'ding, .John? 

Mr. Hayseed— Durned if I know. I sup- 
pose it's some of this newfangled language 
called Volapuk. I hear they're teaching it 
in the schools— Epoch. 

After the amateur fisherman in- ceased 
lelling his story one has ^rave doubts that 
there are still us good fish iu the sea 
were caught — Boston Courier, 

When a man anil a woman go into 
rimonial partnership, true, the man': 
i- :il ■ used, lint this would no! Uf-tifv 

in belie ■ 

— A little boy had done something very 
nan-lily and hi- Diotber told him to go and 
tell God- Hewenl up to his room, but sooi 
returned. His ninther su>pi<lr,l si.nirlliim 
from bis manner, and asked him if he bad 
done as she said. 

"No, mamma," faltered Jack. " I got 
up stairs to tell hint, but then I thought I 

—A good many penmen are availing 
themselves of our offer of the New Spen- 
cerian Compendium bound complete, (price 
17.60), and the Ames' Compendium, (price 
$5.00) for $10. The combination gives a 
saving of $2,50, and the two works are B 

complete penman's library in themselves. 


Portlarid, Ualm 

make From tiiree p 

siir|>:t->.'il f,,r s>tYl<ij'r:ij>li <■ .u .: : 

iiuiii^- loki and ink- For blank b i 

'1 y. WALPO" 

description uf Dyes aod Chemicals, W Olivers 
Boston, Ma--. 

Adapted to the wants of prac- 
tical and amateur gardeners and 
fruit growers. The American 
i .Mil . has stood the test of 
time and receives endorsement 
of all this class in every sec- 
tion and many lands. Though 
costing as much and mere to 
produce than many $2 and 13 
publications] the subscription 
price of this handsome and prac- 
illustrated magazine of hor- 
ticulture is OM v Si a YEAR. In 
club with Penman's JournaHox 
si 85, 

E. H. LIBBY. Publisher, 
yd Broadway, v * - 



449 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y., 

Business Education 


By means of direct Personal Correspondence. 

The First School of its kind In America. 

The Courseof Study and Practice includes 







State-, and to K. U. Brown no.) A I. ■ ..111.---1 
Pact Department Commanders of Ohio. O. A If. 


and 1 Tin I it 1 if the .lor us \i should sec I lies.: lienii 
inul works of art. 

A Cublriel I'liolo of each, lu-cmnpanieel IiV a 
loiter, fresh from the pen of Pr«.f I'AHsoSs, 
will be mailed to artv mhlrc-s on receipt of e u 


Special penmanship department, thorough 

"ITS'-, g I teachers, good every thing I'in'iiliirs 

ient free. Address 


Buffalo, N. Y. 

Iowa Commercial College. 

Type Writers bought, sold and 1 
1 <:i si ma hit terms. Address 



Charles Rollinsox, 

for the pust 13 years Willi I) T Ames, 




Makes a Shaded Mark of Two Colors at a Single 
Mn-ke Sample -,.t .,[ three *]/.<>< ). v mail % I 00 
Circular and cample writing, FREE. 
8-12 J- w. STOAKES, Milan, o. 


Willi ;,,-.!, !■,.,• l)..,»n V- 

A s.r»|. II. ...k s,wclui€... «[ r j,f,. 

"Tourwrltlnff la perfeotly beautiful ntr u 
coraoy 1 doubt if it cm be ezouUed // it 

W. Q. CHRISTIE, Penman, 

1- Powrbkeefisli.. N V 

Lmding penmen are warm in il ,„ ,,-. - 
of Ames' Besl Pen. nave vou tried it I 
Thirly-Iive cents a box 


I'r.nii.'-i! Penmanship, ft portfolio 
hit luil imr 

ordinary writing. 

M.unlanl lT.ui i-"ii I'.'tufiiiii-titji a [i..rl full.- 
;u ing .1 complete Jllo-;tr-> ■ ■( [t;m.-i iciil writ Jul' 
ding tin new MftLMe Alphabet, capahle ..1 

B leeibly five time; 

r York office only. Address 

for $1.00, from the 

Penman's Badge. 


■ ' r enlai.. 

; l.V in. H, 

"f my specialties not advertised 

gra pha for eulargi 
, Lesions by mall 
giving full Informa 


riting ii. wiili instructions : nr *end me a 2 cent 
amp, and I will semi you addressed in mv own 
iml. |ir ee list ilesi riptive 1 .1" lessons hy Moi I. Es 
tul.'il M.-veni.-iit-, Tracing Kxerei-es, 1 , apLial- 

■■i • ' Nourishing JOo,, or 

J. F. FISH, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Written Cards! 






s now one of the departments of l,os Angele 
Justness College and English Training School. 
My school hy mull I- now a pronounced sureess 

^UpV co, Elm "jl ' 

OUR" >EriflQy -fmt IlLVflRATEjK^Si&VEJ 

By Dvr,New ffersTM Prg(E55 «, 

5e,J Grcw^'W t^e^VW"- 


** Worth .Mi others together."— Review. 

PP.ACT1CAI. H11OK KEKI-INO, 13mo..,. $0 « 

De-uriptive circulars free. 


nUllIt '' s "'" 1 ' "" ll "' ■ INTERI.IM \1. 

( I- Ass! 1 s ' sample outre mul Cut a 

'■'goe -I Si 1 1 !..„,k>. tier c HrSn.vER ,V Son- 

No il' I 1 MOB Walnut St . PHILADELPHIA. PA 

I i ' Biperl a' Plgure- -10.000 Sold 

', -;'.' * P*<MPHW Siarl'uO t„ SI |..u.- M,. 

( r -j/rm^J 


Bxprauh/ adapted for professional use and orna- 
mental penmanship. 



All of Standard and Superior Quality. 







LAP! LI NUM (Stone-Cloth). 

tolls lightly, like u map, "iihoiil injun I mutini- 
ed marking surface. superior crasihlc qualities. 


6 In. wide. 1 mat king surface, per linear yd, gi SO 
■ut up in mils of la yds. ea. Sold In any quantity. 

Black Diamond Slating. 

Put up In tin cutis of v 


i; Quarts, §■>; Half-G.dLmi, $3.5 

" ;4in.) WcenU 

square feet v.. 

usually applied. 

Used and gi res Perfect Satisfaction in 

rdlnnihia Cnl lege i School of Mines), New "i ,. r k fit \ 

i iiliimliialintmriiHr hclioid, 

r.-lh-L-oof Phv-ieiansamlSurgeuus, 

Utnver-ilv nf the litv of New Vurk, " " 

I'liileLie nf the ciiv of New York, 

full. n.- nf I'harmaev. 

lolleg" of st r'rancls Xavler, " " 

bafHyette Oullege Easton, pn 

t Mi"i-si,, r ,i 

1 Sfl,,,, 

I | 

L I. Hospital Medieiil Clh g. 
New Ynrk Stock Exchange N 
change, New York Produce I 

change, a hit Grain ami Pnilncc Kxiliange 

In tht Public School* of 

W.i-liiiigton, I' i'. lexi-lu^ivily). I'aterson, N J. 
New York City. Mushing. N. Y 

mm KiamlsQo. Cal. Mt. Vernon, N. 

Newark. N. J I'mighkeei^ie ■ 

Montclalr, N. .1. Waverly, N Y 

Bloomfield, N. J Hartford. Conn 

City, N.J NautTiUiiek, I 

. .. igaluck, Conn 
i'.i il-i n Point. N ,1. EastJinini.t. i,..m., - 

' .iitliiTangc, N J. Km.xvill.' t.mim 

Iboken, N. J RalelRh. N. c. 



No 1 size,-' *:i feet $| SS 

no : j '" ' i' ' ' ' V' 


Plain. Without Shelf, 
to ; Ruled [oi inuBlc 24s Id [no] i 5 Hi 

jTtit '.- unitenaUy admitted >■■ '« >>,, best 
latertal for blackboard in use 




Begin now and be ready to teaeh or to got a good 


that It you have a good handwriting you will have 
no trouble In gettlnu a position. Then why not 
learn to write. You can do it at odd hours and It 
will cost you but $3.00. 

A ill I 

'resh from the pen with each lesion. 


low, to-day. for the longer you put It off 
ungt r you put off your success. 


ehaoics, farmers, merchants, etc., find this the 
cheapest, the surest, and the best way to get an 
easy rapid style of writing. The proof of the pud 
ding is in the eating. Here is another man who 
has tested this course of lessons and below Is what 
he thinks of It. 

Mr. B. W. Pulling, Wausau, Wis., now writes a 
hand that Is excelled by few professionals. Here 
is the way he wrote before he began this course of 


Friend Dakiu, I send you with this my phot" and 
my signature written before and after taking yur 
course of lessons. 

I am very grateful to you for your kind attention 
and will always deem It a pleasure to recon-mend 
your course of lesson* to all who wish to learn to 
write an elegant band. Wishing your success. I 
remain, Yours truly, II. W. Pulling, Wausau, Wis. 
To those who think of Uklng the course Twill send 
samples of my penmanship for cents. Circulars 
free. Address, 


Syracuse, N Y. 


Send 65 cent* for ■%> of the most fashionable call- 
eg cards, written on the finest linen Bristol. They 
will please you. 


Don't fail to send 40 cents for 13 signature card* 
all different. A beautifully written letter 25 cents. 
Three set* of capitals all different 40 cents. Box 

i careful writers, use Nos. 1, 14 and 34. For correspoa dents and 

2 and 3. For rapid writliitf, use Nos, 20 and 28. 


Commercial Law 


4^^/ [Ji^U^ : \^ 


Ij..' i:..]il.-s ;.iv. ..-k-m.i.tly . ncntv.l .>n .-,.i, |,rr, |ninl.-il fri.m -t.un,. ..11 thu tin 

3 re-bush. Tliure are two parts; 


sliin _ Tlust- si i J is itn.' n.. t lion ml li.^.lli.-r ami on 

|ilaii' yapi-i- All cojiit.--, 
Part one oontalns 

tin' others ulfim. Every 


')>■ nii'M r'.niii|il..'tf unit i lini'liiTisive " I n-t liu/tii ui liin.k 


simply mention and skim .m-i-tii,' .lifficuit t. hi riff* InwriAnir buYexj.hii 
nerttorloiu. The 

continues tlie standard. It is plain, practical and juat the book for oil 
leges and Coinmrn-ial !>i.*i>arttni.*iit.s A new t'llition is now ready for del 

Sample Copies will be ient t" teachers on receipt of wholesale price, 

Address orders anil correspondence, 

"111. I lk|\i- ;l \\ hit' vil'i'lll 

K-ntnl w..i-k. Your " 

''•■i in I. inn ami s., L-ra.'l.-.l ;,. r 1 , u 'i1 'i 
■ -,1./ horrify 
■I scli'inl. A litirral ili-.' 

arranged, has not a better on 

;■ "ion>'V tliati ;tuy similar work [>..,„..-. 

l-rovi.lini; it !„■ ivinriie.l In - I o.-mlition It -.■n.'r.illy .'.niccdeil ,.. 

tin- kirnl nver [inlili-bril. 

I'ompletc work maili-ii m a neat anil substantial case to any address in the world for 

II other "Compendia 

is not better arrant:...,, „ 
e for the money than i 

r publish,,!. 

tlit^ business world deniands 

-" It prlves 

—_. .„.iriovis Til 

In short, the work I 

n A reduction to schools. 

of the " l.cjsinis." ami coinpaic 

win k. priiiiin- [iap.T, etc , and 

— '" refuna the money and pay 




i rii,, 


H. W. Kibbe. 
My Dhah Sir- Your favor of ( 

duly rec'd.and I 

St Luois, Mo 
tended to reply in a short time, 

obliged to postpone every- 

»,,ii'r,r^Vk'v:;,;i';;;:;";:^:,;:;, , 'VV';:, l , , it,;;,'.:. ,, s;: M;; "'""•■"" ul ■ i -««-*- 

Ymidowell to discard tlie oblique b.>lder h is the rt1 f u , • 

used by many first Has- tracliei >, wh. . dn n..t like tmjive it 

J,' 1 ;;'-' 1 vlW il,,y *™e*tu\ writing that was done will, the .d.liqi,, holder, and I will not have it in my 

scnoot. y ery Tru i yi '"> 

nation with Mr. rarpi-iida-. ami r lie n-nll . Mr < \ 1 i|„.„r,.r is i.|, ■■,.,., I >, ,, i. t,;. , ' , , '' s, "-"/i ' ]| - 

^""■".rm.l Mi IM- .d.i- ,.;.-:,.. d w ,tl,hl M .o.nh.„ whiel. w ■■ k now I, I,, ,, ' ' V"' *}*■"'* l '' tU ' 1 

W..- Ii.m..-Ii ■■:ir sr i,d. in- lianl .Miumoii s,.,,.,- j tl TuTiriiaii-liin " r t i 'i ' ' ■ *-'**..'i ironi turn 

account, or lor tilling ;iar,,it ,1-ly a „od position,, under sensible men - to teach on their own 

vain.- tnev.rv l.ran. I,..t no w„ik " .saj*. una me Histiuctlon received from you of great 

liens Pali, H. Tjjjp^Ijj, jg*. . S „ 0C6SS ot my teaohl „ e „„,.„,. 

\\|.,i.,l,.||„ I,.|..».,iit-ni Hi,. I. (..»,... I. If. ,,l K,l,r,,:i,v ... is., ,.,.| ; ,||,,. .,,, ,„„ „, , 

™ Penmnnsliiii m il,i. i„sti,„ii,,„ ,. ,"„„,„ ,,, 

t and a teacher, 

!<, II., will!,- n.,t l. ■..- f r, -tli Mi.- i. Iiiii. |.,,|h Mor:n"<] 

if. Arm. 1 1 .jtiu la ii uraduat,. 

.be'VoiiowuiVu,u,e. 1 ,7;,;;:,.";:,;r i " i,dMji -' 

.Iieani..d.-oii the Utile l;,,ck r.dnu 
J. Willis, recently from 1'tlca. N V 

Our students are In demand, and you will make uo mistake hi coming \ 

'p°j tpp°oX°^^xizr^zit" te. 1 *™ " m "' d taken '""'""'""■ "*"» ' •» 
i,ir::;,;;:,;^:rVM:;;;;r:;,:!,:!:;'!:;? v s^?!^ MdotUer " haTe Bo< " i p 081 "™' •» B^D^coue,™ 

er. Llttctiln, III,; / " 
B. -tonea, Rucli 

3sro"^Ar :r,:ejl:dy. 

The Hand Book of Volapuk. 


Mamberof tbe Aratlemy of VoInpllk-PresideDt of (he Institute of Accounts. 

One vol., limo, 128 pp. Heav,, paper, bound. Price, postage paid, $1. 


Tbis work, ill tbc preparation of wbicb neither labor nor expense has been spared 

the VolapSk movement" ""'" inin S "* P^OSM, Origin and IIi s ,„ry of v„,, 1|)Uk nnd of 

2. A grammatical exposition of the structure of tbe language 

3. the order or arrangement of words. 

h„ ..„;. The derivation of words, the selection of radicals and the formation of new m„r,u 
by coiupiisitiuu, l, v pretl\es and by sufflxes .oimation ot new words 

5. •■ Spodaii, .- Cmmercial 'Correspondence. 

8. "Liladimi . Hi-adin,. Lessons 

?n „I?-7i'"", : ,' rv ' V,,hl l'" k Knslish', and English- Volapuk. 
men M, V , .'.'.'ilk ,";.'" :, ,' ,l ' r " : '" '"' S, ''""-" ,r ' w,,h *"™<* "■»'" "l» writing,- a state- 


The only American periodical devoted in whole or in nart to th„ „»„. i„, .■ , 
language is The Office. p new " ,Ur " u,l "n»l 

In it the department entitled " Volaannri a1 " ^« n , ;„o 

Srt,,:;. '"■' "l 'V " r* :l '" J= < r= *™£ 

aunscnplion K, I a year. Specimen copies 1(> cents each 

For circulars of the Hand Book of Volapuk, and for other information, address 

The Office Company, Publishers, 

37 College Place, New York. 


..„.., ,!i sT3 ai'i'd 1 !™,' At " mt * w °°i' d ? " u, "" i,, "j 1 ' 1 ,", ",";;' " '"' '■ " ' |,L|! " V ,:i "■" ''"■"■ s . tyl °- ,,; 

The Spencerian Copybooks, 

Including the various series of that well-known system, still 
maintain their well-earned and generally recognized position as 


The symmetry, accuracy and beauty of their copies have been 
imitated but never equaled. Perhaps the highest praise which 
can be ascribed to any other series is that it resembles the 

The arrangement is logical, progressive, and in accordance 
with the highest educational standards. 

The quality of paper used in their manufacture is peculiar to 
the SPENCERIAN, and the printing (by lithography) is of an 
excellence only attainable by years of careful experience and the 
use 'it patented machinery controlled exclusively by the publishers 
of this series. 


By P. R. Spencer's Sons, constitute a new departure in penman- 
ship intended to promote a simpler and more rapid style of hand- 
writing. They are not designed to displace or supersede the 
Spencerian, but for use in schools or among private learners when 
an abbreviated "running hand" is desired. 

f Spencerian Large, 96 cents 

Prices : j Spencerian Small, ----- 92 cents. 

[Spencerian New, 96 cents. 

Correspondence solicited 


753 & 755 Broadway, New York., 
i-i* 149 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 


«»-Sample copies 01 

paid, to teachers or schoc 

ZJ!- "<■">!>•':. lZ'"l>er '"ill, „ top,, of" Complete Vooh-kee^ng," on 
receipt of otUy $ 2.50. 


■■THKF.r. WEEKS IS BUSINESS PRACTICE." The moll pracical, wetabta ■....!.,•■ 


Mikily il«— t -"..'.liiss i-tiwi-iivim; i> "in 1 

|MV.'!.',ij;t' II III'.- |-|i.M["'-<l III til" I'Hlf 

eparinn ft »'ony fur eiiirruvin 

\ writ in- lliml ■ hlauk lii'liu 

Few penman know 

for calling >«.. 

Snil fiipy anil 

.,,11 I'.. i- .'ullinc Vkiur attention 
-„ Send 

lUi-tkini; iMi'li li lit llin' 

1.. nh'ulii t'.nul \Mirk 

Tills Is our 


Eight Reasons Why This Truly National System Is The Best. 

1st.— The pupil does not have to write through from ten to twenty books in order to learn the 

2d.— The letters are entirely free from useless lines like double loops, ovale, etc. The first complete 

system to present abbreviated forms of capitals. 
3d— The lateral spacing is uniform, each word filling a given space and no crowding or stretching 

to secure such results. 
4th.— Beautifully printed by Lithography! No Cheap Relief Plate Printing ! 
5th.— Words used are all familiar to the pupil. Contrast them with such words as "zeugma, nrouesne, 

xylua. tenifly, mimetic, and xuthus." . - ■ ■ 

6th.— Each book contains four pages of practice paper— one sixth more paper than in the books of 

any other series— and the paper is the best ever used for copy-books. 
7th — Business forms are elaborately engraved on steel and printed ou tinted paper, rendering them 

very attractive to the pupil. 
8th. Very low rates for introduction. They are the cheapest books in America. 

r / 

/ y' 


PENS. / . ^ 

Afciolotely nanifiuel for ElMtlelt;. Em 

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for unique card Of 




An Elegant Specimen Book containing all the Copies of the Series sent CHAT1S to any Teacher. 

tz S 



A. S. BARNES & CO., Publishers. 

_ • 

Published Monthly 
ladway, N. Y , for $1 per Year 


Post Office of New \< 
Kond-Class Mai! Matter 


V«,l. XII.— No. 

Practical Writing. 

that only that practice in which every 
motion of the pen is sharply and critically 
controlled by the mind for the accomplish- 
ment of a distinct purpose tends to ad- 
the learner. Bel 


I,. I , 

purpose, in which writing can he 
emp] yed. It is for the purpose of attain- 
ing this power, together with facility of 
motion, that we present our numerous 
movement exercises (or practice. The 
following exercises should be practiced at 

least ten or fifteen times: 

Correal Position, 

eloees n specimen ol In- i fforts al imitation 
'i .mi copj lor tlic lust lesson, " 1 never 

nould write, i„.r .1,, I believe [ evei 

learn," lie might with equal truthfulness 
bave snnl, •• I never could he patient and 

persevering in anything I undertook." In 
ithel words, he might bave said, "I can't 
.ink patiently to a task until it is accom- 
plished ' The same difficulty thi ■ bas 

Btpericnced in learning to write, be bas, 
undoubtedly, experienced in almost everj 
ithcr undertaking of his lite. We repeat 
vhni we bave previously said that we be- 

111 reon with m i I,.,,,,, .„,, 

tommon *eusc can learn tu write with fair 
acility a good legible handwriting ; and 
vheni ver we hear one saytheynever could 
earn ti> write we can hut feel thai they 
lave really never in a true ami proper 
ease tried. Below is the copy from 
rhlch our correspondent practiced fol- 
Dwed I -\ a fac-nmih of his exercise: 


df^f^J'J / 

i will l„. -,.,.,, at a glance thai it is „„ 
•Bent, ineffective effort, Thai is t,, 

'" Hi'" "i Hi,' in-t , ii,,, i, are 

nghtful and careful, and what follows 
imply thoughtless scribbling, [I - ,, 
— tor training his miial oj band to 
d writing as would be an imitation ol 
Indian war-whoop, or wild yell of the 

' ' 'I'm -' dis. Ip • i,, 

vim i for nuisn; nr oratory. 

'"' " '' ' " ' i" thai I"- practice bas had 

"" discipline,>,, |, |,„ had 

tendency t., produce ami repeal with 

1 forms t.n writing. Righl 

'i feel it proper i,, repeal 

this that the pupil has exercised his brains 
as well as lingers, and that every effort has 
been a real discipline to hutlt mind and 

We have known many writers n bo would 

make single letters elegantly, at random, 
upon a sheet of paper, hut if a limited 
■pact .mi, prescribed, as by a ruled square, 
and the writer asked to make a single 
letter si. that it wi.uld stand symmetrically 
within it he would utterly fail. This we 
have orten Hied a. a test ,,1 ,1,-, ,|,|„„ 
with pupils. It is a good one for pupils 
in try in test themselves. When we see a 
~ ll,rl ol paper covered with largi pi ., « i, 
capitals, and other writing proportionatelj 
small, we at once know that here is a 
writer who lacks proper discipline of 
motion, one who if called upon to place a 
letter in a prescribed space would fail, 

while mi the other hand it we - . , , 

orderly and Symmetrical, .very capital 
and small letter occupying its proper and 
appropriate space, we at once know that 
l ""' '- ;l mind and hand well ousoipl I, 

This latter style every Write] -honl.l 

■eek to attain. It will give satisfaction 

1 I"' following are optional forms for the 

1/ and V 

The latter forms are |irol.ah]y the most 

rrequentlj employed in business writing. 
"" di iirable from the facl that they 

are made continuously with. rX raising the 

pen Tin other forms of the \ ami .1/ are 
objectionable forms because the \ 

very can-fully made is liable to he mistaken 
for a capital U or a II', and the .1/ for 
a W. We have also often beard t] t ob- 
jected to a- being doubtful in their ehiir- 

aetet— that t-, whether mtended for cap- 
ital "i -mall letter. Such a criticism we 

"i" 1 i tounced by a principal of one of 

our prominent grammar sohook, on tin 
ground thai pupils in wriiii mpo 

sit ions, and other papers which wis. I,, l„ 
criticised [or the use of capitals would 

invariabl] .or i, enlarged for f the 

small letter for .1, .V or M, and when criti- 
cised for tin. wrong use ,| capitals would 
claim that they intended it for a capita] 
or small I. II, ,. the case might he. The 

teacher was decidedly in favor of using 

only the standard forms for those letters. 

We repeatourformer request, that those 
who are practicing from these lessons 

favor us with specimens of their practice 
for criticism and suggestions through the 
columns of Tut, Journal. 

Representative Penmen of 

CHABLES CARltOLI, Itttllss. 

The portrait shown here is that ,,| one 

of the best known men in the penmanship 

and business college profession, lie is 
Uharles Carroll Curtiss, late chn i i 

the Executive Committee,,!' the liusinoss 

Educators' Association, and the recently 
elected president Western Penmen's 


tin the theory that a man is no older 
than he feels, we should judge Mr Ciuii-s 
to he if r ::.-, years ,,| age, though there 

is a soil of tradition that puts him op in 
the first row of the fifties. 

lie was hori, ,,, ti„. village ,,f Clinton, 
N. V. When a young man he taught in 
New York city, subsequently becoming 
'he principal ol the I' School al Tat 

rytown. lie also taught two yen ! al Sm L . 

sin 8, B - 'I i' I" Pougbkeepsie to 

-I the I: A a College. A 
year later found him teaching in Brooklyn 
In loli7 Mr. Cnrtiss, whose star was on 
the rise, turned Ins face toward the North- 
west and heci superintend.. I II,,. 

public schools of Rochester, .Minn He 

has been in thai Stale ever since, and is al 
this titn,. the proprietor.,! two nol in 

tttrrtions of cormneil ial Si lining -Corliss's 
Business College of Minneapolis and St. 
Paul, with an annual attendance of over 

600. It was in his college rooms at Mill- 

neapolis, as partially illustrated i that 

page, thai the II E. A held Una ,,- 


Mr. Cnrtiss is llm author of a System of 

penmanship, which he has embodied in a 

series of graded hooks, the latter hcing 

extensively in use in his section l in . 
i'"' bighli praised i.y expi n- Pereonallj 

Mr. Curtis- is one ..I .1,, mosl ;, ,,, ,1 ,,'t 

Western Penman's Association. 

''n liaosl in, i ,i i,,. i ',,, tll , ,| 

Dixon. flL, Saturday, -i ■ lets 

Wediwday, Duet into , 86. 

- I'. M. - I Irgani/.ilii.i 

8p.m.— Report of the Secretar} ami 

EVENING.— -A. 1,1,, ol W.I,,. 

supplied). Response, President C C 

Corliss. .Minneapolis. Minn hnl, rlain- 

Thureday, I',,, ,„/., , .-; 
S 30 1" li 30 I a II, ,w to Teach Adult 

( l:l i iii I'i I.. bip \ I P 

Will..,, Junction Ion 

9.30 tO 10 A. « General Discussion. 

10 to 10.80 a. it.— Professiona] Advertis- 
ing [to be supplied). 

11 \. u. to 12 k. — "How to Elevate the 
Profession," P. .1. Toland, Canton, III. 

1.80 to 2.80 p. h. — " Application of Move- 
ment Exercises," '- W". Pierson, Bur- 
Lington] [owa, 

3 to i v «.—" Speed in Figures," C. H. 
Pierce, Keokuk, Iowa. 

I 30 to 5.80 P. m — " Muscular Movement 
Writing," A v Palmer, Cedar Rapids, 

7.80 P, m " Rapid Writing," W. C. Har- 
vey, Clinton, [owa. 

8.30 p, «.—" Traveling Penmen," P. A. 
Westrope, Grant, Iowa. 

9. p. Dr.— Experience Meeting— old mem- 

Vriday, December SS6. 

8.30 to 0.30 a. m. — "How to Teach a 
Class of Beginners under 13 Years of 
Age," C. I' Blinker, Nevada, Iowa. 

10 to U a. m. — " Business Writing to 
Advanced Pupils," .1. B. Duryea, Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

11.30 a. m. to 12 m.— "Wood, Photo, 
Copper, and Steel Engraving," R. B. 
Bonsail, Chicago, 111. 

1.30 to 2.30 P. m.— "Penmanship Litera- 
ture," W. D. Showalter, Cleveland, O. 

Sto 4 p h, — " Abbreviated Writing," C. 
N. Orandle, Dixon, ill. 

1 .30 to 5 30 P. m — '• Business Correspond- 

ence," B. W. Fischer, Davenport, Iowa. 
7,80 p, m. — " Flovirishing," C. P. Zaner, 

Columbus. O. 
8.30 p. sr.— "How to Prepare Pen-work 

for Photo-Engraving," W. T. Parks, 

Stanbury, Mo, 

Saturday, December 39. 
Morning.— A visit to the Government 

1.30 to 2.30 p. m.— "How to Conduct a 

Large Class of Adults," W. >. Kinsley, 

Shenandoah, Iowa. 

3 to 4 p. M.—" General Education for 
Penmen," G. W. Browne, Jacksonville, 

4.30 to 5.30 p. a. — " Automatic Pen- 
manship," C. E, Jones. Tabor, Iowa. 

7. 30 p. m. — Experience Meeting — new 

B.30 p. «.— Blackboard Contest, opened 
b\ C. V Crandle. 

Sunday, December 30. 

9.80 \. m -Penmen meet at Convention 

Rooms and attend church in a body. 

\f<mday, December 31. 

B.80 i" 9.80 a. u. — " Penmanship as a 

Profession for Ladies," E. E. Stephens, 

Wauseon, Ohio. 
lOto n a. u. — "Pen I. i-tti -ring." W. F. 

Giesscman, Des Moines, Iowa. 
n \m to 12 u. --'• Disguised Writing," 

C. S. Chapman, Des Moines, Iowa. 
1.30 to 2.30 p. m. — "Writing in Public 

Schools," C. .1- Conner, Storm Lake, 

.';:< : 80 r u, " Engrossing," C. C. 

Rearick, Dixon, III. 

4 to 5 r. m.— "How I Teach Writing with 
the Aid ol Music," D. W. Hoff, Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

7.30 p. m.— Debate: "Whole arm vs. 
Muscular Movement," affirmative, F. J. 
Toland, Canton, Hi., and G. R. Rath- 
bun, Omaha, Neb; negative, O. 11. 
Pierce, Keokuk, [owa, and A. N. 
Palmer, Cedai Rapids, Iowa, (Speakers 
limited to 10 minute- each.] 

Tuesday January I, 1889. 

B 30 i" 9 80 a. m, — " Word and Sentence 
Writing," G. E. Nettleton, Aurora, III. 

10 to 11 A. U. — "Miscellaneous," E. II. 
Robins, Jacksonville, III. 

II A. M. to IS M.— Question Box. 

l BO P. m -Election of Officers and Gen- 
eral Business. Adjournment. 

" The Gods give uu great good without la- 
bor " is an old proverb, and a true one; the 
hardest labor i- not always that which is best 
i . i t tu'MP in search of light, 

,.i | fiii|ilovment, we say 

.mil i.. li I . i. ,1m,-. i, A i'., . Va. 

Wetting Lead Pencils. 

The act of wetting tin- sharp end of a 
lead pencil with the tongue. Bays ;i well- 
informed exchange, is one of the oddities 
for which it is hard to give any reason, 
unless it began in the days when pencils 
were poorer than now, and was continued 
by example to the next generation, 

A lead pencil should never be wet, It 
hardens the lead and ruins the pencil. 
This feci is known to newspaper men and 
stenographers, Hut nearly every one else 
does wet a pencil before using it. The 
fact was definitely settled by ;i new spaper 
clerk away down East. 

Being of a mathematical turn of mind, 
he ascertained by actual count that of 50 
persons who came into his office to write 
an advertisement <t a church notice, 40 
wet a pencil in their months before using 
it. Now this clerk always use- the besl 
pencils, cherishing a good one with some- 
thing of the pride a soldier feels in his 
gun or -word, and it hurts Ids feelings to 
have his pencils spoiled. Hut politeness 
and business considerations require him to 
lend his pencil scores of times :i da\ \ml 
often, after it had been wet till it was 
hard and brittle and refused to mark, bis 
feelings would overpower him. Finally 
he got some cheap pencils and sharpened 
them and kept them to lend. The first 
person who took up the new pencil was ;i 
drayman, wdiose breath smelt of onions 
and whisky, He held the point in his 
mouth and soaked it several minutes, while 
he was torturing himself in the effort to 
write an advertisement for a missing bull- 
dog. Then a sweet-looking young lady 
came into the office, with kid gloves that 
buttoned half the length of her arm. She 
picked up the same old pencil and pressed 

it to her dainty lips preparatory to writing 
an advertisement for a lost bracelet. The 
clerk could have stayed her hand, even at 
the risk of a box of the best Faber pen- 
cils, but he was too late. And thus that 
pencil passed from mouth to mouth for a 
week. It was sucked by people of all 
ranks and stations, and all degrees of 
cleanliness and uncleanliness. But 'twere 
well to forbear. Surely no one who reads 
this will ever again wet a lead pencil. 


Bill Nyc'N Postal 

■ denies that llie postal raid i 

great thing, and yet it makes most people 
mad to get one. This is because we 
naturally feel sensitive about having 

correspondence open to the eye of the 
postmaster and postal clerk. Yet they do 
not read them. Postal employees hate a 
postal card as cordially as any one else. 
If they were banished, and had nothing to 
read but a pack of postal cards or a foreign 
book of statistics, they would read the 
statistics. This wild hunger for postal 
cards on the part of postmasters is all a 
myth. When the writer don't care who 
sees his message, that knocks the curiosity 

out of those who handle those messages, 
A man who would read a postal curd with- 
out being compelled to by BOme stringent 
statute must be a little deranged. When 
yOU receive one you say, ■■Here's a mes- 
sage of so little importance that the Writer 
don't eare who -aw St. 1 don't CftM nun h 
for it myself.'' 

Then you look it over and lay it away 
and Forgef it. Do you think that the 
postmaster is going to wear out, his young 
life in devouring literature thai the sendee 
don't feel proud of when he receives it I 



< i.m. .1. ii i i-i i. - or in- American 

New York is the most cosmopolitan. 
Philadelphia the most provincial, of our 
cities; Boston the most cultivated, Wash- 
ington the most American. Society in 
New York is based upon wealth, in Phila- 
delphia upon family, in Boston upon in- 

tellect, in Washington upon official posi- 
tion. There i- most extravagance in New 
York, must comfort in Philadelphia, most 

philanthropy in Boston, most etiquette in 

K d bington. New York is the great com- 
mercial center of America, Washington 

li:i- ■uiiniiiTcc, Philadelphia is a city of 

manufactories, Huston is the business center 
for the manufactories ol New England. 
New York is Democratic, Philadelphia 
Republican, Boston doubtful and Wash- 
ington disfranchised by the national Con- 
stitution. The Germans avoid Huston, the 
Irish Philadelphia — both congregate in 
New York. The negroes prefer Washing- 
ton. Boston is the place to studv l.'ni- 
tarianism, New York Catholicism, Phila- 
delphia Quakerism. Such general state 

menisa* these might be extended indefin- 
itely, hut while they are strictly true they 
are liable to mislead. Any man may find 
congenial society in anygreat city, and the 
impression which he carries awa\ depends 

very much upon his own taste in the selcc- 

ii t assot fates, General views are al- 
ways more or less partial and imperfect 

There arc men of high culture in NYw 
York, perhaps more than there are in Bos- 
ton : there are rich ignoramuses in llo-dm, 

still it is true in general thai culture reigns 
over society in Boston and money in New 
York There are old Dutch families in 
Xew York and old Puritan families in 
Boston; but nothing to compare with the 
exclusive Quaker aristocracy ol 1'hiladel 
phia. There are those even within this 
charmed circle in Philadelphia who have 
heard of places not reached by the Penn- 
sylvania Railway; but they feel no per- 
sonal interest in them. Boston is the seat 
of I'nitarianism ; but it is not a Unitarian 
<il\. Catholicism ndes New Y'ork ; but 
nowhere in America is Protestantism more 
vigorous and active. Philadelphia is the 
Quaker City; but the Quakers are a small 
minority there. The gcnenl statements 
which I have made are valuable only as 
indicating, in a rough way, that each of 
these cities has a character of its own 
which distinguishes it from any other. 

The si thing may be said of the great 

cities of the South and West. There is 
but one New Orleans, but one Chicago, 
but one San Francisco in America, al- 
though these last have their would-be 
rivals. I have selected the principal At- 
lantic cities, because, in revisiting Amer- 
ica, these are the ones where my time has 
been spent, and I have nothing to offer in 

this .uu- le but the personal impressions of 

i n-residenl American.— The Contem- 

pora/ry Beoiew. 

iti. ii ml i (■ !■■ a Ton of Coal. 

A ton of coal yields about 8000 cubic 
feet of gas and 1500 of coke. The purifi- 
cation of the gas furnishes 45 gallons of 
ammonia water, from which is obtained 
sulphate ol ammonia for agricultural pur- 
poses, and 180 pounds of tar. It is here 
thai the operation becomes especially in- 
teresting, for from this last-named prod- 
uct are obtained 70 pounds of pitch, 18 of 
creosote, of naphtha, IS of heavy oils, (I 
Of naphthaline, 4 ofnaphthol, 2 of alizarine, 
about 1 each of phenol, aurine, analine 
(the Substance tO Which we are indebted 
lor each wonderful colors), 10 ounces of 
toludine, ii of anthracene and 12 of tolune. 

Finally, it will interest photographers 
thai nydroquinon, that product that has 

been so much spoken of recently, ami 
which was obtained from ciuchoua, is now 
obtained from coal by industrial processes. 

— La Boienceen FamilU. 

Hii:i Pro»pect» 

are largely the result of improvidence and lack 
of enterprise. Those who look out for the 

^1.1*1 eliaii.'es -et on: such peopk 

learning that they 

§1 and upward per hour 

hiiiii.- ami, 
■ptendid business. All who take 

. _ .■ ambitious and 
n- will write at once and learn all; no 

i will tie dune if vou do umvi* b .-..n.-lml. 

Doings of the B. E. A. 



i Huh very Pro- 
lllnble ScmnIoii at JVIItiueapoIlM. 

The Business Educators* Association of 
America opened their tenth annual meet- 
ing in the rooms of Curtisa Business Col- 
lege, Minneapolis, on July 17, President 
Williams vvjls in the chair, and Frank 
Goodman, of Nashville. Teuii.. acted as 
secretary. The Educators were cordially 
welcomed by Mr. Curtiss, after which 
President Williams delivered his annual 

address. There were other speeches of 
welcome in the afternoon by Mayor Ames 
and President Loring of the Chamber of 
Commerce. On Thursday morning U. ('. 
Spencer, of Milwaukee, presented b 
thoughtful paper upon the " Basis of Ac- 
counts." S. S. Packard, of Nru York. 

discussed ■■ Bookkeeping its Position in 

the Business Course, and how it should In- 
presented to Beginners." Mrs Sara A, 
Spencer, in behalf of the School of En- 
glish and Correspondence, made a talk that 
was much applauded. She closed as fol- 
lows: ■• We hope to be able to demon- 
strate in our schools of English and Cor- 
respondence thai it is entireh practical. le 
to give a condensed, clear, rapid course of 
training in the English language in three. 
six and ten months' time thai shal dis 
perse the mists and too banks in the brains 
of those young people who conic to us, 
ami inspire them with a perception of the 
power, beauty ami glory of our mother 

Among the papers read on Thursday 
were the following: " Double Entry," 0. 
D. Wilt; "Common Fractions." Col. Geo, 
Soule; "The Relations of Numbers." \V. 
II. Will; "Objects of the School of 

Civics," U. C. Spencer 

At the session held Friday forei 

papers were presented as follows : "Aids 
in Teaching," II. C. Spencer; "Princi- 
pal Methods of First Accounts," George 
Soule; ■■ How- to Teach a School to Jour- 
nalize," G. W. Elliott; "English. " Mrs 
Spencer; " Decimals," C. J. Thistlewait; 
■■ Interest." G. W. Elliott; "Short Meth- 
ods in Addition and Substruction," Byron 
Horton; - Profit and Loss," W. R. Will. 

In the atteruoou, after a short session, 
the members were given a drive about the 
city. Iu the evening some special ad- 
dresses and other exercises were much m 
Curtiss Hall. 

Various other papers on economic and 
commercial topics were read, the members 

entering freely in the discussions. The 

programme as announced h\ Tin .bunwi. 

was adhered to as closely as circumstances 
would permit. 

One of the features of this session was 
the School of Shorthand and Typewriting 

conducted by Mrs. L. II. Packard, of New 
York. Mrs. Lizzie Askew Davi ol Jack 

sonville, 111., acted as secretary. Much 
good work was accomplished. In the 
papers and discussions before this section 

were represented the veteran Klias Long 

ley, Mrs, M. v. Longley, A. D Will. P 

Judd, Mr. Gruman, A. .1. Barnes, Ii A 

Parnham, W. E. KcCord, S. S. Packard, 

.1. I). Creager, .Miss Sue V, Brown and 
various others. 

The convention remained in session Until 

■Tuly 25. The member- wen hand- ily 

entertained by the citizens with dim ■>, ex- 
cursions, &c, About LOO members partici- 
pated in the exercises. 

These officers were elected for the ensu- 
ing year: President, George W Brown 
.lacksonville, III., first vice pn idenl 

G. W. Elliott, Burlington, Iowa: Bee I 

vice-president, L. A. Gray, Portland. ,\b : 
third vice-president, Miss Patchei ol Call 
fornia; secretary and treasurer, W. E. 
McCord, New York. E. R. Felton, of 
Cleveland, < Ihio, was made chairman of the 
I .■ < .-inmittec, with power to ap- 
point Ids associates. Mr. Felton IS B part- 
ner in the Speiieeriun Business College, 
Cleveland, where the convention voted to 
hold its next session, 

The India, crack stei t of the Lake 

Superior Transit Company, left Buffalo, at 

7 p, m., Tuesday, Julj 10, having on board 
19 educator-, counting contingents. Two 
more joined at Brie and one at Cleveland. 

At roll call Thursday morning the follow- 
ing persons reported : Mr. and .Mrs. II. C. 
Spencer, Washington ; .Mr. and Mrs 
W. H. Sadler, Baltimore; Mr. and Mrs. 
s. s. Packard, Mr. and Mrs. Byron Her- 
eon and Mr. and Mrs. .( D. Odell, New 

York; Mr, and Mrs. L. L. Williams, Mr. 
0. F. Williams ami Mr. ami Miss Thistle- 
wait, New York; Mr. J. E. King, Roches- 
ter; Mr. C. B. Bryant, Buffalo; Mrs. and 
MissR. C. Spencer, Milwaukee; Mr. L.A. 
Gray, Portland; Mr. E. It. Felton, Cleve- 
land. At Port Huron was added M. R. E. 
Gallagher, of Hamilton, Canada. By virtue 
of a little previousness, judiciously dis- 
posed, the educators had tin best state- 
rooms, and by virtue of constant vigilance 

kepi their prescribed places at the table 
for the most of the voyage. When it is 
s nderstood that there were twice as mauy 

Two or three 
boat loads of the most adventurous of the 
company took the Rapids "shoot," while 

admiring friends stood OU the shore with 

waving handkerchiefs. Bandanoe were 
selling at in cents apiece in this famous 

town, and a banner, with villianous por- 
traits of Cleveland and Thunnan, h as sus- 
pended across the principal -tree!. A 
•straw" vote was taken on board the 

strainer and Harrison was duly elected, the 

vote standing 48 to 19, This gave jp© Lai 
pleasure to 0. F. Williams, who is in 

training for the fall campaign. The great 
event of the voyage was the celebration of 
the birthday of President L. L. Williams, 
which took place with proper solemnity on 
Saturday evening in the after saloon. The 
culprit was arrested bj Bailiff Sadler and 
brought before Judge Speueer of the " Su- 
perior" Court, whose wonderful assump- 
tion of dignity and Dogberry wisdom weir 
worthy of a better recordthan they n ill gel 
here. The prosecuting attorney, who was 

alsoa witness, brought most heinous charges 

against the accused, recounting the sius of 
his youth and the grave trangresaions of his 
mature manhood, and all of the 2\ edu- 
cators in their turn added to the weighl of 

Si. iliey t'1-t.'iie.i his nose to a ring, 
\ii<i placed aim in charge of the king. 
Who led him about 
By this ring in liis snout, 

"l In |>r;u i' Protection to sing. 

While he dwelt on the charms of Protection, 
He bet two to one on election — 
The two on Bandana 
igainfll Indiana, 

And that's alih.-rares tor Protection. 

Hill I. Hi'', the e |- .>M i.- 11'. 

With heart given river to pelf, 
T^et |K)litics go, 
As something too slow, 

\inl simply went in for himself. 

\n.| he started a Teachers 1 Convention, 
\\ i! a seemingly honest intention, 

And he played it so well 

That nobody could tell 

But himself what was in that c 

But at lost the great secret is out, 

\ml we are no longer in doubt, 

For " President" Lute 

Is the dog at the root, 

\ml that'- " hat this -<>u^ i- aliniit 

The Penmen's End of It. 

Report Of the Proceedings Of the Pen- 
men*- Section, ii. O. s| ,, i. Beo. 

The school was called to order bj Pros! 
dent c s Chapman al 9 20 a. m. A. N. 
Palmer, of Cedar Rapids, [owa, was intro- 
duced tnd gave bis first presentation un- 
der the head of " A " ClOSS Wlitiug At 

tlie outsel lie declared ainuoU the uncom 
promising champion ol muscular v. 

incut for liu-ine— writing. IE. proposed 

to give n series of lessons adapted to -in- 
dents in business COHegCS, each lesson that 
would ordinarily occupy an hour to be 

condensed to five minutes To this part 
of his plan, however, he seemed unable to 

conform, and his first leSSOIi occupied 

about "^n minutes. 

Each member of the school had pens, 

ink ami paper for use. The tirst direction 

given was to take the front position, place 
the left elbow at a convenient point near 
the edge of the desk, bring the left I .re- 
arm and hand clown to hold the paper and 
the right arm in proper relation thereto. 
Next he taught muscular action by clasp- 
in- the lull muscle of the righl Forearm 
with the left hand, the right hand clench- 

Interior View of the Boom at Ourtias 1 Business College, Minneapolis, 

flit HltsilifS* /■'> til I'll I <.•!-•■ As: 

passengers as there were places, the fitness 
of this precaution will beplain; and to one 
who has had the experience of second table 
fare it will be still plainer, At Cleveland 
four or five hours were given for an ex- 
cursion about the city. Through the kind- 
ness of Messrs. Felton and Looinis ol the 
Bpencerian Business University, a four- 
horse double omnibus was placed at the 
disposal of the educators, who promply 
tilled it and were transported through the 
principal streets, making a special invest] 
gat ion of the Nabob mansions, of Euclid 

avenue, and the workings of the Speu- 

oerian Business University wherein were 
gathered nearly 200 young men and 
women, bidding defiance to the thermome- 
ter and lake flies. At Detroit a sojourn of 
IB hours gave the wealthy members of the 
company an opportunity to invest in eor- 
ner lots and the wise and loquacious the 
knowledge of rehearsing their convention 
speeches to an intelligent body of students 

gathered under the auspices of Piatt K. 

Spencer, the handsome member of the 

Spencer family. The beautiful dwell- 
ings of Detroit situated in the midst of 
green lawns, with no disfiguring femes, 

are a pleasant spectacle. The Detroit 
Hivcr got a lir-I-da— tn-hce from (In 1 eiln 
cators for its many beauties. The most 

charming part of the trip, according to the 
general voice, was through the straits of 

Mackinaw. The approach to "the BOO 
won the admiration of the least -usecpt- 
ible. Even the city of Sault Ste Mane 

pronounced i>\ a beautiful young lady not 

of the educator-, " Salt Stec Maria." drew 

l " noomiums for its beautiful situation 

his condemnation. His greatest punish- 
ment was in being obliged to. stand upon his 
feet and listen to the billowing poem, which 
s e mijc had lisheu 1 out ol the lake 

There was a queer fellow named " Lute.' 
Who taught young ide;i_s how t<> -I | ; 

He budded a school 

And he ran it by rule, 

This culpable Xcalaway Lute. 

This rascal was bald on the top. 
Though having no idea- i ■ -■-. .|. 
And from manifold sins, 
Was so weak on liis pins 
That he was almost ready to drop. 

\n<! thus all the 

In his seln mi] should there hapj-en a drouth 
It caused him to opeu his mouth. 
And proclaim in the ear 
Of the world far und near. 

That he had Ijigiv.-n the S.mth 

And was willing, at BO much a h ■ i I 
To take the boys, living or dead; 
So bifl agents they went out, 
And his papers ware sent out, 
Though few "i them were evern ul 

This Lute had a brother, 0. R, 
Who to democrat doctrine was deal. 
While the sin .if Free-Trade 

I Ml hi- cntiseie so wei-li. ,1 

That lie nearly went mad, this O. K. 

This infliction so wearied the culprit 
that he heoecd for the privilege of sitting, 
but the stem and inexorable judge main- 
tained (he dignity of the court and had 
him propped up so that he could take 
whatever came to him standing. And 
then he was -howered with gifts of various 

shapes, colors and significance, each pre- 
sented with some allusion to his shortcom- 
ings as a linn and a citizen, After which 
the ease was summed up and went to the 
jury. The judge's charge was so evidently 
favorable to the prisoner that an investi- 
gation was ordered, and a Vile conspiracy 
was unearthed inculpating the judge, the 
prisoner and seven members of the jury. 
The end is not yet. 

The whole farce was concluded by 
jubilee concert, given (// freteo by the 

darkey waiters, and a dance, in which the 

educator* distinguished themselves by a 
variety of "steps" not laid down in the 

Sunday on Lake Superior. Smooth 
water and lovely weather. The minds of 

the educators given to sacred thoughts. 
Sermons on the promenade deck, profanity 

On the lower deck, psalm singing in the 
saloon and communion it/ various secluded 

This veritable history is being written as 
the good ship India approaches Duluth, 
and will be sent von just one week too 
iate foi the Jul} .buns u . Burn it. 

It i- staled U] vliatiie authority that the 

teacher wiih a glass eye has at least one re- 
fractoi ( pupil 

i-d to harden and define the muscles tor- 
ward of the elbow, and then by move- 
ments in air forward and back and left and 

right, enabled the pupil to become clearly 
conscious of the location, size and action 
of his chief writing muscles 

Mr. I'alnier remarked that a portion of 
each lesson should be glVGU to movement 

drill; thai whe ilass was found to be 

failing in respei i to free moi i ments he 

would give half an hour to each drill. Me 
would, however, ploj bul a few differ- 

Training was <.iven iq I In- I'rce, rapid 

execution of direcl and reversed oval-. 
counting each time round, the pupil's 
moving in concert: also on a running 
combination of the first and second 

-Iroke- of small n mad. about one-half 
the hight Of a ruled space; also upon the 
combination mu, mum, each letter being 
named as written — the hight being about 
,',. blCh, forming the basis of a running 

Mr Palm r Started in on his Lesson 2 

i>\ stating licit it sin. ui<! begin with a re- 
\ iew oi Lesson i Here bis time expired, 

and our broad-shouldered president knock- 
ed him down: but rest assured he will t«>e 
the scratch again, with a smile on his 
face, to-morrow morning. No one has as 
pel attempted to counter bis pure, un- 
mixed and unadulterated mu eulai move 
meat. From the questions an 
suras that followed, the following points 

appeared ■■<■■. thai tl rearm may 

ii:r. e a flxi 'i rest like a machine, upon the 

desk, balanced upon lis muscle, and the 
paper be Slipped l"iu Old tO >■, i"< prOfl 

rasa across the page: thai the forearm 
may be placed at a middle point in respect 
h, d page, and then bo lightlj poised thai 
it in ,i. sweep the n hole " idth ol I fie page 
from the pivotal point; that it is most 
convenient to write three short words, two 
medium wordaorone long word, occupy- 
ing from 2 to 2-j inches, with the forearm 
ut one point on the disk, and then change, 
making about three changes in thus pro- 
gri --111- across bhi p igi . 

Iti regard in tin- sitting position at desk 

for writing, the view Beemed to prfevai] 

that all Of the Various positions should lie 

taught, and used aa circumstances may 
require, n h 'as, bowaver, evident thai 
the front position was generally preferred, 

and the full right side position considered 

the [east desirable. There waa some clash,; 
ing of opinions in regard to using aids to 
teach pen holding, such as a penny on the 
wrist to keep ii level, a hit of paper on 
the knuckle to prevent tipping to the right, 

or a BOftball in the hand to indicate the 

proper curve of the fingers, but it ap- 
peared to he conceded th;it such aids might 
properly be employed to reach difficult 
chronic cases of bad pen holding. 

The utility of COpj 1 ks was incident- 

aii> discussed. Objections were made to 

1 he manner in which copy-hooks w ere used 
in public schools, where pupils were re- 
quired to carefully draw out all the letters 
and words in order to produce a uniform 
effect when the books were examined by 

officiids and visitors. This objection was 

met by the statement that in the schools 
where copy-books were used properly, 11 
blank writing book or paper was used in 
connection to train the proper use of arm 
and hand, and secure at the same time the 
full benefit of the systematic copies and 

instructions contained in the graded copy- 
books, On this poinl the view was fur- 
ther advanced that teachers of penmanship 
should seek to foster b public sentiment in 
fa voi of the employment of special teachers 
of writing in the public schools. 

Under the head of "Aids in Teaching 
Penmanship," II. C, Spencer, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, drew a rhomboid on the 
angle writing on the board and divided it 
into three equal spaces in bight and three 
in width. It was shown that Upon this 
figure all the letters of the alphabet ean be 
cleail\ exhibited as to hight and propor- 
tions, without the aid of verbal descrip- 

Spencer's "Hand Chart of Writing," 
'• Guide Ruling." and " Movement Exer- 
cises," comprising tour pages, were placed 

before each member of the set I, mil 

their uses as aids briefly explained The 
method wa< shown on these of correcting 
forms of letters by placing fcran parenl 

paper over the guide ruling, writing a 
selected letter on the paper, then placing 

the letter thus formed over the model. 
At a glance the writer could see in what 
points his letter must be corrected 

Next came the lesson '■('" (lass g n - 

by .lames w. Harkins, of Minne- 
apolis. The subject was opened, lor the 

first time in any convention, by Mr. 

Ihukins. He spoke of the difficulty of 

presenting the subject, on account of its 
:n tut 1 01 v character; that it has nothing 

thai can DC set forth as a standard, and 
that Ihcengrossei nui\ indulge in as much 

freed in elaboration, ornamentation 

and originality as he desires, providing he 
does not sacrifice legibility ol letters. 

Mr. Barkins said, u Remember, the en- 
grosser n.r.r chtaUt, Ills is the art of 

arrangemenl only. He takes a number 
of characters so formulated as to presenl a 

picture of light and shade, and places 

them where they will form an intrusive 

part of a harmonious whole. Originality 

1 worthy. More, originality is 

genius; but 1 wish to urge upon you ear- 
nestly that the only legitimate field for 

the engrosser's originality is in the dis- 
tribution of detail- let th* alphabet atom ' 
The simon-pure letter mual lte.iii.iwed to 

n initi it- distinguishing characteristics. 
im manipulation ol a letter, » tn rebj il 
can be recognized only by its proximity 
to other letters is an assumption that no 
artist is -it liberty to take Upon himself. 

i.ei mi' be understood l condemn inno- 
vations only when tin) assume a form in- 
consistent with legibility." 

Mr. Ilarkius then spoke of the impor- 
tance of keeping ornamentation free from 
the Bubject matter, ami followed bj < 
number of illustrations, showing striking 

contrasts in black and white; directions 
in engrossing resolutions, &C,-, Ac- The 

lesson was instructive and interesting 

The discussions were freely participated 

u, bj W <■ sunib, nt Minneapolis; D W 

IlolT, ites Moines; . N, J. Beardsley, St. 
Paul; H: T. Eugelhorn. Helena, Muni. ; 

Frank Goodman, Nashville; A. J. Newby, 

Chicago; C, 9. Chapman, DeS Moines; 
!l. C. Spencer, Washington, D. C. 

The school was ealled to order bj Hie 
president at 9.30 a. m. About 25 mem- 
bers were present. ,\ N. Palmer resumed 

his C0Une of lessuiis under ■■ A " Class 
Writing. He had placed free-hand copies 
on Hie blackboard, composed of light 

strokes, embodying his Lessons 2, 3, 4 and 
■ r ). No. 1 was given yesterday. 

Lesson •>.— Copy: Two capital O's to be 
made with muscular movement, counting 
rapidly, one, two; one letter to be turned 
in air, the next on paper, alternately. The 
teacher Would in this connection also prac- 
fcice tracing ovals in air just above the pa- 
per, counting quickly, one, two, three, 
four, five, six, to excite a free muscular 
forearm movement. 

Next in practice was on a group of three 
small -/.i, counting one, two, three. Next 

the word a-m-e-n, naming each letter as 
written. Next, three small a's joined. 
Then the word ammon in same manner. 
These WOrdB were followed by one/, two/'.*, 
three /'*, four Vs, groups combined, writ- 
ten ii\ count, one for each letter. Lesson 
2 ended with lone, lonely. These words, 
however, are not to be taken as indicative 
of the spirit of the school or its teacher. 
In familiar classic terms, it ma\ be -;ml of 

Mr. Palmer that, while he is teaching, 

"no flies light on him." 

It is here proper to remark that in writ- 
ing i be extended loop letters it is expected 
by the teacher that the pupil will himself 

introduce a slight action of the fingers in 
connection with the forearm, but the 
teacher never says anything to him about 
it, because it is not necessary. In other 
words, at this stage of the course a com- 
pound movement is allowed to creep ill. 

Lesson 8. — Introduced with review ex- 
ercises embracing direct and reverse ovals, 
capital O'.h, groups of small m's and <>'x; 

the words uiihh, in mn in ;/; one small //, 

combined groups oJ two, three and four 
small A'»; four A'a and //combined; Aum, 

Lesson 4. — Movement drills. Copies on 

board; three small m's and four small n»'« 
combined ; small m on one line, combined 
with another on line below by combined 
sweep; three small o'a on a line combined 
with small in on line below, with compound 
sweep; to be written with light, <piick 
strokes, counting one, two, three, linn, Ac 
Next the running oval, a little less than a 
ruled space in hight, extending about half 
way across the page, written to rapid 
count, "one, one. one. one, one," iVc, for 
each down stroke, all light." 

Lesson '<. Copies on board- Small //, 
words you, young, younger. In criticising 

small „ when the pupil spreads it open at 

the top teacher shows thai the sides should 

meet at the top, illustrating it by bringing 
ends of fore-fingers together. He would 
nut identity -T h- ik --■ I -\ name-. ■ leit curve," 
"right curve." Arc No reason given for 

Lesson 5. — Copies on board: Direcl and 

space in bight and three ■ mall m 

bined; three capital 0"s same hight. all 
written lightly with forearm movement to 
rapid counting. Next a full set of Capital 
letters in alphabetic order, without -bade 

and intended for business writing. Tin 
advantages of the oval sweep of the pen 
preceding and continuing throughout each 
letter was clearly illustrated pn the b I 

Teacher WOUld devote one le-son to the 

alphabet as a whole, and three or four 

subsequent lessons to teaching it ill groups 
of from six to eight letters in, alphabetic 
order. yVould afterward teach the capi- 
tals classified, 

H. T. Eugelhorn raised the question as 
to whether pupils distant from the black- 
board and those having weak e\es I Id 

distinct iy se< the light stroke copies writ- 
ten with chalk bj the teacher. The ques- 
tion after Borne discussion was finally set- 
tled by writing- the word mum on the 

board three times, the first with down 
strokes shaded, the second with upward 

and downward strokes, both clear, but 
not shaded, the third composed entirely 
of line strokes. Members of the class 
stood at a distance and compared the 

three words. They decided that the 
•second word written with distinct upward 

and downward strokes could be read at a 
greater distance than either of the others, 
and was therefore preferable. 

The various terminations of the capital 
stem were discussed; stem with oval; 
stem with partial oval and horizontal 
dash across to the right; stem with dot; 
Btem abbreviated and stopping on base 

line. The las! named appeared to be the 
one generally preferred, although there 
were various opinions in regard to the 
best method of teaching it. 

The discussion was participated in by 
I). W. liolV. 11. T. Engclhom, Miss L. 
Patterson, of Rochester, Minn.; C. S. 
Chapman, A. N. Palmer, ,l M. Harkins, 
r. Bayles, of Dubuque, and n. C Spen- 

Next came the lesson "('"Class En- 
grossing, by J. M. Harkins, of Minne- 
apolis, Minn. The lesson comprised prac- 
tical illustrations of the effects of light 
and shade, and under Mr. llarkiu's in- 
struction the class engrossed the word 
" Bandwagon " in white letters surrounded 
by a black margin, in turn surrounded by 

bordfl) lines 

The lesson served to instruct m the 
manner of forming block letters correctly, 
and was accompanied by both verbal in- 
struction and blackboard illustrations, 

The Third Hay 'a Proceeding. 

The next session of the Penman's Sec- 
tion opened on Monday morning. 

The school was called to order by Presi- 
dent ('. s, Chapman. About 30 members 

I). W IlolT, teacher of penmanship in 
the public schools of |)cs Moines. Iowa. 
was introduced, and proceeded to present 
his method of teaching. He had pre- 

\ ioiis|\ placed diagram- on the blackboard, 

showing relative position of arms, hands 
and papei also the muscular rest of the 
forearm on the desk in writing. 

lie said his instruction and training 
would be adapted to advanced grades in 
public schools. His pupils were required 
to understand and maintain the writing 
position: also required to slide the writ- 
ing page from side to side, keeping thi 

forearm fixed at one point OH the desk 

The teacher believes this battel adapted 

to securing (he direct and uniform slant 
Of letters Tin' point of the elbow should 

projecl beyond the >-^-j.'- ol the desk on 
account of the thinness ol the muscle* 

about it. 

Mr lloil proposed to direct the member- 

presenl he would a class of boys. 

Taking off his coat, he telescoped his 

i,n i deei e up to aboi e the elbow . avoid 

ing a roll, tb.-n resuming his coat, -bowed 

iiow greater, freedom .Of action of the arm 

was thus secured. By a diagrarj the 

blackboard, quickly sketched, advantages 
of an erect front positiou at desk were 
shown, and disadvantages of the right- 
side position. 

I b taught the forearm movement, aided 

by the slight sympathetic action of the 

ringers — in other words, ac pound move 

On the blackboard we 

mem exercises; comprising lateral itrokes 
to be exteuded one-third the way across 
the page; slanting straight lines to be 
struck close, about two ruled Bpaces in 
hight, chiefly by forearm action, repeat- 
ing reversed OVal exen i-e, IC|leaHll- '111., t 

oval exercise; exercises on aingle capital 

.1/. followed by repeated left cum. ami 
straight line, as in beginning of small n, 
all combined; the word Minimum, begun 
with capital, all combined. These were 
followed by combined exercises embracing 

capitals /, ./. r. l>, /•:, //. .v, »/, I , r, also 

by groups of ,'* and of the small letters. 

In these exercises the movements ware 
inspired and regulated by the tunes of a 
large music-box, pupils keeping time to 
the music by making two strokes for each 
beat. For example, the capital M written 
three times, combined by horizontal oval 

loops, the last finished with the horizontal 

oval, the three down strokes straight, the 
pen not lifted, the exercise will require 
just 12 counts or beats; hence if the music 
chosen contains four beats to the measure 
the exercise will consume just three meas- 
ures, while the small i or r could also be 
written 12 times, if combined, in three 

Where capitals arc shaded, the shaded 
stroke is made on the accented note. The 
use of music is limited to movement exer- 
cises requiring uniform time throughout; 
no attempt is made to regulate the writing 
of words to music, on account of the dif- 
ference in time necessary to execute the 
x ai inn- letters. 

Mr. Hoff has successfully used exercises 

to music in his daily teaching during the 
last three years with pupils from 12 years 
of age upward, occupying about one-third 
of the time of each lesson. 

lie -aid he was not specially a champion 
of exercises to music, but considered the 
use of the music-box preferable to count- 
ing, because the teacher when relieved 
from counting is free to criticise the work 
of the pupils ami attend to the details of 

At the expiration of Mr. Hoff's tune, on 
motion of Mr. Crandlc, it was extended 
ten minutes, a Haltering compliment in the 
teacher, and an evidence of the lively in- 
terest felt by the school in his instruction. 

In answer to a question the teacher -aid 
he did not ive, muiicinl llie -n called pure 

muscular or forearm movement anj more 
than he would recommend stiffened knee- 
joints in walking. 

Neat monograms on the board present- 
ing all the small and capital letters 1 

showing the relationship of groups of let- 
ters to each other formed a useful feature 
of the lesson. 

\ te-l of the action of muscles was 
shown by grasping the ri^ht shoulder 
firmly with the fingers of the left hand. 

enabling one thus to observe that while 
flexing his ringers simply the upper arm 
and shoulder muscles are n< it concerned ; 
it is perceived, however, thai they come 
into play in controlling the use of the fore- 
arm as it operates upon its pivotal rest 
forward of the elbow . 

Mi. Hoff concluded his illustrations i,\ 
standing at the elbow of a pupil who was 
in writing position, ami placing his left 
hand under the pupil's forearm muscular 
rest, a- a cushion, lii- riglit bund over the 
pupil's right, and then easily operating the 
pupil's arm and hand in making ovals and 

other simple exercises, for the purpose of 
practically inculcating the proper writing 
movement. The pupil must remi d 

i tin- 

C n Cnmdle, of Northern Illinois Col- 

I. -. m| penmanship. Normal School and 

Business College, Dixon, III. was next in- 
troduced, and nt oner proceeded to present 

his subject: "Manner of Conducting 

Large ( 'h- ■ 

He stilled thai in the institution with 
which he is connected he has writing 

classes numbering respectively 1.111 :mil 240 

students Me teaches the frohl position at 
flesh oi 'able, regarding that as the best 
for maintaining power. Was obliged to 
receive pupils into the regular classes at 
any time without varying tie class worl 

New pupils receive individual attention in 

position ami movement two or three days, 

then lake the regular class lessons. lie 

teaches position by assuming the correct 
position in lull rieis of his class, requiring 
all to follow his example. He does no1 
require all pupils to slide the band on the 
third and fourth ringers — if there was am 
defect in iln»s.- Bngcrs that made-it difficult 
— or even hi cases \\ here there was a firmly 
fixed habit of sliding on the little finger 
only. Ii might require a year to break up 
the latter habit, and in doing sothe pupil's 
progress jn writing would be seriously hin- 

Mr. Crandle drills his classes freely on 
movement exercises, giving but little atten- 
tion to form while securing movement. 
lie use- llie simple combination of small o 
running about one-fourth across the page 
a great deal, counting one, two, three, 
four, rive; insists on attention and secures 
it by interesting work. Later, he calls at- 
tention to points of formation and illus- 
trates faults on the board; gives exercises 
on small letters of practical size that will 
be used in writing words; would nol 
spend much time on one copy, say about 
four minutes on an exercise, a longer time 
a word, ami a still longer time on a sen- 
tence. Such changes help to maintain an 

a sentence for 30 minutes. 

One of Mr. Crandle's peculiarities as a 
teacher is that he allows his pupils to 
select their own seats when they come into 
bis writing hall. Each table seats six, and 
b\ the operation of a we'1-known natural 
law he finds that three young men and. 
three young women arrange themselves 
at each table. Such being the case, the 
teacher must be on his mettle, for if he 
fails to make the lesson interesting bis 
pupils will soon interest themselves in one 
another. He spends much time on figures, 
explains their formation in a general wav 
and secures rapidity of execution by the 
aid of counting. He looks for faults 
among the pupils and calls attention to 
them on the board. 

In teaching letters, Mr. Crandle aims to 
give exen ises on simple forms suitable for 
business writing. He placed on the board 
by way .if illustration capital &a joined 
from top to (op; capital .|\ made separ- 
ately, also joined, capital O'fl joined 
with looped tops; direct oval exercise- 
running ohii.juely at right angle to regO 
He objects io running oval on 
I of us lendingto 
increased slant ; also object* to the tracing 
direct oval exercise, and thinks the pupil 
after using it wiU run the two left down- 
ward strokes of n capital together. 

Mi. Gilbert, ol Milwaukt ... asked whal 
Uiocess the ti a< her bad 
ladies, with their tight i 
eular or forearm 

orizontal line i 

training young 

Mr. Crandle replied that he bad often 
requested hi- lady pupils to enlarge their 
Sleeves (" Facilitate their progress in writ- 

Mr. lloff remarked that he had required 
his lady pupils who could afford to do so 

to enlarge their dress aleeves -o that thex 
could acquire the muscular movement. 

Ml Crandle said, when a young man 
Complained of a bad feeliug in his arm, be 
usually found ii was caused h, w< uing i 
rubber sleeve band. 

Mr, Gilbert asked if Mr. Crandle would 
allow finger movement in writing the 

small " combination. The teacher replied 

that lie did not believe there W6S a pro- 
fessional penman who could write it with- 
out some finger movement, There si Id 

be a Blight action of the thumb anil finger 
iii connection with the forerun re 

Mr. Crandle asked Mr. Hofl if he re- 
quired bis boy and young men 
io adjust the shin sleeve daily for writing. 
Answer; Ye-, and those v\ho come into 
the class withoul the necessary adjust 

liient arc re.|uiiei] In return lo tin' Honk 

room io attend to that matter 

M.,i,,. sihn,'- v.', — The Wind-up 

The school was called to order by Presi- 
dent Chapman, who introduced S. ('. 
Williams, of Spalding Business College, 
Kansas City, Mo. Mr. William- -aid 

"Ihad no thDiiLrlil dI ]av-..-ll*in;; an\ -uliji-el 

in coming t<> the convention, ami have not 
made that careful prepanition which should 
[iieecile nnv exercise asking the ntteill I' 

moncoj ffsogreat a distance ami in session 

so short a time. Mr, Secretary, in justice to 
myself I ask you to make note of that fact. 
Rut my willingness to add my little and help 
(ill \ neaneie- niic\| H >eledly ai isiu-, inns! lie ni\ 
reason for consenting to give a brief lesson, 
which I shall call 'The Start,* with a class 
ordinarily confronting the teachers of writing 
in a business eo]le"v. Will vou please consider 
\ . .nt ■■.,-);. ~ sneh a class, and for the time of this 
exercise try to forget what you know about 
the subject to the limit of knowledge usually 
possessed by such a class. 

" Now, I ask you to be sure you understand 
what I say. Do not allow what may seem to 
you unimportant points to pass you. This is 
a subject consist im: of <!,• fails. Ask questions 
if you are not absolutely certain, You and 
I will have to make a great effort to urtni yon 
away from the influence of habits fixed by 
long practice. It will be in some sense like 
learning to walk a different gait. 

Now, / am paid in money for my efforts. 
1 am also paid l.\ mv STrCBBBS in MrtKIfflg u f , 
a reputation in l!ii- institution as a successful 
teacher of writing: as a whole-souled teacher of 
writing; as a fellow who intends to ■ ^ v \ there ' 
as a man who will do you more good in getting 
a foothold in business than any other man in 
this college, not because of my superiority, but 
because of the subject I teach. ' Oh,' you say, 
' you're a great fellow !' Just look me in the 
eyes and see if I'm not. But I am not nearly 
as great a fellow as I expect to be. Haven't 
you been going along in a sleepy way, accom- 
plishing nothing, long enough ? You are paid 
by the degree of excellence you attain in your 
writing, and these two standards of reward— 
my reputation and your attainment— will be 
measured by the amount of effort, life, con- 
centration, vim, enthusiasm, heroism— what- 
ever you may choose to call it— you and I put 
into our work. 

"As truly in tin- department as in any 
other, you will get just what you work for. I 
mention Hus to di-sipate an idea I have fre- 
quently encountered in my classes— that of 
doubt in the student's mind as to bis ability 
to succeed He goes to work at it much in the 
light of a doubtful experiment, with an Idea 
perhaps that writing Is like poetry— a gift en- 
dowed, not an art acquired. 

" Now, I will offer a guarantee. If you will 
make as good and earnest effort to acquires 
good handwriting as I shall to mil you, you 
will Buceee 1 I shall enter into n,, s „,„ |, 
heart and soul. What are vou -one: to do " 

The teacher here supplied each pupil 

with a convenient .loiter, remarking thai 

ii si i'l only be used while writing, 

as a smooth, clean surface upon which to 

-lide the hand and absorb tin- ink, especi- 
ally jeri iceable to the bookkeeper who 
makes entries in differonl places in quick 
succession, and must place his blotter over 
cad, entry a- -.on as made Samples of 
different grades of blotters wen pat ■ d 

among the pupils Io be compared, to en 
able them tO forni a cornet judgment in 

respect to their qualities, and distinguish 

the thick, firm, smooth blotter from the 

thin, jjh article. 

In teaching position, Mr, Williams would 
not insist on all pupils sliding the band 
on third ami fourth finger nail-, as the 

■bib renee in nails would in some cases 

allow the writer to fold his fingers under 
the hand far enough to rest on the backs of 

the lingers. Would also, in some cases, 

allow pupils to drop ii,, penholder back 

and below (he knuckle joint. He used 

Spencer's copies in bis business college 
classes, and made the penholding taught 
on chart "iv ot thai series the standard 
Here movement exercises were intro- 
duced, consisting of lateral strokes about 

one-third the width of the writing page, 
three combined small h'*, small .and i al- 
ternating fl number of limes, condoned: a 
combination of small / and / in same man- 
ner, also small / and y in similar cmnbiua 

inni. These were practiced l>\ the set ], 

the teacher encouraging an.) regulating 
Nee muscular movement by counting 

tWO, One-two," ami so on He remarked 

thai be WOUld not Iry to make tile small 
''* with forearm movement alone, but al- 
ways allovv !]„. fingers to co-operate 

The direct oval retracing exercise was 
next introduced and drilled upon, and the 

announcement made thai this and similar 

exercises should be continued till si ■ 

power with muscular movement was ac- 

"The point I hope Io make," said .Mr. 

Williams. «at the ot thi- first exei 
eisc is that by showing the student what 
be cannot do, but should be able to do 
easily if he would acquire a good hand- 
writing. I may succeed io gaining his 
interest at the outset in what might other- 
wise appear montouous drill upon move- 

uow mil BNGBLHORM TEAOHBS childkkn. 
H. F. Engelhorn, of Helena, Mont., 
was next introduced. His subject was 
" Teaching Children." He said children 
have plenty of movement, hut not the 
writing movement. Ifi- experience in 
teaching children had been considerable, 
and his success encouraging. He told the 
children of the object of their learning to 
write, and gave them some facts in regard 
i" ilc history of writing, and to interest 
and entertain them sometimes used various 
colored crayons in writing and drawing 
fur them. 

He uses Spencer's new copy-book, be- 
gins with children in lowest grades, about 
seven pears of age, and is careful to have 
them start right. He would have their 
surroundings neat, orderly and attractive 
as an incentive to carry out his teaching, 
lie would have children begin with long 
slate pencils, and a little later begin the 
use of pen and ink. 

Mi. lb.IT, of Des Moines, remarked that 
he preferred to use paper, and start chil- 
dren witli lead pencils. 

In regard to position, Mr. Engelhorn said 
be hail tried all the different positions and 
had concluded that he should (each the 
youth what they would practice when 
they became men— that is, the left-side 
position He taught penholding by call- 
ing a pupil forward from the class and 
having him extend his right arm and hand, 
placed the pen properly between the 
thumb and fingers. Copies were placed 
on the board of oblique straight lines 
made downward, straight lines joined 
downward and upward, the direct retrac- 
ing oval. These wen- practiced to count- 
ing one, t« 

the high bcI 1 Ha— Mr Gngelhorn would 

allow more Liberty in reaped to position 
among hi- pupils. 

A briei discussion was participated in 
i>\ Mr-. Pittman, Mr. Chapman, Mr. 

\\ illiam- and olhers. 

■i ii Grafton, ol Queen Citj Business 

College, Quincy, 111., was t hen introduced, 

and read ■■< paper on •• Business Men's 
Writing," which closed the 
the School of Penmanship, 

The teacher said little fingers can be 
taught to work iiearh a- well :c oil pUes 
ami that the child must be taught slant, 

the result of the downward motion when 
the writer is in the correct position. 

The next copies were small /\ small r'n 
joined, small »'s with curves [neioging and 
combining them, capital //'* joined, also 
combined capital ty 

Mi Jordan asked : Why so much 
practice on capital exercises?" 

■■ Thej afford free sweep to ar ud 

hand," was the answer. 

Proceeding the teachei said he believed 
in Spencer's simple business capitals; and 

wished he could httve had them ted years 

ago. lb repeated that he taught his 
pupils to ait with left side turned partly 

toward the desk, holding the paper af j !><■ forwarded by private conveyance 
lea to the edge of the deafer, rh Pamela MeArtkur Col in Our Youth 

Mediaeval Letter Writing. 

I.citer writing that is. the frequent 
correspondence of friends — ma\ bi n i kon 

ed among the pleasures peculiar t odern 

days. Centuries ago letters were few, for 
fcfie best o| reasons, Heading and writing 
were rare accomplishments. Documents 
of importance, such as contracts, deeds of 
gift. &c, are si ill in existence wherein the 
contracting parties, of noble or princely 
blood, could do no more than ■•make 
then mark 

The scrivener or the priest was of ten the 

letter- 1 * titer for those n ho needed such 
service. Then remember that verj proba- 
bly the person (o whom the letter was 
sent would have to call in a learned friend 
to read it, ami you will see that there were 
likely to be few small confidences. 

Public news was conveyed by couriers 
or messengers, and of course details were 
a long while reaching the person- most 
deeply concerned. Wandering minstrels 
carried the account of the brave deeds 
done io battle, and pilgrims returning 
from Palestine told the stories of the Cru- 
saders, whose friends at home might 
sometimes be left for years without tidings 
Often intelligence was conveyed to some 
absent friend by a person who carried a 
verbal message and bore some token by 
which he might be known to be reliable. 
For this purpose a ring was often sent, 
and. HseTi a pledge of fidelity, it often re- 
minded the receiver of some previous 
agreement or pledge of friendship. Mary, 
Queen of Scots, on coming to England t>> 
claim the protection of Elizabeth, sent by 
a messenger a diamond ring which Queen 
Elizabeth had sent her years before as a 
pledge of assistance and friendship. 

When Elizabeth herself was on her 
death-bed one of her ladics-in-waiting had 
agreed to send to the Scottish Court the 
news of her death by a messenger who 
should carry a torquolse ring well known 
to the king. When the messenger arrived 
.bon.s asked if he had come from the 
Council; be answered, " No, yet had he 
brought from a lady a blue ring." " So," 
adds the record, " he was known fur u 
true mcsseneei 

Wax of sonic kind is the oldest b of 

securing letters. Centuries before the 
Christian era stringent laws in Greece for- 
bade a cutter of seals to keep the die used 

or to make a cop] for an; but the lawful 

owner. Letlers wen- anciently secured by 
a strip of ribbon or silk bound around 
them and scaled with wax. The sea] WSS 
frequently set in a ring, ami few tokens 
were of more importance than the " signet 

When letters ol consequence were sent 
b\ a messenger it was not uncom a to 

write on the oulside -onic ad n n i -. 

" Hide faSt," •' These with -peed," » Hide 

for thy life." II may be remembered that 

perhaps the messenger could not read. 
True, but there was provision made for 
that. Letters two or three centuries old 

are still in existence oil the outside of 

Which, be-ides i such warning as that 

given above, is a rude drawing ol B gal 
lows to remind the bearer thai he must 
"ride for his life" indeed. If he could 
not re;id lie knew what that meant, 

[n the sixteen! hand seventeenth cent uric- 
it was not UUCOl n foi persons of im- 
portance to keep correspondents in dilTer- 

eli! places Id ■ r-,,,1 ii,, in |,mIiI m ;,| news to 

Winn old Louis Frontenac died on his 
plantation, '• miles oul of Port Royal, he 
left to his nephew, Philip Forney, a 
weather-beaten white house built in the 
colonial style, and a trad of cotton and 
timberland fast running to waste. No axe 
had wrun<j in i In woods U<\ a ■ it . :m I. . and 

for many seasona do plowshare had 
turned a furrow in the Gelds, Round the 
old gentleman's mansion had sprung up 

an almost impassable growth of noxious 
vegetation an«l tangled underbrush. Sun- 
light seldom penetrated there, find the 
plaintive notes of those birds that are met 
with in the deepest solitudes were the only 
sounds of life. 

Louis Frontenac had been found dead 
in his library on a lowering morning when 
the gloom in the old house i 

ad than usual. lie had been struck 

down by heart disease Coal black Aunt 
( 'bloc, hi- only servant, with 
ale whimper tied a piece of crape 
door and sel out on foot for the 
habitation. 3 miles away, to bear the tid- 
ings of her master's death. The funeral 

was alien. led by half a score of planters, 

who bad exchanged amenities with Front e- 
nac Inline the war, when times were 
better for them all, and by Freeman Jeff- 
reys, an attorney at Port Royal, who had 
been named as one of the executors. 
The other executor was Ravenel Tracy, a 
young planter whose erudition and 
plishments had won the good will of old 

All tin. -Mile, both nalty and person- 
alty had been left to his nephew, Philip 
Forney, a bright young corporation lawyer 
of New York, whostoodlE no need of the 
dead man's possessions, At the time of 
his uncle's death Forney was in Canada on 
business, and much (o his regret, could 
not be present at the funeral. When he 
reached Port Royal, ten days later, he lost 
no time in driving out to the plantation of 
his friend Ravenel Tracy, who received him 
with the open-hearted cordiality that one 

Forney asked affectionately for particu- 
lars of the old bookworm's death, and was 
told how Aunt Chloe coming 
library to call him to breakfast had found 

h< i ma) mi dead among bis manuscripts, 

" S rare ones he left, too," said 

Tracy, "and they may prove to he 
valuable 'ban the tumble-down house and 

the neglected land." 

The following day the hi ir and the ex- 
ecutor rode over to the Frontenac place to 
make an inv ntory. It was with difficulty 
they urged their horses up the overgrown 
bridle-path to the house. The woods had 
not been thinned oul for an age, and the 
gloom under the interlocking pines ad'lcd 
to the perplexities of travel. The weather, 
too, Was murky, with an occasional patter- 
ing Ml rain. When the riders came in 
sight of the mansion through a break in 
the foliage Forney shivered involuntarily 
and exclaimed : 

" How could a human being live in such 

•■ Nothing bettei pleased old Fron- 
tenac said the othei . " he was so wedded 

to ins bonks that for .lays he never vent- 
ured out, and but for Aunt Chloe he 
might have starved. Deep in the night, 
often, when the loot of the sereech owl or 
the cry of a wildcat alone broke the still- 
ness, the old man's lamp burned steadily, 
and ovei hie volumes be pored uncon- 
scious ol his isolation But he was as 

p ■■" tented on old soul as dwelt in 

these pari-, and von had onh to interest 

yourself in hlfl bookfl to win bis esteem," 

'' "'- svhi. h n ta ol brick, with 

d h. tii ol Doric columns, bad formerly 

but now the 

■I ink with unsightly weeds and 

a second growth of timber had pushed 
forward beyond the circling pines. 

Aunt I 'hloe appeared on the porch as 
the young men rode up, and welcomed 
them with a grotesque obeisance. She 
conducted them from room to room show- 
ing them the faded splendors ot tin |,| :I < ■-■ 
and uncovering the family pictures. At 
last, with something like contempt, she 
led the way into the library, where old 
Louis's treasures were collected. At the 
request of the young men she left them 
here to potter about her housework. The 
room was the lightest in the house, but, in 
the midst of the tract of pine land, it was 
nevertheless a gloomy apartment. Two 
student lamps stood on a table near the 

"Often," remarked Tracy, "the old 
gentleman was forced to light hie lamps 
at midday." 

The four walls of the room were covered 
with books packed close ou wooden shelv is. 

questered European courts. Others were 
of perilous travels among the heathen, and 
again of wars with pike and sword and 
halberd, or of adventurous raids on the 
Spanish Main. Turning the SCreedfl 0V61 
Tiaev eauie upon a manuseript written in 
a modern hand on yellow paper and bound 
roughly in sheepskin. The cover and 
parts of the leaves were stained, as if by 

*• Bj Jove! " he exclaimed, suddenly. 
■ What's up now ! " asked Forney. 

"Tortillos Island," replied Tracy, ex- 

" Well, but that doesn't enlighten me." 

" Perhaps there is nothing in it, after 
all," said Tracy: " but one of the old man's 
pleasantries was to promise to tell me one 
day about Tortillos Island. What he 
meant I aever knew, but here is contained 

the secret." 

Forney's curiosity was aroused, and he 
bent over the writing with bis friend. It 

K i^rTHE Fireside. 

/ty: ifigl)ljalljb9 tl)e fip'eUjjfyt's clieet-J 

"nJVfy'1it;tle)Vfar(jarctsUs nje i)car, J" 

JAi)dW)Srietcttof tyipjjs tljat u/cre'f 

r) fwi£ tittle j(/.st like ijer. 

^l),tiltle lips yoif toi/ch i\)e spring 
, ©f sWeetest sad ^emeivjheriryg, 
cAi)d lfeavt)}ai)[Ll)earl flasfyallflfjioll 
With ri/dtiytatftS of [ohaaap. V 

' I i 
at ti)y ffltl)ev's fireside sit \S 

,. Yoiir)gest of dllw1)0 circle »(, " 

1 A<1<( be^ l)in> tell «)« w))al did !je 

W)St }\e u/ks- little jifst like mc 


The volumes were bound in leather of a 
somber brown, aud e; eh had stamped upon 
it the iuitbils of Louis Frontenac, The 
range of subjects was wide, from poetry to 
philosophy, and half a dozen languages 
were represented. The mystical creed* 
of the Bast were here, side by side with 
modern works on the occult sciences. 
Books of travel in all lands, many of them 
quaint and olden, wore intermingled with 
the explorations of Mungo Park, Living 
stone and Stanley. Volumes of the leading 
magazines of the day told that the old man 
had kept abreast of current thought In 
one corner of the room manuscripts in 
coverings of vellum, board and paper were 
neatly arrangediou a revolving stand. Ii 
was in a roomy leathern chair near these 
treasures that Louis Frontenac had died 
So Aunt Chloe had told them, and it was 
natural for the young men. who had loved 
the dead planter, to turn their attention 
first to this collection of musty writings. 
Most of them wen band drawn in me 
diaeval old English and Latin characters, 
and they described in quaint terms the life 

of the cloister and the Btu ol .vents m sc 

was the diary or log-book of Captain 
Lafitte, of romantic memory. 

"He, you know," said Tracy, " was the 
Louisiana privateer aud smuggler under 
Spanish rule early in the century. Don't 
you call to mind the Brothers Lafitte?" 

"Most assuredly, Many a time did 
Uncle Louis spin us yarns about them." 

The narrative was dated 1802, nnd de- 
scribed divers voyages from the British 
West Indies to Spanish Louisiana. Cap- 
tain Lafitte had evidently escaped revenue 
cutters and glided past ports of entry to 
the fattening of his pur-. 

14 Here I see," said Tiny, "more than 
one reference to Tortillos island. Hullo! 
Listen to this: 

" ' Pursued by the Spanish frigate C'ahallero, 
which outsails us in a fresh breeze, we made 
TortillOS Island on the Btb Of June, thanks to 
light airs, and there we buried the Iron boi 
taken l'roui the corvette Son -Sebastian in the 
Keys. H e -ijalJ now push out to sea and let 
the Dona search our ship from stem to stern 

j'l-lillli' l)n-\ II liml but ■ 1 1 > hi-rnit and sour 

wine, for we're short ol stores This Spanish 
game Is well-nigh up. I bear the States are 
treating f or the purchase of Louisiana, and if 

the title iwlsses, (;<jod-h\ t. > pi I Viiteel 111^ 

line follows," continued the young 

planter, "a description of the spot where 

the b0J was buried." 
" w inre is Tortillos Island!" 
•■ About :i miles off our coast at the end 

of a sandy spit," Traev said. 

Koine \ took Up the manuscript and 

read the metes And landmarks set down 

by Lafitte to guide him to the spot where 
the boi was buried. These were written 

on a separate page and ran as follows: 

11 Seventy-nine feet N, by N. E. from the 
Beacon rock.thenee elambeHnc u\ er the break- 
water going due to a point on the sands, 
where the needla and the Beacon stand in a 
straight line. VM h-et; dig down until a tall 
man's head is level with the sea. 1 ' 

"Not very definite," was Forney's com- 
ment, "besides, if it was a treasure bo.\, 
no doubt the captain came back and re- 
covered it." 

" But, my dear fellow, you haven't seen 
Louis Prontenac's marginal aoteon the op- 
posite page. Here it is : 

''•Tortillos Island covered with water by the 
action of the gulf stream from 1804 to 1*65. ' " 

Both men were dazzled into silence by 
the romantic possibilities that Latitte's rec- 
ord book suggested. Suddenly Forney 
peering at the open writing said : 

" Queer! I don't quite understand this.' 

Then he held a page up to the light. It 
was the one that purported to guide the 
reader to the buried treasure. Forney 
gave a low whistle. Then he examined 
other pages in the same way. 

•■I thought so," he said at last, and 
went on to explain himself: "lam used 
to examining all sorts of papers aud docu- 
ments, and I was struck by the contrast in 
hue between this page and the others. It 
might be too fine for you, but to my 
trained eye it is \ er\ marked. By holding 
the page to the light I see that it bears the 
name and trade-mark of the * Everett 
Mill, llolyoke, Mass.' Plainly enough the 
original page has been torn out, and this 

has been substituted. Moreover. I will 
undertake to demonstrate that the hand- 
writing mi this page differs from that on 
the other sheets of this book. It was not 
tin work of Captain Lafitte, and was in- 
troduced here with intent to mislead. 
Where is uncle's microscope?" 

Tracy found the lens and handed it to 
Forney with an incredulous look. To the 
young planter's eye the characters on the 
page ol description were similar to those 
appearing elsewhere in the book and were 
indisputably genuine. Forney applied the 
microscope to the suspicious entry and for 
some time gave it a critical analysis. 
Then he moved the glass to another leaf of 
the privateer's narrative. 

"I was right!'' he exclaimed, exult 
ingly. " Now, old man, take a look your- 
self, while I furnish the proof. First, the 
genuine characters. You will observe 
that they were traced in a flowing hand, 
although somewhat antiquated. The down 
strokes arc firm and sure, aud the loops 
and curves easy. Note the fullness of the 
letter a and the peculiar way in which the 
cap of the big T is joined to the stem. 
The bulb of the small b is everywhere 
large, and the /• is written in one way only, 
with Q tail. Now the spurious paS&Bge, — 
see how ragged and shaky are the charac- 
ters under the searching glass. Here you 
will observe a flourish shaded, there a 
broken curve mended, and in every line 
the loops stiff and strained. The r'.i are 
written iu two ways, the cap of the 7' in 
■Tortillos' is palpably a clumsy imita- 
tion and the bulb of the ft'a nothing but 
an angle, just a- a lawyer with a cramped 
hand would write." 

l am convinced, "admitted Tracy, "but 

will you now furnish me with the motive 

of the substitution." 

'■That is a harder task, but the forger 

certainly expected to gain something by 

his work. We must show this to Jeffreys " 
■He has been out of town for three 
days " And then the young men Looked 
at each Othei queerly, as if the same idea 
and an njjls 006 bail struck them. 

"Has your fellow executor bad access 
to Mr. Frontenac'e papers! " asked Forney. 

"I see that we share the same sus- 
picions," returned thi planter. "Yes, he 
has. And do you know I have Been paper 
ii good deal like t?»ts tell-tale sheet in Jef- 
freys' office. It may be that he seeks to 
profit by his stewardship while honest men 
sleep. Of course he knew that we would 
come actoss this diary, and perhaps he had 
.1 reai that some one was aware ol it- ex- 
istence. To fell you the truth, Forney. I 
have never liked this obsequious lawyer 
whom your uncle honored with his confi- 
dence. We may be ou the wrong scent, 
bill, a- m i executor ami responsible tn you, 
I vote for a quiet expedition to Tortillos 
Island as a step toward clearing up this 

■■ [i seems like a wild goose chase." re- 
sponded Forney, "but, if there is any- 
thing in it, we had better move quickly." 

And quickly they did move. A ride 
of eleven miles along the sandy roads 

brought them to the edge of the H Is, 

from which Tortillos Island could be seen 
with the surf tumbling over its rocks. It 
was then almost dark, and they passed the 
night slccplessly in a woodman's hut. 
They were up when the first light touched 
the eastern sea-line. Leaving their horses 
to crop the short grass of the sand-hum- 
mocks, the young men started along the 
spit for the island, which at low water 
Could be reached by wading. Fortune 
favored them in this, for the tide had been 
ebbing for some hours and was slack. 
They passed across the channel with the 
water up to their waists, and, guided by 
Beacon Rock, made for the middle of the 
island. From a ridge of rocks known as 
the Breakwater they made a discovery. 

Tortillos was not tenanted alone by the 
sea-birds : there was a small *' A '* tent on 
the sands, looking very ghostly in the 

glimmer of dawn. Thrown up ill al I 

the Nil of canvas were mounds of sand, 
such us an industrious sexton with ;i l:n L ., 
order for graves might have made. A 
sandpiper was stalking along the wet mar- 
gin of the island and uttering a mournful 
crake. But for this sound, the desolation 
of the place with its limitless sea view was 
complete. And yet there was something 
droll about those hillocks of loose sand 
and the speck of a tent. 

■' Th.n's a vein of comedy in this that's 
diverting," said Forney. But Tracy only- 
looked grave. 

•■ Let us push on stealthily," he said. 

They reached the tent, but if there was 
an occupant he made no stir. Gently 
putting aside the canvas flap, Tracj looked 
in. lie instantly withdrew his head, and 
in an angry and startled whisper exclaimed : 

" Jeffreys, by God, sir! " 

Forney was shocked himself, although 
any other development would have sur- 
prised loin He was calmer than his 
friend, and. coolly purting the folds, he 

looked into the interior. The .sallow law- 
yer wag Ivinej on Ids blanket in the lu:i\ \ 

slumber of a man whose mind and sinews 
»<■'< both overwrought. Lying at his .side 
were in- digging tools— a spade, a pick 
and a crowbar. Pinned to the tent-pole 
Forney noticed r sheet ol yellow paper. 
Me leaned in and detached it. This was 
the missing leal' of Lafitte's diary. Ex- 
cept that thi' measurements differed ma- 
terially, the directions were similar to those 
in tin- false copy. 

Had Jeffreys succeeded in bis quest! 
This was the query that each of the visit- 
on put to himself. It was to be answered 
only by an inspection of the ground 
broken bj the lawyer's labors. Fit after 
pit was examined fruitlessly, At last, in 
an opening Born. SO yards from the tent, 
Fornej came upon a mound ol sand, 
packed hard and closi . ilea dad a furtive 
look of something hidden beneath it. The 
nephew ol old Frontena* wenl down on 
los knees, and, scraping away the sand in 
b most undignified fashion, he soon 
rough! in light }I black" box, lj feet 

square, banded with iron and riveted wit 
great nails of brass. It^ weight was too 
much for one man to handle, and this ex- 
plained why the tired searcher had not 
carried his find to the tent. 

Forney and the co-executor held a hur- 
ried consultation. A faint flush now 
marked the horizon Hue, and il would 
soon be flay. Any moment the kimvish 
lawyer might rouse himself, and some 
course of action must be liit upon at once. 
Both the young men were quick-witted, 
and their resolution was a master stroke. 
In three minutes they were staggering 
over the sands with Lafitte's box slung 
through its ring on n broken oar find had 
been thrown up on shore by t